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Cognitive and d vitamin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651322/management-of-frailty-at-individual-level-clinical-management-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Gregor Veninšek, Branko Gabrovec
Introduction: To deliver quality management of a frail individual, a clinician should understand the concept of frailty, be aware of its epidemiology and be able to screen for frailty and assess it when it is present, and, finally, to recommend successful interventions. Methodology: A systematic literature search was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Cinahl and UpToDate. The criterion in selecting the literature was that articles were published in the period from 2002 to 2017...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644071/clinical-management-of-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-in-italy-results-from-the-atena-study
#2
Carlo Crepaldi, Alessandro Possidoni, Flavia Caputo, Roberto Dell'Aquila, Emilio Giulio Galli, Anna Maria Costanzo, Giuliana Gualberti, Umberto di Luzio Paparatti, Roberto Russo
Background: In Italy, few studies have examined the clinical management of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, resulting in a lack of information and awareness. Methods: A total of 378 PD patients (64.7 ± 14.3 years, 58.9% males) were enrolled across 15 centres in a 12-month retrospective and 6-month prospective study. The primary objective was to evaluate the achievement of Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines on recommended target values for anaemia, high blood pressure and mineral metabolism...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613921/markers-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-are-associated-with-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-tanzanian-children
#3
Analee J Etheredge, Karim Manji, Mark Kellogg, Hao Tran, Enju Liu, Christine M McDonald, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud, Wafaie Fawzi, David Bellinger, Andrew T Gewirtz, Christopher P Duggan
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to enteropathogens may result in environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a subclinical condition associated with poor child growth. Growth faltering is strongly associated with poor neurodevelopment, and occurs during sensitive periods of postnatal brain development. We investigated the role of novel EED biomarkers, systemic inflammation, and micronutrient status on neurodevelopment in Tanzanian children. METHODS: Non-stunted subjects with 6-week and 6-month blood samples and neurodevelopmental measures (n = 107) were included in this study...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611017/prevalence-of-nutritional-deficiencies-among-populations-of-newly-arriving-government-assisted-refugee-children-to-kitchener-waterloo-ontario-canada
#4
Carolyn Beukeboom, Neil Arya
This study examined the variation among ethnic populations in prevalence of anemia, vitamin D and B12 deficiencies among refugee children. A retrospective chart review of 388 government assisted refugee children ≤ 16 years of age, seen at the Refugee Health Clinic in Kitchener, Canada from January 2009 to December 2014 was conducted. Vitamin D levels were only collected until December 1st 2010 (116 children). 15.7% were anemic (25% < 5 years, 8.7% 5-11 years, and 18.3% 12-16 years old) with Somali children having the lowest hemoglobin levels compared to those from Iraq, Afghanistan and Myanmar...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601370/associations-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-sleep-quality-with-cognitive-dysfunction-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#5
Eun Kyeung Song, Jia-Rong Wu
BACKGROUND: Low vitamin D intake and poor sleep quality are independently associated with cognitive dysfunction in healthy older adults. However, the relationships among vitamin D intake, sleep quality, and cognitive dysfunction are unknown in older adults with heart failure (HF). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships of vitamin D intake and sleep quality with cognitive dysfunction in older adults with HF. METHODS: A total of 160 older adults with HF completed the Mini-Mental State Examination to assess cognitive function...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595826/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-current-perspectives-on-health-behaviors
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth Morghen Sikes, Robert W Motl, Jayne M Ness
Purpose: Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) accounts for ~5% of all multiple sclerosis cases, and has a prevalence of ~10,000 children in the USA. POMS is associated with a higher relapse rate, and results in irreversible disability on average 10 years earlier than adult-onset multiple sclerosis. Other manifestations of POMS include mental and physical fatigue, cognitive impairment, and depression. We believe that the health behaviors of physical activity, diet, and sleep may have potential benefits in POMS, and present a scoping review of the existing literature...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579168/apixaban-in-patients-at-risk-of-stroke-undergoing-atrial-fibrillation-ablation
#7
Paulus Kirchhof, Karl Georg Haeusler, Benjamin Blank, Joseph De Bono, David Callans, Arif Elvan, Thomas Fetsch, Isabelle C Van Gelder, Philip Gentlesk, Massimo Grimaldi, Jim Hansen, Gerhard Hindricks, Hussein R Al-Khalidi, Tyler Massaro, Lluis Mont, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Georg Nölker, Jonathan P Piccini, Tom De Potter, Daniel Scherr, Ulrich Schotten, Sakis Themistoclakis, Derick Todd, Johan Vijgen, Luigi Di Biase
Aims: It is recommended to perform atrial fibrillation ablation with continuous anticoagulation. Continuous apixaban has not been tested. Methods and results: We compared continuous apixaban (5 mg b.i.d.) to vitamin K antagonists (VKA, international normalized ratio 2-3) in atrial fibrillation patients at risk of stroke a prospective, open, multi-centre study with blinded outcome assessment. Primary outcome was a composite of death, stroke, or bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 2-5)...
March 20, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578249/preoperative-vitamin-d-deficiency-increases-the-risk-of-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-a-predefined-exploratory-sub-analysis
#8
Y Zhang, G-J Shan, Y-X Zhang, S-J Cao, S-N Zhu, H-J Li, D Ma, D-X Wang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is important for maintaining physiological functions including cognition and its deficiency is associated with the occurrence of cognitive impairment. This study was to explore the association between preoperative vitamin D status and the occurrence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in elderly patients undergoing major surgery. METHODS: This was a predefined exploratory sub-analysis of one-centre data from a randomized controlled trial...
March 26, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572372/parkinson-s-disease-with-hypocalcaemia-adult-presentation-of-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#9
Fradique Moreira, Ana Brás, Joana Ramos Lopes, Cristina Januário
A growing amount of evidence indicates that 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) increases the risk of early-onset Parkinson's disease (EOPD). Here, we describe a 36-year-old patient with EOPD. The patient presented with 22q11.2DS features, including associated cognitive disabilities, hypocalcaemia and facial dysmorphia that led us to screen for and confirm this deletion. In addition, hypocalcaemia and vitamin D deficiency were the main factors responsible for severe, painful muscle spasms that were non-levodopa (L-Dopa) responsive and remitted after calcium and vitamin D replacement therapy...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559544/vitamin-d-is-crucial-for-maternal-care-and-offspring-social-behaviour-in-rats
#10
Nathanael J Yates, Dijana Tesic, Kirk W Feindel, Jeremy T Smith, Michael W Clarke, Celeste Wale, Rachael C Crew, Michaela D Wharfe, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Caitlin S Wyrwoll
Early life vitamin D plays a prominent role in neurodevelopment and subsequent brain function, including schizophrenic-like outcomes and increasing evidence for an association with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Here, we investigate how early life vitamin D deficiency during rat pregnancy and lactation alters maternal care and influences neurodevelopment and affective, cognitive and social behaviours in male adult offspring. Sprague-Dawley rats were placed on either a vitamin D control (2195 IU/kg) or deficient diet (0 IU/kg) for five weeks before timed mating, and diet exposure was maintained until weaning of offspring on postnatal day (PND) 23...
May 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546305/the-inflammatory-potential-of-the-diet-at-midlife-is-associated-with-later-healthy-aging-in-french-adults
#11
Karen E Assmann, Moufidath Adjibade, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Mathilde Touvier, Tasnime Akbaraly, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Background: While low-grade chronic inflammation has been suggested as a major modulator of healthy aging (HA), no study has yet investigated the link between the inflammatory potential of the diet and multidimensional concepts of HA. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet at midlife, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and HA assessed 13 y later. Methods: We analyzed data from 2796 participants in the French Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541546/serum-vitamin-d-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Shinji Ouma, Midori Suenaga, Funda F Bölükbaşı Hatip, Izzettin Hatip-Al-Khatib, Yoshio Tsuboi, Yoichi Matsunaga
Objectives: To determine the relevance of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D3), and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and various stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Materials and Methods: The study included 230 participants (>74 years) allocated to three main groups: 1-healthy subjects (HS, n  = 61), 2-patients with MCI ( n  = 61), and 3- patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) subdivided into three stages: mild ( n  = 41), moderate ( n  = 35), and severe AD ( n  = 32)...
March 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495468/nutrition-in-the-very-old
#13
REVIEW
Antoneta Granic, Nuno Mendonça, Tom R Hill, Carol Jagger, Emma J Stevenson, John C Mathers, Avan A Sayer
The population of older adults aged 85 years and over (the very old) is growing rapidly in many societies because of increases in life expectancy and reduced mortality at older ages. In 2016, 27.3 million very old adults were living in the European Union, and in the UK, 2.4% of the population (1.6 million) were aged 85 and over. Very old age is associated with increased risks of malnutrition, multimorbidity, and disability. Diet (nutrition) is a modifiable risk factor for multiple age-related conditions, including sarcopenia and functional decline...
February 27, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493311/does-vitamin-d-deficiency-predict-early-conversion-of-clinically-isolated-syndrome-a-preliminary-egyptian-study
#14
Hala A Shaheen, Sayed S Sayed, Lamiaa I Daker, Hossam El Din AbdelAziz, Mohamed A Taha
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that vitamin D influences the immunoregulation and subsequently affects the risk for conversion of clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) to clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS). There is little information regarding the relationship between levels of vitamin D and CIS conversion to MS in Egyptian patients. OBJECTIVE: is to study contribution of vitamin D deficiency to conversion of CIS to CDMS and correlation of vitamin D level to cognitive and MRI results...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460820/association-between-mental-disorders-cognitive-disturbances-and-vitamin-d-serum-level-current-state
#15
Paul P Lerner, Laura Sharony, Chanoch Miodownik
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vitamin D deficiency has been identified as a global problem. Approximately 14% of the world population has inadequate vitamin D levels. This vitamin has been usually associated with bone disorders such as rickets, osteomalacia, and osteoporosis. However, these disorders present only a small part of all the disturbances which can be induced by its deficiency. Low serum vitamin D is associated with development of cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome and even cancer...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457493/the-impact-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children
#16
Hatem Hamed Elshorbagy, Naglaa Fathy Barseem, Waleed Elsayed Abdelghani, Hany Abdelaziz Ibrahim Suliman, Ashraf Hamed Al-Shokary, Sameh Elsayed Abdulsamea, Akram Elshafey Elsadek, Yehia Hamed Abdel Maksoud, Dalia Mohamed Abd El-Hassib Nour El Din
BACKGROUND: The role of nutrients and dietary factors in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate the serum vitamin D level in children with a diagnosis of ADHD. The secondary objective was to detect the effect of vitamin D supplementation on cognitive function in those with vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: A total of 50 children with ADHD and 40 healthy controls were included in the study...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432893/improvement-of-cognitive-functions-in-response-to-a-regular-nordic-walking-training-in-elderly-women-a-change-dependent-on-the-training-experience
#17
A Gmiąt, J Jaworska, K Micielska, J Kortas, K Prusik, K Prusik, M Lipowski, A Radulska, N Szupryczyńska, J Antosiewicz, E Ziemann
Although regular physical activity is known to benefit health of aging populations, there are still many factors, which regulate exercise-induced adaptive changes. Among many vitamin D and myokines are under consideration. We, therefore, evaluated the influence of a single session of and regular Nordic Walking (NW) training combined with vitamin D supplementation on cognitive functions and muscle strength and some elements of the amino-acid profile. Thirty-five healthy elderly women (68 ± 5 years old) from health promotion programmes took part in the study...
February 9, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422004/vitamin-d-and-subjective-memory-complaint-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#18
Cedric Annweiler, Lise Doineau, Lucie Gerigne, Anais Provendier, Spyridon N Karras, Olivier Beauchet, Bruno Fantino, Guillaume T Duval
BACKGROUND: Older adults with hypovitaminosis D report more often subjective cognitive complaints, especially with regards to memory. This raises prospects that vitamin D may improve older adults' subjective experience of memory disorders. OBJECTIVE: To determine among older community-dwellers whether higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations were associated with fewer memory complaints, while considering the different subtypes of memory complaints...
February 1, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409006/vitamin-d-status-and-intakes-and-their-association-with-cognitive-trajectory-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-urban-adults
#19
May A Beydoun, Sharmin Hossain, Marie T Fanelli-Kuczmarski, Hind A Beydoun, Jose-Atilio Canas, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
Context: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], dietary and supplemental vitamin D may influence cognitive outcomes. Objectives: Sex/age-specific and race-specific associations of vitamin D status and intake were examined with longitudinal change in various cognitive domains in a large sample of ethnically and socio-economically diverse US urban adults. Design: Two prospective waves of data from Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study were used...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393233/dose-response-effects-of-early-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-neurodevelopmental-and-respiratory-outcomes-of-extremely-preterm-infants-at-2-years-of-age-a-randomized-trial
#20
Ariel A Salas, Taylor Woodfin, Vivien Phillips, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Waldemar A Carlo, Namasivayam Ambalavanan
BACKGROUND: Many extremely preterm infants have low vitamin D concentrations at birth, but early childhood outcomes after vitamin D supplementation have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To determine a dose-response relationship between increasing doses of enteral vitamin D in the first 28 days after birth and cognitive scores at 2 years of age. METHODS: In this phase II double-blind dose-response randomized trial, infants with gestational ages between 23 and 27 weeks were randomly assigned to receive placebo or a vitamin D dose of 200 or 800 IU/day from day 1 of enteral feeding to postnatal day 28...
2018: Neonatology
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