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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651173/development-validation-and-clinical-application-of-a-method-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-lamivudine-emtricitabine-and-tenofovir-in-dried-blood-and-dried-breast-milk-spots-using-lc-ms-ms
#1
Catriona Waitt, Sujan Diliiy Penchala, Adeniyi Olagunju, Alieu Amara, Laura Else, Mohammed Lamorde, Saye Khoo
OBJECTIVES: To present the validation and clinical application of a LC-MS/MS method for the quantification of lamivudine (3TC), emtricitabine (FTC) and tenofovir (TFV) in dried blood spots (DBS) and dried breast milk spots (DBMS). METHODS: DBS and DBMS were prepared from 50 and 30μL of drug-spiked whole blood and human breast milk, respectively. Following extraction with acetonitrile and water, chromatographic separation utilised a Synergi polar column with a gradient mobile phase program consisting of 0...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651131/formic-acid-production-using-a-microbial-electrolysis-desalination-and-chemical-production-cell
#2
Yaobin Lu, Haiping Luo, Kunpeng Yang, Guangli Liu, Renduo Zhang, Xiao Li, Bo Ye
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and optimization of formic acid production in the microbial electrolysis desalination and chemical-production cell (MEDCC). The maximum current density in the MEDCC with 72cm of the anode fiber length (72-MEDCC) reached 24.0±2.0A/m(2), which was much higher than previously reported. The maximum average formic acid production rate in the 72-MEDCC was 5.28 times higher than that in the MEDCC with 24cm of the anode fiber length (37.00±1.15vs. 7.00±0.25mg/h)...
June 13, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651129/catalytic-upgrading-of-bio-products-derived-from-pyrolysis-of-red-macroalgae-gracilaria-gracilis-with-a-promising-novel-micro-mesoporous-catalyst
#3
Omid Norouzi, Ahmad Tavasoli, Sajedeh Jafarian, Sasan Esmailpour
Conversion of Gracilaria gracilis (G. gracilis) into bio-products was carried out via pyrolysis at different temperatures to determine its potential for phenol-rich bio-oil. Co-Mo supported on zeolites (HZSM-5), mesoporous (HMS) catalysts and their composites (ZH) were investigated and compared to each other on catalytic pyrolysis processes. In non-catalytic tests, the maximum weight percentage of bio-oil was 42wt% at 500°C and had the maximum amount of phenol (6.28wt%). in the catalytic tests by ZH composites; the addition of zeolite content in the structure of composites significantly decreased total concentrations of acetic acid and formic acid from 9...
June 16, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650571/development-of-proton-responsive-catalysts
#4
REVIEW
Lin Wang, Ryoichi Kanega, Hajime Kawanami, Yuichiro Himeda
A changeable ligand, which involves in activation of a catalyst or assists a reaction, draws an increasing attention, in contrast to a classical ligand as spectator. Proton-responsive catalysts, which are capable of undergoing changes of properties on gaining/losing one or more protons, provides interesting features as follows: (i) catalyst activation by electronic effect, (ii) pH-tuning of water-solubility, and (iii) second-coordination-sphere interaction. On the basis of this catalyst design concept, we developed several highly efficient proton-responsive catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation as H2 storage, formic acid (FA) dehydrogenation as H2 production, and transfer hydrogenation...
June 26, 2017: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649716/mechanism-of-microwave-assisted-pyrolysis-of-glucose-to-furfural-revealed-by-isotopic-tracer-and-quantum-chemical-calculations
#5
Liwei Bao, Lei Shi, Hu Luo, Lingzhao Kong, Shenggang Li, Wei Wei, Yuhan Sun
Glucose labelled with 13C or 18O was used to investigate the mechanism during its conversion into furfural by microwave-assisted pyrolysis. The isotopic content and location in furfural were determined from GC/MS and 13C NMR measurements and data analysis. Our results suggest that the carbon skeleton in furfural is mainly derived from the C-1 to C-5 of glucose. The C of the aldehyde group and the O of the furan ring in furfural are primarily originated from the C-1 and O-5 of glucose, respectively. For the first time, the source of the O of the furan ring in furfural was elucidated directly by experiments, which is consistent with predictions from recent quantum chemical calculations...
June 25, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649028/the-optimization-and-establishment-of-quechers-uplc-ms-ms-method-for-simultaneously-detecting-various-kinds-of-pesticides-residues-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#6
REVIEW
Zhan Xiu-Ping, Ma Lin, Huang Lan-Qi, Chen Jian-Bo, Zhao Li
OBJECTIVES: The quality safety supervision and test of agricultural products urgently need a very excellent analytical method with simultaneously detecting many components in order to assess, prevent and control pesticide residues. METHODS: In this research, three fruits and three vegetables produced in Shanghai were selected as the materials, 54 pesticide residues were detected with the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (UPLC-MS/MS) method on the basis of optimized QuEChERS method according to different materials properties...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648788/development-of-a-mixed-mode-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-quantitative-analysis-of-23-underivatized-amino-acids-in-human-serum
#7
Min Sun Choi, Shaheed Ur Rehman, In Sook Kim, Hi-Joon Park, Mi-Yeon Song, Hye Hyun Yoo
In this study, a robust, selective and simplified method was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantitative analysis of 23 underivatized amino acids in human serum using mixed-mode chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Serum samples were deproteinized with acetonitrile and subjected to LC-MS/MS analysis. The chromatographic separation of amino acids was achieved using a mixed-mode column (150×3mm, 3μm) with a gradient elution system; the mobile phase consisted of 50mM ammonium formate and 0...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648786/selective-screening-of-glutaric-acid-acidurias-by-capillary-electrophoresis-mass-spectrometry
#8
Jaime Fernández-Bravo, Fernando de Andrés, Mohammed Zougagh, Ángel Ríos
A sensitive and selective method for the separation and quantification of the three organic acids 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid, 3-methylglutaric acid, and glutaric acid in human urine samples by CE with mass spectrometry detection has been developed. This methodology is faster, simpler and less time-consuming, than other methodologies previously described, and requires of reduced amounts of reagents as well. Samples are first filtered and then diluted in water. For the electrophoretic separation, a 20mM ammonium acetate and 10% methanol solution at pH 9...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643517/a-novel-strategy-for-comprehensive-profiling-and-identification-of-acidic-glycosphingolipids-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#9
Ting Hu, Zhixin Jia, Jinlan Zhang
Acidic glycosphingolipids (AGSLs), which mainly consist of ganglioside and sulfatide moieties, are highly concentrated in the central nervous system. Comprehensive profiling of AGSLs has historically been challenging because of their high complexity and the lack of standards. In this paper, a novel strategy was developed to comprehensively profile AGSLs using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Ganglioside isomers with different glycan chains such as GD1a/ GD1b were completely separated on a C18 column for the first time to our knowledge, facilitated by the addition of formic acid in the mobile phase...
June 23, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638323/sortilin-fragments-deposit-at-senile-plaques-in-human-cerebrum
#10
Xia Hu, Zhao-Lan Hu, Zheng Li, Chun-Sheng Ruan, Wen-Ying Qiu, Aihua Pan, Chang-Qi Li, Yan Cai, Lu Shen, Yaping Chu, Bei-Sha Tang, Huaibin Cai, Xin-Fu Zhou, Chao Ma, Xiao-Xin Yan
Genetic variations in the vacuolar protein sorting 10 protein (Vps10p) family have been linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here we demonstrate deposition of fragments from the Vps10p member sortilin at senile plaques (SPs) in aged and AD human cerebrum. Sortilin changes were characterized in postmortem brains with antibodies against the extracellular and intracellular C-terminal domains. The two antibodies exhibited identical labeling in normal human cerebrum, occurring in the somata and dendrites of cortical and hippocampal neurons...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631409/exploration-of-a-ternary-deep-eutectic-solvent-of-methyltriphenylphosphonium-bromide-chalcone-formic-acid-for-the-selective-recognition-of-rutin-and-quercetin-in-herba-artemisiae-scopariae
#11
Wanwan Ma, Tangand Baokun, Kyung Ho Row
A methyltriphenylphosphonium bromide/chalcone/formic acid as a green ternary deep eutectic solvent was applied as a functional monomer and dummy template simultaneously in the synthesis of a new molecularly imprinted polymer. Ternary deep eutectic solvent based molecularly imprinted polymers were used as a solid-phase extraction sorbent in the separation and purification of rutin and quercetin from Herba Artemisiae Scopariae combined with high-performance liquid chromatography. FTIR spectroscopy and field-emission scanning electron microscopy were applied to characterize the deep eutectic solvent based molecularly imprinted polymers synthesized using different molar ratios of chalcone...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629968/inhibitor-tolerance-of-a-recombinant-flocculating-industrial-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strain-during-glucose-and-xylose-co-fermentation
#12
Yun-Cheng Li, Zi-Xi Gou, Ying Zhang, Zi-Yuan Xia, Yue-Qin Tang, Kenji Kida
Lignocellulose-derived inhibitors have negative effects on the ethanol fermentation capacity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study, the effects of eight typical inhibitors, including weak acids, furans, and phenols, on glucose and xylose co-fermentation of the recombinant xylose-fermenting flocculating industrial S. cerevisiae strain NAPX37 were evaluated by batch fermentation. Inhibition on glucose fermentation, not that on xylose fermentation, correlated with delayed cell growth. The weak acids and the phenols showed additive effects...
June 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629707/theoretical-investigation-of-the-selective-dehydration-and-dehydrogenation-of-ethanol-catalyzed-by-small-molecules
#13
Yanqun Wang, Yizhen Tang, Youxiang Shao
Catalytic dehydration and dehydrogenation reactions of ethanol have been investigated systematically using the ab initio quantum chemistry methods The catalysts include water, hydrogen peroxide, formic acid, phosphoric acid, hydrogen fluoride, ammonia, and ethanol itself. Moreover, a few clusters of water and ethanol were considered to simulate the catalytic mechanisms in supercritical water and supercritical ethanol. The barriers for both dehydration and dehydrogenation can be reduced significantly in the presence of the catalysts...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628838/validated-uplc-ms-ms-method-for-simultaneous-quantification-of-eight-saikosaponins-in-rat-plasma-application-to-a-comparative-pharmacokinetic-study-in-depression-rats-after-oral-administration-of-extracts-of-raw-and-vinegar-baked-bupleuri-radix
#14
Tianli Lei, Dandan Zhang, Kun Guo, Mingxiao Li, Chongning Lv, Jing Wang, Lingyun Jia, Jincai Lu
A sensitive and efficient UPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of eight saikosaponins (SSa, SSb1, SSb2, SSb3, SSb4, SSc, SSd and SSf) in rat plasma. Furthermore, comparative pharmacokinetic profiles of these sakosaponins were investigated, following oral administration of extracts of raw and vinegar-baked Bupleuri Radix to depression rats. Biosamples were processed with liquid-liquid extraction technique using ethyl acetate. Chromatographic separation was accomplished on Waters BEH C18 UPLC column...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628837/the-influence-of-essential-oils-from-xiang-fu-si-wu-decoction-on-its-non-volatile-components-and-its-application-for-pharmacokinetics-in-normal-rats
#15
Ying Pan, Dawei Qian, Pei Liu, Yang Zhang, Zhenhua Zhu, Li Zhang, Jin-Ao Duan
Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction (XFSWD) has been used to treat gynecology diseases in clinical practice for hundreds of years in China, especially for primary dysmenorrheal of QiZhi Type. In previous researches, both essential oils (XEO) and non-volatile components (NXEO) extracted from XFSWD showed significant pharmacological activities, but the influence of XEO on NXEO was unclear. The purpose of this paper was to develop a validated analytical method for simultaneous determination of ten components including Vanillic acid, Ferulic acid, Caffeic acid, Gallic acid, Paeoniflorin, Albiflorin, Tetrahydropalmatine, Protopine, Berberine and Tetrahydrocolumbamine, and to compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of these components to illustrate the influences of XEO on NXEO in normal rats...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623851/quantification-of-%C3%AE-eudesmol-in-rat-plasma-using-lc-ms-ms-and-its-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study
#16
Ligang Jiang, Chunyang Zhang, Haiping Li
A sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS assay for determination of β-eudesmol in rat plasma was developed and validated. After liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl ether, the analyte and IS were separated on a Capcell Pak C18 column (50 × 2.0 mm, 5 μm) by isocratic elution with acetonitrile-water-formic acid (77.5:22.5:0.1, v/v/v) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. An ESI source was applied and operated in positive ion mode; selected reaction monitoring (SRM) scan was used for quantification by monitoring the precursor-product ion transitions of m/z 245...
June 17, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623772/development-and-validation-of-a-highly-sensitive-lc-esi-ms-ms-method-for-estimation-of-iiim-mcd-211-a-novel-nitrofuranyl-methyl-piperazine-derivative-with-potential-activity-against-tuberculosis-application-to-drug-development
#17
Asmita Magotra, Anjna Sharma, Ajai Prakash Gupta, Priya Wazir, Shweta Sharma, Parvinder Pal Singh, Manoj Kumar Tikoo, Ram A Vishwakarma, Gurdarshan Singh, Utpal Nandi
In the present study, a simple, sensitive, specific and rapid liquid chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) method was developed and validated according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines for estimation of IIIM-MCD-211 (a potent oral candidate with promising action against tuberculosis) in mice plasma using carbamazepine as internal standard (IS). Bioanalytical method consisted of one step protein precipitation for sample preparation followed by quantitation in LC-MS/MS using positive electrospray ionization technique (ESI) operating in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623652/micro-thin-layer-chromatography-fingerprints-of-selected-basil-species-and-their-chemometric-analysis
#18
Mirosław A Hawrył, Ryszard Świeboda, Anna Hawrył, Małgorzata Niemiec, Monika Waksmundzka-Hajnos
The dried aerial parts of 12 plants of Ocimum spp. were extracted with the Soxhlet apparatus usingdichloromethane and methanol as solvents. A micro-TLC system with silica and a normal-phase solvent system (propan-2-ol-n-heptane-formic acid) was used for the chemometric analysis of 12 selected basil methanolic extracts. Some indices of similarity (Pearson's correlation coefficient, determination coefficient, congruence coefficient, and Euclidean, Manhattan (city-block), Chebyshev, and Hausdorff distances) were calculated on the basis of thin-layer chromatograms using ImageJ software...
June 16, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622621/development-of-an-ultra-fast-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-simultaneous-determination-of-seven-flavonoids-in-rat-plasma-application-to-a-comparative-pharmacokinetic-investigation-of-ginkgo-biloba-extract-and-single-pure-ginkgo-flavonoids
#19
Tianyang Wang, Jie Xiao, Huiping Hou, Pei Li, Ziyue Yuan, Huarong Xu, Ran Liu, Qing Li, Kaishun Bi
For deeper pharmacokinetic investigation and further curative application of ginkgo flavonoids, a delicate, efficient and precise UFLC-MS/MS technique for synchronous quantitation of seven flavonoids, apigenin, luteolin, naringenin, quercetin, diosmetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin in rat plasma has been established. After mixing with the internal standard (IS) linarin, bio-samples were pretreated via ethyl acetate for liquid-liquid extraction, then isolated at 0.2ml/min flow rate on a Venusil MP C18 chromatographic column (100mm×2...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621487/simultaneous-quantification-of-imatinib-and-its-main-metabolite-n-demethyl-imatinib-in-human-plasma-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-its-application-to-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor
#20
Wei Zhuang, Hai-Bo Qiu, Xin-Meng Chen, Xiu-Hong Yuan, Li-Fang Yang, Xiao-Wei Sun, Xiao-Jun Zhou, Min Huang, Xue-Ding Wang, Zhi-Wei Zhou
AIM: To improve and validate a more stable and less time-consuming method based on liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC- MS/MS) for the quantitative measurement of Imatinib and its metabolite N-demethyl-Imatinib (NDI) in human plasma. METHODS: Separation of analytes was performed on a Waters XTerra RP18 column (50mm×2.1 mm i.d., 3.5 μm) with a mobile phase consisting of methanol/acetonitrile/ water (65:20:15, v/v/v) with 0.05% formic acid at a flow-rate of 0...
June 16, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
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