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disorders of the lower urinary tract

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436153/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-language-version-of-the-international-consultation-on-incontinence-questionnaire-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-iciq-mluts
#1
Abbas Ali Pourmomeny, Behnaz Ghanei, Farshid Alizadeh
OBJECTIVES: Assessment instruments are essential for research, allowing diagnosis and evaluating treatment outcomes in subjects with lower urinary tract disorders of both genders. The purpose of this study was to translate the Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (MLUTS) Questionnaire and determine its psychometric properties in Persian subjects. METHODS: After getting permission from the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire (ICIQ) web site, the forward and backward translation of the MLUTS questionnaire were carried out by researcher team...
April 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431528/diagnostic-performance-of-the-urinary-canine-calgranulins-in-dogs-with-lower-urinary-or-urogenital-tract-carcinoma
#2
Romy M Heilmann, Elizabeth A McNiel, Niels Grützner, David J Lanerie, Jan S Suchodolski, Jörg M Steiner
BACKGROUND: Onset of canine transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and prostatic carcinoma (PCA) is usually insidious with dogs presenting at an advanced stage of the disease. A biomarker that can facilitate early detection of TCC/PCA and improve patient survival would be useful. S100A8/A9 (calgranulin A/B or calprotectin) and S100A12 (calgranulin C) are expressed by cells of the innate immune system and are associated with several inflammatory disorders. S100A8/A9 is also expressed by epithelial cells after malignant transformation and is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and metastasis...
April 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403593/influence-of-secondary-diagnoses-in-the-development-of-urinary-incontinence-after-radical-prostatectomy
#3
Bárbara Padilla-Fernández, Álvaro Julio Virseda-Rodríguez, Lauro Sebastián Valverde-Martínez, Bruno Jorge Pereira, Hugo Coelho, Maria Tatiana Santos-Antunes, Manuel Montesino-Semper, Carlos Müller-Arteaga, José Luis Álvarez-Ossorio-Fernández, Filippo Migliorini, Ana Lorenzo-Gómez, María Begoña García-Cenador, Patricia Antúnez-Plaza, Juan Miguel Silva-Abuín, María Fernanda Lorenzo-Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To study whether there are factors related to secondary diagnoses (SDg) present in patients with prostate cancer that influence the development of urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective multicenter observational study was performed reviewing the medical records of 430 men who underwent RP due to organ-confined prostate cancer in 9 different hospitals. Two study groups were distinguished: Group A (GA): Patients without urinary incontinence after RP; Group B (GB): patients with any degree of post-surgical urinary incontinence...
March 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394531/-new-opportunities-to-treat-combined-luts-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-premises-and-advantages
#4
Z K Gadzhieva, Yu B Kazilov
This paper provides an overview of studies on the prevalence, pathogenesis and management of combined lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTs) in men. The authors emphasize the role of urodynamic studies in the diagnosis of LUTs in the pre- and postoperative period aimed at the early detection of functional lower urinary tract disorders and selection of the appropriate medical treatment.
April 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381366/nocturnal-incontinence-in-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-fasd-in-a-south-african-cohort
#5
Sylvia Roozen, Leana Olivier, Justine Niemczyk, Alexander von Gontard, Gjalt-Jorn Y Peters, Gerjo Kok, Denis Viljoen, Leopold Curfs
INTRODUCTION: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are one of the leading preventable causes of intellectual disabilities (ID). Not much is known about the topic of pediatric incontinence related to FASD, for example nocturnal enuresis (NE), daytime urinary incontinence (DUI), and fecal incontinence (FI). So far, incontinence problems have been examined among children with other specific syndromes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate the possible presence of incontinence among children with FASD in a South African cohort...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376513/the-role-of-environmental-stress-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#6
Melissa T Sanford, Larissa V Rodriguez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) have been associated with comorbid conditions such as anxiety and depression. In addition, stress appears to influence the development or exacerbation of LUTS. This article seeks to review literature regarding the role of environmental stress on LUTS, focusing on findings presented in the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: Numerous authors have published on the impact early childhood experiences, acute and chronic stress, and psychiatric illness play in the development of LUTS...
May 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375917/urogenital-symptoms-in-neurologic-patients
#7
Jalesh N Panicker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower urinary tract and sexual dysfunction are commonly reported sequelae of neurologic disease and have a significant impact on quality of life. This article presents an up-to-date summary of the clinical presentation, investigations, and treatment options for urogenital dysfunction in patients with neurologic disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The pattern of lower urinary tract dysfunction is influenced by the site of the neurologic lesion. The risk for developing upper urinary tract damage is considerably less in patients with slowly progressive nontraumatic neurologic disorders, as compared to those with spinal cord injury or spina bifida...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361474/metabolic-syndrome-is-predictive-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptom-improvement-after-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-for-benign-prostatic-obstruction
#8
Taekmin Kwon, Sejun Park, Sungchan Park, Kyung Hyun Moon
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of metabolic syndrome (MS) on patient outcomes who underwent holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for benign prostatic obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 151 patients who underwent HoLEP by a single surgeon between March 2012 and March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with MS were assigned to group 1 (n = 33) and patients without MS in group 2 (n = 118). Clinical characteristics and the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), including quality of life (QoL), peak urinary flow rate (Qmax), and postvoid residual urine (PVR), before surgery and 3 months afterward were compared between groups...
March 30, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360952/urogynecological-conditions-associated-with-overactive-bladder-symptoms-in-women
#9
James C Forde, Jonathan L Davila, Brian K Marks, Matthew Epstein, Johnson F Tsui, Jeffrey P Weiss, Jerry G Blaivas
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder symptoms (OAB) affect 9-43% of women and are associated with underlying disorders, including pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of this study is to identify urogynecological conditions associated with OAB symptoms. METHODS: This prospective, institutional review board-approved study included women referred to a tertiary centre with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). All women completed the self-administered OAB questionnaire (OABSS)...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346712/comparison-of-three-methods-to-analyze-detrusor-contraction-during-micturition-in-men-over-50-years-of-age
#10
Celine Ten Donkelaar S, Peter Rosier, Laetitia de Kort
AIMS: To grade detrusor voiding contraction three parameters are used: the Schäfer pressure-flow nomogram (LinPURR), the bladder contractility index (BCI) and the maximum Watt factor (Wmax ). Because these methods to quantify detrusor contraction and/or to diagnose detrusor underactivity (DU) have not yet been mutually compared, this study compares these three methods of grading detrusor contraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evaluated were 1420 urodynamic pressure-flow studies from 1222 men (aged >50 years) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)...
March 27, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343193/role-of-genetic-mutations-in-development-of-immunological-and-clinical-disorders-in-children-with-chronic-pyelonephritis
#11
Vira P Harshman, Tetyana O Kryuchko, Iryna O Kolenko, Tetyana V Kushnereva, Olha Y Tkachenko
INTRODUCTION: At the present time, the study of mechanisms of recognition of foreign agents, which is realized by means of Toll-like receptors (TLR) of the innate immune system, has become one of the main tasks of clinical immunology. The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of polymorphism of Toll-like receptor 4 (Asp299Gly, Gly299Gly) among children with chronic pyelonephritis (CP) and determine the association of this TLR4 polymorphism with phenotypic features of chronic pyelonephritis and level of interleukin-6 (IL-6)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319024/the-prostatic-utricle-an-under-recognized-condition-resulting-in-significant-morbidity-in-boys-with-both-hypospadias-and-normal-external-genitalia
#12
Austin G Hester, Stanley J Kogan
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric presentations of a prostatic utricle have received only scant attention. Though recognized with increased frequency in boys with hypospadias, little is described about their incidence and potential for morbidity in boys with normal external genitalia. METHODS: We initially reviewed a cohort of 64 patients with hypospadias seen over a 3-year period to determine the frequency of investigative lower urinary tract studies and utricle identification...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303335/treatment-selection-for-urolithiasis-percutaneous-nephrolithomy-ureteroscopy-shock-wave-lithotripsy-and-active-monitoring
#13
Mahesh Desai, Yinghao Sun, Noor Buchholz, Andrew Fuller, Tadashi Matsuda, Brian Matlaga, Nicole Miller, Damien Bolton, Mohammad Alomar, Arvind Ganpule
Urolithiasis is a significant worldwide source of morbidity, constituting a common urological disease that affects between 10 and 15% of the world population. Recent technological and surgical advances have replaced the need for open surgery with less invasive procedures. The factors which determine the indications for percutaneous nephrolithotomy include stone factors (stone size, stone composition, and stone location), patient factors (habitus and renal anomalies), and failure of other treatment modalities (ESWL and flexible ureteroscopy)...
March 16, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276068/beneficial-effects-of-lipidic-extracts-of-saladette-tomato-pomace-and-serenoa-repens-on-prostate-and-bladder-health-in-obese-male-wistar-rats
#14
Josué V Espinosa-Juárez, Juventino Iii Colado-Velázquez, Patrick Mailloux-Salinas, Jml Medina-Contreras, P Valentín Correa-López, N L Gómez-Viquez, Fabián Meza-Cuenca, Fengyang Huang, Guadalupe Bravo
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of a number of serious medical conditions, including urological disorders. This study investigated the effect of lipidic extract of Saladette Tomato Pomace (STP) and Serenoa repens (SR) on prostate and bladder in a rat obese model induced by high-carbohydrates diet. RESULTS: High-sucrose fed rats showed higher weight of prostate, increased contractility, stromal and epithelial hyperplasia in prostate. The treatment with STP and SR improved contractility, diminished hyperplasia and hypertrophy in prostate in obesity model...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#15
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261683/botox-combined-with-myofascial-release-physical-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-myofascial-pelvic-pain
#16
Gabriela E Halder, Lauren Scott, Allison Wyman, Nelsi Mora, Branko Miladinovic, Renee Bassaly, Lennox Hoyte
PURPOSE: To report the effects of combined onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) injections and myofascial release physical therapy on myofascial pelvic pain (MFPP) by comparing pre- and posttreatment average pelvic pain scores, trigger points, and patient self-reported pelvic pain. Secondary outcomes were to examine posttreatment complications and determine demographic differences between patients with/without an improvement in pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an Institutional Review Board approved retrospective case series on women over 18 years with MFPP who received Botox and physical therapy between July 2006 and November 2014...
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255769/management-of-device-related-complications-after-sacral-neuromodulation-for-lower-urinary-tract-disorders-in-women-a-single-center-experience
#17
Tilemachos Kavvadias, Markus Huebner, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Christl Reisenauer
PURPOSE: This study is aimed at presenting and discussing the device-related complication management during a 5-year period, of the sacral nerve modulation (SNM), in a tertiary-care university unit. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of all women, who received SNM in our department between May 2011 and May 2016. All two-stage procedures were performed by the same experienced surgeon and according to our strict protocol of patients' selection and follow-up...
March 3, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248039/-association-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-testosterone-deficiency-in-men-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
M I Kogan, I I Belousov, H S Ibishev, A A Cherniy, I A Khripun, S V Vorobyev, D V Sizjakin
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, as a chronic systemic metabolic disease, is widely spread in the population of middle- aged men. Previously it has been proven the link between the presence of type 2 diabetes and the development of lower urinary tract symptoms in men. At the same time, middle-aged men are characterized by the appearance and progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a study of middle-aged men with type 2 diabetes to determine the interrelation of micturition disorders with deficiency of serum testosterone, in respect that the pathophysiology of prostatic hyperplasia is regarded as dysmetabolic dyshormonal state...
December 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248031/-prevalence-of-various-voiding-disorders
#19
Yu B Kazilov, Z K Gadzhieva
The article presents the data of Russian and international epidemiological studies on the prevalence of various lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) among male and female populations. The overall summary of these data highlights the need for the national data on LUTS prevalence, severity and impact on quality of life to project the spending for LUTS management.
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247647/-epidemiology-of-urinary-disorders-in-men-in-the-russian-federation
#20
I A Korneev, T A Alekseeva, M I Kogan, D Yu Pushkar'
AIM: To compare the results of population studies conducted in the Russian Federation to identify the prevalence, severity and risk factors for urinary disorders in men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of a survey of 1083 men were analyzed for the age, weight, height, comorbidities with their signs and symptoms, history of surgery on pelvic organs, copulative disorders, and IPSS and quality of life scores. The findings were compared with the results of a survey of 482 Russian men under the protocol of the International Society of Continence (ICS) aimed to identify patients with overactive bladder (OAB), in whom pollakiuria, nocturia, urgency, urinary incontinence, stress-incontinence, poor flow and terminal dribbling were registered...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
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