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ADME in silico

Amit K Gupta, Kanika Varshney, Vivek Kumar, Kumkum Srivastava, Aditya B Pant, Sunil K Puri, Anil K Saxena
A series of substituted 1,2,4-trioxanes were synthesized and evaluated for their antimalarial potential, in silico ADME properties and cytotoxicity on neuronal cell lines. Among the 15 synthesized substituted 1,2,4-trioxanes, two compounds (compound 15, IC50  = 25.71 nM; compound 21, IC50  = 19.6 nM) exhibited promising in vitro antimalarial potential comparable to those of the existing drugs chloroquine and artemisinin. Both of these compounds were found to be nontoxic up to 20 µM concentration in neuronal PC-12 cells...
February 16, 2017: Archiv der Pharmazie
Vishwanath Ramatenki, Ramakrishna Dumpati, Rajender Vadija, Santhiprada Vellanki, Sarita Rajender Potlapally, Rohini Rondla, Uma Vuruputuri
Cancer is characterized by abnormal growth of cells. Targeting ubiquitin proteins in the discovery of new anticancer therapeutics is an attractive strategy. The present study uses the structure-based drug discovery methods to identify new lead structures, which are selective to the putative ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2N-like (UBE2NL). The 3D structure of the UBE2NL was evaluated using homology modeling techniques. The model was validated using standard in silico methods. The hydrophobic pocket of UBE2NL that aids in binding with its natural receptor ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 variant (UBE2V) was identified through protein-protein docking study...
February 9, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Subrata Das, Monjur A Laskar, Satyajit D Sarker, Manabendra D Choudhury, Prakash Roy Choudhury, Abhijit Mitra, Shajarahtunnur Jamil, Siti Mariam A Lathiff, Siti Awanis Abdullah, Norazah Basar, Lutfun Nahar, Anupam D Talukdar
INTRODUCTION: Prenylated and pyrano-flavonoids of the genus Artocarpus J. R. Forster & G. Forster are well known for their acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory, anti-cholinergic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, anti-proliferative and tyrosinase inhibitory activities. Some of these compounds have also been shown to be effective against Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the in silico study was to establish protocols to predict the most effective flavonoid from prenylated and pyrano-flavonoid classes for AChE inhibition linking to the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease...
February 7, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
Guoshun Luo, Moses Muyaba, Weiting Lyu, Zhichao Tang, Ruheng Zhao, Qian Xu, Qidong You, Hua Xiang
Various 3-substituted 4-anilino-coumarin derivatives have been designed, synthesized and their anti-proliferative properties have been studied. The in vitro cytotoxicity screening was performed against MCF-7, HepG2, HCT116 and Panc-1 cancer cell lines by MTT assay. Most of the synthesized compounds exhibited comparable anti-proliferative activity to the positive control 5-Fluorouracil against these four tested cancer cell lines. Among the different substituents at C-3 position of coumarin scaffold, 3-trifluoroacetyl group showed the most promising results...
January 7, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Anca Stana, Dan C Vodnar, Radu Tamaian, Adrian Pîrnău, Laurian Vlase, Ioana Ionuț, Ovidiu Oniga, Brînduşa Tiperciuc
Twenty-three thiazolin-4-ones were synthesized starting from phenylthioamide or thiourea derivatives by condensation with α-monochloroacetic acid or ethyl α-bromoacetate, followed by substitution in position 5 with various arylidene moieties. All the synthesized compounds were physico-chemically characterized and the IR (infrared spectra), ¹H NMR (proton nuclear magnetic resonance), (13)C NMR (carbon nuclear magnetic resonance) and MS (mass spectrometry) data were consistent with the assigned structures...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Marc Vrana, Dale Whittington, Vivek Nautiyal, Bhagwat Prasad
The aim of this study was to create an open access repository of validated LC-MS/MS (MRM) methods for quantifying 284 important proteins associated with drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME). Various in silico and experimental approaches were used to select surrogate peptides and optimize instrument parameters for LC-MS/MS quantification of the selected proteins. The final methods were uploaded to an online public database (ADME QPrOmics(TM); which provides essential information for facile method development in triple quadrupole MS instruments...
January 11, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
Firoz A Kalam Khan, Zahid Zaheer, Jaiprakash N Sangshetti, Rajendra H Patil, Mazahar Farooqui
A new series of bis(indolyl)-pyridine derivatives 6(a-m) were synthesized by Chichibabin reaction process and evaluated for antileishmanial and antibacterial activities to establish structure-activity relationship. The synthesis was carried out through one-pot multicomponent reaction of 3-acetylindole, aromatic aldehydes, and ammonium acetate in the presence of camphor-10-sulfonic acid as a catalyst. The compounds 6d (IC50=102.47μM) and 6f (IC50=99.49μM) had shown promising antileishmanial against L. donovani promastigotes when compared with standard sodium stibogluconate (IC50=490...
December 8, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
P Linga Reddy, Shabana I Khan, Prija Ponnan, Mohit Tripathi, Diwan S Rawat
A novel series of 4-aminoquinoline-purine hybrids were synthesized and assessed for their antiplasmodial activity against CQ-sensitive and CQ-resistant strains of P. falciparum. It was envisaged that linking of the 4-aminoquinoline pharmacophore (targeting heme-detoxification pathway of malarial parasite) with the purine functionality (targeting plasmodial HG(X)PRT enzyme) will produce a hybrid antiplasmodial agent with increased potency. The synthesized hybrids displayed good antiplasmodial activities against both the sensitive and resistant strains of P...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
SeeKhai Lim, Rozana Othman, Rohana Yusof, ChoonHan Heh
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C is a significant cause for end-stage liver diseases and liver transplantation which affects approximate 3% of the global populations. Despite the present of several direct antiviral agents in the treatment of hepatitis C, the standard treatment for HCV is accompanied by several drawbacks such as adverse side effects, high pricing of medications and the rapid emerging rate of resistant HCV variants. OBJECTIVES: To discover potential inhibitors for HCV helicase through an optimized in silico approach...
November 30, 2016: Current Computer-aided Drug Design
Marcos Guilherme da Cunha, Gilson César Nobre Franco, Marcelo Franchin, John A Beutler, Severino Matias de Alencar, Masaharu Ikegaki, Pedro Luiz Rosalen
In silico and in vitro methodologies have been used as important tools in the drug discovery process, including from natural sources. The aim of this study was to predict pharmacokinetic and toxicity (ADME/Tox) properties of a coumarin isolated from geopropolis using in silico and in vitro approaches. Cinnamoyloxy-mammeisin (CNM) isolated from Brazilian M. scutellaris geopropolis was evaluated for its pharmacokinetic parameters by in silico models (ACD/Percepta™ and MetaDrug™ software). Genotoxicity was assessed by in vitro DNA damage signaling PCR array...
November 30, 2016: Toxicology Letters
Raquib Alam, Divya Wahi, Raja Singh, Devapriya Sinha, Vibha Tandon, Abhinav Grover, Rahisuddin
In an attempt to find potential anticancer agents, a series of novel ethyl 4-(3-(aryl)-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2-oxo-6-(pyridin-3-yl)cyclohex-3-enecarboxylates 5a-i and 5-(3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazole-1-carbothioamides 6a-i were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their topoisomerase IIα inhibitory activity and in vitro cytotoxicity against a panel of cancerous cell lines (MCF-7, NCI-H460, HeLa) and a normal cell line (HEK-293T). Molecular docking studies of all the synthesized compounds into the binding site of topoisomerase IIα protein (PDB ID: 1ZXM) were performed to gain a comprehensive understanding into plausible binding modes...
October 5, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
Ruchi Malik, Pakhuri Mehta, Shubham Srivastava, Bhanwar Singh Choudhary, Manish Sharma
Biological mechanism attributing mutations in KCNQ2/Q3 results in benign familial neonatal epilepsy (BFNE), a rare form of epilepsy and thus neglected. It offers a potential target for antiepileptic drug discovery. In the present work, a pharmacophore-based 3D-QSAR model was generated for a series of N-pyridyl and pyrimidine benzamides possessing KCNQ2/Q3 opening activity. The pharmacophore model generated contains one hydrogen bond donor (D), one hydrophobic (H), and two aromatic rings (R). They are the crucial molecular write-up detailing predicted binding efficacy of high affinity and low affinity ligands for KCNQ2/Q3 opening activity...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Rupinder Kaur Gill, Virender Kumar, Mahendra Bishnoi, Kamalendra Yadav, Kanthi Kiran Kondepudi, Jitender Bariwal
4-Substituted thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidines have been synthesized via microwave-assisted methods and screened for their cytotoxic activity against liver HepG-2, lung NCI-H522, melanoma A-375, pancreatic MIA PaCa-2 and colon CaCo-2 human cancer cell lines using MTT assay. The antiproliferative potential of most active compounds 20b and 20f (piperidino substituted); and 22d (hybrid analogue of Dasatinib) was further assessed and confirmed by calcein AM and colony formation assay, which revealed the higher potency of hybrid analogue 22d in comparison to piperidino substituted derivative 20f...
August 17, 2016: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Jaimin D Bhatt, Chaitanya J Chudasama, Kanuprasad D Patel
Synthesis of pyrazole-linked triazolo-pyrimidine hybrids was achieved by employing Biginelli-type reaction methodology in an ionic liquid (triethylammonium acetate) under microwave irradiation. This method proved to be highly efficient and the ionic liquid employed was found recyclable for up to five consecutive cycles. The synthesized molecules were further screened for their antimalarial efficacy screening out the active scaffolds J15, J18, J21, J24, J27, and J30. The active molecules were evaluated in an enzyme inhibition study against the active Plasmodium falciparum dihydrofolate reductase (Pf-DHFR), computationally as well as in vitro, demonstrating their potency as DHFR inhibitors...
October 2016: Archiv der Pharmazie
Sanal Dev, Sunil R Dhaneshwar, Bijo Mathew
BACKGROUND: Camptothecin is a quinoline alkaloid, isolated from the Chinese tree Camptotheca acuminate which exhibits its cytotoxic activity by the inhibition of nuclear enzyme Topoisomerase I (topo I). Camptothecin and its analogues forms a covalent bond with DNA which can arrest the tumor growth by slowing the religation step of the enzyme and stabilize the covalent adduct between topo I and DNA. Besides its strong anticancer potential, the limited solubility as well as instability of the hydroxylactone ring (Ring E) limits the clinical application of Camptothecin...
2016: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Potshangbam Angamba Meetei, R S Rathore, N Prakash Prabhu, Vaibhav Vindal
The enzyme β-1,3-glucan synthase, which catalyzes the synthesis of β-1,3-glucan, an essential and unique structural component of the fungal cell wall, has been considered as a promising target for the development of less toxic anti-fungal agents. In this study, a robust pharmacophore model was developed and structure activity relationship analysis of 42 pyridazinone derivatives as β-1,3-glucan synthase inhibitors were carried out. A five-point pharmacophore model, consisting of two aromatic rings (R) and three hydrogen bond acceptors (A) was generated...
2016: SpringerPlus
K Muthusamy, S Mohan, S Nagamani, C Kesavan
The goal of this study was to identify small molecular weight compounds that bind to sclerostin using in-silico methods because of the established importance of sclerostin-based therapies for the treatment of disease characterized by low bone mass. The zinc database (Zdb) revealed that nine potential molecules bind to the loop2 region (functional site) of sclerostin with ADME/T properties that are within an acceptable range defined for human use. Compounds 30160056 and 56871042 showed the highest docking score...
November 23, 2016: Physiological Research
Jovana Trifunović, Vladan Borčić, Saša Vukmirović, Svetlana Goločorbin Kon, Momir Mikov
PURPOSE: Information on ADME properties of examined bile acids and their oxo derivatives are scarce, although the interest for bile acids and their use in nanochemistry and macromolecular chemistry is increasing. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the lipophilicity, a crucial physicochemical parameter for describing ADME properties of selected bile acids and their oxo derivatives, and to compare two approaches: experimentally determined hydrophobicity parameters and calculated logP values...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
N Gobeau, R Stringer, S De Buck, T Tuntland, B Faller
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral exposure predictions obtained early in drug discovery with a generic GastroPlus Advanced Compartmental And Transit (ACAT) model based on the in vivo intravenous blood concentration-time profile, in silico properties (lipophilicity, pKa) and in vitro high-throughput absorption-distribution-metabolism-excretion (ADME) data (as determined by PAMPA, solubility, liver microsomal stability assays). METHODS: The model was applied to a total of 623 discovery molecules and their oral exposure was predicted in rats and/or dogs...
September 2016: Pharmaceutical Research
Firoz A Kalam Khan, Rajendra H Patil, Devanand B Shinde, Jaiprakash N Sangshetti
Herein, we report the synthesis and screening of cyano substituted biaryl analogs 5(a-m) as Peptide deformylase (PDF) enzyme inhibitors. The compounds 5a (IC50 value=13.16μM), 5d (IC50 value=15.66μM) and 5j (IC50 value=19.16μM) had shown good PDF inhibition activity. The compounds 5a (MIC range=11.00-15.83μg/mL), 5b (MIC range=23.75-28.50μg/mL) and 5j (MIC range=7.66-16.91μg/mL) had also shown potent antibacterial activity when compared with ciprofloxacin (MIC range=25-50μg/mL). Thus, the active derivatives were not only potent PDF inhibitors but also efficient antibacterial agents...
August 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
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