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Congestive heart failure compression

Pasquale Giugliano, Francesco Massoni, Antonello Crisci, Serafino Ricci
Lesions of the digestive tract due to barotrauma resulting from compressed air application are not common, are rarely lethal, and largely affect the sigmoid and descending colon. Moreover, their pathogenic mechanism is a topic of discussion because these lesions have multiple characteristics. Here, the authors describe an autoptic case of death from lesions of the ascending and transverse segments, with perforations and bleeding suffusions as well as ischemic areas covered the colonic wall that was extremely thinned, congested, and hemorrhagic, with considerable flattening leading to disappearance of the mucosal folds and with numerous petechial hemorrhages...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Ramin Mahmoodi, Zohreh Habibi, Vahid Heidari, Farideh Nejat
INTRODUCTION: Thrombosis is frequently observed in Galen malformation, but propagation of thrombosis resulting in the disappearance of the aneurysmal malformation is a very rare clinical condition. CASE REPORT: A rare case of spontaneous regression and disappearance of the vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VoGAM) in a pediatric patient with repeated generalized seizure, increased head circumference, and congestive heart failure is recorded. The course of regression from infancy to 8 years of age has been depicted...
April 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Madeline M Vaassen
A variety of conditions result in lower extremity edema, such as deep vein thrombosis, cellulitis, venous stasis insufficiency, and congestive heart failure (CHF). A case study is presented to illustrate the dynamics of the lymphatic system, the pathology of CHF, the importance of obtaining a pretreatment differential diagnosis, and how to implement a safe treatment plan. The patient was a 69-year-old overweight woman with bilateral lower extremity lymphedema of almost equal volume (~9,100 mL) of >2 months' duration...
October 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
Tejeshwar Singh Jugpal, Rashmi Dixit, Samta Lohchab, Anju Garg
Aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva is a rare cardiac abnormality. Unruptured aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva is usually asymptomatic and often discovered incidentally. However, a large aneurysm can, in rare cases, cause compression of the ventricular outflow tract. We report a case of 17-year-old male with congestive right heart failure with a large, partially thrombosed unruptured aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva. The aneurysmal sac was compressing the right ventricular outflow tract causing marked dilatation of the right ventricle and atrium that was confirmed on contrast-enhanced computed tomography imaging...
2015: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Georgios Gkotsis, William C Jennings, Jan Malik, Alexandros Mallios, Kevin Taubman
BACKGROUND: Observation versus ligation of a functional arteriovenous fistula (AVF) after successful renal transplantation (SRT) has been a controversial topic of debate. Congestive heart failure and pulmonary hypertension are common in dialysis patients, and more frequent when vascular access flow is excessive. Renal transplant failure may occur in up to 34% of patients after 5 years, therefore maintaining a moderate flow AVF appears warranted. We review SRT patients with high flow-AVFs (HF-AVF) and clinical signs of heart failure where a modified precision banding procedure was used for access flow reduction...
February 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Tomoko Ishizu, Yasushi Kawakami
Echocardiography is a powerful noninvasive cardiovascular diagnostic tool. In the emergency room, an outpatient setting, and the intensive care unit, physician-performed point-of-care (POC) echocardiography is particularly important to understand the concurrent pathophysiology of unstable patients. In POC echocardiography, the purpose of examination should be clearly decided in advance by performing careful symptom assessment and physical examination, including heart and lung auscultation. In this article, heart failure, cardiac murmur-, ischemic heart disease, and acute pulmonary artery thromboembolism are selected and overviewed to assess the utility of POC cardiovascular ultrasound...
June 2015: Rinsho Byori. the Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
Khadhar Mohamed Sarjun Basha, Vijayanand Palanisamy, Ezhilan Janakiraman, Jacob Jamesraj, Sivakumar Pandian, Suresh Kumar Sangili, Mullasari Ajit Sankardas
We report the successful treatment of a rare case of chronic intrapericardial hematoma which presented with congestive cardiac failure 20 months after aortic valve replacement surgery for severe calcific aortic stenosis. Chest roentgenograph demonstrated paracardiac mass over lower left ventricle border, left pleural effusion and pulmonary venous hypertension. An echocardiographic study demonstrated intrapericardial mass posterolateral to left ventricle compressing left ventricular cavity both during systole and diastole causing septum to bulge into right ventricle...
March 2015: Indian Heart Journal
Piotr Zolnierczyk, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Wlodzimierz Sawicki
This paper describes the case of an 83-year-old patient with hypertension, diabetes, obesity (body mass index - 38), congestive heart failure, and history of cardiac surgery, who was referred for a diagnostic-therapeutic decompression of a large, symptomatic ovarian cyst. Due to anatomical conditions, the only safe way was a transfundal puncture under mini-hysteroscopic and ultrasound guidance. A puncture with aspiration of 300 mL of serous fluid from the cyst was performed without technical problems and complications...
2015: International Journal of Women's Health
Vaughan Washco, Lee Engel, David L Smith, Ross McCarron
BACKGROUND: New onset or acute worsening of bilateral lower extremity swelling is commonly caused by venous congestion from decompensated heart failure, pulmonary disease, liver dysfunction, or kidney insufficiency. A thromboembolic event, lymphatic obstruction, or even external compression of venous flow can also be the culprit. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an 83-year-old male with a history of myelodysplastic syndrome that progressed to acute myeloid leukemia, bipolar disorder, and benign prostatic hypertrophy...
2015: Ochsner Journal
Thomas Schweiger, Konrad Hoetzenecker, Andreas Bacher, Clemens Aigner, Walter Klepetko
Herein we report the case of a 60-year-old female patient who developed severe respiratory failure after right-sided pneumonectomy starting 2 hours after uneventful surgery. A computed tomographic scan revealed a completely congested left lower lobe. The underlying pathomechanism of this unique finding was a kinking effect of the left lower lobe vein over the descending aorta, caused by the shifting of the heart toward the right side. Even with immediate reintubation and aggressive ventilation it was impossible to stabilize the patient and therefore an extracorporal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) had to be implanted...
March 2015: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Frederik Hendrik Verbrugge, Lars Grieten, Wilfried Mullens
BACKGROUND: The management of the cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) in decompensated heart failure (HF) is challenging, with high-quality evidence lacking. SUMMARY: The pathophysiology of CRS in decompensated HF is complex, with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and urine output representing different aspects of kidney function. GFR depends on structural factors (number of functional nephrons and integrity of the glomerular membrane) versus hemodynamic alterations (volume status, renal perfusion, arterial blood pressure, central venous pressure or intra-abdominal pressure) and neurohumoral activation...
December 2014: Cardiorenal Medicine
Patricia D Crawley, William Jeremy Mahlow, D Russell Huntsinger, Swara Afiniwala, Dale C Wortham
Giant coronary artery aneurysms are rare, with a reported prevalence of 0.02% to 0.2%. Causative factors include atherosclerosis, Takayasu arteritis, congenital disorders, Kawasaki disease, and percutaneous coronary intervention. Most giant coronary artery aneurysms are asymptomatic, but some patients present with angina pectoris, sudden death, fistula formation, pericardial tamponade, compression of surrounding structures, or congestive heart failure. Clinical sequelae include thrombus formation, embolization, fistula formation, and rupture...
December 2014: Texas Heart Institute Journal
Benjamin F Dessauvagie, Patrick H Lai, Ebo Oost, Anitha Thomas, Colin J R Stewart
Primary carcinoid tumors of the ovary are rare accounting for only 1% of neoplasms that are associated with the carcinoid syndrome. However, the carcinoid syndrome can occur in the absence of hepatic metastases due to the release of vasoactive peptides directly into the systemic circulation via the ovarian vein. We present a 69-yr-old woman presenting with carcinoid valvular disease and congestive cardiac failure who was found to have a primary left ovarian carcinoid tumor. At operation it was noted that the left ovarian vein had an unusually firm and thickened appearance, and histologic examination revealed marked fibromuscular medial hypertrophy with luminal compression...
January 2015: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Kelly Welker, Shimoni Dharia
Pleural Student/Resident Case Report PostersSESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Spontaneous chylothorax is a rare cause of pleural effusions outside of the neonatal period. A case of traumatic chylothorax and spinal contusion in a toddler is described without any overt signs of injury.CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy fifteen month female presented to the emergency room with inability to bear weight. Earlier that day, she played in a bounce house and upon returning home she could not ambulate...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Amitai Bickel, Alexander Shturman, Michael Sergeiev, Shimon Ivry, Arieh Eitan, Shaul Atar
BACKGROUND: Pneumatic leg sleeves are widely used after prolonged operations for prevention of venous stasis. In healthy volunteers they increase cardiac function. We evaluated the hemodynamic effects and safety of intermittent sequential pneumatic compression (ISPC) leg sleeves in patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 19 patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction and CHF. ISPC leg sleeves, each with 10 air cells, were operated by a computerized compressor, exerting 2 cycles/min...
October 2014: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Akimasa Morisaki, Yasuyuki Kato, Manabu Motoki, Yosuke Takahashi, Shinsuke Nishimura, Toshihiko Shibata
There are no previous reports of rupture of a heterologous pericardial patch after aortic annulus enlargement. Our patient, a 72-year-old Japanese female, presented with congestive heart failure resulting from heart compression from pseudoaneurysm formation in the aortic root. At 57 years of age the patient had undergone replacement of the ascending aorta for Stanford type A acute aortic dissection. At 66 years of age she had undergone aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve, accompanied by enlargement of the aortic annulus using an equine pericardial patch, for severe aortic valve stenosis with a narrow aortic annulus...
2014: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Xiaohui Chen, Tzu-Jen Kao, Jeffrey M Ashe, Gregory Boverman, James E Sabatini, David M Davenport
Poor assessment of hydration status during hemodialysis can lead to under- or over-hydration in patients with consequences of increased morbidity and mortality. In current practice, fluid management is largely based on clinical assessments to estimate dry weight (normal hydration body weight). However, hemodialysis patients usually have co-morbidities that can make the signs of fluid status ambiguous. Therefore, achieving normal hydration status remains a major challenge for hemodialysis therapy. Electrical impedance technology has emerged as a promising method for hydration monitoring due to its non-invasive nature, low cost and ease-of-use...
June 2014: Physiological Measurement
Thomas Schroeter, Nicolas Doll, Sreekumar Subramanian, Friedrich W Mohr, Michael A Borger
Severe tricuspid valve insufficiency causes right atrial dilatation, venous congestion, and reduced atrial contractility, and may eventually lead to right heart failure. We report a case of a patient with severe tricuspid valve insufficiency, right heart failure, and a massively dilated right atrium. The enormously dilated atrium compressed the right lung, resulting in a radiographic appearance of a mediastinal tumor. Tricuspid valve repair and reduction of the right atrium was performed. Follow up examination revealed improvement of liver function, reduced peripheral edema and improved New York Heart Association (NYHA) class...
March 29, 2011: Clinics and Practice
A Dengate, J A Culvenor, K Graham, J A Braddock, R K Churcher
A 13-year-old neutered male Maltese was referred for paroxysms of coughing and cyanosis, with radiographic evidence of bronchial disease and cardiomegaly. Investigation with echocardiography, bronchoscopy, fluoroscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage led to a diagnosis of myxomatous mitral valve degeneration with insufficiency, ISACHC class II heart failure and bronchomalacia with severe left mainstem bronchial collapse. Persistence of intractable cough despite medical therapy prompted placement of a stent in the left mainstem bronchus...
April 2014: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Monica S Chung, Jo Mi Ko, Themistokles Chamogeorgakis, Shelley A Hall, William C Roberts
The Bernheim syndrome has been a topic of discussion for over a century. It has been reported to be caused by severe rightward movement of the ventricular septum resulting in compression of the right ventricular cavity leading to right-sided heart failure without pulmonary congestion. Hemodynamic findings have been described in a few patients with the so-called Bernheim syndrome. We describe a patient in whom the ventricular septum dramatically decreased the size of the right ventricular cavity and yet peak systolic pressures in both the right ventricle and pulmonary trunk were identical...
October 2013: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
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