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cervix uteri

Vrunda B Desai, Jason D Wright, Peter E Schwartz, Elisa M Jorgensen, Linda Fan, Babak Litkouhi, Haiqun Lin, Cary P Gross, Xiao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of corpus uteri, cervix uteri, and ovarian malignancy in women undergoing hysterectomy or myomectomy for presumed benign indications. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the 2014-2015 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Adult women undergoing hysterectomies and myomectomies without evidence for known or suspected cancer at the beginning of surgery were identified from the database...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
X L Zhai, F Zhu, L X Wang, Y Cheng, H M Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Li-Hsin Chien, Tzu-Jui Tseng, Fang-Yu Tsai, Jie-Huei Wang, Chao A Hsiung, Tsang-Wu Liu, I-Shou Chang
INTRODUCTION: In high-income countries, advances in early diagnosis and treatment have improved cancer survival. However, socioeconomic inequalities in survival have persisted or increased for some adult cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed net survival for the 20 most common adult cancers in Taiwan. They were stratified into six age groups and three socioeconomic groups. RESULTS: Out of 120 cancer site and age group combinations, 49 showed improvements in 5-year net survival from 2000-2004 to 2005-2010...
January 20, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Robert Kuo-Kuang Lee, Huan-Chin Tseng, Yuh-Ming Hwu, Chi-Chen Fan, Ming-Huei Lin, Jhih-Jie Yu, Ling-Yu Yeh, Sheng-Hsiang Li
BACKGROUND: Cystatin C (CST3), a cysteine protease inhibitor in seminal plasma, is expressed in animal uteri. However, its expression in the human female reproductive tract and its effect on human sperm capacitation are unclear. METHODS: The cellular localization of CST3 was observed using immunohistochemistry. The binding of CST3 to sperm was examined using immunocytochemistry. Sperm motility parameters were analyzed using computer-assisted sperm analysis. Sperm capacitation was evaluated by analyzing cholesterol content, protein tyrosine phosphorylation levels, and the acrosome reaction...
January 30, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Kay Neumann, Markus Cavalar, Achim Rody, Luisa Friemert, Daniel A Beyer
INTRODUCTION: Growing evidence shows a causal role of high-risk humane papillomavirus (HPV) infections in the development of head and neck cancer. A recent case report shows two patients suffering from tonsillar cancer without any risk factors apart from their work as gynecologists doing laser ablations and loop electrosurgical excision procedures (LEEP). The aim of the present investigation is to evaluate whether surgical plume resulting from routine LEEPs of HSIL of the cervix uteri might be contaminated with the DNA of high-risk HPV...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Gerhard J Molderings, Thomas Zienkiewicz, Jürgen Homann, Markus Menzen, Lawrence B Afrin
Background:  It has been shown repeatedly that mast cells can promote or prevent cancer development and growth. If development and/or progression of a solid cancer is substantially influenced by mast cell activity, the frequencies of occurrence of solid cancers in patients with primary mast cells disorders would be expected to differ from the corresponding prevalence data in the general population. In fact, a recent study demonstrated that patients with systemic mastocytosis (i.e., a rare neoplastic variant of the primary mast cell activation disease) have increased risk for solid cancers, in particular melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers...
2017: F1000Research
Noelia López, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel, Raquel Pascual-García, Ruth Gil-Prieto
BACKGROUND: Cervix uteri cancer is the 4th most common cancer among women worldwide and the second most frequent cancer in women under 45 years old in Spain. We aimed to describe the burden of hospital admissions by malignant neoplasia (MN) and in situ carcinoma (ISC) of the cervix in Spain from 2003 to 2014, a 12-year period that included the first years after introduction of an HPV vaccination program. METHODS: This epidemiological study reviewed data from the Ministry of Health National Surveillance System, which includes more than 98% of Spanish hospitals...
December 5, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
D Barman, J D Sharma, D Barmon, A C Kataki, A Sharma, M Kalita
BACKGROUND: Cancers of the female reproductive system - namely cancer of the cervix, corpus uteri, ovarian, vulvar, vaginal, fallopian tube cancers and choriocarcinoma are an important cause of cancer morbidity and mortality among women worldwide. It is estimated to be the third most common group of malignancies in women. The comprehensive global cancer statistics from the International Agency for Research on Cancer indicate that gynaecological cancers accounted for 20% of the 14.1 million estimated new cancer cases and 8...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
Maha At Elsebaie, Zeinab Elsayed
PURPOSE: Recently, conservative approaches such as wide local excisions and neoadjuvant chemotherapy are being considered to select young adult females with gynecologic RMS who have strong desire to preserve fertility. This analysis aims to identify prognosticators affecting survival outcomes and defining potential candidacy for fertility-preservation. Another focus is to explore the role of chemotherapy in reducing the need for aggressive surgery and the role of radiotherapy in decreasing rates of local failure...
November 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Yating Wang, Yan Liu, Huiqiao Liu, Qingan Zhang, Hongyan Song, Jianliang Tang, Jiangtao Fu, Xiaofei Wang
FcGBP was normally found in intestinal and colonic epithelia, gallbladder, cystic duct, bronchus, submandibular gland, cervix uteri and in fluids secreted by these cells in humans, and was down-regulated during colon carcinogenesis. We found FcGBP gene expression was decreased in HNSCC tissues compared to surgical safety border tissues while TGF-β expression level increased in HNSCC tissues, and higher FcGBP expression level was correlated to longer OS time of HNSCC patients. FcGBP expression level was higher in HPV-positive HNSCC tissues compared to HPV-negative HNSCC tissues, while TGF-β expression level was lower in HPV-positive HNSCC tissues...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
Harald Krentel, Rudy Leon De Wilde
Minimally invasive hysterectomy is a standard procedure. Different approaches, as laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy, vaginal hysterectomy, and subtotal and total laparoscopic hysterectomy, have been described and evaluated by various investigations as safe and cost-effective methods. In particular, in comparison to abdominal hysterectomy, the minimally invasive methods have undoubted advantages for the patients. The main reason for a primary abdominal hysterectomy or conversion to abdominal hysterectomy during a minimal invasive approach is the uterine size...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
M Prior, A Richardson, S Asif, L Polanski, M Parris-Larkin, J Chandler, L Fogg, P Jassal, J G Thornton, N J Raine-Fenning
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of congenital uterine anomalies, including arcuate uterus, and their effect on reproductive outcome in subfertile women undergoing assisted reproduction. METHODS: Consecutive women referred for subfertility between May 2009 and November 2015 who underwent assisted reproduction were included in the study. As part of the initial assessment, each woman underwent three-dimensional transvaginal sonography. Uterine morphology was classified using the modified American Fertility Society (AFS) classification of congenital uterine anomalies proposed by Salim et al...
January 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Murat Gultekin, Selin Dundar, Irem Kucukyildiz, Mujdegul Zayifoglu Karaca, Guledal Boztas, Semra Hatice Turan, Ezgi Hacikamiloglu, Bekir Keskinkilic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the 5-year relative survival rates in gynecological cancers diagnosed and treated in Turkey by year 2009 and to compare the results with developed countries. METHODS: Data of patients diagnosed for ovarian, corpus uteri or cervix uteri cancer at year 2009 are collected from 9 national cancer registry centers. Date of deaths are retracted from governmental Identity Information Sharing System (KPS). In order to calculate relative survival rates, national general population mortality tables are obtained from Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)...
November 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Mahira Jahic, Elmir Jahic, Mirsada Mulavdic, Azra Hadzimehmedovic
INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer can be successfully prevented by effective treatment. AIM: Analyse of success of cryotherapy in LSIL and ASCUS. MATERIALS ET METHODS: In retrospective study between January 2016 to March 2017, 3244 PAP test were analysed. 257 patients who had been diagnosed with LSIL and ASCUS from PAP smear were divided in two groups: women who had HPV positive, colposcopic positive and cytologic finding of LSIL or ASCUS treathed with cryotherapy and women with LSIL, ASCUS and negative colposcopy...
August 2017: Medical Archives
G Carioli, C La Vecchia, P Bertuccio, T Rodriguez, F Levi, P Boffetta, E Negri, M Malvezzi
Background: From most recent available data, we predicted cancer mortality statistics in selected Latin American countries for the year 2017, with focus on lung cancer. Materials and methods: We obtained death certification data from the World Health Organization and population data from the Pan American Health Organization database for all neoplasms and selected cancer sites. We derived figures for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico and Venezuela...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Manal Elidrissi Errahhali, Mounia Elidrissi Errahhali, Meryem Ouarzane, Redouane Boulouiz, Mohammed Bellaoui
BACKGROUND: Cancer is one of the major health problems worldwide. In this article, we present for the first time the cancer incidence trends, the distribution and the socioeconomic profile of incident cancer cases in Eastern Morocco over a period of eight years. METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study of patients diagnosed with cancer at the Hassan II Regional Oncology Center (ROC) since it was created in October 2005 until December 2012. During the study period, the ROC was the only hospital specialized in cancer care in Eastern Morocco...
August 29, 2017: BMC Cancer
S Muslimova
Papillomavirus infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. The aim of the study was to study the etiologic significance of the papillomavirus infection in the development of background diseases of the cervix and neoplasia. Under observation were 62 patients aged 18 to 55 years infected with human papillomavirus. All patients underwent complex clinical and anamnestic, laboratory and instrumental examination. Also, a review and advanced colposcopy was performed. As a result of the study, 53 (85...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
Liu Hui
To quantify the effects of ageing and non-ageing factors, a characterization of the effects of ageing, genetic, and exogenous variables on 12 major non-communicable diseases was evaluated using a model assessing cumulative frequency of death and survival by age group from dead and surviving populations based on mortality statistics. Indices (0-1) of the roles of ageing (ARD), genetics (GRD) and exogenous (ERD) variables in deaths due to disease were established, and the sum of ARD, GRD and ERD was 1 (value of each indices was <1)...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Eun Jung Jung, Moon Hyeong Cho, Da Hyun Kim, Jung Mi Byun, Young Nam Kim, Dae Hoon Jeong, Moon Su Sung, Ki Tae Kim, Kyung Bok Lee
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly of the urogenital tract, which is characterized by the triad of uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. It usually presents at puberty with pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and a vaginal or pelvic mass. Although rare, it may present with purulent vaginal discharge due to secondary infection of the obstructed hemivagina, making diagnosis difficult. A careful pelvic examination to identify the cervix and vagina is the key to the diagnosis of Müllerian duct anomalies and magnetic resonance imaging can provide additional useful information...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Zoltán Szentirmay, Zsuzsa Veleczki, Miklós Kásler
INTRODUCTION: Persistent infection of human papillomavirus is known to cause cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or cancer in the cervix uteri and other HPV-associated cancers in different localization. Based on epidemiological and biological data, principally the high risk HPV is responsible for development of cervical these cancers. However, we have no information about the frequently distribution of different HPV types and what is the correlation between the HPV types and cytological diagnosis in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
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