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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088200/vitamin-d-status-among-the-elderly-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-2010-2013-china-national-nutrition-and-health-survey-cnnhs
#1
Jing Chen, Chunfeng Yun, Yuna He, Jianhua Piao, Lichen Yang, Xiaoguang Yang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D inadequacy is common among the elderly, especially within the Asian population. The vitamin D status among healthy adults in the elderly Chinese population was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 6014 healthy adults aged 60 years or older (2948 men, 3066 women) participated in this descriptive cross-sectional analysis. Possible predictors of vitamin D inadequacy were evaluated via multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The median serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were 61...
January 14, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074059/school-environment-and-policies-child-eating-behavior-and-overweight-obesity-in-urban-china-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#2
P Jia, M Li, H Xue, L Lu, F Xu, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rising rapidly in China, especially in urban areas. Knowledge about how school environment and policies (SEP) may have contributed to the epidemic remains limited. We examined SEP and their associations with students' eating behaviors and overweight/obesity in urban China. METHODS: Data were collected from 1648 students (plus their parents and schools) in 16 primary and middle schools (4 schools/per city) in four mega-cities across China: Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069138/disparities-in-access-to-trauma-care-in-the-united-states-a-population-based-analysis
#3
Brendan G Carr, Ariel J Bowman, Catherine S Wolff, Michael T Mullen, Daniel N Holena, Charles C Branas, Douglas J Wiebe
BACKGROUND: Injury is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Accordingly, expanding access to trauma care is a Healthy People priority. The extent to which disparities in access to trauma care exist in the US is unknown. Our objective was to describe geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic disparities in access to trauma care in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of the US population in 2010 using small units of geographic analysis and validated estimates of population access to a Level I or II trauma center within 60minutes via ambulance or helicopter...
January 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069099/can-latino-food-trucks-loncheras-serve-healthy-meals-a-feasibility-study
#4
Deborah A Cohen, Ben Colaiaco, Mary Martinez-Wenzl, Monica Montes, Bing Han, Sandy H Berry
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot study to assess the feasibility of modifying food truck meals to meet the My Plate guidelines as well as the acceptability of healthier meals among consumers. DESIGN: We recruited the owners of Latino food trucks (loncheras) in 2013-2014 and offered an incentive for participation, assistance with marketing and training by a bilingual dietitian. We surveyed customers and we audited purchases to estimate sales of the modified meals. SETTING: City of Los Angeles, CA, USA...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062883/relationship-between-sleep-habits-and-nighttime-sleep-among-healthy-preschool-children-in-taiwan
#5
Ming Jae Lo
Introduction: We examined the nighttime sleep habits associated with insufficient sleep quantity and poor sleep quality among healthy preschool-aged Taiwanese children. Materials and Methods: The study population of this cross-sectional survey was a stratified random sample of 3 to 6-year-old preschool children from 19 cities and counties in Taiwan. A caregiver-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on preschooler sleep quantity (sleep duration and sleep latency) and sleep quality (sleep disturbances and disruption) and potentially related sleep habits...
December 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062265/community-based-healthy-lifestyle-interventions
#6
REVIEW
Kathy Berra, Barry Franklin, Catriona Jennings
In an environment in which most people have lifestyles that increase risk for initial or recurrent cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, community-based healthy lifestyle initiatives are highly effective in providing programs, education and support to reduce associated CVD risk factors and improve outcomes. Pioneering programs, such as the Stanford Three Community and Five Cities studies, and the North Karelia project in Finland, served as prototypes for current initiatives. These include partnerships with national organizations (e...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061343/maternal-urinary-paraben-levels-and-offspring-size-at-birth-from-a-chinese-birth-cohort
#7
Chuansha Wu, Wenqian Huo, Yuanyuan Li, Bin Zhang, Yanjian Wan, Tongzhang Zheng, Aifen Zhou, Zhong Chen, Minzheng Qian, Yingshuang Zhu, Yangqian Jiang, Hongxiu Liu, Jie Hu, Xi Chen, Bing Xu, Wei Xia, Shunqing Xu
BACKGROUND: Parabens are suspected to impair fetal growth because of their endocrine disrupting effects. Epidemiological studies regarding the effects of prenatal exposure to parabens on birth outcomes are limited. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate the association between prenatal paraben exposure and size of infants at birth. METHODS: Within the longitudinal Healthy Baby Cohort (HBC) in Hubei Province, China, we randomly selected 1006 mother-infant pairs recruited in Wuhan City in 2014...
December 27, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056912/perceived-barriers-to-achieving-a-healthy-weight-a-qualitative-study-using-focus-groups-at-public-and-private-schools-in-guatemala-city
#8
Luisa Madrigal, Inez Adams, Violeta Chacon, Joaquin Barnoya
BACKGROUND: Overweight prevalence among Guatemalan girls is higher in public than in private schools. Little is known about adolescent girls' perceptions of the right ways to achieve a healthy weight. This study examines public and private school adolescent girls' perceptions of a "healthy weight," and barriers and facilitators to achieving it. METHODS: We conducted 4 focus groups in public and private schools in Guatemala City with girls from 13 to 15 years old...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032240/impact-of-the-china-healthy-cities-initiative-on-urban-environment
#9
Dahai Yue, Shiman Ruan, Jin Xu, Weiming Zhu, Luyu Zhang, Gang Cheng, Qingyue Meng
The China Healthy Cities initiative, a nationwide public health campaign, has been implemented for 25 years. As "Healthy China 2030" becomes the key national strategy for improving population health, this initiative is an important component. However, the effects of the initiative have not been well studied. This paper aims to explore its impact on urban environment using a multiple time series design. We adopted a stratified and systematic sampling method to choose 15 China healthy cities across the country...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027636/a-social-cognitive-theory-based-programme-for-eating-patterns-and-sedentary-activity-among-overweight-adolescents-in-makassar-south-sulawesi-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Healthy Hidayanty, Saptawati Bardosono, Helda Khusun, Rita Damayanti, Risatianti Kolopaking
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social cognitive theory provides the opportunity for program development to enhance healthy personal behvioural characteristics. We devised study to employ social cognitive theory to reduce snacking habits and sedentary activity among overweight adolescents . METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eight junior high schools in Makassar city were randomly assigned as intervention and control schools. A total of 238 overweight students aged 11-15 years (BMI z-score >=1 SD, according to a 2007 report from the WHO) were recruited...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026707/determinants-of-vitamin-d-status-in-pregnant-women-and-neonates
#11
Christy G Woolcott, Yves Giguère, Hope A Weiler, Anne Spencer, Jean-Claude Forest, B Anthony Armson, Linda Dodds
OBJECTIVES: Evidence suggests a beneficial effect of vitamin D on perinatal health; however, low vitamin D status is prevalent in pregnant women and neonates. The objective was to determine factors that are associated with vitamin D status of mothers in early pregnancy and neonates. METHODS: The study comprised 1,635 pregnant women from Quebec City and Halifax, Canada, 2002-2010. Vitamin D status was based on the concentration of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D [25(OH)D] determined with a chemiluminescence immunoassay in maternal sera collected at a median of 15 weeks' gestation and in neonatal cord sera at delivery...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004014/risky-exposures-and-national-estimate-of-hcv-seroprevalence-among-school-children-in-urban-egypt
#12
Ekram W Abd El-Wahab, Ahmed Abdel Maksoud, Hanan Z Shatat, Amira M Kotkat
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world, particularly in Egypt. Limited data are available concerning the national seroprevalence and the possible modes of transmission of HCV in the pediatric age group. The aim of this study was to obtain a better estimate of the national hepatitis C seroprevalence and the possible risky exposures among healthy school children in Alexandria; the second biggest city in Egypt. HCV knowledge and counseling for school children were also investigated...
December 2016: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001209/quality-of-life-and-its-association-with-work-the-internet-participation-in-groups-and-physical-activity-among-the-elderly-from-the-epifloripa-survey-florian%C3%A3-polis-santa-catarina-state-brazil
#13
Larissa Pruner Marques, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Eleonora d'Orsi
The study aimed to investigate the association between changes in social relations and physical activity on the quality of life of the elderly in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Data on 1,197 elderly from two waves of the population and household survey, EpiFloripa Idoso, were analyzed. Multiple linear regression was performed to estimate association of social change variables and lifestyle on quality of life score (QoL; measured by CASP-16 Brazil, score can range from 0, which represents no QoL to 48, total satisfaction in all domains of CASP)...
December 22, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000620/aerobic-exercise-in-polluted-urban-environments-effects-on-airway-defense-mechanisms-in-young-healthy-amateur-runners
#14
Matheus Cavalcante de Sá, Naomi Kondo Nakagawa, Carmen Diva Saldiva de André, Regiani Carvalho-Oliveira, Tômas de Santana Carvalho, Marina Lazzari Nicola, Paulo Afonso de André, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva, Mauro Vaisberg
In this study, the effects of aerobic exercise on the upper airways and their defense mechanisms were investigated in athletes. The athletes ran in two different environments: the downtown streets of the city of São Paulo (Street), more polluted, and an urban forest (Forest), less polluted. Thirty-eight young healthy athletes ran for 45 min d(-1) randomly during five consecutive days, with an interval of 48 h before changing environment. Clinical parameters and respiratory tract defense markers were evaluated before and after the first run on Mondays (1 d) and on Fridays (5 d)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000588/active-tuberculosis-patients-have-high-levels-of-iga-anti-alpha-crystallin-and-isocitrate-lyase-proteins
#15
M Talavera-Paulín, L García-Morales, B P Ruíz-Sánchez, Á D Caamal-Ley, A Hernández-Solis, E Ramírez-Casanova, R Cicero-Sabido, C Espitia, C Helguera-Repetto, J A González-Y-Merchand, R Flores-Mejía, S Estrada-Parra, I Estrada-García, R Chacón-Salinas, I Wong-Baeza, J Serafín-López
SETTING: Mexico City, Mexico. OBJECTIVE: To identify proteins synthetised by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in hypoxic culture, which resemble more closely a granuloma environment than aerobic culture, and to determine if they are recognised by antibodies from patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). DESIGN: Soluble extracts from M. tuberculosis H37Rv cultured under aerobic or hypoxic conditions were analysed using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and proteins over-expressed under hypoxia were identified by mass spectrometry...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997653/effect-of-pritelivir-compared-with-valacyclovir-on-genital-hsv-2-shedding-in-patients-with-frequent-recurrences-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Anna Wald, Burkhard Timmler, Amalia Magaret, Terri Warren, Stephen Tyring, Christine Johnston, Kenneth Fife, Stacy Selke, Meei-Li Huang, Hans-Peter Stobernack, Holger Zimmermann, Lawrence Corey, Alexander Birkmann, Helga Ruebsamen-Schaeff
Importance: Current therapy of herpes infections relies on nucleoside analogues. Pritelivir is a well-tolerated novel herpes simplex virus (HSV) helicase-primase inhibitor that reduced genital shedding and lesions. Objective: To compare the efficacy of pritelivir with valacyclovir for suppression of genital HSV-2 infection. Design, Setting, and Participants: A phase 2, randomized, double-blind, crossover clinical trial at clinical research centers in 4 US cities (October 2012-July 2013) compared daily oral doses of 100 mg of pritelivir with 500 mg of valacyclovir...
20, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987379/new-mothers-experiences-of-the-urban-environment-with-their-preterm-infants-involve-complex-social-emotional-and-psychological-processes
#17
Silvia Gullino, Anthony Kaiser, Hammad Khan, Aisling Phillips, Alice Elwin, A D Edwards
AIM: Studies have explored how mothers and premature babies make the transition from a neonatal unit (NNU) to home, but little is known about how mothers cope with urban life with a vulnerable baby. This controlled trial investigated how first-time mothers with singleton preterm babies handled that experience in the first few months after discharge from a NNU, compared to the first-time mothers of healthy, singleton term-born infants. METHODS: This parent-led, qualitative study was carried out in London, UK, from 2013-2015 and used diaries and walking interviews with researchers...
December 17, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968877/health-status-and-migration-a-propensity-score-matching-with-difference-in-difference-regression-approach
#18
Liming Lu, Xiao Gong, Jingchun Zeng
BACKGROUND: By 2014, about 253 million Chinese migrants had left their rural hometowns and were working in cities. The effect of migration on health is unclear, since it is affected by changes in environments and behaviours over the course of migration. Furthermore, previous studies have not thoroughly considered the "healthy migrant hypothesis" (that is, healthy people are more conducive to migrate). This paper strives to explore the potential mechanisms of migration and health over two successive years to provide a useful reference point for health policy targeted at migrants...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968854/psychophysical-effects-of-subtle-modification-of-the-built-environment-a-quasi-experimental-field-study
#19
Rich Masters, Catherine Capio, Thomson Wong, Jamie Poolton, Liis Uiga
BACKGROUND: China's rapid urban growth is associated with an increasingly unhealthy population. Urban planners can design cities to promote healthy lifestyles, but to re-engineer the existing built environment is no simple task. We assessed whether a simple modification of the built environment was associated with altered perceptions of, and ambulation in, that environment. METHODS: We adjusted a single-rail stair banister (length 3 m, height 1 m) in an urban area of Hong Kong, China, to increase or decrease the convergence angle with the stairs by 10% (plus or minus 1·91°)...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968838/effect-of-ocular-reconstruction-on-brain-function-and-structure-in-people-with-age-related-cataracts-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Haotian Lin, Li Zhang, Kevin Chan, Yingwei Qiu, Duoru Lin, Wan Chen, Hui Chen, Yizhi Liu, Weirong Chen
BACKGROUND: Healthy ageing is accompanied by simultaneous decline of visual and neural function. Studies in animals and humans provide converging evidence that these functions' decrease is mostly associated with structural change in ocular and brain structure. We investigated whether regaining visual function after ocular reconstruction was associated with functional and structural changes in the brain. METHODS: We did a prospective controlled clinical trial including 21 consecutive typical ageing patients (42 eyes; mean age 63·14 years, SD 7·82) with decreased visual function and diagnosis of bilateral age-related cataracts requiring phacoemulsification surgery and multifocal or monofocal intraocular lens implantation...
October 2016: Lancet
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