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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918472/a-reliable-protocol-for-colorimetric-determination-of-iron-oxide-nanoparticle-uptake-by-cells
#1
Daiana K Deda, Roberta M Cardoso, Mayara K Uchiyama, Christiane Pavani, Sergio H Toma, Mauricio S Baptista, Koiti Araki
Size, shape, and surface properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) can influence their interaction with biological systems, particularly the incorporation by tumor cells and consequently the biological activity and efficiency in biomedical applications. Several strategies have been used to evaluate cellular uptake of SPIONs. While qualitative methods are generally based on microscopy techniques, quantitative assays are carried out by techniques such as inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and flow cytometry...
September 16, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918375/synthesis-of-fluorescent-dendrimers-with-aggregation-induced-emission-features-through-a-one-pot-multi-component-reaction-and-their-utilization-for-biological-imaging
#2
Weihua Luo, Ruming Jiang, Meiying Liu, Qing Wan, Jianwen Tian, Yuanqing Wen, Qian-Yong Cao, Junfeng Hui, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Hyperbranched polymers have attracted wide research attention owing to their unique topological structure, physicochemical properties and great potential for applications such asadditives, drug delivery, catalysts and nanotechnology. Among these, the polyamidoamine(PAMAM) dendrimers are some of the most important dendrimers. However, the synthesis and biomedical applications of fluorescent PAMAM dendrimers have received only limited attention. In this work, we present a rather effective and convenient approach for synthesis of fluorescent PAMAM dendrimers with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties through a one-pot catalyst-free Mannich reaction under rather mild experimental conditions (e...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918373/defect-free-surface-modification-methods-for-solubility-tunable-carbon-nanotubes
#3
Hee Dae Lee, Byung Min Yoo, Tae Hoon Lee, Ho Bum Park
Although carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have outstanding physical properties, there are still challenging issues such as poor dispersibility and miscibility between organic polymers and CNTs for polymer nanocomposites. Chemical modifications (e.g., strong acid based oxidation, carboxylation, etc.) can improve dispersion properties and compatibility, but such surface modification methods often lead to damage to the pristine CNT structure and also deteriorate the mechanical properties of CNTs. Here we demonstrate a simple, defect-free and scalable method for well-dispersed CNTs in common organic solvents, using dopamine and amine-terminated polyethylene glycol derivatives...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918368/gnptab-missense-mutations-cause-loss-of-glcnac-1-phosphotransferase-activity-in-mucolipidosis-type-ii-through-distinct-mechanisms
#4
Nataniel Floriano Ludwig, Renata Voltolini Velho, Fernanda Sperb-Ludwig, Angelina Xavier Acosta, Erlane Marques Ribeiro, Chong Kim, Dafne Dain Gandelman Horovitz, Raquel Boy, Maria Juliana Rodovalho-Doriqui, Charles Marques Lourenço, Emerson Santana Santos, Thomas Braulke, Sandra Pohl, Ida Vanessa D Schwartz
Mucolipidoses (ML) II and III alpha/beta are lysosomal storage diseases caused by pathogenic mutations in GNPTAB encoding the α⁄β-subunit precursor of GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase. To determine genotype-phenotype correlation and functional analysis of mutant GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase, 13 Brazilian patients clinically and biochemical diagnosed for MLII or III alpha/beta were studied. By sequencing of genomic GNPTAB of the MLII and MLIII alpha/beta patients we identified six novel mutations: p.D76G, p.S385L, p...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918354/indium-iii-induces-isolated-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-by-inhibiting-proton-influx-and-triggering-oxidative-stress
#5
Lian Yuan, Jiaqi Zhang, Yujiao Liu, Jie Zhao, Fenglei Jiang, Yi Liu
While Indium's toxicity to organs is realized, its effects on mitochondria are still under investigation. Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) is widely accepted in mitochondrial dysfunction approaches and its importance in metal-induced mitochondrial degradation has been proposed. Since mitochondria are respiratory organelles, their interaction with free In(3+) is analyzed to access structural and functional changes. Spectral methods and multimode plate reader was used to detect mitochondrial swelling, membrane potential, membrane fluidity, and inner membrane permeability...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918220/synthesis-and-application-of-a-highly-selective-copper-ions-fluorescent-probe-based-on-the-coumarin-group
#6
Guangjie He, Xiangli Liu, Jinhe Xu, Liguo Ji, Linlin Yang, Aiying Fan, Songjun Wang, Qingzhi Wang
A highly selective copper ions fluorescent probe based on the coumarin-type Schiff base derivative 1 (probe) was produced by condensation reaction between coumarin carbohydrazide and 1H-indazole-3-carbaldehyde. The UV-vis spectroscopy showed that the maximum absorption peak of compound 1 appeared at 439nm. In the presence of Cu(2+) ions, the maximum peak decreased remarkably compared with other physiological important metal ions and a new absorption peak at 500nm appeared. The job's plot experiments showed that complexes of 1:2 binding mode were formed in CH3CN:HEPES (3:2, v/v) solution...
September 13, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918188/the-effect-of-thiolated-phospholipids-on-formation-of-supported-lipid-bilayers-on-gold-substrates-investigated-by-surface-sensitive-methods
#7
Abdulhalim Kılıç, M Fazeli Jadidi, Hakan Özgür Özer, Fatma Neşe Kök
Most of the model lipid membrane studies on gold involve the usage of various surface-modification strategies to rupture liposomes and induce lipid bilayer formation since liposomes with polar surfaces do not interact with bare, hydrophobic gold. In this study, a thiol-modified phospholipid, 1,2-Dipalmitoyl-sn-Glycero-3-Phosphothioethanol (DPPTE) was incorporated into phosphatidylcholine (PC) based liposomes to form supported lipid bilayer (SLB) on gold surfaces without further modification. The binding kinetics of liposomes with different DPPTE ratio (0...
September 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918187/surface-modification-of-titanium-substrates-for-enhanced-osteogenetic-and-antibacterial-properties
#8
Peng Liu, Yansha Hao, Yongchun Zhao, Zhang Yuan, Yao Ding, Kaiyong Cai
The insufficient osseointegration and bacterial infection of titanium and its alloys remain the key challenges in their clinic applications, which may result in failure implantation. To improve osteogenetic and antibacterial properties, TiO2 nanotube arrays were fabricated on titanium substrates for loading of antibacterial drug. Then, TiO2 nanotube arrays were covered with chitosan/sodium alginate multilayer films. The successful construction of this system was verified via scanning electron microscopy and contact angle measurement...
August 26, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918134/crystallization-and-demineralization-phenomena-in-washed-rind-cheese
#9
Gil F Tansman, Paul S Kindstedt, John M Hughes
This report documents an observational study of a high-moisture washed-rind cheese. Three batches of cheese were sampled on a weekly basis for 6 wk and again at wk 10. Center, under-rind, rind, and smear samples were tested for pH, moisture, and selected mineral elements. Powder x-ray diffractometry and petrographic microscopy were applied to identify and image the crystal phases. The pH of the rind increased by over 2 pH units by wk 10. The pH of the under-rind increased but remained below the rind pH, whereas the center pH decreased for most of aging and only began to rise after wk 5...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918125/iodinated-chlorin-p6-copper-complex-induces-anti-proliferative-effect-in-oral-cancer-cells-through-elevation-of-intracellular-reactive-oxygen-species
#10
Paromita Sarbadhikary, Alok Dube
We investigated the anticancer chemotoxicity of previously reported iodinated chlorin p6 copper complex (ICp6-Cu), a novel chlorophyll derivative in which copper is attached to the side chain carboxylate groups via coordination. Human oral carcinoma cells NT8e, 4451 and the non-cancerous keratinocyte HaCaT cells were treated with ICp6-Cu for 48 h in dark and cell viability, proliferation and morphological alterations were examined. ICp6-Cu showed pronounced cytotoxicity in cancer cells with IC50 ∼40 μM, whereas, the viability of HaCaT cells was not affected...
September 13, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918084/uranium-isotopes-in-tree-bark-as-a-spatial-tracer-of-environmental-contamination-near-former-uranium-processing-facilities-in-southwest-ohio
#11
Elise Conte, Elisabeth Widom, David Kuentz
Inappropriate handling of radioactive waste at nuclear facilities can introduce non-natural uranium (U) into the environment via the air or groundwater, leading to anthropogenic increases in U concentrations. Uranium isotopic analyses of natural materials (e.g. soil, plants or water) provide a means to distinguish between natural and anthropogenic U in areas near sources of radionuclides to the environment. This study examines the utility of two different tree bark transects for resolving the areal extent of U atmospheric contamination using several locations in southwest Ohio that historically processed U...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918081/developmental-alcohol-exposure-impairs-synaptic-plasticity-without-overtly-altering-microglial-function-in-mouse-visual-cortex
#12
Elissa L Wong, Nina M Lutz, Victoria A Hogan, Cassandra E Lamantia, Helene R McMurray, Jason R Myers, John M Ashton, Ania K Majewska
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), caused by gestational ethanol (EtOH) exposure, is one of the most common causes of non-heritable and life-long mental disability worldwide, with no standard treatment or therapy available. While EtOH exposure can alter the function of both neurons and glia, it is still unclear how EtOH influences brain development to cause deficits in sensory and cognitive processing later in life. Microglia play an important role in shaping synaptic function and plasticity during neural circuit development and have been shown to mount an acute immunological response to EtOH exposure in certain brain regions...
September 13, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918067/corrigendum-to-malaria-surveillance-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-comparison-of-microscopy-pcr-and-rapid-diagnostic-test-diagn-microbiol-infect-dis-2016-may-85-1-16-8-doi-10-1016-j-diagmicrobio-2016-01-004-epub-2016-jan-9
#13
Stephanie M Doctor, Yunhao Liu, Amy Whitesell, Kyaw L Thwai, Steve M Taylor, Mark Janko, Michael Emch, Melchior Kashamuka, Jérémie Muwonga, Antoinette Tshefu, Steven R Meshnick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918028/human-dmbt1-derived-cell-penetrating-peptides-for-intracellular-sirna-delivery
#14
Martina Tuttolomondo, Cinzia Casella, Pernille Lund Hansen, Ester Polo, Luciana M Herda, Kenneth A Dawson, Henrik J Ditzel, Jan Mollenhauer
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a promising molecule for gene therapy, but its therapeutic administration remains problematic. Among the recently proposed vectors, cell-penetrating peptides show great promise in in vivo trials for siRNA delivery. Human protein DMBT1 (deleted in malignant brain tumor 1) is a pattern recognition molecule that interacts with polyanions and recognizes and aggregates bacteria. Taking advantage of these properties, we investigated whether specific synthetic DMBT1-derived peptides could be used to formulate nanoparticles for siRNA administration...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917964/phenazopyridine-phthalimide-nano-cocrystal-release-rate-and-oral-bioavailability-enhancement
#15
Yu Huang, Jin-Mei Li, Zhi-Hui Lai, Jun Wu, Tong-Bu Lu, Jia-Mei Chen
Both cocrystal and nanocrystal technologies have been widely used in the pharmaceutical development for poorly soluble drugs. However, the synergistic effects due to the integration of these two technologies have not been well investigated. The aim of this study is to develop a nano-sized cocrystal of phenazopyridine (PAP) with phthalimide (PI) to enhance the release rate and oral bioavailability of PAP. A PAP-PI nano-cocrystal with particle diameter of 21.4±0.1nm was successfully prepared via a sonochemical approach and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917946/cellular-uptake-and-intracellular-localization-of-poly-acrylic-acid-nanoparticles-in-a-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-gill-epithelial-cell-line-rtgill-w1
#16
Lindsey C Felix, Van A Ortega, Greg G Goss
The ever-growing production of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) for use in many agricultural, commercial, consumer, and industrial applications will lead to their accidental or intentional release into the environment. Potential routes of environmental exposure include manufacturing or transport spills, disposal of NP-containing products down the drain and/or in landfills, as well as direct usage on agricultural land. Therefore, NPs will inevitably contaminate aquatic environments and interact with resident organisms...
September 7, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917922/the-effects-of-lotus-root-amylopectin-on-the-formation-of-whey-protein-isolate-gels
#17
Kang Liu, Qiang-Ming Li, Li-Hua Pan, Xin-Ping Qian, Hai-Lin Zhang, Xue-Qiang Zha, Jian-Ping Luo
The effects of lotus root amylopectin (LRA) on the formation of whey protein isolate (WPI) gels were investigated at the concentration range from 0 to 1.0% (w/v) by determining the texteral, thermal and rheological properties. Results exhibited these properties of WPI gels could be significantly enhanced by the addition of LRA in a concentration-dependent manner. Compared the gel with free of starch, the gel strength, water holding capacity and thermal transition temperature of WPI gel containing 1% (w/v) amylopectin were enhanced by 12...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917920/one-step-hydrothermal-synthesis-of-fluorescent-nanocrystalline-cellulose-carbon-dot-hydrogels
#18
Wei Li, Sichun Wang, Ying Li, Chunhui Ma, Zhanhua Huang, Chunsheng Wang, Jian Li, Zhijun Chen, Shouxin Liu
Fluorescent nanocrystalline cellulose/carbon dots (NCC/CDs) hydrogels were successfully prepared by a facile one-step green hydrothermal carbonization process. The properties of NCC/CDs hydrogels prepared at different temperatures were investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analysis. NCC/CDs hydrogels with high crystallinity, high thermal stability, and excellent fluorescence properties can be obtained by controlling the hydrothermal treatment temperature...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917918/chitosan-composite-hydrogels-reinforced-with-natural-clay-nanotubes
#19
Biao Huang, Mingxian Liu, Changren Zhou
Here, chitosan composites hydrogels were prepared by addition of halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) in the chitosan KOH/LiOH/urea solution. The raw chitosan and chitosan/HNTs composite hydrogels were obtained by heat treatment at 60°C for 8h and then regeneration in ethanol solution. The viscosity of the composite solution is increased with HNTs content. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) shows that the hydrogen bonds interactions exist between the HNTs and the chitosan. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results show that the crystal structure of HNT is not changed in the composite hydrogels...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917903/carbon-dioxide-capture-and-conversion-by-an-environmentally-friendly-chitosan-based-meso-tetrakis-4-sulfonatophenyl-porphyrin
#20
Santosh Kumar, Joana de A E Silva, Mohmmad Y Wani, João M Gil, Abilio J F N Sobral
We have demonstrated the facile, environmentally friendly and sustainable preparation of chitosan based meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (CS-TPPS) for adsorption and catalytic conversion of carbon-dioxide (CO2). The ionic complexation between chitosan (CS) and meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (TPPS) is confirmed by ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Physical properties, such as crystallinity, thermal stability, surface morphology and porosity were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy and BET isotherm analysis...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
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