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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350771/recombinant-relaxin-protects-liver-transplants-from-ischemia-damage-via-hepatocyte-glucocorticoid-receptor-from-bench-to-bedside
#1
Shoichi Kageyama, Kojiro Nakamura, Takehiro Fujii, Bibo Ke, Rebecca A Sosa, Elaine F Reed, Nakul Datta, Ali Zarrinpar, Ronald W Busuttil, Jerzy W Kupiec-Weglinski
Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) represents a major risk factor of early graft dysfunction and acute/chronic rejection as well as a key obstacle to expanding the donor pool in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Although glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling may enhance cytoprotective programs, clinical use of glucocorticoid is limited due to adverse effects, while clinical relevance of GR-facilitated cytoprotection in OLT remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the significance of hepatic GR in clinical OLT and verify the impact of recombinant human relaxin (rhRLX), which may function as GR agonist in tissue/disease-specific manner...
January 19, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349489/characterization-of-multiple-antilisterial-peptides-produced-by-sakacin-p-producing-lactobacillus-sakei-subsp-sakei-2a
#2
Kátia G Carvalho, Felipe H S Bambirra, Jacques R Nicoli, Jamil S Oliveira, Alexandre M C Santos, Marcelo P Bemquerer, Antonio Miranda, Bernadette D G M Franco
Antimicrobial compounds produced by lactic acid bacteria can be explored as natural food biopreservatives. In a previous report, the main antimicrobial compounds produced by the Brazilian meat isolate Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei 2a, i.e., bacteriocin sakacin P and two ribosomal peptides (P2 and P3) active against Listeria monocytogenes, were described. In this study, we report the spectrum of activity, molecular mass, structural identity and mechanism of action of additional six antilisterial peptides produced by Lb...
January 18, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341199/timing-of-gamma-irradiation-and-blood-donor-sex-influences-in-vitro-characteristics-of-red-blood-cells
#3
Dirk de Korte, Louis Thibault, Wiebke Handke, Sarah K Harm, Alex Morrison, Aine Fitzpatrick, Denese C Marks, Qi-Long Yi, Jason P Acker
BACKGROUND: There are few studies investigating the effect of irradiation on red blood cells (RBCs) during storage. This study analyzed changes in in vitro quality of RBCs irradiated at several points during storage with the aim of providing evidence to support current maximum pre- and postirradiation storage limits. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Each of seven participating centers produced four pools of 7 standard RBC units (SAGM, AS-3, or PAGGSM), which were then split back into 7 units...
January 17, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339408/development-of-the-swimbladder-surfactant-system-and-biogenesis-of-lysosome-related-organelles-is-regulated-by-blos1-in-zebrafish
#4
Tianbing Chen, Guili Song, Huihui Yang, Lin Mao, Zongbin Cui, Kaiyao Huang
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a human autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by oculocutaneous albinism and a deficiency of the platelet storage pool resulting from defective biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles (LROs). To date, ten HPS genes have been identified, three of which belong to the octamer complex BLOC-1 (biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles complex 1). One subunit of the BLOC-1 complex, BLOS1, also participates in the BLOC-1-related complex (BORC). Due to lethality at the early embryo stage in BLOS1 knockout mice, the function of BLOS1 in the above two complexes and whether it has a novel function are unclear...
January 16, 2018: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333753/comparative-performance-of-different-scale-down-simulators-of-substrate-gradients-in-penicillium-chrysogenum-cultures-the-need-of-a-biological-systems-response-analysis
#5
Guan Wang, Junfei Zhao, Cees Haringa, Wenjun Tang, Jianye Xia, Ju Chu, Yingping Zhuang, Siliang Zhang, Amit T Deshmukh, Walter van Gulik, Joseph J Heijnen, Henk J Noorman
In a 54 m3 large-scale penicillin fermentor, the cells experience substrate gradient cycles at the timescales of global mixing time about 20-40 s. Here, we used an intermittent feeding regime (IFR) and a two-compartment reactor (TCR) to mimic these substrate gradients at laboratory-scale continuous cultures. The IFR was applied to simulate substrate dynamics experienced by the cells at full scale at timescales of tens of seconds to minutes (30 s, 3 min and 6 min), while the TCR was designed to simulate substrate gradients at an applied mean residence time (τc) of 6 min...
January 15, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331832/investigations-on-a-cryopreservation-protocol-for-long-term-storage-of-psittacine-spermatozoa-using-cockatiel-semen-as-an-example
#6
H Schneider, D Fischer, K Failing, C Ehling, S Meinecke-Tillmann, A Wehrend, M Lierz
The aim of the present study was the establishment of an effective protocol for cryopreservation of psittacine semen. Therefore, pooled semen samples of 30 cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) were diluted with modified Lake diluent (1:4), partitioned into four equal parts. Three portions were mixed with three cryoprotectants (dimethylacetamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, glycerol) in 4%, 8% and 12% final concentration, respectively, whereas the 4rth part served as control. Altogether, 96 incremental diluted semen samples were obtained for investigation...
December 16, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331291/global-microrna-profiling-in-human-bone-marrow-skeletal-stromal-or-mesenchymal-stem-cells-identified-candidates-for-bone-regeneration
#7
Chi-Chih Chang, Morten T Venø, Li Chen, Nicholas Ditzel, Dang Q S Le, Philipp Dillschneider, Moustapha Kassem, Jørgen Kjems
Bone remodeling and regeneration are highly regulated multistep processes involving posttranscriptional regulation by microRNAs (miRNAs). Here, we performed a global profiling of differentially expressed miRNAs in bone-marrow-derived skeletal cells (BMSCs; also known as stromal or mesenchymal stem cells) during in vitro osteoblast differentiation. We functionally validated the regulatory effects of several miRNAs on osteoblast differentiation and identified 15 miRNAs, most significantly miR-222 and miR-423, as regulators of osteoblastogenesis...
December 5, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330877/characterization-of-biologic-response-modifiers-in-the-supernatant-of-conventional-refrigerated-and-cryopreserved-platelets
#8
Lacey Johnson, Shereen Tan, Emily Jenkins, Ben Wood, Denese C Marks
BACKGROUND: Alternatives to room temperature storage of platelets (PLTs) are of interest to support blood banking logistics. The aim of this study was to compare the presence of biologic response modifiers (BRMs) in PLT concentrates stored under conventional room temperature conditions with refrigerated or cryopreserved PLTs. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A three-arm pool-and-split study was carried out using buffy coat-derived PLTs stored in 30% plasma/70% SSP+. The three matched treatment arms were as follows: room temperature (20-24°C), cold (2-6°C), and cryopreserved (-80°C with DMSO)...
January 12, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324518/the-dawn-of-liver-perfusion-machines
#9
Danielle Detelich, James F Markmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite high demand, a severe shortage of suitable allografts limits the use of liver transplantation for the treatment of end-stage liver disease. The transplant community is turning to the utilization of high-risk grafts to fill the void. This review summarizes the reemergence of ex-vivo machine perfusion for liver graft preservation, including results of recent clinical trials and its specific role for reconditioning DCD, steatotic and elderly grafts. RECENT FINDINGS: Several phase-1 clinical trials demonstrate the safety and feasibility of machine perfusion for liver graft preservation...
January 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320421/comparative-analysis-of-different-platelet-lysates-and-platelet-rich-preparations-to-stimulate-tendon-cell-biology-an-in-vitro-study
#10
Franka Klatte-Schulz, Tanja Schmidt, Melanie Uckert, Sven Scheffler, Ulrich Kalus, Markus Rojewski, Hubert Schrezenmeier, Axel Pruss, Britt Wildemann
The poor healing potential of tendons is still a clinical problem, and the use of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) was hypothesized to stimulate healing. As the efficacy of PRPs remains unproven, platelet lysate (PL) could be an alternative with its main advantages of storage and characterization before use. Five different blood products were prepared from 16 male donors: human serum, two PRPs (Arthrex, (PRP-ACP); RegenLab (PRP-BCT)), platelet concentrate (apheresis, PC), and PL (freezing-thawing destruction of PC)...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306629/recent-advances-in-triacylglycerol-mobilization-by-the-gut
#11
REVIEW
Changting Xiao, Priska Stahel, Alicia L Carreiro, Kimberly K Buhman, Gary F Lewis
Dietary lipid absorption and lipoprotein secretion by the gut are important in maintaining whole-body energy homeostasis and have significant implications for health and disease. The processing of dietary lipids, including storage within and subsequent mobilization and transport from enterocyte cytoplasmic lipid droplets or other intestinal lipid storage pools (including the secretary pathway, lamina propria and lymphatics) and secretion of chylomicrons, involves coordinated steps that are subject to various controls...
January 3, 2018: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282759/effect-of-l-arginine-addition-on-long-term-storability-of-ram-semen
#12
Ş Özer Kaya, S Gür, E Kaya
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of l-arginine addition on long-term storability of ram semen. Six Akkaraman rams were used as material. Semen samples were collected. Pooled samples were diluted and were divided into six equal aliquots. While aliquot 1 was kept as control, the stock solutions including 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5 and 10 mm l-arginine were added to other aliquots. All aliquots were routinely frozen in 0.25-ml straws at -130°C liquid nitrogen vapour and stored in liquid nitrogen -196°C until being analysed...
December 28, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275253/impact-of-land-use-changes-on-the-storage-of-soil-organic-carbon-in-active-and-recalcitrant-pools-in-a-humid-tropical-region-of-india
#13
Arun Jyoti Nath, Biplab Brahma, Gudeta W Sileshi, Ashesh Kumar Das
Quantifying soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics is important in understanding changes in soil properties and carbon (C) fluxes. However, SOC measures all C fractions and it is not adequate to distinguish between the active C (AC) and recalcitrant or passive C (PC) fractions. It has been suggested that PC pools are the main drivers of long term soil C sink management. Therefore, the present study was undertaken with the objective of determining whether or not SOC fractions vary with land use changes under a humid tropical climate in the North East India...
December 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261741/transcriptome-analysis-of-filling-stage-seeds-among-three-buckwheat-species-with-emphasis-on-rutin-accumulation
#14
Jia Gao, Tingting Wang, Minxuan Liu, Jing Liu, Zongwen Zhang
Buckwheat is an important minor crop with pharmaceutical functions due to rutin enrichment in the seed. Seeds of common buckwheat cultivars (Fagopyrum esculentum, Fes) usually have much lower rutin content than tartary buckwheat (F. tartaricum, Ft). We previously found a wild species of common buckwheat (F. esculentum ssp. ancestrale, Fea), with seeds that are high in rutin, similar to Ft. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism by which rutin production varies among different buckwheat cultivars, Fea, a Ft variety (Xide) and a Fes variety (No...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246491/impact-of-loss-of-soat2-function-on-disease-progression-in-the-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficient-mouse
#15
Adam M Lopez, Jen-Chieh Chuang, Stephen D Turley
Although only a small proportion of cholesterol in the body is esterified, in several diseases marked expansion of the esterified cholesterol (EC) pool occurs. These include Wolman disease (WD) and Cholesteryl Ester Storage Disease (CESD) which both result from mutations in LIPA, the gene that encodes lysosomal acid lipase (LAL). The respective contributions that our three cholesterol esterifying enzymes make to EC production, especially in disorders like CESD, are not well defined. The current studies represent a detailed exploration of our earlier findings in young male LAL-deficient mice also missing sterol-O-acyltransferase 2 (SOAT2, also called ACAT2)...
December 12, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243390/aquaporin-4-blockade-improves-survival-of-murine-heart-allografts-subjected-to-prolonged-cold-ischemia
#16
Katayoun Ayasoufi, Naoki Kohei, Michael Nicosia, Ran Fan, George W Farr, Paul R McGuirk, Marc F Pelletier, Robert L Fairchild, Anna Valujskikh
Prolonged cold ischemia storage (CIS) is a leading risk factor for poor transplant outcome. Existing strategies strive to minimize IRI in transplanted organs, yet there is a need for novel approaches to improve outcomes of marginal allografts and expand the pool of donor organs suitable for transplantation. Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of water channels that facilitate homeostasis, tissue injury and inflammation. We tested whether inhibition of AQP4 improves the survival of fully MHC-mismatched murine cardiac allografts subjected to 8 h CIS...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227988/fire-frequency-drives-decadal-changes-in-soil-carbon-and-nitrogen-and-ecosystem-productivity
#17
Adam F A Pellegrini, Anders Ahlström, Sarah E Hobbie, Peter B Reich, Lars P Nieradzik, A Carla Staver, Bryant C Scharenbroch, Ari Jumpponen, William R L Anderegg, James T Randerson, Robert B Jackson
Fire frequency is changing globally and is projected to affect the global carbon cycle and climate. However, uncertainty about how ecosystems respond to decadal changes in fire frequency makes it difficult to predict the effects of altered fire regimes on the carbon cycle; for instance, we do not fully understand the long-term effects of fire on soil carbon and nutrient storage, or whether fire-driven nutrient losses limit plant productivity. Here we analyse data from 48 sites in savanna grasslands, broadleaf forests and needleleaf forests spanning up to 65 years, during which time the frequency of fires was altered at each site...
December 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205285/vitamin-b12-association-with-mabs-mechanism-and-potential-mitigation-strategies
#18
Cheng Du, Robert Martin, Yunping Huang, Ameya Borwankar, Zhijun Tan, Jay West, Nripen Singh, Michael Borys, Sanchayita Ghose, Richard Ludwig, Li Tao, Zheng Jian Li
Process control for manufacturing biologics is critical for ensuring product quality, safety and lot to lot consistency of therapeutic proteins. In this study, we investigated the root cause of the pink coloration observed for various in-process pools and drug substances in the antibody manufacturing process. Vitamin B12 is covalently bound to mAbs via a cobalt-sulfur coordinate bond via the cysteine residues. The vitamin B12 was identified to attach to an IgG4 molecule at cysteine residues on light chain (Cys-214), and heavy chain (Cys-134, Cys-321, Cys-367 and Cys-425)...
December 2, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196949/accuracy-and-eligibility-of-cbct-to-digitize-dental-plaster-casts
#19
Kathrin Becker, Ulf Schmücker, Frank Schwarz, Dieter Drescher
OBJECTIVES: Software-based dental planning requires digital casts and oftentimes cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) radiography. However, buying a dedicated model digitizing device can be expensive and might not be required. The present study aimed to assess whether digital models derived from CBCT and models digitized using a dedicated optical device are of comparable accuracy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 20 plaster casts were digitized with eight CBCT and five optical model digitizers...
December 2, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190353/is-the-scaling-relationship-between-carbohydrate-storage-and-leaf-biomass-in-meadow-plants-affected-by-the-disturbance-regime
#20
Jitka Klimešová, Štepán Janecek, Alena Bartušková, Michael Bartoš, Jan Altman, Jirí Doležal, Vojtech Lanta, Vít Latzel
Background and Aims: Below-ground carbohydrate storage is considered an adaptation of plants aimed at regeneration after disturbance. A theoretical model by Iwasa and Kubo was empirically tested which predicted (1) that storage of carbohydrates scales allometrically with leaf biomass and (2) when the disturbance regime is relaxed, the ratio of storage to leaf biomass increases, as carbohydrates are not depleted by disturbance. Methods: These ideas were tested on nine herbaceous species from a temperate meadow and the disturbance regime was manipulated to create recently abandoned and mown plots...
November 28, 2017: Annals of Botany
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