keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emergency Medicin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727258/changing-systems-through-effective-teams-a-role-for-simulation
#1
Elizabeth D Rosenman, Rosemarie Fernandez, Ambrose H Wong, Michael Cassara, Dylan D Cooper, Maybelle Kou, Torrey A Laack, Ivette Motola, Jessica R Parsons, Benjamin R Levine, James A Grand
Teams are the building blocks of the healthcare system, with growing evidence linking the quality of health care to team effectiveness, and team effectiveness to team training. Simulation has been identified as an effective modality for team training and assessment. Despite this, there are gaps in methodology, measurement, and implementation that prevent maximizing the impact of simulation modalities on team performance. As part of the 2017 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference "Catalyzing System Change through Health Care Simulation: Systems, Competency, and Outcomes," we explored the impact of simulation on various aspects of team effectiveness...
July 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727174/alkaline-phosphatase-discovery-and-naming-of-our-favorite-enzyme
#2
Alejandro F Siller, Michael P Whyte
Alkaline phosphatase can be considered "our favorite enzyme" for reasons apparent to those who diagnose and treat metabolic bone diseases or who study skeletal biology. Few might know, however, that alkaline phosphatase likely represents the most frequently assayed enzyme in all of Medicine. Elevated activity in the circulation is universally recognized as a marker for skeletal or hepatobiliary disease. Nevertheless, the assay conditions in many ways are non-physiological. The term alkaline phosphatase emerged when it became necessary to distinguish "bone phosphatase" from the phosphatase in the prostate that features an acidic pH optimum...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726968/evaluation-of-spectral-photon-counting-computed-tomography-k-edge-imaging-for-determination-of-gold-nanoparticle-biodistribution-in-vivo
#3
Salim Si-Mohamed, David P Cormode, Daniel Bar-Ness, Monica Sigovan, Pratap C Naha, Jean-Baptiste Langlois, Lara Chalabreysse, Philippe Coulon, Ira Blevis, Ewald Roessl, Klaus Erhard, Loic Boussel, Philippe Douek
Spectral photon counting computed tomography (SPCCT) is an emerging medical imaging technology. SPCCT scanners record the energy of incident photons, which allows specific detection of contrast agents due to measurement of their characteristic X-ray attenuation profiles. This approach is known as K-edge imaging. Nanoparticles formed from elements such as gold, bismuth or ytterbium have been reported as potential contrast agents for SPCCT imaging. Furthermore, gold nanoparticles have many applications in medicine, such as adjuvants for radiotherapy and photothermal ablation...
July 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726574/rise-of-the-pigs-utilization-of-the-porcine-model-to-study-musculoskeletal-biomechanics-and-tissue-engineering-during-skeletal-growth
#4
Stephanie G Cone, Paul B Warren, Matthew B Fisher
Large animal models play an essential role in the study of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine as well as biomechanics.  The porcine model has been increasingly used to study the musculoskeletal system, including specific joints, such as the knee and temporomandibular joints, and tissues, such as bone, cartilage, and ligaments. In particular, pigs have been utilized to evaluate the role of skeletal growth on the biomechanics and engineered replacements of these joints and tissues. In this review, we explore the publication history of the use of pig models in biomechanics, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine studies, discuss inter-species comparative studies, highlight studies on the effect of skeletal growth and other biological considerations in the porcine model, and present challenges and emerging opportunities for using this model to study functional tissue engineering and regenerative medicine...
July 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726526/integrated-care-coordination-by-an-interprofessional-team-reduces-emergency-department-visits-and-hospitalisations-at-an-academic-health-centre
#5
Anne H Gaglioti, Patrick Barlow, Kate DuChene Thoma, George R Bergus
People with chronic behavioural and physical health conditions have higher healthcare costs and mortality rates than patients with chronic physical conditions alone. As a result, there has been promotion of integrated care for this group. It is important to train primary care residents to practice in integrated models of care with interprofessional teams and to evaluate the effectiveness of integrated care models to promote high-quality care for this at-risk group. We implemented an integrated, interprofessional care management programme for adults with chronic mental and physical health needs as part of a curriculum for family medicine and family medicine psychiatry residents...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725421/antimicrobial-use-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-escherichia-coli-on-small-and-medium-scale-pig-farms-in-north-eastern-thailand
#6
G Ström, M Halje, D Karlsson, J Jiwakanon, M Pringle, L-L Fernström, U Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Intensification of livestock production seen in many low- and middle-income countries is often believed to be associated with increased use of antimicrobials, and may hence contribute to the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. The aim of this study was to map antimicrobial use on small- (n = 25) and medium-scale (n = 27) pig farms in north-eastern Thailand, and to compare antimicrobial susceptibility of commensal Escherichia coli isolated from sows on these farms. METHODS: Information regarding pig husbandry and antimicrobial treatment regimens was obtained by the use of semi-structured questionnaires...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724709/-caution-this-treatment-is-a-placebo-it-might-work-but-it-might-not-why-emerging-mechanistic-evidence-for-placebo-effects-does-not-legitimise-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-in-sport
#7
EDITORIAL
Chris Beedie, Greg Whyte, Andrew M Lane, Emma Cohen, John Raglin, Phil Hurst, Damian Coleman, Abby Foad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724568/bet-2-poor-evidence-on-whether-teaching-cognitive-debiasing-or-cognitive-forcing-strategies-lead-to-a-reduction-in-errors-attributable-to-cognition-in-emergency-medicine-students-or-doctors
#8
Govind Oliver, Gopal Oliver, Rick Body
A short review was carried out to see if teaching cognitive forcing strategies reduces cognitive error in the practice of emergency medicine. Two relevant papers were found using the described search strategy. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. There is currently little evidence that teaching cognitive forcing strategies reduces cognitive error in the practice of emergency medicine.
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724567/towards-evidence-based-emergency-medicine-best-bets-from-the-manchester-royal-infirmary
#9
Janos Baombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#10
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723615/nanoformulations-of-curcumin-an-emerging-paradigm-for-improved-remedial-application
#11
REVIEW
Meeta Gera, Neelesh Sharma, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Do Luong Huynh, Sung Jin Lee, Taesun Min, Taeho Kwon, Dong Kee Jeong
Curcumin is a natural polyphenol and essential curcuminoid derived from the rhizome of the medicinal plant Curcuma longa (L.) is universally acknowledged as "Wonder drug of life". It is a vital consumable and restorative herb, commonly keened for several ailments such as cancer, arthritis, pain, bruises, gastrointestinal quandaries, swelling and much more. Despite its enormous curative potential, the poor aqueous solubility and consequently, minimal systemic bioavailability with rapid degradation are some of the major factors which restrict the utilization of curcumin at medical perspective...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723415/pharmacology-of-human-trace-amine-associated-receptors-therapeutic-opportunities-and-challenges
#12
REVIEW
Mark D Berry, Raul R Gainetdinov, Marius C Hoener, Mohammed Shahid
The discovery in 2001 of a G protein-coupled receptor family, subsequently termed trace amine-associated receptors (TAAR), triggered a resurgence of interest in so-called trace amines. Initial optimism quickly faded, however, as the TAAR family presented a series of challenges preventing the use of standard medicinal chemistry and pharmacology technologies. Consequently the development of basic tools for probing TAAR and translating findings from model systems to humans has been problematic. Despite these challenges the last 5 years have seen considerable advances, in particular with respect to TAAR1, which appears to function as an endogenous rheostat, maintaining central neurotransmission within defined physiological limits, in part through receptor heterodimerization yielding biased signaling outputs...
July 16, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723197/in-vivo-biosensing-progress-and-perspectives
#13
Guoxin Rong, Simon R Corrie, Heather A Clark
In vivo biosensors are emerging as powerful tools in biomedical research and diagnostic medicine. Distinct from "labels" or "imaging", in vivo biosensors are designed for continuous and long-term monitoring of target analytes in real biological systems and should be selective, sensitive, reversible and biocompatible. Due to the challenges associated with meeting all of the analytical requirements, we found relatively few reports of research groups demonstrating devices that meet the strict definition in vivo...
March 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722334/potential-emerging-treatment-in-vitiligo-using-er-yag-in-combination-with-5fu-and-clobetasol
#14
Fatemeh Mokhtari, Anis Bostakian, Zabihollah Shahmoradi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Fariba Iraji, Gita Faghihi, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Behzad Bafandeh
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a pigmentary disorder of skin affecting at least 1% of the world population of all races in both sexes. Its importance is mainly due to subsequent social and psychological problems rather than clinical complications. Various treatment choices are available for vitiligo; however, laser-based courses have shown to give more acceptable results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy of Er:YAG laser as a supplementary medicine to topical 5FU and clobetasol in vitiligo patients...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722202/medical-residents-circadian-preferences-across-specialties
#15
Anthony L Chin-Quee, Kathleen Yaremchuk
OBJECTIVE: Circadian preference refers to the tendency of individuals to be more alert and effective in the morning (larks) or the evening (owls). Given the rigors of medical residency training and perceived lifestyle differences among specialties, circadian preference may play a role in choice of medical specialty and subsequent job satisfaction during training. This study aimed to determine the circadian preferences of residents across specialties and correlations with specialty choice and job satisfaction...
July 19, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721899/gaps-in-radiation-therapy-awareness-results-from-an-educational-multi-institutional-survey-of-us-internal-medicine-residents
#16
Narek Shaverdian, Sun Mi Yoo, Ryan Cook, Eric M Chang, Naomi Jiang, Ye Yuan, Kiri Sandler, Michael Steinberg, Percy Lee
PURPOSE: Internists and primary care providers play a growing role in cancer care. We therefore evaluated the awareness of radiation therapy in general and specifically the clinical utility of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) among current US internal medicine residents. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A web-based institutional review board-approved multi-institutional survey was distributed to US internal medicine residency programs...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721159/pcsk9-inhibitors-from-discovery-of-a-single-mutation-to-a-groundbreaking-therapy-of-lipid-disorders-in-one-decade
#17
Krzysztof Jaworski, Piotr Jankowski, Dariusz A Kosior
Hypercholesterolemia is one of the main risk factors for coronary heart disease and significantly contributes to the high mortality associated with cardiovascular diseases. Statin therapy represents the gold standard in the reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration. Nevertheless, many patients still cannot achieve the recommended target levels, due to either inadequate effectiveness or intolerance of these drugs. Monoclonal antibodies that inhibit proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) have emerged as a promising option in lipid-lowering treatment...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720403/gradenigo-s-syndrome-a-case-of-a-common-infection-with-uncommon-consequences
#18
Matthew Vitale, Misra Amrit, Rajan Arora, Julie Lata
Acute otitis media is a common diagnosis encountered by emergency medicine providers. With appropriate antibiotic treatment, patients with otitis media, in general, have minimal long-term sequela from their underlying infection (Limb et al., 2017 [1]). However, untreated cases can develop life-threatening complications that require prompt intervention. We report a case of an 8-year-old that developed Gradenigo's syndrome, a condition characterized by the triad of otitis media, facial pain in the distribution of the trigeminal nerve, and abducens nerve palsy (Yeung and Lustig, 2016; Janjua et al...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719482/teaching-incision-and-drainage-perceived-educational-value-of-abscess-models
#19
Cynthia M Adams, Lise E Nigrovic, Gavin Hayes, Peter H Weinstock, Joshua Nagler
OBJECTIVES: Incision and drainage (I&D) of skin abscesses is an important procedural skill for pediatric emergency medicine providers. Practical skills training using simulation provides an opportunity to learn and gain confidence with this invasive procedure. Our objective was to assess the perceived educational value of 2 versions of an abscess model as part of an educational workshop for teaching I&D. METHODS: A combined didactic and practical skills workshop was developed for use at 2 national conferences...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719458/acupuncture-for-chronic-pain-an-update-and-critical-overview
#20
Changshik Yin, Thomas E Buchheit, Jongbae J Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acupuncture is now recommended for several chronic pain conditions. Despite supportive evidence of its effectiveness, this ancient approach is often misunderstood, and may still be underused in mainstream practice. A critical review on its effectiveness and practice integration, and mechanisms of action is essential to the medical community that is continuing to seek nonopioid therapies for chronic pain. RECENT FINDINGS: Mounting evidence supports the effectiveness of acupuncture to treat chronic low back, neck, shoulder, and knee pain, as well as headaches...
July 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
keyword
keyword
109190
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"