Read by QxMD icon Read

calcium pyrophosphate microcrystal arthritis

Guillaume Coiffier, Jean-David Albert, François Robin, Pascal Guggenbuhl
Joint fluid analysis must be performed as part of the diagnostic workup for acute arthritis, most notably to rule out septic arthritis and to allow the identification of crystal-induced arthritis (gout or calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease), which is one of the most common causes. However, the detection of monosodium urate or calcium pyrophosphate microcrystals is not the only goal of the polarized light microscopy examination of joint fluid. Other, less common microcrystals may be found. Among them are phospholipid microspherules, which are easily recognized microscopically based on their Maltese cross-like appearance...
December 15, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Paola Galozzi, Francesca Oliviero, Paola Frallonardo, Marta Favero, Ariela Hoxha, Anna Scanu, Mariagrazia Lorenzin, Augusta Ortolan, Leonardo Punzi, Roberta Ramonda
The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of monosodium urate (MSU) and calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals in synovial fluids (SFs) aspirated from wrist and finger joints of patients with previously diagnosed joint diseases. We reviewed the results of SF analysis of 1593 samples and identified 126 patients with effusions in the small joints of the hands and wrists. We reported from patients' medical files data about sex, age, diagnosis, disease duration and the microscopic SF results. The prevalence of CPP crystals in SF was 85...
March 2016: Rheumatology International
R Ramonda, P Frallonardo, F Oliviero, M G Lorenzin, A Ortolan, A Scanu, L Punzi
Microcrystals are responsible for some of the most common and complex arthropathies which are often accompanied by intense, severe pain and inflammatory reactions. The main pathogens are crystals of monosodium urate (MSU), responsible for the gout, calcium pyrophosphate (CPP), which deposits also in various clinical forms of arthopathies, and basic calcium phosphate associated with osteoarthritis. In this context, the microcrystal arthritis is characterized by multiple, acute attacks followed by chronic pain, disability, impaired quality of life, and increased mortality...
2014: Reumatismo
Nathalie Busso, Alexander So
Microcrystals associated with joint diseases, namely monosodium urate, calcium pyrophosphate and basic calcium phosphate, can be considered as 'danger signals' to the innate immune system and provoke inflammation through inflammasome-dependent as well as inflammasome-independent pathways. Direct crystal membrane interactions can also lead to cell activation. The result is the generation of IL-1β and other pro-inflammatory cytokines. The primacy of IL-1β in the case of gouty inflammation has been demonstrated by the efficacy of IL-1 inhibitors in clinical studies...
July 2012: Rheumatology
N Busso, H-K Ea
Recent advances have stimulated new interest in the area of crystal arthritis, as microcrystals can be considered to be endogenous "danger signals" and are potent stimulators of immune as well as non-immune cells. The best known microcrystals include urate (MSU), and calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals, associated with gout and pseudogout, respectively. Acute inflammation is the hallmark of the acute tissue reaction to crystals in both gout and pseudogout. The mechanisms leading to joint inflammation in these diseases involve first crystal formation and subsequent coating with serum proteins...
January 19, 2012: Reumatismo
Frédéric Lioté
Crystal-induced arthritis (CIA) is easy to diagnose as soon as the physician might suspect the diagnosis. Indeed, CIA can be readily ascertained since one single gold standard is available: identification of microcrystals in synovial fluid or in other materials (tophus, synovial tissue biopsy, periarticular tissues). It is therefore mandatory to perform joint aspiration and to get synovial fluid sample for microscopic examination. Monosodium urate crystals are the key feature of gout, and calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals are associated with CPP disease, also called "chondrocalcinosis" in France...
September 2011: La Presse Médicale
Aaron Hernandez-Santana, Alexander Yavorskyy, Sinéad T Loughran, Geraldine M McCarthy, Gillian P McMahon
BACKGROUND: The presence of calcium phosphate crystals such as basic calcium phosphate and calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate in intra-articular fluid is linked to a number of destructive arthropathies and detection of these deposits is often pivotal for early diagnosis and appropriate management of such disease. RESULTS: We describe the use of a calcium-sensitive dye, Fluo-4, to selectively label calcium-containing mineral deposits in synovial fluid, which can then be easily visualized using a standard fluorescence microscope...
May 2011: Bioanalysis
C Beck, H Morbach, P Richl, M Stenzel, H J Girschick
Hypophosphatasia (HP) is a rare inborn error of bone and mineral metabolism characterized by a defect in the tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) gene. Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals are known to accumulate as substrates of TNSALP in tissues and joints of patients with HP. In CPPD-induced arthritis these crystals are known to induce an inflammatory response. HP patients do suffer from pain in their lower extremities. However, it is not clear whether CPPD crystals contribute to these musculoskeletal complaints in HP...
January 2009: Rheumatology International
Ashwinikumar A Raut, Sudha Sunder, Subrata Sarkar, Nancy S Pandita, Ashok D B Vaidya
Several Ayurvedic plants are known to have activity against diverse urinary crystals. The traditional knowledge of Ayurveda, collective clinical experience in arthritis and the earlier experimental studies on urinary crystals led to the selection of three plants, viz. Rotula aquatica, Commiphora wightii Bhandari syn. C.mukul. and Boerhaavia diffusa for screening anticrystal activity against basic calcium phosphate (BCP), calcium pyrophosphate (CPPD) and monosodium urate monohydrate (MSUM). The effects of each plant were assayed on microcrystals in 24-well microplates in vitro...
December 2008: Fitoterapia
Patrícia Nero, Isabel Nogueira, Rui Vilar, J Bravo Pimentão, Jaime C Branco
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice crystal identification in synovial fluid is made by polarized light microscopy and with some specific stainings. Nevertheless, sometimes we are unable to identify crystals by these means, either because they are too small or because they are widespread on the fluid. AIMS: To compare the identification of crystals in synovial fluid from patients with non-infectious monoarthritis but no history of local trauma or articular disease, using polarized light and electronic microscopy...
January 2006: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
F Oliviero, L Punzi
The inflammatory response to microcrystals is one of the most powerful and intriguing examples of inflammation observable in man. Although many mechanisms of this reaction are well known, some aspects need to be further clarified, in particular those related to the self-limited nature of the process. Type and duration of the inflammatory reactions are mainly influenced by crystals characteristics, including shape and size, which, in turn may involve the crystal- binding of several proteins, essential for the modulation of cellular responses...
2003: Reumatismo
Line Bouchard, Paul H Naccache, Patrice E Poubelle
Human osteoblast-like cells (hOB) stimulated by monosodium urate monohydrate (MSUM) or calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) microcrystals produce the neutrophil chemoattractant IL-8. We investigated whether human neutrophils can adhere to hOB and respond to hOB preactivated by MSUM, CPPD, or by f-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP). Confluent hOB were coincubated with human blood neutrophils in the presence of MSUM, CPPD or fMLP. MSUM, CPPD, and fMLP stimulated a significant adherence of neutrophils to hOB after a 1h incubation...
August 23, 2002: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Line Bouchard, Rinaldo de Médicis, André Lussier, Paul H Naccache, Patrice E Poubelle
Chronic crystal-associated arthropathies such as gout and pseudogout can lead to local bone destruction. Because osteoblasts, which orchestrate bone remodeling via soluble factors and cell-to-cell interactions, have been described in contact with microcrystals, particularly in uratic foci of gout, we hypothesized that microcrystals of monosodium urate monohydrate (MSUM) and of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) could alter osteoblastic functions. MSUM and CPPD adhered to human osteoblastic cells (hOB) in vitro and were partly phagocytized as shown by scanning electron microscopy...
May 15, 2002: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
J A Hamilton, G McCarthy, G Whitty
The interaction of particulates with resident macrophages is a consistent feature in certain forms of crystal-induced inflammation, for example, in synovial tissues, lung, and the peritoneum. The mitogenic activity of basic calcium phosphate (BCP) crystals and calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals on synovial fibroblasts has been considered relevant to the synovial hyperplasia observed in crystal-induced arthritis. The aim of the study was to determine whether microcrystals such as these could enhance macrophage survival and induce DNA synthesis, thus indicating that they may contribute to the tissue hyperplasia...
2001: Arthritis Research
C Bernardeau, B Bucki, F Lioté
Side effects of intra-articular hyaluronate injection include aseptic acute arthritis, which develops within hours after injection. Based on standard crystal analysis, calcium crystal shedding has been postulated to explain this complication. However, it is not known whether apatite crystals or low amounts of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals are also involved as to determine this requires a complete synovial fluid (SF) analysis. Two cases of such an acute arthritis are reported in patients after receiving a second Hylan GF-20 intra-articular injection...
May 2001: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
M Pouliot, M J James, S R McColl, P H Naccache, L G Cleland
The formation and deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) microcrystals in articular and periarticular tissues is the causative agent of acute or chronic inflammatory responses known as gouty arthritis. Mononuclear phagocyte activation is involved in early triggering events of gout attacks. Because stimulated mononuclear phagocytes can constitute an important source of the inducible isoform of cyclooxygenase (COX-2), we evaluated the effects that proinflammatory microcrystals might have on COX-2 protein expression in crystal-stimulated monocytes...
March 1, 1998: Blood
C Orzincolo, P N Scutellari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1993: La Radiologia Medica
D Tourlière, C L Benhamou
Although not strictly of crystalline nature, various formations can be observed in joint fluids and be responsible for "microcrystalline" arthritis. They can consist of lipidic structures (cholesterol crystals, fatty lobules, liposomes) or calcium crystalline structures such as calcium oxalate crystals detected in fluids of dialyzed chronic renal failure patients, reflecting primary or secondary oxalosis. Other phosphate calcium crystals have been identified, associated to apatite or pyrophosphate crystals, but their pathogenic role is uncertain...
January 15, 1994: La Revue du Praticien
C J Menkes, L Chouraki
Articular chondrocalcinosis is identified by radiological opacity of articular cartilage and fibrocartilage with calcium intensity. This disease is often asymptomatic. The most significant clinical pattern is an acute arthritis, caused by microcrystals of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate, the so-called pseudo-gout syndrome. Chronic pyrophosphate arthropathy can blend mechanical illness and inflammatory flares. When the X-rays are normal or display ordinary osteoarthritis, arthrocentesis makes the diagnosis thanks to the identification of calcium pyrophosphate crystals by polarizing microscope...
January 15, 1994: La Revue du Praticien
J Villiaumey, B Avouac
In a preceding article, we described "pseudogout" which is the expression of an episode of acute synovitis related to microcrystals of dehydrated calcium pyrophosphate invading the joint. This brutal episode of inflammation, predominantly occurring in the knee joint, is the most spectacular, most frequent and most characteristic manifestation of articular chondrocalcinosis. We attempted to demonstrate the important role of radiographs in the diagnosis, discovering in many cases the microcrystal impregnation of cartilage and fibrocartilage...
June 1994: Journal de Radiologie
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"