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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929477/superstorm-sandy-emergency-management-staff-perceptions-of-impact-and-recommendations-for-future-preparedness-new-york-state
#1
Adam Yanson, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie Mack, Millicent Eidson, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: This study collected and summarized feedback from staff at the New York State (NYS) Office of Emergency Management (OEM) and three county OEMs within NYS to understand lessons learned from the 2012 Superstorm Sandy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative analysis. SUBJECTS, PARTICIPANTS: One staff person from each identified critical role from the state and county OEMs who were still employed in the roles identified...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900762/novel-reassortant-clade-2-3-4-4-avian-influenza-a-h5n8-virus-in-a-grey-heron-in-south-korea-in-2017
#2
Chanjin Woo, Jung-Hoon Kwon, Dong-Hun Lee, Youngsik Kim, Kwanghee Lee, Seong-Deok Jo, Ki Dong Son, Jae-Ku Oem, Seung-Jun Wang, Yongkwan Kim, Jeonghwa Shin, Chang-Seon Song, Weonhwa Jheong, Jipseol Jeong
We report the identification of a novel reassortant clade 2.3.4.4 H5N8 virus from a dead grey heron in Korea in 2017. Outbreaks of clade 2.3.4.4 H5 HPAIVs have been reported worldwide, and they have evolved into multiple genotypes among wild birds. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that this virus likely originated from Qinghai Lake and Western Siberia and further evolved through reassortment with Eurasian LPAI during the 2016 fall migration of wild birds. Enhanced surveillance and comparative genetic analysis will help to monitor the further evolution and dissemination of clade 2...
September 12, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841178/biosynthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-orthodontic-elastomeric-modules-evaluation-of-mechanical-and-antibacterial-properties
#3
Alma E Hernández-Gómora, Edith Lara-Carrillo, Julio B Robles-Navarro, Rogelio J Scougall-Vilchis, Susana Hernández-López, Carlo E Medina-Solís, Raúl A Morales-Luckie
In the present study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized in situ on orthodontic elastomeric modules (OEM) using silver nitrate salts as metal-ion precursors and extract of the plant Hetheroteca inuloides (H. inuloides) as bioreductant via a simple and eco-friendly method. The synthesized AgNPs were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy; scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The surface plasmon resonance peak found at 472 nm confirmed the formation of AgNPs...
August 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725945/genetic-characteristics-of-coronaviruses-from-korean-bats-in-2016
#4
Saemi Lee, Seong-Deok Jo, Kidong Son, Injung An, Jipseol Jeong, Seung-Jun Wang, Yongkwan Kim, Weonhwa Jheong, Jae-Ku Oem
Bats have increasingly been recognized as the natural reservoir of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), coronavirus, and other coronaviruses found in mammals. However, little research has been conducted on bat coronaviruses in South Korea. In this study, bat samples (332 oral swabs, 245 fecal samples, 38 urine samples, and 57 bat carcasses) were collected at 33 natural bat habitat sites in South Korea. RT-PCR and sequencing were performed for specific coronavirus genes to identify the bat coronaviruses in different bat samples...
July 19, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718790/preliminary-study-of-uas-equipped-with-thermal-camera-for-volcanic-geothermal-monitoring-in-taiwan
#5
Shih-Hong Chio, Cheng-Horng Lin
Thermal infrared cameras sense the temperature information of sensed scenes. With the development of UASs (Unmanned Aircraft Systems), thermal infrared cameras can now be carried on a quadcopter UAV (Unmanned Aircraft Vehicle) to appropriately collect high-resolution thermal images for volcanic geothermal monitoring in a local area. Therefore, the quadcopter UAS used to acquire thermal images for volcanic geothermal monitoring has been developed in Taiwan as part of this study to overcome the difficult terrain with highly variable topography and extreme environmental conditions...
July 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716151/predictive-factors-of-ovarian-carcinoma-for-women-with-ovarian-endometrioma-aged-45%C3%A2-years-and-older-in-china
#6
Zheng-Xing He, Hong-Hui Shi, Qing-Bo Fan, Lan Zhu, Jin-Hua Leng, Da-Wei Sun, Zhan-Fei Li, Keng Shen, Shu Wang, Jing-He Lang
BACKGROUND: To explore the risk factors of endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer (EAOC) in women with ovarian endometriosis (OEM) aged 45 years and above in China. METHODS: This study reviewed the medical records of 1038 women in total who were aged 45 years and above, surgical-pathologically diagnosed with ovarian endometriosis, and were treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between December 1996 and December 2016. Histology evaluation was used to determine whether the ovarian endometriosis specimen was with (n = 30) or without (n = 1008) ovarian cancer...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673487/experimental-infection-of-goats-with-a-newly-isolated-strain-of-akabane-virus-that-causes-encephalomyelitis
#7
H Jeong, J-K Oem, M-S Yang, D Yang, M-S Kim, K-H Lee, M-H Lee, C-W Lim, B Kim
In 2010, there was a large-scale outbreak of bovine encephalomyelitis in Korea, and 15 new strains of Akabane virus (AKAV) were isolated. To identify the pathogenicity of one of these strains, we infected adult goats with AKAV-7 via different routes. Twenty-five female goats were used in this study and were divided into five groups: intracerebral (IC) and intrasubarachnoid (IS) viral inoculation (n = 8 each), intravenous (IV) inoculation (n = 4), and vaccinated before IV inoculation (n = 4), in addition to a negative control animal...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652920/perception-of-and-attitude-toward-ethical-issues-among-korean-occupational-physicians
#8
Junghye Choi, Chunhui Suh, Jong-Tae Lee, Segyeong Lee, Chae-Kwan Lee, Gyeong-Jin Lee, Taekjoong Kim, Byung-Chul Son, Jeong-Ho Kim, Kunhyung Kim, Dae Hwan Kim, Ji Young Ryu
BACKGROUND: Occupational physicians (OPs) have complex relationships with employees, employers, and the general public. OPs may have simultaneous obligations towards third parties, which can lead to variable conflicts of interests. Among the various studies of ethical issues related to OPs, few have focused on the Korean OPs. The aim of the present survey was to investigate the ethical contexts, the practical resolutions, and the ethical principles for the Korean OPs. METHODS: An email with a self-administered questionnaire was sent to members of the Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, comprising 150 specialists and 130 residents...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579580/molecular-prevalence-and-genotyping-of-chlamydia-spp-in-wild-birds-from-south-korea
#9
Jipseol Jeong, Injung An, Jae-Ku Oem, Seung-Jun Wang, Yongkwan Kim, Jeong-Hwa Shin, Chanjin Woo, Youngsik Kim, Seong-Deok Jo, Kidong Son, Saemi Lee, Weonhwa Jheong
Wild birds are reservoirs for Chlamydia spp. Of the total 225 samples from wild birds during January to September 2016 in Korea, 4 (1.8%) and 2 (0.9%) showed positive for Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia gallinacea, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses and comparisons of sequence identities for outer-membrane protein A (ompA) revealed that Korean C. psittaci fall into three previously known genotypes; genotype E, 1V and 6N, whereas the Korean C. gallinacea were classified as new variants of C. gallinacea. Our study demonstrates that wild birds in South Korea carry at least two Chlamydia species: C...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530097/total-particle-number-emissions-from-modern-diesel-natural-gas-and-hybrid-heavy-duty-vehicles-during-on-road-operation
#10
Tianyang Wang, David C Quiros, Arvind Thiruvengadam, Saroj Pradhan, Shaohua Hu, Tao Huai, Eon S Lee, Yifang Zhu
Particle emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) have significant environmental and public health impacts. This study measured total particle number emission factors (PNEFs) from six newly certified HDVs powered by diesel and compressed natural gas totaling over 6800 miles of on-road operation in California. Distance-, fuel- and work-based PNEFs were calculated for each vehicle. Distance-based PNEFs of vehicles equipped with original equipment manufacturer (OEM) diesel particulate filters (DPFs) in this study have decreased by 355-3200 times compared to a previous retrofit DPF dynamometer study...
June 2, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370119/better-demand-signal-better-decisions-evaluation-of-big-data-in-a-licensed-remanufacturing-supply-chain-with-environmental-risk-considerations
#11
Baozhuang Niu, Zongbao Zou
Big data ability helps obtain more accurate demand signal. However, is better demand signal always beneficial for the supply chain parties? To answer this question, we investigate a remanufacturing supply chain (RSC), where demand uncertainty is significant, and the value to reduce environmental risk is large. Specifically, we focus on a licensed RSC comprising an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and a third-party remanufacturer (3PR). The latter pays a unit license fee to the former, and can be risk averse to the demand of remanufactured products...
March 30, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327168/identification-of-two-novel-reassortant-avian-influenza-a-h5n6-viruses-in-whooper-swans-in-korea-2016
#12
Jipseol Jeong, Chanjin Woo, Hon S Ip, Injung An, Youngsik Kim, Kwanghee Lee, Seong-Deok Jo, Kidong Son, Saemi Lee, Jae-Ku Oem, Seung-Jun Wang, Yongkwan Kim, Jeonghwa Shin, Jonathan Sleeman, Weonhwa Jheong
BACKGROUND: On November 20, 2016 two novel strains of H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIVs) were isolated from three whooper swans (Cygnus cygnus) at Gangjin Bay in South Jeolla province, South Korea. Identification of HPAIVs in wild birds is significant as there is a potential risk of transmission of these viruses to poultry and humans. RESULTS: Phylogenetic analysis revealed that Gangjin H5N6 viruses classified into Asian H5 clade 2.3.4.4 lineage and were distinguishable from H5N8 and H5N1 HPAIVs previously isolated in Korea...
March 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296983/comparing-the-fracture-resistance-of-alternatively-engineered-zirconia-abutments-with-original-equipment-manufactured-abutments-with-different-implant-connection-designs
#13
Joseph M Jarman, Techkouhie Hamalian, Anthony P Randi
PURPOSE: Aftermarket computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) milled zirconia (Zr) abutments were recently introduced with minimal independent research regarding their fracture resistance. Third-party manufacturers often alter the original equipment manufacturers' (OEM) design with unknown effects on fracture resistance. These alterations include elimination of the titanium insert with subsequent introduction of Zr into the implant, changes to connection designs and shapes, and/or alterations to prosthetic screw design...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228773/import-of-soluble-proteins-into-chloroplasts-and-potential-regulatory-mechanisms
#14
REVIEW
Inga Sjuts, Jürgen Soll, Bettina Bölter
Chloroplasts originated from an endosymbiotic event in which a free-living cyanobacterium was engulfed by an ancestral eukaryotic host. During evolution the majority of the chloroplast genetic information was transferred to the host cell nucleus. As a consequence, proteins formerly encoded by the chloroplast genome are now translated in the cytosol and must be subsequently imported into the chloroplast. This process involves three steps: (i) cytosolic sorting procedures, (ii) binding to the designated receptor-equipped target organelle and (iii) the consecutive translocation process...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048446/th-ab-209-01-making-benchtop-x-ray-fluorescence-computed-tomography-xfct-practical-for-in-vivo-imaging-by-integration-of-a-dedicated-high-performance-x-ray-source-in-conjunction-with-micro-ct-functionality
#15
N Manohar, F Reynoso, S Cho
PURPOSE: To make benchtop x-ray fluorescence computed tomography (XFCT) practical for routine preclinical imaging tasks with gold nanoparticles (GNPs) by deploying, integrating, and characterizing a dedicated high-performance x-ray source and addition of simultaneous micro-CT functionality. METHODS: Considerable research effort is currently under way to develop a polychromatic benchtop cone-beam XFCT system capable of imaging GNPs by stimulation and detection of gold K-shell x-ray fluorescence (XRF) photons...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974630/reflections-on-oem-in-2016
#16
EDITORIAL
Malcolm Ross Sim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964767/assessing-hospital-disaster-readiness-over-time-at-the-us-department-of-veterans-affairs
#17
Claudia Der-Martirosian, Tiffany A Radcliff, Alicia R Gable, Deborah Riopelle, Farhad A Hagigi, Pete Brewster, Aram Dobalian
Introduction There have been numerous initiatives by government and private organizations to help hospitals become better prepared for major disasters and public health emergencies. This study reports on efforts by the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Veterans Health Administration, Office of Emergency Management's (OEM) Comprehensive Emergency Management Program (CEMP) to assess the readiness of VA Medical Centers (VAMCs) across the nation. Hypothesis/Problem This study conducts descriptive analyses of preparedness assessments of VAMCs and examines change in hospital readiness over time...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910644/development-of-plasma-bolometers-using-fiber-optic-temperature-sensors
#18
M L Reinke, M Han, G Liu, G G van Eden, R Evenblij, M Haverdings, B C Stratton
Measurements of radiated power in magnetically confined plasmas are important for exhaust studies in present experiments and expected to be a critical diagnostic for future fusion reactors. Resistive bolometer sensors have long been utilized in tokamaks and helical devices but suffer from electromagnetic interference (EMI). Results are shown from initial testing of a new bolometer concept based on fiber-optic temperature sensor technology. A small, 80 μm diameter, 200 μm long silicon pillar attached to the end of a single mode fiber-optic cable acts as a Fabry-Pérot cavity when broadband light, λo ∼ 1550 nm, is transmitted along the fiber...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849500/the-u-s-army-occupational-and-environmental-medicine-residency-at-aberdeen-proving-ground-maryland-1960-1996
#19
Joel C Gaydos, Timothy M Mallon, William A Rice
BACKGROUND: Reorganization of the Army and critical assessment of Army Graduate Medical Education programs prompted the Occupational and Environmental Medicine (OEM) Consultant to the Army Surgeon General to initiate a review of current Army OEM residency training. Available information indicated the Army OEM residency at Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, was the first and longest operating Army OEM residency. Describing this residency was identified as the first step in the review, with the objectives of determining why the residency was started and sustained and its relevance to the needs of the Army...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708178/pattern-recognition-assisted-infrared-library-searching-of-the-paint-data-query-database-to-enhance-lead-information-from-automotive-paint-trace-evidence
#20
Barry K Lavine, Collin G White, Matthew D Allen, Andrew Weakley
Multilayered automotive paint fragments, which are one of the most complex materials encountered in the forensic science laboratory, provide crucial links in criminal investigations and prosecutions. To determine the origin of these paint fragments, forensic automotive paint examiners have turned to the paint data query (PDQ) database, which allows the forensic examiner to compare the layer sequence and color, texture, and composition of the sample to paint systems of the original equipment manufacturer (OEM)...
March 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
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