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Sexual transmitted disease

Sookyung Jeong, Jacob Lee, Yu Bin Seo, Chiyoung Cha
AIM: This study explored health beliefs and behaviours related to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) from the perspective of juvenile offenders with STIs in three urban cities. METHODS: Data were collected using observations and in-depth interviews between July and November, 2014. Under the supervision of probation officers, 24 juvenile offenders with STIs were interviewed. Leininger's four-step method guided the data analysis. FINDINGS: From participants' perspectives, poor hygiene and a promiscuous lifestyle caused the STIs...
November 18, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Shirley Greenbaum, Gili Greenbaum, Jacob Moran-Gilad, Adi Y Weintruab
The bacterial composition of the vaginal microbiome is thought to be related to health and disease states of women. This microbiome is particularly dynamic, with compositional changes related to pregnancy, menstruation, and disease states such as bacterial vaginosis. In order to understand these dynamics and their impact on health and disease, ecological theories have been introduced to study the complex interactions between the many taxa in the vaginal bacterial ecosystem. The goal of this review is to introduce the ecological principles that are used in the study of the vaginal microbiome and its dynamics, and to review the application of ecology to vaginal microbial communities with respect to health and disease...
November 14, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Isabelle K McGill, Mark Agius
Syphilis is a complex disease, which can lead to General Paralysis of the Insane if left untreated. Before antibiotics this was the natural progression of the disease, with many people being admitted to mental asylums with the diagnosis of GPI, and going on to die there. Diagnoses however, were difficult, as it was difficult to distinguish between GPI and other mental conditions such as bipolar disorder. We can use the works of the classical composers Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann and Smetana, who all suffered from mental illness, to gain an insight into what it is like to live with these conditions...
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Denis Jacques, Aurélie Maricq, Thomas Dubois, Brice Lepiece, Nicolas Zdanowicz, Etienne Delgrange
BACKGROUND: Denial of pregnancy is an issue that is often discovered a posteriori with sometimes dramatic complications. Denial of pregnancy is considered partial when the woman becomes aware of the pregnancy after the fifth month before delivery. The populations studied were heterogeneous, which made it impossible to establish a standard algorithm of the treatment and support of a discovery of partial denial of pregnancy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Based on a literature review and a discussion of partial denial of pregnancy case and the consequential treatment with a five-year follow-up, the global management recommendations need consideration in the case of partial denial of pregnancy...
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
F Vidal, L Paret, T Linet, Y Tanguy le Gac, P Guerby
OBJECTIVE: To provide national clinical guidelines focusing on intrauterine contraception. METHODS: A systematic review of available literature was performed using Pubmed and Cochrane libraries. American, British and Canadian guidelines were considered as well. RESULTS: Intrauterine contraception (IUC) displays a wide panel of indications, including adolescents, nulliparous, patients living with HIV before AIDS (Grade B) and women with history of ectopic pregnancy (Grade C)...
November 11, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Ana Paula Souto Melo, Eduardo de Paula Lima, Fabiana Cristina Ribeiro de Barros, Lidyane do Valle Camelo, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
Psychiatric patients are at increased risk of adverse life events, such as being incarcerated and homelessness in their life course. Using data from a cross-sectional multicenter study of 2,475 patients selected from 26 mental health services in Brazil, we examined the association of sociodemographic, clinical, behavioral, and adverse life characteristics with history of homelessness, incarceration or their co-occurrence during lifetime. Odds ratios were obtained by multinomial logistic regression models. The prevalence of homelessness, incarceration and co-occurrence of these two conditions were 8...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Jiajia Xie, Chunping Ao, Junpeng Li, Lifen Jiang, Hui Liu, Kang Zeng
Condyloma acuminatum are the most common sexually transmitted diseases worldwide, and they are closely associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. Urethral meatus warts are uncommon. And many treatments are limited by a difficult approach, recurrences, and potential complications. In our study, 21 patients diagnosed with urethral condyloma acuminatum were included. After 4h treatment of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), patients received photodynamic therapy (PDT). Each patient received HPV test before every PDT cycle...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Suzanne Reiter, Susan Kellogg Spadt
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) affects approximately one third of women in the United States. While often asymptomatic, BV infection may be accompanied by serious health consequences, such as preterm birth and pelvic inflammatory disease, and may facilitate acquisition of sexually transmitted infections. Identifying appropriate patients for screening, such as pregnant women, women planning pregnancy, and women with multiple and/or new sexual partners, is imperative for treatment. Diagnosis of BV has traditionally depended on the presence of vaginal discharge and odor, elevated pH, and clue cells as determined by microscopy, but newer diagnostic modalities that utilize molecular techniques allow for more convenient and accurate testing for BV...
November 14, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
Jeffrey T Parsons, Steven A John, Thomas H F Whitfield, Jorge Cienfuegos-Szalay, Christian Grov
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) reduces risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection for many gay and bisexual men (GBM); however, bacterial sexually transmitted infections associated with decreasing condom use among users is of concern. Center for Disease Control and Prevention's guidelines for PrEP use recommend bacterial sexually transmitted infection screening every 6 months. We sought to investigate comprehensive PrEP care, defined as: (1) discussion of sexual behavior, (2) blood sample, (3) urine sample, (4) rectal sample (rectal swab), and (5) throat sample (throat swab), provided at the user's last PrEP appointment...
December 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Carolina Rosadas, Bassit Malik, Graham P Taylor, Marzia Puccioni-Sohler
BACKGROUND: Brazil has at least 800,000 HTLV-1 infected individuals. HTLV-1 can be transmitted via sexual intercourse, contact with blood and from mother to child, mainly by breastfeeding. Treatments for the high morbidity/mortality associated diseases (ATL and HAM/TSP) are limited, therefore, infection prevention is of utmost importance. However, antenatal screening is not routinely performed in Brazil. A lack of data regarding the number of individuals infected via breastfeeding impairs the development of government policies...
November 12, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Page E Crew, Winston E Abara, Lynda McCulley, Peter E Waldron, Robert D Kirkcaldy, Emily J Weston, Kyle T Bernstein, S Christopher Jones, Susan J Bersoff-Matcha
Background: Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported notifiable condition in the United States (U.S.). Infrequently, Neisseria gonorrhoeae can cause disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI). Eculizumab, a monoclonal antibody, inhibits terminal complement activation which impairs the ability of the immune system to respond effectively to Neisseria infections. This series describes cases of N. gonorrhoeae infection among patients receiving eculizumab. Methods: Pre- and postmarketing safety reports of N...
November 12, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Hans Prakash Sathasivam, Ramya Bhatia, Paula Bradley, Andrew Robson, Vinidh Paleri, Helen Cocks, Nashreen Oozeer, Debra Milne, Philip Sloan, Max Robinson
OBJECTIVES: Typically, HPV-related cancers are sexually transmitted, however, the natural history of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is unclear. HPV16 transmission has been reported previously between five couples with OPSCC. We report the clinico-pathological features of a further four couples with HPV-related OPSCC and compare them with the published cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified four couples in long-term heterosexual relationships that all had HPV-related OPSCC...
November 2018: Oral Oncology
P Spornraft-Ragaller, D Varwig-Janßen
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are common worldwide and can cause impairment of fertility. In women pelvic inflammatory disease with subsequent tubal sterility is well-documented but the influence of STI on male fertility is still controversely discussed OBJECTIVE: The effects of various bacterial and viral STI on male fertility are discussed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An evaluation of the international literature up to 30 April 2018 was carried out including studies on larger collectives from the Asiatic region...
November 8, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Ana L Santos, Rosa Coelho, Marco Silva, Elisabete Rios, Guilherme Macedo
INTRODUCTION: In the last years, there was a rising in the incidence of sexually transmitted infections, including proctitis. Infectious proctitis (IP), mainly caused by agents like Neisseria gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis, is an entity that should be considered when patients with suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are approached, mainly if they have risk factors such as anal intercourse. CLINICAL CASES/DISCUSSION: The symptoms of IP, like rectal blood, mucous discharge, and anorectal pain, may appear in other causes of proctitis, like IBD...
November 6, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Jeannine Zader, Manfred Kunz, Jan C Simon, Regina Treudler
The number of patients suffering from a sexually transmitted disease (STD) in Germany is rising steadily. Mostly MSM (men who have sex with men) are affected. We report the case of an HIV-positive patient with syphilis, in whom the implantation of permanent fillers into the buttocks and thighs, for cosmetic purposes, prevented standard therapy of syphilis by intramuscular penicillin administration. According to current guidelines intravenous ceftriaxone (2 g once daily) was administered instead.
November 6, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Macey L Murray, Jade Meadows, Caroline J Doré, Andrew J Copas, Lewis J Haddow, Charles Lacey, Mark Jit, Kate Soldan, Kate Bennett, Michelle Tetlow, Mayura Nathan, Richard Gilson
BACKGROUND: Anogenital warts are the second most common sexually transmitted infection diagnosed in sexual health services in England. About 90% of genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 or 11, and half of episodes diagnosed are recurrences. The best and most cost-effective treatment for patients with anogenital warts is unknown. The commonly used treatments are self-administered topical agents, podophyllotoxin (0.15% cream) or imiquimod (5% cream), or cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen...
November 6, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Nanlesta Pilgrim, Jacky M Jennings, Renata Sanders, Kathleen R Page, Penny S Loosier, Patricia J Dittus, Arik V Marcell
OBJECTIVE: Sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRHC) guidelines recommend the delivery of quality preventive SRHC to males beginning in adolescence. A quality of care (QOC) framework was used to examine factors associated with young male's perceptions of QOC and satisfaction with care, which can influence their engagement and use of SRHC. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted from August 2014 to September 2016 with 385 male patients aged 15-24 years, recruited from primary care and sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics...
November 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
Ali Asadipour, Mohammad Hassan Moshafi, Leila Khosravani, Setareh Moghimi, Elham Amou, Loghman Firoozpour, Ghazaleh Ilbeigi, Keivan Beiki, Ehsan Soleimani, Alireza Foroumadi
BACKGROUND: Fluoroquinolones (FQs) are compounds of major interest with broad antimicrobial activities against community and hospital-acquired infections such as respiratory tract infections (nosocomial pneumonia, chronic bronchitis and tuberculosis), skin and soft tissue infections, bone and joint infections, intra-abdominal infections and sexually transmitted diseases. This broad range of activities along with favorable pharmacokinetic and low toxicity introduced this class of compounds as important antimicrobial chemotherapy agents...
November 3, 2018: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Angelica Montenegro Riestra, J Andrés Valderrama, Kathryn A Patras, Sharon D Booth, Xing Yen Quek, Chih-Ming Tsai, Victor Nizet
Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted, eukaryotic parasite that causes trichomoniasis, the most common nonviral, sexually transmitted disease in the USA and worldwide. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms involved in the host immune response to this widespread parasite. Here we report that T. vaginalis induces NLRP3 inflammasome activation in human macrophages, leading to caspase-1 activation and the processing of pro-IL-1β to the mature and bioactive form of the cytokine. Using inhibitor-based approaches, we show that NLRP3 activation by T...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Innate Immunity
Hee Jae Huh, Chang-Seok Ki, Sun Ae Yun, Jungsoo Lee, Gwi Young Oh, Nam-Sihk Lee, Young Ho Yoon, Nam Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: The DiaPlexQ™ STI6 Detection Kit (DiaPlexQ; Solgent Co., Ltd., Daejeon, South Korea) is a multiplex real-time PCR assay for the detection of the following sexually transmitted disease (STD) pathogens: Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma hominis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, and Mycoplasma genitalium. We compared the performance of the DiaPlexQ assay with the GeneFinder™ STD I (CT/NG/UU) and STD II (MG/MH/TV) Multiplex Real-time PCR Kits (GeneFinder; Infopia Co...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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