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Xuelian Guo, Chao Yu, Le Luo, Huihua Wan, Yushu Li, Jia Wang, Tangren Cheng, Huitang Pan, Qixiang Zhang
The floral transition is a crucial developmental event, but little is known about the underlying regulatory networks in seasonally and continuously flowering roses. In this study, we compared the genetic basis of flowering in two rose species, Rosa chinensis 'Old Blush', which flowers continuously, and R. odorata var. gigantea, which blooms in early spring. Gene ontology (GO) terms related to methylation, light reaction, and starch metabolism were enriched in R. odorata var. gigantea and terms associated with sugar metabolism were enriched in R...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Dongsheng Chen, Xiangxiang Zhu, Lijuan Zhou, Jian Wang, Xiaoqian Tao, Shuang Wang, Fuling Sun, Xianzhao Kan, Zhengqi Han, Yuelin Gu
Emerging evidence supports that stem cells are regulated by both intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms. However, factors that determine the fate of stem cells remain incompletely understood. The Drosophila testis provides an exclusive powerful model in searching for potential important regulatory factors and their underlying mechanisms for controlling the fate of germline stem cells (GSCs). In this study, we have found that Drosophila gilgamesh (gish), which encodes a homologue of human CK1-γ (casein kinase 1-gamma), is required intrinsically for GSC maintenance...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Daniel I Poppleton, Magalie Duchateau, Véronique Hourdel, Mariette Matondo, Jennifer Flechsler, Andreas Klingl, Christophe Beloin, Simonetta Gribaldo
Veillonella parvula is a biofilm-forming commensal found in the lungs, vagina, mouth, and gastro-intestinal tract of humans, yet it may develop into an opportunistic pathogen. Furthermore, the presence of Veillonella has been associated with the development of a healthy immune system in infants. Veillonella belongs to the Negativicutes, a diverse clade of bacteria that represent an evolutionary enigma: they phylogenetically belong to Gram-positive (monoderm) Firmicutes yet maintain an outer membrane (OM) with lipopolysaccharide similar to classic Gram-negative (diderm) bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Sumit Bam Shrestha, Qing Song
Stability is a key issue during spiking neural network training using SpikeProp. The inherent nonlinearity of Spiking Neuron means that the learning manifold changes abruptly; therefore, we need to carefully choose the learning steps at every instance. Other sources of instability are the external disturbances that come along with training sample as well as the internal disturbances that arise due to modeling imperfection. The unstable learning scenario can be indirectly observed in the form of surges, which are sudden increases in the learning cost and are a common occurrence during SpikeProp training...
July 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Sara Ahmadi-Abhari, Maria Guzman-Castillo, Piotr Bandosz, Martin J Shipley, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mika Kivimäki, Andrew Steptoe, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty, Eric J Brunner
Objective To forecast dementia prevalence with a dynamic modelling approach that integrates calendar trends in dementia incidence with those for mortality and cardiovascular disease.Design Modelling study.Setting General adult population of England and Wales.Participants The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) is a representative panel study with six waves of data across 2002-13. Men and women aged 50 or more years, selected randomly, and their cohabiting partners were recruited to the first wave of ELSA (2002-03)...
July 5, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Rachaud Keyes, Paul Scovazzo
A number of proposed applications for ionic liquids (ILs) involve IL/water interfaces, such as chemical separations or drug delivery. Therefore, an understanding of the solubility and micellar behavior ILs in aqueous environments is critical. The anion, bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (Tf2N) promotes water stability and forms water immiscible ILs. This study, therefore, paired the Tf2N-anion with three different classes of IL cations. The three classes examined were 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazoliums (Rmim), alkyl-trimethylammoniums (CTA), and bulky ammoniums (BAM)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Chao Xie, Zhen Xuan Yeo, Marie Wong, Jason Piper, Tao Long, Ewen F Kirkness, William H Biggs, Ken Bloom, Stephen Spellman, Cynthia Vierra-Green, Colleen Brady, Richard H Scheuermann, Amalio Telenti, Sally Howard, Suzanne Brewerton, Yaron Turpaz, J Craig Venter
The HLA gene complex on human chromosome 6 is one of the most polymorphic regions in the human genome and contributes in large part to the diversity of the immune system. Accurate typing of HLA genes with short-read sequencing data has historically been difficult due to the sequence similarity between the polymorphic alleles. Here, we introduce an algorithm, xHLA, that iteratively refines the mapping results at the amino acid level to achieve 99-100% four-digit typing accuracy for both class I and II HLA genes, taking only [Formula: see text]3 min to process a 30× whole-genome BAM file on a desktop computer...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Piao He, Le Wu, Jinting Wu, Qianyou Wang, Zhimin Li, Michael Gozin, Jianguo Zhang
A series of nitrogen-rich energetic salts of 1,1'-dinitramino-5,5'-bistetrazolate (DNABT) guanidinium (1), aminoguanidinium (2), diaminoguanidinium (3), triaminoguanidinium (4), diaminouronium (5), 3,4-diamino-1,2,4-triazolium (6) and ethylenediammonium (7) were synthesized by a metathesis strategy, and characterized by elemental analysis, MS and IR spectroscopy, single crystal X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The natural bond orbitals (NBO) and electrostatic potential (ESP) were further computed for a better understanding of the structures for DNABT molecule...
June 30, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Brian A MacVicar, Hyun Beom Choi
It is an honour to have this opportunity write an article in recognition of the immense contributions of Bruce Ransom to the field of glial research. For me (BAM) personally there are many highlights both as a colleague and a friend that come to mind when I reflect on the many years that I have known Bruce. My own entry into the glial field was inspired by the early work by Ransom and his lab showing the sensitivity of astrocytes to neuronal activity. During my PhD and postdoctoral research I read these early papers and was inspired to ask the question when I first set up my independent lab in 1983: what if astrocytes also express some of the multitude of ion channels or transmitter receptors that were beginning to be described in neurons? Could they modify neuronal excitability during seizures or behaviour? As it turned out this was not only true but glial-neuronal interactions continues to be a growing and exciting field that I am still working in...
June 29, 2017: Neurochemical Research
Weiam Daear, Mark Mahadeo, Elmar J Prenner
Brewster angle microscopy (BAM) is a powerful technique that allows for real-time visualization of Langmuir monolayers. The lateral organization of these films can be investigated, including phase separation and the formation of domains, which may be of different sizes and shapes depending on the properties of the monolayer. Different molecules or small changes within a molecule such as the molecule's length or presence of a double bond can alter the monolayer's lateral organization that is usually undetected using surface pressure-area isotherms...
June 26, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Xin Ding, Yuhua Wang
In this work, we synthesized a new Eu(2+)-doped oxide-matrix-based LiBa12(BO3)7F4 broad red emission phosphor. It can emit red light peaking at ∼644 nm under NUV excitation with the coordinate at (0.6350, 0.3586) and a sensitive color gamut for eyes. This phosphor with a special kind of tunnel crystal structure and layered distribution of Ba(2+) is contributed to longer wavelength emission. By theoretical calculation and analysis using local state density energy band structure simulation of Eu(2+) doped in different site, the origin of the observed emission center was distinguished...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kaisa Kerminen, Ville Salovaara, Merja Hannele Kontro
The pesticide atrazine, its degradation products, and 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) are persistent in groundwater environment. We studied whether their dissipation can be enhanced with a mixture of a complex carbon source and zero-valent iron (ZVI) called EHC®. The application rates were 1.0% and 2.0% (by weight) in subsurface sediments slurries (atrazine 30mg/L), and 2.0% in 1.5m pilot-scale sediment columns with groundwater flowing through (atrazine 0.08, desethylatrazine DEA 0.03, BAM 0.02μg/L). In the slurries under aerobic conditions, atrazine of 0...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Dwarakanath Ravikumar, Parikhit Sinha
With utility-scale photovoltaic(PV) projects increasingly developed in dry and dust-prone geographies with high solar insolation, there is a critical need to analyze the impacts of PV installations on the resulting particulate-matter(PM) concentrations which have environmental and health impacts. This study is the first to quantify the impact of a utility-scale PV plant on PM concentrations downwind of the project site. Background, construction and post-construction PM2.5 and PM10 concentration data are collected from four beta attenuation monitor(BAM) stations over 3 years...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Xingcheng Zhang, Hualin Xiong, Hongwei Yang, Guangbin Cheng
5-Amino-4,6-dinitro-1,3-dihydroxy-benzene (6) was synthesized through the ring-opening reaction of macrocyclic compound 4 with the aid of VNS (vicarious nucleophilic substitution of hydrogen) reaction conditions. The mechanism of ring opening of macrocyclic compound 4 was studied. 5-Amino-2,4,6-trinitro-1,3-dihydroxy-benzene (8) was obtained after the nitration of 6 in KNO3 and concentrated sulfuric acid. The thermal stability, sensitivity, and other detonation performances of 6 or 8 were compared to commercially used 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) or 1,3,5-trinitrotriazacyclohexane (RDX), respectively...
June 2017: ChemistryOpen
Jing Wang, Cheng Ling, Jingyang Gao
Many structural variations (SVs) detection methods have been proposed due to the popularization of next-generation sequencing (NGS). These SV calling methods use different SV-property-dependent features; however, they all suffer from poor accuracy when running on low coverage sequences. The union of results from these tools achieves fairly high sensitivity but still produces low accuracy on low coverage sequence data. That is, these methods contain many false positives. In this paper, we present CNNdel, an approach for calling deletions from paired-end reads...
2017: BioMed Research International
Istvan Botos, Nicholas Noinaj, Susan K Buchanan
The bacterial outer membrane contains phospholipids in the inner leaflet and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the outer leaflet. Both proteins and LPS must be frequently inserted into the outer membrane to preserve its integrity. The protein complex that inserts LPS into the outer membrane is called LptDE, and consists of an integral membrane protein, LptD, with a separate globular lipoprotein, LptE, inserted in the barrel lumen. The protein complex that inserts newly synthesized outer-membrane proteins (OMPs) into the outer membrane is called the BAM complex, and consists of an integral membrane protein, BamA, plus four lipoproteins, BamB, C, D and E...
August 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Z J Sun, K Okafor, S Isa
In photon activation, same element may be activated by the bremsstrahlung beam through different nuclear reaction channels and produce different radioisotopes. These radioisotopes follow their own decay schemes and generate characteristic gamma rays. This phenomenon usually is an interference in spectra analysis, but it also offers a theoretical feasibility to determine the concentration of one element through different reaction channels. To realize this theoretical feasibility, we conducted series of photon activation experiments with sample and reference of known concentrations...
June 13, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Lea Ellegaard-Jensen, Benjamin Horemans, Bart Raes, Jens Aamand, Lars Hestbjerg Hansen
The pesticide metabolite 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) is very persistent in both soil and groundwater and has become one of the most frequently detected groundwater micropollutants. BAM is not removed by the physico-chemical treatment techniques currently used in drinking water treatment plants (DWTP); therefore, if concentrations exceed the legal threshold limit, it represents a sizeable problem for the stability and quality of drinking water production, especially in places that depend on groundwater for drinking water...
July 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Ora Hazak, Benjamin Brandt, Pietro Cattaneo, Julia Santiago, Antia Rodriguez-Villalon, Michael Hothorn, Christian S Hardtke
Arabidopsis root development is orchestrated by signaling pathways that consist of different CLAVATA3/EMBRYO SURROUNDING REGION (CLE) peptide ligands and their cognate CLAVATA (CLV) and BARELY ANY MERISTEM (BAM) receptors. How and where different CLE peptides trigger specific morphological or physiological changes in the root is poorly understood. Here, we report that the receptor-like protein CLAVATA 2 (CLV2) and the pseudokinase CORYNE (CRN) are necessary to fully sense root-active CLE peptides. We uncover BAM3 as the CLE45 receptor in the root and biochemically map its peptide binding surface...
June 12, 2017: EMBO Reports
Juliette Mathieu, Jean-René Huynh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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