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acute kidney injury in children

Kelly R McMahon, Maya Harel-Sterling, Michael Pizzi, Louis Huynh, Erin Hessey, Michael Zappitelli
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors treated with cisplatin, ifosfamide, or carboplatin are at risk for late kidney and blood pressure (BP) abnormalities. Few studies have comprehensively evaluated kidney outcomes and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) in this population. We aimed to describe chemotherapy-associated acute kidney injury (AKI) and late kidney outcomes using standardized definitions. METHODS: This was a single-center longitudinal pilot study of 23 children who participated in a previous study during cisplatin, carboplatin, or ifosfamide treatment...
September 14, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Yan Wang, Fenling Feng, Minna Liu, Jiahong Xue, Huimei Huang
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a hyper-inflammation-induced abrupt loss of kidney function and has become a major public health problem. The cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model of peritonitis in rat pups mimics the development of sepsis-induced pediatric AKI is pre-renal without morphological changes of the kidneys and high lethality. Resveratrol, a natural polyphenolic compound with low toxicity, has obvious anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The present study aimed to determine whether resveratrol alleviates pediatric AKI and investigated the potential mechanism...
October 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Laura Gellis, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Michael Ferguson, Lisa Bergersen, Keri Shafer, Diego Porras
BACKGROUND: Adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) are vulnerable to contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) after cardiac catheterization. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for clinically significant CI-AKI and evaluate the predictive value of contrast volume to estimated glomerular filtration rate ratio (V/eGFR) for the risk of CI-AKI following catheterization in the ACHD population. METHODS: ACHD patients who underwent catheterization at Boston Children's hospital between 1/2011 and 1/2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
September 9, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Toru Watanabe
Although acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in hospitalized children, AKI has rarely been reported in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD). Herein, we review the clinical trajectories of AKI in patients with KD. A total of 39 patients with KD who developed AKI have been reported in 28 publications as case reports. The causes of AKI include prerenal AKI associated with acute heart failure (AHF), intrinsic AKI caused by tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN), acute nephritic syndrome (ANS), hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), immune complex-mediated nephropathy, rhabdomyolysis, and KD shock syndrome (KDSS)...
August 30, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Brenda L Zylbersztajn, Giannina Izquierdo, Roxana C Santana, Christian Fajardo, Juan P Torres, Jaime Cordero, Cristián Valverde
OBJECTIVES: Determine pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters and optimal dosage of vancomycin for children on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHODS: Retrospective PK study of vancomycin in pediatric patients on ECMO who received IV vancomycin 40 to 60 mg/kg/day every 6 hours. Patients were analyzed according to the presence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and requirement of renal replacement therapy (RRT). RESULTS: Data from 40 children, with a median age of 2...
July 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Aylin Aygün, Martin Poryo, Gudrun Wagenpfeil, Antonia Wissing, Daniel Ebrahimi-Fakhari, Michael Zemlin, Ludwig Gortner, Sascha Meyer
AIM: We assessed the risk factors for transient acute kidney injury in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants treated for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using the serum creatinine-based criteria in Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes. METHOD: This retrospective study of infants requiring ibuprofen and, or, surgery for haemodynamic relevant PDAs was performed at the University Children's Hospital of Saarland, Homburg, Germany, from January 2009 to December 2015...
September 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Gurinder Kumar
Atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome (aHUS) can pose a diagnostic challenge due to the multisystem involvement and varied manifestations. Early diagnosis and initiation of Eculizumab have been reported to have favorable renal outcomes. We report a case of 11-month-old male infant who presented at the age of two months with anemia, acute kidney injury, hypertension, and nephromegaly. Renal biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of aHUS and Eculizumab was started. Thrombotic microangiopathy markers showed the resolution...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Mohamed A El-Gamasy, Akram E El-Sadek, Ahmed R Fakhreldin, Ashraf Kamel, Eman G Elbehery
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality for critically ill children at pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU). It is proposed that heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) may be either a biomarker or a co-factor of survival in PICU. The aim of this work is to assess plasma levels of HSP60 in critically ill pediatric patients with AKI secondary to septic shock within the first 24 h of admission. This study was carried out on 120 pediatric patients admitted to PICUs of four university hospitals...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Abdou Niang, Arpana Iyengar, Valerie A Luyckx
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the use, access to and outcomes of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in low-resource settings. RECENT FINDINGS: Hemodialysis tends to predominate because of costs and logistics, however services tend to be located in larger cities, often paid for out of pocket. Outcomes of dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury and end-stage kidney disease may be similar with hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, and therefore choice of therapy is dominated by availability, accessibility and patient or physician choice...
August 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Laura Vaterodt, Johannes Holle, Dieter Hüseman, Dominik Müller, Julia Thumfart
Introduction: Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a common cause for intrarenal acute kidney injury in childhood. More than 90% of HUS cases are associated with an infection by Shigatoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) whereas the reminder comprises a heterogeneous group (here classified as Non-STEC-HUS). Renal impairment can persist in patients with HUS. This study presents data from four decades investigating the short- and long-term outcome of HUS in childhood. Materials and Methods: In a retrospective single-center-study clinical and laboratory data of the acute phase and of 1- to 10-year follow-up visits of children with HUS were analyzed...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
A Amerio, P Ossola, F Scagnelli, A Odone, M Allinovi, A Cavalli, J Iacopelli, M Tonna, C Marchesi, S N Ghaemi
INTRODUCTION: Many clinicians are reluctant to use traditional mood-stabilizing agents, especially lithium, in children and adolescents. This review examined the evidence for lithium's safety and efficacy in this population. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted on the use of lithium in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder (BD). Relevant papers published through June 30th 2018 were identified searching the electronic databases MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library...
August 18, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Qian Lin, Jian-Hua Mao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Sarah Fernández, Maria José Santiago, Rafael González, Javier Urbano, Jorge López, Maria José Solana, Amelia Sánchez, Jimena Del Castillo, Jesús López-Herce
BACKGROUND: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is the treatment of choice for critically ill children with acute kidney injury. Hypotension after starting CRRT is frequent but very few studies have analyzed its incidence and clinical relevance. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was performed including critically ill children treated with CRRT between 2010 and 2014. Hemodynamic data and connection characteristics were collected before, during, and 60 min after CRRT circuit connection...
August 15, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Bikrant Bihari Lal, Priti Vijay, Vikrant Sood, Rajeev Khanna, Seema Alam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Kevin van 't Kruys, Rens Zonneveld, Safir Liesdek, Wilco Zijlmans
We describe three clinical cases of Surinamese children with rhabdomyolysis with diverse clinical presentation and course. The first patient had rhabdomyolysis because of toxins caused by multiple beestings and developed acute kidney injury. The other two patients had rhabdomyolysis following acute infection with chikungunya and influenza A/H1N1 virus. These cases emphasize that the diverse etiology of rhabdomyolysis should be considered in children in tropical settings.
July 30, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Lefeng Zhang, Yongqiang Jin, Fuqiang Zhang, Hongyin Li, Qingyu Wu
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the common complications in infants and children after complex congenital heart surgery. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is usually applied for renal replacement therapy (RRT), especially in infants. We investigated the efficacy and safety of modified PD for the treatment of acute renal failure and congestive heart failure after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease in infants. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed five consecutive patients from October 2015 to February 2017...
June 25, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
Tareq Al-Ayed, Naveed Ur Rahman, Abdullah Alturki, Fahad Aljofan
BACKGROUND: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has become the preferred mode of dialysis to support critically ill children with acute kidney injury. However, there are limited pediatric data on CRRT use, especially in our region. OBJECTIVE: Determine the outcome of CRRT among critically ill children. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included critically ill children 1-14 years of age who underwent CRRT from July 2009 to June 2015...
July 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Timothy T Cornell, David T Selewski, Jeffrey A Alten, David Askenazi, Julie C Fitzgerald, Alexis Topjian, Richard Holubkov, Kent Page, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
IMPORTANCE: Many children with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following cardiac arrest (CA) experience acute kidney injury (AKI). The impact of therapeutic hypothermia on the epidemiology of post-CA AKI in children has not been fully investigated. OBJECTIVE: The study aims were to: 1) describe the prevalence of severe AKI in comatose children following out-of-hospital CA (OHCA), 2) identify risk factors for severe AKI, 3) evaluate the impact of therapeutic hypothermia on the prevalence of severe AKI, and 4) evaluate the association of severe AKI with survival and functional outcomes...
October 2018: Resuscitation
Michael J Moss, Robert G Hendrickson
BACKGROUND: Amanita muscaria (AM) and A. pantherina (AP) contain ibotenic acid and muscimol and may cause both excitatory and sedating symptoms. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are not classically described but have been reported. There are relatively few reported cases of poisoning with these mushrooms in North America. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of ingestions of ibotenic acid and muscimol containing mushrooms reported to a United States regional poison center from 2002-2016...
August 3, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
Mulalo Nepfumbada, Elaene Naicker, Rajendra Bhimma
BACKGROUND: In a resource-limited setting, acute peritoneal dialysis (APD) is the modality of choice as a form of renal replacement therapy in children with acute kidney injury (AKI). However, there is a high risk of peritonitis that causes significant morbidity and mortality. Data on PD and peritonitis in developing countries are scarce. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the prevalence of APD-related peritonitis at a central referral hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
July 31, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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