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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719789/waist-to-height-ratio-in-indian-women-comparison-with-traditional-indices-of-obesity-association-with-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-lipid-profile
#1
Sharvari Dilip Malshe, Shobha Anand Udipi
We compared waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with traditional anthropometric indices in healthy women aged 21 to 45 years from urban slums of Mumbai city, India. Lipid profile and inflammatory markers were measured in a subsample of 200 women, and their relationship with WHtR was examined. Mean WHtR was 0.50 ± 0.1, but a little more than half (51.9%) of the women had WHtR ≥0.50. WHtR could correctly identify centrally obese adult women, even when they were categorized as healthy or normal according to body mass index, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, and percentage body fat...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716040/the-communication-between-patient-relatives-and-physicians-in-intensive-care-units
#2
Faruk Cicekci, Numan Duran, Bunyamin Ayhan, Sule Arican, Omur Ilban, Iskender Kara, Melda Turkoglu, Fatma Yildirim, Ismail Hasirci, Adnan Karaibrahimoglu, Inci Kara
BACKGROUND: Patients in intensive care units (ICUs) are often physically unable to communicate with their physicians. Thus, the sharing of information about the on-going treatment of the patients in ICUs is directly related to the communication attitudes governing a patient's relatives and the physician. This study aims to analyze the attitudes displayed by the relatives of patients and the physician with the purpose of determining the communication between the two parties. METHODS: For data collection, two similar survey forms were created in context of the study; one for the relatives of the patients and one for the ICU physicians...
July 17, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715576/association-of-ozone-exposure-with-cardiorespiratory-pathophysiologic-mechanisms-in-healthy-adults
#3
Drew B Day, Jianbang Xiang, Jinhan Mo, Feng Li, Mingkei Chung, Jicheng Gong, Charles J Weschler, Pamela A Ohman-Strickland, Jan Sundell, Wenguo Weng, Yinping Zhang, Junfeng Jim Zhang
Importance: Exposure to ozone has been associated with cardiovascular mortality, but the underlying biological mechanisms are not yet understood. Objective: To examine the association between ozone exposure and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic mechanisms. Design, Setting, and Participants: A longitudinal study involving 89 healthy adult participants living on a work campus in Changsha City, China, was conducted from December 1, 2014, to January 31, 2015...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712204/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-corona-virus-alert-verification-in-mirpur-azad-kashmir
#4
Mumtaz Ali Khan, Muhammad Ishaq, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Asim Altaf, Mirza Aamir Baig, Safdar Rana, Jaleel Kamran, Muazam Abbas Ranjha, Jawad Asgher Rana
BACKGROUND: Middle East Respiratory-Corona virus (MERS-CoV), SARS like virus, identified in September 2012 in Middle-East. February 2013, an elderly man, who visited Pakistan and KSA, was confirmed as MRS-CoV in UK. A team visited Mirpur to assess current and past SARI trends in major indoor facilities, to explore possible contact of the patient with known or suspected SARI case during his stay in Pakistan and enlist close contacts. METHODS: Review of indoor records in hospitals, interviews with relatives & physicians and active contact tracing using operational case definition...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711456/a-cross-sectional-study-assessing-the-pharyngeal-carriage-of-neisseria-meningitidis-in-subjects-aged-1-24-years-in-the-city-of-embu-das-artes-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#5
Lily Yin Weckx, Rosana Fiorini Puccini, Antónia Machado, Maria Gisele Gonçalves, Suely Tuboi, Eliana de Barros, Raghavendra Devadiga, Eduardo Ortega-Barria, Romulo Colindres
Meningococcal carriage is a prerequisite for invasive infection. This cross-sectional study assessed the pharyngeal carriage prevalence in healthy subjects aged 1-24 years in Embu das Artes city, São Paulo, Brazil. Pharyngeal swabs were examined for the presence of Neisseria meningitidis. The isolates were tested for different serogroups using agglutination and polymerase chain reaction. A logistic regression model assessed any independent association between Neisseria meningitidis carriage and various risk factors...
July 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708286/baseline-diameters-of-inferior-vena-cava-and-abdominal-aorta-measured-by-ultrasonography-in-healthy-term-neonates-during-early-neonatal-adaptation-period
#6
Anna Jarosz-Lesz, Katarzyna Michalik, Iwona Maruniak-Chudek
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate normative sonographic measurements of the inferior vena cava (IVC), aorta (Ao), and IVC/Ao ratio in the first 2 days of life in term neonates. METHODS: We prospectively observed 200 term (more than 36 and 6/7 weeks of gestation), single, healthy neonates born in a city hospital. The exclusion criteria were congenital abnormalities, an Apgar score of less than 8, and hyperbilirubinemia requiring phototherapy. Maximum IVC (distal to the hepatic-IVC junction) and Ao (above the superior mesenteric artery) diameters were measured in the first 2 days of life in the longitudinal plane...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705179/improving-health-literacy-through-group-antenatal-care-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Jody R Lori, Henrietta Ofosu-Darkwah, Carol J Boyd, Tanima Banerjee, Richard M K Adanu
BACKGROUND: To examine whether exposure to group antenatal care increased women's health literacy by improving their ability to interpret and utilize health messages compared to women who received standard, individual antenatal care in Ghana. METHODS: We used a prospective cohort design. The setting was a busy urban district hospital in Kumasi, the second most populous city in Ghana. Pregnant women (N = 240) presenting for their first antenatal visit between 11 and 14 weeks gestation were offered participation in the study...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704858/comparison-of-hba1c-measurements-using-3-methods-in-75-patients-referred-to-one-outpatient-department
#8
Johannes Roth, Nicolle Müller, Thomas Lehmann, Klas Böer, Sven Löbel, Joachim Pum, Ulrich Alfons Müller
Objective HbA1c is the most important surrogate parameter to assess the quality of diabetes care and is also used for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) since 2010. We investigated the comparability of 3 HbA1c methods in the city of Jena (Germany). Methods The HbA1c determination was carried out in 50 healthy subjects and 24 people with DM (age 51.2±16.3 years, HbA1c 6.8±2.2%) with 3 different hemoglobin A1c testing methods at 4 locations in one city. Our laboratory (HPLC method) served as a reference for comparing the results...
July 13, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698346/acute-mountain-sickness-arterial-oxygen-saturation-and-heart-rate-among-tibetan-students-who-reascend-to-lhasa-after-7-years-at-low-altitude-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Gonggalanzi, Labasangzhu, Espen Bjertness, Tianyi Wu, Hein Stigum, Per Nafstad
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to estimate the incidence of acute mountain sickness (AMS) and address the changes in arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and heart rate (HR) in native Tibetans who reascend to the high-altitude city of Lhasa (3658 m) after a 7-year stay at low altitude. METHODS: We followed two cohorts of students aged 17-21 years (859 Native Tibetan and 801 Han Chinese), travelling from lowland China until 3 days after their arrival in highland city of Lhasa...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695486/policies-to-promote-active-travel-evidence-from-reviews-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Meghan Winters, Ralph Buehler, Thomas Götschi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While many levels of government recognize that walking and cycling (active travel) are critical to healthy cities, a continued challenge is to identify and prioritize strategies that will increase walking and cycling for transportation. We review evidence on policies that can increase active travel. RECENT FINDINGS: The reviews included here conclude that policies related to active travel may operate at various levels of the socio-ecological framework, including society, cities, routes or individuals...
July 10, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693082/-study-of-mumps-immunity-after-administrating-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccine-among-children-aged-2-7-years-old-in-jiangsu-province-in-2015
#11
Y B Liu, Y Hu, X Y Deng, Z G Wang, X Sun, P S Lu, H X Guo, F Y Tang, M H Zhou
Objective: To investigate the immunity to mumps after administrating measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) among children aged 2-7 years old in Jiangsu province in 2015. Methods: A total of 4 190 healthy children aged 2-7 years old, living in local places for at least 3 months, and having been vaccinated at least 1 dose MMR were recruited to the study from Wujin district of Changzhou city, Gaogang district of Taizhou city and Ganyu district of Lianyungang city by using stratified cluster random sampling method between September and November, 2015...
July 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688369/evaluation-of-diet-quality-of-the-elderly-and-associated-factors
#12
Dalila Pinto de Souza Fernandes, Maria Sônia Lopes Duarte, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest healthy dietary patterns are associated with risk reduction and better control of various chronic diseases. However, few Brazilian studies have focused on evaluating the quality of the elderly diet and its relationship with diseases. This study aimed to estimate the association between diet quality and socioeconomic factors, health and nutrition of the elderly. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study whose target population were non-institutionalized elderly residents in the city of Viçosa, Brazil...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686952/urban-natural-environments-as-nature-based-solutions-for-improved-public-health-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#13
M van den Bosch, Å Ode Sang
Increasing urbanisation, changing disease scenarios, and current predictions of climate change impacts require innovative strategies for providing healthy and sustainable cities, now and in the future. The recently coined concept, Nature-based solutions (NBS), is one such strategy referring to actions that are inspired by, supported by, or copied from nature, designed to address a range of environmental challenges. The objective with this article is to evaluate the evidence on public health benefits of exposure to natural environments and explore how this knowledge could be framed within the NBS concept...
July 4, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683843/canadian-normative-data-for-minimal-assessment-of-cognitive-function-in-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Lisa A S Walker, David Marino, Jason A Berard, Anthony Feinstein, Sarah A Morrow, Denis Cousineau
OBJECTIVE: The Minimal Assessment of Cognitive Function in Multiple Sclerosis (MACFIMS) is a consensus-based collection of neuropsychological tests that evaluate cognitive functioning in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). The tests are typically scored using each respective published test manual, leaving the examiner to make interpretations from norms derived from different American populations. Given demographic differences, this may lead to misinterpretation of findings in Canadians...
July 7, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682769/epidemiology-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-native-tibetans-in-tibet-china
#15
Kun Li, Meng Wang, Hui Zhang, Zhixin Lei, Lihong Zhang, Houqiang Luo, Gang Qiu, Khalid Mehmood, Muhammad Shahzad, Jiakui Li
Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is one of the most common and widespread protozoan parasite which caused toxoplasma infection in animals and humans. Toxoplasma infection in healthy people is usually asymptomatic and it can lead to serious pathological effects in congenital cases and immunodeficient patients. The aim of the study is to investigate the prevalence of T. gondii infection in native Tibetans in Tibet as scarce information is available on such a high plateau. A total of 600 blood samples were collected from Tibetans people who visited the hospital in Nyingchi city with the history of flu, swollen lymph glands, muscle pain, and neurological or eyes complications (showing single or more signs)...
September 26, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677516/seroepidemiology-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-patients-with-liver-disease-in-eastern-china
#16
A L Tian, G X Li, H M Elsheikha, D S Gardner, X Y Zhang, W Dong, X P Yang, Y Y Luo, H L Li, W Cong, X Q Zhu
The role of the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii in the pathogenesis of liver disease has recently gained much interest. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with T. gondii infection in patients with liver disease from three cities in Shandong and Henan provinces, China. A case-control study was conducted from December 2014 to November 2015 and included 1142 patients with liver disease and 1142 healthy controls. Serum samples were collected from all individuals and were examined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the presence of anti-T...
July 5, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676037/challenges-and-outcomes-of-haemodialysis-among-patients-presenting-with-kidney-diseases-in-dodoma-tanzania
#17
Alfred J Meremo, David P Ngilangwa, Masumbuko Y Mwashambwa, Matobogolo B Masalu, Janet Kapinga, Rehema Tagalile, Issa Sabi
BACKGROUND: Kidney Diseases contribute a significant proportion to the global burden of non-communicable diseases. Haemodialysis services as the main modality of renal replacement therapy in most resource limited countries is only available in few cities and at higher costs. The aim of this study was to determine the challenges and outcomes of patients who were on haemodialysis at the University of Dodoma (UDOM) haemodialysis unit in Tanzania. METHODS: In this retrospective study; we reviewed haemodialysis registers and charts of 116 patients dialyzed from January 2013 to June 2015 at The UDOM haemodialysis unit...
July 4, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675613/activity-behavior-nutritional-status-and-perceived-health-in-older-brazilian-adults-does-the-number-of-chronic-diseases-matter
#18
Emerson Sebastião, Patricia Andrea Espinoza Galvez, Priscila Missaki Nakamura, Camila Bosquiero Papini, Eduardo Kokubun, Sebastião Gobbi
AIM: The present study examined activity behavior, nutritional status and perceived health in relation to the number of chronic diseases (ChrD) in a representative sample of Brazilians aged ≥60 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study was carried out in a midsize Brazilian city to evaluate different health risk factors. Using a stratified random sampling procedure to select a representative sample of adults, this study interviewed 1572 individuals face-to-face...
July 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672130/exposures-to-fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-and-ozone-above-usa-standards-are-associated-with-auditory-brainstem-dysmorphology-and-abnormal-auditory-brainstem-evoked-potentials-in-healthy-young-dogs
#19
Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Luis O González-González, Randy J Kulesza, Tatiana M Fech, Gabriela Pérez-Guillé, Miguel Angel Jiménez-Bravo Luna, Rosa Eugenia Soriano-Rosales, Edelmira Solorio, José de Jesús Miramontes-Higuera, Aline Gómez-Maqueo Chew, Alexia F Bernal-Morúa, Partha S Mukherjee, Ricardo Torres-Jardón, Paul C Mills, Wayne J Wilson, Beatriz Pérez-Guillé, Amedeo D'Angiulli
BACKGROUND: Delayed central conduction times in the auditory brainstem have been observed in Mexico City (MC) healthy children exposed to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) above the current United States Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA) standards. MC children have α synuclein brainstem accumulation and medial superior olivary complex (MSO) dysmorphology. The present study used a dog model to investigate the potential effects of air pollution on the function and morphology of the auditory brainstem...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669628/role-of-oxidative-stress-in-cardiovascular-disease-outcomes-following-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution
#20
REVIEW
Frank J Kelly, Julia C Fussell
Exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. These are manifested through several, likely overlapping, pathways including at the functional level, endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis, pro-coagulation and alterations in autonomic nervous system balance and blood pressure. At numerous points within each of these pathways, there is potential for cellular oxidative imbalances to occur. The current review examines epidemiological, occupational and controlled exposure studies and research employing healthy and diseased animal models, isolated organs and cell cultures in assessing the importance of the pro-oxidant potential of air pollution in the development of cardiovascular disease outcomes...
June 29, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
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