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impingement cuff

Mona Alilet, Julien Behr, Jean-Philippe Nueffer, Benoit Barbier-Brion, Sébastien Aubry
: The subscapularis (SSC) muscle is the most powerful of the rotator cuff muscles, and plays an important role in shoulder motion and stabilization. SSC tendon tear is quite uncommon, compared to the supraspinatus (SSP) tendon, and, most of the time, part of a large rupture of the rotator cuff. Various complementary imaging techniques can be used to obtain an accurate diagnosis of SSC tendon lesions, as well as their extension and muscular impact. Pre-operative diagnosis by imaging is a key issue, since a lesion of the SSC tendon impacts on treatment, surgical approach, and post-operative functional prognosis of rotator cuff injuries...
October 17, 2016: Insights Into Imaging
Birgit Castelein, Ann Cools, Thierry Parlevliet, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: Altered recruitment of rotator cuff and scapulothoracic muscles has been identified in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. To date, however, the cause-consequence relationship between pain and altered muscle recruitment has not been fully unraveled. METHODS: The effect of experimental shoulder pain induced by injection of hypertonic saline in the supraspinatus on the activity of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, trapezius, and serratus anterior activity was investigated during the performance of an elevation task by use of muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging in 25 healthy individuals...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
William R Mook, Joshua A Greenspoon, Peter J Millett
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are a significant cause of shoulder morbidity. Surgical techniques for repair have evolved to optimize the biologic and mechanical variables critical to tendon healing. Double-row repairs have demonstrated superior biomechanical advantages to a single-row. METHODS: The preferred technique for rotator cuff repair of the senior author was reviewed and described in a step by step fashion. The final construct is a knotless double row transosseous equivalent construct...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Andrea M Spiker, Christopher L Camp, Brian T Barlow, Shawn G Anthony, Struan H Coleman
This article describes the use of sutures to enhance visualization while protecting the capsule in both the central and peripheral compartments during hip arthroscopy. We describe first a technique to preserve the proximal capsule cuff while working in the central compartment and then an alternative to the T-capsulotomy while maintaining excellent visualization of the peripheral compartment during femoroplasty of cam-type femoroacetabular impingement. By use of suture suspension of the capsule, multiple goals are achieved: The integrity of the proximal capsule cuff is maintained while aiding in visualization of the central compartment; the iliofemoral ligament is spared, which plays a critical role in preventing microinstability; the necessary space is created to obtain adequate visualization of the peripheral compartment for complete femoroplasty; and operative time is reduced because creation and subsequent repair of the T-capsulotomy can be avoided...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
L I F Penning, R A De Bie, P Leffers, R E Weijers, G H I M Walenkamp
: Shoulder disorders are common in the general population : they occur in about 25 of every 1000 patients per year. A rather large majority are caused by cuff disorders. Differentiating between impingement and cuff rupture is essential to adequate treatment. Clinical tests have been developed, but their accuracy is limited. This study was performed to improve clinical accuracy by combining single tests and adding a subacromial injection. We postulated that the empty can and drop arm tests would result in higher sensitivity and specificity after subacromial injection...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Chen-Yu Hung, Der-Sheng Han, Rong-Sen Yang, Chung-Hsun Chang, Chih-Peng Lin
BACKGROUND: The suprascapular nerve accounts for 70% of shoulder sensory innervations, and suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) has been shown to be effective in the relief of chronic shoulder pain including rotator cuff tendinitis, subdeltoid impingement syndrome, and adhesive capsulitis. However, this remains inconclusive for patients undergoing surgery. The present meta-analysis aimed to explore the effectiveness of SSNB for relieving acute post-operative shoulder pain. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of SSNB for relieving acute post-operative shoulder pain...
September 2016: Pain Physician
Dominique M Rouleau, G Yves Laflamme, Jennifer Mutch
BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective prognostic study on soft tissue injury following isolated greater tuberosity (GT) fractures of the proximal humerus with respect to the relationship between rotator cuff tears and GT displacement. METHODS: Forty-three patients with isolated GT fractures were recruited and evaluated with a standardized interview and physical examination, quality of life and shoulder function questionnaires (Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index, SF-12 Version 2, Constant, Quick-Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, Visual Analogue Scale), standard shoulder radiographs and an ultrasound...
October 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
Rohit Singh, Akshay Malhotra, Gillian Cribb, Paul Cool, Stuart Hay
Impingement syndrome is usually caused by irritation of the rotator cuff within the sub acromial space and this includes the coraco-acromial arch (Acromion and Coraco-acromial ligament), the acromio-clavicular joint and occasionally the coracoid. Iatrogenic causes such as sutures, pins, plates or wires left from previous surgery can cause similar symptoms. We present a series of four cases mimicking "classical" impingement symptoms/signs in which the causal pathology was identified outside the sub-acromial space...
September 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Scott A Rodeo, Joseph T Nguyen, John T Cavanaugh, Yashika Patel, Ronald S Adler
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is a common problem in competitive swimmers, but the structural alterations in elite-level competitive swimmers are not well known. HYPOTHESIS: Adaptive changes are common in the rotator cuff, bursa, labrum, and capsule in elite swimmers, and such abnormalities are related to factors concerning training and correlate with symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: The study population was the 2008 United States Olympic swimming team...
August 9, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
J Pogorzelski, K Beitzel, A B Imhoff, P Millett, S Braun
OBJECTIVE: Therapy of intraarticular lesions and elimination of structural risk factors for those suffering from clinical manifest anterosuperiorer impingement (ASI) of the shoulder. This includes as a maximum version the arthroscopic repair of supraspinatus (SST) and subscapularis tendon (SCT) tears with subsequent subpectoral tenodesis of the long head of the biceps tendon (LBT) and arthroscopic coracoplasty. INDICATIONS: Clinical manifest anterosuperiorer impingement of the shoulder with anterior shoulder pain, failed conservative treatment and clear intraarticular damage in radiological imaging...
August 2, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Andrea Santamato, Francesco Panza, Angela Notarnicola, Gennaro Cassatella, Francesca Fortunato, Jula Laura de Sanctis, Giovanni Valeno, Patrick G Kehoe, Davide Seripa, Giancarlo Logroscino, Pietro Fiore, Maurizio Ranieri
UNLABELLED: Study Design Single-blind randomized trial. Background Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been shown to produce good results in the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). The efficacy of a combined administration of ESWT and isokinetic exercise (IE) has not yet been studied. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of focused ESWT combined with IE for the rotator cuff versus focused ESWT alone in the treatment of SAIS. The secondary objective was to assess the isokinetic torque recovery (external rotation at 210°/s, 180°/s, and 120°/s)...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
M Beirer, G H Sandmann, A B Imhoff, S Buchmann
OBJECTIVE: To restore the physiologic anterior and posterior capsular volume to achieve an anatomic central contact point of the glenohumeral articulation and treatment of concomitant glenohumeral injuries due to posterosuperior impingement (PSI). INDICATIONS: Plateauing of clinical improvement despite adequate nonsurgical treatment (for at least 6-12 months). CONTRAINDICATIONS: General contraindications for elective arthroscopic surgery...
July 28, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
P García Parra, M Anaya Rojas, B Jiménez Bravo, M O González Oria, M Lisbona Muñoz, J J Gil Álvarez, P Cano Luis
INTRODUCTION: Only a few clinical exploratory manoeuvres are truly discriminatory and useful in shoulder disease. The aim of this study is to correlate the physical examination results of the shoulder with the true diagnosis found by arthroscopy. METHODS: A retrospective case series of 150 patients with the most common surgical conditions of the shoulder. Data were collected on the suspicion of each pathology, the physical examination of the patient, and the actual discovery of the disease during arthroscopic surgery...
September 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Irem Duzgun, Elif Turgut, Özge Çinar-Medeni, Nihan Kafa, Zeynep Tuna, Bulent Elbasan, Deran Oskay
BACKGROUND: In the literature it has been shown that posterior capsule flexibility is a precursor to shoulder problems. However, no study thus far has shown the influence of the flexibility of posterior capsule in different shoulder pathologies. OBJECTIVE: This study set about to compare the role of posterior capsule tightness in different shoulder problems. METHODS: One-hundred-twenty-five patients diagnosed with shoulder subacromial impingement syndrome (n= 52), partial rotator cuff tear (n= 31) or frozen shoulder (n= 42) and 30 asymptomatic peers participated in the study...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Saara Ketola, Janne Lehtinen, Petra Elo, Seppo Kortelainen, Heini Huhtala, Ilkka Arnala
Background and purpose - Arthroscopic acromioplasty is still commonly used in the treatment of shoulder impingement syndrome, even though its benefits are questioned; randomized controlled studies have not shown any benefits when compared to non-operative treatment. In this randomized study, we investigated whether operative treatment protects from later rotator cuff rupture and whether it has any effect on the development of rotator cuff muscle volume. Patients and methods - 140 stage-II impingement patients were randomized to a structured exercise group (n = 70) or to an operative group (n = 70)...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
Hyun-Kyung Do, Jae-Young Lim
Posterosuperior impingement (PSI) is an underdiagnosed cause of posterior shoulder pain and should be differentiated from classic and external impingement. PSI involves the internal impingement of soft tissues, including the undersurface of the rotator cuff against the posterosuperior labrum when the arm is brought into abduction and external rotation (ABER). Ultrasonography (US) can be useful in the assessment of PSI because of its high resolution and ability to perform during dynamic maneuvers in ABER. This series of three cases illustrates the feasibility of US to the evaluation of PSI when the history and physical examination implicate this condition...
June 15, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Ulunay Kanatli, Tacettin Ayanoğlu, Erdem Aktaş, M Baybars Ataoğlu, Mustafa Özer, Mehmet Çetinkaya
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of coracoacromial ligament degeneration and specific anatomic parameters in the etiology of partial-thickness rotator cuff tears. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively assessed 96 patients (mean age, 50.1 years [17-76]; 34 men, 62 women) diagnosed with bursal-side and articular-side rotator cuff tears with a history of failed conservative treatment and persistent shoulder pain who underwent arthroscopic surgery...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
S Lerch, S Elki, M Jaeger, T Berndt
OBJECTIVE: Coracoacromial ligament release to widen the subacromial space, resection of the anterior undersurface of the acromion and, if needed, caudal exophytes at the acromioclavicular joint. INDICATIONS: All types of outlet impingement after 3 months of conservative treatment. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Impingement syndrome with instability/muscular imbalance, massive rotator cuff tear, unstable os acromionale, posterior-superior impingement, joint infection, freezing phase of a secondary frozen shoulder...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Ayla Caglıyan Turk, Nurdan Fıdan, Oguzhan Ozcan, Ferda Ozdemır, Leman Tomak, Sultan Ozkurt, Fusun Sahın
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is frequently observed in haemodialysis patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare haemodialysis patients with or without shoulder pain in terms of shoulder motion ranges, β2 microglobulin levels and magnetic resonance imaging findings. METHODS: Forty-three patients undergoing dialysis were enrolled, of which 23 patients had explicit shoulder pain at night, which appeared during dialysis. Range of joint motion and impingement tests were evaluated...
May 20, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Xavier Robert-Lachaine, Paul Allard, Véronique Godbout, Patrice Tétreault, Mickael Begon
BACKGROUND: Some patients with rotator cuff tears feel pain without functional limitation, whereas others show a decrease in range of motion. To investigate this distinction, the scapulohumeral rhythm was used to conduct a functional evaluation of shoulder joints' coordination. The objective was to characterize patients according to their active range of motion without pain and their scapulohumeral rhythm compared with healthy individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients with rotator cuff tears and 14 healthy individuals were set up with 35 reflective markers on the trunk and upper limb tracked by an optoelectronic system to measure the scapulohumeral rhythm...
October 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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