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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773262/-smoking-cessation-pharmacological-strategies-different-from-standard-treatments
#1
REVIEW
M Underner, J Perriot, G Peiffer, G Harika-Germaneau, N Jaafari
INTRODUCTION: Three drugs are used as an aid for smoking cessation: nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), varenicline and bupropion. Standard pharmacological strategies have proven their efficacy but may have poor efficacy, especially among "Hard-core smokers" who display low smoking abstinence rates and high relapse rates. OBJECTIVES: Systematic literature review of data on pharmacological strategies for smoking cessation which are different from standard treatments...
May 14, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768509/aging-related-trajectories-of-lung-function-in-the-general-population-the-doetinchem-cohort-study
#2
Sandra H van Oostrom, Peter M Engelfriet, W M Monique Verschuren, Maarten Schipper, Inge M Wouters, Marike Boezen, Henriëtte A Smit, Huib A M Kerstjens, H Susan J Picavet
The objective of this study was to explore trajectories of lung function decline with age in the general population, and to study the effect of sociodemographic and life style related risk factors, in particular smoking and BMI. For this purpose, we used data from the Doetinchem Cohort Study (DCS) of men and women, selected randomly from the general population and aged 20-59 years at inclusion in 1987-1991, and followed until the present. Participants in the DCS are assessed every five years. Spirometry has been performed as part of this assessment from 1994 onwards...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763835/predictors-of-reduced-smoking-quantity-among-recovering-alcohol-dependent-men-in-a-smoking-cessation-trial
#3
Matthew J Worley, Melodie Isgro, Jaimee L Heffner, Soo Yong Lee, Belinda E Daniel, Robert M Anthenelli
INTRODUCTION: Adults with alcohol dependence (AD) have exceptionally high smoking rates and poor smoking cessation outcomes. Discovery of factors that predict reduced smoking among AD smokers may help improve treatment. This study examined baseline predictors of smoking quantity among AD smokers in a pharmacotherapy trial for smoking cessation. METHODS: The sample includes male, AD smokers (N = 129) with 1-32 months of alcohol abstinence who participated in a 12-week trial of medication (topiramate vs...
May 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762196/high-intensity-interval-training-and-continuous-aerobic-exercise-interventions-to-promote-self-initiated-quit-attempts-in-young-adults-who-smoke-feasibility-acceptability-and-lessons-learned-from-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#4
Alicia Allen, Samantha C Carlson, Tyler A Bosch, Lynn E Eberly, Kola Okuyemi, Uma Nair, Judith S Gordon
OBJECTIVES: While exercise significantly reduces craving for cigarettes, the effect of exercise on self-initiation of quit attempts is less known. Therefore, this randomized pilot study explored the effect of starting an exercise program on self-initiated quit attempts, and also the feasibility and acceptability of a novel exercise intervention, high-intensity interval training (HIIT), as compared with a more traditional continuous aerobic (CA) exercise intervention. METHODS: Participants smoked (≥5 cigarettes/d), were aged 18 to 40 years, and wanted to increase their exercise...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754582/altered-lung-biology-of-healthy-never-smokers-following-acute-inhalation-of-e-cigarettes
#5
Michelle R Staudt, Jacqueline Salit, Robert J Kaner, Charleen Hollmann, Ronald G Crystal
BACKGROUND: Little is known about health risks associated with electronic cigarette (EC) use although EC are rising in popularity and have been advocated as a means to quit smoking cigarettes. METHODS: Ten never-smokers, without exposure history to tobacco products or EC, were assessed at baseline with questionnaire, chest X-ray, lung function, plasma levels of endothelial microparticles (EMP), and bronchoscopy to obtain small airway epithelium (SAE) and alveolar macrophages (AM)...
May 14, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751746/validating-the-use-of-veterans-affairs-tobacco-health-factors-for-assessing-change-in-smoking-status-accuracy-availability-and-approach
#6
Anne C Melzer, Erika A Pinsker, Barbara Clothier, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Diana J Burgess, Elisheva R Danan, Steven S Fu
BACKGROUND: Accurate smoking status is key for research purposes, but can be costly and difficult to measure. Within the Veteran's Health Administration (VA), smoking status is recorded as part of routine care as "health factors" (HF)-fields that researchers can query through the electronic health record (EHR). Many researchers are interested in using these fields to track changes in smoking status over time, however the validity of this measure for assessing change is unknown...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748064/-helping-smoking-cessation-in-copd-asthma-lung-cancer-operated-smokers
#7
J Perriot, M Underner, G Peiffer, B Dautzenberg
Smoking is the cause of addictive behavior. Tobacco addiction is a chronic disease that makes difficult to stop smoking and leads to further use. Smoking is a risk factor for COPD, asthma and lung cancer; it may be the cause of severe perioperative complications. This finding justifies that smokers benefit from advice of stopping smoking and smoking cessation assistance. Helping patients to stop smoking increases the chances of quitting, improves the prognosis of tobacco-related diseases, the effectiveness of their treatments and the quality of life of the patients...
May 7, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748063/-is-reduction-of-tobacco-consumption-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-cardiovascular-and-pulmonary-mortality-and-morbidity
#8
REVIEW
M Underner, G Peiffer, J Perriot, G Harika-Germaneau, N Jaafari
INTRODUCTION: Smokers without an intention to completely quit smoking often try to reduce their daily tobacco consumption. However, smoking reduction is not associated with reduced risk of all-cause mortality. The aim of this systematic literature review of data was to expose relations between reduction of daily tobacco consumption and a potential decrease in the risks of cardiovascular and pulmonary mortality and morbidity. METHOD: Medline, on the period 1980-2018 with the following keywords: "smoking reduction", "harm reduction", "mortality", "morbidity", "cardiovascular disease* ", myocardial infarction", "coronar* ", "stroke", "lung cancer", "COPD", "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease", "asthma", "pulmonary disease* " and "respiratory disease" limits "title/abstract"; the selected languages were English or French...
May 7, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747597/physical-activity-for-antenatal-and-postnatal-depression-in-women-attempting-to-quit-smoking-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Amanda Daley, Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Paul Aveyard, Tim Coleman, Isaac Manyonda, Robert West, Beth Lewis, Bess Marcus, Adrian Taylor, Judith Ibison, Andrew Kent, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is associated with harmful consequences for both the mother and child. One intervention that might be effective is participation in regular physical activity although data on this question in pregnant smokers is currently lacking. METHODS: Women were randomised to six-weekly sessions of smoking cessation behavioural-support, or to the same support plus 14 sessions combining treadmill exercise and physical activity consultations. RESULTS: Among 784 participants (mean gestation 16-weeks), EPDS was significantly higher in the physical activity group versus usual care at end-of-pregnancy (mean group difference (95% confidence intervals (CIs)): 0...
May 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746974/tobacco-use-in-cardiac-patients-perceptions-use-and-changes-after-a-recent-myocardial-infarction-among-us-adults-in-the-path-study-2013-2015
#10
Diann E Gaalema, Irene Pericot-Valverde, Janice Y Bunn, Andrea C Villanti, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Nathan J Doogan, Diana R Keith, Allison N Kurti, Alexa A Lopez, Tyler Nighbor, Maria A Parker, Amanda J Quisenberry, Ryan Redner, Megan E Roberts, Cassandra A Stanton, Philip A Ades, Stephen T Higgins
Smoking status following cardiac events strongly predicts future morbidity and mortality. Using a nationally representative sample of United States adults, aims of this study were (1) to estimate use of, and attitudes towards, tobacco products as a function of level of cardiac risk, and (2) to explore changes in attitudes and tobacco use among adults experiencing a recent myocardial infarction (MI). Data were obtained from the first and second waves of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study...
May 7, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746621/revisiting-the-relationship-between-acculturation-and-smoking-cessation-among-mexican-americans
#11
Yessenia Castro, Christine Vinci, Whitney L Heppner, Miguel Ángel Cano, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, David W Wetter
Background: A well-established gender-differentiated association between acculturation and current smoking exists among Latino adults. There are far fewer studies on the potential influence of acculturation on smoking cessation, and extant findings are mixed. Purpose: Using a multidimensional measure of acculturation, the current study examined the independent and interactive associations of gender and acculturation with smoking cessation among Mexican American smokers engaged in a quit attempt...
May 9, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746451/tobacco-cessation-interventions-and-smoke-free-policies-in-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-treatment-facilities-united-states-2016
#12
Kristy Marynak, Brenna VanFrank, Sonia Tetlow, Margaret Mahoney, Elyse Phillips, Ahmed Jamal Mbbs, Anna Schecter, Doug Tipperman, Stephen Babb
Persons with mental or substance use disorders or both are more than twice as likely to smoke cigarettes as persons without such disorders and are more likely to die from smoking-related illness than from their behavioral health conditions (1,2). However, many persons with behavioral health conditions want to and are able to quit smoking, although they might require more intensive treatment (2,3). Smoking cessation reduces smoking-related disease risk and could improve mental health and drug and alcohol recovery outcomes (1,3,4)...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742683/efficiency-and-adverse-events-of-electronic-cigarettes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-prisma-compliant-article
#13
Xing Liu, Wan Lu, Sheng Liao, Zhongliang Deng, Zhongrong Zhang, Yun Liu, Weizhong Lu
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a prevalent smoking cessation aid worldwide; however, a consensus regarding their efficacy and safety has yet to be reached. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the literature from related studies written in English or Chinese and published between January 1, 2003, and July 30, 2017. Eligible studies reporting the number of smokers who reduced or quit smoking and suffered from adverse events after e-cigarette use were selected according to predefined criteria; pertinent data were then extracted for a meta-analysis...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737885/acceptability-and-compliance-with-a-remote-monitoring-system-to-track-smoking-and-abstinence-among-young-smokers
#14
Erin A McClure, Rachel L Tomko, Matthew J Carpenter, Frank A Treiber, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND: Similar to adult smokers, quit attempts among younger smokers almost inevitably result in relapse. Unlike adults, less is known about the process of relapse in this younger age group. A technology-based remote monitoring system may allow for detailed and accurate characterization of smoking and abstinence and would help to improve cessation strategies. OBJECTIVES: This study describes a mobile system that captures smoking using breath carbon monoxide (CO) and real-time self-reports of smoking behavior...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733380/systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-smoking-following-release-from-smoke-free-prisons
#15
Cheneal Puljevic, Catherine J Segan
Introduction: Given the current proliferation of prison smoke-free policies internationally, and the multiple benefits of continued smoking abstinence for correctional populations, improved understanding of factors influencing post-release smoking abstinence is required to inform support strategies aimed at individuals exiting smoke-free prisons. Methods: We systematically searched health, social science, and criminal justice databases for studies relating to smoking behaviours among people released from smoke-free prisons...
May 4, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733376/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-stop-smoking-interventions-in-substance-use-disorder-populations-undergoing-treatment
#16
Andrew Healey, Sarah Roberts, Nick Sevdalis, Lucy Goulding, Sophie Wilson, Kate Shaw, Caroline Jolley, Deborah Robson
Background: Tobacco smoking is highly prevalent among people attending treatment for a substance use disorder (SUD). In the UK, specialist support to stop smoking is largely delivered by a national network of Stop Smoking Services, and typically comprises of behavioural support delivered by trained practitioners on an individual (one-to-one) or group basis combined with a pharmacological smoking cessation aid. We evaluate the cost-effectiveness of these interventions, and compare cost-effectiveness for interventions using group- and individual-based support, in populations under treatment for SUD...
May 4, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733037/employee-characteristics-and-health-belief-variables-related-to-smoking-cessation-engagement-attitudes
#17
Tamara D Street, Sarah J Lacey
BACKGROUND: Workplace smoking cessation programs can effectively assist employees to quit smoking. However, little is known about employees' attitudes towards engagement in workplace smoking cessation programs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to address the limited understanding of the interaction between employee characteristics and their health beliefs toward engaging in a workplace smoking cessation program. METHODS: Self-report data was collected from 897 employees of a mining company operating in two remote towns in Australia...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729584/income-as-a-moderator-of-psychological-stress-and-nicotine-dependence-among-adult-smokers
#18
Andréa L Hobkirk, Nicolle M Krebs, Joshua E Muscat
BACKGROUND: Perceived stress and psychological distress are associated with more cigarette craving and withdrawal, higher nicotine dependence, and less success during quit attempts. Low income smokers have disproportionately higher rates of smoking and may be particularly vulnerable to the effects of stress on smoking dependence. The aim of the current study was to assess if lower income smokers have a stronger association between stress and nicotine dependence than higher income smokers...
April 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728074/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-combining-varenicline-with-nicotine-e-cigarettes-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-with-mental-illnesses-and-addictions-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Chris Bullen, Marjolein Verbiest, Susanna Galea-Singer, Tomasz Kurdziel, George Laking, David Newcombe, Varsha Parag, Natalie Walker
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates are higher in New Zealand (NZ) adults with mental illnesses and alcohol and other drug (AOD) addictions, compared to the overall population. Quit attempts using "gold standard" smoking cessation treatments often fail in people with these conditions, so more flexible treatment regimens that adapt to a person's responsiveness to treatment are worth investigating. The STATUS trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of combining varenicline with nicotine e-cigarettes for smoking cessation among varenicline non-responders in treatment for mental health illnesses and/or AOD addictions...
May 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723802/integrating-smoking-cessation-care-into-routine-service-delivery-in-a-medically-supervised-injecting-facility-an-acceptability-study
#20
Eliza Skelton, Flora Tzelepis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Ashleigh Guillaumier, William Wood, Marianne Jauncey, Allison M Salmon, Sam McCrabb, Kerrin Palazzi, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) the prevalence of tobacco smoking exceeds 80%; making smoking cessation intervention a priority for this population. This study aims to examine staff and client perspectives from a supervised injecting facility regarding: i) whether an organizational change intervention increased rates of smoking cessation care delivery (pre- to post-intervention); and ii) acceptability of the intervention. METHODS: A pre-and-post intervention pilot study in a supervised injecting facility was conducted in Sydney, Australia between July 2014-December 2015...
April 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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