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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924259/cation-limited-kinetic-model-for-microbial-extracellular-electron-transport-via-an-outer-membrane-cytochrome-c-complex
#1
REVIEW
Akihiro Okamoto, Yoshihide Tokunou, Junki Saito
Outer-membrane c-type cytochrome (OM c-Cyt) complexes in several genera of iron-reducing bacteria, such as Shewanella and Geobacter, are capable of transporting electrons from the cell interior to extracellular solids as a terminal step of anaerobic respiration. The kinetics of this electron transport has implications for controlling the rate of microbial electron transport during bioenergy or biochemical production, iron corrosion, and natural mineral cycling. Herein, we review the findings from in-vivo and in-vitro studies examining electron transport kinetics through single OM c-Cyt complexes in Shewanella oneidensis MR-1...
2016: Biophysics and Physicobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921105/ultrasmall-silver-nanoclusters-highly-efficient-antibacterial-activity-and-their-mechanisms
#2
Jian-Cheng Jin, Xiao-Juan Wu, Juan Xu, Bei-Bei Wang, Feng-Lei Jiang, Yi Liu
Silver materials have been widely used as antimicrobial agents. Notably, silver nanoparticles have emerged as a new generation of nanoproducts for biomedical and environmental applications in recent years. However, ultrasmall silver nanoclusters (NCs) (∼2 nm) have rarely been used to kill bacteria and their antibacterial mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. Herein, we studied the antibacterial activities of bifunctional fluorescent DHLA-AgNCs against three types of bacteria. The results showed that DHLA-AgNCs exhibited excellent antibacterial activities against Gram-negative E...
December 6, 2016: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919160/kr12-peptide-associated-with-cyclodextrin-antimicrobial-and-antitumor-activities
#3
Karina I R Teixeira, Maria E Cortés, Robson A S Santos, Fábio de Oliveira, Ruben D Sinisterra
The aim of this study was to determine the physical properties and antimicrobial and antiproliferative effects of the KR12 peptide complexed with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (Hp-βCd) in vitro. The KR12:Hp-βCd composition was evaluated for particle size and its zeta (ζ)-potential in the presence and absence of cells. Antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, and Porphyromonas gingivalis for the peptide alone or associated was evaluated by minimal inhibitory concentration...
December 1, 2016: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917837/purification-crystallization-and-characterization-of-the-pseudomonas-outer-membrane-protein-fapf-a-functional-amyloid-transporter
#4
Sarah L Rouse, Wlliam J Hawthorne, Sebastian Lambert, Marc L Morgan, Stephen A Hare, Stephen Matthews
Bacteria often produce extracellular amyloid fibres via a multi-component secretion system. Aggregation-prone, unstructured subunits cross the periplasm and are secreted through the outer membrane, after which they self-assemble. Here, significant progress is presented towards solving the high-resolution crystal structure of the novel amyloid transporter FapF from Pseudomonas, which facilitates the secretion of the amyloid-forming polypeptide FapC across the bacterial outer membrane. This represents the first step towards obtaining structural insight into the products of the Pseudomonas fap operon...
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916692/the-effects-of-bacteria-nanoparticles-interface-on-the-antibacterial-activity-of-green-synthesized-silver-nanoparticles
#5
Aftab Ahmad, Yun Wei, Fatima Syed, Kamran Tahir, Aziz Ur Rehman, Arifullah Khan, Sadeeq Ullah, Qipeng Yuan
Neutralization of bacterial cell surface potential using nanoscale materials is an effective strategy to alter membrane permeability, cytoplasmic leakage, and ultimate cell death. In the present study, an attempt was made to prepare biogenic silver nanoparticles using biomolecules from the aqueous rhizome extract of Coptis Chinensis. The biosynthesized silver nanoparticles were surface modified with chitosan biopolymer. The prepared silver nanoparticles and chitosan modified silver nanoparticles were cubic crystalline structures (XRD) with an average particle size of 15 and 20 nm respectively (TEM, DLS)...
December 1, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915375/identification-of-enzymes-responsible-for-extracellular-alginate-depolymerization-and-alginate-metabolism-in-vibrio-algivorus
#6
Hidetaka Doi, Yuriko Tokura, Yukiko Mori, Kenichi Mori, Yoko Asakura, Yoshihiro Usuda, Hiroo Fukuda, Akito Chinen
Alginate is a marine non-food-competing polysaccharide that has potential applications in biorefinery. Owing to its large size (molecular weight >300,000 Da), alginate cannot pass through the bacterial cell membrane. Therefore, bacteria that utilize alginate are presumed to have an enzyme that degrades extracellular alginate. Recently, Vibrio algivorus sp. SA2(T) was identified as a novel alginate-decomposing and alginate-utilizing species. However, little is known about the mechanism of alginate degradation and metabolism in this species...
December 3, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915254/ompf-of-pectobacterium-carotovorum-subsp-carotovorum-pcc3-is-required-for-carocin-d-sensitivity
#7
Jeong-A Lim, Jisoo Hong, Jonguk Kim, Sunggi Heu, Eunjung Roh
Carocin D is a bacteriocin produced by Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum Pcc21. Carocin D inhibits the growth of P carotovorum subsp. carotovorum and closely related strains, P carotovorum subsp. carotovorum is causative bacteria for soft rot disease and leads to severe economic losses. Bacteriocins recognize and interact with a specific membrane protein of target bacteria as a receptor. To identify the receptor responsible for carocin D recognition, mutants that underwent a phenotypic change from carocin D-sensitivity to carocin D-insensitivity were screened...
December 2, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915018/design-and-surface-immobilization-of-short-anti-biofilm-peptides
#8
Biswajit Mishra, Tamara Lushnikova, Radha M Golla, Xiuqing Wang, Guangshun Wang
: Short antimicrobial peptides are essential to keep us healthy and their lasting potency can inspire the design of new types of antibiotics. This study reports the design of a family of eight-residue tryptophan-rich peptides (TetraF2W) obtained by converting the four phenylalanines in temporin-SHf to tryptophans. The temporin-SHf template was identified from the antimicrobial peptide database (http://aps.unmc.edu/AP). Remarkably, the double arginine variant (TetraF2W-RR) was more effective in killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) USA300, but less cytotoxic to human skin HaCat and kidney HEK293 cells, than the lysine-containing dibasic combinations (KR, RK and KK)...
November 30, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914325/fabrication-of-metronidazole-loaded-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-zein-core-shell-nanofiber-membranes-via-coaxial-electrospinning-for-guided-tissue-regeneration
#9
Min He, Huiyi Jiang, Rui Wang, Yi Xie, Changsheng Zhao
To develop a biologically mimetic guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membrane with localized sustained drug release function to prevent infection, coaxial electrospinning technique was conducted to fabricate metronidazole (MNA)-loaded poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/zein core/shell nanofibers. The nanofibers displayed a uniform bead-free round morphology as observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and a core/shell structure as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) characterizations demonstrated that the MNA was well dispersed in the nanofibers matrix...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914086/killing-bacteria-with-cytotoxic-effector-proteins-of-human-killer-immune-cells-granzymes-granulysin-and-perforin
#10
Diego López León, Isabelle Fellay, Pierre-Yves Mantel, Michael Walch
Bacterial pathogens represent a constant threat to human health that was exacerbated in recent years by a dramatic increase of strains resistant to last resort antibiotics. The immune system of higher vertebrates generally evolved several efficient innate and adaptive mechanisms to fight ubiquitous bacterial pathogens. Among those mechanisms, immune proteases were recognized to contribute essentially to antibacterial immune defense. The effector serine proteases of the adaptive immune system, the granzymes, exert potent antimicrobial activity when they are delivered into the bacterial cytosol by prokaryotic membrane disrupting proteins, such as granulysin...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914001/subtilosin-prevents-biofilm-formation-by-inhibiting-bacterial-quorum-sensing
#11
Ammar Algburi, Saskia Zehm, Victoria Netrebov, Anzhelica B Bren, Vladimir Chistyakov, Michael L Chikindas
Subtilosin, the cyclic lantibiotic protein produced by Bacillus subtilis KATMIRA1933, targets the surface receptor and electrostatically binds to the bacterial cell membrane. In this study, subtilosin was purified using ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4) precipitation and purified via column chromatography. Subtilosin's antibacterial minimum and sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC and sub-MIC) and anti-biofilm activity (biofilm prevention) were established. Subtilosin was evaluated as a quorum sensing (QS) inhibitor in Gram-positive bacteria using Fe(III) reduction assay...
December 2, 2016: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913415/a-highly-expressed-high-molecular-weight-s-layer-complex-of-pelosinus-strain-ufo1-binds-uranium
#12
Michael P Thorgersen, W Andrew Lancaster, Lara Rajeev, Xiaoxuan Ge, Brian J Vaccaro, Farris L Poole, Adam P Arkin, Aindrila Mukhopadhyay, Michael W W Adams
: Cells suspensions of Pelosinus sp. strain UFO1 were previously shown, using spectroscopic analysis, to sequester uranium as U(IV) complexed with carboxyl and phosphoryl ligands on protein(s). The goal of this project was to characterize the proteins involved in uranium binding. Virtually all of the uranium in UFO1 cells was associated with a heterodimeric protein, which was termed the uranium-binding complex (UBC). UBC was composed of two S-layer domain proteins encoded by UFO1_4202 and UFO1_4203...
December 2, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911359/directed-protein-packaging-within-outer-membrane-vesicles-from-escherichia-coli-design-production-and-purification
#13
Nathan J Alves, Kendrick B Turner, Scott A Walper
An increasing interest in applying synthetic biology techniques to program outer membrane vesicles (OMV) are leading to some very interesting and unique applications for OMV where traditional nanoparticles are proving too difficult to synthesize. To date, all Gram-negative bacteria have been shown to produce OMV demonstrating packaging of a variety of cargo that includes small molecules, peptides, proteins and genetic material. Based on their diverse cargo, OMV are implicated in many biological processes ranging from cell-cell communication to gene transfer and delivery of virulence factors depending upon which bacteria are producing the OMV...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911010/screening-of-mercury-resistant-and-indole-3-acetic-acid-producing-bacterial-consortium-for-growth-promotion-of-cicer-arietinum-l
#14
Aatif Amin, Zakia Latif
Mercury resistant (Hg(R) ) bacteria were screened from industrial effluents and effluents-polluted rhizosphere soils near to districts Kasur and Sheikhupura, Pakistan. Out of 60 isolates, three bacterial strains, Bacillus sp. AZ-1, Bacillus cereus AZ-2, and Enterobacter cloacae AZ-3 showed Hg-resistance as 20 μg ml(-1) of HgCl2 and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production as 8-38 μg ml(-1) . Biochemical and molecular characterization of selected bacteria was confirmed by 16S ribotyping. Mercury resistant genes merA, merB, and merE of mer operon in Bacillus spp...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907988/kr12-peptide-associated-with-cyclodextrin-antimicrobial-and-antitumor-activities
#15
Karina I R Teixeira, Maria E Cortés, Robson A S Santos, Flávio Oliveira, Ruben D Sinisterra
The aim of this study was to determine the physical properties and antimicrobial and antiproliferative effects of the KR12 peptide complexed with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (Hp-βCd) in vitro. The KR12:Hp-βCd composition was evaluated for particle size and its zeta (ζ)-potential in the presence and absence of cells. Antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, and Porphyromonas gingivalis for the peptide alone or associated was evaluated by minimal inhibitory concentration...
December 1, 2016: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907185/antioxidant-antimicrobial-and-cytotoxic-properties-as-well-as-the-phenolic-content-of-the-extract-from-hancornia-speciosa-gomes
#16
Uilson P Santos, Jaqueline F Campos, Heron Fernandes V Torquato, Edgar Julian Paredes-Gamero, Carlos Alexandre Carollo, Leticia M Estevinho, Kely de Picoli Souza, Edson Lucas Dos Santos
Hancornia speciosa Gomes (Apocynaceae) is a fruit tree, popularly known as mangabeira, and it is widely distributed throughout Brazil. Several parts of the plant are used in folk medicine, and the leaf and bark extracts have anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, and antimicrobial properties. In this study, we investigated the chemical composition of the ethanolic extract of Hancornia speciosa leaves (EEHS) and its antioxidant, antimicrobial, and cytotoxic activities as well as the mechanisms involved in cell death...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906132/the-distinct-fate-of-smooth-and-rough-mycobacterium-abscessus-variants-inside-macrophages
#17
Anne-Laure Roux, Albertus Viljoen, Aïcha Bah, Roxane Simeone, Audrey Bernut, Laura Laencina, Therese Deramaudt, Martin Rottman, Jean-Louis Gaillard, Laleh Majlessi, Roland Brosch, Fabienne Girard-Misguich, Isabelle Vergne, Chantal de Chastellier, Laurent Kremer, Jean-Louis Herrmann
Mycobacterium abscessus is a pathogenic, rapidly growing mycobacterium responsible for pulmonary and cutaneous infections in immunocompetent patients and in patients with Mendelian disorders, such as cystic fibrosis (CF). Mycobacterium abscessus is known to transition from a smooth (S) morphotype with cell surface-associated glycopeptidolipids (GPL) to a rough (R) morphotype lacking GPL. Herein, we show that M. abscessus S and R variants are able to grow inside macrophages and are present in morphologically distinct phagosomes...
November 2016: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902439/evidence-that-pneumococcal-walk-is-regulated-by-stkp-through-protein-protein-interaction
#18
Gro Anita Stamsås, Daniel Straume, Zhian Salehian, Leiv Sigve Håvarstein
WalRK is the only two-component regulatory system essential for viability in Streptococcus pneumoniae. Despite its importance, the biological role of this system is not well understood. However, previous studies have shown that it has a crucial role in controlling pneumococcal cell division. Considerable efforts have been made to understand how the WalRK system is regulated, but no signal(s) sensed by the WalK histidine kinase has been identified so far. Here, we provide evidence that the serine/threonine protein kinase StkP modulates the activity of WalK through direct protein-protein interaction, suggesting that this interaction is one of the signals sensed by WalK...
November 29, 2016: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900448/the-archaeal-signal-recognition-particle-present-understanding-and-future-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Sayandeep Gupta, Mousam Roy, Abhrajyoti Ghosh
The signal recognition particle (SRP) and its receptor constitute universally conserved and essential cellular machinery that controls the proper membrane localization of nascent polypeptides with the transmembrane domain. In the past decade, there has been an immense advancement in our understanding of this targeting machine in all three domains of life. A significant portion of such progress came from the structural analysis of archaeal SRP components. Despite the availability of structural insights from different archaeal SRP components, little is known about protein translocation in this domain of life compared to either bacteria or eukaryotes...
November 29, 2016: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894013/outer-membrane-protein-design
#20
REVIEW
Joanna Sg Slusky
Membrane proteins are the gateway to the cell. These proteins are also a control center of the cell, as information from the outside is passed through membrane proteins as signals to the cellular machinery. The design of membrane proteins seeks to harness the power of these gateways and signal carriers. This review will focus on the design of the membrane proteins that are in the outer membrane, a membrane which only exists for gram negative bacteria, mitochondria, and chloroplasts. Unlike other membrane proteins, outer membrane proteins are uniquely shaped as β-barrels...
November 25, 2016: Current Opinion in Structural Biology
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