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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213684/quality-of-life-improves-in-children-and-adolescents-during-a-community-based-overweight-and-obesity-treatment
#2
Pernille M Mollerup, Tenna R H Nielsen, Christine Bøjsøe, Julie T Kloppenborg, Jennifer L Baker, Jens-Christian Holm
PURPOSE: The quality of life is compromised in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the quality of life improves during a community-based overweight and obesity treatment, and whether improvements depend on reductions in the degree of obesity. METHODS: Quality of life was assessed using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 in children and adolescents aged 3-18 years with overweight or obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile] upon entry into a community-based chronic care overweight and obesity treatment based upon The Children's Obesity Clinic's Treatment protocol, and upon follow-up after 10-30 months of treatment...
February 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213204/a-description-of-an-obesogenic-eating-style-that-promotes-higher-energy-intake-and-is-associated-with-greater-adiposity-in-4-5year-old-children-results-from-the-gusto-cohort
#3
Anna Fogel, Ai Ting Goh, Lisa R Fries, Suresh Anand Sadananthan, S Sendhil Velan, Navin Michael, Mya Thway Tint, Marielle Valerie Fortier, Mei Jun Chan, Jia Ying Toh, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Lynette P Shek, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman, Yung Seng Lee, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Ciarán G Forde
Recent findings confirm that faster eating rates support higher energy intakes within a meal and are associated with increased body weight and adiposity in children. The current study sought to identify the eating behaviours that underpin faster eating rates and energy intake in children, and to investigate their variations by weight status and other individual differences. Children (N=386) from the Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) cohort took part in a video-recorded ad libitum lunch at 4...
February 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213201/respiratory-load-perception-in-overweight-and-asthmatic-children
#4
Victoria MacBean, Lorna Wheatley, Alan C Lunt, Gerrard F Rafferty
Overweight asthmatic children report greater symptoms than normal weight asthmatics, despite comparable airflow obstruction. This has been widely assumed to be due to heightened perception of respiratory effort. Three groups of children (healthy weight controls, healthy weight asthmatics, overweight asthmatics) rated perceived respiratory effort throughout an inspiratory resistive loading protocol. Parasternal intercostal electromyogram was used as an objective marker of respiratory load; this was expressed relative to tidal volume and reported as a ratio of the baseline value (neuroventilatory activity ratio (NVEAR))...
February 14, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212686/validity-of-a-simplified-screening-instrument-for-assessing-overweight-children-in-a-dental-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Amir Azarpazhooh, Anoushe Sekhavat, Michael J Sigal
BACKGROUND: Obesity, with its rising prevalence among Canadians and its estimated cost of $2 billion annually in Canada, is no longer considered a cosmetic issue, but a major health issue that imposes a great burden on the healthcare system and economy. This cross sectional study aims to evaluate the feasibility of identifying the weight status of 6 to 11 year-old children in a university dental clinic using a simplified overweight screening instrument. METHODS: One hundred sixty eight healthy children were enrolled...
February 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212303/associations-of-overweight-obesity-and-related-factors-with-sleep-related-breathing-disorders-and-snoring-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Yue Ma, Liping Peng, Changgui Kou, Shucheng Hua, Haibo Yuan
Background: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) have been identified as a major public health problem closely related to adolescent obesity. We aimed to estimate the prevalences of SRBD and snoring in adolescents in Changchun City, Northeastern China, and to evaluate the associated factors in this population. Methods: In total, 1955 adolescents aged 11-18 years were recruited in Changchun City using stratified cluster sampling. Parents and caretakers of children completed the questionnaires, which included demographic characteristics, anthropometric parameters and a pediatric sleep questionnaire (SRBD scale)...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210936/does-obesity-affect-the-non-invasive-measurement-of-cardiac-output-performed-by-electrical-cardiometry-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Eva Welisch, Ralf Rauch, Michael Miller, Teresa Sohee Park, Kambiz Norozi
Electrical cardiometry (EC) is a non-invasive and inexpensive method for hemodynamic assessment and monitoring. However, its feasibility for widespread clinical use, especially for the obese population, has yet to be determined. In this study, we evaluated the agreement and reliability of EC compared to transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTE) in normal, overweight, and obese children and adolescents. We measured stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) of 131 participants using EC and TTE simultaneously...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209703/determining-rates-of-overweight-and-obese-status-in-children-using-electronic-medical-records-cross-sectional-study
#8
Catherine S Birken, Karen Tu, William Oud, Sarah Carsley, Miranda Hanna, Gerald Lebovic, Astrid Guttmann
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obese status in children by age, sex, and visit type, using data from EMRALD(®) (Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database). DESIGN: Heights and weights were abstracted for children 0 to 19 years of age who had at least one well-child visit from January 2010 to December 2011. Using the most recent visit, the proportions and 95% CIs of patients defined as overweight and obese were compared by age group, sex, and visit type using the World Health Organization growth reference standards...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208968/school-based-multicomponent-intervention-for-obese-children-in-udupi-district-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Baby S Nayak, Vinod H Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity and overweight is a global epidemics and has been increasing in the developing countries. Childhood obesity is linked with increased mortality and morbidity independent of adult obesity. Declining physical activity, access to junk food and parenting style are the major determinants of overweight in children. Thus, there is a need for increasing the physical activity of children, educating the parents as well as the children on lifestyle modification. This can be achieved through implementation of multicomponent intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208043/the-australasian-diabetes-data-network-first-national-audit-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#10
Helen Phelan, Helen Clapin, Loren Bruns, Fergus J Cameron, Andrew M Cotterill, Jennifer J Couper, Elizabeth A Davis, Kim C Donaghue, Craig A Jefferies, Bruce R King, Richard O Sinnott, Elaine B Tham, Jerry K Wales, Timothy W Jones, Maria E Craig
OBJECTIVES: To assess glycaemic control, anthropometry and insulin regimens in a national sample of Australian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of de-identified, prospectively collected data from the Australasian Diabetes Data Network (ADDN) registry. SETTING: Five paediatric diabetes centres in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Children and adolescents (aged 18 years or under) with type 1 diabetes of at least 12 months' duration for whom data were added to the ADDN registry during 2015...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207729/proposed-new-industry-code-on-unhealthy-food-marketing-to-children-and-young-people-will-it-make-a-difference
#11
Boyd Swinburn, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Alistair Woodward, Andrew Hornblow, Ann Richardson, Barbara Burlingame, Barry Borman, Barry Taylor, Bernhard Breier, Bruce Arroll, Bernadette Drummond, Cameron Grant, Chris Bullen, Clare Wall, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, David Cameron-Smith, David Menkes, David Murdoch, Dee Mangin, Diana Lennon, Diana Sarfati, Doug Sellman, Elaine Rush, Faafetai Sopoaga, George Thomson, Gerry Devlin, Gillian Abel, Harvey White, Jane Coad, Janet Hoek, Jennie Connor, Jeremy Krebs, Jeroen Douwes, Jim Mann, John McCall, John Broughton, John D Potter, Les Toop, Lesley McCowan, Louise Signal, Lutz Beckert, Mark Elwood, Marlena Kruger, Mauro Farella, Michael Baker, Michael Keall, Murray Skeaff, Murray Thomson, Nick Wilson, Nicholas Chandler, Papaarangi Reid, Patricia Priest, Paul Brunton, Peter Crampton, Peter Davis, Philip Gendall, Philippa Howden-Chapman, Rachael Taylor, Richard Edwards, Robert Beaglehole, Robert Doughty, Robert Scragg, Robin Gauld, Robert McGee, Rod Jackson, Roger Hughes, Roger Mulder, Ruth Bonita, Rozanne Kruger, Sally Casswell, Sarah Derrett, Shanthi Ameratunga, Simon Denny, Simon Hales, Sue Pullon, Susan Wells, Tim Cundy, Tony Blakely
Reducing the exposure of children and young people to the marketing of unhealthy foods is a core strategy for reducing the high overweight and obesity prevalence in this population. The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) has recently reviewed its self-regulatory codes and proposed a revised single code on advertising to children. This article evaluates the proposed code against eight criteria for an effective code, which were included in a submission to the ASA review process from over 70 New Zealand health professors...
February 17, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205275/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-youth-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity
#12
Andrea E Kass, Kelly Theim Hurst, Rachel P Kolko, Elizabeth B Ruzicka, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Youth Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (YEDE-Q) and its utility for detecting loss of control (LOC) eating (i.e., eating episodes, regardless of size, involving a perceived inability to control what or how much one is eating) among school-age children with overweight or obesity. Identifying eating pathology, particularly LOC eating, in this population may facilitate treatment that improves weight outcomes and reduces eating disorder risk. Children with overweight or obesity (N = 241; 7-11 years) completed the YEDE-Q and abbreviated Child EDE (ChEDE) to assess LOC eating, prior to entering a weight management treatment trial...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199739/obesity-in-children-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-in-the-minnesota-cohort-importance-of-adjusting-body-mass-index-for-height-age
#13
Kyriakie Sarafoglou, Gregory P Forlenza, O Yaw Addo, Jennifer Kyllo, Aida Lteif, P C Hindmarsh, Anna Petryk, Maria Teresa Gonzalez-Bolanos, Bradley S Miller, William Thomas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate obesity and overweight in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), and associations with glucocorticoids, fludrocortisone and disease control. Adjusting body mass index for-height-age (BMIHA ) percentile is proposed to correct misclassification of obese/overweight status in CAH children with advanced bone age and tall-for-age stature. DESIGN: Longitudinal. PATIENTS: 194 children with CAH seen from 1970-2013: 124 salt-wasting (SW); 70 simple-virilizing (SV); 102 females...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194417/developing-intervention-strategies-to-optimise-body-composition-in-early-childhood-in-south-africa
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Catherine E Draper, Simone A Tomaz, Matthew Stone, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A Jones, Johann Louw, Rhian Twine, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A Norris
Purpose. The purpose of this research was to collect data to inform intervention strategies to optimise body composition in South African preschool children. Methods. Data were collected in urban and rural settings. Weight status, physical activity, and gross motor skill assessments were conducted with 341 3-6-year-old children, and 55 teachers and parents/caregivers participated in focus groups. Results. Overweight and obesity were a concern in low-income urban settings (14%), but levels of physical activity and gross motor skills were adequate across all settings...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192499/vitamin-d-status-in-pediatric-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#15
Benjamin Udoka Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Ninfa Candela
IMPORTANCE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with significant morbidity in children and adolescents, and the therapeutic efficacy of available treatment options is limited. The role of vitamin D supplementation in pediatric IBS is unclear as the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS is unknown. Equally, the relationship of vitamin D status with psychosomatic symptoms in children and adolescents is unclear. AIM: To characterize the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS using a case-control study design...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191881/assessment-of-child-anthropometry-in-a-large-epidemiologic-study
#16
Amy L Louer, Denise N Simon, Karen M Switkowski, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman, Emily Oken
A high proportion of children have overweight and obesity in the United States and other countries. Accurate assessment of anthropometry is essential to understand health effects of child growth and adiposity. Gold standard methods of measuring adiposity, such as dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), may not be feasible in large field studies. Research staff can, however, complete anthropometric measurements, such as body circumferences and skinfold measurements, using inexpensive portable equipment. In this protocol we detail how to obtain manual anthropometric measurements from children, including standing and sitting height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, and subscapular skinfold thickness, and procedures to assess the quality of these measurements...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188053/exposure-of-portuguese-children-to-the-novel-non-phthalate-plasticizer-di-iso-nonyl-cyclohexane-1-2-dicarboxylate-dinch
#17
Luísa Correia-Sá, André Schütze, Sónia Norberto, Conceição Calhau, Valentina F Domingues, Holger M Koch
Di-(iso-nonyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DINCH) is used as substitute for high molecular weight phthalate plasticizers such as di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-(iso-nonyl) phthalate (DINP). Due to a rapid substitution process, we must assume omnipresent and increasing DINCH exposures. The aim of this study was to evaluate DINCH exposure in 112 children (4-18years old) from Portugal, divided in two groups: 1) normal-/underweight following the usual diet; and 2) obese/overweight but under strict nutritional guidance...
February 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187726/results-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-of-weight-gain-program-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-young-mothers-mothers-in-motion
#18
Mei-Wei Chang, Roger Brown, Susan Nitzke
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a community-based lifestyle behavioral intervention, was designed and conducted to help low-income overweight and obese young mothers prevent further weight gain via promotion of stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper presents intervention effect on body weight (primary outcome) and summarizes lessons learned. METHODS: Participants (N = 612) were recruited from 7 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) offices in Michigan and were individually randomized to an intervention n= 410) or a comparison (n =202) group (2: 1 ratio)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187722/effectiveness-of-differing-levels-of-support-for-family-meals-on-obesity-prevention-among-head-start-preschoolers-the-simply-dinner-study
#19
Holly E Brophy-Herb, Mildred Horodynski, Dawn Contreras, Jean Kerver, Niko Kaciroti, Mara Stein, Hannah Jong Lee, Brittany Motz, Sheilah Hebert, Erika Prine, Candace Gardiner, Laurie A Van Egeren, Julie C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Despite slight decreases in obesity prevalence in children, nearly 25% of preschool-aged children are overweight or obese. Most interventions focused on promoting family meals as an obesity-prevention strategy target meal planning skills, knowledge and modeling of healthy eating without addressing the practical resources that enable implementation of family meals. There is a striking lack of evidence about what level of resources low-income parents need to implement family meals...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183786/extracellular-rnas-are-associated-with-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-phenotypes
#20
Ravi Shah, Venkatesh Murthy, Michael Pacold, Kirsty Danielson, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Martin G Larson, Kristina Hanspers, Alexander Pico, Eric Mick, Jared Reis, Sarah de Ferranti, Elizaveta Freinkman, Daniel Levy, Udo Hoffmann, Stavroula Osganian, Saumya Das, Jane E Freedman
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance (IR) is a hallmark of obesity and metabolic disease. Circulating extracellular RNAs (ex-RNAs), stable RNA molecules in plasma, may play a role in IR, though most studies on ex-RNAs in IR are small. We sought to characterize the relationship between ex-RNAs and metabolic phenotypes in a large community-based human cohort. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured circulating plasma ex-RNAs in 2,317 participants without diabetes in the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) Offspring Cohort at cycle 8 and defined associations between ex-RNAs and IR (measured by circulating insulin level)...
February 9, 2017: Diabetes Care
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