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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646689/association-between-maternal-urinary-chromium-and-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-the-healthy-baby-cohort-study-in-china
#1
Sha Huang, Wei Xia, Yuanyuan Li, Bin Zhang, Aifen Zhou, Tongzhang Zheng, Zhengmin Qian, Zheng Huang, Shi Lu, Zhong Chen, Youjie Wang, Xinyun Pan, Wenqian Huo, Shuna Jin, Yangqian Jiang, Shunqing Xu
Chromium exposure from increasing industrial releases has become a threat for pregnant women due to the potential health effects on vulnerable embryos. Previous studies have suggested that maternal chromium exposure is associated with adverse birth outcomes, but no epidemiological research has been conducted to examine the relationship between chromium exposure and premature rupture of membranes (PROM). This study aimed at investigating the association of maternal urinary chromium exposure levels with PROM and was performed with 5408 pregnant women recruited from 2012 to 2014 in the city of Wuhan, China...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643674/microbiological-and-serological-control-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-in-kindergarten-staff-in-buenos-aires-city-and-suburban-areas
#2
Romina J Fernández-Brando, María Marta Amaral, Andrés E Ciocchini, Leticia V Bentancor, Jorge A Trelles, Marcelo Da Rocha, Martín Landriel, Mariana Ugarte, Gabriel Briones, Cristina Ibarra, Marina S Palermo
Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections are implicated in the development of the life-threatening hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Despite the magnitude of the social and economic problems caused by HUS, no licensed vaccine or effective therapy is currently available for human use. Prevention of STEC infections continues being the most important measure to reduce HUS incidence. This is especially true for Argentina where HUS incidence among children is extremely high and shows an endemic pattern...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643191/role-of-obesity-variables-in-detecting-hypertension-in-an-iranian-population
#3
Patricia Khashayar, Hamidreza Aghaei Meybodi, Mohsen Rezaei Hemami, Bagher Larijani
INTRODUCTION: As the high incidence of hypertension has been in conjunction with dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity, many studies have suggested obesity as its underlying cause in diverse race and ethnic groups. AIM: The present study was designed to quantify the relationship between obesity variables and hypertension in Iranian population. A ROC curve analysis was also used to determine an optimal BMI cutoff for obesity with the aim of representing elevated incidence of hypertension in this population...
June 22, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638227/relationship-between-serum-adenosine-deaminase-levels-and-liver-histology-in-autoimmune-hepatitis
#4
Murat Torgutalp, Cumali Efe, Hakan Babaoglu, Taylan Kav
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between serum adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels and histological features in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). METHODS: A total of 80 subjects (52 AIH cases and 28 healthy controls) were included in the study. Patients were diagnosed according to the simplified criteria suggested by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group. All of the cases had been diagnosed with AIH between 2010-2015 at Hacettepe University, Department of Gastroenterology...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637444/a-comparison-of-nutritional-intake-and-daily-physical-activity-of-girls-aged-8-11%C3%A2-years-old-in-makkah-saudi-arabia-according-to-weight-status
#5
Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy, Gail A Rees
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Therefore this study sought to investigate dietary intake and daily physical activity in girls aged 8-11 years old in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional observational study conducted in seven schools across the city of Makkah. A total of 266 girls had anthropometric measurements taken including height, weight, waist circumference and body fat estimations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636497/size-segregated-particulate-matter-and-its-association-with-respiratory-deposition-doses-among-outdoor-exercisers-in-dhanbad-city-india
#6
Sunil Kumar Gupta, Suresh Pandian Elumalai
Regular exercise improves physiological processes and yields positive health outcomes. However, it is relatively less known that PM exposure during outdoor exercises may increase several respiratory health problems depending on PM levels. In this study, the respiratory deposition doses (RDDs) in head airway (HD), tracheobronchial (TB) and alveolar (AL) regions of various PM size fractions (PM10, PM2.5 and PM1) were estimated in healthy males and females exercisers in urban outdoor and within house premise. The highest RDDs were found for PM during morning hour in winter compared to remaining periods...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632734/choroidal-thickness-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#7
Meleha Ahmad, Patrick A Kaszubski, Lucy Cobbs, Harmony Reynolds, Roland Theodore Smith
PURPOSE: To evaluate choroidal thickness (CTh) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) compared to healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Setting: Ambulatory clinic of a large city hospital. Patient population: Thirty-four patients had documented CAD, defined as history of >50% obstruction in at least one coronary artery on cardiac catheterization, positive stress test, ST elevation myocardial infarction, or revascularization procedure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629899/high-adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-and-lower-risk-of-frailty-among-french-older-adults-community-dwellers-results-from-the-three-city-bordeaux-study
#8
Berna Rahi, Soufiane Ajana, Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Jean-François Dartigues, Karine Peres, Catherine Feart
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean diet (MeDi) is considered as a key component for healthy aging, including prevention of age-related disability, while its association with frailty, independent of disability has never been assessed. Our objective was to investigate the relation between MeDi adherence and frailty incidence among persons aged ≥75 years participating at the prospective population-based French Three-City Study. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 560 initially non-frail participants of the Three-City-Bordeaux center, seen at the 2009-2010 follow-up, and re-examined two years later...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629410/he-s-just-content-to-sit-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-perceptions-of-infant-obesity-and-physical-activity
#9
Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting health as mothers' views play a vital role in helping their children foster healthy habits from an early age. Research has found parents' views of infants' weight may influence their feeding practices; however, limited research has explored mothers' view of infants' weight in relation to the promotion of physical activity...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617960/low-prevalence-of-igg-antibodies-against-antigens-of-hev-genotypes-1-and-3-in-women-with-a-high-risk-pregnancy
#10
Baptista-González Héctor, Trueba-Gómez Rocío, Rosenfeld-Mann Fanny, Roque-Álvarez Elsa, Méndez-Sánchez Nahúm
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess whether high-risk pregnant women have a higher prevalence of HEV during the perinatal period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 428 patients: Group 1, 127 women with a high-risk pregnancy; Group 2, 97 asymptomatic people with reactivity to HCV or HBV; Group 3, 94 patients with clinical symptoms suggestive of HEV infection; and Group 4, 110 healthy blood donors from an urban area of Mexico City...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616242/first-complete-genome-sequence-of-canine-bocavirus-2-in-mainland-china
#11
S-L Zhai, T Lin, Y-W Chen, R Liu, D-H Lv, X-H Wen, X-L Zhu, D Wang, F Li, W-K Wei
We obtained the first full-length genome sequence of canine bocavirus 2 (CBoV2) from the faeces of a healthy dog in Guangzhou city, Guangdong province, mainland China. The genome of GZHD15 consisted of 5059 nucleotides. Sequence analysis suggested that GZHD15 was close to a previously circulated Hong Kong isolate.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611067/maximising-paediatricians-roles-in-improving-children-s-oral-health-lessons-from-leicester
#12
REVIEW
Jasmine Murphy, Rod Moore
AIMS: To provide an overview of steps taken to improve oral health in one UK city and to review factors relevant to maximising the contribution that paediatricians (and potentially other health professionals) can make to improving oral health. METHODS: The article provides information on the strategic approach taken in Leicester, one of the most ethnically diverse cities in England, and also one of the most deprived. Over a third of children aged 3 years, and half of those aged 5 years, have experience of obvious dental decay...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601169/african-american-women-s-perceptions-on-access-to-food-and-water-in-flint-michigan
#13
Kellie E Mayfield, Marsha Carolan, Lorraine Weatherspoon, Kimberly R Chung, Sharon M Hoerr
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceptions of food access by African American women in Flint, MI. METHODS: Using womanist theory, in which African American women's experiential knowledge centered the analysis, 8 focus groups were conducted during fall/spring, 2014-2015. Seventeen mothers aged 21-50 years with children aged <18 years and 13 women aged >60 years comprised the groups. RESULTS: The high cost of water, poor availability of healthy foods in inner-city stores, and limited transportation were barriers to accessing healthy food...
June 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595770/influence-of-breastfeeding-and-iron-status-on-mental-and-psychomotor-development-during-the-first-year-of-life
#14
Cristina Jardí, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Josefa Canals, Victoria Arija, Cristina Bedmar, Núria Voltas, Núria Aranda
Breastfeeding (BF) confers numerous benefits on the developing infant in both the short and the long term including psychological development, but there are multiple other factors that must be taken into account when these relationships are studied. To analyse how breastfeeding during the first 4 months of life affects infant mental and psychomotor development (MPD) at 6 and 12 months in a group of healthy infants from a Mediterranean Spanish city considering many important potential confounds. This is a longitudinal study conducted on infants from birth until the age of 12 months...
June 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592012/-investigation-of-dose-dependent-association-between-bedtime-routines-and-sleep-outcomes-in-infants-and-toddlers
#15
F Yang, Q M Lin, G H Wang, Y R Jiang, Y J Song, S M Dong, W Q Sun, Y J Deng, Y Wang, X J Xu, Q Zhu, F Jiang
Objective: To investigate the current bedtime routine among Chinese children less than 3 years of age and explore its dose-dependent association with sleep duration and sleep quality. Method: Healthy full-term born children aged 0-35 months were selected by stratified cluster random sampling method from 8 provinces in China following the "Hospital of Province-City-County" sampling technical route during 2012-2013.Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire(BISQ) was used to assess sleep conditions of these children.Children's personal and family information was obtained by Shanghai Children's Medical Center Socio-demographic Questionnaire...
June 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587623/intersection-of-neighborhood-dynamics-and-socioeconomic-status-in-small-area-walkability-the-heart-healthy-hoods-project
#16
Pedro Gullón, Usama Bilal, Alba Cebrecos, Hannah M Badland, Iñaki Galán, Manuel Franco
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found a complex relationship between area-level socioeconomic status (SES) and walkability. These studies did not include neighborhood dynamics. Our aim was to study the association between area-level SES and walkability in the city of Madrid (Spain) evaluating the potential effect modification of neighborhood dynamics. METHODS: All census sections of the city of Madrid (n = 2415) were included. Area-level SES was measured using a composite index of 7 indicators in 4 domains (education, wealth, occupation and living conditions)...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586603/evaluating-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-through-bone-mass-density
#17
Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Asif Khaliq, Ashar Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis is a bone disorder, characterized by loss of bone mass density. Osteoporosis affects more than 30% of post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis is often associated with restricted body movement, pain and joint deformities. Early identification and early intervention can help in reducing these complications. The primary objective of this study was to estimate the burden of Osteoporosis in Urban setting of Sindh among women of different age groups and to access the effect of different protective measures that can reduce the risk of Osteoporosis...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582980/prevalence-of-adolescent-obesity-at-a-high-school-in-the-city-of-tshwane
#18
Nomusa A Ngwenya, Tendani S Ramukumba
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been reported to be on the rise in the world and South Africa is no exception. In recent years obesity has been reported to contribute to the increasing number of people with hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Africa has the fastest growing number of overweight and obese adolescents, with indications that in 2010, it had more than doubled since 1990. Some people might perceive being overweight as being round and healthy which might contribute to the increased rate of obesity in South Africa...
May 23, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582663/molecular-and-epidemiological-characterization-of-staphylococcal-foodborne-outbreak-of-staphylococcus-aureus-harboring-seg-sei-sem-sen-seo-and-selu-genes-without-production-of-classical-enterotoxins
#19
Kaoru Umeda, Hiromi Nakamura, Kaori Yamamoto, Nobuko Nishina, Kiyoshi Yasufuku, Yuki Hirai, Teruo Hirayama, Kaoru Goto, Atsushi Hase, Jun Ogasawara
Staphylococcal food poisoning is the result of consumption of food contaminated with staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) produced by Staphylococcus aureus. To date, 23 SEs and SE-like enterotoxins (SEls) have been described in the literature. They are divided into classical SEs (SEA-SEE) and new SE/SEls (SEG-SElX). Some have proved to be foodborne-inducible, but others remain unidentified. In May 2016, at an elderly group home in Osaka city, Japan, an outbreak from foodborne pathogens occurred among lunch party participants...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558708/circulating-blood-levels-of-il-6-ifn-%C3%AE-and-il-10-as-potential-diagnostic-biomarkers-in-gastric-cancer-a-controlled-study
#20
Norma Sánchez-Zauco, J Torres, Alejandro Gómez, Margarita Camorlinga-Ponce, Leopoldo Muñoz-Pérez, Ramón Herrera-Goepfert, Rafael Medrano-Guzmán, Silvia Giono-Cerezo, Carmen Maldonado-Bernal
BACKGROUND: Gastric adenocarcinoma is the third most common cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. Helicobacter pylori infection activates a signaling cascade that induces production of cytokines and chemokines involved in the chronic inflammatory response that drives carcinogenesis. We evaluated circulating cytokines and chemokines as potential diagnostic biomarkers for gastric cancer. METHODS: We included 201 healthy controls and 162 patients with distal gastric cancer who underwent primary surgical resection between 2009 and 2012 in Mexico City...
May 30, 2017: BMC Cancer
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