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Endothelin-1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821279/genetic-deletion-of-mglu2-metabotropic-glutamate-receptors-improves-the-short-term-outcome-of-cerebral-transient-focal-ischemia
#1
Federica Mastroiacovo, Slavianka Moyanova, Milena Cannella, Anderson Gaglione, Remy Verhaeghe, Giovanna Bozza, Michele Madonna, Marta Motolese, Anna Traficante, Barbara Riozzi, Valeria Bruno, Giuseppe Battaglia, David Lodge, Ferdinando Nicoletti
We have recently shown that pharmacological blockade of mGlu2 metabotropic glutamate receptors protects vulnerable neurons in the 4-vessel occlusion model of transient global ischemia, whereas receptor activation amplifies neuronal death. This raised the possibility that endogenous activation of mGlu2 receptors contributes to the pathophysiology of ischemic neuronal damage. Here, we examined this possibility using two models of transient focal ischemia: (i) the monofilament model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in mice, and (ii) the model based on intracerebral infusion of endothelin-1 (Et-1) in rats...
August 18, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819776/tongxinluo-capsule-for-cardiac-syndrome-x-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Hui-Min Mao, Mi Liu, Hua Qu, Li-Qiong Wang, Da-Zhuo Shi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tongxinluo Capsule (, TXL) for patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding TXL in the treatment of CSX were searched in Chinese Biomedicine Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, Wanfang Database, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, websites of the Chinese and International Clinical Trial Registry platform up to June 30, 2015...
August 17, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810262/fetal-sheep-mesenteric-resistance-arteries-functional-and-structural-maturation
#3
Julia J Müller, Matthias Schwab, Charles R Rosenfeld, Iwa Antonow-Schlorke, Peter W Nathanielsz, Florian Rakers, Harald Schubert, Otto W Witte, Sven Rupprecht
BACKGROUND: Fetal blood pressure increases during late gestation; however, the underlying vascular mechanisms are unclear. Knowledge of the maturation of resistance arteries is important to identify the mechanisms and vulnerable periods for the development of vascular dysfunction in adulthood. METHODS: We determined the functional and structural development of fetal sheep mesenteric resistance arteries using wire myography and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Media mass and distribution of myosin heavy-chain isoforms showed no changes between 0...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810065/olodaterol-shows-anti-fibrotic-efficacy-in-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-models-of-pulmonary-fibrosis
#4
Franziska Elena Herrmann, Lutz Wollin, Johannes Wirth, Florian Gantner, Bärbel Lämmle, Eva Wex
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal respiratory disease characterized by excessive fibroblast activation ultimately leading to scarring of the lungs. Although, the activation of β2 -adrenergic receptors (β2 -AR) has been shown to inhibit pro-fibrotic events primarily in cell lines, the role of β2 -AR agonism has not yet been fully characterized. The aim of our study was to explore the anti-fibrotic activity of the long-acting β2 -AR-agonist olodaterol in primary human lung fibroblasts, and in murine models of pulmonary fibrosis...
August 15, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808570/nitric-oxide-cyclic-gmp-pathway-mediates-the-endothelin-1-upregulation-of-adiponectin-expression-in-rat-cardiomyocytes
#5
Bingyan Guo, Yongjun Li, Xin Jin, Suyun Liu, Chenglong Miao
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) serves an important role in the development of cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. ET-1 and angiotensin II (AngII) comprise a mutually reciprocal signalling network in the myocardium and serve similar or additive roles in the development of heart failure. Our previous study previously demonstrated that AngII upregulated the expression of APN in cardiomyocytes through an AngII receptor type 2/nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic GMP(cGMP)-dependent pathway. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of ET-1 and the additive effects of ET-1 and AngII on the gene expression and secretion of APN, and the underlying mechanisms involved...
September 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808111/interferon-tau-promotes-cell-survival-and-inhibits-specific-luteolytic-genes-in-bovine-corpus-luteum
#6
Raghavendra Basavaraja, Emilia Przygrodzka, Bartosz Pawlinski, Zdzislaw Gajewski, Monika Marzena Kaczmarek, Rina Meidan
Interferon-tau (IFNT), a maternal recognition of pregnancy signals in domestic ruminants, suppress the release of luteolytic pulses of uterine prostaglandin F2a (PGF2a), thus extending the corpus luteum (CL) life span. We hypothesized that IFNT also exerts anti-luteolytic actions in bovine CL. To examine the direct effects of IFNT on bovine CL, luteal slices and enriched luteal endothelial cells (LECs) were utilized. We found that recombinant ovine IFNT (roIFNT) markedly elevates interferon-associated genes (STAT1, STAT2, and IRF9) and interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs: MX2, ISG15, & OAS1Y) in both models...
August 14, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807695/doxorubicin-enhance-oxysterol-levels-resulting-in-a-lxr-mediated-upregulation-of-cardiac-cholesterol-transporters
#7
Judith V Monzel, Thomas Budde, Henriette E Meyer Zu Schwabedissen, Matthias Schwebe, Sandra Bien-Möller, Dieter Lütjohann, Heyo K Kroemer, Gabriele Jedlitschky, Markus Grube
The anthracycline-mediated cardiotoxicity is still not completely understood. To examine the impact of cholesterol metabolism and transport in this context, cholesterol and oxysterol levels as well as the expression of the cholesterol transporters ABCA1 and ABCG1 were analyzed in doxorubicin-treated HL-1 murine cardiomyocytes as well as in mouse model for acute doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. Doxorubicin-treated HL-1 cells exhibited enhanced cholesterol (153±20% of control), oxysterol (24S-hydroxycholesterol: 206±29% of control) and cholesterol precursor levels (lathosterol: 122±12% of control; desmosterol: 188±10% of control) indicating enhanced cholesterol synthesis...
August 11, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797041/repeat-low-level-blast-exposure-increases-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1-trpv1-and-endothelin-1-et-1-expression-in-the-trigeminal-ganglion
#8
Elaine D Por, Melody L Sandoval, Chiquita Thomas-Benson, Teresa A Burke, Allison Doyle Brackley, Nathaniel A Jeske, Jeffery M Cleland, Brian J Lund
Blast-associated sensory and cognitive trauma sustained by military service members is an area of extensively studied research. Recent studies in our laboratory have revealed that low-level blast exposure increased expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and endothelin-1 (ET-1), proteins well characterized for their role in mediating pain transmission, in the cornea. Determining the functional consequences of these alterations in protein expression is critical to understanding blast-related sensory trauma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790412/determination-of-the-endothelin-1-recognition-sites-of-endothelin-receptor-type-a-by-the-directed-degeneration-method
#9
Seong-Gu Han, Sanghwan Ko, Won-Kyu Lee, Sang Taek Jung, Yeon Gyu Yu
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) play indispensable physiological roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration; therefore, identifying the mechanisms by which ligands bind to GPCRs is crucial for developing GPCR-targeting pharmaceutics and for understanding critical biological functions. Although some structural information is available regarding the interactions between GPCRs and their small molecule ligands, knowledge of how GPCRs interact with their corresponding macromolecule ligands, such as peptides and proteins, remains elusive...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790330/the-matrikine-acetylated-proline-glycine-proline-couples-vascular-inflammation-and-acute-cardiac-rejection
#10
Gregory A Payne, Jindong Li, Xin Xu, Patricia Jackson, Hongwei Qin, David M Pollock, J Michael Wells, Suzanne Oparil, Massoud Leesar, Rakesh P Patel, J Edwin Blalock, Amit Gaggar
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a dynamic, bioactive structure critical to organ development, structure and function. Excessive remodeling of the ECM is a hallmark of a variety of inflammatory conditions including vascular disease. Endothelin-1 (ET1) synthesis is understood to promote cardiovascular diseases including acute cardiac transplant rejection; however, the contribution of ECM-derived chemokines (matrikines) to vascular inflammation remains poorly understood. Herein we report that the matrikine acetylated Pro-Gly-Pro (PGP) stimulates vascular inflammation through activation of endothelial CXC Chemokine Receptor 2 (CXCR2) and production of endothelin-1 both in vitro and in vivo...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782443/cerebral-a%C3%AE-40-and-systemic-hypertension
#11
Hannah M Tayler, Jennifer C Palmer, Taya L Thomas, Patrick G Kehoe, Julian Fr Paton, Seth Love
Mid-life hypertension and cerebral hypoperfusion may be preclinical abnormalities in people who later develop Alzheimer's disease. Although accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) is characteristic of Alzheimer's disease and is associated with upregulation of the vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin-1 within the brain, it is unclear how this affects systemic arterial pressure. We have investigated whether infusion of Aβ40 into ventricular cerebrospinal fluid modulates blood pressure in the Dahl salt-sensitive rat...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781336/serum-eosinophil-cationic-protein-is-a-useful-marker-for-assessing-the-efficacy-of-inhaled-corticosteroid-therapy-in-children-with-bronchial-asthma
#12
Cai-Li Guo, Xiao-Min Sun, Xiao-Wen Wang, Qing Guo
Bronchial asthma (BA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of airways for which the effective therapies include inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and short-acting β2-adrenoreceptor agonist (SABA). Serum eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) has been reported to reflect the degree of airway inflammation. We, therefore, explored the implication of serum ECP in assessing the efficacy of ICS therapy in BA children. Our prospective randomized control study enrolled 126 BA children and 78 healthy children (the control group)...
August 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770223/plumbagin-alleviates-capillarization-of-hepatic-sinusoids-in-vitro-by-downregulating-et-1-vegf-ln-and-type-iv-collagen
#13
Guiyu Li, Yue Peng, Tiejian Zhao, Jiyong Lin, Xuelin Duan, Yanfei Wei, Jing Ma
Critical roles for liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) in liver fibrosis have been demonstrated, while little is known regarding the underlying molecular mechanisms of drugs delivered to the LSECs. Our previous study revealed that plumbagin plays an antifibrotic role in liver fibrosis. In this study, we investigated whether plumbagin alleviates capillarization of hepatic sinusoids by downregulating endothelin-1 (ET-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), laminin (LN), and type IV collagen on leptin-stimulated LSECs...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758529/targeting-endothelin-1-receptor-%C3%AE-arrestin1-network-for-the-treatment-of-ovarian-cancer
#14
Laura Rosanò, Roberta Cianfrocca, Rosanna Sestito, Piera Tocci, Valeriana Di Castro, Anna Bagnato
Endothelin-1 receptor (ET-1R)/β-arrestin1 (β-arr1) signaling is dysregulated in ovarian cancer. This signaling circuit enables cancer cells to engage several signaling and transcriptional networks that are pervasively intertwined, and represent a potential therapeutic target for developing novel agents for ovarian cancer treatment. Areas covered: In this article, we discuss the role of the signaling network between ET-1R and key pathways mediated by the scaffold protein β-arr1, as part of signaling complex, or as a transcription co-activator, promoting precise control of transcription of different genes, including ET-1...
July 31, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757119/low-plasma-testosterone-is-associated-with-elevated-cardiovascular-disease-biomarkers
#15
Alexander W Pastuszak, Taylor P Kohn, Joel Estis, Larry I Lipshultz
BACKGROUND: The relation between testosterone (T) plasma concentration and cardiovascular (CV) risk is unclear, with evidence supporting increased risk in men with low and high T levels. Few studies have assessed CV risk as a function of plasma T levels using objective biomarkers. AIM: To determine the relation between T levels and high-sensitivity CV risk biomarkers. METHODS: Ten thousand forty-one male patients were identified in the database of a commercial clinical laboratory performing biomarker testing...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756589/crosstalk-between-the-angiotensin-and-endothelin-system-in-the-cerebrovasculature-after-experimental-induced-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#16
Stefan Wanderer, Jan Mrosek, Hartmut Vatter, Volker Seifert, Juergen Konczalla
Under physiologic conditions, losartan showed a dose-dependent antagonistic effect to the endothelin-1 (ET-1)-mediated vasoconstriction. This reduced vasoconstriction was abolished after preincubation with an endothelin B1 receptor (ET(B1)-receptor) antagonist. Also, an increased ET(B1)-receptor-dependent relaxation to sarafotoxin S6c (S6c; an ET(B1)-receptor agonist) was detected by preincubation with losartan. Investigations after experimental induced subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are still missing. Therefore, we analyzed losartan in a further pathological setup...
July 29, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755882/pulmonary-hypertension-due-to-left-heart-disease-causes-intrapulmonary-venous-arterialization-in-rats
#17
Yoshitaka Fujimoto, Takashi Urashima, Fumie Kawachi, Toru Akaike, Yoichiro Kusakari, Hiroyuki Ida, Susumu Minamisawa
OBJECTIVE: A rat model of left atrial stenosis-associated pulmonary hypertension due to left heart diseases was prepared to elucidate its mechanism. METHODS: Five-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: left atrial stenosis and sham-operated control. Echocardiography was performed 2, 4, 6, and 10 weeks after surgery, and cardiac catheterization and organ excision were subsequently performed at 10 weeks after surgery. RESULTS: Left ventricular inflow velocity, measured by echocardiography, significantly increased in the left atrial stenosis group compared with that in the sham-operated control group (2...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753427/a-genetic-variant-associated-with-five-vascular-diseases-is-a-distal-regulator-of-endothelin-1-gene-expression
#18
Rajat M Gupta, Joseph Hadaya, Aditi Trehan, Seyedeh M Zekavat, Carolina Roselli, Derek Klarin, Connor A Emdin, Catharina R E Hilvering, Valerio Bianchi, Christian Mueller, Amit V Khera, Russell J H Ryan, Jesse M Engreitz, Robbyn Issner, Noam Shoresh, Charles B Epstein, Wouter de Laat, Jonathan D Brown, Renate B Schnabel, Bradley E Bernstein, Sekar Kathiresan
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) implicate the PHACTR1 locus (6p24) in risk for five vascular diseases, including coronary artery disease, migraine headache, cervical artery dissection, fibromuscular dysplasia, and hypertension. Through genetic fine mapping, we prioritized rs9349379, a common SNP in the third intron of the PHACTR1 gene, as the putative causal variant. Epigenomic data from human tissue revealed an enhancer signature at rs9349379 exclusively in aorta, suggesting a regulatory function for this SNP in the vasculature...
July 27, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750371/mitochondrial-fission-inhibitors-suppress-endothelin-1-induced-artery-constriction
#19
Chang Chen, Jin-Lai Gao, Ming-Yu Liu, Shan-Liang Li, Xiu-Chen Xuan, Xin-Zi Zhang, Xi-Yue Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Wei, Chang-Lin Zhen, Jing Jin, Xin Shen, De-Li Dong
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endothelin-1 is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms remained elusive. Our previous study found that inhibition of mitochondrial fission of smooth muscle cells suppressed phenylephrine- and high K+-induced artery constriction. Here, we studied the effects of mitochondrial fission inhibitors on endothelin-1-induced vasoconstriction. METHODS: The tension of rat mesenteric arteries and thoracic aorta was measured by using a multi-wire myograph system...
July 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747177/acute-coronary-syndrome-and-acute-kidney-injury-role-of-inflammation-in-worsening-renal-function
#20
Jorge Ortega-Hernández, Rashidi Springall, Fausto Sánchez-Muñoz, Julio-C Arana-Martinez, Héctor González-Pacheco, Rafael Bojalil
BACKGROUND: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), a common complication of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), is associated with higher mortality and longer hospital stays. The role of cytokines and other mediators is unknown in AKI induced by an ACS (ACS-AKI), leading to several unanswered questions. The worsening of renal function is usually seen as a dichotomous phenomenon instead of a dynamic change, so evaluating changes of the renal function in time may provide valuable information in the ACS-AKI setting...
July 26, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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