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Overweight in childrens

Mei-Wei Chang, Susan Nitzke, Roger Brown
BACKGROUND: Mothers in Motion (MIM), a community-based intervention program, was designed to help young, low-income women with overweight or obesity prevent further weight gain by promoting stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper presents the MIM's intervention effect on self-efficacy to cope with stress, emotional coping response, social support for stress management, stress, depressive symptoms, and positive and negative affect. METHODS: Participants (N = 612) were recruited from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children in Michigan...
January 14, 2019: BMC Public Health
Mohammad Sorowar Hossain, Mahbubul H Siddiqee, Shameema Ferdous, Marzia Faruki, Rifat Jahan, Shah Md Shahik, Enayetur Raheem, Anthony D Okely
Childhood obesity is rapidly rising in many developing countries such as Bangladesh; however, the factors responsible for this increase are not well understood. Being the primary caregivers of children, particularly in developing countries, maternal perceptions and knowledge could be important factors influencing the weight status of children. This study aimed to assess maternal perceptions of childhood obesity and associated socio-demographic factors in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study using stratified random sampling was conducted among 585 mothers whose children aged 4 to 7 years attended preschools in a district town...
January 12, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Nur Nabilla A Rahim, Yit Siew Chin, Norhasmah Sulaiman
Considering the double burden of malnutrition in Malaysia, data on malnourished children living in welfare homes are limited. This study aimed to determine the body weight status of children living in welfare homes and its associated factors. A total of 307 children aged 7⁻17 years old living in 15 selected welfare homes completed a standardized questionnaire, and their body weight and height were measured by trained researchers. There were 54.4% orphans, 23.8% abandoned children, and 21.8% children from problematic families...
January 11, 2019: Nutrients
Homeira Rashidi, Azam Erfanifar, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Seyed Peyman Payami, Armaghan Moravej Aleali
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of obesity, overweight and hypertension in children and adolescents aged 10-15 in Ahvaz. METHODS: This is a epidemiologic study performed on 176 people aged 10-15 in Ahvaz. In 2009, 300 people underwent weight, height and blood pressure measurements. Five years later, the same people were reassessed for obesity, overweight and hypertension, of whom a total of 176 people agreed to repeat the procedure...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Hayder A Al-Domi, Ahmad Faqih, Ziad Jaradat, Anfal Al-Dalaeen, Saied Jaradat, Batool Amarneh
OBJECTIVE: To identify certain risk factors associated with childhood obesity related to lifestyle; dietary patterns, physical activity, and sedentary behavior. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 977 schoolchildren (473 boys and 449 girls) aged 7-18 years. Children were selected randomly from three main cities in Jordan: Amman, Irbid, and Mafraq by using multistage cluster sampling method. Sedentary behaviors, physical activity and child eating behaviors were measured by using validated questionnaires...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Roseanne C Schuster, Megan Szpak, Elizabeth Klein, Kelsey Sklar, Katherine L Dickin
Although there is increased focus on behavior change programs targeting parents to promote healthy child feeding, success of these programs has been limited. To close this gap, we sought to understand parents' goals for child feeding and their motivations, abilities, and contextual environment that challenged or enabled goal achievement, with a focus on parents' own childhood food experiences. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews (n = 21) with low-income parents of at least one child aged 3-11 years in three semi-rural counties in upstate New York to explore their emic perspectives on child feeding goals and practices...
January 11, 2019: Appetite
David A Imber, Neal J Thomas, Nadir Yehya
OBJECTIVES: The impact of tidal volume on outcomes in mechanically ventilated children with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome remains unclear. To date, observational investigations have failed to calculate tidal volume based on standardized corrections of weight. We investigated the impact of tidal volume on mortality and probability of extubation in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome using ideal body weight-adjusted tidal volume. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of an ongoing prospective cohort of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome patients...
January 11, 2019: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Arianna Amália Dégi, Adrienn Bárczi, Dolóresz Szabó, Éva Kis, György S Reusz, Antal Dezsőfi
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases play a leading role in the mortality of adult liver transplant (LT) recipients. However, data regarding CV risk factors in children after LT remain sparse. The present study assessed the presence of CV risk factors and signs of CV impairment in LT children. METHODS: A total of 42 LT recipients (21 males, age 9.93 ± 3.57 years) were studied. Body composition (body mass index SDS score, percentage of body fat (by bioimpedance analysis)), lipid profiles, glycemic control, blood pressure and arterial stiffness (assessed by aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV)) were evaluated...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Salman M Albeshan, Syeda Z Hossain, Martin G Mackey, Jennifer K Peat, Fatina M Al Tahan, Patrick C Brennan
PURPOSE: Improved mammographic sensitivity is associated with reduced mammographic density. This study aims to: provide a preliminary report on mammographic density among women in Riyadh; identify risk factors associated with mammographic density; and consider the potential implications for screening practices. METHODS: Based on a cross-sectional design, we examined a total of 792 women using an area-based mammographic density method (LIBRA). Spearman's correlation, Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis and binary logistic regression were used for analyses...
January 6, 2019: Clinical Imaging
A Badaoui, P Tounian, E Mahé
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular and/or metabolic comorbidity in adults, but discordant data have been reported in children. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of metabolic and cardiovascular comorbidity in children with psoriasis and to establish whether age at onset of psoriasis correlates with metabolic and cardiovascular comorbidity in adulthood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review on MEDLINE, using PubMed and Ovid...
January 10, 2019: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Dawn M Eichen, David R Strong, Kyung E Rhee, Cheryl L Rock, Scott J Crow, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley, Kerri N Boutelle
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether children with overweight or obesity participating in an evidence-based treatment, family-based behavioral treatment (FBT) for obesity, or a parent-only variant of FBT (PBT), experience an increase of eating disorder (ED) symptoms during and following treatment. METHOD: Children (N = 150) participating in a randomized controlled trial of FBT or PBT completed measures of EDs attitudes and behaviors at baseline, following 6-months of treatment, 6 months, and 18 months after treatment...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Andrea Martinez-Ospina, Christopher R Sudfeld, Silvia A González, Olga L Sarmiento
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, the prevalence of overweight/obesity in children has increased by 26% in the past 5 years. School food environment may be an important contributor and offers opportunities for effective intervention. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 7- to 14-year-old schoolchildren from 10 schools in Bogotá, Colombia. We examined the school food environment and the relationship of individual-level consumption, and physical activity with overweight/obesity, measured by body mass index and percentage body fat...
January 13, 2019: Journal of School Health
Dervla Kelly, Alan Kelly, Tom O'Dowd, Catherine B Hayes
BACKGROUND: Taking oral antibiotics during childhood has been linked with an increased risk of childhood obesity. This study assessed any potential association in number of courses of antibiotics taken between 2-3 and 4-5 years of age and body mass trajectory up to age 5. METHODS: The study was a secondary analysis of 8186 children and their parents from the infant cohort of the Irish National Longitudinal Study of Children. Antibiotic use was measured by parental recall between ages 2-3 and 4-5...
January 12, 2019: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Yu Liu, Anne Roefs, Jessica Werthmann, Chantal Nederkoorn
OBJECTIVE: Empirical evidence of attentional bias (AB) for food in obese and restrained eaters is contradictory. It has been suggested that AB for food in obese people might reflect both food craving and food-related concerns. Thus, AB for food may be a dynamic process. METHODS: A new computational methodology (Zvielli, Bernstein, & Koster, 2015) was adopted to reanalyze the reaction time (RT) and dwell time of three food-related dot-probe task with eye-tracking studies (Werthmann et al...
January 8, 2019: Appetite
Steven G Chrysant, George S Chrysant
Overweight and obesity in children and adults have significantly risen in the US and worldwide due to biological, environmental, and cultural drivers and account for about 2.1 billion people. In addition, obesity, even metabolically healthy, is a major risk factor for the metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, all significant causes of cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary heart disease (CHD) heart failure (HF) and stroke. However, despite these causative effects, overweight and obesity frequently, confer a protection in patients with established CVD, CHD, HF, and hypertension, compared to normal weight persons, the so called "obesity paradox"...
January 11, 2019: Postgraduate Medicine
Vira Yakovenko, Markus Bettendorf, Natalia Zelinska, Galyna Soloviova, Georg F Hoffmann, Semih Bolu, Juergen Grulich Henn
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence are rapidly increasing and influenced by genetic, familial, environmental, socioeconomic and cultural factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare risk factors for childhood obesity in Ukraine (UA) and Germany (DE) using comparable investigative tools. METHODS: Two groups of children aged 8 to 18 years in DE (93 children) and UA (95 children) were divided into children with overweight and with obesity...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Mauro Batista de Morais, Giselia Alves Pontes da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the current indicators of environmental enteric dysfunction and its association with linear growth deficit and the height-for-age anthropometric indicator. DATA SOURCES: Narrative review with articles identified in PubMed and Scopus databases using combinations of the following words: environmental, enteric, dysfunction, enteropathy, and growth, as well as the authors' personal records. DATA SYNTHESIS: In the last 15 years, new non-invasive markers have been investigated to characterize environmental enteric dysfunction; however, the best tests to be used have not yet been identified...
January 7, 2019: Jornal de Pediatria
Chandima P Karunanayake, Khalid Amin, Sylvia Abonyi, James A Dosman, Punam Pahwa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of asthma in Aboriginal adolescents in Canada based on the Canadian Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) 2012. Few studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors of asthma in Aboriginal adolescents in Canada. METHODS: Data from the cross-sectional APS 2012 were analyzed to accomplish the objective. Logistic regression analysis was utilized to determine significant risk factors of lifetime diagnosis of asthma among Aboriginal adolescents...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Diana P Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Jorge C García-Prieto, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Montserrat Solera-Martínez, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Ana Díez-Fernández, Abel Ruiz-Hermosa, Mairena Sánchez-López
OBJECTIVE: To test a physical activity intervention (MOVI-KIDS) on obesity indicators, physical fitness and blood pressure (BP) in children. METHODS: A crossover randomised cluster trial was conducted, which comprised 1434 children (4-7 years old) from 21 schools in the provinces of Cuenca and Ciudad Real in the Castilla-La Mancha region of Spain. The intervention consisted of three 60 min sessions/week on weekdays between October 2013 and May 2014. Changes in anthropometric variables, physical fitness and BP parameters were measured...
January 9, 2019: British Journal of Sports Medicine
A A Adane, L R Tooth, G D Mishra
While birthweight of offspring is associated with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and later risk of obesity, its mediating effect between the association of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and offspring's childhood anthropometrics has rarely been investigated. This study aimed to examine whether offspring birthweight is a mediator in the association between pre-pregnancy BMI and offspring's childhood anthropometrics. The study included 1,618 mother-child pairs from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health and Mothers and their Children's Health Study...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
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