Read by QxMD icon Read


Kinga Jęczmińska
In Poland, there were 176 cases of prefrontal leucotomy performed by Moniz's method between 1947 and 1951. There were also several cases in which alternative psychosurgical techniques were used: prefrontal topectomy by Bilikiewicz and colleagues, and prefrontal topischemia by Ziemnowicz. This article analyses the following: publications by Choróbski, who performed lobotomy in Poland, and by Korzeniowski, who assessed its short-term results; a report by Bornsztajn, who reviewed general results of the method; and clinical research by Broszkiewicz and by Konieczyńska, who assessed Polish patients in terms of long-term results of lobotomy...
March 2018: History of Psychiatry
Ryan Holland, David Kopel, Peter W Carmel, Charles J Prestigiacomo
Surgery of the mind has a rather checkered past. Though its history begins with the prehistoric trephination of skulls to allow "evil spirits" to escape, the early- to mid-20th century saw a surge in the popularity of psychosurgery. The 2 prevailing operations were topectomy and leukotomy for the treatment of certain mental illnesses. Although they were modified and refined by several of their main practitioners, the effectiveness of and the ethics involved with these operations remained controversial. In 1947, Dr...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
Jason A Ellis, Juan C Mejia Munne, Shih-Hsiu Wang, Danielle K McBrian, Cigdem I Akman, Neil A Feldstein, Guy M McKhann
Anatomically complex focal cortical dysplasias may present significant challenges to safe and complete surgical resection via standard operative corridors. Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) is an emerging minimally invasive technique that may address some of these challenges, enabling stereotactic ablation of deep and/or surgically inaccessible regions. However, complete ablation may not be feasible in all cases. To address this dilemma, we have designed a protocol utilizing staged LITT followed by topectomy to effect complete obliteration of a complex focal cortical dysplasia...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Peng-Fan Yang, Yan-Zeng Jia, Qiao Lin, Zhen Mei, Zi-Qian Chen, Zhi-Yong Zheng, Hui-Jian Zhang, Jia-Sheng Pei, Jun Tian, Zhong-Hui Zhong
PURPOSE: We reported our experience in the surgical treatment of a relatively large cohort of patients with occipital lobe epilepsy (OLE). We also carried out a systematic review of the literature on OLE. METHODS: Thirty-five consecutive patients who underwent occipital resection for epilepsy were included. Diagnoses were made following presurgical evaluations, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), scalp video-electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring, and intracranial EEG monitoring...
January 2015: Acta Neurochirurgica
Ha Young Choi, Eun Jeong Koh
BACKGROUND: Schizencephaly is a developmental anomaly of the brain that is sometimes associated with intractable seizures. Patients that suffer from medically refractory seizures may be considered for surgical treatment. METHOD: Five patients with intractable epilepsy associated with schizencephaly were studied. Evaluation methods included medical history assessment, neurological examination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with three-dimensional (3D) surface rendering, positron emission tomography (PET), video-electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring with surface electrodes and subdural grid electrodes, sodium amobarbital test, and neuropsychological assessments...
September 2013: Acta Neurochirurgica
Dirk van Roost
The presurgical evaluation in cases of extratemporal epilepsy is much less stereotypic than it is for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. The finding of even a tiny structural lesion may be relevant but needs verification that it matches the seizure onset zone. Often invasive analysis is necessary to produce such evidence and to assess the relationship to adjacent eloquent cortex. Invasive analysis exposes the patient to an additional surgical procedure and to the morbidity associated with it. Therapeutic resections may comprise lesionectomy, topectomy, or lobectomy...
2012: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Bernhard Oehl, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Michael Lanz, Armin Brandt, Dirk-Matthias Altenmüller
Ictal fear is a semiological feature which is commonly associated with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Here, we describe fear as a leading symptom in cryptogenic occipital lobe epilepsy. In a patient with negative MRI findings, intracranial EEG recordings documented a strict correlation between habitual ictal anxiety attacks and both spontaneous and stimulation-induced epileptic activity in a right occipital epileptogenic area with subsequent spreading to the symptomatogenic zone in the amygdala. Circumscribed occipital topectomy led to seizure freedom...
March 2012: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Joel M Oster, Diana Apetauerova, Christine Thomas, G Rees Cosgrove
This case study with video recording describes a brief neurological examination of a rare post-surgical finding in a patient with intractable seizures who had a right parietal topectomy in order to cure focal and disabling epilepsy. Contemporaneously during the resection and while awake intraoperatively, the patient developed features characterised by involuntary, purposeless, and almost ballistic movements of the contralateral left upper extremity. These involved the shoulder and, more distally, the arm with less involvement of the hand itself and some clonic movement at the elbow, persisting for approximately 24 hours after surgery...
September 2011: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
Melanie Lund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2011: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Jun Ho Lee, Yong Soon Hwang, Jun Jae Shin, Tae Hong Kim, Hyung Shik Shin, Sang Keun Park
OBJECTIVE: There are a few reports on the complications of surgery for epilepsy. We surveyed our data to present complications of epilepsy surgeries from the neurosurgeon's point of view and compare our results with other previous reports. METHODS: A total of 179 surgical procedures for intractable epilepsy (41 diagnostic, 138 therapeutic) were performed in 92 consecutive patients (10 adults, 82 children) during the last 9.2 years (February. 1997-April. 2006). Their medical records and radiological findings were reviewed to identify and analyze the surgical complications...
October 2008: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Amir Behdad, David D Limbrick, Mary E Bertrand, Matthew D Smyth
PURPOSE: Medically intractable seizures arising from the sensorimotor (rolandic) cortex present a formidable challenge for epileptologists and epilepsy surgeons. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of surgical treatment for seizures in this region. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 24 children and adolescents who underwent surgical management of refractory rolandic epilepsy at our institution. RESULTS: Patient age at the time of surgery ranged between 1...
June 2009: Epilepsia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1948: American Journal of Psychiatry
Devin K Binder, Marec Von Lehe, Thomas Kral, Christian G Bien, Horst Urbach, Johannes Schramm, Hans Clusmann
OBJECT: Occipital lobe epilepsy (OLE) accounts for a small percentage of extratemporal epilepsies and only few and mostly small patient series have been reported. Preoperative findings, surgical strategies, histopathological bases, and postoperative outcomes for OLE remain to be elucidated. METHODS: A group of 54 patients with occipital lobe involvement were identified from a prospective epilepsy surgery database established in 1989. Medical charts, surgical reports, MR imaging, and histopathology data were reviewed, and patients with additional temporal and/or parietal involvement were categorized separately...
July 2008: Journal of Neurosurgery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 1949: New York State Journal of Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1949: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1949: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1950: Revue Neurologique
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1950: Revue Neurologique
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1950: Marseille Chirurgical
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1950: Annales Médico-psychologiques
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"