keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

frailty prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210943/faces-of-frailty-in-aging-with-hiv-infection
#1
REVIEW
Marion Thurn, Deborah R Gustafson
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The number of adults who are aging successfully and have HIV infection is increasing. More effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens are preventing individuals infected with HIV from reaching end stages of the HIV infection and developing AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). However, even at lower viral loads, chronic HIV infection appears to have consequences on aging processes, including the development of frailty. RECENT FINDINGS: Frailty is a term used to describe vulnerability in aging...
February 16, 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202426/integrated-platform-for-home-services-using-new-products-and-services-for-senior-citizens-call-cnav-carsat-2015
#2
Michel Noguès, Daniel Laune, Delphine Paccard, Anne-Laure Coupet, Justine Millot-Keurinck, Narjis Bototo, Marine Bertrand, Jean Bousquet
This project is part of: i) the risks of ageing prevention policy of the French retirement and occupational health insurance agency of Languedoc Roussillon (Carsat-LR) and ii) the European innovation partnership on active and healthy ageing (EIP on AHA). It aims to support senior citizens who live independently and have been identified at risk of frailty on a social or health level. The purpose is to increase legibility as well as technical and financial access to innovations for vulnerable seniors who are remote from the digital era, through a multiservice user-friendly platform...
February 15, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196791/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-among-older-people-with-and-without-frailty-a-population-based-survey
#3
Niina Susanna Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Milla Immonen, Heidi Similä, Heidi Enwald, Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä
BACKGROUND: Use of information and communication technologies (ICT) among seniors is increasing; however, studies on the use of ICT by seniors at the highest risk of health impairment are lacking. Frail and prefrail seniors are a group that would likely benefit from preventive nutrition and exercise interventions, both of which can take advantage of ICT. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to quantify the differences in ICT use, attitudes, and reasons for nonuse among physically frail, prefrail, and nonfrail home-dwelling seniors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188558/rationale-for-a-preliminary-operational-definition-of-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia-in-the-sprintt-trial
#4
Matteo Cesari, Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Antonio Cherubini, Mauro Di Bari, Patrick Kortebein, Susanna Del Signore, Regis Le Lain, Bruno Vellas, Marco Pahor, Ronenn Roubenoff, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
In the present article, the rationale that guided the operationalization of the theoretical concept of physical frailty and sarcopenia (PF&S), the condition of interest for the "Sarcopenia and Physical Frailty in Older People: Multicomponent Treatment Strategies" (SPRINTT) trial, is presented. In particular, the decisions lead to the choice of the adopted instruments, and the reasons for setting the relevant thresholds are explained. In SPRINTT, the concept of physical frailty is translated with a Short Physical Performance Battery score of ≥3 and ≤9...
February 10, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183454/frailty-and-nutrition-from-epidemiological-and-clinical-evidence-to-potential-mechanisms
#5
REVIEW
Mary Yannakoulia, Eva Ntanasi, Costas A Anastasiou, Nikolaos Scarmeas
Frailty is a geriatric condition characterized by unintentional weight loss, low muscle strength, feeling of exhaustion, reduced physical activity capacity and slow walking speed. Theoretically, nutrition is a factor closely related to the frailty syndrome: all frailty criteria are more or less affected by poor eating habits, whereas frailty itself may have a negative effect on eating and, thus, on the nutritional status. Indeed, research data suggest an association between frailty and specific constituents of diet, namely protein and energy intake, as well as intakes of specific micronutrients...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181204/physical-activity-and-exercise-as-countermeasures-to-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia
#6
Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Matteo Cesari, Mauro Di Bari, Antonio Cherubini, Marianna Broccatelli, Giulia Savera, Mariaelena D'Elia, Marco Pahor, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi
The identification of cost-effective interventions that improve the health status and prevent disability in old age is one of the most important public health challenges. Regular physical activity is the only intervention that has consistently been shown to improve functional health and energy balance and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, several cancers, depression and falls. In advanced age, physical activity is also effective at mitigating sarcopenia, restoring robustness, and preventing/delaying the development of disability...
February 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178370/barriers-and-enablers-to-adherence-to-anticoagulation-in-heart-failure-with-atrial-fibrillation-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#7
Caleb Ferguson, Sally C Inglis, Phillip J Newton, Sandy Middleton, Peter S Macdonald, Patricia M Davidson
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the barriers and enablers to adherence to anticoagulation in individuals with chronic heart failure (CHF) with concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) from the perspective of patients and providers. BACKGROUND: CHF and AF commonly coexist and are associated with increased stroke risk and mortality. Oral anticoagulation significantly reduces stroke risk and improves outcomes. Yet, in approximately 30% of cases anticoagulation is not commenced for a variety of reasons...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160252/preventing-mobility-disability-in-europe-a-health-economics-perspective-from-the-sprintt-study
#8
Nicolas Sirven, Thomas Rapp, Silvia Coretti, Matteo Ruggeri, Americo Cicchetti
In a global context of population aging, gaining better knowledge of the mechanisms leading to loss of autonomy has become a major objective, notably with the aim of implementing effective preventive health policies. The concept of frailty, originally introduced in gerontology and geriatrics as a precursor state to functional dependency, appears as a useful tool in this specific context. The "Sarcopenia and Physical fRailty IN older people: multi-componenT Treatment strategies" (SPRINTT) project will provide a unique opportunity to explore health economics issues associated with frailty...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159055/design-of-a-frailty-index-among-community-living-middle-aged-and-older-people-the-rotterdam-study
#9
Josje D Schoufour, Nicole S Erler, Loes Jaspers, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Trudy Voortman, Gijsbertus Ziere, Jan Lindemans, Caroline C Klaver, Henning Tiemeier, Bruno Stricker, Arfan M Ikram, Joop S E Laven, Guy G O Brusselle, Fernando Rivadeneira, Oscar H Franco
OBJECTIVES: To design a frailty index (FI) and evaluate three methods to handle missing data. Furthermore, we evaluated its construct (i.e., skewed distribution, correlation with age and sub-maximum score) and criterion validity (based on mortality risk). STUDY DESIGN: We included 11,539 participants (45± years) from a population-based cohort in the Netherlands. Frailty was measured with a FI, which we constructed based on the accumulation of 45 health-related variables, related to mood, cognition, functional status, diseases and conditions, biomarkers, and nutritional status...
March 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155183/sarcopenia-an-overview
#10
Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Matteo Cesari, Mauro Di Bari, Antonio Cherubini, Agnese Collamati, Emanuela D'Angelo, Marco Pahor, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi
Sarcopenia, the age-dependent loss of muscle mass and function, is a common condition among older adults, and is associated with several adverse health outcomes. Owing to the impact of sarcopenia on quality of life, disability and mortality, a greater awareness is necessary in order to correctly identify the condition both in community and geriatric settings. Research on sarcopenia prevention and treatment is developing quickly, but many questions are still unanswered. The core of the sarcopenia condition involves quantitative and qualitative losses of skeletal muscle...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155181/nutrition-frailty-and-sarcopenia
#11
Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Eva Kiesswetter, Michael Drey, Cornel C Sieber
Frailty and sarcopenia are important concepts in the quest to prevent physical dependence, as geriatrics are shifting towards identifications of early stages of disability. Definitions of both sarcopenia and frailty are still developing, and both concepts clearly overlap in their physical aspects. Malnutrition (both undernutrition and obesity) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of frailty and sarcopenia. The quality of the diet along the lifespan has a close relation with the incidence of both entities, and nutritional interventions may be able to reduce the incidence or revert either of them...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144914/the-sarcopenia-and-physical-frailty-in-older-people-multi-component-treatment-strategies-sprintt-randomized-controlled-trial-design-and-methods
#12
Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Riccardo Calvani, Antonio Cherubini, Mauro Di Bari, Raphael Bejuit, Jerome Mshid, Sandrine Andrieu, Alan J Sinclair, Cornel C Sieber, Bruno Vellas, Eva Topinkova, Timo Strandberg, Leocadio Rodriguez-Manas, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Marco Pahor, Ronenn Roubenoff, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
The sustainability of health and social care systems is threatened by a growing population of older persons with heterogeneous needs related to multimorbidity, frailty, and increased risk of functional impairment. Since disability is difficult to reverse in old age and is extremely burdensome for individuals and society, novel strategies should be devised to preserve adequate levels of function and independence in late life. The development of mobility disability, an early event in the disablement process, precedes and predicts more severe forms of inability...
January 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122924/frailty-characteristics-and-preventive-home-visits-an-audit-on-elderly-patients-in-danish-general-practice
#13
Henriette Kirstine Christensen, Troels Kristensen, Merethe Kirstine Andersen, Jesper Lykkegaard
AIM: Preventive home visits (PHVs) to frail elderly patients, provided by the GP, have been widely promoted in many health care systems, including the Danish system. This study investigates to what extent PHVs are provided to patients with characteristics of frailty. METHODS: During a four-week period, GPs and their staff in three different parts of Denmark filled in a questionnaire for each patient aged 75 years or older who attended the clinic or received a home visit...
February 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112769/assessing-the-current-state-of-cognitive-frailty-measurement-properties
#14
L Sargent, R Brown
BACKGROUND: Currently, an estimated 25-30% of people ages 85 or older have dementia, with a projected 115 million people worldwide living with dementia by 2050. With this worldwide phenomenon fast approaching, early detection of at-risk older adults and development of interventions focused on preventing loss in quality of life are increasingly important. A new construct defined by the International Consensus Group (I.A.N.A/I.A.G.G) as «cognitive frailty» combines domains of physical frailty with cognitive impairment and provides a framework for research that may provide a means to identify individuals with cognitive impairment caused by nonneurodegenerative conditions...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099900/skeletal-muscle-aging-influence-of-oxidative-stress-and-physical-exercise
#15
REVIEW
Mariana Janini Gomes, Paula Felippe Martinez, Luana Urbano Pagan, Ricardo Luiz Damatto, Marcelo Diacardia Mariano Cezar, Aline Regina Ruiz Lima, Katashi Okoshi, Marina Politi Okoshi
Skeletal muscle abnormalities are responsible for significant disability in the elderly. Sarcopenia is the main alteration occurring during senescence and a key public health issue as it predicts frailty, poor quality of life, and mortality. Several factors such as reduced physical activity, hormonal changes, insulin resistance, genetic susceptibility, appetite loss, and nutritional deficiencies are involved in the physiopathology of muscle changes. Sarcopenia is characterized by structural, biochemical, molecular and functional muscle changes...
January 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096124/nutritional-considerations-for-healthy-aging-and-reduction-in-age-related-chronic-disease
#16
REVIEW
Julie Shlisky, David E Bloom, Amy R Beaudreault, Katherine L Tucker, Heather H Keller, Yvonne Freund-Levi, Roger A Fielding, Feon W Cheng, Gordon L Jensen, Dayong Wu, Simin N Meydani
A projected doubling in the global population of people aged ≥60 y by the year 2050 has major health and economic implications, especially in developing regions. Burdens of unhealthy aging associated with chronic noncommunicable and other age-related diseases may be largely preventable with lifestyle modification, including diet. However, as adults age they become at risk of "nutritional frailty," which can compromise their ability to meet nutritional requirements at a time when specific nutrient needs may be high...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091981/environmental-pollutants-limitations-in-physical-functioning-and-frailty-in-older-adults
#17
REVIEW
Esther García-Esquinas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Frailty is an age-related syndrome characterized by reductions in strength, endurance, and physiologic function that increase an individual's vulnerability for developing dependence or death. Extensive research is currently being conducted to determine preventable risk factors and mechanistic pathways of frailty. This review summarizes the existing evidence on the potential associations between environmental pollutants, limitations in physical functioning, and frailty among older adults...
January 16, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077832/-frailty-and-its-related-factors-in-vulnerable-elderly-population-by-age-groups
#18
Eunok Park, Mi Yu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate factors affecting frailty by age groups among vulnerable elders in Korea. METHODS: In this secondary analysis, data were collected from records for 22,868 eldesr registered in the Visiting Health Management program of Publci Health Centers in 2012. Health behaviors, clinically diagnosed disease, frailty, depression and cognitive condition were assessed. Data were analyzed using stepwise regression to determine the associated factors of frailty by age group...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076861/potential-applications-of-smart-multifunctional-wearable-materials-to-gerontology
#19
David G Armstrong, Bijan Najafi, Mohsen Shahinpoor
Smart multifunctional materials can play a constructive role in addressing some very important aging-related issues. Aging affects the ability of older adults to continue to live safely and economically in their own residences for as long as possible. Thus, there will be a greater need for preventive, acute, rehabilitative, and long-term health care services for older adults as well as a need for tools to enable them to function independently during daily activities. The objective of this paper is, thus, to present a comprehensive review of some potential smart materials and their areas of applications to gerontology...
January 12, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064173/interventions-to-prevent-or-reduce-the-level-of-frailty-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-and-international-policies
#20
REVIEW
Martine T E Puts, Samar Toubasi, Melissa K Andrew, Maureen C Ashe, Jenny Ploeg, Esther Atkinson, Ana Patricia Ayala, Angelique Roy, Miriam Rodríguez Monforte, Howard Bergman, Kathy McGilton
BACKGROUND: frailty impacts older adults' ability to recover from an acute illness, injuries and other stresses. Currently, a systematic synthesis of available interventions to prevent or reduce frailty does not exist. Therefore, we conducted a scoping review of interventions and international policies designed to prevent or reduce the level of frailty in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: we conducted a scoping review using the framework of Arksey and O'Malley. We systematically searched articles and grey literature to identify interventions and policies that aimed to prevent or reduce the level of frailty...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
keyword
keyword
109347
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"