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Overweight in childrens

David Sánchez-Oliva, Alberto Grao-Cruces, Ana Carbonell-Baeza, Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Oscar L Veiga, José Castro-Piñero
OBJECTIVES: To identify lifestyle clusters in children and adolescents, to analyze associations between lifestyle clusters and body fat percentage (BFP) at baseline and 2 years later, and to examine if BFP at baseline is associated with BFP 2 years later. STUDY DESIGN: This longitudinal study involved 1634 Spanish youth (804 girls) aged 8-18 years (mean, 12.45 ± 2.51 years). Cluster analysis was performed by including objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity and self-reported screen time and diet...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
K Ungethüm, M Jolink, M Hippich, L Lachmann, F Haupt, C Winkler, S Hummel, A Pitchika, O Kordonouri, A-G Ziegler, A Beyerlein
AIMS: Children and adolescents with a family history of diabetes are at increased risk of overweight, but little is known about the potentially beneficial effects of physical activity on these children. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and metabolic and inflammatory risks in children and adolescents with a family background of Type 1 diabetes or gestational diabetes. METHODS: Valid MVPA measurements, made with accelerometers, were available from 234 participants (median age, 10...
September 22, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Sophie Parat, Véronique Nègre, Amandine Baptiste, Paul Valensi, Anne-Marie Bertrand, Christine Chollet, Myriam Dabbas, Jean-Jacques Altman, Alexandre Lapillonne, Jean-Marc Tréluyer, Caroline Elie, Maithé Tauber, Françoise Lorenzini, Emmanuel Cosson
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate whether pre and perinatal education of pregnant women would reduce childhood overweight. METHODS: Four French centers included women at ≤21 gestational weeks (GWs) with body mass index (BMI) >25 kg/m2 before pregnancy. Patients were randomized to a control group (routine care including at least one dietary visit) or an intervention group (2 individuals (26 and 30 GW) and 4 group sessions (21, 28, 35 GW, 2 months postpartum)) aimed at educating the future mother regarding infant and maternal nutrition...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Viviane S Straatmann, Anna Pearce, Steven Hope, Benjamin Barr, Margaret Whitehead, Catherine Law, David Taylor-Robinson
BACKGROUND: Identifying children at risk of poor developmental outcomes remains a challenge, but is important for better targeting children who may benefit from additional support. We explored whether data routinely collected in early life predict which children will have language disability, overweight/obesity or behavioural problems in later childhood. METHODS: We used data on 10 262 children from the UK Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) collected at 9 months, 3, and 11 years old...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Alexandra K Adams, Emily J Tomayko, Kate A Cronin, Ronald J Prince, Kyungmann Kim, Lakeesha Carmichael, Tassy Parker
OBJECTIVE: To describe sociodemographic factors and health behaviors among American Indian (AI) families with young children and determine predictors of adult and child weight status among these factors. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional baseline data. SETTING: One urban area and 4 rural AI reservations nationwide. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 450 AI families with children aged 2-5years participating in the Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 intervention...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Eleni Kintziou, Georgios Georgoudis, José Afonso, Rodrigo L Vancini, Beat Knechtle
Although the beneficial role of exercise for health is widely recognized, it is not clear to what extent the acute physiological responses (e.g., heart rate (HR) and oxygen uptake (VO₂)) to a graded exercise test are influenced by nutritional status (i.e., overweight vs. normal-weight). Therefore, the main objectives of the present narrative review were to examine the effect of nutritional status on acute HR, and VO₂ responses of children to exercise testing. For this purpose, we examined existing literature using PubMed, ISI, Scopus, and Google Scholar search engines...
September 20, 2018: Sports
Agnieszka Szadkowska, Arkadiusz Michalak, Aneta Chylińska-Frątczak, Anna Baranowska-Jaźwiecka, Marta Koptas, Iwona Pietrzak, Anna Hogendorf, Agnieszka Zmysłowska, Wojciech Młynarski, Beata Mianowska
Background Therapeutic goals have been established to decrease the risk of long-term complications of type 1 diabetes (T1DM). The effects of these guidelines should be constantly evaluated. Hence, the present study examines the frequency at which children with T1DM treated by one of the Polish reference centers complied with the therapeutic targets issued in 2014 by the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) and by the Diabetes Poland (PTD). Methods A retrospective analysis (years 2011-2014) was performed in patients with T1DM aged 6...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
S Adise, C F Geier, N J Roberts, C N White, K L Keller
BACKGROUND: Brain responses to both food and monetary rewards have been linked to weight gain and obesity in adults, suggesting that general sensitivity to reward contributes to overeating. However, the relationship between brain reward response and body weight in children is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the brain's response to multiple rewards and the relationship to body weight in children. METHODS: We tested this by performing functional magnetic resonance imaging while children (7- to 11-years-old; healthy weight [n = 31], overweight/obese [n = 30]) played a modified card-guessing task to assess blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) response to anticipating and winning food and money rewards...
September 21, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Hyunok Choi, Miroslav Dostal, Anna Pastorkova, Pavel Rossner, Radim J Sram, Shuk-Mei Ho
BACKGROUND: Sexually dimorphic risk of obesity-associated asthma is posited to accelerate around puberty. Yet, the role of air pollution on the lean and obese asthmatic children has never been examined. OBJECTIVE: To compare whether a unit exposure to airborne benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is associated with altered risks of asthma across the overweight/obese (OV/OB) control, lean asthmatic, and OV/OB asthmatic children, respectively, compared to the lean controls, before and after adjusting for oxidant stress markers (i...
September 17, 2018: Environment International
Anika Nier, Annette Brandt, Ina Barbara Conzelmann, Yelda Özel, Ina Bergheim
The role of nutrition and diet in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is still not fully understood. In the present study, we determined if dietary pattern and markers of intestinal permeability differ between overweight children with and without NAFLD. In addition, in a feasibility study, we assessed the effect of a moderate dietary intervention only focusing on nutrients identified to differ between groups on markers of intestinal barrier function and health status. Anthropometric data, dietary intake, metabolic parameters, and markers of inflammation, as well as of intestinal permeability, were assessed in overweight children ( n = 89, aged 5⁻9) and normal-weight healthy controls ( n = 36, aged 5⁻9)...
September 19, 2018: Nutrients
Preeti Gaddad, Harish Kumar Pemde, Srikanta Basu, Mukesh Dhankar, Sathya Rajendran
Aim: To Study Relationship of physical activity (PA) with body image, self-esteem, body mass index (BMI), sedentary lifestyle and eating attitude in adolescents. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study done at the Centre for Adolescent Health, Kalawati Saran Children Hospital, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India. Volunteering adolescents between the age group of 13 and 18 years were included and assessed using PA questionnaire for adolescents Score, Body Shape Questionnaire-34 Score, Rosenberg self esteem Score, adolescent sedentary activity questionnaire score, eating attitude test (EAT-26) and BMI Z-score...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Yachana Kataria, Lyvia Gaewsky, Christina Ellervik
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal smoking exposure is associated with obesity and other cardio-metabolic risk factors in children, but no previous meta-analysis has been conducted in adults. METHODS: We investigated the association of prenatal smoking exposure in the Danish General Suburban Population Study (GESUS) with BMI, waist circumference, total cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, gestational type 2 diabetes, and hypertension in adulthood. We subsequently performed a meta-analysis, adding published studies investigating the association between prenatal smoking and the risk of cardio-metabolic outcomes among individuals at least 18 years of age...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Francesca Archero, Roberta Ricotti, Arianna Solito, Deborah Carrera, Federica Civello, Rosina Di Bella, Simonetta Bellone, Flavia Prodam
The purposes of this study were to evaluate the differences in Mediterranean diet and its components among primary and secondary school children and adolescents living in northern Italy, and the associations with the weight status. Adherence was assessed by the KIDMED (Mediterranean Diet Quality Index) questionnaire on 669 subjects (6⁻16 years) attending five schools of Novara. The adherence was poor in 16.7%, average in 63.7%, and high in 19.6% of the students. Poor adherence was more frequent in primary than in secondary schools (20...
September 18, 2018: Nutrients
Christer Forsell, Eva Gronowitz, Yvonne Larsson, Britt-Marie Kjellberg, Peter Friberg, Staffan Mårild
AIM: to assess the 4-year outcome in children with obesity randomised to one of two 12-month life-style treatment programs in primary care. METHODS: At baseline, 64 children with obesity aged 8.0-13.0 years were randomised to a treatment program managed either by a nurse, dietician, and physiotherapist (n=32) or by a nurse and dietician (n=32). RESULTS: From baseline to follow-up the mean body mass standard deviation score had decreased by -0...
September 19, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Houda Ben Jemaa, Amani Mankaï, Faten Mahjoub, Belhassen Kortobi, Sarra Khlifi, Jihene Draoui, Rim Minaoui, Inchirah Karmous, Halima Ben Hmad, Fethi Ben Slama, Asma El Hamdouchi, Hassan Aguenaou, Jalila El Ati, Henda Jamoussi, Abdallah Aouidet
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is an important agent in the prevention of chronic diseases such as obesity. OBJECTIVES: To provide preliminary data on PA among school children and to correlate the PA with weight status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 40 children aged between 8 and 11 years and attending Tunisian schools were recruited. The body composition was determined by using the deuterium oxide dilution technique. PA was determined by the PAQ-C (PA Questionnaire for Older Children)...
September 18, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Jennifer C Duckworth, Mary Waldron
BACKGROUND: Most research linking weight status and timing of first sexual intercourse is cross-sectional in design, with few longitudinal analyses published to date. We examined associations between childhood weight status and subsequent onset of first sexual intercourse within a survival analytic framework, testing for differences among Hispanic, black, and white females and males. METHODS: Data were drawn from 6379 child respondents of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth aged 13 and older at last assessment...
September 18, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Shreela V Sharma, Elizabeth Vandewater, Ru-Jye Chuang, Courtney Byrd-Williams, Steven Kelder, Nancy Butte, Deanna M Hoelscher
BACKGROUND: This study presents the impact of a 2-year implementation of Coordinated Approach to Child Health Early Childhood (CATCH EC), a preschool-based healthy nutrition and physical activity program, on child BMI z-scores, BMI percentiles, diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors among 3- to 5-year old children across Head Start centers in Houston and Austin, Texas. METHODS: We used a quasi-experimental study design with serial cross-sectional data collection (Intervention catchment area: n = 12 centers, 353 parent-child dyads in Year 1; n = 12 centers, 365 parent-child dyads; Comparison catchment area: n = 13 centers in year 1, 319 parent child dyads; and n = 12 centers, 483 parent-child dyads in year 2)...
September 18, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Susanne Strohmaier, Elizabeth E Devore, Celine Vetter, Stacey Missmer, A Heather Eliassen, Bernard Rosner, Janet Rich-Edwards, Alison E Field, Eva S Schernhammer
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate associations between maternal history of rotating night shift nursing work before pregnancy and number of night shifts worked during pregnancy with offspring weight outcomes from early life through adolescence. METHODS: More than 4,000 children, enrolled in the second phase of the Growing Up Today Study between 2004 and 2013, and their mothers participating in the Nurses' Health Study II were included in our analyses. RESULTS: Children of women with and without a history of rotating night shift work before pregnancy were similar in birth weight and body size at age 5...
September 2018: Obesity
Anitha Pitchika, Kendra Vehik, Sandra Hummel, Jill M Norris, Ulla M Uusitalo, Jimin Yang, Suvi M Virtanen, Sibylle Koletzko, Carin Andrén Aronsson, Anette-G Ziegler, Andreas Beyerlein
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between different forms of, and potential pathways between, maternal diabetes and childhood obesity at different ages. METHODS: Prospective cohort data from The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study, which was composed of 5,324 children examined from 0.25 to 6 years of age, were analyzed. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses taking into account potential confounders and effect modifiers such as maternal prepregnancy BMI and birth weight z scores were performed...
September 2018: Obesity
Emilia Hagman, Lior Hecht, Limor Marko, Henny Azmanov, Leif Groop, Nicola Santoro, Sonia Caprio, Ram Weiss
OBJECTIVE: Lifestyle modification is the therapy of choice for childhood obesity, yet the response rate is variable and may be affected by genetic factors. We aimed to investigate predictors of poor response to lifestyle modification obesity treatment in children. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of 434 youths (64.5% females) between four to 20 years of age undergoing a standard of care lifestyle modification obesity management for 35.9 ± 20.8 months at Yale Childhood Obesity Clinic, US...
September 17, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
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