keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

spine lumbar pain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633066/an-emg-assisted-modeling-approach-to-assess-passive-lumbar-tissue-loading-in-vivo-during-trunk-bending
#1
Xiaopeng Ning
Lower back pain (LBP) is a condition with high prevalence and high cost both in the United States and around the world. The magnitude of mechanical loading on spine is strongly associated with the occurrence of LBP. Previously, to assess spinal loading, biologically assisted biomechanical models were developed to estimate trunk muscle contraction forces. Loadings on lumbar passive tissues are estimated using anatomical models. However, despite the substantial individual variability in lumbar ligament geometry and viscoelastic properties, the existing anatomical models do not account for these differences...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632644/do-former-smokers-exhibit-a-distinct-profile-before-and-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#2
Ehsan Jazini, Steven D Glassman, Erica F Bisson, Eric A Potts, Leah Y Carreon
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal cohort OBJECTIVES.: To determine if former smokers undergoing lumbar spine surgery have distinct baseline and post-operative Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs) compared to never smokers and current smokers SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Smoking has known deleterious effects on patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery. However, former smokers have not been extensively evaluated. There are few studies regarding the relationship between pack-years or duration of smoking cessation, and subsequent clinical outcome...
June 19, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632560/preoperative-depression-smoking-and-employment-status-are-significant-factors-in-patient-satisfaction-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#3
Laura Chapin, Kelly Ward, Timothy Ryken
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether comorbidities and demographics, identified preoperatively, can impact patient outcomes and satisfaction after lumbar spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The surgical treatment of lower back pain does not always eliminate a patient's pain and symptoms. Revision surgeries are costly and expose the patient to additional risk. We aim to identify patient characteristics that may suggest a greater or lesser likelihood of postsurgical success by examining patient-reported measures and outcomes after surgery...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632553/lumbar-retrolisthesis-in-aging-spine-what-are-the-associated-factors
#4
Feng Zhu, Hongda Bao, Zhen Liu, Zezhang Zhu, Shouyu He, Yong Qiu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiographic study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to demonstrate that lumbar retrolisthesis serves as an important compensatory mechanism and to identify the possible factor related to lumbar retrolisthesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar instability is one of the common degenerative changes, which presents as 2 radiologic features: anterolisthesis and retrolisthesis. Compared with the extensive studies on anterolisthesis, limit data are available on the characteristics and clinical relevance of lumbar retrolisthesis...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632548/are-modic-changes-able-to-help-us-in-our-clinical-practice-a-study-of-the-modic-changes-in-young-adults-during-working-age
#5
José V Martínez-Quiñones, José Aso-Escario, Laura González-García, Fabián Consolini, Ricardo Arregui-Calvo
STUDY DESIGN: Modic changes [vertebral endplate spinal changes (VESC)] have been related to degenerative disk disease, and in past decades it was thought that their presence justified the surgical treatment, in particular spinal fusion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate its prevalence and features in a population of young workers suffering from low back pain, and explore the eventual relationship with the treatment applied in each case. BACKGROUND DATA: We conducted a retrospectively review of 450 magnetic resonance images from our hospital, in patients with low back pain or sciatica and age below 40...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632545/computer-assisted-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-may-be-better-than-open-surgery-for-treating-degenerative-lumbar-disease
#6
Wei Tian, Yun-Feng Xu, Bo Liu, Ya-Jun Liu, Da He, Qiang Yuan, Zhao Lang, Xiao-Guang Han
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective review of prospectively collected clinical data. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of computer-assisted minimally invasive spine surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (CAMISS-TLIF) and open TLIF for the treatment of 1-level degenerative lumbar disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Minimally invasive TLIF is becoming increasingly popular; however, the limited space and high rate of hardware complications associated with this method are challenging to surgeons...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629805/association-of-hip-radiograph-findings-with-pain-and-function-in-patients-presenting-with-low-back-pain
#7
Heidi Prather, Abby Cheng, Karen Steger May, Vaibhav Maheshwari, Linda VanDillen
BACKGROUND: Relationships between low back pain (LBP) and the hip in patient cohorts have been described primarily in patients with moderate to severe hip osteoarthritis (OA). Less is known about the links of LBP with hip radiographic findings of hip deformity and minimal OA. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to 1) describe the incidence of radiographic hip deformity or hip OA, 2) describe and compare spine and hip related pain and function in the subset of patients who were found to have radiographic hip deformity or hip OA, and (3) compare patients with evidence of radiographic hip deformity or hip OA to patients without hip radiographic findings...
June 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624722/age-related-differences-in-the-response-of-the-l5-s1-intervertebral-disc-to-spinal-traction
#8
Ulrike H Mitchell, Paul F Beattie, Jennifer Bowden, Robert Larson, Hanuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Lumbar traction is a common treatment for low back pain; however its mechanisms of action are poorly understood. It has been hypothesized that a key effect of lumbar traction is its capacity to influence fluid movement within the intervertebral disc (IVD). OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) obtained with lumbar diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of the L5-S1 IVD before, and during, the application of lumbar traction...
June 9, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623897/altered-somatosensory-profile-according-to-quantitative-sensory-testing-in-patients-with-degenerative-lumbar-spine-disorders-scheduled-for-surgery
#9
Yvonne Lindbäck, Hans Tropp, Paul Enthoven, Björn Gerdle, Allan Abbott, Birgitta Öberg
BACKGROUND: Somatosensory profiling in affected and non-affected body regions can strengthen our insight regarding the underlying pain mechanisms, which can be valuable in treatment decision making and to improve outcomes, in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disorders pre-surgery. The aim was to describe somatosensory profiles in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disorders, to identify the proportion with altered somatosensory profile, and to analyze demographic characteristics, self-reported function, pain, and health pre- and 3 months post-surgery...
June 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622901/tridimensional-analysis-of-rotatory-subluxation-and-sagittal-spinopelvic-alignment-in-the-setting-of-adult-spinal-deformity
#10
Emmanuelle Ferrero, Renaud Lafage, Bassel G Diebo, Vincent Challier, Brice Illharreborde, Frank Schwab, Wafa Skalli, Pierre Guigui, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective single-center. OBJECTIVE: To investigate rotatory subluxation (RS) in adult spinal deformity (ASD) with three-dimensional (3D) stereoradiographic images and analyze relationships between RS, transverse plane parameters, spinopelvic parameters, and clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: Recent research has demonstrated that sagittal plane malalignment and listhesis correlate with ASD patient-reported outcomes. However, there is still a lack of knowledge regarding the clinical impact of 3D evaluation and rotatory subluxation...
July 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619300/clinical-effect-of-traditional-chinese-spinal-orthopedic-manipulation-in-treatment-of-functional-abdominal-pain-syndrome
#11
Liyang Xing, Liuxin Qu, Hong Chen, Song Gao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effect of Traditional Chinese Spinal Orthopedic Manipulation (TCSOM) in treating Functional Abdominal Pain Syndrome (FAPS) in comparison with Pinaverium Bromide (Dicetel, PBD), and to assess a possible cause for FAPS. METHODS: 60 cases of FAPS patients were randomly assigned to the TCSOM group and PBD group according to the random number table method. The TCSOM group was treated with thumb pressing manipulation, every other day in the first week, and once every three days in the second week, for 5 times treatments...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616747/criteria-for-failure-and-worsening-after-surgery-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-multicenter-observational-study-based-on-data-from-the-norwegian-registry-for-spine-surgery
#12
David A T Werner, Margreth Grotle, Sasha Gulati, Ivar M Austevoll, Greger Lønne, Øystein P Nygaard, Tore K Solberg
PURPOSE: In clinical decision-making, it is crucial to discuss the probability of adverse outcomes with the patient. A large proportion of the outcomes are difficult to classify as either failure or success. Consequently, cutoff values in patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for "failure" and "worsening" are likely to be different from those of "non-success". The aim of this study was to identify dichotomous cutoffs for failure and worsening, 12 months after surgical treatment for lumbar disc herniation, in a large registry cohort...
June 14, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616638/piriformis-muscle-syndrome-with-assessment-of-sciatic-nerve-using-diffusion-tensor-imaging-and-tractography-a-case-report
#13
Keizo Wada, Tomohiro Goto, Tomoya Takasago, Daisuke Hamada, Koichi Sairyo
Piriformis muscle syndrome (PMS) is difficult to diagnose by objective evaluation of sciatic nerve injury. Here we report a case of PMS diagnosed by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography of the sciatic nerve, which can assess and visualize the extent of nerve injury. The patient was a 53-year-old man with a 2-year history of continuous pain and numbness in the left leg. His symptoms worsened when sitting. Physical examination, including sensorimotor neurologic tests, the deep tendon reflex test, and the straight leg raise test, revealed no specific findings...
June 14, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616222/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-cause-of-postoperative-leg-pain-after-posterior-lumbar-fusion
#14
R Daureeawoo, S Baliga, W Mohahmed, E B Ahmed
We report the case of a 36-year old man who underwent elective posterior lumbar spinal fusion after presenting with bilateral leg pain with associated back pain. He had undergone a L5/S1 discectomy in 2001, which provided good symptomatic relief. On this admission, he underwent elective L4-S1 posterolateral fusion and bilateral L4/5 and L5/S1 decompression. Intra-operatively a pedicle screw had to be re-inserted after fluoroscopy confirmed a lateral breech. The patient had no major postoperative complications until the sixth day when the patient re-presented with acute leg pain and weakness...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609385/association-between-menopause-and-lumbar-disc-degeneration-an-mri-study-of-1-566-women-and-1-382-men
#15
Chao Lou, Hongliang Chen, Liangwei Mei, Weiyang Yu, Kejun Zhu, Feijun Liu, Zhenzhong Chen, Guangheng Xiang, Minjiang Chen, Qiaoyou Weng, Dengwei He
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to revisit and further investigate the association between menopause and disc degeneration in the lumbar spine using a magnetic resonance imaging-based eight-level grading system. METHODS: This study cohort comprised of 1,566 women and 1,382 age-matched men who were admitted for low back pain from June 2013 to October 2016. Data on age, weight, height, body mass index, age at natural menopause, and years since menopause (YSM) were obtained...
June 12, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608178/minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-in-lumbar-spondylodiscitis-a-retrospective-single-center-analysis-of-67-cases
#16
Anja Tschugg, Sebastian Hartmann, Sara Lener, Andreas Rietzler, Neururer Sabrina, Claudius Thomé
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgical techniques have been developed to minimize tissue damage, reduce narcotic requirements, decrease blood loss, and, therefore, potentially avoid prolonged immobilization. Thus, the purpose of the present retrospective study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a minimally invasive posterior approach with transforaminal lumbar interbody debridement and fusion plus pedicle screw fixation in lumbar spondylodiscitis in comparison to an open surgical approach...
June 12, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604492/a-microstructural-investigation-of-disc-disruption-induced-by-low-frequency-cyclic-loading
#17
Meredith L Schollum, Kelly R Wade, Peter A Robertson, Ashvin Thambyah, Neil D Broom
STUDY DESIGN: Microstructural investigation of low frequency cyclic loading and flexing of the lumbar disc. OBJECTIVE: To explore micro-level structural damage in motion segments subjected to low frequency repetitive loading and flexing at sub-acute loads. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cumulative exposure to mechanical load has been implicated in low back pain and injury. The mechanical pathways by which cyclic loading physically affects spine tissues remain unclear, in part due to the absence of high quality microstructural evidence...
June 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603355/biomechanical-analysis-of-infinity-rehabilitation-method-for-treatment-of-low-back-pain
#18
Matej Daniel, Michaela Tomanová, Jana Hornová, Iva Novotná, Lenka Lhotská
[Purpose] Low back pain is a pervasive problem in modern societies. Physical rehabilitation in treatment of low back pain should reduce pain, muscle tension and restore spine stability and balance. The INFINITY® rehabilitation method that is based on a figure of eight movement pattern was proved to be effective in low back pain treatment. The aim of the paper is to estimate the effect of a figure of eight motion on the L5/S1 load and lumbar spine muscle activation in comparison to other motion patterns. [Subjects and Methods] Three-dimensional model of lumbar spine musculoskeletal system is used to simulate effect of various load motion pattern induced by displacement of the center of gravity of the upper body...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600994/differences-in-lumbar-spine-and-lower-extremity-kinematics-during-a-step-down-functional-task-in-people-with-and-people-without-low-back-pain
#19
Alejandra Hernandez, Karlie Gross, Sara Gombatto
BACKGROUND: When functional movements are impaired in people with low back pain, they may be a contributing factor to chronicity and recurrence. The purpose of the current study was to examine lumbar spine, pelvis, and lower extremity kinematics during a step down functional task between people with and without a history of low back pain. METHODS: A 3-dimensional motion capture system was used to analyze kinematics during a step down task. Total excursion of the lumbar spine, pelvis, and lower extremity segments in each plane were calculated from the start to end of the task...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599647/association-of-lumbar-spine-stiffness-and-flexion-relaxation-phenomenon-with-patient-reported-outcomes-in-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-single-arm-clinical-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-thrust-spinal-manipulation
#20
Ting Xia, Cynthia R Long, Robert D Vining, Maruti R Gudavalli, James W DeVocht, Gregory N Kawchuk, David G Wilder, Christine M Goertz
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulation (SM) is used commonly for treating low back pain (LBP). Spinal stiffness is routinely assessed by clinicians performing SM. Flexion-relaxation ratio (FRR) was shown to distinguish between LBP and healthy populations. The primary objective of this study was to examine the association of these two physiological variables with patient-reported pain intensity and disability in adults with chronic LBP (>12 weeks) receiving SM. METHODS: A single-arm trial provided 12 sessions of side-lying thrust SM in the lumbosacral region over 6 weeks...
June 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
keyword
keyword
109308
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"