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Congestive heart failure compression

Ahmet Kürşat Bozkurt, Ozan Onur Balkanay
Incidence and severity of both deep vein thrombosis and chronic venous insufficiency are increased with age. Today, however, the significance of these diseases in the elderly patient population are still poorly comprehended. Although most patients have a history of previous treatment, chronic venous insufficiency is usually encountered in the advanced clinical stage. As a result, there is an increase in mobility restrictions, the need for assistance in daily activities and the risk of falls in elderly patients...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Sibylle Kozek-Langenecker, Christian Fenger-Eriksen, Emmanuel Thienpont, Giedrius Barauskas
: The risk for postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is increased in patients aged more than 70 years and in elderly patients presenting with co-morbidities, for example cardiovascular disorders, malignancy or renal insufficiency. Therefore, risk stratification, correction of modifiable risks and sustained perioperative thromboprophylaxis are essential in this patient population. Timing and dosing of pharmacoprophylaxis may be adopted from the non-aged population. Direct oral anti-coagulants are effective and well tolerated in the elderly; statins may not replace pharmacological thromboprophylaxis...
September 9, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Michael R Pinsky
The hemodynamic effects of ventilation can be grouped into three concepts: 1) spontaneous ventilation is exercise; 2) changes in lung volume alter autonomic tone, pulmonary vascular resistance, and can compress the heart in the cardiac fossa; 3) spontaneous inspiratory efforts decrease intrathoracic pressure (ITP) increasing venous return and impeding left ventricular (LV) ejection; whereas positive pressure ventilation decreases venous return and unloads LV ejection. Spontaneous inspiratory efforts may induce acute LV failure and cardiogenic pulmonary edema...
August 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Richard F Knoop, Hans-Juergen Richer-Schrag, Robert Thimme, Andreas Fischer
Background and study aims  Treatment of colorectal polyps in patients undergoing permanent anticoagulation is associated with a significantly increased risk of peri-interventional bleeding. This specifically applies to polyps > 1 cm where endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) with the full-thickness-resection device (FTRD) can be taken into consideration as an alternative approach to classical snare polypectomy. For these indications, EFTR appears to be superior to conventional techniques especially in terms of sufficient hemostasis due to the mechanical tissue compression achieved by the FTRD's integrated Over-The-Scope Clip (OTSC)...
August 2017: Endoscopy International Open
Ronald Bush, Anthony Comerota, Mark Meissner, Joseph D Raffetto, Steven R Hahn, Katherine Freeman
Scope A systematic review of the clinical literature concerning medical management of chronic venous disease with the venoactive therapy Micronized Purified Flavonoid Fraction was conducted in addition to an investigation of the hemodynamics and mechanism of chronic venous disease. Methods The systematic review of the literature focused on the use of Micronized Purified Flavonoid Fraction (diosmin) which has recently become available in the US, in the management of chronic venous disease. The primary goal was to assess the level of evidence of the role of Micronized Purified Flavonoid Fraction in the healing of ulcers, and secondarily on the improvement of the symptoms of chronic venous disease such as edema...
April 2017: Phlebology
C Tayyar Sarioglu, Yasemin Turkekul, Ahmet Arnaz, Emrah Sisli, Yusuf Kenan Yalcinbas, Ayse Sarioglu
Left atrial aneurysm is an extremely rare anomaly, which can be associated with supraventricular arrhythmia, compression of coronary arteries, intracardiac thrombus, life-threatening systemic embolization, pulmonary venous obstruction, mitral valve insufficiency, and congestive heart failure. Herein, we report a four-year-old boy who had a giant aneurysm of the left atrium and severe mitral regurgitation. The aneurysm and mitral valve cleft causing severe mitral regurgitation were successfully repaired.
December 12, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Salvatore Saporito, Silviu Dovancescu, Ingeborg H F Herold, Harrie C M van den Bosch, Hans C van Assen, Ronald M Aarts, Hendrikus H M Korsten, Massimo Mischi
Heart failure is marked by frequent hospital admissions, often as a consequence of pulmonary congestion. Current gold standard techniques for thoracic fluid measurement require invasive heamodynamic access and therefore they are not suitable for continuous monitoring. Changes in thoracic impedance (TI) may enable non-invasive early detection of congestion and prevention of unplanned hospitalizations. However, the usefulness of TI to assess thoracic fluid status is limited by inter-subject variability and by the lack of reliable normalization methods...
January 2017: Physiological Measurement
Pasquale Giugliano, Francesco Massoni, Antonello Crisci, Serafino Ricci
Lesions of the digestive tract due to barotrauma resulting from compressed air application are not common, are rarely lethal, and largely affect the sigmoid and descending colon. Moreover, their pathogenic mechanism is a topic of discussion because these lesions have multiple characteristics. Here, the authors describe an autoptic case of death from lesions of the ascending and transverse segments, with perforations and bleeding suffusions as well as ischemic areas covered the colonic wall that was extremely thinned, congested, and hemorrhagic, with considerable flattening leading to disappearance of the mucosal folds and with numerous petechial hemorrhages...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Ramin Mahmoodi, Zohreh Habibi, Vahid Heidari, Farideh Nejat
INTRODUCTION: Thrombosis is frequently observed in Galen malformation, but propagation of thrombosis resulting in the disappearance of the aneurysmal malformation is a very rare clinical condition. CASE REPORT: A rare case of spontaneous regression and disappearance of the vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VoGAM) in a pediatric patient with repeated generalized seizure, increased head circumference, and congestive heart failure is recorded. The course of regression from infancy to 8 years of age has been depicted...
April 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Madeline M Vaassen
A variety of conditions result in lower extremity edema, such as deep vein thrombosis, cellulitis, venous stasis insufficiency, and congestive heart failure (CHF). A case study is presented to illustrate the dynamics of the lymphatic system, the pathology of CHF, the importance of obtaining a pretreatment differential diagnosis, and how to implement a safe treatment plan. The patient was a 69-year-old overweight woman with bilateral lower extremity lymphedema of almost equal volume (~9,100 mL) of >2 months' duration...
October 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
Tejeshwar Singh Jugpal, Rashmi Dixit, Samta Lohchab, Anju Garg
Aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva is a rare cardiac abnormality. Unruptured aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva is usually asymptomatic and often discovered incidentally. However, a large aneurysm can, in rare cases, cause compression of the ventricular outflow tract. We report a case of 17-year-old male with congestive right heart failure with a large, partially thrombosed unruptured aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva. The aneurysmal sac was compressing the right ventricular outflow tract causing marked dilatation of the right ventricle and atrium that was confirmed on contrast-enhanced computed tomography imaging...
2015: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Georgios Gkotsis, William C Jennings, Jan Malik, Alexandros Mallios, Kevin Taubman
BACKGROUND: Observation versus ligation of a functional arteriovenous fistula (AVF) after successful renal transplantation (SRT) has been a controversial topic of debate. Congestive heart failure and pulmonary hypertension are common in dialysis patients, and more frequent when vascular access flow is excessive. Renal transplant failure may occur in up to 34% of patients after 5 years, therefore maintaining a moderate flow AVF appears warranted. We review SRT patients with high flow-AVFs (HF-AVF) and clinical signs of heart failure where a modified precision banding procedure was used for access flow reduction...
February 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Tomoko Ishizu, Yasushi Kawakami
Echocardiography is a powerful noninvasive cardiovascular diagnostic tool. In the emergency room, an outpatient setting, and the intensive care unit, physician-performed point-of-care (POC) echocardiography is particularly important to understand the concurrent pathophysiology of unstable patients. In POC echocardiography, the purpose of examination should be clearly decided in advance by performing careful symptom assessment and physical examination, including heart and lung auscultation. In this article, heart failure, cardiac murmur-, ischemic heart disease, and acute pulmonary artery thromboembolism are selected and overviewed to assess the utility of POC cardiovascular ultrasound...
June 2015: Rinsho Byori. the Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
Khadhar Mohamed Sarjun Basha, Vijayanand Palanisamy, Ezhilan Janakiraman, Jacob Jamesraj, Sivakumar Pandian, Suresh Kumar Sangili, Mullasari Ajit Sankardas
We report the successful treatment of a rare case of chronic intrapericardial hematoma which presented with congestive cardiac failure 20 months after aortic valve replacement surgery for severe calcific aortic stenosis. Chest roentgenograph demonstrated paracardiac mass over lower left ventricle border, left pleural effusion and pulmonary venous hypertension. An echocardiographic study demonstrated intrapericardial mass posterolateral to left ventricle compressing left ventricular cavity both during systole and diastole causing septum to bulge into right ventricle...
March 2015: Indian Heart Journal
Piotr Zolnierczyk, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Wlodzimierz Sawicki
This paper describes the case of an 83-year-old patient with hypertension, diabetes, obesity (body mass index - 38), congestive heart failure, and history of cardiac surgery, who was referred for a diagnostic-therapeutic decompression of a large, symptomatic ovarian cyst. Due to anatomical conditions, the only safe way was a transfundal puncture under mini-hysteroscopic and ultrasound guidance. A puncture with aspiration of 300 mL of serous fluid from the cyst was performed without technical problems and complications...
2015: International Journal of Women's Health
Vaughan Washco, Lee Engel, David L Smith, Ross McCarron
BACKGROUND: New onset or acute worsening of bilateral lower extremity swelling is commonly caused by venous congestion from decompensated heart failure, pulmonary disease, liver dysfunction, or kidney insufficiency. A thromboembolic event, lymphatic obstruction, or even external compression of venous flow can also be the culprit. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an 83-year-old male with a history of myelodysplastic syndrome that progressed to acute myeloid leukemia, bipolar disorder, and benign prostatic hypertrophy...
2015: Ochsner Journal
Thomas Schweiger, Konrad Hoetzenecker, Andreas Bacher, Clemens Aigner, Walter Klepetko
Herein we report the case of a 60-year-old female patient who developed severe respiratory failure after right-sided pneumonectomy starting 2 hours after uneventful surgery. A computed tomographic scan revealed a completely congested left lower lobe. The underlying pathomechanism of this unique finding was a kinking effect of the left lower lobe vein over the descending aorta, caused by the shifting of the heart toward the right side. Even with immediate reintubation and aggressive ventilation it was impossible to stabilize the patient and therefore an extracorporal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) had to be implanted...
March 2015: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Frederik Hendrik Verbrugge, Lars Grieten, Wilfried Mullens
BACKGROUND: The management of the cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) in decompensated heart failure (HF) is challenging, with high-quality evidence lacking. SUMMARY: The pathophysiology of CRS in decompensated HF is complex, with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and urine output representing different aspects of kidney function. GFR depends on structural factors (number of functional nephrons and integrity of the glomerular membrane) versus hemodynamic alterations (volume status, renal perfusion, arterial blood pressure, central venous pressure or intra-abdominal pressure) and neurohumoral activation...
December 2014: Cardiorenal Medicine
Patricia D Crawley, William Jeremy Mahlow, D Russell Huntsinger, Swara Afiniwala, Dale C Wortham
Giant coronary artery aneurysms are rare, with a reported prevalence of 0.02% to 0.2%. Causative factors include atherosclerosis, Takayasu arteritis, congenital disorders, Kawasaki disease, and percutaneous coronary intervention. Most giant coronary artery aneurysms are asymptomatic, but some patients present with angina pectoris, sudden death, fistula formation, pericardial tamponade, compression of surrounding structures, or congestive heart failure. Clinical sequelae include thrombus formation, embolization, fistula formation, and rupture...
December 2014: Texas Heart Institute Journal
Benjamin F Dessauvagie, Patrick H Lai, Ebo Oost, Anitha Thomas, Colin J R Stewart
Primary carcinoid tumors of the ovary are rare accounting for only 1% of neoplasms that are associated with the carcinoid syndrome. However, the carcinoid syndrome can occur in the absence of hepatic metastases due to the release of vasoactive peptides directly into the systemic circulation via the ovarian vein. We present a 69-yr-old woman presenting with carcinoid valvular disease and congestive cardiac failure who was found to have a primary left ovarian carcinoid tumor. At operation it was noted that the left ovarian vein had an unusually firm and thickened appearance, and histologic examination revealed marked fibromuscular medial hypertrophy with luminal compression...
January 2015: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
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