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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904800/cervical-contribution-to-functional-shoulder-impingement-two-case-reports
#1
Steven Pheasant
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement is a common condition among overhead athletes. The cause of subacromial impingement can be multifactorial and often involves impaired rotator cuff function. CASE DESCRIPTION: The following cases outline the presentation, examination and intervention of two overhead athletes, a high school football quarterback and a collegiate swimmer, each presenting with signs and symptoms of subacromial impingement. The unique feature in each case was the manifestation of the cervical spine as the apparent source of rotator cuff weakness, which contributed to functional subacromial impingement although other overt signs of cervical or associated nerve root involvement were absent...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904235/management-of-acute-work-related-shoulder-injuries-by-an-early-shoulder-assessment-program-efficiency-of-imaging-investigations
#2
Helen Razmjou, Sandra Lincoln, Christopher Geddes, Dragana Boljanovic, Iona Macritchie, Caterina Virdo-Cristello, Danielle Medeiros, Robin R Richards
Purpose: There has been a significant increase in the number of costly investigations of the shoulder joint over the past decade. The purposes of this study were to (1) describe the diagnostic imaging investigations ordered for injured workers seen at an Early Shoulder Physician Assessment (ESPA) program, (2) evaluate the impact of these investigations on final diagnosis and management, and (3) examine how efficient the program was by determining the appropriateness of referrals and whether costly imaging was justified...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884499/comparison-of-three-types-of-exercise-in-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Stuart R Heron, Steve R Woby, Dave P Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of three different exercise programmes in treating rotator cuff tendinopathy/shoulder impingement syndrome. DESIGN: Parallel group randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Two out-patient NHS physiotherapy departments in Manchester, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 120 patients with shoulder pain of at least three months duration. Pain was reproduced on stressing the rotator cuff and participants had full passive range of movement at the shoulder...
September 21, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872990/blood-supply-of-the-subacromial-bursa-and-rotator-cuff-tendons-on-the-bursal-side
#4
Elle Põldoja, Madis Rahu, Kristo Kask, Imke Weyers, Ivo Kolts
PURPOSE: Vascularity of the subacromial bursa and rotator cuff tendons is key factors in the pathogenesis of subacromial bursitis and impingement syndrome, rotator cuff tendinitis, and rotator cuff tears. The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe blood supply to the cranial and caudal parts of the subacromial bursa and the vascularity of the rotator cuff tendons on the bursal side. METHODS: Fourteen fresh cadaveric shoulders from six females and eight males with a mean age of 71...
November 21, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806703/neuropathic-pain-in-patients-with-rotator-cuff-tears
#5
Tatsuki Karasugi, Junji Ide, Toshio Kitamura, Nobukazu Okamoto, Takuya Tokunaga, Hiroshi Mizuta
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have confirmed the existence of neuropathic pain (NeP) components in patients with musculoskeletal disorders. However, the presence of NeP in patients with rotator cuff tears has not been investigated thus far. Therefore, we studied the prevalence of NeP and the prognostic factors for NeP in patients with rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Data were collected from 110 patients with rotator cuff tears, diagnosed by physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging, who attended an outpatient clinic between August 2013 and August 2014...
November 2, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790534/clinico-radiological-correlation-of-subcoracoid-impingement-with-reduced-coracohumeral-interval-and-its-relation-to-subscapularis-tears-in-indian-patients
#6
Ayyappan Vijayachandran Nair, Srivatsa Nagaraja Rao, Chandrababu Kadassery Kumaran, Bhaskaran Vadakkekottu Kochukunju
INTRODUCTION: Clinically, subcoracoid impingement is characterized by pain at the anterior aspect of the shoulder that is induced by adduction, internal rotation and forward flexion. This position leads to narrowing of the Coraco-Humeral Interval (CHI)-that is, the space between the coracoid process and the lesser tuberosity of the humerus. Structures in the rotator interval are at greatest risk for impingement which includes the Subscorapularis tendon, tendon of the long head of the biceps, and the middle gleno-humeral ligament...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752837/multi-modal-imaging-of-the-subscapularis-muscle
#7
REVIEW
Mona Alilet, Julien Behr, Jean-Philippe Nueffer, Benoit Barbier-Brion, Sébastien Aubry
: The subscapularis (SSC) muscle is the most powerful of the rotator cuff muscles, and plays an important role in shoulder motion and stabilization. SSC tendon tear is quite uncommon, compared to the supraspinatus (SSP) tendon, and, most of the time, part of a large rupture of the rotator cuff. Various complementary imaging techniques can be used to obtain an accurate diagnosis of SSC tendon lesions, as well as their extension and muscular impact. Pre-operative diagnosis by imaging is a key issue, since a lesion of the SSC tendon impacts on treatment, surgical approach, and post-operative functional prognosis of rotator cuff injuries...
December 2016: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751718/the-influence-of-induced-shoulder-muscle-pain-on-rotator-cuff-and-scapulothoracic-muscle-activity-during-elevation-of-the-arm
#8
Birgit Castelein, Ann Cools, Thierry Parlevliet, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: Altered recruitment of rotator cuff and scapulothoracic muscles has been identified in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. To date, however, the cause-consequence relationship between pain and altered muscle recruitment has not been fully unraveled. METHODS: The effect of experimental shoulder pain induced by injection of hypertonic saline in the supraspinatus on the activity of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, trapezius, and serratus anterior activity was investigated during the performance of an elevation task by use of muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging in 25 healthy individuals...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733881/arthroscopic-double-row-transosseous-equivalent-rotator-cuff-repair-with-a-knotless-self-reinforcing-technique
#9
William R Mook, Joshua A Greenspoon, Peter J Millett
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are a significant cause of shoulder morbidity. Surgical techniques for repair have evolved to optimize the biologic and mechanical variables critical to tendon healing. Double-row repairs have demonstrated superior biomechanical advantages to a single-row. METHODS: The preferred technique for rotator cuff repair of the senior author was reviewed and described in a step by step fashion. The final construct is a knotless double row transosseous equivalent construct...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709053/capsular-preservation-using-suture-suspension-technique-in-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement
#10
Andrea M Spiker, Christopher L Camp, Brian T Barlow, Shawn G Anthony, Struan H Coleman
This article describes the use of sutures to enhance visualization while protecting the capsule in both the central and peripheral compartments during hip arthroscopy. We describe first a technique to preserve the proximal capsule cuff while working in the central compartment and then an alternative to the T-capsulotomy while maintaining excellent visualization of the peripheral compartment during femoroplasty of cam-type femoroacetabular impingement. By use of suture suspension of the capsule, multiple goals are achieved: The integrity of the proximal capsule cuff is maintained while aiding in visualization of the central compartment; the iliofemoral ligament is spared, which plays a critical role in preventing microinstability; the necessary space is created to obtain adequate visualization of the peripheral compartment for complete femoroplasty; and operative time is reduced because creation and subsequent repair of the T-capsulotomy can be avoided...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682276/empty-can-and-drop-arm-tests-for-cuff-rupture%C3%A2-improved-specificity-after-subacromial-injection
#11
L I F Penning, R A De Bie, P Leffers, R E Weijers, G H I M Walenkamp
: Shoulder disorders are common in the general population : they occur in about 25 of every 1000 patients per year. A rather large majority are caused by cuff disorders. Differentiating between impingement and cuff rupture is essential to adequate treatment. Clinical tests have been developed, but their accuracy is limited. This study was performed to improve clinical accuracy by combining single tests and adding a subacromial injection. We postulated that the empty can and drop arm tests would result in higher sensitivity and specificity after subacromial injection...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676661/comparative-effectiveness-of-suprascapular-nerve-block-in-the-relief-of-acute-post-operative-shoulder-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Chen-Yu Hung, Der-Sheng Han, Rong-Sen Yang, Chung-Hsun Chang, Chih-Peng Lin
BACKGROUND: The suprascapular nerve accounts for 70% of shoulder sensory innervations, and suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) has been shown to be effective in the relief of chronic shoulder pain including rotator cuff tendinitis, subdeltoid impingement syndrome, and adhesive capsulitis. However, this remains inconclusive for patients undergoing surgery. The present meta-analysis aimed to explore the effectiveness of SSNB for relieving acute post-operative shoulder pain. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of SSNB for relieving acute post-operative shoulder pain...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660656/fractures-of-the-greater-tuberosity-of-the-humerus-a-study-of-associated-rotator-cuff-injury-and-atrophy
#13
Dominique M Rouleau, G Yves Laflamme, Jennifer Mutch
BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective prognostic study on soft tissue injury following isolated greater tuberosity (GT) fractures of the proximal humerus with respect to the relationship between rotator cuff tears and GT displacement. METHODS: Forty-three patients with isolated GT fractures were recruited and evaluated with a standardized interview and physical examination, quality of life and shoulder function questionnaires (Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index, SF-12 Version 2, Constant, Quick-Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, Visual Analogue Scale), standard shoulder radiographs and an ultrasound...
October 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594993/unusual-lesions-mimicking-impingement-syndrome-in-the-shoulder-joint-think-medially
#14
Rohit Singh, Akshay Malhotra, Gillian Cribb, Paul Cool, Stuart Hay
Impingement syndrome is usually caused by irritation of the rotator cuff within the sub acromial space and this includes the coraco-acromial arch (Acromion and Coraco-acromial ligament), the acromio-clavicular joint and occasionally the coracoid. Iatrogenic causes such as sutures, pins, plates or wires left from previous surgery can cause similar symptoms. We present a series of four cases mimicking "classical" impingement symptoms/signs in which the causal pathology was identified outside the sub-acromial space...
September 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507844/clinical-and-ultrasonographic-evaluations-of-the-shoulders-of-elite-swimmers
#15
Scott A Rodeo, Joseph T Nguyen, John T Cavanaugh, Yashika Patel, Ronald S Adler
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is a common problem in competitive swimmers, but the structural alterations in elite-level competitive swimmers are not well known. HYPOTHESIS: Adaptive changes are common in the rotator cuff, bursa, labrum, and capsule in elite swimmers, and such abnormalities are related to factors concerning training and correlate with symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: The study population was the 2008 United States Olympic swimming team...
December 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484678/-surgical-treatment-of-anterosuperior-impingement-of-the-shoulder
#16
J Pogorzelski, K Beitzel, A B Imhoff, P Millett, S Braun
OBJECTIVE: Therapy of intraarticular lesions and elimination of structural risk factors for those suffering from clinical manifest anterosuperiorer impingement (ASI) of the shoulder. This includes as a maximum version the arthroscopic repair of supraspinatus (SST) and subscapularis tendon (SCT) tears with subsequent subpectoral tenodesis of the long head of the biceps tendon (LBT) and arthroscopic coracoplasty. INDICATIONS: Clinical manifest anterosuperiorer impingement of the shoulder with anterior shoulder pain, failed conservative treatment and clear intraarticular damage in radiological imaging...
December 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477254/is-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-combined-with-isokinetic-exercise-more-effective-than-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-alone-for-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Andrea Santamato, Francesco Panza, Angela Notarnicola, Gennaro Cassatella, Francesca Fortunato, Jula Laura de Sanctis, Giovanni Valeno, Patrick G Kehoe, Davide Seripa, Giancarlo Logroscino, Pietro Fiore, Maurizio Ranieri
UNLABELLED: Study Design Single-blind randomized trial. Background Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been shown to produce good results in the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). The efficacy of a combined administration of ESWT and isokinetic exercise (IE) has not yet been studied. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of focused ESWT combined with IE for the rotator cuff versus focused ESWT alone in the treatment of SAIS. The secondary objective was to assess the isokinetic torque recovery (external rotation at 210°/s, 180°/s, and 120°/s)...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469476/-surgical-treatment-of-posterosuperior-impingement-psi
#18
M Beirer, G H Sandmann, A B Imhoff, S Buchmann
OBJECTIVE: To restore the physiologic anterior and posterior capsular volume to achieve an anatomic central contact point of the glenohumeral articulation and treatment of concomitant glenohumeral injuries due to posterosuperior impingement (PSI). INDICATIONS: Plateauing of clinical improvement despite adequate nonsurgical treatment (for at least 6-12 months). CONTRAINDICATIONS: General contraindications for elective arthroscopic surgery...
December 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435988/correlation-between-physical-examination-and-intraoperative-findings-in-shoulder-disease-treated-by-arthroscopy-statistical-analysis-of-150-patients
#19
P García Parra, M Anaya Rojas, B Jiménez Bravo, M O González Oria, M Lisbona Muñoz, J J Gil Álvarez, P Cano Luis
INTRODUCTION: Only a few clinical exploratory manoeuvres are truly discriminatory and useful in shoulder disease. The aim of this study is to correlate the physical examination results of the shoulder with the true diagnosis found by arthroscopy. METHODS: A retrospective case series of 150 patients with the most common surgical conditions of the shoulder. Data were collected on the suspicion of each pathology, the physical examination of the patient, and the actual discovery of the disease during arthroscopic surgery...
September 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392845/the-presence-and-influence-of-posterior-capsule-tightness-on-different-shoulder-problems
#20
Irem Duzgun, Elif Turgut, Özge Çinar-Medeni, Nihan Kafa, Zeynep Tuna, Bulent Elbasan, Deran Oskay
BACKGROUND: In the literature it has been shown that posterior capsule flexibility is a precursor to shoulder problems. However, no study thus far has shown the influence of the flexibility of posterior capsule in different shoulder pathologies. OBJECTIVE: This study set about to compare the role of posterior capsule tightness in different shoulder problems. METHODS: One-hundred-twenty-five patients diagnosed with shoulder subacromial impingement syndrome (n= 52), partial rotator cuff tear (n= 31) or frozen shoulder (n= 42) and 30 asymptomatic peers participated in the study...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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