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Percentile preterm infant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188770/fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-born-before-32-weeks-of-gestation-according-to-antenatal-versus-postnatal-assessments-of-restricted-growth
#1
Isabelle Monier, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Anne Ego, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, François Goffinet, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction is defined using ultrasound parameters during pregnancy or as a low birthweight for gestational age (GA) after birth, but these definitions are not always concordant. OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetal and neonatal outcomes based on antenatal versus postnatal assessments of growth restriction. STUDY DESIGN: From the EPIPAGE 2 population-based prospective study of very preterm births in France in 2011, we included 2919 singleton non-anomalous infants 24 to 31 weeks' GA...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178054/safety-of-tetanus-diphtheria-and-pertussis-vaccination-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#2
Mark McMillan, Michelle Clarke, Adriana Parrella, Deshayne B Fell, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Helen S Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To assess antenatal, birth, and infant outcomes for pregnant women, fetuses, and infants after antenatal vaccination with any antigen present in combination pertussis vaccines. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Literature in the Health Sciences in Latin America and the Caribbean, ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane Library, and World Health Organization (inception to May 5, 2016). METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting outcomes for pregnant women, their fetus, or infant after antenatal exposure to either monovalent or combined tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) or inactivated polio vaccines were considered for inclusion...
February 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154110/oxygen-saturation-ranges-for-healthy-newborns-within-24%C3%A2-hours-at-1800%C3%A2-m
#3
Melissa C Morgan, Beth Maina, Mary Waiyego, Catherine Mutinda, Jalemba Aluvaala, Michuki Maina, Mike English
There are minimal data to define normal oxygen saturation (SpO2) levels for infants within the first 24 hours of life and even fewer data generalisable to the 7% of the global population that resides at an altitude of >1500 m. The aim of this study was to establish the reference range for SpO2 in healthy term and preterm neonates within 24 hours in Nairobi, Kenya, located at 1800 m. A random sample of clinically well infants had SpO2 measured once in the first 24 hours. A total of 555 infants were enrolled...
February 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115577/change-in-birth-outcomes-among-infants-born-to-latina-mothers-after-a-major-immigration-raid
#4
Nicole L Novak, Arline T Geronimus, Aresha M Martinez-Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates that immigration policy and enforcement adversely affect the well-being of Latino immigrants, but fewer studies examine 'spillover effects' on USA-born Latinos. Immigration enforcement is often diffuse, covert and difficult to measure. By contrast, the federal immigration raid in Postville, Iowa, in 2008 was, at the time, the largest single-site federal immigration raid in US history. METHODS: We employed a quasi-experimental design, examining ethnicity-specific patterns in birth outcomes before and after the Postville raid...
January 22, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092917/is-fat-mass-accretion-of-late-preterm-infants-associated-with-insulin-resistance
#5
Nadia Liotto, Maria Lorella Giannì, Francesca Taroni, Paola Roggero, Chiara Cristiana Condello, Anna Orsi, Camilla Menis, Riccardo Bonfanti, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: Late preterm infants show a major fat mass accretion from birth to term. The contribution of preterm birth to the development of the metabolic syndrome is still under investigation. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate body composition changes in late preterm infants during the first 3 months and to investigate their insulin sensitivity and resistance. METHODS: We conducted an observational, longitudinal study. A total of 216 late preterm infants underwent body composition assessment using an air displacement plethysmograph at term and at 3 months of corrected age...
January 17, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074999/-predictive-value-of-cerebellar-growth-and-general-movements-assessments-for-neurodevelopment-of-very-preterm-infants-at-18-24-months-corrected-age
#6
M Cunha, F Correa, A Cadete, A Oliveira, H Figueiredo, P Valerio, R Barroso, H Carreiro
INTRODUCTION: Fidgety movements assessments is very sensitive predicting long-term outcome or cerebral palsy of preterm, disrupted cerebellar growth has been reported in these patients. AIM: To compare the predictive value of cerebellar ultrasound growth and fidgety movements assessments, for neurodevelopment outcome of very preterm at 18-24 month's corrected age (CA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Prospective study of 88 infants cohort (<= 32 weeks' gestation), transverse cerebellar diameter was obtained by ultrasound via mastoid fontanel, in a weekly basis, until 40 weeks CA...
January 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942798/are-the-institute-of-medicine-weight-gain-targets-applicable-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Tang Wong, Robyn A Barnes, Glynis P Ross, Ngai W Cheung, Jeff R Flack
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to study the relationship between excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) according to Institute of Medicine (IOM) targets and perinatal outcomes, and examine whether modifying targets may improve outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all GDM pregnancies from 1992 to 2013. ORs were calculated for associations between excessive GWG (EGWG) using IOM targets and adverse pregnancy outcomes...
March 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938589/-effect-of-family-integrate-care-on-the-development-of-preterm-infants-at-18-months-of-age
#8
Y Li, X Y Gao, X Y Xiang, H M Dai, L Yang, M Y Shoo K, Mingyan Hei
Objective: To study the effect of family integrated care (FIC) in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to the development of preterm infants at 18 months of age. Method: This is a prospective parallel case-control study. Infants in FIC group were preterm infants enrolled in previous FIC study with gestational age (GA) 28-35 weeks. Study period was from July 2015 to July 2016. Subjects were all enrolled from Department of Child Healthcare in the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. Infants in control group were gender, birth weight (BW), BW percentile and days of life (DOL) at follow-up matched (1∶1 ratio) preterm infants who did not enter FIC in NICU...
December 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861703/short-and-long-term-perinatal-outcome-in-twin-pregnancies-affected-by-weight-discordance
#9
Cathrine Vedel, Anna Oldenburg, Katharina Worda, Helle Larsen, Anni Holmskov, Kirsten R Andreasen, Niels Uldbjerg, Jan Ramb, Birgit Bødker, Lillian Skibsted, Lene Sperling, Stefan Hinterberger, Lone Krebs, Helle Zingenberg, Eva-Christine Weiss, Isolde Strobl, Lone Laursen, Jeanette T Christensen, Vibeke Ersbak, Inger Stornes, Elisabeth Krampl-Bettelheim, Ann Tabor, Line Rode
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to investigate the association between chorionicity-specific intertwin birthweight discordance and adverse outcomes including long-term follow up at 6, 18, and 48-60 months after term via Ages and Stages Questionnaire. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this secondary analysis of a cohort study (Oldenburg et al., n = 1688) and a randomized controlled trial (PREDICT study, n = 1045) twin pairs were divided into three groups according to chorionicity-specific birthweight discordance: <75th percentile, 75th-90th percentile and >90th percentile...
February 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834508/effect-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-overweight-and-obese-mothers-on-infant-weight-for-length-percentile-at-1-year
#10
Hui Yeung, Michelle Leff, Kyung E Rhee
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with decreased risk of childhood obesity. However, there is a strong correlation between maternal weight status and childhood obesity, and it is unclear whether or not breastfeeding among overweight mothers could mitigate this risk. Our goal was to examine whether or not exclusive breastfeeding (compared to formula feeding) among overweight and obese mothers is associated with lower weight-for-length (W/L) percentile at 1 year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Infant Feeding Practices II study were used...
November 11, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806978/new-body-composition-reference-charts-for-preterm-infants
#11
Ellen W Demerath, William Johnson, Bridget A Davern, Christina G Anderson, Jeffrey S Shenberger, Sonya Misra, Sara E Ramel
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that nutritional management of the preterm infant should aim to achieve body composition that replicates the in utero fetus, but intrauterine body composition reference charts for preterm infants are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to create body composition reference curves for preterm infants that approximate the body composition of the in utero fetus from 30 to 36 wk of gestation. DESIGN: A total of 223 ethnically diverse infants born at 30 + 0 to 36 + 6 wk of gestation were enrolled...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787507/the-associations-between-early-pregnancy-lipid-profiles-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#12
C Wang, W Zhu, Y Wei, R Su, H Feng, E Hadar, M Hod, H Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between early pregnancy lipid profiles and pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective 6 months analysis of 5218 singleton pregnant women. Each participant's demographic and medical data were collected by questionnaires and medical records. Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipid cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipid cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were divided into quartiles, and the women were categorized as having low (<25th percentile), referent (25 to <75th percentile) or high (>75th percentile) TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C values...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780689/bone-mineral-density-according-to-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-is-associated-with-serial-serum-alkaline-phosphatase-level-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-at-discharge
#13
Jin Lee, Hyun-Kyung Park, Ja Hye Kim, Yun Young Choi, Hyun Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: To examine bone mineral density in extremely low birth weight infants at discharge and investigate whether serial measurements of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and phosphate can predict bone mineralization. METHODS: The individuals were 70 preterm infants. Serum calcium, phosphate, and ALP were measured at weekly intervals during admission in extremely low birth weight infants (mean gestational age, 25.3±2.1 weeks; birth weight, 812.8±141.1 g)...
September 30, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756175/pregnancies-complicated-by-both-preeclampsia-and-growth-restriction-between-34-and-37-weeks-gestation-are-associated-with-adverse-perinatal-outcomes
#14
Kathryn J Sharma, Tania F Esakoff, Alyson Guillet, Richard M Burwick, Aaron B Caughey
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adverse outcomes were more common in late preterm pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and growth restriction compared to those affected by preeclampsia alone. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 8927 singleton pregnancies with preeclampsia. Pregnancies with small for gestational age (SGA) neonates (birth weight <10th percentile) were compared to those appropriate for gestational age (AGA) neonates. Maternal outcomes included cesarean delivery (CD) rate, CD for fetal heart rate (FHR) abnormalities, abruption, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), maternal transfusion, acute renal failure, and peripartum cardiomyopathy...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735930/prenatal-visit-utilization-and-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-type-ii-and-gestational-diabetes
#15
E B Carter, M G Tuuli, A O Odibo, G A Macones, A G Cahill
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the number of prenatal visits (PNVs) and pregnancy outcomes in women with gestational diabetes (GDM) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). STUDY DESIGN: A 4-year prospective cohort study of women with GDM and DM and was conducted. Patients ⩾75th percentile for number of PNVs were compared with those ⩽25th percentile. The primary outcomes were large for gestational age (LGA) with birth weight >90% and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission for >24 h...
February 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600838/intrinsic-functional-connectivity-in-preterm-infants-with-fetal-growth-restriction-evaluated-at-12-months-corrected-age
#16
Nelly Padilla, Peter Fransson, Antonio Donaire, Francesc Figueras, Angela Arranz, Magdalena Sanz-Cortés, Violeta Tenorio, Núria Bargallo, Carme Junqué, Hugo Lagercrantz, Ulrika Ådén, Eduard Gratacós
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) affects brain development in preterm infants, but little is known about its effects on resting-state functional connectivity. We compared 20 preterm infants, born at <34 weeks of gestation with abnormal antenatal Doppler measurements and birth weights <10th percentile, with 20 appropriate for gestational age preterm infants of similar gestational age and 20 term infants. They were scanned without sedation at 12 months of age and screened for autistic traits at 26 months...
September 6, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587072/validation-of-test-weighing-protocol-to-estimate-enteral-feeding-volumes-in-preterm-infants
#17
Michael W Rankin, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Marina Caraco, Marie Collinson, Lisa Lostetter, Tara L DuPont
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of pre- and postfeeding weights to estimate enteral feeding volumes in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center prospective cohort study of infants 28-36 weeks' corrected age receiving gavage feedings. For each test weight, 3 pre- and 3 postgavage feeding weights were obtained by study personnel, blinded to feeding volume, via a specific protocol. The correlation between test weight difference and actual volume ingested was assessed by the use of summary statistics, Spearman rho, and graphical analyses...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583872/dna-methylations-of-mc4r-and-hnf4%C3%AE-are-associated-with-increased-triglyceride-levels-in-cord-blood-of-preterm-infants
#18
Eun Jin Kwon, Hye Ah Lee, Young-Ah You, Hyesook Park, Su Jin Cho, Eun Hee Ha, Young Ju Kim
The association of preterm birth with obesity and metabolic syndrome later in life is well established. Although the biological mechanism for this association is poorly understood, epigenetic alterations of metabolic-related genes in early life may have important roles in metabolic dysfunction. Thus, we investigated the associations of DNA methylations of melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF4α) with metabolic profiles in cord blood of term and preterm infants.We measured metabolic profiles in cord blood samples of 85 term and 85 preterm infants...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548364/percentiles-of-lymphocyte-subsets-in-preterm-infants-according-to-gestational-age-compared-to-children-and-adolescents
#19
S Huenecke, E Fryns, B Wittekindt, H Buxmann, C Königs, A Quaiser, D Fischer, M Bremm, T Klingebiel, U Koehl, R Schloesser, K Bochennek
Preterm newborns show an increased susceptibility to infections, conceivably related to their immature immune system. To gain further knowledge about the immune development in early preterm infants, we aimed to establish references for lymphocyte subsets and compare the maturation process during hospitalization to healthy term-born children and adolescents. For this purpose, peripheral blood samples (n = 153) were collected from 40 preterm infants, gestational age (GA) 26-30 week between 2nd and 6th day of life, and were monitored in intervals of every 2 or rather 4 weeks until the end of hospitalization...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399508/310%C3%A2-predictors-of-preoperative-developmental-delay-in-nonsyndromic-sagittal-craniosynostosis
#20
Eisha Christian, Thomas Imahiyerobo, Alexis Johns, Pedro Sanchez, Mark D Krieger, J Gordon McComb, Mark Urata
INTRODUCTION: Patients with nonsyndromic sagittal craniosynostosis (SC) were previously thought to have normal neurocognitive development; however, a pattern of mild delays has been described in these patients. We reviewed our patients with SC to identify potential perinatal risk factors that serve as indicators for subsequent developmental delay. METHODS: Nonsyndromic patients with SC (n = 66) completed preoperative Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (III) with a single examiner between August 2009 and April 2015...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
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