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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#1
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325309/-association-of-crohn-s-disease-with-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-haplotypes
#2
C Q Wu, S G Cao, X P Xia, C L Xu, S L Xia, X Q Lin, J Jin, R Ding, Y Jiang
Objective: To explore the relationship of Crohn's disease (CD) susceptibility to aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) polymorphisms and haplotypes in Han population in Wenzhou city, China. Methods: A total of 310 CD patients and 573 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled in our study. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of AhR(rs10249788,rs2158041,rs2066853) were determined by the improved multiple ligase detection reaction technique. Unconditional logistic regression analyses was applied to analyze the allelic and genotypic differences of each SNP between CD patients and controls, as well as their influence on the clinicopathologic characteristics in CD patients...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323864/status-report-foodreach-toronto-lowering-food-costs-for-social-agencies-and-community-groups
#3
Paul Coleman, John Gultig, Barbara Emanuel, Marianne Gee, Heather Orpana
Toronto has the largest absolute number of food insecure households for any metropolitan census area in Canada: of its 2.1 million households, roughly 252 000 households (or 12%) experience some level of food insecurity. Community organizations (including social agencies, school programs, and child care centres) serve millions of meals per year to the city's most vulnerable citizens, but often face challenges accessing fresh produce at affordable prices. Therefore in 2015, Toronto Public Health, in collaboration with public- and private-sector partners, launched the FoodReach program to improve the efficiency of food procurement among community organizations by consolidating their purchasing power...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323107/serological-survey-of-neutralizing-antibodies-to-eight-major-enteroviruses-among-healthy-population
#4
Rui Zhu, Tong Cheng, Zhichao Yin, Dongxiao Liu, Longfa Xu, Yongchao Li, Wei Wang, Jian Liu, Yuqiong Que, Xiangzhong Ye, Qiyi Tang, Qinjian Zhao, Shengxiang Ge, Shuizhen He, Ningshao Xia
Human enteroviruses (EVs) are the most common causative agents infecting human, causing many harmful diseases, such as hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), herpangina (HA), myocarditis, encephalitis, and aseptic meningitis. EV-related diseases pose a serious worldwide threat to public health. To gain comprehensive insight into the seroepidemiology of major prevalent EVs in humans, we firstly performed a serological survey for neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) against Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71), Coxsackie virus A16 (CV-A16), Coxsackie virus A6 (CV-A6), Coxsackie virus A10 (CV-A10), Coxsackie virus B3 (CV-B3), Coxsackie virus B5 (CV-B5), Echovirus 25 (ECHO25), and Echovirus 30 (ECHO30) among the healthy population in Xiamen City in 2016, using micro-neutralization assay...
January 10, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320338/healthy-behaviors-and-incidence-of-disability-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#5
Ryo Hotta, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: In this paper and prospective study, we examine the number of healthy behaviors and the incidence of disability in community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older. METHODS: Participants (N = 4483) were residents of Obu, Japan who were asked about regular exercise, smoking status, and sleep duration. Demographic variables, history of disease, physi- cal function, and cognitive function were measured as confounders. Information about disabil- ity was obtained from the Obu City Office...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311038/changes-in-energy-intake-and-diet-quality-during-an-18-month-weight-management-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#6
Lauren T Ptomey, Felicia L Steger, Jaehoon Lee, Debra K Sullivan, Jeannine R Goetz, Jeffery J Honas, Richard A Washburn, Cheryl A Gibson, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are at risk for poor diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine whether two different weight-loss diets affect energy intake, macronutrient intake, and diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) during a 6-month weight-loss period and 12-month weight-management period, and to examine differences in energy intake, macronutrient intake, and HEI-2010 between groups...
January 6, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310979/malassezia-species-in-students-from-universities-of-sabzevar-northeastern-iran
#7
H Moallaei, M J Namazi, J P Bouchara, S Pourhammed
BACKGROUND: Malassezia species, usually part of normal human skin microbiota, may also cause cutaneous infections, mainly pityriasis versicolor (PV) which may rapidly spread in crowded communities, particularly in students' dormitories and sport leisure centers. OBJECTIVE: Few studies have been conducted on PV in students in the Middle East. The present study was designed to determine prevalence of Malassezia species and related diseases in students from city of Sabzevar, Northeast Iran...
January 5, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310629/the-canadian-urban-environmental-health-research-consortium-a-protocol-for-building-a-national-environmental-exposure-data-platform-for-integrated-analyses-of-urban-form-and-health
#8
Jeffrey R Brook, Eleanor M Setton, Evan Seed, Mahdi Shooshtari, Dany Doiron
BACKGROUND: Multiple external environmental exposures related to residential location and urban form including, air pollutants, noise, greenness, and walkability have been linked to health impacts or benefits. The Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium (CANUE) was established to facilitate the linkage of extensive geospatial exposure data to existing Canadian cohorts and administrative health data holdings. We hypothesize that this linkage will enable investigators to test a variety of their own hypotheses related to the interdependent associations of built environment features with diverse health outcomes encompassed by the cohorts and administrative data...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306926/reference-centile-curves-for-wrist-circumference-for-indian-children-aged-3-18-years
#9
Vaman Khadilkar, Shashi Chiplonkar, Veena Ekbote, Neha Kajale, Rubina Mandlik, Anuradha Khadilkar
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity and its consequences have reached alarming proportions worldwide and in India. Wrist circumference is emerging as an easily measurable reproducible parameter for screening children at risk of obesity-related morbidities such as hypertension and insulin resistance. The objectives of this study were: (1) to compute age and gender-specific wrist circumference percentiles for 3-18-year-old apparently healthy Indian children and adolescents; (2) to assess the relationship of wrist circumference with measures of obesity and adiposity such as body mass index (BMI), fat percentage and blood pressure (BP) and (3) to suggest age and gender-specific cut-offs for wrist circumference percentile for the risk of hypertension in Indian children and adolescents...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302162/securing-a-right-to-health-integration-villages-and-medical-citizenship-of-roma-people-in-france
#10
Daniel Manson
A national deportation campaign targeting Romanian Roma in France has recently drawn international criticism from human rights organizations and the European Union. In this context, some French municipalities have created villages d'insertion-integration villages-for some of their Roma residents. Proponents of these spaces have declared that they are humanitarian solutions to the existence of Roma slums in the urban peripheries of many French cities. Yet the creation of a "healthy space" for Roma migrants in the city has also legitimated the further eviction and exclusion of people from "unhealthy slums...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300720/prevalence-and-trends-in-prepregnancy-normal-weight-48-states-new-york-city-and-district-of-columbia-2011-2015
#11
Nicholas P Deputy, Bhanuja Dub, Andrea J Sharma
Women who enter pregnancy at a weight above or below normal weight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5-24.9 (calculated as weight in kg/height in m2), are more likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcomes and to have infants who experience adverse health outcomes. For example, prepregnancy underweight (BMI <18.5) increases the risk for small-for-gestational-age births, whereas prepregnancy overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9) and obesity (BMI ≥30.0) increase risks for cesarean delivery, large-for-gestational-age births, and childhood obesity (1)...
January 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297052/association-of-long-term-exposure-to-airborne-particulate-matter-of-1-%C3%AE-m-or-less-with-preterm-birth-in-china
#12
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Qin Li, Yuming Guo, Hong Zhou, Xiaobin Wang, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Ya Zhang, Hongguang Zhang, Shanshan Li, Gongbo Chen, Jun Zhao, Yuan He, Ying Yang, Jihong Xu, Yan Wang, Zuoqi Peng, Hai-Jun Wang, Xu Ma
Importance: Airborne particulate matter pollution has been associated with preterm birth (PTB) in some studies. However, most of these studies assessed only populations living near monitoring stations, and the association of airborne particulate matter having a median diameter of 1 μm or less (PM1) with PTB has not been studied. Objective: To evaluate whether PM1 concentrations are associated with the risk of PTB. Design, Setting, and Participants: This national cohort study used National Free Preconception Health Examination Project data collected in 324 of 344 prefecture-level cities from 30 provinces of mainland China...
January 2, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294548/-investigation-on-the-normal-value-of-urinary-arsenic-in-healthy-people-in-different-areas-of-guangxi-china
#13
R J Li, L M Qin, P L Ning, D J Zhu, X P Li
Objective: To investigate the upper limit of the normal value of arsenic in healthy adult population in different areas of Guangxi. Methods: From 2015 to 2016, 1533 subjects from 14 counties and cities in Guangxi were collected by age, gender, stratified random sampling and questionnaire survey. 1417 urine samples with satisfactory urine quality and complete information were collected.The content of arsenic in urine was determined by atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Results: The upper limit of normal arsenic in healthy adults in guangxi was 0...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284230/new-directions-in-cervical-cancer-prophylaxis-worldwide-and-in-poland-case-study-of-the-polish-rural-female-population
#14
Agnieszka Maździarz, Jerzy Wyględowski, Beata Osuch, Beata Jagielska, Beata Śpiewankiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer is one of the most frequent malignant neoplasms in females. Such neoplasms can be almost completely eliminated by means of adequate primary and secondary prophylaxis. The most developed countries focus their attention on the improvement of prophylaxis systems, test quality, and efficacy improvement, as well as on the expansion of the primary prophylaxis. In Poland, the discussions focus on the improvement of the malfunctioning population programme. OBJECTIVE: Drawing on recent research findings, the article presents current Polish and global recommendations with regard to screening tests for cervical cancer...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280294/urban-rural-disparity-in-female-breast-cancer-incidence-rate-in-china-and-the-increasing-trend-in-parallel-with-socioeconomic-development-and-urbanization-in-a-rural-setting
#15
Denggui Wen, Xiaoduo Wen, Yi Yang, Yuetong Chen, Lizhen Wei, Yutong He, Baoen Shan
BACKGROUND: Worldwide breast cancer incidence correlates with socioeconomic status and increases in parallel with westernization, however urban-rural disparity and trends have not been adequately investigated in China. METHODS: The age standardized rate (ASR) of female breast cancer by population-based cancer registration was compared between urban Shijiazhuang city and rural Shexian County in relation to socioeconomic status. The increasing trend of breast cancer in Shexian County from 2000-2015 was examined using Joinpoint analysis and the correlation with gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was analyzed...
December 27, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260058/a-case-of-non-arteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-after-completion-of-harvoni-therapy
#16
Niranjan Manoharan, Prem Sagar Subramanian
Purpose: To report the first reported case of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) associated with the use of Harvoni (Gilead Sciences, Foster City, CA, USA), a newly approved treatment for Hepatitis C. Observations: We report a case of NAION in a hepatitis C patient who completed Harvoni therapy just prior to presentation. Harvoni was suspected to be the causative agent given a lack of NAION risk factors in an otherwise healthy young patient...
June 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250963/high-prevalence-of-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-carriage-among-children-in-szolnok-hungary
#17
Krisztina Laub, Adrienn Tóthpál, Eszter Kovács, Judit Sahin-Tóth, Andrea Horváth, Szilvia Kardos, Orsolya Dobay
We collected nasal samples from 1,390 healthy 3-7 years old children in Szolnok city, Hungary, in 2012. We detected 476 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 474 children. In two occasions, two different S. aureus were isolated, based on hemolysis type and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern. S. aureus carriage rate was calculated to be 34.1% similar to others studies. Male gender was found to be a risk factor for carriage by statistical analysis. Altogether, four methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains were detected by mecA polymerase chain reaction, which means 0...
December 18, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246120/depressive-symptoms-and-negative-life-events-what-psycho-social-factors-protect-or-harm-left-behind-children-in-china
#18
Yu Guang, Zhengzhi Feng, Guoyu Yang, Yaling Yang, Lifei Wang, Qin Dai, Chaobing Hu, Keyu Liu, Rui Zhang, Fan Xia, Mengxue Zhao
BACKGROUND: In China, children under 18 years old who are left at rural residences for at least 6 months by either one or both of their parents migrating to work in cities are called "left-behind children (LBC)". Due to restricted family support, they are at a greater risk of developing depressive symptoms than non-left-behind children (NLBC). The objective of this study is to explore how depressive symptoms and stress induced by negative life events such as interpersonal conflicts, punishment and loss, as well as their relationships vary for LBC with different left-behind-related characteristics...
December 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239567/regional-variation-of-alanine-aminotransferase-serum-levels-in-the-people-s-republic-of-china
#19
Peng Li, Miao Ge, Jing Jing, Dezhi Wei
The regional variation of the blood concentration of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), a sensitive predictor of liver damage, was studied in the People's Republic of China with reference to its potential association with environmental variables and geographic location. The research results presented are based on 121,977 blood samples from healthy adults in 93 cities in the country using correlation analysis, ridge regression estimation and trend surface analysis that were applied to explore if there was any tendency of spatial variation...
November 28, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237429/using-theory-based-messages-to-motivate-u-s-pregnant-women-to-prevent-cytomegalovirus-infection-results-from-formative-research
#20
Denise M Levis, Christina L Hillard, Simani M Price, Erika Reed-Gross, Erika Bonilla, Minal Amin, Jennifer D Stowell, Rebekah Clark, Delaney Johnson, Karen Mask, Cynthia Carpentieri, Michael J Cannon
BACKGROUND: An estimated 1 in 150 infants is born each year with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV); nearly 1 in 750 suffers permanent disabilities. Congenital CMV is the result of a pregnant woman becoming infected with CMV. Educating pregnant women about CMV is currently the best approach to prevention. Limited research is available on how to effectively communicate with women about CMV. We conducted formative research on fear appeals theory-based messages about CMV and prevention with U...
December 14, 2017: BMC Women's Health
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