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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646249/public-acceptability-of-financial-incentives-to-reward-pregnant-smokers-who-quit-smoking-a-united-kingdom-france-comparison
#1
Noémi Berlin, Léontine Goldzahl, Linda Bauld, Pat Hoddinott, Ivan Berlin
A substantial amount of research has been conducted on financial incentives to increase abstinence from smoking among pregnant smokers. If demonstrated to be effective, financial incentives could be proposed as part of health care interventions to help pregnant smokers quit. Public acceptability is important; as such interventions could be publicly funded. Concerns remain about the acceptability of these interventions in the general population. We aimed to assess the acceptability of financial incentives to reward pregnant smokers who stop smoking using a survey conducted in the UK and then subsequently in France, two developed countries with different cultural and social backgrounds...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646217/why-do-physicians-lack-engagement-with-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-their-copd-patients-a-multinational-qualitative-study
#2
Eva Anne Marije van Eerd, Mette Bech Risør, Mark Spigt, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Elena Andreeva, Nick Francis, Anja Wollny, Hasse Melbye, Onno van Schayck, Daniel Kotz
Smoking cessation is the only effective intervention to slow down the accelerated decline in lung function in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Nevertheless, physicians often do not routinely provide evidence-based smoking cessation treatment to their patients. To understand underlying reasons, we explored how physicians engage in smoking cessation treatment in their chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. In total, 21 focus group discussions were held with general practitioners and pulmonologists in seven different countries in Europe and Asia...
June 23, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645889/a-review-of-the-theoretical-basis-effects-and-cost-effectiveness-of-online-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-the-netherlands-a-mixed-methods-approach
#3
REVIEW
Kei Long Cheung, Ben Wijnen, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a worldwide public health problem. In 2015, 26.3% of the Dutch population aged 18 years and older smoked, 74.4% of them daily. More and more people have access to the Internet worldwide; approximately 94% of the Dutch population have online access. Internet-based smoking cessation interventions (online cessation interventions) provide an opportunity to tackle the scourge of tobacco. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this paper was to provide an overview of online cessation interventions in the Netherlands, while exploring their effectivity, cost effectiveness, and theoretical basis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645694/-comparative-analysis-effectiveness-of-nicotine-addiction-treatment-in-people-with-psychiatric-comorbidity
#4
R Godoy, F J Callejas, J Cruz, A I Tornero, P J Tárraga, J A Rodríguez-Montes
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not nicotine addiction treatment was less effective in psychiatric than in the healthy population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive and comparative cohort study was conducted in Albacete University Hospital during years 2008-2012 on all patients that attended the Tobacco Cessation Unit. The statistical tests used were Chi-squared, likelihood ratio, and the Student t test. Statistical significance P≤.05. RESULTS: The study included a total of 1,484 patients, of which 48...
June 20, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645199/do-neurobiological-understandings-of-smoking-influence-quitting-self-efficacy-or-treatment-intentions
#5
Kylie Morphett, Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, Jayne Lucke, Brad Partridge, Coral Gartner
Introduction: Addiction is increasingly defined as a "brain disease" caused by changes to neurochemistry. While nicotine addiction has historically been excluded in the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA), it is beginning to be labelled a chronic brain disease. We investigated whether Australian smokers endorse brain-based explanations of smoking, and whether these beliefs are associated with quitting self-efficacy or treatment intentions. Method: Cross-sectional study of Australian smokers (N=1,538) who completed a survey measuring their agreement with statements on the brain's role in smoking...
June 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642795/why-do-the-youths-in-northeast-india-use-tobacco
#6
Laishram Ladusingh, Preeti Dhillon, Pralip Kumar Narzary
This study is an assessment of the influence of parent's tobacco use on prospective tobacco use trajectories among young offspring. The study is based on unit level data from District Level Household and Facility Survey-4 (2012-2013) comprising 27,706 youths in 15-24 years' age group from northeastern states of India and used multilevel regression to identify the potential risk factors of tobacco consumption. The likelihood of using tobacco was found to be 3.4 and 1.14 times more, respectively, for the youths coresiding with mothers who use tobacco and fathers who use tobacco, in comparison to youths staying with parents not taking tobacco...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642230/a-review-of-pulmonary-toxicity-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-the-context-of-smoking-a-focus-on-inflammation
#7
Peter G Shields, Micah Berman, Theodore M Brasky, Jo L Freudenheim, Ewy A Mathe, Joseph McElroy, Min-Ae Song, Mark D Wewers
The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) is increasing rapidly, but their effects on lung toxicity are largely unknown. Smoking is a well-established cause of lung cancer and respiratory disease, in part through inflammation. It is plausible that e-cig use might affect similar inflammatory pathways. E-cigs are used by some smokers as an aid for quitting or smoking reduction, and by never smokers (e.g., adolescents and young adults). The relative effects for impacting disease risk may differ for these groups...
June 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640563/-smoking-vaping-and-cardiovascular-risk-an-update
#8
Sofia Dalkou, Carole Clair
It is well known that tobacco smoking increases cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity, however, smoking cessation is often neglected compared to other CV risk factors. Behavioral counseling as well as smoking cessation treatments are efficient and do not increase the risk of CV events when used for a defined duration. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) contain potentially cardiotoxic substances but in lower concentrations than in cigarettes. The CV effect of ENDS is to date difficult to assess and depends on the type of device used and its mode of consumption...
June 7, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640141/smoking-status-and-gene-susceptibility-play-important-roles-in-the-development-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-lung-function-decline-a-population-based-prospective-study
#9
Junling Zhao, Miao Li, Jinkun Chen, Xiaomei Wu, Qin Ning, Jianping Zhao, Yongjian Xu, Jungang Xie, Jun Yu
BACKGROUND: We conducted this study to identify the influences and synergistic effects of smoking status and polymorphisms in hedgehog interacting protein (HHIP) on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung function decline. METHODS: A cohort containing 306 COPD patients and 743 healthy subjects was recruited from 25,000 subjects. All selected subjects had chronic cough for over 2 years or a smoking history above 20 pack-years. After 8 years, all subjects were divided into 2 cohorts according to whether they had quit smoking or not...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639106/time-to-selected-quit-date-and-subsequent-rates-of-sustained-smoking-abstinence
#10
George L Anesi, Scott D Halpern, Michael O Harhay, Kevin G Volpp, Kathryn Saulsgiver
In efforts to combat tobacco dependence, most smoking cessation programs offer individuals who smoke the choice of a target quit date. However, it is uncertain whether the time to the selected quit date is associated with participants' chances of achieving sustained abstinence. In a pre-specified secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial of four financial-incentive programs or usual care to encourage smoking cessation (Halpern et al. in N Engl J Med 372(22):2108-2117, doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1414293 , 2015), study participants were instructed to select a quit date between 0 and 90 days from enrollment...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638356/how-can-smoking-cessation-be-induced-before-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-behavior-change-techniques-and-other-intervention-characteristics
#11
REVIEW
Andrew Prestwich, Sally Moore, Alwyn Kotze, Luke Budworth, Rebecca Lawton, Ian Kellar
Background: Smokers who continue to smoke up to the point of surgery are at increased risk of a range of complications during and following surgery. Objective: To identify whether behavioral and/or pharmacological interventions increase the likelihood that smokers quit prior to elective surgery and which intervention components are associated with larger effects. Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis. Data sources: MEDLINE, Embase, and Embase Classic, CINAHL, CENTRAL. Study selection: Studies testing the effect of smoking reduction interventions delivered at least 24 h before elective surgery were included...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638314/in-person-retail-marketing-claims-in-tobacco-and-e-cigarette-shops-in-southern-california
#12
Joshua S Yang, Michele M Wood, Katelynn Peirce
BACKGROUND: E-cigarette use has been increasing in the United States, though knowledge of potential risks and harms associated with e-cigarette use is low. Marketing of e-cigarettes may serve as a source of information to shape beliefs and attitudes toward e-cigarettes. The purpose of this study was to identify the most common marketing claims made within "vape" and tobacco shops in sales interactions with customers in demographically diverse cities. METHODS: Vape and tobacco shops from three diverse cities in Southern California were selected for inclusion in the study...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637439/a-qualitative-analysis-of-smokers-perceptions-about-lung-cancer-screening
#13
Lindsay Gressard, Amy S DeGroff, Thomas B Richards, Stephanie Melillo, Julia Kish-Doto, Christina L Heminger, Elizabeth A Rohan, Kristine Gabuten Allen
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) began recommending lung cancer screening for high risk smokers aged 55-80 years using low-dose computed tomography (CT) scan. In light of these updated recommendations, there is a need to understand smokers' knowledge of and experiences with lung cancer screening in order to inform the design of patient education and tobacco cessation programs. The purpose of this study is to describe results of a qualitative study examining smokers' perceptions around lung cancer screening tests...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637262/qualitative-exploration-of-a-smoking-cessation-trial-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa
#14
Nandita Krishnan, Joel Gittelsohn, Alexandra Ross, Jessica Elf, Sandy Chon, Raymond Niaura, Neil Martinson, Jonathan E Golub
Introduction: In South Africa, people living with HIV (PLWH) have a high prevalence of smoking, which undermines the beneficial effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, little is known about barriers to smoking cessation and what interventions work for PLWH in this setting. Methods: A randomized trial comparing intensive anti-smoking counseling versus counseling and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) was recently concluded in Klerksdorp, South Africa. In a post-trial follow-up, 23 in-depth interviews with patients and one focus group discussion with counselors from the trial were conducted...
June 16, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637193/effect-of-intensive-personalized-5as-5rs-intervention-on-smoking-cessation-in-hospitalized-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-not-ready-to-quit-immediately-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Jing-Guang Luo, Ling Han, Li-Wei Chen, Yun Gao, Xiao-Jun Ding, Ying Li, Ye Ja, Ming Yang, Chang-Sheng Ma
Introduction: The acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients who are not ready to quit smoking immediately have an extremely low rate of cessation. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of intensive personalized '5As+5Rs'intervention (IPANR intervention) on smoking cessation in this population. Methods: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial was carried out, which compared IPANR intervention with routine 5Rs (control) at Fu Xing Hospital, Capital Medical University, Bei Jing, China...
June 20, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634642/determinants-of-change-in-polypharmacy-status-in-switzerland-the-population-based-colaus-study
#16
Nazanin Abolhassani, Julien Castioni, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the prevalence, the change, and the determinants of change in polypharmacy in a population-based sample. METHODS: Baseline (2003-2006) and follow-up (2009-2012) data are from 4679 participants aged between 35 and 75 years (53.5% women, mean age 52.6 ± 10.6 years) from the population of Lausanne, Switzerland. Polypharmacy was defined by the regular use of ≥5 drugs. Four categories of change were defined: never (no polypharmacy at baseline and follow-up), initiating (no polypharmacy at baseline but at follow-up), maintaining, or quitting...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632075/-is-marijuana-even-a-drug-a-qualitative-study-of-how-teens-view-marijuana-use-and-why-they-use-it
#17
Bettina Friese
This qualitative study examines how youth in the San Francisco Bay Area perceive marijuana and their motives for using or not using marijuana. Current regular users were more likely to perceive marijuana smoking as an enjoyable activity, comparable to a hobby or sport. Current occasional users commonly reported smoking marijuana when it was offered to them, on special occasions, and sometimes as a result of not wanting to be left out. Most former regular users reported quitting marijuana use due to getting into trouble, being ordered into drug treatment and/or being drug tested...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632006/psychosocial-obstacles-to-smoking-cessation-attempts-among-young-adult-sexual-minority-women-who-smoke
#18
José A Bauermeister, Emily J Youatt, Emily S Pingel, Jorge H Soler, Michelle M Johns
Sexual minority women (SMW; i.e., women who identify their sexuality as lesbian, bisexual, or something other than heterosexual) report greater smoking behaviors than their heterosexual counterparts across all ages. We conducted a multivariable regression to examine the correlates of prior smoking cessation attempts and smoking cessation intentions in a sample of young SMW who smoke (N = 338; aged 18-24 years). Covariates included sociodemographic characteristics (i.e., race/ethnicity, sexual identity, age, urbanity), general (i...
February 21, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630116/attitudes-toward-tobacco-21-among-us-youth
#19
Hongying Dai
BACKGROUND: An important movement in reducing youth smoking is to restrict the supply of cigarettes to youth by raising the minimum age of sales to 21, termed Tobacco 21. This study examined attitudes toward Tobacco 21 among youth and their correlations with tobacco use. METHODS: Data from the 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey (n = 17 092, the typical age of 11-18 years) were analyzed to examine the prevalence of support toward Tobacco 21 among youth. This study further assessed whether attitudes toward Tobacco 21 were associated with (1) intention to initiate cigarette smoking among never-smoking youth (n = 16 449); and (2) intention to quit tobacco use among current tobacco users (n = 2914)...
June 19, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627925/will-delay-discounting-predict-intention-to-quit-smoking
#20
Liqa N Athamneh, Jeffrey S Stein, Warren K Bickel
Intention to quit cigarette smoking is significantly associated with making quitting attempts and actual quitting. Delay discounting is significantly associated with smoking initiation and success in quitting. To our knowledge, no studies have investigated the relationship between delay discounting and intention to quit smoking. In 2 separate observational, cross-sectional studies, the current investigation examines the relationship between delay discounting and intention to quit smoking within groups of smokers...
June 19, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
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