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adrenalectomy laparoscopic

Yasmin Hakim, Anna Forbes, Momina Khan, Benjamin C Whitelaw
Chest pain with elevated serum troponin is a common clinical presentation and is normally managed as suspected myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We report a 49 year old man who presented with central chest pain sweating and breathlessness. He had a significantly elevated serum troponin I level and a subsequent angiogram showed near normal coronary arteries. He was subsequently investigated for fever and found to have a 3cm right sided adrenal mass consistent with a pheochromocytoma. After confirmation and appropriate blockade laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed...
2016: Acute Medicine
Sergei Kurenov, Juan Cendan, Saleh Dindar, Kristopher Attwood, James Hassett, Ruth Nawotniak, Gregory Cherr, William G Cance, Jörg Peters
OBJECTIVE: The study assesses user acceptance and effectiveness of a surgeon-authored virtual reality (VR) training module authored by surgeons using the Toolkit for Illustration of Procedures in Surgery (TIPS). METHODS: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was selected to test the TIPS framework on an unusual and complex procedure. No commercial simulation module exists to teach this procedure. A specialist surgeon authored the module, including force-feedback interactive simulation, and designed a quiz to test knowledge of the key procedural steps...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Innovation
A van Uitert, F C H d'Ancona, J Deinum, H J L M Timmers, J F Langenhuijsen
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is an effective method for benign adrenal tumor removal. In the literature, both lateral transperitoneal (TLA) and posterior retroperitoneoscopic (RPA) approaches are described. Since 2007, the number of patients increased significantly in our center. Therefore, RPA was introduced in 2011 because of its potential advantages in operating and recovery times. The learning curve of RPA is now evaluated. METHODS: All data of patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy from 2007 until 2014 were prospectively collected...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Hiroyuki Hirai, Sanae Midorikawa, Shinichi Suzuki, Hironobu Sasano, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Hiroaki Satoh
We herein present the findings of a 42-year-old woman with either adrenal pheochromocytoma or intraadrenal paraganglioma that simultaneously secreted somatostatin, thus mimicking insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Pheochromocytoma was clinically diagnosed based on scintigraphy, elevated catecholamine levels, and finally a histopathological analysis of resected specimens. The patient had diabetic ketosis, requiring 40 U insulin for treatment. Following laparoscopic adrenalectomy, insulin therapy was discontinued and the urinary c-peptide levels changed from 5...
2016: Internal Medicine
Yusuke Watanabe, Amin Madani, Elif Bilgic, Katherine M McKendy, Gada Enani, Iman Ghaderi, Gerald M Fried, Liane S Feldman, Melina C Vassiliou
BACKGROUND: General surgery residency may not adequately prepare residents for independent practice. It is unclear; however, if non-ACGME-accredited fellowships are better meeting training needs. The purpose of this mixed-method study was to determine perceived preparedness for practice and to identify gaps in fellowship training. METHODS: A survey was developed using an iterative qualitative methodology based on interviews and focus groups of graduated fellows and program directors...
October 14, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Major, Magdalena Pisarska, Michał Natkaniec, Magdalena Godlewska, Krzysztof Przęczek, Jadwiga Dworak, Marcin Dembiński, Anna Zub-Pokrowiecka, Andrzej Budzyński
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of obesity and morbid obesity on short-term outcomes after laparoscopic adrenalectomy. METHODS: The study included 520 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenal tumor. The entire study group was divided depending on the body mass index: group 1 (normal weight), <25 kg/m(2) ; group 2 (overweight), 25-30 kg/m(2) ; and group 3 (obese) 30-40 kg/m(2) . Additionally, group 4 (morbidly obese) was distinguished...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Kathryn A Pitt, Philipp D Mayhew, Michele A Steffey, William T N Culp, Mark C Fuller, Ann Della Maggiore, Richard W Nelson
OBJECTIVE: To report the surgical technique and outcome of dogs undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy for removal of unilateral noninvasive pheochromocytoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Dogs with unilateral noninvasive adrenal tumors (n=10). METHODS: Medical records of dogs that underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy for histologically confirmed pheochromocytoma were reviewed. Dogs were positioned in lateral recumbency with the table tilted up to create a semi-sternal position...
September 23, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
P Tomasini, M-E Garcia, L Greillier, C Paladino, F Sebag, F Barlesi
INTRODUCTION: Oligometastatic cancer prognosis is distinct from polymetastatic cancer prognosis and surgery can improve survival. The objective of this study was to assess the role of adrenalectomy and to look for prognostic or predictive factors for the treatment of patients with oligometastatic solid tumors and adrenal metastasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with oligometastatic solid tumors undergoing adrenalectomy were selected. Clinical data were retrieved from electronic patients records...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Niren Rao, Rashmi Ramachandran, Nikhil Tandon, Prabhjot Singh, Rajeev Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the surgical complications of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma surgery and assess perioperative hemodynamic outcomes in terms of risk for intraoperative vasodilator use and risk for postoperative vasopressor requirements in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved prospective observational study of patients undergoing pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma surgery. Operative and recovery data for all patients undergoing open, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery were analyzed for surgical complications on the modified Clavien-Dindo classification...
September 14, 2016: Urology
Delia Proposito, Francesca De Lucia, Alessandra Giannella, Francesca Frangella, Giuseppe Pappalardo, Maria Santangelo, Domenico Magagnano
AIM: Ganglioneuroma (GN) is the most uncommon and the most benign tumor among neuroblastic neoplasms, and in 29.7% of cases it finds in an adrenal gland. Usually asymptomatic, this tumor is detected incidentally in the majority of cases. It is generally challenging to obtain a precise diagnosis of adrenal ganglioneuroma (AGN) before surgery. Misdiagnosis rate of AGN on CT and MRI is 64.7% and clinicians and surgeons are often lacking in knowledge of this rare disease. For this reason, we pointed out the clinical, biochemical, radiologic and pathologic features of AGN in an our experience, with the aim to find out if there are some features able to facilitate a preoperative diagnosis...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Ana L Campos Arbulú, Emmanuel E Sadava, Javier Kerman, Juan M Fernández Vila, Norberto A Mezzadri
Adrenal myelolipoma is a rare, benign, non-functioning tumor. It is composed by fat and hematopoietic tissues. We present the case of a 33-year-old woman with diagnosis of a 14 cm diameter non-functioning right adrenal incidentaloma, with imaging features suggestive of myelolipoma. Based on the benign nature of the tumor, laparoscopic resection was performed. Histopathology showed a myelolipoma, weighting 444 grams. The patient evolved with an uneventful postoperative period. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for a giant myelolipoma was feasible and successful...
2016: Medicina
Reese W Randle, Courtney J Balentine, Susan C Pitt, David F Schneider, Rebecca S Sippel
BACKGROUND: The optimal preoperative α-blockade strategy is debated for patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytomas. We evaluated the impact of selective versus non-selective α-blockade on intraoperative hemodynamics and postoperative outcomes. METHODS: We identified patients having laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytomas from 2001 to 2015. As a marker of overall intraoperative hemodynamics, we combined systolic blood pressure (SBP) > 200, SBP < 80, SBP < 80 and >200, pulse > 120, vasopressor infusion, and vasodilator infusion into a single variable...
August 25, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
D Maccora, G V Walls, G P Sadler, R Mihai
INTRODUCTION The 2012 British Association of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgeons audit report showed that only 86 of 1359 patients who underwent adrenalectomy had a bilateral operation; thus the experience with this procedure remains limited. METHODS Retrospective review of patients undergoing bilateral adrenalectomy in a tertiary referral centre. RESULTS Between November 2005 and January 2016, bilateral adrenalectomy was performed in 23 patients (6 male, 17 female, age 43 ± 4 years) diagnosed with Cushing's disease (n = 13), hereditary phaeochromocytomas (n = 6), adrenocortical cancer (n = 2), colorectal metastatic disease (n = 1) and adrenocortical adenomas (n = 1)...
August 23, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Marie C Hupe, Florian Imkamp, Axel S Merseburger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are multiple minimal invasive approaches to remove the adrenal gland. The purpose of this review is to summarize the most up-to-date findings about laparoscopic, retroperitoneoscopic, robot-assisted, and single-site adrenalectomy, and to define the most common approaches to the adrenal gland. RECENT FINDINGS: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the gold standard to remove adrenal tumors. New approaches are being explored to outperform the advantages of laparoscopic adrenalectomy...
August 16, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
Luca Morelli, Dario Tartaglia, Jessica Bronzoni, Matteo Palmeri, Simone Guadagni, Gregorio Di Franco, Andrea Gennai, Matteo Bianchini, Luca Bastiani, Andrea Moglia, Vincenzo Ferrari, Enza Fommei, Andrea Pietrabissa, Giulio Di Candio, Franco Mosca
PURPOSE: The role of the da Vinci Robotic System (®) in adrenal gland surgery is not yet well defined. The goal of this study was to compare robotic-assisted surgery with pure laparoscopic surgery in a single center. METHODS: One hundred and 16 patients underwent minimally invasive adrenalectomies in our department between June 1994 and December 2014, 41 of whom were treated with a robotic-assisted approach (robotic adrenalectomy, RA). Patients who underwent RA were matched according to BMI, age, gender, and nodule dimensions, and compared with 41 patients who had undergone laparoscopic adrenalectomies (LA)...
August 12, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Anne Trinh, Irene Chan, Maria Alexiadis, Medina Pell, Beena Kumar, Peter J Fuller
BACKGROUND: Cushing's syndrome is rare during pregnancy and more commonly due to adrenal pathology, in contrast to the non-pregnant population. Increased levels of cortisol-binding globulin and placental production of corticotropin-releasing hormone and adrenocorticotropic hormone complicate the diagnostic strategies usually employed. CASE: A 32-year-old G1P0 at 15/40 gestation presented with severe peripheral oedema and excessive weight gain. Examination revealed pitting oedema to the abdominal wall, wide violaceous striae, moon facies and acne...
March 2016: Obstetric Medicine
S Y Liu, C M Chu, A P Kong, S K Wong, P W Chiu, F C Chow, E K Ng
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an emerging treatment for primary aldosteronism owing to aldosterone-producing adenoma. Whether RFA could be an alternative treatment to laparoscopic adrenalectomy is unknown. METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative study in patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma undergoing either laparoscopic adrenalectomy or CT-guided percutaneous RFA between 2004 and 2012. Short-term outcomes and long-term resolution rates of primary aldosteronism (normalized aldosterone to renin ratio), hypokalaemia and hypertension (BP lower than 140/90 mmHg without antihypertensive medical therapy) were evaluated...
October 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Badr Serji, Amine Souadka, Amine Benkabbou, Hajar Hachim, Lamin Jaiteh, Raouf Mohsine, Lahcen Ifrine, Abdelkader Belkouchi, Hadj Omar El Malki
OBJECTIVE: To verify the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic adrenalectomy for large tumours, as since it was described, the laparoscopic approach for adrenalectomy has become the 'gold standard' for small tumours and for large and non-malignant adrenal tumours many studies have reported acceptable results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study from a general surgery department from January 2006 to December 2013 including 45 patients (56 laparoscopic adrenalectomies)...
June 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
Pang-Hu Zhou, Lei Shi, Wei Hu, Xiao-Bin Zhang, Wei Wang, Li-Jun Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathophysiological functions of adrenomedullin (ADM), atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP) in patients with adrenal medullary hyperplasia (AMH). Plasma ADM, ANP and BNP concentrations were measured in 20 patients with AMH, 35 patients with essential hypertension (EH), and 40 healthy control subjects. Following effective antihypertensive therapy, the values in AMH and EH patients were measured again and laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed for AMH patients...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Zivko Popov, Nikola Jankulovski, Oliver Stankov, Sotir Stavridis, Skender Saidi, Marjan Kuzmanoski, Igor Chipurovski, Sasho Banev, Branka Krstevska, Ognen Ivanovski, Chedomir Dimitrovski
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become the preferred approach for removal of the adrenal gland for the management of benign or malignant functioning or nonfunctioning adrenal masses. We aimed to present our initial experience with this procedure. In addition, we compare the clinical outcomes of laparoscopic (LA) vs. the open adrenalectomies (OA) performed at our institutions. Also we report a case of successful laparoscopic treatment of splenic artery aneurism involving laparoscopic splenectomy...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
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