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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805668/locally-sustainable-school-lunch-intervention-improves-hemoglobin-and-hematocrit-levels-and-body-mass-index-among-elementary-schoolchildren-in-rural-west-java-indonesia
#1
Makiko Sekiyama, Katrin Roosita, Ryutaro Ohtsuka
School lunch is not provided in public elementary schools in Indonesia, and students frequently buy and eat snacks at school. We hypothesized that providing a traditional Sundanese meal as school lunch would be beneficial for children in rural West Java. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the effect of a 1-month school lunch intervention aiming at sustainability and based on children's nutritional intake, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and body mass index (BMI). A lunch (including rice, vegetable dish, animal protein dish, plant protein dish, and fruit) containing one-third of the recommended daily allowance of energy was offered every school day for 1 month, targeting 68 fourth-grade elementary schoolchildren...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804649/trends-and-disparities-in-the-prevalence-of-childhood-obesity-in-south-texas-between-2009-and-2015
#2
Byron A Foster, Trevor M Maness, Christian A Aquino
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have highlighted possible decreases over time in obesity, particularly among children aged 2-5 years. Hispanic children experience significantly higher obesity rates, and less is known about trends for Hispanic children. METHODS: A large healthcare system-based dataset from south Texas was used to analyze body mass index (BMI) values obtained clinically from 2009 through 2015. Age and race/ethnicity specific prevalence of overweight and obesity were calculated using CDC standards and trends were examined over time using regression analyses, and mapping software was used to identify geographic variation...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802895/physical-activity-and-obesity-among-nine-year-old-children-with-and-without-chronic-health-problems-illness-or-disabilities-in-ireland
#3
Justin A Haegele, Sean Healy, Xihe Zhu
BACKGROUND: Regular engagement in physical activity can help youth control their weight during childhood while decreasing one's chances of developing chronic diseases (e.g., coronary heart disease, diabetes) throughout the lifespan. While numerous studies have explored physical activity participation and weight status among typically developing children, few epidemiological studies utilizing nationally representative data has focused on children with chronic health problems, illness, or disabilities (CHID)...
August 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802299/child-and-parental-perspectives-on-diet-and-physical-activity-decisions-implications-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-china
#4
Youfa Wang, Alice Fang Yan, Xinyu Shi, Huijun Wang, Zhiyong Wang, Joel Gittelsohn, Fei Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a global epidemic. In China, 42% of adults and about onefifth of children are overweight or obese. In major cities, about one-third of boys are overweight or obese. This study aimed to understand how children and parents in China make eating and physical activity (PA) decisions, considering individual, family, community, social, and environmental factors, and to collect parents' recommendations for interventions to promote healthy eating and physical activity...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802298/increased-pre-school-overweight-and-obesity-prevalence-between-2004-and-2013-is-associated-with-appetite-eating-frequency-and-supportive-facilities-the-jiaxing-birth-cohort-in-china
#5
Huijuan Liu, Ju-Sheng Zheng, Jing Li, Yu Chen, Wei Zhao, Tao Huang, Bo Yang, Duo Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is increasing. However, little is known about the changes in di-etary factors and supportive facilities associated with childhood obesity. We aimed to document the changes in various dietary factors and supportive facilities and their associations with obesity among pre-school children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Among 42,531 children 4-5 years old, recruited between 2004 and 2013 in the Jiax-ing Birth Cohort, we examined the changes in the prevalence of various dietary factors and supportive facilities and overweight/obesity over 10 years...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800814/phthalates-impact-human-health-epidemiological-evidences-and-plausible-mechanism-of-action
#6
REVIEW
Sailas Benjamin, Eiji Masai, Naofumi Kamimura, Kenji Takahashi, Robin C Anderson, Panichikkal Abdul Faisal
Disregarding the rising alarm on the hazardous nature of various phthalates and their metabolites, ruthless usage of phthalates as plasticizer in plastics and as additives in innumerable consumer products continues due low their cost, attractive properties, and lack of suitable alternatives. Globally, in silico computational, in vitro mechanistic, in vivo preclinical and limited clinical or epidemiological human studies showed that over a dozen phthalates and their metabolites ingested passively by man from the general environment, foods, drinks, breathing air, and routine household products cause various dysfunctions...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799493/association-between-apo-b-levels-in-mothers-and-in-their-pre-school-age-offspring
#7
Valeria Hirschler, Maximiliano Maximiliano Martin, Karen Oestreicher, Claudia Molinari, Laura Boero, Tetzlaff Walter, Fernando Brites
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between apo B levels in mothers and their pre-school offspring. METHODS: BMI, lipids, and apo B levels were obtained in mothers and their children in November 2015 in Buenos Aires. RESULTS: Eighty-four children (42M) aged 5.3±1.6 years and their mothers aged 33.8±7.2 years were examined. The prevalence of overweight was 39.2% (33) in mothers and 22.6%(19) in children, and the prevalence of obesity was 38...
August 11, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799014/breakfast-habits-dairy-product-consumption-physical-activity-and-their-associations-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-6-18
#8
Tugba Koca, Mustafa Akcam, Filiz Serdaroglu, Selim Dereci
The purpose of this study was to determine breakfast habits, dairy product consumption, and physical activity and their relations with body mass index (BMI) in schoolchildren and adolescents. This cross-sectional, school-based study was performed with children aged 6-18 years. Height and weight were measured, and a BMI z-score was calculated for each child. Breakfast consumption frequency, intake of milk and other dairy products, physical activity habits, and mothers' employment status were assessed via a self-report questionnaire...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798230/association-of-bmi-with-propofol-dosing-and-adverse-events-in-children-with-cancer-undergoing-procedural-sedation
#9
Colin M Rogerson, Kamal Abulebda, Michael J Hobson
OBJECTIVES: Obesity increases the risk of complications during pediatric procedural sedation. The risk of being underweight has not been evaluated in this arena. We therefore investigated the association of BMI with sedation dosing and adverse events in children across a range of BMIs. METHODS: A total of 1976 patients ages 2 to 21 years old with oncologic diagnoses underwent lumbar punctures and/or bone marrow aspirations. All children received a standard adjunctive dose of ketamine before sedation with propofol...
August 10, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797963/packed-nanofiber-solid-phase-extraction-coupled-with-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-for-the-determination-of-phthalate-esters-in-urines-from-children
#10
Zigang Tang, Lanling Chu, Yu Wang, Yuan Song, Ping Liu, Jinhui Fan, Jinjin Huang, Xiongwei Liu, Lanlan Wei, Chen Li, Renshan Zhao, Xuejun Kang
In this paper, we developed a rapid and safe method based on packed-fiber solid-phase extraction (PFSPE) system coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the determination of four phthalate esters (PAEs), diethyl-o-phthalate (DEP), dibutyl-o-phthalate (DBP), di (2-ethylhexyl) phathalate (DEHP), di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP), in urine samples. The PAEs in urine samples (500μL) were rapidly cleaned up from urines using polystyrene (PS) nanofibers packed micro-columns fitted on a PFSPE pretreatment device, which can process up to 12 samples simultaneously in 5min...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796794/factors-associated-with-stunting-in-healthy-children-aged-5-years-and-less-living-in-bangui-rca
#11
Pascale Vonaesch, Laura Tondeur, Sébastien Breurec, Petula Bata, Liem Binh Luong Nguyen, Thierry Frank, Alain Farra, Clotaire Rafaï, Tamara Giles-Vernick, Jean Chrysostome Gody, Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache, Philippe Sansonetti, Muriel Vray
Stunting remains a major public health concern worldwide. Although its global prevalence is slowly decreasing, the actual number of affected children is still rising in Sub-Saharan Africa. In the Central African Republic (CAR), about one third of all children below the age of five are stunted. Stunting is correlated with many long-term consequences, including poor cognitive development and a higher rate of morbidity and mortality, making stunting a major contributor to poverty. In CAR, little is known about the factors that contribute to stunting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793987/testing-the-direction-of-effects-between-child-body-composition-and-restrictive-feeding-practices-results-from-a-population-based-cohort
#12
Ivonne Pm Derks, Henning Tiemeier, Eric Jg Sijbrands, Jan M Nicholson, Trudy Voortman, Frank C Verhulst, Vincent Wv Jaddoe, Pauline W Jansen
Background: Parental restrictive feeding (i.e., limiting food intake of children) has been linked to childhood overweight. However, the directionality of the causal pathway remains unknown.Objective: The objectives of this study were to examine the bidirectional association of maternal restrictive feeding with children's weight and body composition across childhood and to explore a possible mediating role of maternal concern about child weight.Design: Data were available for 4689 mother-child dyads participating in Generation R, a prospective birth cohort in the Netherlands...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793919/prevention-of-diabetes-in-overweight-obese-children-through-a-family-based-intervention-program-including-supervised-exercise-predikid-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Lide Arenaza, María Medrano, María Amasene, Beatriz Rodríguez-Vigil, Ignacio Díez, Manuel Graña, Ignacio Tobalina, Edurne Maiz, Edurne Arteche, Eider Larrarte, Inge Huybrechts, Catherine L Davis, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Javier Margareto, Idoia Labayen
BACKGROUND: The global pandemic of obesity has led to an increased risk for prediabetes and type-2 diabetes (T2D). The aims of the current project are: (1) to evaluate the effect of a 22-week family based intervention program, including supervised exercise, on insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) risk in children with a high risk of developing T2D and (2) to identify the profile of microRNA in circulating exosomes and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in children with a high risk of developing T2D and its response to a multidisciplinary intervention program including exercise...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793199/impact-of-obesity-on-outcomes-in-critically-ill-children
#14
Esther T Davis, Li Xie, Yosef Levenbrown
PURPOSE: To examine whether obesity confers a protective effect on critically ill pediatric patients, similar to what has been reported in critically ill adults. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including patients aged 2-18 years admitted to a 24-bed pediatric intensive care unit from 2009 to 2014. Patients were divided into 1 of 3 weight categories: normal weight (body mass index [BMI], 5%-84.9%), overweight (BMI, 85%-94.9%), and obese (BMI ≥95%). Outcomes investigated included mortality, need for intubation, need for inotropic support, and duration of mechanical ventilation...
August 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791978/comparison-of-obesity-overweight-and-elevated-blood-pressure-in-children-attending-public-and-private-primary-schools-in-benin-city-nigeria
#15
W E Sadoh, Y T Israel-Aina, A E Sadoh, J E Uduebor, M Shaibu, E Ogonor, F C Enugwuna
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in children, and adolescents is on the rise globally. Affected children are prone to cardio-metabolic problems later in life, especially hypertension. The prevalence of obesity/overweight may differ depending on school type. Private schools are attended mostly by children of the affluent, while public schools are attended predominantly by those in the low and middle socio-economic classes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of overweight, obesity and elevated blood pressure (BP) in pupils attending public and private primary schools in an urban community in Nigeria...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791284/overfat-adults-and-children-in-developed-countries-the-public-health-importance-of-identifying-excess-body-fat
#16
Philip B Maffetone, Ivan Rivera-Dominguez, Paul B Laursen
The global overfat pandemic is a serious public health crisis that places a substantial burden on economic resources in developed countries. The term overfat refers to the presence of excess body fat that can impair health, even for normal weight non-obese individuals. Excess body fat is associated with cardiometabolic dysfunction, a clinical situation that can progressively worsen, potentially leading to various common disease risk factors, chronic diseases, increased morbidity and mortality, and reduced quality of life...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789992/a-whole-brain-volumetric-approach-in-overweight-obese-children-examining-the-association-with-different-physical-fitness-components-and-academic-performance-the-activebrains-project
#17
Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Oren Contreras-Rodriguez, Juan Verdejo-Roman, Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Jairo H Migueles, Pontus Henriksson, Catherine L Davis, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, Andrés Catena, Francisco B Ortega
Obesity, as compared to normal weight, is associated with detectable structural differences in the brain. To the best of our knowledge, no previous study has examined the association of physical fitness with gray matter volume in overweight/obese children using whole brain analyses. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the association between the key components of physical fitness (i.e. cardiorespiratory fitness, speed-agility and muscular fitness) and brain structural volume, and to assess whether fitness-related changes in brain volumes are related to academic performance in overweight/obese children...
August 5, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782888/physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-associations-with-metabolic-health-across-weight-statuses-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Nicholas Kuzik, Valerie Carson, Lars Bo Andersen, Luís B Sardinha, Anders Grøntved, Bjørge Herman Hansen, Ulf Ekelund
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic health across weight statuses and the associations of physical activity and sedentary time within and across metabolic health-weight status groups. METHODS: Six studies (n = 4,581) from the International Children's Accelerometry Database were used. Sedentary time, light physical activity, and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were accelerometer derived. Individuals were classified with normal weight (NW), overweight, or obesity...
August 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780567/association-between-childhood-health-socioeconomic-and-school-related-factors-and-effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-a-25-year-follow-up-study
#19
Shuo Wang, Kristy Sanderson, Alison Venn, Terence Dwyer, Seana Gall
OBJECTIVES: Stress pathways can have origins in childhood, but few early predictors have been explored in relation to adult job stress. This study examined whether childhood school, health or socioeconomic factors were associated with adult job stress. METHODS: Data came from the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study that began in 1985 with children aged 7-15 years who reported effortreward imbalance (ERI) scales at ages 31-41 years. Linear regression assessed the association between childhood factors and adult ERI adjusted for age and socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood and adulthood...
August 5, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777773/comparative-performance-of-pediatric-weight-estimation-techniques-a-human-factor-errors-analysis
#20
Susan M Abdel-Rahman, Ryan Jacobsen, Jennifer L Watts, Stacy L Doyle, Donna M OʼMalley, Tiffany D Hefner, M Denise Dowd
OBJECTIVE: We compared performance characteristics of 7 weight estimation methods examining predictive performance and human factors errors. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 80 emergency care providers (raters) and 80 children aged 2 months to 16 years. Raters estimated weights in 5 children with the following 7 strategies: visual estimation, Advanced Pediatric Life Support, Luscombe and Owens, Broselow tape, devised weight estimation method, 2D Mercy TAPE (2DT), and 3D Mercy TAPE (3DT)...
August 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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