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Sexual transmitted disease

Lisa Tabacco, Shang-En Chung, Jamie Perin, Steven Huettner, Arlene Butz, Maria Trent
Adolescent and young adult women disproportionately experience Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) as a complication of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). This study seeks to understand the relationship context, changes in sexual behavior, and impact of partner sexual behavior on recurrent STI diagnoses at 3-months post-diagnosis. Adolescents and young adult women 13-25 were recruited from an outpatient disposition from an outpatient clinic, and pediatric and adult emergency rooms. Participants received treatment at baseline and follow-up at 2-weeks, 1-month and 3-month post-diagnosis, including interviews about personal and partner sexual behaviors and STI screening (n = 94)...
2018: Int Arch Nurs Health Care
Rajeev K Mehlotra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Human genetic polymorphisms known to influence HIV acquisition and disease progression occur in Papua New Guinea (PNG). However, no genetic association study has been reported so far. In this article, we review research findings, with a view to stimulate genotype-to-phenotype research. RECENT FINDINGS: PNG, a country in Oceania, has a high prevalence of HIV and many sexually transmitted infections. While limited data is available from this country regarding the distribution of human genetic polymorphisms known to influence clinical outcomes of HIV/AIDS, genetic association studies are lacking...
September 14, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
Eva Cignacco, Friederike Zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, Coline Sénac, Anja Hurni, Doris Wyssmüller, Jean Anthony Grand-Guillaume-Perrenoud, Anke Berger
BACKGROUND: Forced migration significantly endangers health. Women face numerous health risks, including sexual violence, lack of contraception, sexually transmitted disease, and adverse perinatal outcomes. Therefore, sexual and reproductive healthcare is a significant aspect of women asylum seekers' health. Even when healthcare costs of asylum seekers are covered by the government, there may be strong barriers to healthcare access and specific needs may be addressed inadequately. The study's objectives were a) to assess the accommodation and healthcare services provided to women asylum seekers in standard and specialised health care, b) to assess the organisation of healthcare provision and how it addresses the sexual and reproductive healthcare needs of women asylum seekers...
September 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Catherine N Rasberry, Richard Lowry, Michelle Johns, Leah Robin, Richard Dunville, Sanjana Pampati, Patricia J Dittus, Alexandra Balaji
Sexual minority youths (i.e., those identifying as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or another nonheterosexual identity or reporting same-sex attraction or sexual partners) are at higher risk than youths who are not sexual minority youth (nonsexual minority youth) for negative health behaviors and outcomes, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), pregnancy (1),* and related sexual risk behaviors (2). Less is known about sexual risk behavior differences between sexual minority youth subgroups...
September 14, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Vishal Bhagwan Badgujar, Fatin Shahirah Ahmad Fadzil, Helvinder Kaur Balbir Singh, Farheen Sami, Sangita Badgujar, Mohammed Tahir Ansari
The human papilloma virus (HPV) is known to be a major causative agent of cervical cancers and warts, limited study has been conducted on its associated factors among health care students and professionals in Malaysia. The present study was carried to explore the knowledge, understanding, attitude, perception and views about HPV infection and vaccination. A total of 576 respondents were recruited to complete a self-administered questionnaire through convenience sampling across Malaysia. 80.% and of the females respondents exhibited a positive attitude towards knowledge and understanding and 60% exhibited a positive towards attitude, perception and views...
September 10, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Camille Bonneaud, Mathieu Giraudeau, Luc Tardy, Molly Staley, Geoffrey E Hill, Kevin J McGraw
Host-pathogen coevolution is assumed to play a key role in eco-evolutionary processes, including epidemiological dynamics and the evolution of sexual reproduction [1-4]. Despite this, direct evidence for host-pathogen coevolution is exceptional [5-7], particularly in vertebrate hosts. Indeed, although vertebrate hosts have been shown to evolve in response to pathogens or vice versa [8-12], there is little evidence for the necessary reciprocal changes in the success of both antagonists over time [13]. Here, we generate a time-shift experiment to demonstrate adaptive, reciprocal changes in North American house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus) and their emerging bacterial pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum [14-16]...
August 23, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Susan Achora, Gloria Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, Oluwaseyi A Akpor, Yohana J S Mashalla
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based sexuality education programmes are a cornerstone in reducing adolescent sexual risk behaviours and promoting sexual health. Several initiatives aimed at reducing sexual and reproductive problems among adolescents have been done. These initiatives include life skill education and abstinence program. Despite these initiatives teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and abortion are still common among school going adolescents. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of adolescents and teachers regarding school-based sexuality education in rural primary schools...
October 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
V I Timoshilov, A A Fisiuk
The sexually transmitted infections are an actual medical social problem of the youth that negatively impacts natality because of high proportion in the structure of causes of infertility and miscarriage. The questionnaire survey was carried out on the sampling of 938 pupils and students of natural science and humanitarian specialties. It is established that those of acquiring natural science education in the issues related to sexually transmitted diseases more often trust professional sources of information (physicians and scientific publications) while humanitarians prefer Internet and social advertising...
May 2018: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Ian W Holloway, Elizabeth S C Wu, Jennifer Gildner, Vincent L Fenimore, Diane Tan, Laura Randall, Paula M Frew
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess meningococcal ACWY (MenACWY) vaccine uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM) during an ongoing, invasive meningococcal disease outbreak in Southern California. This research was important to inform future vaccination uptake interventions for this high-priority population. METHODS: We conducted venue-based sampling to recruit and enroll MSM living in Los Angeles County, California, from December 2016 through February 2017...
September 2018: Public Health Reports
Peter V Chin-Hong
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection worldwide, and the cause of anogenital warts. More than 80% of sexually active adults are infected at some point. Although most acquired HPV infection is transient because of a successful CD4+ T cell-dominated Th1 response, in some individuals HPV can persist, become latent and cause disease. One important at-risk population is immunosuppressed patients. HIV-infected and transplant recipients have a disproportionate burden of anogenital warts for two reasons...
September 6, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
Yogesh S Marfatia, Ruchi Jayeshbhai Shah, Reema Rajesh Baxi, Ashma Surani
Introduction: With the availability of free antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV/AIDS has become a chronic manageable disease, but its transmission still continues. Early testing, though desirable, is still a far-fetched goal. Materials and Methods: Forty-six newly detected HIV cases attending skin and sexually transmitted disease (STD) outpatient department (OPD) were studied. Careful inquiry was made to know the reason for HIV testing, marital status, concordance rate in married couples, and CD4 count at the time of presentation...
January 2018: Indian journal of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS
M A Ivanova, O V Romanova, V V Liutsko, M V Vorobiev
The sexually transmitted infections represent an actual medical social problem. The purpose of study is to analyze characteristics of their prevalence in various social groups of population. The data from annual reports on morbidity in the Republic of Udmurtia in 2006-2015 is analyzed. The analysis of morbidity of sexually transmitted infections during the mentioned period demonstrated the highest morbidity of chlamydia infection (from 135 in 2006 to 194,8 in 2015 per 100 000 of population) and trichomoniasis (from 63...
March 2018: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
A Van Rie, N S West, S R Schwartz, L Mutanga, C F Hanrahan, J Ncayiyana, J Bassett
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in involving community health workers (CHWs) into the formal healthcare system in South Africa (SA). OBJECTIVES: To generate evidence for defining CHW tasks in urban SA. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of residents of Diepsloot, northern Johannesburg, was performed using geographically weighted random sampling, with home-based health assessment and a questionnaire on sociodemographics, medical history, experience of violence, health-seeking behaviour and perceived health priorities...
August 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Rikhav P Gala, Rokon Uz Zaman, Martin J D'Souza, Susu M Zughaier
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a strict human pathogen responsible for more than 100 million new sexually transmitted infections worldwide each year. Due to the global emergence of antibiotic resistance, the Center for Disease control (CDC) recently listed N. gonorrhoeae as an urgent threat to public health. No vaccine is available in spite of the huge disease burden and the possibility of untreatable gonorrhea. The aim of this study is to investigate the immunogenicity of a novel whole-cell-based inactivated gonococcal microparticle vaccine formulation loaded in dissolvable microneedles for transdermal administration...
September 4, 2018: Vaccines
Amit Goel, Nicole Seguy, Rakesh Aggarwal
INTRODUCTION: Burden of hepatitis C in India is not known. We therefore conducted a systematic review of the available data on anti-HCV seroprevalence in the Indian population. METHODS: We searched several publication databases for English language papers that reported data on anti-HCV seroprevalence from India, and also identified other unpublished sources of such data. Data on groups likely to represent seroprevalence in general population and in selected high-risk groups were extracted and subjected to meta-analysis...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Chuan-Dan Wan, Yi-Lin Zhao, Ting-Wang Jiang, Yan-Hong Cui
Objective: To investigate the distribution of the human papilloma virus (HPV) and its genotypes in the male outpatients at the clinics of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in Changshu and analyze its association with the primary clinical symptoms so as to provide some evidence for the prevention and treatment of HPV infection in men. METHODS: We collected exfoliated cell samples from the external genitals of 602 male outpatients at the STD clinics in Changshu from February 2016 to February 2018, extracted and amplified nucleic acids from the samples, and detected the HPV genotypes using the gene chip technique...
August 2018: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Chunping Ao, Kang Zeng
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted agent in the world. It can cause condyloma acuminatum, anogenital malignancies, and head and neck cancers. The host immune responses to HPV involve multiple cell types that have regulatory functions, and HPV-mediated changes to regulatory T cells (Tregs) in both the local lesion tissues and the circulatory system of patients have received considerable attention. The role of Tregs in HPV infections ranges from suppression of effector T cell (Teff) responses to protection of tissues from immune-mediated injury in different anatomic subsites...
August 29, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Wen-Long Hu, Hong Ren, Bu-Fang Xu, Jing-Ping Zhang, Rui-Li Zhang, Qian-Qiu Wang, Ting-Ting Zhang
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the infection of Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum. T-helper type 17-related genes, vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene, and chemokine/chemokine receptor genes are crucial in microbial infection. A total of 16 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in eight genes (interleukin [IL]-17A, IL-17F, IL-23R, VDR, C-C motif chemokine ligand [CCL] 2, CCL5, C-C chemokine receptor [CCR] 2, and CCR5) were analyzed in 188 patients with syphilis and 216 healthy controls...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Ricardo Lucas García-Mayor Fernández, María Fernández Gonzalez, Rafael Martínez-Almeida Fernández
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LV) is a sexually transmitted disease that may have atypical clinical manifestations mimicking tumors or inflammatory conditions, which renders its diagnosis difficult. LV requires both a clinical and endoscopic diagnosis before early treatment may be administered, and should be included as a differential diagnosis for individuals with risk factors.
August 28, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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