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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908746/willingness-to-pay-for-a-dengue-vaccine-and-its-associated-determinants-in-indonesia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-aceh
#1
Harapan Harapan, Samsul Anwar, Aslam Bustaman, Arsil Radiansyah, Pradiba Angraini, Riny Fasli, Salwiyadi Salwiyadi, Reza Akbar Bastian, Ade Oktiviyari, Imaduddin Akmal, Muhammad Iqbalamin, Jamalul Adil, Fenni Henrizal, Darmayanti Darmayanti, Mahmuda Mahmuda, Mudatsir Mudatsir, Allison Imrie, R Tedjo Sasmono, Ulrich Kuch, Ziv Shkedy, Setia Pramana
Vaccination strategies are being considered as a part of dengue prevention programs in endemic countries. To accelerate the introduction of dengue vaccine into the public sector program and private markets, understanding the private economic benefits of a dengue vaccine is therefore essential. The aim of this study was to assess the willingness to pay (WTP) for a dengue vaccine among community members in Indonesia and its associated explanatory variables. A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in nine regencies of Aceh province, Indonesia, from November 2014 to March 2015...
November 28, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907129/meningococcal-carriage-in-military-recruits-and-university-students-during-the-pre-menb-vaccination-era-in-greece-2014-2015
#2
Kyriaki Tryfinopoulou, Konstantinos Kesanopoulos, Athanasia Xirogianni, Nektarios Marmaras, Anastasia Papandreou, Vassiliki Papaevangelou, Maria Tsolia, Aftab Jasir, Georgina Tzanakaki
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to estimate the meningococcal carriage rate and to identify the genotypic characteristics of the strains isolated from healthy military recruits and university students in order to provide data that might increase our understanding on the epidemiology of meningococcus and obtain information which helps to evaluate the potential effects on control programs such as vaccination. METHODS: A total of 1420 oropharyngeal single swab samples were collected from military recruits and university students on voluntary basis, aged 18-26 years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903517/branched-chain-fatty-acid-composition-of-human-milk-and-the-impact-of-maternal-diet-the-global-exploration-of-human-milk-gehm-study
#3
Kelly A Dingess, Christina J Valentine, Nicholas J Ollberding, Barbara S Davidson, Jessica G Woo, Suzanne Summer, Yongmei M Peng, M Lourdes Guerrero, Guillermo M Ruiz-Palacios, Rinat R Ran-Ressler, Robert J McMahon, J Thomas Brenna, Ardythe L Morrow
BACKGROUND: An understudied component of the diet, branched-chain fatty acids (BCFAs) are distinctive saturated fatty acids that may have an important influence on health. Human-milk fatty acid composition is known to differ worldwide, but comparative data are lacking on BCFAs. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypotheses that concentrations of BCFAs in human milk differ between populations and are associated with maternal diet. DESIGN: We surveyed the BCFA composition of samples collected as part of a standardized, prospective study of human-milk composition...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#4
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899799/population-health-based-approaches-to-utilizing-digital-technology-a-strategy-for-equity
#5
Garth N Graham, MaryLynn Ostrowski, Alyse B Sabina
Health care disparities and high chronic disease rates burden many communities and disproportionally impact racial/ethnic populations in the United States. These disparities vary geographically, increase health care expenses, and result in shortened lifespans. Digital technologies may be one tool for addressing health disparities and improving population health by increasing individuals' access to health information-especially as most low-income U.S. residents gain access to smartphones. The Aetna Foundation partners with organizations to use digital technologies, including mobile applications, data collection, and related platforms, for learning and sharing...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894381/understanding-barriers-to-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-of-indigenous-children-a-mixed-methods-approach
#6
Katherine Ann Thurber, Cathy Banwell, Teresa Neeman, Timothy Dobbins, Melanie Pescud, Raymond Lovett, Emily Banks
OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to fruit and vegetable intake for Indigenous Australian children and quantify factors related to these barriers, to help understand why children do not meet recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake. DESIGN: We examined factors related to carer-reported barriers using multilevel Poisson models (robust variance); a key informant focus group guided our interpretation of findings. SETTING: Eleven diverse sites across Australia...
November 29, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893465/accelerated-resolution-of-inflammation-underlies-sex-differences-in-inflammatory-responses-in-humans
#7
Krishnaraj S Rathod, Vikas Kapil, Shanti Velmurugan, Rayomand S Khambata, Umme Siddique, Saima Khan, Sven Van Eijl, Lorna C Gee, Jascharanpreet Bansal, Kavi Pitrola, Christopher Shaw, Fulvio D'Acquisto, Romain A Colas, Federica Marelli-Berg, Jesmond Dalli, Amrita Ahluwalia
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease occurs at lower incidence in premenopausal females compared with age-matched males. This variation may be linked to sex differences in inflammation. We prospectively investigated whether inflammation and components of the inflammatory response are altered in females compared with males. METHODS: We performed 2 clinical studies in healthy volunteers. In 12 men and 12 women, we assessed systemic inflammatory markers and vascular function using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD)...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891471/comparison-of-gingival-health-and-salivary-parameters-among-autistic-and-non-autistic-school-children-in-riyadh
#8
Hafez M Diab, Suha Saeed Motlaq, Amal Alsharare, Ashwaq Alshammery, Nadia Alshammery, Shabnam Gulzar Khawja, Altaf H Shah
INTRODUCTION: Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder which is manifested as impairment of social interaction, communication and a repetitive behaviour. Autism can obscure dental treatment for the affected patients; furthermore, children with autism commonly have destructive oral habits. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Plaque Index (PI), salivary pH and buffering capacity of the saliva among autistic children compared to normal children in Riyadh City that may provide baseline data to enable comparison and future planning of dental services for autistic children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890976/study-frequency-of-hypertension-and-obesity-and-their-relationship-with-lifestyle-factors-nutritional-habits-physical-activity-cigarette-consumption-in-ardabil-city-physicians-2012-13
#9
Afshin Fathi, Saeid Sadeghieh Ahari, Firouz Amani, Mohammad Reza Nikneghad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Few studies have been done on lifestyle of Iranian physicians. As physicians have important role in health promotion, the main goal of the study was to assess the lifestyle of this influential group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on lifestyle of all registered physicians of Ardabil hospitals, Iran, 2012-13. In this research, 225 physicians were selected, by using simple random sampling. Demographic and lifestyle data were obtained by self-report using standard questionnaires, physical activity by official Iranian short-version of the international physical activity questionnaire, and dietary intake by food frequency questionnaire...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884623/relationship-between-toxoplasma-gondii-seropositivity-and-acoustic-startle-response-in-an-inner-city-population
#10
Nick M Massa, Erica Duncan, Tanja Jovanovic, Kimberly Kerley, Lei Weng, Lauren Gensler, Samuel S Lee, Seth Norrholm, Abigail Powers, Lynn M Almli, Charles F Gillespie, Kerry Ressler, Bradley D Pearce
Toxoplasma gondii (TOXO) is a neuroinvasive protozoan parasite that induces the formation of persistent cysts in mammalian brains. It infects approximately 1.1 million people in the United States annually. Latent TOXO infection is implicated in the etiology of psychiatric disorders, especially schizophrenia (Scz), and has been correlated with modestly impaired cognition. The acoustic startle response (ASR) is a reflex seen in all mammals. It is mediated by a simple subcortical circuit, and provides an indicator of neural function...
November 21, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879689/determinants-health-problems-and-food-insecurity-in-urban-areas-of-the-largest-city-in-cape-verde
#11
Isabel Craveiro, Daniela Alves, Miguel Amado, Zélia Santos, Argentina Tomar Fortes, António Pedro Delgado, Artur Correia, Luzia Gonçalves
Urbanization processes are intertwined with nutritional transition because there is easier access to food of low nutritional quality at reduced prices, changing dietary patterns and leading to an increase of non-communicable chronic diseases. This study aims to understand the perceptions for high blood pressure, obesity, and alcoholism, describing some interactions of these dimensions in the problem of food security in the city of Praia. A qualitative study was carried out under the framework of the research project "UPHI-STAT: Urban Planning and Health Inequalities-moving from macro to micro statistics"...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872803/local-food-environment-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-an-ecological-study
#12
Mariana Carvalho Menezes, Bruna Vieirade Lima Costa, Cláudia Di Lorenzo Oliveira, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
Ecological studies are essential for understanding the environment-diet relationship. The purpose of this study was to describe environmental conditions and their relationship with fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among Brazilian public health service users in the city of Belo Horizonte. We evaluated food stores contained within 1600 m buffer zones at 18 Health Academy Programme sites, from 2013 to 2014. Variables at the community (density, proximity and type) and the consumer (sectional location of FV; availability, quality, variety, price and advertising of FV and ultra-processed foods) nutrition environment were measured by direct observation, while aggregate data from users (income and FV consumption) were obtained by interview...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872274/voices-through-cameras-using-photovoice-to-explore-food-justice-issues-with-minority-youth-in-east-harlem-new-york
#13
May May Leung, Alen Agaronov, Tara Entwistle, Lorene Harry, Julie Sharkey-Buckley, Nicholas Freudenberg
Engaging and empowering youth to promote health could be important in promoting sustainable positive behaviors. Photovoice is a community-based participatory research tool giving priority populations opportunities for active community engagement and advocacy through photography. Our project objective was to better understand youth perceptions related to food justice within their own community and identify solutions to promote positive change, using photovoice. Twelve minority youth from a low-income New York City neighborhood participated...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867307/adequate-vitamin-d-intake-but-low-serum-levels-in-pediatric-asthma-patients-a-pilot-study-alberta-children-s-hospital
#14
Sarah Howe McKenna, Tanis R Fenton, Mary Noseworthy, Mark Anselmo
Background. We assessed vitamin D intakes and serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels in pediatric asthma patients on moderate-to-high dose inhaled steroids and compared them to published findings of healthy children in our city. Methods. Parents and/or patients were interviewed to estimate the children's vitamin D intakes from foods and supplements (using an adapted validated food frequency questionnaire) and asthma duration and management. Vitamin D status: serum 25-hyroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) was obtained from the medical records...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865651/beyond-supermarkets-food-outlet-location-selection-in-four-u-s-cities-over-time
#15
Pasquale E Rummo, David K Guilkey, Shu Wen Ng, Barry M Popkin, Kelly R Evenson, Penny Gordon-Larsen
INTRODUCTION: Understanding what influences where food outlets locate is important for mitigating disparities in access to healthy food outlets. However, few studies have examined how neighborhood characteristics influence the neighborhood food environment over time, and whether these relationships differ by neighborhood-level income. METHODS: Neighborhood-level data from four U.S. cities (Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; Oakland, CA) from 1986, 1993, 1996, 2001, 2006, and 2011 were used with two-step econometric models to estimate longitudinal associations between neighborhood-level characteristics (z-scores) and the log-transformed count/km(2) (density) of food outlets within real estate-derived neighborhoods...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853033/performance-of-waist-circumference-and-proposed-cutoff-levels-for-defining-overweight-and-obesity-in-nigerians
#16
Christian I Okafor, Taiwo H Raimi, Ibrahim D Gezawa, Anas A Sabir, Ofem Enang, Fabian Puepet, Olufemi A Fasanmade, Esther N Ofoegbu, Olatunde Odusan
BACKGROUND: Waist circumference (WC) is a simple tool for measuring central obesity in routine clinic settings. Gender- and ethnic-specific optimal cutoff points for WC are encouraged for populations lacking such data. OBJECTIVES: To derive WC cutoff values, predictive of overweight and obesity in Nigerians and to evaluate the performance of currently recommended values. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Apparently, healthy urban dwellers from six cities spread across Nigeria were selected for this cross-sectional study...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852110/similar-mediterranean-diet-adherence-but-greater-central-adiposity-is-observed-among-greek-diaspora-adolescents-living-in-istanbul-compared-to-athens
#17
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Maria I Maraki, Despoina Giannopoulou, Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Labros S Sidossis, Maria Tsigga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study was to compare Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence and anthropometry between Greek diaspora adolescents living in Istanbul and Greek adolescents, inhabitants of Athens. DESIGN: A total of 206 adolescents (103 from each site), aged 10.0-19.0 years old, all of Greek origin, were recruited from schools in Athens and minority schools in Istanbul, for the present case-control study. Participants at each site were age and sex-matched...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848931/serum-albumin-and-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-are-useful-biomarkers-of-crohn-s-disease-activity
#18
Guangming Qin, Jiangfeng Tu, Lingang Liu, Laisheng Luo, Jiaqi Wu, Lisha Tao, Chenjing Zhang, Xiaoge Geng, Xiaojun Chen, Xinbo Ai, Bo Shen, Wensheng Pan
BACKGROUND Serum albumin (ALB) may be low during acute inflammation, but it is also affected by nutritional status. Therefore, we hypothesized that ALB and the C-reactive protein/ALB ratio (CRP/ALB) may be associated with disease activity in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). MATERIAL AND METHODS Altogether, 100 patients with CD and 100 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers were retrospectively enrolled in the current study. The patients with CD were subdivided into patients with active disease (Crohn's Disease Activity Index >150) and those in remission...
November 16, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847264/dietary-patterns-and-12-year-risk-of-frailty-results-from-the-three-city-bordeaux-study
#19
Sophie Pilleron, Soufiane Ajana, Marthe-Aline Jutand, Catherine Helmer, Jean-François Dartigues, Cécilia Samieri, Catherine Féart
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between dietary patterns and the 12-year risk of frailty and its components in community-dwelling elderly French adults. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Bordeaux sample of the Three-City Study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 972 initially nonfrail nondemented participants (336 men and 636 women) aged 73 years on average, re-examined at least once over 12 years. MEASUREMENTS: Five sex-specific dietary clusters were previously derived at baseline...
November 12, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845472/measuring-the-expected-increase-in-cycling-in-the-city-of-milan-and-evaluating-the-positive-effects-on-the-population-s-health-status-a-community-based-urban-planning-experience
#20
A Rebecchi, L Boati, A Oppio, M Buffoli, S Capolongo
BACKGROUND: It's scientifically known that inactivity is one of the major risk factors for Non-Communicable Diseases. One of the elements affecting the choice of transport mode, regarding circulation in the city, is the cities' urban morphology, i.e. the infrastructural facilities for the slow mobility service. Cyclability, in fact, can help to increase daily physical activity level, therefore becoming a protective factor for individual health. METHODS: After a literature review about the state of the art regarding the correlation between built environment, active transport and quantification of the physical activity level, we have developed a specific questionnaire to collect information about current and forecast use of bicycle, in case of improvement and implementation of the cycling network...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
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