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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334944/recent-trends-in-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china
#1
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Min Chen, Yan Cheng
Background: The present study examined the recent trends in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. Methods: Data for this study were obtained from two cross-sectional surveys of schoolchildren carried out in 2010 and 2014 in Shandong Province, China. A total of 72 755 students aged 7-18 years were included in this study. The BMI cutoff points recommended by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define overweight and general obesity...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333968/a-genome-wide-association-study-of-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-and-free-thyroxine-in-danish-children-and-adolescents
#2
Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Emil Vincent Rosenbaum Appel, Mathilde Svendstrup, Johanne Dam Ohrt, Maria Dahl, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Mette Hollensted, Christian Theil Have, Haja N Kadarmideen, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm, Niels Grarup
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroidism is associated with obesity, and thyroid hormones are involved in the regulation of body composition, including fat mass. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in adults have identified 19 and 6 loci associated with plasma concentrations of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (fT4), respectively. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify and characterize genetic variants associated with circulating TSH and fT4 in Danish children and adolescents and to examine whether these variants associate with obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331453/are-pediatricians-diagnosing-obese-children
#3
Katharine Thomas, Fernando Urrego
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in American children. The detrimental social, psychological, and physiological effects of obesity call for pediatricians to address this health concern. The literature demonstrates that clinicians are underreporting the diagnosis of obesity in the pediatric setting. The primary purpose of this study was to determine if pediatricians at one pediatrics clinic in the Ochsner Health System are documenting the presence of an overweight or obese body mass index (BMI) as a diagnosis in the medical record...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330908/the-effect-of-dairy-intake-on-bone-mass-and-body-composition-in-early-pubertal-girls-and-boys-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Kara A Vogel, Berdine R Martin, Linda D McCabe, Munro Peacock, Stuart J Warden, George P McCabe, Connie M Weaver
Background: Calcium retention increases with increasing body mass index (BMI) on recommended calcium intakes. Dairy foods are an excellent source of essential nutrients that are needed to increase bone mineral content (BMC) and potentially decrease fracture.Objective: We compared children who were overweight with children who were healthy weight for the accrual of bone mass in response to an extra 3 servings dairy/d compared with usual intake.Design: Participants were 240 healthy boys and girls (64%), aged 8-15...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330819/childhood-excess-weight-in-spain-from-2006-to-2012-determinants-and-parental-misperception
#5
María D Ramiro-González, Belén Sanz-Barbero, Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the high prevalence of childhood obesity in Spain, we analyzed changes in its prevalence from 2006 to 2007 and from 2011 to 2012, as well as diet, sleep, and sedentary habits in 5- to 14-year-olds and parental misperceptions about their children's excess weight. METHODS: The sample was from the Spanish National Health Surveys for 2006 to 2007 (n=5590) and for 2011 to 2012 (n=3601). Data were collected by trained personnel through telephone interviews with parents/guardians...
March 18, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327447/effect-of-motivational-interviewing-on-depression-scale-scores-of-adolescents-with-obesity-and-overweight
#6
Silvia Freira, Marina Serra Lemos, Geoffrey Williams, Marta Ribeiro, Fernanda Pena, Maria do Céu Machado
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of motivational interview (MI) with conventional care on the depression scale scores of adolescents with obesity/overweight. It was a controlled cluster randomized trial with parallel design, including two groups: intervention group [Motivational Interview Group (MIG)], control group [Conventional Intervention Group (CIG)]. INTERVENTION: three face-to-face 30min' interviews three months apart (only MIG interviews were based on MI principles)...
March 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327265/association-between-body-mass-index-and-caries-experience-in-brazilian-children-and-adolescents
#7
Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Driely Barreiros, Sara Oliveira, Lea Assed Bezerra da Silva, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Erika Calvano Küchler
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between caries and body mass index (BMI) deviations in Brazilian schoolchildren and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 237 three- to 15-year-old children, all undergoing treatment in a university pediatric dental clinic, was evaluated. Caretakers answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic, ethnicity, oral hygiene, and dietary information. The children's height was measured in centimeters, the weight in kilograms, and BMIs were calculated...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326536/risk-factors-for-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-in-china
#8
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jill Howie Esquivel, Jia Guo, Catherine A Chesla, Siyuan Tang
AIMS: To examine the relationship between child, mother, and environmental factors and increased body mass index in preschool-aged children in China. BACKGROUND: There are about 120 million children in China are classified as overweight or obese. Understanding the key factors associated with childhood obesity (i.e. child, mother and environment) is the first step in combating the growing obesity epidemic in China, as well as in the global community, where large numbers of Chinese immigrants can be found...
March 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325061/overweight-and-obese-status-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-disruptive-behavior
#9
Kristen K Criado, William G Sharp, Courtney E McCracken, Oana De Vinck-Baroody, Liansai Dong, Michael G Aman, Christopher J McDougle, James T McCracken, L Eugene Arnold, Carol Weitzman, John M Leventhal, Benedetto Vitiello, Lawrence Scahill
Overweight and obesity are common in pediatric populations. Children with autism spectrum disorder and disruptive behavior may be at higher risk. This study examined whether children with autism spectrum disorder and disruptive behavior are more likely to be overweight or obese than matched controls. Baseline data from medication-free children with autism spectrum disorder who participated in trials conducted by the Research Units on Pediatric Psychopharmacology Autism Network (N = 276) were compared to 544 control children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database matched on age, sex, race, parent education, and era of data collection...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323061/influence-of-product-placement-in-children-s-movies-on-children-s-snack-choices
#10
Callie L Brown, Camden E Matherne, Cynthia M Bulik, Janna B Howard, Sophie N Ravanbakht, Asheley C Skinner, Charles T Wood, Anna M Bardone-Cone, Jane D Brown, Andrew J Perrin, Cary Levine, Michael J Steiner, Eliana M Perrin
BACKGROUND: Media exposure affects health, including obesity risk. Children's movies often contain food placements-frequently unhealthy foods. However, it is not known if these cues influence children's food choices or consumption after viewing. We explored whether children's snack choices or consumption differs based on: 1) recent exposure to movies with high versus low product placement of unhealthy foods; and 2) children's weight status. METHODS: Children ages 9-11 were assigned to watch a high ("Alvin and the Chipmunks," n = 54) or low ("Stuart Little," n = 60) product-placement movie...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323058/executive-functioning-in-a-racially-diverse-sample-of-children-who-are-overweight-and-at-risk-for-eating-disorders
#11
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Setareh O'Brien, Jason M Lavender, Carolyn M Pearson, Daniel Le Grange, Scott J Hunter
Difficulties with executive functioning may underlie both overweight and loss of control (LOC) eating behavior across the age spectrum, but there is a relative paucity of research in children with both conditions. This study aimed to characterize general executive functioning among children with overweight and LOC eating as compared to their overweight and normal-weight peers. Participants were 75 racially diverse children (58.7% female; 81.3% African-American), aged 9-12y (M age = 10.5 ± 1.1), of whom 26 were overweight/obese and endorsed LOC eating (OW-LOC), 34 were overweight controls (OW-CON), and 15 were normal-weight controls (NW-CON)...
March 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321132/the-outcomes-of-health-promoting-communities-being-active-eating-well-initiative-a-community-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-in-victoria-australia
#12
K A Bolton, P Kremer, L Gibbs, E Waters, B Swinburn, A de Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the Health Promoting Communities: Being Active Eating Well (HPC:BAEW, 2007-2010) initiative which comprised of community-based multi-component interventions adapted to community context in five separate communities. The intervention aimed to promote healthy eating, physical activity and stronger, healthier communities. METHODS: A mixed method and multi-level quasi-experimental evaluation of the HPC:BAEW initiative captured process, impact and outcome data...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318184/preventing-childhood-obesity-contributions-from-the-social-sciences-to-intervention
#13
Muriel Lamarque, Alicia Bibiana Orden
Programming and implementation of health policies for the prevention of overweight and obesity have traditionally focused on the dissemination of specific messages identifying healthy foods and pointing out the importance of physical activity. Despite recurrent efforts, the prevalence of obesity in both adult and children populations continues to rise. The configuration of preventive proposals seems to neglect the more complex reality of the eating phenomenon, whose nature goes beyond its biological basis. Behind the presence of overweight or obesity, there are factors that exceed individual behaviors, which are constituted as elements of social order...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316981/growth-profile-and-its-association-with-nutrient-intake-and-dietary-patterns-among-children-and-adolescents-in-hail-region-of-saudi-arabia
#14
Eyad Alshammari, Epuru Suneetha, Mohd Adnan, Saif Khan, Awfa Alazzeh
Hail region of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has the highest adult obesity rates in the entire kingdom and limited information is available about the prevalence and patterns of growth markers. Therefore, it is important to monitor the growth trends to implement effective public health preventive strategies for the region. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of growth profile patterns (stunting, wasting, underweight, and overweight) and its associations with nutrient intake and dietary patterns among children and adolescents...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315898/modifiable-risk-factors-and-interventions-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-within-the-first-1-000-days
#15
Anne M Dattilo
Worldwide, the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased, amounting to 42 million overweight or obese children, and there is increasing evidence that the origins are within the first 1,000 days: the period of conception through 2 years. Antecedents of early childhood obesity are multifactorial, and associations of varying strength have been documented for genetic/epigenetic, biologic, dietary, environmental, social, and behavioral influences. Modifiable factors in pregnancy and early infancy associated with childhood obesity include maternal overweight/obesity, maternal smoking, gestational weight gain, infant and young child feeding, caregiver responsive feeding practices, as well as sleep duration, and physical activity...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315896/responsive-feeding-strategies-to-promote-healthy-mealtime-interactions
#16
Maureen M Black, Kristen M Hurley
Responsive feeding is a derivative of responsive parenting that has been applied to infant and young child feeding. With a theoretical basis in the reciprocal interactions between parents and children, responsive feeding is particularly relevant during complementary feeding as young children progress from an exclusively milk-based liquid diet to the family diet and self-feeding. The period of complementary feeding includes multiple developmental changes that may threaten a successful transition and lead to growth and feeding problems...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315857/risk-factors-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-2-6-years
#17
Meda Kondolot, Serpil Poyrazoğlu, Duygu Horoz, Arda Borlu, Canan Altunay, Elcin Balcı, Ahmet Öztürk, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: Understanding risk factors that may vary culturally can help improve preventive strategies for obesity. This is the first cross-sectional study aimed to determine the risk factors for overweight/obesity in children aged 2-6 years in a central Anatolian city in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 1582 children (1351 healthy, 231 overweight/obese) aged 2-6 years were included from the Anthropometry of Turkish Children aged 0-6 years database. Age, gender, birth weight, birth order, mother's age, mother's body mass index (BMI), weight gain of mothers during pregnancy, presence of gestational diabetes, breastfeeding duration, history of formula feeding, mother's and father's education, mother's job, monthly income, smoking at home and physical activity, sleep duration and duration of television (TV) watching of the children were evaluated as independent risk factors...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315759/associations-of-commuting-to-school-and-work-with-demographic-variables-and-with-weight-status-in-eight-european-countries-the-energy-cross-sectional-study
#18
Saskia J Te Velde, Eli Haraldsen, Frøydis N Vik, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Natasa Jan, Eva Kovacs, Luis A Moreno, Alain Dössegger, Yannis Manios, Johannes Brug, Elling Bere
This study aims to assess the prevalence of different modes of commuting to school and work for 10-12year-olds and their parents; to assess the associations with demographic variables (country, sex, parental education and ethnicity) and with weight status in eight European countries. As part of the ENERGY project a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2010 in which modes of commuting and socio-demographic variables for children (N=7903) and one of their parents (n=6455) were measured by questionnaires. Children's weight and height were objectively measured; parents self-reported their weight and height...
March 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303253/design-implementation-and-study-protocol-of-a-kindergarten-based-health-promotion-intervention
#19
Susanne Kobel, Olivia Wartha, Tamara Wirt, Jens Dreyhaupt, Christine Lämmle, Eva-Maria Friedemann, Anne Kelso, Claire Kutzner, Lina Hermeling, Jürgen M Steinacker
Inactivity and an unhealthy diet amongst others have led to an increased prevalence of overweight and obesity even in young children. Since most health behaviours develop during childhood health promotion has to start early. The setting kindergarten has been shown as ideal for such interventions. "Join the Healthy Boat" is a kindergarten-based health promotion programme with a cluster-randomised study focussing on increased physical activity, reduced screen media use, and sugar-sweetened beverages, as well as a higher fruit and vegetable intake...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302050/implementation-of-clinical-research-trials-using-web-based-and-mobile-devices-challenges-and-solutions
#20
EDITORIAL
Roy Eagleson, Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Alex McInnis, Eva Welisch, Stefanie De Jesus, Harry Prapavessis, Meghan Rombeek, Jamie A Seabrook, Teresa Park, Kambiz Norozi
BACKGROUND: With the increasing implementation of web-based, mobile health interventions in clinical trials, it is crucial for researchers to address the security and privacy concerns of patient information according to high ethical standards. The full process of meeting these standards is often made more complicated due to the use of internet-based technology and smartphones for treatment, telecommunication, and data collection; however, this process is not well-documented in the literature...
March 17, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
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