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Cognitive and d vitamin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909398/higher-vitamin-d-intake-could-improve-sleep-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#1
Junxin Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2018: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881917/%C3%B0-ffects-of-fortified-milk-on-cognitive-abilities-in-school-aged-children-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Dafina Petrova, María Asunción Bernabeu Litrán, Eduardo García-Mármol, Maria Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Belén Cueto-Martín, Eduardo López-Huertas, Andrés Catena, Juristo Fonollá
BACKGROUND: Micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals and long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential for children's brain development and cognitive functions. The current study investigated whether milk fortified with micronutrients and PUFA can result in improved cognitive function in mainstream school children. METHODS: One-hundred-and-nineteen children (age 8-14, 58 boys) were randomly allocated to a fortified milk group or a regular full milk control group...
June 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865062/which-risk-factors-causally-influence-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-mendelian-randomization-studies
#3
Elżbieta Kuźma, Eilis Hannon, Ang Zhou, Ilianna Lourida, Alison Bethel, Deborah A Levine, Katie Lunnon, Jo Thompson-Coon, Elina Hyppönen, David J Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: Numerous risk factors for dementia are well established, though the causal nature of these associations remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review Mendelian randomization (MR) studies investigating causal relationships between risk factors and global cognitive function or dementia. METHODS: We searched five databases from inception to February 2017 and conducted citation searches including MR studies investigating the association between any risk factor and global cognitive function, all-cause dementia or dementia subtypes...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843832/maternal-vitamin-d-concentrations-are-associated-with-faster-childhood-reaction-time-and-response-speed-but-not-with-motor-fluency-and-flexibility-at-the-age-of-5-6-years-the-amsterdam-born-children-and-their-development-abcd-study
#4
Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Edith J M Feskens
About 57 % of the pregnant European women have 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations below 50 nmol/l. However, as data on the impact of gestational vitamin D deficiency on maternal and fetal health are limited, the WHO does not advocate vitamin D supplementation as part of routine antenatal care. We explored associations between first trimester maternal 25(OH)D status and childhood cognition at 5-6 years of age (n 1854, primarily Caucasian). Median serum 25(OH)D was determined at 13 (interquartile range 12-14) weeks of gestation...
May 30, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793354/a-potential-biotechnological-process-for-the-sustainable-production-of-vitamin-k-1
#5
Thomas D C Tarento, Dale D McClure, Andrea M Talbot, Hubert L Regtop, John R Biffin, Peter Valtchev, Fariba Dehghani, John M Kavanagh
The primary objective of this review is to propose an approach for the biosynthesis of phylloquinone (vitamin K1 ) based upon its known sources, its role in photosynthesis and its biosynthetic pathway. The chemistry, health benefits, market, and industrial production of vitamin K are also summarized. Vitamin K compounds (K vitamers) are required for the normal function of at least 15 proteins involved in diverse physiological processes such as coagulation, tissue mineralization, inflammation, and neuroprotection...
May 24, 2018: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790199/relationship-between-cumulative-ultraviolet-exposure-and-cognitive-function-in-a-rural-elderly-chinese-population
#6
Shimeng Xin, Dechun Luan, Xue Wang, Fang Wang, Yang Liu, Qian Gao
OBJECTIVES: Some researchers have focused on the relationship between vitamin D and cognition, but the conclusions are inconsistent. We estimated cumulative UV exposure could be used to represent the individual's long-term vitamin D status and investigated its association with global cognitive function in elderly Chinese. METHODS: A total of 641 participants aged 60 years and over were recruited in a rural area of Shenyang, China. All were interviewed to obtain data regarding sociodemographic characteristics and time spent outdoors...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753804/the-association-between-serum-vitamin-d-level-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults-cooper-center-longitudinal-study
#7
Andjelka Pavlovic, Katelyn Abel, Carolyn E Barlow, Stephen W Farrell, Myron Weiner, Laura F DeFina
Low blood level of vitamin D and low physical activity have been linked to the development of cognitive impairment in older adults. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between serum vitamin D and cognition as measured via the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in a healthy, older population. The study sample consisted of 4358 patients from the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, TX. All participants underwent a maximal graded exercise test to determine cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Cognitive impairment was defined as a MoCA score <25...
August 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716566/active-aging-resilience-and-external-support-as-modifiers-of-the-disablement-outcome-agnes-cohort-study-protocol
#8
Taina Rantanen, Milla Saajanaho, Laura Karavirta, Sini Siltanen, Merja Rantakokko, Anne Viljanen, Timo Rantalainen, Katja Pynnönen, Anu Karvonen, Inna Lisko, Lotta Palmberg, Johanna Eronen, Eeva-Maija Palonen, Timo Hinrichs, Markku Kauppinen, Katja Kokko, Erja Portegijs
BACKGROUND: Population aging increases the need for knowledge on positive aspects of aging, and contributions of older people to their own wellbeing and that of others. We defined active aging as an individual's striving for elements of wellbeing with activities as per their goals, abilities and opportunities. This study examines associations of health, health behaviors, health literacy and functional abilities, environmental and social support with active aging and wellbeing. We will develop and validate assessment methods for physical activity and physical resilience suitable for research on older people, and examine their associations with active aging and wellbeing...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710034/the-relationship-between-maternal-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-infant-neurodevelopment-and-anthropometry-a-prospective-observational-study
#9
Mei-Zhu Chi, Lin Zhu, Zeng-Li Zhang, Fang-Fang Jin, Hao-Ran Shao, Jia-Yin Zheng, Chao Wu, Guang-Qiong Hu
This study was designed to determine whether there is a relationship between serum vitamin D levels and neurodevelopment and anthropometry in Chinese infants. A prospective cohort study with 160 women who gave birth to 160 healthy full-term infants and who were followed up for 6 mo was done. It included 80 pregnant women with vitamin D deficiency, and the other 80 pregnant women were enrolled matching the age and delivery method with a 25(OH)D level of more than 50 nmol/L. There was a signicant intergroup difference in length, weight or head circumference at birth (p<0...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706929/neuromodulatory-effect-of-thymoquinone-in-attenuating-glutamate-mediated-neurotoxicity-targeting-the-amyloidogenic-and-apoptotic-pathways
#10
Ibram Amin Fouad, Nadia Mohamed Sharaf, Ragwa Mansour Abdelghany, Nesrine Salah El Dine El Sayed
Overexposure of the glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor to the excitatory neurotransmitter l-glutamic acid leads to neuronal cell death by excitotoxicity as a result of increased intracellular Ca2+ , mitochondrial dysfunction, and apoptosis. Moreover, it was previously reported that prolonged activation of the NMDA receptor increased beta-amyloid (Aβ) levels in the brain. Thymoquinone (TQ), the active constituent of Nigella sativa seeds, has been shown to have potent antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677539/fibromyalgia-and-nutrition-therapeutic-possibilities
#11
REVIEW
Geir Bjørklund, Maryam Dadar, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Jan Aaseth
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex chronic condition of unknown etiology, characterized by deep and widespread pain, sleep problems, cognitive impairment, fatigue, and other well-known functional symptoms. Recently, it has been proposed that an imbalance of nutritive components, including essential metal ions and vitamins, might play a critical role in the development of FM. Muscle pain has been associated with deficiencies in amino acids, magnesium, selenium, vitamins B and D, as well as with the harmful effects of heavy metals, such as mercury, cadmium, and lead...
July 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674846/costs-of-medication-in-older-patients-before-and-after-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment
#12
Gulcin Done Unutmaz, Pinar Soysal, Busra Tuven, Ahmet Turan Isik
Background: Polypharmacy and inappropriate drug use cause numerous complications, such as cognitive impairment, frailty, falls, and functional dependence. The present study aimed to determine the effect of the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) on polypharmacy, potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and potential prescribing omissions (PPOs), and to evaluate the economic reflections of medication changes. Methods: One thousand five hundred and seventy-nine older patients, who had undergone CGA, were retrospectively evaluated...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673146/predictors-of-response-to-ketamine-in-treatment-resistant-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#13
Carola Rong, Caroline Park, Joshua D Rosenblat, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Hannah Zuckerman, Dominika Fus, Yena L Lee, Zihang Pan, Elisa Brietzke, Rodrigo B Mansur, Danielle S Cha, Leanna M W Lui, Roger S McIntyre
OBJECTIVES: Extant evidence indicates that ketamine exerts rapid antidepressant effects in treatment-resistant depressive (TRD) symptoms as a part of major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). The identification of depressed sub-populations that are more likely to benefit from ketamine treatment remains a priority. In keeping with this view, the present narrative review aims to identify the pretreatment predictors of response to ketamine in TRD as part of MDD and BD. METHOD: Electronic search engines PubMed/MEDLINE, ClinicalTrials...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661156/synergic-trial-synchronizing-exercises-remedies-in-gait-and-cognition-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial-to-improve-gait-and-cognition-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Manuel Montero-Odasso, Quincy J Almeida, Amer M Burhan, Richard Camicioli, Julien Doyon, Sarah Fraser, Karen Li, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Laura Middleton, Susan Muir-Hunter, William McIlroy, José A Morais, Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Kevin Shoemaker, Mark Speechley, Akshya Vasudev, G Y Zou, Nicolas Berryman, Maxime Lussier, Leanne Vanderhaeghe, Louis Bherer
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise, cognitive training, and vitamin D are low cost interventions that have the potential to enhance cognitive function and mobility in older adults, especially in pre-dementia states such as Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Aerobic and progressive resistance exercises have benefits to cognitive performance, though evidence is somewhat inconsistent. We postulate that combined aerobic exercise (AE) and progressive resistance training (RT) (combined exercise) will have a better effect on cognition than a balance and toning control (BAT) intervention in older adults with MCI...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651322/management-of-frailty-at-individual-level-clinical-management-systematic-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Gregor Veninšek, Branko Gabrovec
Introduction: To deliver quality management of a frail individual, a clinician should understand the concept of frailty, be aware of its epidemiology and be able to screen for frailty and assess it when it is present, and, finally, to recommend successful interventions. Methodology: A systematic literature search was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Cinahl and UpToDate. The criterion in selecting the literature was that articles were published in the period from 2002 to 2017...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644071/clinical-management-of-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-in-italy-results-from-the-atena-study
#16
Carlo Crepaldi, Alessandro Possidoni, Flavia Caputo, Roberto Dell'Aquila, Emilio Giulio Galli, Anna Maria Costanzo, Giuliana Gualberti, Umberto di Luzio Paparatti, Roberto Russo
Background: In Italy, few studies have examined the clinical management of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, resulting in a lack of information and awareness. Methods: A total of 378 PD patients (64.7 ± 14.3 years, 58.9% males) were enrolled across 15 centres in a 12-month retrospective and 6-month prospective study. The primary objective was to evaluate the achievement of Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines on recommended target values for anaemia, high blood pressure and mineral metabolism...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613921/markers-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-are-associated-with-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-tanzanian-children
#17
Analee J Etheredge, Karim Manji, Mark Kellogg, Hao Tran, Enju Liu, Christine M McDonald, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud, Wafaie Fawzi, David Bellinger, Andrew T Gewirtz, Christopher P Duggan
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to enteropathogens may result in environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a subclinical condition associated with poor child growth. Growth faltering is strongly associated with poor neurodevelopment, and occurs during sensitive periods of postnatal brain development. We investigated the role of novel EED biomarkers, systemic inflammation, and micronutrient status on neurodevelopment in Tanzanian children. METHODS: Non-stunted subjects with 6-week and 6-month blood samples and neurodevelopmental measures (n = 107) were included in this study...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611017/prevalence-of-nutritional-deficiencies-among-populations-of-newly-arriving-government-assisted-refugee-children-to-kitchener-waterloo-ontario-canada
#18
Carolyn Beukeboom, Neil Arya
This study examined the variation among ethnic populations in prevalence of anemia, vitamin D and B12 deficiencies among refugee children. A retrospective chart review of 388 government assisted refugee children ≤ 16 years of age, seen at the Refugee Health Clinic in Kitchener, Canada from January 2009 to December 2014 was conducted. Vitamin D levels were only collected until December 1st 2010 (116 children). 15.7% were anemic (25% < 5 years, 8.7% 5-11 years, and 18.3% 12-16 years old) with Somali children having the lowest hemoglobin levels compared to those from Iraq, Afghanistan and Myanmar...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601370/associations-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-sleep-quality-with-cognitive-dysfunction-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#19
Eun Kyeung Song, Jia-Rong Wu
BACKGROUND: Low vitamin D intake and poor sleep quality are independently associated with cognitive dysfunction in healthy older adults. However, the relationships among vitamin D intake, sleep quality, and cognitive dysfunction are unknown in older adults with heart failure (HF). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships of vitamin D intake and sleep quality with cognitive dysfunction in older adults with HF. METHODS: A total of 160 older adults with HF completed the Mini-Mental State Examination to assess cognitive function...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595826/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-current-perspectives-on-health-behaviors
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth Morghen Sikes, Robert W Motl, Jayne M Ness
Purpose: Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) accounts for ~5% of all multiple sclerosis cases, and has a prevalence of ~10,000 children in the USA. POMS is associated with a higher relapse rate, and results in irreversible disability on average 10 years earlier than adult-onset multiple sclerosis. Other manifestations of POMS include mental and physical fatigue, cognitive impairment, and depression. We believe that the health behaviors of physical activity, diet, and sleep may have potential benefits in POMS, and present a scoping review of the existing literature...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
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