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Overweight in childrens

Stefan Kuhle, Adam Muir, Christy G Woolcott, Mary M Brown, Sarah D McDonald, Mohamed Abdolell, Linda Dodds
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The association between maternal pre-pregnancy obesity and adverse child health outcomes is well described, but there are few data on the relationship with offspring health service use. We examined the influence of maternal pre-pregnancy obesity on offspring health care utilization and costs over the first 18 years of life. METHODS: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of children (n = 35,090) born between 1989 and 1993 and their mothers, who were identified using the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database and linked to provincial administrative health data from birth through 2014...
July 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Hope Bussenius, Angela M Zeck, Bryan Williams, Angela Haynes-Ferere
INTRODUCTION: Elevated blood pressure is becoming increasingly common in the pediatric population. Hypertension costs nearly $51 billion/year, and cardiovascular disease is responsible for 17% of the nation's health care expenditures. Traditionally, time-consuming and complicated interpretation standards result in infrequent pediatric blood pressure screenings. This may lead to the under-diagnosis of pediatric hypertension. Early detection of elevated blood pressure is important in order to prevent hypertension related conditions such as, target organ damage, left ventricular hypertrophy, and cerebrovascular disease...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Danhong Chen, Edward C Jaenicke, Richard J Volpe
PURPOSE: Despite the growth of food-away-from-home expenditures, food-at-home (FAH) expenditures still constitute the majority of American families' food dollars. The FAH expenditures may have important impacts on children's diets and, consequently, their weight statuses. This study examined the association between the composition of FAH expenditures and childhood overweight or obesity. DESIGN: We compiled a longitudinal data set from the 2010 to 2012 IRI Consumer Panel and its associated MedProfiler surveys...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Jacqueline Limjoco, Courtney D Thornburg
INTRODUCTION: The origins of cardiovascular disease (CVD) begin in childhood. The primary objective of this cross-sectional cohort study was to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with congenital haemophilia A or B followed at Rady Children's Hospital San Diego Hemophilia and Thrombosis Treatment Center (HTC). We hypothesized that cardiovascular risk factors could be identified as part of a comprehensive clinic visit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized measurement of weight, height, waist circumference and blood pressure plus non-fasting glucose and lipid panel were performed...
July 13, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Tanja Matarma, Hanna Lagström, Saija Hurme, Tuija Tammelin, Janne Kulmala, Lisa M Barnett, Pasi Koski
PURPOSE: This study examined how motor skills are associated with physical activity (PA), sedentary time, body fat, and day care attendance among young children. Also, the motor skills of healthy weight children were compared to those who were overweight or obese. METHODS: The study population consisted of five to six years-old children (n=111; 45 boys) who participated in the longitudinal STEPS Study carried out in Southwest Finland in 2013-2014. Motor skills were measured with the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test, second edition (BOT-2) including fine manual control, manual coordination, body coordination, and strength and agility...
July 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Alemu Gebrie, Animut Alebel, Abriham Zegeye, Bekele Tesfaye, Aster Ferede
Background: Overweight and obesity can be defined as excessive and abnormal fat depositions in our body. They have become one of the emerging and serious public health concerns of the twenty-first century in low income countries like Ethiopia. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the pooled prevalence and review associated risk factors of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Ethiopia. Method: The articles were identified through explicit and reproducible electronic search of reputable databases (PubMed, Google scholar, Science Direct, EMBASE, Cochrane library), and the hand search of reference lists of previous prevalence studies to retrieve more related articles...
2018: BMC Obesity
Touran Shahraki, Mansour Shahraki, Ivor D Hill
Introduction: A small number of overweight and obese children with celiac disease (CD) has been reported. Aim: To estimate the prevalence of obesity, underweight and normal weight in a group of Iranian pediatric patients. Material and methods: In a retrospective study from 2007 to 2015, 225 children less than 18 years old with biopsy-proven CD were enrolled. Data collected included demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, antibody titers and severity of small-bowel mucosal damage...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Katharine Aldwell, Corinne Caillaud, Olivier Galy, Stéphane Frayon, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
The Pacific Islands are experiencing an obesity epidemic with a rate of overweight and obesity as high as 80% among adults in some Pacific Island nations. Children and adolescents in the region are also affected by overweight and obesity, which is alarming due to the increased likelihood of remaining overweight as an adult. Research supports an association between poor diet and an increased risk of obesity and development of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Excess consumption of free sugars is associated with poorer overall diet quality and increased risk of weight gain, chronic inflammation and dental caries...
July 12, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
C M Wright, L Marryat, J McColl, U Harjunmaa, T J Cole
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether high weight in infancy predicts obesity in childhood. METHOD: Data from two UK cohorts (Newcastle Growth and Development N = 795, Gateshead Millennium N = 393) and one Finnish (Tampere N = 1262) were combined. Z scores of weight at 3 and 12 months and body mass index (BMI) at 5 and 8 years were categorized as raised/overweight (1 to <2 SD) or high/obese (≥2 SD). RESULTS: The majority of infants with raised or high weight at birth tended to revert to normal by 3 months and to track in the same category from 3 to 12 months...
July 11, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Robert B Strait, Marcia J Slattery, Aaron L Carrel, Jens Eickhoff, David B Allen
Objective: Being overweight is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome in children, but not all overweight children develop metabolic syndrome. Cortisol excess from chronic psychological stress has been proposed as an independent risk factor for metabolic syndrome in this already at-risk population. The present study assesses the relationship of biochemical and body composition radiographic markers of metabolic syndrome to salivary cortisol and self-report of chronic psychological stress in a cohort of overweight children...
2018: Journal of Childhood Obesity
Adela Hruby, Harris R Lieberman, Tracey J Smith
BACKGROUND: Health behaviors and cardiometabolic disease risk factors may differ between military and civilian populations; therefore, in U.S. active duty military personnel, we assessed relationships between demographic characteristics, self-reported health behaviors, and doctor-informed medical conditions. METHODS: Data were self-reported by 27,034 active duty military and Coast Guard personnel who responded to the 2011 Department of Defense Health Related Behaviors Survey...
July 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
L L Cui, X Y Geng, J Zhang, J Zhang
Objective: To study the epidemiological characters and risk factors of primary intussusception among children who were ≤2 years old in Jinan city. Methods: A retrospective study was also applied to collect the disease information of inpatient cases through hospital information system of inpatient during 2011 and 2015. The attack rate (AR) was calculated in total and each year, respectively. 1∶(1) matched pared case-control study was conducted to explore the risk factors of primary intussusception. A total of new confirmed 93 residential cases were enrolled with ≤2 years old, diagnosed as primary intussusception or diseases coded as K56...
July 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Caroline M Taylor, Colin D Steer, Nicholas P Hays, Pauline M Emmett
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Picky eating may be associated with higher risk of being underweight and poor growth over time or conversely, being overweight. Our aim was to investigate if children identified as picky eaters showed differences in height, weight and body composition from their non-picky peers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Picky eaters were identified in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort at 3 years of age. Height and weight were measured on seven occasions (age 7-17 years)...
July 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Vanessa A Shrewsbury, Tracy Burrows, Mandy Ho, Megan Jensen, Sarah P Garnett, Laura Stewart, Megan L Gow, Louisa J Ells, Li Kheng Chai, Lee Ashton, Jacqueline L Walker, Robyn Littlewood, Daisy Coyle, Paulina Nowicka, Amy Ashman, Alessandro Demaio, Kerith Duncanson, Clare Collins
To update an existing systematic review series of randomized controlled trials (RCT) that include a dietary intervention for the management of overweight or obesity in children or adolescents.Specifically, the review questions are: In randomized controlled trials of interventions which include a dietary intervention for the management of overweight or obesity in children or adolescents.
July 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Ana Letícia Andries E Arantes, Felipe Silva Neves, Angélica Atala Lombelo Campos, Michele Pereira Netto
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific findings on the baby-led weaning method (BLW) in the context of complementary feeding. DATA SOURCES: Two independent examiners searched the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE)/PubMed database in August 2016. No time-period was defined for the publication dates. The following descriptors were used: "baby-led weaning" OR "baby-led" OR "BLW". Inclusion criteria were: original studies that were available in English, and which addressed the BLW method...
July 10, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Eng Joo Tan, Victoria Brown, Stavros Petrou, Mario D'Souza, Marjory L Moodie, Li Ming Wen, Louise A Baur, Chris Rissel, Alison J Hayes
PURPOSE: Few studies focus on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of preschool children with overweight or obesity. This is relevant for evaluation of obesity prevention trials using a quality-adjusted life year (QALY) framework. This study examined the association between weight status in the preschool years and HRQoL at age 5 years, using a preference-based instrument. METHODS: HRQoL [based on parent proxy version of the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3)] and weight status were measured in children born in Australia between 2007 and 2009...
July 10, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Megan E Holmes, Mallory A Kvasnicka, D Kay Brocato, Heather E Webb
Disparities in health and academic achievement affect large cross-sections of the same population subgroups. This study examined the relationship metabolic health and academic achievement in youth "at risk" for school dropout in rural Mississippi. Fifteen adolescents participated in a studio based learning educational summer camp and subsequent follow-up sessions during the regular school year that were aimed at developing knowledge of core curriculum subjects by developing design projects based on the camp STEM-related theme...
September 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Anne Claire Grammer, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Natasha L Burke, Meghan E Byrne, Sarah J Mi, Manuela Jaramillo, Lisa M Shank, Nichole R Kelly, Monika M Stojek, Natasha A Schvey, Miranda M Broadney, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Data on the link between anxiety and body composition in youth are mixed. Yet, anxiety and disordered eating are highly correlated. One pathway between anxiety and excess body weight and fat mass may be through loss of control (LOC) eating. We examined whether LOC eating mediated the relationship between anxiety and body composition in youth with and without overweight. METHOD: Non-treatment-seeking youth (8-17 years) participated in studies examining weight and eating behaviors...
June 27, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Amy S Williams, Bin Ge, Greg Petroski, Robin L Kruse, Jane A McElroy, Richelle J Koopman
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity in the United States is a critical public health issue. Although multiple child and parental factors are associated with childhood obesity, few models evaluate how socioeconomic status influences these risk factors. We aimed to create a model to examine how socioeconomic status modifies risk factors for child obesity. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Birth Cohort. Using logistic regression, we modeled childhood obesity status from known parental and child risk factors for childhood obesity and tested interactions with socioeconomic status...
July 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Enrique Albert Pérez, Victoria Mateu Olivares, Rosa María Martínez-Espinosa, Mariola D Molina Vila, Manuel Reig García-Galbis
OBJECTIVE: To record which interventions produce the greatest variations in body composition in patients &le;19 years old with metabolic syndrome (MS). METHOD: search dates between 2005 and 2017 in peer reviewed journals, following the PRISMA method (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses). The selection criteria were: diagnostic for MS or at least a criterion for diagnosis; randomized clinical trials, &le;19 years of age; intervention programs that use diet and/or exercise as a tool (interventions showing an interest in body composition)...
July 6, 2018: Nutrients
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