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frailty prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168787/fred-exergame-to-prevent-dependence-and-functional-deterioration-associated-with-ageing-a-pilot-three-week-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Iranzu Mugueta-Aguinaga, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain
Introduction: Frailty syndrome and advanced age may decrease the acceptance of illness and quality of life, and worsen patients' existing health conditions, as well as leading to an increase in health care expenses. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to reduce frailty risk via the use of a FRED game which has been expressly designed and put together for the study. Materials and methods: A total of 40 frail volunteers with a score of <10 points in the short physical performance battery (SPPB) took part in a feasibility study in order to validate the FRED game...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165531/prevention-of-frailty-in-aging
#2
B Vellas, S Sourdet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164119/spontaneous-reversion-of-clinical-conditions-measuring-the-risk-profile-of-the-individual-from-frailty-to-mild-cognitive-impairment
#3
REVIEW
Marco Canevelli, Giuseppe Bruno, Francesca Remiddi, Carlo Vico, Eleonora Lacorte, Nicola Vanacore, Matteo Cesari
The number of people living with disabilities worldwide is rapidly growing due to a longer life expectancy and the subsequent increasing burden of chronic diseases. The need of developing and implementing effective strategies aimed at delaying or preventing disability has been repeatedly underlined and is currently the main focus of several health-care policies. In this scenario, a special attention is addressed to the identification of specific clinical conditions measuring the risk profile of the individual of developing an overt disability and other negative outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161342/oral-frailty-as-a-risk-factor-for-physical-frailty-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#4
Tomoki Tanaka, Kyo Takahashi, Hirohiko Hirano, Takeshi Kikutani, Yutaka Watanabe, Yuki Ohara, Hiroyasu Furuya, Tetsuo Tsuji, Masahiro Akishita, Katsuya Iijima
Background: Oral health is important for maintaining general health among the elderly. However, a longitudinal association between poor oral health and general health has not been reported. We investigated whether poor oral status can predict physical weakening (physical frailty, sarcopenia, subsequent disability) and identified the longitudinal impact of the accumulated poor oral health (i.e., oral frailty) on adverse health outcomes, including mortality. Methods: A total of 2,011 elderly individuals (aged ≥65 years) participated in the baseline survey of the Kashiwa study in 2012...
November 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158914/unsupervised-progressive-elastic-band-exercises-for-frail-geriatric-inpatients-objectively-monitored-by-new-exercise-integrated-technology-a-feasibility-trial-with-an-embedded-qualitative-study
#5
C R Rathleff, T Bandholm, E G Spaich, M Jorgensen, J Andreasen
Background: Frailty is a serious condition frequently present in geriatric inpatients that potentially causes serious adverse events. Strength training is acknowledged as a means of preventing or delaying frailty and loss of function in these patients. However, limited hospital resources challenge the amount of supervised training, and unsupervised training could possibly supplement supervised training thereby increasing the total exercise dose during admission. A new valid and reliable technology, the BandCizer, objectively measures the exact training dosage performed...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149866/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-frailty-among-home-care-clients
#6
Minna Miettinen, Miia Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen, Irma Nykänen
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a common problem among older people and it is associated with an increased risk of death and long-term institutional care. Early identification of frailty is necessary to prevent a further decline in the health status of home care clients. The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of frailty and associated factors among 75-year-old or older home care clients. METHODS: The study participants were 75-year-old or older home care clients living in three cities in Eastern and Central Finland...
November 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145666/frontiers-of-prevention-pollution-infection-cognitive-function-and-frailty
#7
Thomas F Lüscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145588/the-perspectives-of-pre-frail-and-frail-older-people-on-being-advised-about-exercise-a-qualitative-study
#8
Agathe Daria Jadczak, Joanne Dollard, Neha Mahajan, Renuka Visvanathan
Background: Exercise is considered to be the most effective strategy to treat, prevent and delay frailty, a prevalent geriatric syndrome observed in clinical practice. Encouraging frail older people to take up exercise is crucial in the management of this condition. The study aimed to explore pre-frail and frail older peoples' perspectives in relation to being advised about exercise and their perceptions of the general practitioners' (GPs) role in promoting exercise for older people. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 community-dwelling older (median age 83 years) participants screened pre-frail or frail using the FRAIL Screen...
November 14, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143769/senescent-nephropathy-the-new-renal-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Florencia Aiello, Eliana P Dueñas, Carlos G Musso
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by progressive and irreversible deterioration of renal function due to the reduction of nephron mass for a period of at least three months. The prevalence of CKD is roughly 10% in the general population but increases with age, affecting more than one-third of people older than 65. Frailty is a condition usually found in elderly people, characterized by weakness, motility, and balance issues, with a declined ability to resist stressors leading to increased risks of adverse health outcomes including falls, fracture, hospitalization, institutionalization, disability, dependence, dementia, poor quality of life, and death...
October 28, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137947/low-dose-vitamin-d-supplementation-and-incident-frailty-in-older-people-an-eight-year-longitudinal-study
#10
Francesco Bolzetta, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Stefano Celotto, Alberto Cester, Stefania Maggi, Ai Koyanagi, Emanuele Cereda, Nicola Veronese
Hypovitaminosis D is associated with frailty, but if vitamin D supplementation may prevent the onset of frailty is poorly known. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation is associated with a lower risk of frailty. In this longitudinal study, 4,421 individuals at high risk or having knee osteoarthritis free from frailty at baseline (mean age: 61.3, females=58.0%) were followed for 8 years. Details regarding vitamin D supplementation were captured by asking whether the participant took vitamin D during the previous year, at least once per month...
November 11, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129219/cardiovascular-screening-and-primary-prevention-in-older-adults
#11
REVIEW
Ariela R Orkaby, Michael W Rich
Evidence for preventive screening and therapeutic intervention for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease is limited for older adults. In this article, we review screening and prevention strategies, including lifestyle, modifiable risk factors, and medications, that may be considered in older adults, with a focus on those ≥75 years, accounting for age, frailty and functional status, medical conditions, and life expectancy.
February 2018: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129215/frailty-screening-and-interventions-considerations-for-clinical-practice
#12
REVIEW
Jeremy Walston, Brian Buta, Qian-Li Xue
Frailty is recognized as a cornerstone of geriatric medicine. It increases the risk of geriatric syndromes and adverse health outcomes in older and vulnerable populations. Although multiple screening instruments have been developed and validated to improve feasibility in clinical practice, frequent lack of agreement between frailty instruments has slowed broad implementation of these tools. Despite this, interventions to improve frailty-related health outcomes developed to date include exercise, nutrition, multicomponent interventions, and individually tailored geriatric care models...
February 2018: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126162/high-circulating-free-thyroxine-levels-may-increase-the-risk-of-frailty-the-rotterdam-study
#13
Arjola Bano, Layal Chaker, Josje Schoufour, M Arfan Ikram, Maryam Kavousi, Oscar H Franco, Robin P Peeters, Francesco U S Mattace-Raso
Context: Thyroid hormones affect metabolism in various tissues, organs and systems. However, the overall impact of thyroid function on an individual's vulnerability to adverse outcomes remains unclear. Objective: To investigate the cross-sectional and prospective association of thyroid function with frailty index, a well-established measure of overall health. Design and Setting: The Rotterdam Study, a population-based, prospective cohort study...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115022/self-care-agency-lifestyle-and-physical-condition-predict-future-frailty-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#14
Chika Tanimura, Hiromi Matsumoto, Yasuko Tokushima, Junko Yoshimura, Shinji Tanishima, Hiroshi Hagino
The purpose of this 2 year longitudinal study was to identify the relationship between self-care agency, lifestyle, physical condition, and frailty among community-dwelling older people in a rural area of Japan. The participants were 133 older individuals aged 65 years or above. Data collection was conducted via face-to-face interviews using self-administered questionnaires. Background information, such as age, sex, current employment status, family structure, medication use, comorbidities, and knee and lower back pain, were assessed...
November 8, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084183/dietary-magnesium-may-be-protective-for-aging-of-bone-and-skeletal-muscle-in-middle-and-younger-older-age-men-and-women-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort
#15
Ailsa A Welch, Jane Skinner, Mary Hickson
Although fragility fractures, osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and frailty are becoming more prevalent in our aging society the treatment options are limited and preventative strategies are needed. Despite magnesium being integral to bone and muscle physiology, the relationship between dietary magnesium and skeletal muscle and bone health has not been investigated concurrently to date. We analysed cross-sectional associations between dietary magnesium and skeletal muscle mass (as fat free mass-FFM), grip strength, and bone density (BMD) in 156,575 men and women aged 39-72 years from the UK Biobank cohort...
October 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079156/septic-arthritis-and-prosthetic-joint-infections-in-older-adults
#16
REVIEW
Rajeshwari Nair, Marin L Schweizer, Namrata Singh
Older adults are at increased risk for septic arthritis and prosthetic joint infections (PJI), owing at least in part to comorbid conditions and frailty. An increasing number of older adults undergo total joint arthroplasty to improve their quality of life. Infections in older adults differ from younger populations by the causative organisms, a great proportion of which are Staphylococcal infections. Targeting important modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors may prevent or reduce the burden of joint infections in older adults...
December 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079150/influence-of-aging-and-environment-on-presentation-of-infection-in-older-adults
#17
REVIEW
Nadim G El Chakhtoura, Robert A Bonomo, Robin L P Jump
In older adults, pathophysiologic, clinical, and environmental factors all affect the presentation of infections. We explore how age-related changes influence the manifestation and evaluation of infections in this population. Specific topics include immunosenescence, age-related organ-specific physiologic changes, and frailty. We also describe clinical factors influencing infection risk and presentation in older adults, including temperature regulation, cognitive decline, and malnutrition. Finally, we discuss the influence of the setting in which older adults reside on the clinical evaluation of infection...
December 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075437/chrodis-criteria-applied-to-the-mask-macvia-aria-sentinel-network-good-practice-in-allergic-rhinitis-a-sunfrail-report
#18
REVIEW
J Bousquet, G L Onorato, C Bachert, M Barbolini, A Bedbrook, L Bjermer, J Correia de Sousa, N H Chavannes, A A Cruz, E De Manuel Keenoy, P Devillier, J Fonseca, S Hun, T Kostka, P W Hellings, M Illario, J C Ivancevich, D Larenas-Linnemann, J Millot-Keurinck, D Ryan, B Samolinski, A Sheikh, A Yorgancioglu, I Agache, S Arnavielhe, M Bewick, I Annesi-Maesano, J M Anto, K C Bergmann, C Bindslev-Jensen, S Bosnic-Anticevich, J Bouchard, D P Caimmi, P Camargos, G W Canonica, V Cardona, A M Carriazo, C Cingi, E Colgan, A Custovic, R Dahl, P Demoly, G De Vries, W J Fokkens, J F Fontaine, B Gemicioğlu, N Guldemond, Z Gutter, T Haahtela, B Hellqvist-Dahl, E Jares, G Joos, J Just, N Khaltaev, T Keil, L Klimek, M L Kowalski, I Kull, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, D Laune, R Louis, A Magnan, J Malva, E Mathieu-Dupas, E Melén, E Menditto, M Morais-Almeida, R Mösges, J Mullol, R Murray, H Neffen, R O'Hehir, S Palkonen, N G Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, J L Pépin, F Portejoie, D Price, B Pugin, F Raciborski, F E R Simons, M Sova, O Spranger, C Stellato, A Todo Bom, P V Tomazic, M Triggiani, A Valero, E Valovirta, O VandenPlas, A Valiulis, M van Eerd, M T Ventura, M Wickman, I Young, T Zuberbier, A Zurkuhlen, A Senn
A Good Practice is a practice that works well, produces good results, and is recommended as a model. MACVIA-ARIA Sentinel Network (MASK), the new Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) initiative, is an example of a Good Practice focusing on the implementation of multi-sectoral care pathways using emerging technologies with real life data in rhinitis and asthma multi-morbidity. The European Union Joint Action on Chronic Diseases and Promoting Healthy Ageing across the Life Cycle (JA-CHRODIS) has developed a checklist of 28 items for the evaluation of Good Practices...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075195/falls-and-fall-prevention-in-older-persons-geriatrics-meets-spaceflight
#19
REVIEW
Nandu Goswami
This paper provides a general overview of key physiological consequences of microgravity experienced during spaceflight and of important parallels and connections to the physiology of aging. Microgravity during spaceflight influences cardiovascular function, cerebral autoregulation, musculoskeletal, and sensorimotor system performance. A great deal of research has been carried out to understand these influences and to provide countermeasures to reduce the observed negative consequences of microgravity on physiological function...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073908/explaining-discrepancies-in-self-reported-quality-of-life-in-frail-older-people-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Anne van der Vorst, G A Rixt Zijlstra, Nico De Witte, Ruth G M Vogel, Jos M G A Schols, Gertrudis I J M Kempen
BACKGROUND: Most research on multidimensional frailty focuses on deficits and risks of adverse outcomes. However, although some frail older people report a low quality of life (QoL), others still report a relatively high QoL. More knowledge about these discrepancies might give new insight into developing frailty prevention strategies. Therefore, this mixed-method study aimed (a) to identify characteristics related to QoL among frail older people; and (b) to explain discrepancies between higher and lower levels of QoL, with a specific interest in identifying strengths frail older people with a higher QoL still have...
October 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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