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Ems quality assurance

Gregory Hansen, Simerpreet Bal, Kerri Lynn Schellenberg, Susan Alcock, Esseddeeg Ghrooda
OBJECTIVE: Stroke guideline compliance of rural Canadian prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) care in acute stroke is unknown. In this quality assurance study, we sought to compare rural and urban care by prehospital EMS evaluation/management indicators from patients assessed at an urban Canadian stroke center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred adult patients were randomly selected from the stroke registry. Patients were transported through Rural EMS bypass protocols or urban EMS protocols (both bypass and direct) to our stroke center between January and December 2013...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Patrick Maher, Richard Utarnachitt, Max J Louzon, Roxann Gary, Nina Sen, John R Hess
Over the past few decades, reports have described favorable results from transfusion of blood products in helicopter EMS (HEMS). Nevertheless, the initiation of a HEMS transfusion program requires consideration of many factors, some unique to each clinical site. This paper describes our experience developing a HEMS transfusion program in an urban non-hospital based HEMS program with a history of long transport times. When considering blood use away from the hospital, major consideration must be given to safe storage and monitoring of blood products both on the ground and while in flight...
September 2017: Air Medical Journal
Young Taek Kim, Sang Do Shin, Sung Ok Hong, Ki Ok Ahn, Young Sun Ro, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Jeong Hong
OBJECTIVES: The Utstein ten-step implementation strategy (UTIS) proposed by the Global Resuscitation Alliance, a bundle of community cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) programs to improve outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs), has been developed. However, it is not documented whether UTIS programs are associated with better outcomes or not. The study aimed to test the association between the UTIS programme and better outcomes after OHCA. METHODS: The study was a before- and after-intervention study...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
Novneet Sahu, Patrick Matthews, Kathryn Groner, Mia A Papas, Ross Megargel
Introduction Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves outcomes in patients with respiratory distress. Additional benefits are seen with CPAP application in the prehospital setting. Theoretical safety concerns regarding Basic Life Support (BLS) providers using CPAP exist. In Delaware's (USA) two-tiered Emergency Medical Service (EMS) system, BLS often arrives before Advanced Life Support (ALS). Hypothesis This study fills a gap in literature by evaluating the safety of CPAP applied by BLS prior to ALS arrival...
December 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger, Wolfgang G Voelckel
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital airway management is a major challenge for emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Despite convincing evidence that the rescuer's qualifications determine efficacy of tracheal intubation, in-hospital airway management training is not mandatory in Austria, and often neglected. Thus we sought to prove that airway management competence of EMS physicians can be established and maintained by a tailored training program. METHODS: In this descriptive quality control study we retrospectively evaluated all in- and pre-hospital airway cases managed by EMS physicians who underwent a structured in-hospital training program in anesthesia at General Hospital Wiener Neustadt...
April 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Kyong Min Sun, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Hideharu Tanaka, Goh E Shaun, Wen-Chu Chiang, Kentaro Kajino, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Akio Kimura, Young Sun Ro, Dae Han Wi, Ju Ok Park, Sung Woo Moon, Young Hee Jung, Min Jung Kim, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge on the current trauma systems in Asian countries is limited. The objective of this study was to describe the emergency medical services (EMS) and trauma care systems among countries participating in the Pan-Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) Clinical Research Network. METHODS: The PATOS network consists of 33 participating sites from 14 countries. Standardized data was collected from each site using an EMS survey form and included general information (population, population density, urbanization, EMS service fee, etc...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
Elliot M Ross, Theodore T Redman, Stephen A Harper, Julian G Mapp, David A Wampler, David A Miramontes
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The goal of our study is to determine if prehospital dual defibrillation (DD) is associated with better neurologically intact survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort analysis of prospectively collected Quality Assurance/Quality Improvement data from a large urban fire based EMS system out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) database between Jan 2013 and Dec 2015. Our inclusion criteria were administration of DD or at least four conventional 200J defibrillations for cases of recurrent and refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF)...
September 2016: Resuscitation
Amy Koestner, Madonna Walters, Mican DeBoer
The role of the trauma program manager (TPM) has evolved since the early 1980s. Duties of TPM historically included broad responsibilities such as education, data collection, system, EMS, clinical activities, research, and quality assurance. The purpose of this study was to use survey sampling to evaluate self-perceived functions and scope of work of TPMs in the United States. Results show that TPMs from higher volume centers spend more time on program administration duties whereas TPMs from lower volume centers focus more on registry and clinical duties...
March 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
N K Mould-Millman, R Oteng, A Zakariah, M Osei-Ampofo, G Oduro, W Barsan, P Donkor, T Kowalenko
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the structure, function and performance of Ashanti Region's emergency medical services system in the context of the regional need for prehospital emergency care. DESIGN: A mixed-methods approach was employed, using retrospective collection of quantitative data and prospectively gathered qualitative data. Setting - pertinent data were collected from Ghanaian and international sources; interviews and technical assessments were performed primarily in the Ashanti Region of Ghana...
September 2015: Ghana Medical Journal
Pier Camillo Pavesi, Paolo Guastaroba, Gianni Casella, Elena Berti, Rossana De Palma, Stefano Di Bartolomeo, Giuseppe Di Pasquale
BACKGROUND: The assessment of the regional network for ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) is fundamental for quality assurance. Since 2011 all Italian Health Authorities, in addition to hospital discharge records (HDR), must provide a standardized information flow (ERD) about emergency department (ED) and emergency medical system (EMS) activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether data integration of ERD with HDR may allow the development of appropriate quality indicators...
September 2015: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Joseph Tennyson, Louise Maranda, Adam Darnobid
INTRODUCTION: The use of warning lights and siren (WLS) increases the risk of ambulance collisions. Multiple studies have failed to demonstrate a clinical benefit to the patients. We sought to investigate the degree to which providers understand the data and incorporate it into their practice. METHODS: The authors distributed an anonymous survey to prehospital providers under their medical direction at staff and quality assurance meetings. The surveys asked the providers' degree of agreement with four statements: transport with lights and siren shortens transport times; transport with lights and siren improves patient outcome; transport with lights and siren increases the risk of collision during transport; and transport with lights and siren reduces the utilization of "mutual aid" service...
May 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Andrew J Bouland, Nicholas Risko, Benjamin J Lawner, Kevin G Seaman, Cassandra M Godar, Matthew J Levy
OBJECTIVE: Early, high-quality, minimally interrupted bystander cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) is essential for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival. However, rates of bystander intervention remain low in many geographic areas. Community CPR programs have been initiated to combat these low numbers by teaching compression-only CPR to laypersons. This study examined bystander CPR and the cost-effectiveness of a countywide CPR program to improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival...
2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
N Clay Mann, Lauren Kane, Mengtao Dai, Karen Jacobson
BACKGROUND: The National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) is a federally funded project designed to standardize emergency medical services (EMS) patient care reporting and facilitate state and national data repositories for the assessment of EMS systems of care. The purpose of this assessment is to characterize the annual NEMSIS 2012 Public-Release Research Dataset, detailing the strengths and limitations associated with use of these data for EMS quality assurance and/or research purposes...
April 2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
Zuzana Kaifoszova, Petr Kala, Thomas Alexander, Yan Zhang, Yong Huo, Adriaan Snyders, Rhena Delport, Marco Antonio Alcocer-Gamba, Leslie Marisol Lugo Gavidia
This paper describes the opportunities and challenges in building ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) systems of care in Stent for Life affiliated and collaborating so-called emerging countries, namely India, China, South Africa and Mexico, where CAD mortality is increasing and becoming a significant healthcare problem. The Stent for Life model supports the implementation of ESC STEMI Guidelines in Europe and endeavours to impact on morbidity and mortality by improving services and developing regional STEMI systems of care, whereby STEMI patients' timely access to a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is assured...
August 2014: EuroIntervention
Kristy Gonzalez Morganti, Abby Alpert, Gregg Margolis, Jeffrey Wasserman, Arthur L Kellermann
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study was to determine how EMS organizations that are piloting patient-centered treatment and transport protocols are approaching the challenges of implementation, reimbursement, and quality assurance. We were particularly interested in determining if these pilot efforts have raised any patient safety concerns. METHODS: We conducted a set of discussions with a small group of key EMS stakeholders regarding the status of pioneering efforts to develop and evaluate innovative approaches to EMS in the United States...
January 2014: Prehospital Emergency Care
Kendra P Parekh, Stephan Russ, David A Amsalem, Navindranauth Rambaran, Seth W Wright
BACKGROUND: Left without being seen (LWBS) proportions are commonly used as quality control indicators, but little data is available on LWBS proportions in the developing world. This study sought to determine the proportion and characteristics of patients who LWBS from the emergency department (ED) of the main public hospital in Georgetown, Guyana. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of an ED quality assurance database. Registration personnel collected demographic information on patients presenting to the ED over a 2-week period in July 2010...
2013: BMC Emergency Medicine
(no author information available yet)
Children who require emergency care have unique needs, especially when emergencies are serious or life-threatening. The majority of ill and injured children are brought to community hospital emergency departments (EDs) by virtue of their geography within communities. Similarly, emergency medical services (EMS) agencies provide the bulk of out-of-hospital emergency care to children. It is imperative, therefore, that all hospital EDs have the appropriate resources (medications, equipment, policies, and education) and staff to provide effective emergency care for children...
March 2013: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Shanlian Hu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the achievements, issues and policy recommendations for implementing essential medicine system in China after a 3-year effort. METHODS: Policy documents analysis and Literature reviews are conducted. RESULTS: From 2009-2011, a series of national essential medicine (EM) policies has been established which contain EM list, organizing production, quality assurance, pricing, tendering and procurement, distribution, rational use, monitoring and evaluation, etc...
2013: Journal of Medical Economics
David A Wampler, Lindsey Collett, Craig A Manifold, Christopher Velasquez, Jason T McMullan
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services (EMS) are crucial in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Despite accepted termination-of-resuscitation criteria, many patients are transported to the hospital without achieving field return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). OBJECTIVE: We examine field ROSC influence on OHCA survival to hospital discharge in two large urban EMS systems. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was conducted...
October 2012: Prehospital Emergency Care
John William Hafner, Michael Downs, Kelly Cox, Joy E Johncox, Timothy J Schaefer
BACKGROUND: Medical transport using helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) has rapidly proliferated over the past decade. Because of issues of cost and safety, appropriate utilization is of increasing concern. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to describe the medical appropriateness of HEMS transports, using established guidelines, in a large national patient cohort. METHODS: A review was performed of all flights designated as inappropriate by a large national air medical company, Air Evac EMS Inc...
October 2012: Prehospital Emergency Care
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