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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769772/oral-hygiene-status-gingival-status-periodontal-status-and-treatment-needs-among-pregnant-and-nonpregnant-women-a-comparative-study
#1
Meena Kashetty, Sagar Kumbhar, Smita Patil, Prashant Patil
Objectives: The gingival and periodontal changes during pregnancy are well known. Gingivitis is the most prevalent oral manifestations associated with pregnancy. The hormonal and vascular changes that accompany pregnancy are known to exaggerate the inflammatory response to the local irritants. Hence, a study was designed to assess oral hygiene status, gingival status, periodontal status, and treatment needs (TNs) among pregnant and nonpregnant women. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 120 pregnant and 120 nonpregnant women of 18-44 years age attending the Outpatient Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Government Hospital of Belgaum city, Karnataka, India...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765187/gross-motor-skill-development-of-kindergarten-children-in-japan
#2
Thanda Aye, Tsugumi Kuramoto-Ahuja, Tamae Sato, Kaori Sadakiyo, Miyoko Watanabe, Hitoshi Maruyama
[Purpose] The purposes of this study were to assess and explore the gender-based differences in gross motor skill development of 5-year-old Japanese children. [Subjects and Methods] This cross-sectional study recruited 60 healthy 5-year-old (third-year kindergarten, i.e., nencho ) children (34 boys, 26 girls) from one local private kindergarten school in Otawara city, Tochigi Prefecture, Japan. Gross motor skills, including six locomotor and six object control skills, were assessed using the test of gross motor development, second edition (TGMD-2)...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758945/a-10-year-follow-up-of-adiposity-and-dementia-in-swedish-adults-aged-70-years-and-older
#3
Ilse A C Arnoldussen, Valter Sundh, Kristoffer Bäckman, Silke Kern, Svante Östling, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Ingmar Skoog, Amanda J Kiliaan, Deborah R Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Adiposity measured in mid- or late-life and estimated using anthropometric measures such as body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), or metabolic markers such as blood leptin and adiponectin levels, is associated with late-onset dementia risk. However, during later life, this association may reverse and aging- and dementia-related processes may differentially affect adiposity measures. OBJECTIVE: We explored associations of concurrent BMI, WHR, and blood leptin and high molecular weight adiponectin levels with dementia occurrence...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757933/improving-physical-fitness-and-cognitive-functions-in-middle-school-students-study-protocol-for-the-chinese-childhood-health-activity-and-motor-performance-study-chinese-champs
#4
Zhixiong Zhou, Shanshan Dong, Jun Yin, Quan Fu, Hong Ren, Zenong Yin
Background : Sedentary lifestyles and their associated harmful consequences are public health concerns that impact more than half of the world's youth population in both developed and developing countries. Methods : The Chinese Childhood Health; Activity and Motor Performance Study (Chinese CHAMPS) was a cluster randomized controlled trial to modify school physical activity policies and the physical education (PE) curriculum; using teacher training and parent engagement to increase opportunities and support students' physical activity and healthy eating...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755051/investing-in-gulfport-development-of-an-academic-community-partnership-to-address-health-disparities
#5
Danielle Fastring, Susan Mayfield-Johnson, Tanya Funchess, Julie Egressy, Greg Wilson
BACKGROUND: Invest Health, a collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Reinvestment Fund, selected 50 midsized cities to participate in a health initiative that encourages cross-sector alliances to think creatively about mechanisms that address barriers to reducing health disparities among low-income populations. Gulfport, Mississippi, was 1 of 50 teams chosen to participate. OBJECTIVE: To develop an academic-community partnership among the University of Southern Mississippi, Coastal Family Health Center (CFHC), Mercy Housing and Human Development (MHHD), the Mississippi State Department of Health Office of Health Disparity Elimination, and Gulfport residents to create the Healthy Gulfport Initiative, and, ultimately, the Gulf Coast Healthy Communities Collaborative (GCHCC)...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750237/oral-health-of-youth-housed-in-socio-educational-centers-of-the-juvenile-penal-area-of-the-province-of-c%C3%A3-rdoba-argentina
#6
María M Barnetche, Lila S Cornejo
The purpose of this research was to analyze the oral health status of youth housed in socio-educational centers of the Juvenile Penal Area of the Province of Córdoba, Argentina of corrections by considering clinical evaluation and the main sociodemographic data. Socio-demographics, healthy and unhealthy habits of self-care, and dental clinical profile were assessed for this purpose. An exploratory cross-sectional study was carried out on 70 14- to 18-year-olds who had been institutionalized for at least six months...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742119/prior-subclinical-histoplasmosis-revealed-in-nigeria-using-histoplasmin-skin-testing
#7
Rita O Oladele, Conchita Toriello, Folasade T Ogunsola, Olusola O Ayanlowo, Philip Foden, Adetona S Fayemiwo, Iriagbonse I Osaigbovo, Anthony A Iwuafor, Shuwaram Shettima, Halimat A Ekundayo, Malcolm D Richardson, David W Denning
OBJECTIVES: Disseminated histoplasmosis is an AIDS-defining illness. Histoplasmosis is commonly misdiagnosed as tuberculosis. Nigeria has the second highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS in Africa. The present study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of skin sensitivity amongst Nigerians to histoplasmin. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in six centres across five geopolitical zones of Nigeria. METHODS: We recruited both healthy non-HIV and HIV-positive adults with CD4 count ≥ 350 cells/mm3 regardless of their ART status from March to May 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741751/smartphone-addiction-and-school-life-adjustment-among-high-school-students-the-mediating-effect-of-self-control
#8
YoungJin Heo, Kyunghee Lee
Previous studies have reported associations among smartphone addiction, school adjustment, and self-control. However, the causal relationship between smartphone addiction and school adjustment has not been clearly demonstrated. The current study examined the association between smartphone addiction and school adjustment and investigated the mediating effect of self-control in this association. A total of 790 students from five high schools in Daegu City, South Korea, were asked to provide demographic information and complete a self-diagnostic smartphone addiction scale and validated Korean version of a self-control scale...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738012/walking-based-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-saudi-males-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
Mohammed M Alyami, Sue C Jenkins, Kylie Hill
OBJECTIVES: To compare walking-based activity and sedentary behavior between males with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and healthy controls and to examine the association between dyspnea with time spent in walking-based activity and sedentary behavior in males with COPD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 30 males with COPD (age 62.0±5.0 years; forced expiratory volume in one second [FEV1] 46±15% predicted) and 29 healthy controls (age 63.0±4...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737804/effects-of-palm-olein-and-olive-oil-on-serum-lipids-in-a-chinese-population-a-randomized-double-blind-cross-over-trial
#10
Guiju Sun, Hui Xia, Yuexin Yang, Shushu Ma, Haiteng Zhou, Guofang Shu, Shaokang Wang, Xian Yang, Huali Tang, Fengling Wang, Yaqiong He, Rong Ding, Hong Yin, Yanyan Wang, Yang Yang, Hangju Zhu, Ligang Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As the most widely produced edible vegetable oil, palm oil is known as to contain a high level of saturated fatty acid, which was thought to adversely affect serum lipid profiles. However, recent studies have shown no influence or benefits of palm oil on serum lipids. The potential nutritional value of palm oil is attributed to the high mono-unsaturation at the crucial sn2-position of the oil's triacylglycerols, as with the so-called 'healthy' olive oil (OO)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736345/endophytic-fungal-communities-associated-with-field-grown-soybean-roots-and-seeds-in-the-huang-huai-region-of-china
#11
Hongjun Yang, Wenwu Ye, Jiaxin Ma, Dandan Zeng, Zhenyang Rong, Miao Xu, Yuanchao Wang, Xiaobo Zheng
Plants depend on beneficial interactions between roots and fungal endophytes for growth, disease suppression, and stress tolerance. In this study, we characterized the endophytic fungal communities associated with the roots and corresponding seeds of soybeans grown in the Huang-Huai region of China. For the roots, we identified 105 and 50 genera by culture-independent and culture-dependent (CD) methods, respectively, and isolated 136 fungal strains (20 genera) from the CD samples. Compared with the 52 soybean endophytic fungal genera reported in other countries, 28 of the genera we found were reported, and 90 were newly discovered...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729518/short-term-effects-of-physical-activity-air-pollution-and-their-interaction-on-the-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-system
#12
Michelle Laeremans, Evi Dons, Ione Avila-Palencia, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Juan Pablo Orjuela, Esther Anaya, Tom Cole-Hunter, Audrey de Nazelle, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Arnout Standaert, Martine Van Poppel, Patrick De Boever, Luc Int Panis
Physical activity (PA) in urban environments may lead to increased inhalation of air pollutants. As PA and air pollution (AP) have respectively beneficial and detrimental effects on the cardiorespiratory system, the responses to these exposures can interact. Therefore, we assessed the short-term effects of PA, AP and their interaction on a set of subclinical cardiovascular and respiratory outcomes in a panel of healthy adults: heart rate variability (HRV), retinal vessel diameters, lung function and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO)...
May 2, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729173/indscators-of-blood-lipid-profile-acute-phase-reactions-and-uric-acid-in-patients-with-arterial-hypertension-combined-with-connective-tissue-dysplasia
#13
Yevheniya H Zaremba, Nataliya O Rak, Olha V Zaremba, Olena V Zaremba-Fedchyshyn, Marianna M Virna, Liliya O Odnorih
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:Changes in the cardiovascular system can be divided into 2 groups due to the connective tissue dysplasia (CTD) and changes in the circulatory system, caused by pathological processes that arose on the basis of the connective structures failure. One of the risk factors of arterial hypertension (AH) remaining insufficiently studied is collagen pathology - nondifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia (NCTD). The presence of connective tissue in all organs and systems, the common origin of smooth muscles, blood and lymph from mesenchyma leads to dysplastic changes in any organ and system...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729137/establishing-reference-intervals-for-sex-hormones-and-shbg-in-apparently-healthy-chinese-adult-men-based-on-a-multicenter-study
#14
Songlin Yu, Ling Qiu, Min Liu, Shijun Li, Zhihua Tao, Qiong Zhang, Liangyu Xia, Pengchang Li, Li'an Hou, Xuzhen Qin, Yicong Yin, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Xinqi Cheng
BACKGROUND: Measuring sex hormones is essential in diagnosing health issues such as testicular dysfunction, male infertility and feminization syndrome. However, there are no reports on reference intervals (RIs) in Chinese men. We conducted a nationwide multicenter study to establish RIs for seven sex hormones (luteinizing hormone [LH], follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH], prolactin [PRL], total testosterone [TT], free testosterone [FT], bioavailable testosterone [BAT] and estrogen [E2]), as well as sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG)...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722589/evidence-based-pediatric-asthma-interventions-and-outcome-measures-in-a-healthy-homes-program-an-integrative-review
#15
Jeannie K Giese
OBJECTIVE: Asthma disproportionately impacts and has poorer outcomes in low-income, minority, and inner-city children. The home environment has a profound impact on a child's asthma. Home-based asthma visits have the potential to positively impact a child's asthma, especially in targeted populations. The purpose of this integrative review is 1.) to explore the effectiveness of home-based education and environmental measures and 2.) to explore specific indicators and tools to measure pediatric asthma control and program effectiveness...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720281/latent-class-analysis-of-the-multivariate-delirium-index-in-long-term-care-settings
#16
Antonio Ciampi, Chun Bai, Alina Dyachenko, Jane McCusker, Martin G Cole, Eric Belzile
ABSTRACTBackground:A few studies examine the time evolution of delirium in long-term care (LTC) settings. In this work, we analyze the multivariate Delirium Index (DI) time evolution in LTC settings. METHODS: The multivariate DI was measured weekly for six months in seven LTC facilities, located in Montreal and Quebec City. Data were analyzed using a hidden Markov chain/latent class model (HMC/LC). RESULTS: The analysis sample included 276 LTC residents. Four ordered latent classes were identified: fairly healthy (low "disorientation" and "memory impairment," negligible other DI symptoms), moderately ill (low "inattention" and "disorientation," medium "memory impairment"), clearly sick (low "disorganized thinking" and "altered level of consciousness," medium "inattention," "disorientation," "memory impairment" and "hypoactivity"), and very sick (low "hypoactivity," medium "altered level of consciousness," high "inattention," "disorganized thinking," "disorientation" and "memory impairment")...
May 3, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717274/detecting-epistasis-within-chromatin-regulatory-circuitry-reveals-cand2-as-a-novel-susceptibility-gene-for-obesity
#17
Shan-Shan Dong, Shi Yao, Yi-Xiao Chen, Yan Guo, Yu-Jie Zhang, Hui-Min Niu, Ruo-Han Hao, Hui Shen, Qing Tian, Hong-Wen Deng, Tie-Lin Yang
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have identified many susceptibility loci for obesity. However, missing heritability problem is still challenging and ignorance of genetic interactions is believed to be an important cause. Current methods for detecting interactions usually do not consider regulatory elements in non-coding regions. Interaction analyses within chromatin regulatory circuitry may identify new susceptibility loci. METHODS: We developed a pipeline named interaction analyses within chromatin regulatory circuitry (IACRC), to identify genetic interactions impacting body mass index (BMI)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713050/gaps-in-awareness-and-control-of-hypertension-a-cross-sectional-study-in-chinese-urban-adults
#18
Ai Zhao, Shengjie Tan, Ignatius Man-Yau Szeto, Yan Wang, Liping Meng, Ting Li, Wenzhi Zhao, Meichen Wang, Yumei Zhang
Hypertension is a serious public health threat worldwide. This study sought to explore gaps in urban Chinese adults' awareness and control of hypertension. A cross-sectional study was carried out in eight Chinese cities in 2016. Participants were organized into four groups on the basis of blood pressure (BP) and self-reported disease history: healthy group (63.0%), well-controlled BP group (9.1%), unaware hypertension group (14.0%), and poorly controlled BP group (13.9%). Multinomial logistic regression with the healthy group as the reference group showed that younger age and body mass index <24 kg/m2 were negatively associated with lack of awareness of hypertension and poor control of BP...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707287/peak-expiratory-flow-among-healthy-children-aged-5-14-years-in-china
#19
Yanhong Lu, Jinping Zheng, Chuanhe Liu, Tao Ai, Ning Wang, Ning Meng, Shuo Li, Ronghua Luo, Xiaomei Ren, Wujun Jiang, Yi Gao, Chuangli Hao
Background: Guidelines of the Global Initiative for Asthma recommend the use of peak expiratory flow (PEF) in the assessment and management of patients with asthma. However, normal PEF values for Chinese children have not been thoroughly investigated. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 3,169 healthy children aged 5-14 years from research centers in five cities of China: Guangzhou, Suzhou, Chengdu, Xi'an, and Beijing. We established pediatric reference values for PEF using a mini peak flow meter...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706921/patients-with-very-mild-dementia-may-confuse-objective-cognitive-impairments-with-subjective-physical-health-of-quality-of-life-the-tome-city-project-in-japan
#20
Mari Kasai, Kenichi Meguro
Many elderly people with cognitive dysfunction may observe a decrease in their health levels and quality of life (QOL). The basic concept of QOL consists of several categories including physical functions and mental health. The QOL domain that is most important for elderly people is physical health and, to a lesser extent, psychological health, social relationships, and/ or the environment. Our aim was to explore the relationships between the subjective measure of QOL, an abbreviated version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) scale, and the objective measure of impairment, Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), among elderly people in a community...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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