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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924963/evaluation-of-smoking-cessation-practice-by-physicians-for-hospitalized-patients-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#1
Davut Baltaci, Leyla Yilmaz Aydin, Fatih Alasan, Mehmet Harun Deler, Mehmet Serkan Karacam, Yasemin Turker, Mucahit Gur, Feyza Sariguzel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate physicians' smoking cessation practice, consultation for smoking intervention for hospitalised patients and its determinants. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Duzce University Hospital, Duzce, Turkey, from January to April 2013, and comprised hospitalised patients. The survey, including smoking habits and 5As (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist and Arrange) steps of smoking intervention practiced by physicians was applied to those patients discharged from the hospital...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924231/a-tobacco-cessation-intervention-with-rural-medically-underserved-blue-collar-employees-a-quasiexperimental-study
#2
Telisa Stewart, Margaret K Formica, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Dongliang Wang, Meg Gerrard
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase knowledge regarding the dangers associated with tobacco use, and decrease secondhand smoke exposure and tobacco use behaviors with an antitobacco messaging campaign among rural, medically underserved, blue-collar workers. METHODS: A quasiexperimental study was conducted with employees at two worksites. One worksite received the intervention, which consisted of nine different antitobacco messages. Baseline and follow-up surveys were conducted at each worksite to assess change in knowledge and behavior; the data were compared across the two worksites...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924008/misperceptions-of-harm-among-natural-american-spirit-smokers-results-from-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-2014
#3
Jennifer L Pearson, Amanda Johnson, Andrea Villanti, Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Amy Cohn, Shyanika W Rose, Raymond Niaura, Cassandra A Stanton
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated differences in cigarette harm perceptions among smokers of the Natural American Spirit (NAS) brand-marketed as 'natural', 'organic' and 'additive-free'-compared to other smokers, and examined correlates of NAS use. METHODS: Data were drawn from wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study, a nationally representative study of US adults (2013-2014). Weighted analyses using a subset of current adult smokers (n=10 565) estimated the prevalence of NAS use (vs all other brands) and examined associations between NAS use and sociodemographics, tobacco/substance use, tobacco harm perceptions, quit intentions, quit attempts and mental/behavioural health...
December 6, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921634/smoking-cessation-in-smoke-free-prisons-a-grounded-theory-study
#4
Ashleigh Djachenko, Winsome St John, Creina Mitchell
Purpose Prisoners are vulnerable to tobacco addiction and have a smoking prevalence significantly higher than that of the general community. The context of this study was the implementation of a "smoke-free prisons" policy, which imposed forced smoking cessation onto the Queensland, Australian prison population. The study asked the question: "What are the psychosocial processes in which male prisoners engage during smoking cessation in a smoke-free environment?" Design/methodology/approach Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 prisoners in South-east Queensland smoke-free correctional centres...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918881/a-preliminary-investigation-of-a-relapse-prevention-mobile-application-to-maintain-smoking-abstinence-among-individuals-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Terrell A Hicks, Shaun P Thomas, Sarah M Wilson, Patrick S Calhoun, Eric R Kuhn, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVES: Smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have increased difficulty achieving and maintaining abstinence. Contingency management approaches to smoking cessation interventions have demonstrated short-term efficacy, but are limited by high rates of relapse. The goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the usability and feasibility of a smartphone-based smoking cessation application (Stay Quit Coach) designed to prevent relapse among individuals with PTSD. METHODS: Smokers (N = 11) were randomized to 1) QUIT4EVER, an intervention combining mobile contingency management smoking cessation counseling and medications, and Stay Quit Coach or 2) a contact control condition that was identical to QUIT4EVER except Stay Quit Coach was not included...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918872/exploring-the-potential-for-family-carers-to-support-people-with-mental-illness-to-stop-smoking
#6
Sharon Lawn, Jenny Bowman, Paula Wye, John Wiggers
Cigarette smoking poses significant health burdens for people with mental illness. They die sooner than they should, and smoking is a major contributor to their high rates of morbid chronic physical health conditions and early mortality, compared to the general population. Family carers provide important support to people with mental illness. However, family carers' perspectives of smoking by their family members with mental illness are largely absent from the research literature and from practice, despite smoking rates remaining high and quit rates remaining low for this population...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918784/association-of-long-term-low-intensity-smoking-with-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-national-institutes-of-health-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#7
Maki Inoue-Choi, Linda M Liao, Carolyn Reyes-Guzman, Patricia Hartge, Neil Caporaso, Neal D Freedman
Importance: A growing proportion of US smokers now smoke fewer than 10 cigarettes per day (CPD), and that proportion will likely rise in the future. The health effects of smoking only a few CPD over one's lifetime are less understood than are the effects of heavier smoking, although many smokers believe that their level is modest. Objective: To evaluate the associations of long-term smoking of fewer than 1 or 1 to 10 CPD (low intensity) with all-cause and cause-specific mortality compared with never smoking cigarettes...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917033/ethnic-and-gender-differences-in-strategies-used-by-adolescents-when-attempting-to-quit-or-reduce-smoking
#8
Ali M Yurasek, Leslie A Robinson, Gilbert Parra
Few adolescent smoking cessation programs have been able to match the success rate found in adult programs. The current study identified smoking cessation strategies used by adolescents and whether strategies differed as a function of ethnic, gender, or individual smoking-level. Participants were 136 high school students who made an attempt to quit or reduce their smoking. Logistic regressions revealed that individuals making an actual quit attempt and African American adolescents used cessation strategies presumed to be more effective...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915234/the-association-between-health-changes-and-cessation-of-alcohol-consumption
#9
Ji-Eun Park, Yeonhee Ryu, Sung-Il Cho
AIMS: To assess whether health changes affect cessation of alcohol consumption and to compare the health status of former drinkers and abstainers. METHODS: Cohort data from 9001 Korean participants aged 40-69 years old were analyzed. Alcohol consumption was assessed every 2 years for 10 years. Participant age, sex, marital status, education level, employment status, smoking, chronic disease, perceived health and changes in these variables were analyzed to identify factors associated with quitting alcohol drinking...
December 3, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914771/overview-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Jennifer L Pearson, Haneen Abudayyeh, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Andrea C Villanti
CONTEXT: Rapid developments in e-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and the evolution of the overall tobacco product marketplace warrant frequent evaluation of the published literature. The purpose of this article is to report updated findings from a comprehensive review of the published scientific literature on ENDS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The authors conducted a systematic review of published empirical research literature on ENDS through May 31, 2016, using a detailed search strategy in the PubMed electronic database, expert review, and additional targeted searches...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914770/cigarette-smoking-and-mortality-in-adults-aged-70-years-and-older-results-from-the-nih-aarp-cohort
#11
Sarah H Nash, Linda M Liao, Tamara B Harris, Neal D Freedman
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use remains a leading modifiable cause of cancer incidence and premature mortality in the U.S. and globally. Despite increasing life expectancy worldwide, less is known about the effects of cigarette smoking on older populations. This study sought to determine the effects of smoking on mortality in older age. METHODS: Associations of mortality with self-reported age at smoking cessation, age at smoking initiation, and amount smoked after age 70 years were examined in 160,113 participants of the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study aged >70 years...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913381/quitting-smoking-reduces-mortality-at-any-age-study-of-over-70s-finds
#12
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#13
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906858/electronic-cigarettes-as-smoking-cessation-tool-are-we-there
#14
Sohini Ghosh, M Bradley Drummond
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is rapidly increasing, with many users reporting trying e-cigarettes as a method to quit combustible cigarettes. This review highlights recently published studies assessing the use of e-cigarettes as a tool for cessation of combustible cigarettes. RECENT FINDINGS: When evaluating data from four randomized controlled trials and multiple cohort studies, differential association between e-cigarette use and cessation rates was seen...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905640/-it-is-possible-to-quit-smoking-with-help
#15
Rodrigo Gil Dib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903957/medicalisation-smoking-and-e-cigarettes-evidence-and-implications
#16
Kylie Morphett, Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, Coral Gartner
There is debate in the tobacco control literature about the value of a medical model in reducing smoking-related harm. The variety of medical treatments for smoking cessation has increased, health professionals are encouraged to use them to assist smoking cessation and tobacco dependence is being described as a 'chronic disease'. Some critics suggest that the medicalisation of smoking undermines the tobacco industry's responsibility for the harms of smoking. Others worry that it will lead smokers to deny personal responsibility for cessation, create beliefs in 'magic bullets' for smoking cessation, or erode smokers' confidence in their ability to quit...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901521/electronic-cigarette-use-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-attitudes
#17
Brian J Miller, Alexandre Wang, Joyce Wong, Nina Paletta, Peter F Buckley
BACKGROUND: Smoking is highly prevalent in patients with schizophrenia. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are becoming increasingly popular among smokers. Surveys indicate overall favorable attitudes toward the use of e-cigarettes to reduce or quit smoking, relieve withdrawal symptoms, and with respect to perceived health risks; however, less is known about their use in patients with schizophrenia. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of and attitudes toward e-cigarettes in patients with schizophrenia...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900650/smoking-cessation-and-electronic-cigarettes-in-community-mental-health-centers-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#18
Li-Shiun Chen, Timothy Baker, Ross C Brownson, Robert M Carney, Douglas Jorenby, Sarah Hartz, Nina Smock, Mark Johnson, Douglas Ziedonis, Laura J Bierut
Little is known about patients' electronic cigarette use, interest in and use of smoking cessation treatments, and providers' attitude towards such treatment. We assessed patients (N = 231) and providers (45 psychiatrists, 97 case workers) in four Community Mental Health Centers. Interestingly, 50% of smokers reported interest in using electronic cigarettes to quit smoking, and 22% reported current use. While 82% of smokers reported wanting to quit or reduce smoking, 91% of psychiatrists and 84% of case workers reported that patients were not interested in quitting as the lead barrier, limiting the provision of cessation interventions...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899475/predictors-of-prenatal-smoking-and-attempted-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-community-based-study-of-romani-women-in-southeastern-europe
#19
Janko Jankovic, Zeljka Stamenkovic, Kristefer Stojanovski, Renee D Goodwin, Teresa Janevic
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine predictors of prenatal smoking, and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy among Romani women. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study (November 2012 to February 2013) of 410 Romani women in Roma settlements in Serbia and Macedonia was conducted. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of prenatal smoking and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy. RESULTS: Romani women older than 30 years and those who were living with a man were over twice as likely (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896797/a-telephone-based-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-during-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-proof-of-concept-study
#20
Uma S Nair, Freda Patterson, Daniel Rodriguez, Bradley N Collins
Smoking and physical inactivity contribute to disproportionate disease burden among underserved adults. Telephone-based interventions (quitlines) are becoming the standard care for addressing smoking. There is increasing interest to determine whether quitlines can be utilized to administer interventions for other unhealthy behaviors. This study aims to examine the proof-of-concept and potential efficacy of a telephone-based behavioral counseling intervention to boost daily low-to-moderate physical activity among low-income, physically inactive smokers...
November 28, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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