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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228017/adsorption-mechanism-of-an-antimicrobial-peptide-on-carbonaceous-surfaces-a-molecular-dynamics-study
#1
Danilo Roccatano, Edita Sarukhanyan, Ronen Zangi
Peptides are versatile molecules with applications spanning from biotechnology to nanomedicine. They exhibit a good capability to unbundle carbon nanotubes (CNT) by improving their solubility in water. Furthermore, they are a powerful drug delivery system since they can easily be uptaken by living cells, and their high surface-to-volume ratio facilitates the adsorption of molecules of different natures. Therefore, understanding the interaction mechanism between peptides and CNT is important for designing novel therapeutical agents...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194425/molecular-cloning-bioinformatic-analysis-and-expression-of-bombyx-mori-lebocin-5-gene-related-to-beauveria-bassiana-infection
#2
Dingding Lü, Chengxiang Hou, Guangxing Qin, Kun Gao, Tian Chen, Xijie Guo
A full-length cDNA of lebocin 5 (BmLeb5) was first cloned from silkworm, Bombyx mori, by rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The BmLeb5 gene is 808 bp in length and the open reading frame encodes a 179-amino acid hydroxyproline-rich peptide. Bioinformatic analysis results showed that BmLeb5 owns an O-glycosylation site and four RXXR motifs as other lebocins. Sequence similarity and phylogenic analysis results indicated that lebocins form a multiple gene family in silkworm as cecropins. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that BmLeb5 was highest expressed in the fat body...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181522/corrigendum-efficient-biosynthesis-of-a-cecropin-a-melittin-mutant-in-bacillus-subtilis-wb700
#3
Shengyue Ji, Weili Li, Abdul Rasheed Baloch, Meng Wang, Hengxin Li, Binyun Cao, Hongfu Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178190/high-specific-selectivity-and-membrane-active-mechanism-of-synthetic-cationic-hybrid-antimicrobial-peptides-based-on-the-peptide-fv7
#4
Tingting Tan, Di Wu, Weizhong Li, Xin Zheng, Weifen Li, Anshan Shan
Hybrid peptides integrating different functional domains of peptides have many advantages, such as remarkable antimicrobial activity, lower hemolysis and ideal cell selectivity, compared with natural antimicrobial peptides. FV7 (FRIRVRV-NH₂), a consensus amphiphilic sequence was identified as being analogous to host defense peptides. In this study, we designed a series of hybrid peptides FV7-LL-37 (17-29) (FV-LL), FV7-magainin 2 (9-21) (FV-MA) and FV7-cecropin A (1-8) (FV-CE) by combining the FV7 sequence with the small functional sequences LL-37 (17-29) (LL), magainin 2 (9-21) (MA) and cecropin A (1-8) (CE) which all come from well-described natural peptides...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092440/molecular-interactions-between-graphene-and-biological-molecules
#5
Xingquan Zou, Shuai Wei, Joshua Jasensky, Minyu Xiao, Qiuming Wang, Charles L Brooks Iii, Zhan Chen
Applications of graphene have extended into areas of nanobio-technology such as nanobio-medicine, nanobio-sensing, as well as nanoelectronics with biomolecules. These applications involve interactions between proteins, peptides, DNA, RNA etc. and graphene, therefore understanding such molecular interactions is essential. For example, many applications based on using graphene and peptides require peptides to interact with (e.g., noncovalently bind to) graphene at one end, while simultaneously exposing the other end to the surrounding medium (e...
January 27, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089733/antimicrobial-peptide-gene-cecropin-2-and-defensin-respond-to-peptidoglycan-infection-in-the-female-adult-of-oriental-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis-hendel
#6
Shi-Huo Liu, Dong Wei, Guo-Rui Yuan, Hong-Bo Jiang, Wei Dou, Jin-Jun Wang
Cecropins and defensins are important antimicrobial peptides in insects and are inducible after injection of immune triggers. In this study, we cloned the cDNAs of two antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), cecropin-2 (BdCec-2) and defensin (BdDef) from Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), a serious pest causing great economic losses to fruits and vegetables. The BdCec-2 sequence of 192bp encodes a protein of 63 amino acids residues with a predicted molecular weight of 6.78kD. The 282bp cDNA of BdDef encodes a protein of 93 residues with a predicted molecular weight of 9...
January 12, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071737/efficient-biosynthesis-of-a-cecropin-a-melittin-mutant-in-bacillus-subtilis-wb700
#7
Shengyue Ji, Weili Li, Abdul Rasheed Baloch, Meng Wang, Hengxin Li, Binyun Cao, Hongfu Zhang
The efficient production of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) for clinical applications has attracted the attention of the scientific community. To develop a novel microbial cell factory for the efficient biosynthesis of a cecropin A-melittin mutant (CAM-W), a recombinant Bacillus subtilis WB700 expression system was genetically modified with a novel vector, including a fusion gene encoding CAM-W, the autoprotease EDDIE and the signal peptide SacB under the control of the maltose-inducible promoter Pglv. A total of 159 mg of CAM-W was obtained from 1 L of fermentation supernatant...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013509/studying-the-interaction-of-magainin-2-and-cecropin-a-with-e-coli-bacterial-cells-using-circular-dichroism
#8
Concetta Avitabile, Luca Domenico D'Andrea, Alessandra Romanelli
The potential of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as an effective therapeutic alternative to classic and current antibiotics has encouraged studies to understand how they interact with the bacterial membrane. Here we describe how to detect, by circular dichroism (CD), the secondary structures of two antimicrobial peptides, magainin 2 and cecropin A, in the presence of E. coli bacterial cells.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008655/characterization-and-functional-study-of-a-cecropin-like-peptide-from-the-chinese-oak-silkworm-antheraea-pernyi
#9
Shao-Liang Fang, Lei Wang, Qi Fang, Chen Chen, Xiao-San Zhao, Cen Qian, Guo-Qing Wei, Bao-Jian Zhu, Chao-Liang Liu
In present study, a Cecropin-like peptide from Antheraea pernyi (ApCec) was cloned and characterized. The full-length ApCec cDNA encoded a protein with 64 amino acids including a putative 22-amino-acid signal peptide, a 4-amino-acid propeptide, and a 38-amino-acid mature peptide. ApCec gene was highly expressed in Malpighian tubules of A. pernyi after induction for 24 h by Escherichia coli in PBS. Pro-ApCec (including propeptide and mature peptide) and M-ApCec (just mature peptide) were synthesized chemically and analyzed by HPLC and mass spectroscopy...
January 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999446/antimicrobial-activity-and-interactions-of-cationic-peptides-derived-from-galleria-mellonella-cecropin-d-like-peptide-with-model-membranes
#10
José Oñate-Garzón, Marcela Manrique-Moreno, Steven Trier, Chad Leidy, Rodrigo Torres, Edwin Patiño
Antimicrobial peptides are effector molecules of the innate immune system against invading pathogens. The cationic charge in their structures has a strong correlation with antimicrobial activity, being responsible for the initial electrostatic interaction between peptides and the anionic microbial surface. This paper contains evidence that charge modification in the neutral peptide Gm cecropin D-like (WT) improved the antimicrobial activity of the modified peptides. Two cationic peptides derived from WT sequence named as ΔM1 and ΔM2, with net charge of +5 and +9, respectively, showed at least an eightfold increase in their antimicrobial activity in comparison to WT...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867076/the-dna-chaperone-hmgb1-potentiates-the-transcriptional-activity-of-rel1a-in-the-mosquito-aedes-aegypti
#11
Anderson de Mendonça Amarante, Natapong Jupatanakul, Isabel Caetano de Abreu da Silva, Vitor Coutinho Carneiro, Amanda Roberta Revoredo Vicentino, George Dimopolous, Octávio Augusto C Talyuli, Marcelo Rosado Fantappié
High Mobility Group protein 1 (HMGB1) is a non-histone, chromatin-associated nuclear protein that functions in regulating eukaryotic gene expression. We investigated the influence and mechanism of action of Aedes aegypti HMGB1 (AaHMGB1) on mosquito Rel1A-mediated transcription from target gene promoters. The DNA-binding domain (RHD) of AaRel1A was bacterially expressed and purified, and AaHMGB1 dramatically enhanced RHD binding to consensus NF-kB/Rel DNA response elements. Luciferase reporter analyses using a cecropin gene promoter showed that AaHMGB1 potentiates the transcriptional activity of AaRel1A in Aag-2 cells...
January 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866312/transgenic-citrus-expressing-synthesized-cecropin-b-genes-in-the-phloem-exhibits-decreased-susceptibility-to-huanglongbing
#12
Xiuping Zou, Xueyou Jiang, Lanzhen Xu, Tiangang Lei, Aihong Peng, Yongrui He, Lixiao Yao, Shanchun Chen
Expression of synthesized cecropin B genes in the citrus phloem, where Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus resides, significantly decreased host susceptibility to Huanglongbing. Huanglongbing (HLB), associated with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus bacteria, is the most destructive disease of citrus worldwide. All of the commercial sweet orange cultivars lack resistance to this disease. The cationic lytic peptide cecropin B, isolated from the Chinese tasar moth (Antheraea pernyi), has been shown to effectively eliminate bacteria...
November 19, 2016: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836665/expression-profiling-of-bombyx-mori-gloverin2-gene-and-its-synergistic-antifungal-effect-with-cecropin-a-against-beauveria-bassiana
#13
Dingding Lü, Tao Geng, Chengxiang Hou, Guangxing Qin, Kun Gao, Xijie Guo
Gloverin2 is a cationic and glycine-rich antimicrobial peptide whose expression can be induced in fat body of silkworm (Bombyx mori) larvae exposed to bacteria. The purpose of this study is to identify the roles of Bombyx mori gloverin2 (Bmgloverin2) during entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana infection. Fluorescent quantitative real-time PCR analysis indicated that the relative expression level of Bmgloverin2 gene was up-regulated in the silkworm larvae infected by B. bassiana. The cDNA of Bmgloverin2 was cloned from the silkworm by RT-PCR and the DNA segment of the Bmgloverin2 peptide (without signal peptide sequence) was inserted into pCzn1 expression plasmid and expressed in E...
February 5, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760824/rna-interference-directed-against-the-transglutaminase-gene-triggers-dysbiosis-of-gut-microbiota-in-drosophila
#14
Sanae Sekihara, Toshio Shibata, Mai Hyakkendani, Shun-Ichiro Kawabata
We recently reported that transglutaminase (TG) suppresses immune deficiency pathway-controlled antimicrobial peptides (IMD-AMPs), thereby conferring immune tolerance to gut microbes, and that RNAi of the TG gene in flies decreases the lifespan compared with non-TG-RNAi flies. Here, analysis of the bacterial composition of the Drosophila gut by next-generation sequencing revealed that gut microbiota comprising one dominant genus of Acetobacter in non-TG-RNAi flies was shifted to that comprising two dominant genera of Acetobacter and Providencia in TG-RNAi flies...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727519/specific-surface-glycan-decorations-enable-antimicrobial-peptide-resistance-in-plant-beneficial-pseudomonads-with-insect-pathogenic-properties
#15
Peter Kupferschmied, Tiancong Chai, Pascale Flury, Jochen Blom, Theo H M Smits, Monika Maurhofer, Christoph Keel
Some plant-beneficial pseudomonads can invade and kill pest insects in addition to their ability to protect plants from phytopathogens. We explored the genetic basis of O-polysaccharide (O-PS, O-antigen) biosynthesis in the representative insecticidal strains Pseudomonas protegens CHA0 and Pseudomonas chlororaphis PCL1391 and investigated its role in insect pathogenicity. Both strains produce two distinct forms of O-PS, but differ in the organization of their O-PS biosynthesis clusters. Biosynthesis of the dominant O-PS in both strains depends on a gene cluster similar to the O-specific antigen (OSA) cluster of Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
November 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682168/35s-promoter-methylation-in-kanamycin-resistant-kalanchoe-kalanchoe-pinnata-l-plants-expressing-the-antimicrobial-peptide-cecropin-p1-transgene
#16
T V Shevchuk, N S Zakharchenko, S V Tarlachkov, O V Furs, O V Dyachenko, Y I Buryanov
Transgenic kalanchoe plants (Kalanchoe pinnata L.) expressing the antimicrobial peptide cecropin P1 gene (cecP1) under the control of the 35S cauliflower mosaic virus 35S RNA promoter and the selective neomycin phosphotransferase II (nptII) gene under the control of the nopaline synthase gene promoter were studied. The 35S promoter methylation and the cecropin P1 biosynthesis levels were compared in plants growing on media with and without kanamycin. The low level of active 35S promoter methylation further decreases upon cultivation on kanamycin-containing medium, while cecropin P1 synthesis increases...
September 2016: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586266/fat-body-and-hemocyte-contribution-to-the-antimicrobial-peptide-synthesis-in-calliphora-vicina-r-d-diptera-calliphoridae-larvae
#17
Andrey Yu Yakovlev, Alexander P Nesin, Nina P Simonenko, Natalia A Gordya, Dmitriy V Tulin, Anastasia A Kruglikova, Sergey I Chernysh
Antimicrobial peptides accumulated in the hemolymph in response to infection are a key element of insect innate immunity. The involvement of the fat body and hemocytes in the antimicrobial peptide synthesis is widely acknowledged, although release of the peptides present in the hemolymph from the immune cells was not directly verified so far. Here, we studied the presence of antimicrobial peptides in the culture medium of fat body cells and hemocytes isolated from the blue blowfly Calliphora vicina using complex of liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, and antimicrobial activity assays...
September 1, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580602/novel-bis-5-methyltetrazolium-amine-ligand-bonded-stationary-phase-with-reduced-leakage-of-metal-ions-in-immobilized-metal-affinity-chromatography-of-proteins
#18
Chunmiao Bo, Chaozhan Wang, Yinmao Wei
Immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) has been widely used for the specific separation of biopolymers. However, leakage of metal ions from IMAC adsorbents is of concern in IMAC. In this study, we designed a novel tridenate bis(5-methyltetrazolium)amine (BMTA) to reduce the leakage of metal ions by improving the affinity to immobilized metal ions. The ligand was bonded onto silica via three-step reaction to prepare a high-performance IMAC stationary phase. The chromatographic behaviors of ribonuclease A, cytochrome c, and lysozyme on the Cu(II)-, Ni(II)-, and Zn(II)-chelated stationary phase were investigated with respect to pH effect and elution with an imidazole gradient...
November 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554395/two-isoforms-of-piscidin-from-malabar-grouper-epinephelus-malabaricus-expression-and-functional-characterization
#19
Zhen-Ping Li, Da-Wei Chen, Yan-Qiu Pan, Li Deng
Two isoforms of piscidin from Malabar grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus), EmPis-1 and EmPis-2, were cloned and studied. EmPis-1 and EmPis-2 showed the different in the 3'UTR features of mRNA and gene expression patterns. AUUUA-motif-containing ARE was found in mRNA of EmPis-1, but not in that of EmPis-2. EmPis-1 and EmPis-2 expressed not only in the potential sites of pathogen entry, but also in grouper's immune-related tissues such as head kidney (HD), peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) and spleen. The expression level of EmPis-1 was higher than that of EmPis-2 in most fish tissues...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544268/identification-of-an-anti-lipopolysacchride-factor-possessing-both-antiviral-and-antibacterial-activity-from-the-red-claw-crayfish-cherax-quadricarinatus
#20
Feng-Yu Lin, Yan Gao, Hao Wang, Qiu-Xia Zhang, Chang-Lin Zeng, Hai-Peng Liu
It is well-known that anti-lipopolysacchride factors (ALFs) are involved in the recognition and elimination of invading pathogens. In this study, the full-length ALF cDNA sequence of the red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus (termed CqALF) was cloned from a suppression subtractive hybridization library constructed using red claw crayfish hematopoietic tissue cell (Hpt cell) cultures following challenge with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). The full-length cDNA sequence of CqALF was 863 bp, and the open reading frame encoded 123 amino acids with a signal peptide in the N-terminus and a conserved LPS-binding domain...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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