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Percentile preterm infant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436467/prediction-of-intraventricular-haemorrhage-in-preterm-infants-using-time-series-analysis-of-blood-pressure-and-respiratory-signals
#1
Jacqueline Huvanandana, Chinh Nguyen, Cindy Thamrin, Mark Tracy, Murray Hinder, Alistair L McEwan
Despite the decline in mortality rates of extremely preterm infants, intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) remains common in survivors. The need for resuscitation and cardiorespiratory management, particularly within the first 24 hours of life, are important factors in the incidence and timing of IVH. Variability analyses of heart rate and blood pressure data has demonstrated potential approaches to predictive monitoring. In this study, we investigated the early identification of infants at a high risk of developing IVH, using time series analysis of blood pressure and respiratory data...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395602/trauma-in-pregnancy-obstetrical-outcome-in-a-tertiary-centre-in-the-netherlands
#2
B J van der Knoop, I A Zonnenberg, V M Otten, M M van Weissenbruch, J I P de Vries
PURPOSE: To determine obstetrical outcome and predictive value of obstetrical symptoms and diagnostic examinations on adverse outcome after maternal trauma in pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study in a Dutch tertiary medical center, including women admitted for trauma in pregnancy between 1995 and 2005 and infants born from these pregnancies. Characteristics at trauma (type of trauma, severity) and obstetrical outcome were recorded, as well as prevalence and severity of trauma; prevalence of obstetrical symptoms and abnormal diagnostic examinations...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385056/spatial-social-polarization-and-birth-outcomes-preterm-birth-and-infant-mortality-new-york-city-2010-14
#3
M Huynh, J Spasojevic, W Li, G Maduro, G Van Wye, P D Waterman, N Krieger
AIMS: This study assessed the relationship between spatial social polarization measured by the index of the concentration of the extremes (ICE) and preterm birth (PTB) and infant mortality (IM) in New York City. A secondary aim was to examine the ICE measure in comparison to neighborhood poverty. METHODS: The sample included singleton births to adult women in New York City, 2010-2014 ( n=532,806). Three ICE measures were employed at the census tract level: ICE - Income (persons in households in the bottom vs top 20th percentile of US annual household income), ICE -Race/Ethnicity (black non-Hispanic vs white non-Hispanic populations), and ICE - Income + Race/Ethnicity combined...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320392/prenatal-and-post-natal-cost-of-small-for-gestational-age-infants-a-national-study
#4
Alicia Marzouk, Antoine Filipovic-Pierucci, Olivier Baud, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Anne Ego, Marie-Aline Charles, François Goffinet, Danièle Evain-Brion, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski
BACKGROUND: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are at increased risk for preterm birth morbidities as well as a range of adverse perinatal outcomes that result in part from associated premature birth. We sought to evaluate the costs of SGA versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants in France from pregnancy through the first year of life and separate the contributions of prematurity from the contribution of foetal growth on costs. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study using national hospital discharge data from French public and private hospitals...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304325/early-feeding-tolerance-in-small-for-gestational-age-infants-with-normal-versus-abnormal-antenatal-doppler-characteristics
#5
M F Ahamed, Pe'er Dar, M Vega, Mimi Kim, Q Gao, T Havranek
OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in feeding tolerance amongst preterm small for gestational age (SGA) infants with normal versus abnormal umbilical artery Doppler flow defined as absent or reversed end diastolic flow (AREDF). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of infants <35 weeks gestational age (GA) and birth weight (BW) <10th percentile. Day of initiation of feeds, days to full feeds and CRIB II scores were the primary outcomes. Clinical characteristics were compared between the groups of SGA infants with normal and AREDF...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292615/perinatal-outcomes-among-singletons-after-assisted-reproductive-technology-with-single-embryo-or-double-embryo-transfer-versus-no-assisted-reproductive-technology
#6
Angela S Martin, Jeani Chang, Yujia Zhang, Jennifer F Kawwass, Sheree L Boulet, Patricia McKane, Dana Bernson, Dmitry M Kissin, Denise J Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To examine outcomes of singleton pregnancies conceived without assisted reproductive technology (non-ART) compared with singletons conceived with ART by elective single-embryo transfer (eSET), nonelective single-embryo transfer (non-eSET), and double-embryo transfer with the establishment of 1 (DET -1) or ≥2 (DET ≥2) early fetal heartbeats. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort using linked ART surveillance data and vital records from Florida, Massachusetts, Michigan, and Connecticut...
April 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258737/association-between-use-of-prophylactic-indomethacin-and-the-risk-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#7
Erik A Jensen, Kevin C Dysart, Marie G Gantz, Benjamin Carper, Rosemary D Higgins, Martin Keszler, Matthew M Laughon, Brenda B Poindexter, Barbara J Stoll, Michele C Walsh, Barbara Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between prophylactic indomethacin and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in a recent, large cohort of extremely preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected data for infants with gestational ages < 29 weeks or birth weights of 401-1000 g born between 2008 and 2012 at participating hospitals of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188770/fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-born-before-32-weeks-of%C3%A2-gestation-according-to-antenatal-vs-postnatal-assessments-of-restricted%C3%A2-growth
#8
Isabelle Monier, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Anne Ego, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, François Goffinet, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction is defined using ultrasound parameters during pregnancy or as a low birthweight for gestational age after birth, but these definitions are not always concordant. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate fetal and neonatal outcomes based on antenatal vs postnatal assessments of growth restriction. STUDY DESIGN: From the EPIPAGE 2 population-based prospective study of very preterm births in France in 2011, we included 2919 singleton nonanomalous infants 24-31 weeks gestational age...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178054/safety-of-tetanus-diphtheria-and-pertussis-vaccination-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#9
Mark McMillan, Michelle Clarke, Adriana Parrella, Deshayne B Fell, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Helen S Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To assess antenatal, birth, and infant outcomes for pregnant women, fetuses, and infants after antenatal vaccination with any antigen present in combination pertussis vaccines. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Literature in the Health Sciences in Latin America and the Caribbean, ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane Library, and World Health Organization (inception to May 5, 2016). METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting outcomes for pregnant women, their fetus, or infant after antenatal exposure to either monovalent or combined tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) or inactivated polio vaccines were considered for inclusion...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154110/oxygen-saturation-ranges-for-healthy-newborns-within-24%C3%A2-hours-at-1800%C3%A2-m
#10
Melissa C Morgan, Beth Maina, Mary Waiyego, Catherine Mutinda, Jalemba Aluvaala, Michuki Maina, Mike English
There are minimal data to define normal oxygen saturation (SpO2) levels for infants within the first 24 hours of life and even fewer data generalisable to the 7% of the global population that resides at an altitude of >1500 m. The aim of this study was to establish the reference range for SpO2 in healthy term and preterm neonates within 24 hours in Nairobi, Kenya, located at 1800 m. A random sample of clinically well infants had SpO2 measured once in the first 24 hours. A total of 555 infants were enrolled...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115577/change-in-birth-outcomes-among-infants-born-to-latina-mothers-after-a-major-immigration-raid
#11
Nicole L Novak, Arline T Geronimus, Aresha M Martinez-Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates that immigration policy and enforcement adversely affect the well-being of Latino immigrants, but fewer studies examine 'spillover effects' on USA-born Latinos. Immigration enforcement is often diffuse, covert and difficult to measure. By contrast, the federal immigration raid in Postville, Iowa, in 2008 was, at the time, the largest single-site federal immigration raid in US history. METHODS: We employed a quasi-experimental design, examining ethnicity-specific patterns in birth outcomes before and after the Postville raid...
January 22, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092917/is-fat-mass-accretion-of-late-preterm-infants-associated-with-insulin-resistance
#12
Nadia Liotto, Maria Lorella Giannì, Francesca Taroni, Paola Roggero, Chiara Cristiana Condello, Anna Orsi, Camilla Menis, Riccardo Bonfanti, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: Late preterm infants show a major fat mass accretion from birth to term. The contribution of preterm birth to the development of the metabolic syndrome is still under investigation. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate body composition changes in late preterm infants during the first 3 months and to investigate their insulin sensitivity and resistance. METHODS: We conducted an observational, longitudinal study. A total of 216 late preterm infants underwent body composition assessment using an air displacement plethysmograph at term and at 3 months of corrected age...
January 17, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074999/-predictive-value-of-cerebellar-growth-and-general-movements-assessments-for-neurodevelopment-of-very-preterm-infants-at-18-24-months-corrected-age
#13
M Cunha, F Correa, A Cadete, A Oliveira, H Figueiredo, P Valerio, R Barroso, H Carreiro
INTRODUCTION: Fidgety movements assessments is very sensitive predicting long-term outcome or cerebral palsy of preterm, disrupted cerebellar growth has been reported in these patients. AIM: To compare the predictive value of cerebellar ultrasound growth and fidgety movements assessments, for neurodevelopment outcome of very preterm at 18-24 month's corrected age (CA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Prospective study of 88 infants cohort (<= 32 weeks' gestation), transverse cerebellar diameter was obtained by ultrasound via mastoid fontanel, in a weekly basis, until 40 weeks CA...
January 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942798/are-the-institute-of-medicine-weight-gain-targets-applicable-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Tang Wong, Robyn A Barnes, Glynis P Ross, Ngai W Cheung, Jeff R Flack
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to study the relationship between excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) according to Institute of Medicine (IOM) targets and perinatal outcomes, and examine whether modifying targets may improve outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all GDM pregnancies from 1992 to 2013. ORs were calculated for associations between excessive GWG (EGWG) using IOM targets and adverse pregnancy outcomes...
March 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938589/-effect-of-family-integrate-care-on-the-development-of-preterm-infants-at-18-months-of-age
#15
Y Li, X Y Gao, X Y Xiang, H M Dai, L Yang, M Y Shoo K, Mingyan Hei
Objective: To study the effect of family integrated care (FIC) in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to the development of preterm infants at 18 months of age. Method: This is a prospective parallel case-control study. Infants in FIC group were preterm infants enrolled in previous FIC study with gestational age (GA) 28-35 weeks. Study period was from July 2015 to July 2016. Subjects were all enrolled from Department of Child Healthcare in the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. Infants in control group were gender, birth weight (BW), BW percentile and days of life (DOL) at follow-up matched (1∶1 ratio) preterm infants who did not enter FIC in NICU...
December 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861703/short-and-long-term-perinatal-outcome-in-twin-pregnancies-affected-by-weight-discordance
#16
Cathrine Vedel, Anna Oldenburg, Katharina Worda, Helle Larsen, Anni Holmskov, Kirsten R Andreasen, Niels Uldbjerg, Jan Ramb, Birgit Bødker, Lillian Skibsted, Lene Sperling, Stefan Hinterberger, Lone Krebs, Helle Zingenberg, Eva-Christine Weiss, Isolde Strobl, Lone Laursen, Jeanette T Christensen, Vibeke Ersbak, Inger Stornes, Elisabeth Krampl-Bettelheim, Ann Tabor, Line Rode
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to investigate the association between chorionicity-specific intertwin birthweight discordance and adverse outcomes including long-term follow up at 6, 18, and 48-60 months after term via Ages and Stages Questionnaire. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this secondary analysis of a cohort study (Oldenburg et al., n = 1688) and a randomized controlled trial (PREDICT study, n = 1045) twin pairs were divided into three groups according to chorionicity-specific birthweight discordance: <75th percentile, 75th-90th percentile and >90th percentile...
February 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834508/effect-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-overweight-and-obese-mothers-on-infant-weight-for-length-percentile-at-1-year
#17
Hui Yeung, Michelle Leff, Kyung E Rhee
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with decreased risk of childhood obesity. However, there is a strong correlation between maternal weight status and childhood obesity, and it is unclear whether or not breastfeeding among overweight mothers could mitigate this risk. Our goal was to examine whether or not exclusive breastfeeding (compared to formula feeding) among overweight and obese mothers is associated with lower weight-for-length (W/L) percentile at 1 year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Infant Feeding Practices II study were used...
November 11, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806978/new-body-composition-reference-charts-for-preterm-infants
#18
Ellen W Demerath, William Johnson, Bridget A Davern, Christina G Anderson, Jeffrey S Shenberger, Sonya Misra, Sara E Ramel
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that nutritional management of the preterm infant should aim to achieve body composition that replicates the in utero fetus, but intrauterine body composition reference charts for preterm infants are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to create body composition reference curves for preterm infants that approximate the body composition of the in utero fetus from 30 to 36 wk of gestation. DESIGN: A total of 223 ethnically diverse infants born at 30 + 0 to 36 + 6 wk of gestation were enrolled...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787507/the-associations-between-early-pregnancy-lipid-profiles-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#19
C Wang, W Zhu, Y Wei, R Su, H Feng, E Hadar, M Hod, H Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between early pregnancy lipid profiles and pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective 6 months analysis of 5218 singleton pregnant women. Each participant's demographic and medical data were collected by questionnaires and medical records. Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipid cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipid cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were divided into quartiles, and the women were categorized as having low (<25th percentile), referent (25 to <75th percentile) or high (>75th percentile) TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C values...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780689/bone-mineral-density-according-to-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-is-associated-with-serial-serum-alkaline-phosphatase-level-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-at-discharge
#20
Jin Lee, Hyun-Kyung Park, Ja Hye Kim, Yun Young Choi, Hyun Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: To examine bone mineral density in extremely low birth weight infants at discharge and investigate whether serial measurements of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and phosphate can predict bone mineralization. METHODS: The individuals were 70 preterm infants. Serum calcium, phosphate, and ALP were measured at weekly intervals during admission in extremely low birth weight infants (mean gestational age, 25.3±2.1 weeks; birth weight, 812.8±141.1 g)...
September 30, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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