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NSAID medications

Tristan Pascart, Frédéric Lioté
This review article summarizes the relevant English literature on gout from 2010 through April 2017. It emphasizes that the current epidemiology of gout indicates a rising prevalence worldwide, not only in Western countries but also in Southeast Asia, in close relationship with the obesity and metabolic syndrome epidemics. New pathogenic mechanisms of chronic hyperuricaemia focus on the gut (microbiota, ABCG2 expression) after the kidney. Cardiovascular and renal comorbidities are the key points to consider in terms of management...
March 13, 2018: Rheumatology
Linda E Flinterman, Karin Hek, Joke C Korevaar, Liset van Dijk
Governments have several options to reduce the increasing costs of health care, including restrictions for the reimbursement of medicines. Next to the intended effect of reduced costs for medicines, reimbursement restriction can have unintended effects such as patients refraining from their treatment which may lead to health problems and increased use of health care. An example of a reimbursement restriction is the one for proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) that became effective in the Netherlands in January 2012...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Janelle Guirguis-Blake, Gina A Keppel, John Holmes, Rex W Force, William Kriegsman, Laura-Mae Baldwin
Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk for adverse drug events related to medication dosing errors and prescriptions for relatively contraindicated medications, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Objectives: To examine the scope of and variation in prescribing relatively contraindicated medications and medications above the recommended dose levels among patients with stage III/IV CKD in primary care practice...
February 26, 2018: Family Practice
Yashika Garg, Jatinder Singh, H S Sohal, Rajeshwari Gore, Arun Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic progressive degenerative disease of weight-bearing joints and the leading cause of disability in elderly. Current medical management of OA is mostly palliative with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) being the mainstay of therapy. Reports of gastrointestinal adverse effects with traditional NSAIDs and cardiovascular adverse effects associated with selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors have prompted the hunt for a better NSAID with no or minimal adverse effects...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
H Ooms, H U De Schepper, T G Moreels
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Small bowel ulceration poses a limited, but difficult differential diagnosis. The most common causes are Crohn's disease (CD), NSAID-associated enteritis, lymphoma, cytomegaly virus infection and tuberculosis. A less known and relatively novel differential diagnosis is cryptogenic multifocal ulcerative stenosing enteritis (CMUSE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: ive patients referred for balloon-assisted enteroscopy for various reasons showed endoscopic features of CMUSE...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Kenji Miki, Tatsunori Ikemoto, Kazuhiro Hayashi, Young-Chang Arai, Miho Sekiguchi, Kenrin Shi, Takahiro Ushida
BACKGROUND: Current worldwide clinical practice guidelines recommend acetaminophen as the first option for the treatment of acute low back pain. However, there is no concrete evidence regarding whether acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is more effective for treating acute low back pain (LBP) in Japan. The present study aimed to investigate whether acetaminophen treatment for acute musculoskeletal pain was comparable with loxoprofen (a traditional NSAID in Japan) treatment...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Isabel Coman, Beatriz Pola-Bibián, Pilar Barranco, Gemma Vila-Nadal, Javier Dominguez-Ortega, David Romero, Carlos Villasante, Santiago Quirce
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis are increasingly identified in subjects with severe asthma and could contribute to disease severity. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the prevalence of bronchiectasis in our population of subjects with severe asthma and to better characterize the clinical features of these patients and their outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical files of 184 subjects with confirmed severe asthma who had undergone a high resolution thoracic computed tomography and compared the characteristics and outcomes of subjects with and without bronchiectasis...
February 26, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Chawki Jebali, Lotfi Boukadida, Wael Chabaane, Achref Haj Ali, Ali Ousgi, Riadh Boukef
INTRODUCTION: Adult renal colic is a frequent lombo-abdominal painful syndrome in emergencies. Treatment is based on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) but the choice between different NSAIDs remains a subject of controversy. Our aim was to compare the efficacy and the safety of two intramuscularly NSAIDs in renal colic. METHODS: We conducted a 32-week, randomized, double-blind, single-center study . Patients who had renal colic with a visual analogue scale (VAS) ≥ 5 were randomly assigned to receive, by intramuscularly injection, 100 mg of Ketoprofen (GK) or 75 mg of diclofenac (GD)...
April 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Wissam K Kabbara, Hani Dimassi, Marwan Sheikh-Taha
BACKGROUND: Pain is common in older adults and clinicians are often faced by many challenges when selecting appropriate treatment due to age-related changes in pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, increased comorbidities, and polypharmacy. METHODS: We assessed the patterns of pain medications used at home among older adults admitted to the cardiology service in a tertiary care teaching center in USA from March to May 2016. A retrospective chart review was conducted where adults, 65 years of age or older, with cardiovascular diseases admitted to the cardiology service and taking at least one pain medication at home were studied...
March 1, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Liborija Lugović-Mihić, Tomislav Duvančić, Iva Ferček, Petra Vuković, Iva Japundžić, Diana Ćesić
When taking different drugs, their possible side effects on the skin should be considered, including skin reactions connected to photosensitivity. This photosensitivity caused by drugs can appear as phototoxic reactions (which occur more often) or photoallergic reactions (which occur less often and include allergic mechanisms). The following drugs stand out as medications with a high photosensitivity potential: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cardiovascular drugs (such as amiodarone), phenothiazines (especially chlorpromazine), retinoids, antibiotics (sulfonamides, tetracyclines, especially demeclocycline and quinolones), etc...
June 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
David Rabinerson, Liran Hiersch, Rinnat Gabbay-Ben-Ziv
Dysmenorrhea is a common condition among young menstruating women. It is defined as menstrual pains, which sometimes, may be so severe, as to completely cripple the affected woman in every aspect of her daily function. Dysmenorrhea may further cause female infertility problems. This disease is divided into two forms: primary - where no accompanying pelvic pathology is found, and secondary - where pelvic pathology is demonstrated. The most prevalent cause of the latter form is endometriosis. Treatment comprises of medication, such as NSAIDs or various hormonal preparations or several methods of complementary medicine, as well as surgery...
February 2018: Harefuah
J C Leao, Cdl Marques, Albp Duarte, O P de Almeida, S Porter, L A Gueiros
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) was first isolated in humans in 1952, following an epidemic in Tanzania. The origin of the name means "to bend forward or become contorted," in reference to the posture adopted by patients due to the joint pain that occurs during the infection. Epidemiology data suggest that by the end of 2015, about 1.6 million people had been infected with CHIKV. The acute period of the disease is characterized by high fever, myalgia, joint pain, and severe and disabling polyarthritis, sometimes accompanied by headache, backache, and maculopapular rash, predominantly on the thorax...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
Ihsan Ali, Javid Iqbal Dasti
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), an arbovirus belongs to the family Togaviridae and was discovered in Tanzania in year 953-54. In November 2016, an outbreak occurred in Karachi and approximately 30,000 individuals were infected with CHIKV. More than 4,000 cases were confirmed by qualitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. However, actual numbers of cases are expected to rise. For the diagnosis of chikungunya virus, several methods including viral culture, detection of viral antigen, anti-CHIKV immunoglobulin M, immunoglobulin G antibodies and viral nucleic acid can be used...
February 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Majid Mahmoodzadeh, Maryam Farhadian, Sara Alijani, Fatemeh Azizi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare two initial arch wires, 0.014″ A-NiTi and 0.016″ Heat Activated NiTi (HANT), for amount of tooth alignment and perception of pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 59 orthodontic patients (21 males and 38 females) from three orthodontic clinics participated in this 2-arm, parallel-group clinical trial and were randomized to 0.014″ A-NiTi (n=30) or 0.016″ HANT groups (n=29). Patient recruitment commenced in April 2016 and ended in December 2016...
February 22, 2018: International Orthodontics
Marcello Di Nisio, Iris M Wichers, Saskia Middeldorp
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of superficial thrombophlebitis (ST) of the legs remains poorly defined. While improving or relieving the local painful symptoms, treatment should aim at preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE), which might complicate the natural history of ST. This is the third update of a review first published in 2007. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of topical, medical, and surgical treatments for ST of the leg in improving local symptoms and decreasing thromboembolic complications...
February 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Michal Vinker Shuster, Omer Gendelman, Shmuel Tiosano, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D Cohen, Howard Amital
To assess the association of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and ischemic heart disease (IHD) compared to traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. Primary care and hospital records of patients with AS were analyzed, using the largest health maintenance organization in Israel, the "Clalit" Health Services data. These patients were compared with age- and gender-matched controls regarding the proportion of IHD in a cross-sectional study. Parameters including socioeconomic status, body mass index (BMI), smoking habits, and coexistent medical conditions hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus (DM) - as well as the use of NSAIDs and anti-TNFs were also assessed...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Jane A Mitchell, Nicholas S Kirkby
Eicosanoids represent a diverse family of lipid mediators with fundamental roles in controlling physiology and disease. Within the eicosanoid super family are prostanoids, which are specifically derived from arachidonic acid by the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX). COX has two isoforms; COX-1 and COX-2. COX-2 is the therapeutic target for the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) class of pain medications. Of the prostanoids, prostacyclin, first discovered by Sir Professor John Vane in 1976, remains amongst the best studied and retains an impressive pedigree as one the bodies fundamental cardiovascular protective pathways...
February 21, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Daphne Reinau, Matthias Schwenkglenks, Mathias Früh, Andri Signorell, Eva Blozik, Christoph R Meier
INTRODUCTION: Controversy exists as to whether glucocorticoids (GC) are ulcerogenic per se and may thus cause peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) independent of concomitantly prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between GC use and PUB with or without co-medication with NSAIDs. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study using administrative claims data from the Swiss health insurance company Helsana...
February 21, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Sara Modig, Sölve Elmståhl
Background Renal elimination normally decreases with age. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) carry a risk of additional kidney damage. Objective The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of NSAIDs in the elderly (aged ≥ 65) population in Sweden, explore reasons for any possible differences in the level of use and assess their kidney functions. Setting Data were obtained from the cohort study Good Aging in Skåne, Sweden. Patients aged 65 or more were included. Methods Medication lists were collected as well as variables such as cognition and education levels...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Roger Chou, Pierre Côté, Kristi Randhawa, Paola Torres, Hainan Yu, Margareta Nordin, Eric L Hurwitz, Scott Haldeman, Christine Cedraschi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to develop recommendations for the management of spinal disorders in low-income communities, with a focus on non-invasive pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies for non-specific low back and neck pain. METHODS: We synthesized two evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for the management of low back and neck pain. Our recommendations considered benefits, harms, quality of evidence, and costs, with attention to feasibility in medically underserved areas and low- and middle-income countries...
February 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
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