keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuron and mTOR

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632947/pimozide-reduces-toxic-forms-of-tau-in-tauc3-mice-via-ampk-mediated-autophagy
#1
YoungDoo Kim, Eun Il Jeong, Jihoon Nah, Seung-Min Yoo, WonJae Lee, Youbin Kim, Seowon Moon, Se-Hoon Hong, Yong-Keun Jung
In neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease (AD), tau is hyperphosphorylated and forms aggregates and neurofibrillary tangles in affected neurons. Autophagy is critical to clear the aggregates of disease-associated proteins and is often altered in patients and animal models of AD. Because mTOR (mechanistic target of rapamycin) negatively regulates autophagy and is hyperactive in the brains of patients with AD, mTOR is an attractive therapeutic target for AD. However, pharmacological strategies to increase autophagy by targeting mTOR inhibition cause various side effects...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628306/lysine-deacetylation-by-hdac6-regulates-the-kinase-activity-of-akt-in-human-neural-progenitor-cells
#2
Jonathan Iaconelli, Jasmin Lalonde, Bradley Watmuff, Bangyan Liu, Ralph Mazitschek, Stephen J Haggarty, Rakesh Karmacharya
AKT family of serine-threonine kinases functions downstream of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) to transmit signals by direct phosphorylation of a number of targets, including the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) and β-catenin. AKT binds to phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-triphosphate (PIP3) generated by PI3K activation, which results in its membrane localization and subsequent activation through phosphorylation by phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1)...
June 19, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626016/the-mtor-substrate-s6-kinase-1-s6k1-is-a-negative-regulator-of-axon-regeneration-and-a-potential-drug-target-for-central-nervous-system-injury
#3
Hassan Al-Ali, Ying Ding, Tatiana Slepak, Wei Wu, Yan Sun, Yania Martinez, Xiao-Ming Xu, V P Lemmon, J L Bixby
The mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR) positively regulates axon growth in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). Though axon regeneration and functional recovery from CNS injuries are typically limited, knockdown or deletion of PTEN, a negative regulator of mTOR, increases mTOR activity and induces robust axon growth and regeneration. It has been suggested that inhibition of S6 Kinase 1 (S6K1, gene symbol: RPS6KB1), a prominent mTOR target, would blunt mTOR's positive effect on axon growth. In contrast to this expectation, we demonstrate that inhibition of S6K1 in CNS neurons promotes neurite outgrowth in vitro by 2-3 fold...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620824/l-3-n-butylphthalide-activates-akt-mtor-signaling-inhibits-neuronal-apoptosis-and-autophagy-and-improves-cognitive-impairment-in-mice-with-repeated-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#4
Jing Xu, Yaping Huai, Nan Meng, Yanhong Dong, Zhijuan Liu, Qianqian Qi, Ming Hu, Mingyue Fan, Wei Jin, Peiyuan Lv
L-3-n-Butylphthalide (L-NBP) exerts neuroprotective effects in animal models of cerebral ischemia, but its potential benefits in repeated cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (RCIR) injury remain unknown. We investigated the effect of L-NBP on cognitive impairment induced by RCIR in mice. Male C57Bl/6 mice received sham surgery or bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (3 times, 20 min each) and were orally administered preoperative L-NBP (30 mg/kg/day, 7 days), postoperative L-NBP (30 or 60 mg/kg/day, 28 days) or postoperative vehicle (28 days)...
June 15, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611667/dammarane-sapogenins-ameliorates-neurocognitive-functional-impairment-induced-by-simulated-long-duration-spaceflight
#5
Xiaorui Wu, Dong Li, Junlian Liu, Lihong Diao, Shukuan Ling, Yuheng Li, Jianyi Gao, Quanchun Fan, Weijia Sun, Qi Li, Dingsheng Zhao, Guohui Zhong, Dengchao Cao, Min Liu, Jiaping Wang, Shuang Zhao, Yu Liu, Guie Bai, Hongzhi Shi, Zi Xu, Jing Wang, Chunmei Xue, Xiaoyan Jin, Xinxin Yuan, Hongxing Li, Caizhi Liu, Huiyuan Sun, Jianwei Li, Yongzhi Li, Yingxian Li
Increasing evidence indicates the occurrence of cognitive impairment in astronauts under spaceflight compound conditions, but the underlying mechanisms and countermeasures need to be explored. In this study, we found that learning and memory abilities were significantly reduced in rats under a simulated long-duration spaceflight environment (SLSE), which includes microgravity, isolation confinement, noises, and altered circadian rhythms. Dammarane sapogenins (DS), alkaline hydrolyzed products of ginsenosides, can enhance cognition function by regulating brain neurotransmitter levels and inhibiting SLSE-induced neuronal injury...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611587/downregulation-of-microrna-193b-3p-promotes-autophagy-and-cell-survival-by-targeting-tsc1-mtor-signaling-in-nsc-34-cells
#6
ChunYu Li, YongPing Chen, XuePing Chen, QianQian Wei, Bei Cao, HuiFang Shang
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the death of upper and lower motor neurons. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are reported to be closely related to the development of ALS. However, the precise functions of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of ALS remain largely unknown. In previous studies, we determined that miRNA-193b-3p was significantly downregulated in patients with sporadic ALS (sALS). Here, we observed that miRNA-193b-3p was downregulated in the SOD1(G93A) mouse model of ALS and promoted cell death in NSC-34 cells...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597057/an-l-glutamine-transporter-isoform-for-neurogenesis-facilitated-by-l-theanine
#7
REVIEW
Yukio Yoneda
L-Theanine (=γ-glutamylethylamide) is an amino acid ingredient in green tea with a structural analogy to L-glutamine (L-GLN) rather than L-glutamic acid (L-GLU), with regards to the absence of a free carboxylic acid moiety from the gamma carbon position. L-theanine markedly inhibits [(3)H]L-GLN uptake without affecting [(3)H]L-GLU uptake in cultured neurons and astroglia. In neural progenitor cells with sustained exposure to L-theanine, upregulation of the L-GLN transporter isoform Slc38a1 expression and promotion of both proliferation and neuronal commitment are seen along with marked acceleration of the phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and relevant downstream proteins...
June 9, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588230/characterization-of-developmental-defects-in-the-forebrain-resulting-from-hyperactivated-mtor-signaling-by-integrative-analysis-of-transcriptomic-and-proteomic-data
#8
Jiheon Shin, Minhyung Kim, Hee-Jung Jung, Hye Lim Cha, Haeyoung Suh-Kim, Sanghyun Ahn, Jaehoon Jung, YounAh Kim, Yukyung Jun, Sanghyuk Lee, Daehee Hwang, Jaesang Kim
Hyperactivated mTOR signaling in the developing brain has been implicated in multiple forms of pathology including tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). To date, various phenotypic defects such as cortical lamination irregularity, subependymal nodule formation, dysmorphic astrocyte differentiation and dendritic malformation have been described for patients and animal models. However, downstream networks affected in the developing brain by hyperactivated mTOR signaling have yet to be characterized. Here, we present an integrated analysis of transcriptomes and proteomes generated from wild-type and Tsc1/Emx1-Cre forebrains...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588226/the-effects-of-brazilian-green-propolis-that-contains-flavonols-against-mutant-copper-zinc-superoxide-dismutase-mediated-toxicity
#9
Tomoyuki Ueda, Masatoshi Inden, Katsuhiro Shirai, Shin-Ichiro Sekine, Yuji Masaki, Hisaka Kurita, Kenji Ichihara, Takashi Inuzuka, Isao Hozumi
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the selective and progressive loss of motor neurons. The purpose of this study was to clarify effects of brazilian green propolis and the active ingredient against ALS-associated mutant copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1)-mediated toxicity. Ethanol extract of brazilian green propolis (EBGP) protected N2a cells against mutant SOD1-induced neurotoxicity and reduced aggregated mutant SOD1 by induction of autophagy. Kaempferide and kaempferol, the active ingredients of EBGP, also inhibited mutant SOD1-induced cell death and reduced the intracellular mutant SOD1 aggregates...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566949/the-potential-role-of-neuroinflammation-and-transcription-factors-in-parkinson-disease
#10
Prafulla Chandra Tiwari, Rishi Pal
Parkinson disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by dopaminergic neurons affected by inflammatory processes. Post-mortem analyses of brain and cerebrospinal fluid from PD patients show the accumulation of proinflammatory cytokines, confirming an ongoing neuroinflammation in the affected brain regions. These inflammatory mediators may activate transcription factors-notably nuclear factor κB, Ying-Yang 1 (YY1), fibroblast growth factor 20 (FGF20), and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-which then regulate downstream signaling pathways that in turn promote death of dopaminergic neurons through death domain-containing receptors...
March 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555078/tau-dependent-suppression-of-adult-neurogenesis-in-the-stressed-hippocampus
#11
C Dioli, P Patrício, R Trindade, L G Pinto, J M Silva, M Morais, E Ferreiro, S Borges, A Mateus-Pinheiro, A J Rodrigues, N Sousa, J M Bessa, L Pinto, I Sotiropoulos
Stress, a well-known sculptor of brain plasticity, is shown to suppress hippocampal neurogenesis in the adult brain; yet, the underlying cellular mechanisms are poorly investigated. Previous studies have shown that chronic stress triggers hyperphosphorylation and accumulation of the cytoskeletal protein Tau, a process that may impair the cytoskeleton-regulating role(s) of this protein with impact on neuronal function. Here, we analyzed the role of Tau on stress-driven suppression of neurogenesis in the adult dentate gyrus (DG) using animals lacking Tau (Tau-knockout; Tau-KO) and wild-type (WT) littermates...
May 30, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520507/gold-nanoparticles-enhance-the-differentiation-of-embryonic-stem-cells-into-dopaminergic-neurons-via-mtor-p70s6k-pathway
#12
Min Wei, Song Li, Zhaofei Yang, Wei Zheng, Weidong Le
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effect of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into dopaminergic (DA) neurons and explore the possible underlying molecular mechanisms. MATERIALS & METHODS: The efficiency of AuNPs on DA neuron differentiation was evaluated by observing fluorescence in TH promoter-engineered GFP-reporter ESCs, western blot and real-time PCR. The possible signal pathway was determined by western blot...
May 18, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515679/downregulation-of-the-repressor-element-1-silencing-transcription-factor-rest-is-associated-with-akt-mtor-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-prion-diseases-models
#13
Zhiqi Song, Syed Z A Shah, Wei Yang, Haodi Dong, Lifeng Yang, Xiangmei Zhou, Deming Zhao
Prion diseases are a group of infectious diseases characterized by multiple neuropathological changes, yet the mechanisms that preserve function and protect against prion-associated neurodegeneration are still unclear. We previously reported that the repressor element 1-silencing transcription factor (REST) alleviates neurotoxic prion peptide (PrP106-126)-induced toxicity in primary neurons. Here we confirmed the findings of the in vitro model in 263K infected hamsters, an in vivo model of prion diseases and further showed the relationships between REST and related signaling pathways...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507979/microtubule-associated-protein-tau-is-associated-with-the-resistance-to-docetaxel-in-prostate-cancer-cell-lines
#14
Jian Yang, Yang Yu, Wei Liu, Zhi Li, Zhongqing Wei, Rongjiang Jiang
Tau, a microtubule-associated protein, has been investigated primarily in neurons. Recently, tau has been explored to be associated with increased drug resistance in various kinds of cancers. We found that the tau was expressed in prostate cancer cell lines DU145 and PC-3. We also reported that recurrent prostate cancer cells after docetaxel treatment have higher levels of microtubule-associated protein tau. In vitro, inactivation of tau by gene knockdown suppressed cell proliferation and sensitized docetaxel cytotoxicity...
2017: Research and Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504198/rapamycin-suppresses-a%C3%AE-25-35-or-lps-induced-neuronal-inflammation-via-modulation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#15
Ying-Chun Liu, Xiao-Xiao Gao, Ling Chen, Xiao-Qing You
Rapamycin (RAPA), an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), exhibits a high neuroprotective action against neurodegenerative diseases in mouse models. Since neuroinflammation has been shown to be involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) development and progression, the aim of this study was to examine the anti-inflammatory role of RAPA in AD in vivo and in vitro, and investigate the underlying mechanisms. We found that amyloid-β (Aβ) induced neuronal inflammation and a remarkable increase in mTOR activity in in-vivo and in-vitro models of inflammation, suggesting the critical role of mTOR signaling in neuronal inflammation...
May 11, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501494/focused-microwave-irradiation-assisted-immunohistochemistry-to-study-effects-of-ketamine-on-phospho-erk-expression-in-the-mouse-brain
#16
Alda Fernandes, Yu-Wen Li
Ketamine produces rapid and long-lasting antidepressant effects in depressive patients. Preclinical studies demonstrate that ketamine stimulates AMPA receptor transmission and activates BDNF/TrkB-Akt/ERK-mTOR signaling cascades, leading to a sustained increase in synaptic protein synthesis and strengthening of synaptic plasticity, a potential mechanism underlying the antidepressant effects. The purpose of this study was to develop an immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay to map the distribution of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation in the mouse brain in response to systemic ketamine treatment...
May 10, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499802/ampk-activates-foxo3a-and-promotes-neuronal-apoptosis-in-the-developing-rat-brain-during-the-early-phase-after-hypoxia-ischemia
#17
Deyuan Li, Lili Luo, Min Xu, Jinlin Wu, Lina Chen, Jinhui Li, Zhongqiang Liu, Guoyan Lu, Yang Wang, Lina Qiao
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key metabolic and stress sensor/effector. Few investigations have been performed to study the role of AMPK in developing rat brain with hypoxia-ischemia (HI). Forkhead transcriptional factor (FOXO3a) has been revealed to be a critical effector of AMPK-mediated celluar apoptosis. However, it is not clear whether AMPK/FOXO3a pathway is involved in neuronal apoptosis in the developing rat brain after HI. In this study, we generated hypoxia-ischemia brain damage (HIBD) model using postnatal day 7 rats...
May 10, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494938/pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-mediates-valproic-acid-induced-neuronal-differentiation-of-neural-stem-cells-through-epigenetic-modifications
#18
Xi Zhang, Xiaosong He, Qingqing Li, Xuejian Kong, Zhenri Ou, Le Zhang, Zhuo Gong, Dahong Long, Jianhua Li, Meng Zhang, Weidong Ji, Wenjuan Zhang, Liping Xu, Aiguo Xuan
Although valproic acid (VPA), has been shown to induce neuronal differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs), the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we investigated if and how mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is involved in the neuronal differentiation of VPA-induced NSCs. Our data demonstrated that mTOR activation not only promoted but also was necessary for the neuronal differentiation of NSCs induced by VPA. We further found that inhibition of mTOR signaling blocked demethylation of neuron-specific gene neurogenin 1 (Ngn1) regulatory element in induced cells...
May 9, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489581/high-glucose-induces-formation-of-tau-hyperphosphorylation-via-cav-1-mtor-pathway-a-potential-molecular-mechanism-for-diabetes-induced-cognitive-dysfunction
#19
Jing Wu, Shan-Lei Zhou, Lin-Hua Pi, Xia-Jie Shi, Ling-Ran Ma, Zi Chen, Min-Li Qu, Xin Li, Sheng-Dan Nie, Duan-Fang Liao, Jin-Jing Pei, Shan Wang
The abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau is thought to be implicated in diabetes-associated cognitive deficits. The role of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) / S6 kinase (S6K) signalling in the formation of tau hyperphosphorylation has been previously studied. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), the essential structure protein of caveolae, promotes neuronal survival and growth, and inhibits glucose metabolism. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of Cav-1 in the formation of tau hyperphosphorylation under chronic hyperglycemic condition (HGC)...
April 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484273/role-of-akt-independent-mtorc1-and-gsk3%C3%AE-signaling-in-sublethal-nmda-induced-injury-and-the-recovery-of-neuronal-electrophysiology-and-survival
#20
Przemyslaw Swiatkowski, Ina Nikolaeva, Gaurav Kumar, Avery Zucco, Barbara F Akum, Mihir V Patel, Gabriella D'Arcangelo, Bonnie L Firestein
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity, mediated by overstimulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, is a mechanism that causes secondary damage to neurons. The early phase of injury causes loss of dendritic spines and changes to synaptic activity. The phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase/Akt/ mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) pathway has been implicated in the modulation and regulation of synaptic strength, activity, maturation, and axonal regeneration. The present study focuses on the physiology and survival of neurons following manipulation of Akt and several downstream targets, such as GSK3β, FOXO1, and mTORC1, prior to NMDA-induced injury...
May 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
109292
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"