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Body composition preterm infants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790827/the-effect-of-maternal-hiv-status-and-treatment-duration-on-body-composition-of-hiv-exposed-and-hiv-unexposed-preterm-very-and-extremely-low-birthweight-infants
#1
Klara Strydom, Daniel Gerhardus Nel, Muhammad Ali Dhansay, Evette Van Niekerk
BACKGROUND: There is an evidence gap regarding the relationship between HIV exposure, body composition (and the quality thereof) and preterm infants. AIM: This study determined the body composition of HIV-exposed, preterm very low-birthweight (VLBW) and extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) infants and to assess the effect of maternal HAART duration on the body composition of this vulnerable population. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted...
May 23, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784603/does-type-of-feeding-affect-body-composition-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Mól Nina, Zasada Magdalena, Kwinta Przemko
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyse body composition of preterm infants fed with either breast milk or formula compared to a control group of full-term newborns. METHODS: Fifty-three newborns were enrolled: a group of 34 very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm newborns subdivided into a formula-fed (n = 23; group A) and breast milk-fed (n = 11; group B) group, and a control group of 19 full-term infants (group C). Their body composition was assessed by a bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) either at the estimated time of birth in the VLBW group or during the 1st week of life in the full-term group...
May 4, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727484/leptin-and-igf-1-in-relation-to-body-composition-and-bone-mineralization-of-preterm-born-children-from-infancy-to-8-years
#3
Charlotte A Ruys, Monique van de Lagemaat, Harrie N Lafeber, Joost Rotteveel, Martijn J J Finken
OBJECTIVE: Preterm birth has been associated with altered body composition, especially increased fat mass (FM) and decreased bone mineralization, and leptin and IGF-1 have been suggested to be involved in the regulation of both. We aimed to study the interplay between leptin, IGF-1, FM, and bone mineralization measured in infancy and childhood of children born preterm. DESIGN: Observational study. PATIENTS/SUBJECTS: Seventy-nine (40 boys) preterm-born children (gestational age ≤32 weeks and/or birth weight ≤1500g) aged 8 years...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679046/impact-of-antenatal-corticosteroids-in-preterm-neonates-based-on-maternal-body-mass-index
#4
Maheer Faden, Sarah D McDonald, Prakeshkumar S Shah, Amit Mukerji
OBJECTIVE: Impact of antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) in context of maternal body mass index (BMI) as it relates to neonatal outcomes remains unclear. We sought to evaluate effects of ACS on clinical outcomes of preterm infants based on maternal BMI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study among neonates 23-33 weeks' GA at a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit from 2011 to 2015. Outcomes of neonates exposed to any ACS and pre-pregnancy maternal BMI ≥ 25 (N = 491) were compared with maternal BMI < 25 (N = 484)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532450/associations-of-measured-protein-and-energy-intakes-with-growth-and-adiposity-in-human-milk-fed-preterm-infants-at-term-postmenstrual-age-a-cohort-study
#5
Israel Macedo, Luis Pereira-da-Silva, Manuela Cardoso
OBJECTIVE:  To determine the associations of measured protein, energy, and protein-to-energy (PER) intakes with body composition in human milk (HM)-fed preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN:  Neonates born at < 33 gestational weeks were eligible. Standard fortification method with modular supplements was used and the HM composition was measured. The weight gain velocity was calculated, and body composition was assessed by air displacement plethysmography at 40 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA)...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529139/protein-use-and-weight-gain-quality-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-fed-human-milk-or-formula
#6
Laura Morlacchi, Paola Roggero, Maria Lorella Giannì, Beatrice Bracco, Debora Porri, Enrico Battiato, Camilla Menis, Nadia Liotto, Domenica Mallardi, Fabio Mosca
Background: Nutritional management of preterm infants aims to approximate the tissue growth and body composition of a fetus of the same postmenstrual age. The adequacy of the quality of protein supply can influence the rate and the relative quality of weight gain. Objective: We investigated the protein balance according to feeding regimen and the association between human milk feeding and fat-free mass content at the term-corrected age in very-low-birth-weight preterm infants...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505146/unique-patterns-of-body-composition-and-anthropometric-measurements-during-maturation-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-neonates-opportunities-for-modifying-nutritional-therapy-and-influencing-clinical-outcomes
#7
Anushree Algotar, Ala K Shaikhkhalil, Kim Siler-Wurst, Swetha Sitaram, Ish Gulati, Sudarshan R Jadcherla
BACKGROUND: Body composition is an important predictor of long-term outcomes in neonates and may be altered by several factors. Innovative methods like air displacement plethysmography (ADP) can safely and reliably measure body composition, potentially assisting in individualization of nutrition therapy. OBJECTIVES: 1) To characterize patterns of body composition change in convalescing neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and examine factors leading to variation...
January 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502383/nutritional-management-of-preterm-newborn-after-hospital-discharge-energy-and-nutrients
#8
Elisabetta Villa, Roberta Barachetti, Mario Barbarini
Preterm infants are at risk for poor growth while in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and after discharge from the NICU. The main objective is to reach the body composition and rate of growth of a normal fetus/infant of the same post-menstrual age during the first entire year of life. In case of human milk, the limited data do not provide convincing evidence that feeding preterm infants after discharge with multi-nutrient fortified human milk, compared with unfortified, affects important outcomes including growth rates during infancy...
December 22, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425475/anthropometry-and-body-composition-of-preterm-neonates-in-the-light-of-metabolic-programming
#9
Elisavet Parlapani, Charalampos Agakidis, Thomais Karagiozoglou-Lampoudi
The improved survival of preterm infants has led to increased interest regarding their health as adults. In the context of metabolic programming, the connection between perinatal and early postnatal nutrition and growth with health in later life has brought to the fore the role of catch-up growth during the first months of preterm infants' lives and its association with body fat and obesity in childhood or puberty. A state-of-the art review was conducted in order to assess the way catch-up is evaluated, in terms of timing and rate...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422205/the-intergrowth-21-st-fetal-growth-standards-toward-the-global-integration-of-pregnancy-and-pediatric-care
#10
REVIEW
Aris T Papageorghiou, Stephen H Kennedy, Laurent J Salomon, Douglas G Altman, Eric O Ohuma, William Stones, Michael G Gravett, Fernando C Barros, Cesar Victora, Manorama Purwar, Yasmin Jaffer, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Ruyan Pang, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Ann Lambert, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, José Villar
The purpose of the INTERGROWTH-21st project was to develop international, prescriptive standards for fetal growth assessed by ultrasound and fundal height, preterm postnatal growth, newborn size and body composition, maternal weight gain, and infant development at the age of 2 years. Hence, we have produced, based on World Health Organization recommendations, the first comprehensive set of international standards of optimal fetal and newborn growth that perfectly match the existing World Health Organization child growth standards...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419902/individualized-postnatal-growth-trajectories-for-preterm-infants
#11
Erin Landau-Crangle, Niels Rochow, Tanis R Fenton, Kai Liu, Anaam Ali, Hon Yiu So, Gerhard Fusch, Michael L Marrin, Christoph Fusch
BACKGROUND: Growth of preterm infants is monitored using fetal charts despite individual trajectories being downshifted postnatally by adaptational processes. The study aims to compare different approaches to create individualized postnatal trajectories. METHODS: Three approaches to achieve growth similar to healthy term infants at 42+0/7 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) on World Health Organization growth standards (WHOGS) (target weight) were tested by comparing trajectories obtained by: 1) following birth percentiles (Birth-Weight-Percentile Approach); 2) following percentiles achieved at day of life 21 (Postnatal-Percentile Approach); 3) using day-specific fetal median growth velocities starting at day of life 21 (Fetal-Median-Growth Approach [FMGA])...
February 8, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408800/body-composition-in-preterm-infants-with-intrauterine-growth-restriction-a-cohort-study
#12
Letícia Duarte Villela, Maria Dalva Barbosa Baker Méio, Saint Clair S Gomes Junior, Andrea Dunshee de Abranches, Fernanda Valente Mendes Soares, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
AIMS: The comparison of body composition parameters between the small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) at term, 1, 3 and 5 months corrected ages in very preterm infants. METHODS: This cohort study included 92 preterm infants at term age, younger than 32 weeks or <1500 g, classified in two groups: SGA and AGA. Anthropometry and body composition, estimated by air displacement plethysmography, were evaluated at the corrected ages: term and 1, 3, and 5 months...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393261/body-composition-following-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#13
Christoph Binder, Nicholas Longford, Chris Gale, Neena Modi, Sabita Uthaya
BACKGROUND: The optimal nutritional regimen for preterm infants, including those that develop necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective here was to evaluate body composition at term in infants following NEC, in comparison with healthy infants. The primary outcome measure was non-adipose tissue mass (non-ATM). METHODS: We compared body composition assessed by magnetic resonance imaging at term in infants born <31 weeks of gestational age that participated in NEON, a trial comparing incremental versus immediate delivery of parenteral amino acids on non-ATM, and SMOF versus intralipid on intrahepatocellular lipid content...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381790/adherence-to-a-healthy-eating-index-for-pregnant-women-is-associated-with-lower-neonatal-adiposity-in-a-multiethnic-asian-cohort-the-growing-up-in-singapore-towards-healthy-outcomes-gusto-study
#14
Ai-Ru Chia, Mya-Thway Tint, Chad Yixian Han, Ling-Wei Chen, Marjorelee Colega, Izzuddin M Aris, Mei-Chien Chua, Kok-Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Yap-Seng Chong, Keith M Godfrey, Marielle V Fortier, Yung Seng Lee, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Background: Evidence linking maternal diet quality during pregnancy with infant birth outcomes is limited in Asia. Objective: We investigated the association of maternal diet quality with the risk of preterm birth, offspring birth size, and adiposity in a multiethnic Asian birth cohort. Design: Dietary intakes of 1051 pregnant women were ascertained at 26-28 wk of gestation with the use of 24-h recalls and 3-d food diaries, from which diet quality (score range: 0-100) was measured by the Healthy Eating Index for pregnant women in Singapore (HEI-SGP)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360048/growth-and-body-composition-of-preterm-infants-less-than-or-equal-to-32-weeks-cohort-study
#15
Letícia Duarte Villela, Maria Dalva Barbosa Baker Méio, Vânia de Matos Fonseca, Andrea Dunshee de Abranches, Saint-Clair Gomes Junior, Ana Carolina Carioca da Costa, Maria M Murta, Sylvia Reis Gonçalves Nehab, Fernanda Valente Mendes Soares, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
BACKGROUND: Extremely preterm infants with weights less than the 10th percentile at discharge have a fat-free mass deficit. AIM: To analyze the relationship of weight Z-scores less than -2SD at term age with fat-free mass and fat mass at term age and at 1 and 3 months of corrected age in very preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: COHORT STUDY: Subjects: Sixty-six preterm infants born before or at 32 weeks gestation with birth weight equal or greater than the 10th percentile for age were included at term age...
February 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357769/is-the-body-composition-development-in-premature-infants-associated-with-a-distinctive-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-metabolomic-profiling-of-urine
#16
Daniela Morniroli, Angelica Dessì, Maria Lorella Giannì, Paola Roggero, Antonio Noto, Luigi Atzori, Milena Lussu, Vassilios Fanos, Fabio Mosca
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants' body composition at term-corrected age differs from that of term infants but appears to be similar at the age of 3 months. The aim of this study was to compare the metabolomic pattern of preterm infants at term and at 3 months with that of term infants and to determine its association with body composition development. METHOD: We designed a pilot study. Growth and body composition were evaluated by an air displacement plethysmography system in 13 preterm infants and seven term newborns at term and at 3 months of corrected age...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343422/effect-of-foetal-and-infant-growth-and-body-composition-on-respiratory-outcomes-in-preterm-born-children
#17
REVIEW
Sarah J Kotecha, John Lowe, Sailesh Kotecha
Body composition and growth outcomes of preterm-born subjects have been studied by many researchers. In general, preterm-born children have lower height and weight especially in infancy. Despite showing potential for catch-up growth, they continue to lag behind their term counterparts in adolescence and adulthood. The various methods of studying body composition and the differing gestations and ages at which it is assessed may go some way to explaining the inconsistent results observed in different studies...
December 20, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275813/the-science-and-necessity-of-using-animal-models-in-the-study-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#18
Guillermo J Ares, Steven J McElroy, Catherine J Hunter
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains one of the highest causes of mortality and of acute and long-term morbidity in premature infants. Multiple factors are involved in the pathophysiology of NEC including the immaturity of the immune system and the complex changing composition of the intestinal microbiome. This is compounded by the fact that the premature infant should ideally still be a developing fetus and has an immature intestinal tract. Because these complexities are beyond the scope of studies in single-cell cultures, animal models are absolutely essential to understand the mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of NEC and the effects of inflammation on the immature intestinal tract...
February 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273309/the-satisfactory-growth-and-development-at-2-years-of-age-of-the-intergrowth-21-st-fetal-growth-standards-cohort-support-its-appropriateness-for-constructing-international-standards
#19
José Villar, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Eleonora Staines Urias, Francesca Giuliani, Eric O Ohuma, Cesar G Victora, Aris T Papageorghiou, Douglas G Altman, Cutberto Garza, Fernando C Barros, Fabien Puglia, Roseline Ochieng, Yasmin A Jaffer, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Manorama Purwar, Ruyan Pang, Ann Lambert, Cameron Chumlea, Alan Stein, Michelle Fernandes, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Stephen H Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends that human growth should be monitored with the use of international standards. However, in obstetric practice, we continue to monitor fetal growth using numerous local charts or equations that are based on different populations for each body structure. Consistent with World Health Organization recommendations, the INTERGROWTH-21st Project has produced the first set of international standards to date pregnancies; to monitor fetal growth, estimated fetal weight, Doppler measures, and brain structures; to measure uterine growth, maternal nutrition, newborn infant size, and body composition; and to assess the postnatal growth of preterm babies...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239827/factors-affecting-body-composition-in-preterm-infants-assessment-techniques-and-nutritional-interventions
#20
REVIEW
K Strydom, E Van Niekerk, M A Dhansay
Limited research has been conducted that elucidates the growth and body composition of preterm infants. It is known that these infants do not necessarily achieve extra-utero growth rates and body composition similar to those of their term counterparts. Preterm infants, who have difficulty in achieving these growth rates, could suffer from growth failure. These infants display an increased intra-abdominal adiposity and abnormal body composition when they achieve catch-up growth. These factors affect the quality of weight gain, as these infants are not only shorter and lighter than term infants, they also have more fat mass (FM) and less fat-free mass (FFM), resulting in a higher total fat percentage...
October 28, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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