keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prescription drug pricing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678413/patient-access-to-medicines-in-two-countries-with-similar-health-systems-and-differing-medicines-policies-implications-from-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Todd Gammie, Ali Seyfoddin, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Louise E Curley
BACKGROUND: Countries with similar health systems but different medicines policies might result in substantial medicines usage differences and resultant outcomes. The literature is sparse in this area. OBJECTIVE: To review pharmaceutical policy research in New Zealand and Australia and discuss differences between the two countries and the impact these differences may have on subsequent medicine access. METHODS: A review of the literature (2008-2016) was performed to identify relevant, peer-reviewed articles...
April 13, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675692/uptake-of-and-expenditure-on-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-for-hepatitis-c-treatment-in-australia
#2
Barbara de Graaff, Kwang Chien Yee, Philip Clarke, Andrew Palmer
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have revolutionised treatment for the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Currently, treatment costs between 20,000 and 80,000 Australian dollars ($A) per patient. The Australian Federal Government provided $A1 billion over 5 years to subsidise these drugs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the uptake and financial impact of DAA prescribing in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective analysis of Medicare prescription and expenditure data for March 2016 to August 2017...
April 19, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671244/assessment-of-the-availability-cost-and-motivations-for-use-over-time-of-the-new-psychoactive-substances-benzodiazepines-diclazepam-flubromazepam-and-pyrazolam-in-the-uk
#3
Rachelle Abouchedid, Thea Gilks, Paul I Dargan, John R H Archer, David M Wood
INTRODUCTION: There has been increasing interest in the availability of non-prescription benzodiazepines and their sale as new psychoactive substances. We wanted to determine UK availability from Internet suppliers and motivations for use of three benzodiazepines (diclazepam, flubromazepam, and pyrazolam). METHODS: In November 2014 and March 2016, using the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction Snapshot Methodology, Internet search engines ( google...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669216/is-use-of-homeopathy-associated-with-poor-prescribing-in-english-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Alex J Walker, Richard Croker, Seb Bacon, Edzard Ernst, Helen J Curtis, Ben Goldacre
Objectives Prescribing of homeopathy still occurs in a small minority of English general practices. We hypothesised that practices that prescribe any homeopathic preparations might differ in their prescribing of other drugs. Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting English primary care. Participants English general practices. Main outcome measures We identified practices that made any homeopathy prescriptions over six months of data. We measured associations with four prescribing and two practice quality indicators using multivariable logistic regression...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657014/resistance-delaying-strategies-on-uk-sheep-farms-a-cost-benefit-analysis
#5
Jane Learmount, Mike J Glover, Mike A Taylor
UK guidelines for the sustainable control of parasites in sheep (SCOPS) were formulated with the primary aim of delaying development of anthelmintic resistance (AR) on UK sheep farms. Promoting their use requires the engagement and commitment of stakeholders. An important driver for behavioural change in sheep farmers is evidence of economic benefits. A recent evaluation of SCOPS guidance in practice demonstrated a significant reduction in anthelmintic use, suggesting economic benefits through a direct reduction in product and labour costs...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620813/ensuring-access-to-prescription-medications-in-the-post-aca-healthcare-access-landscape-the-essential-role-of-fqhcs-in-the-safety-net-for-the-underinsured
#6
Lizheng Shi, M Kristina Wharton, Alisha Monnette
OBJECTIVES: Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are essential to underinsured populations in the safety net by offering them several means of access to reduced cost medications. This study employed a 2-pronged approach to evaluate FQHCs' role, estimating both the need for patient assistance and the impact of the safety net. STUDY DESIGN: A multiyear panel data study for post-Affordable Care Act (ACA) years 2012 to 2016 and a 2016 cross-sectional analysis design were utilized to analyze FQHCs, their patient populations, and prescription assistance programs...
March 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610051/quantity-and-economic-value-of-unused-oral-anti-cancer-and-biological-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-among-outpatient-pharmacy-patients-who-discontinue-therapy
#7
C L Bekker, E J Melis, A C G Egberts, M L Bouvy, H Gardarsdottir, B J F van den Bemt
BACKGROUND: Patients sometimes discontinue the use of expensive oral anti-cancer drug (OACD) or biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (bDMARD) therapies early, leading to medication waste if the patient has not used all dispensed medication. OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of patients who have unused OACDs or bDMARDs after therapy discontinuation, and the quantity and economic value of these unused medications. Furthermore, patients' reasons for therapy discontinuation and their disposal method for unused medications were determined...
March 24, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577766/cost-of-prescription-drug-related-morbidity-and-mortality
#8
Jonathan H Watanabe, Terry McInnis, Jan D Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Public attention and recent US Congressional activity has intensified focus on escalating medication prices. However, the actual cost of medication use extends beyond the up-front cost of purchasing medicines. It also encompasses the additional medical costs of morbidity and mortality resulting from nonoptimized medication regimens, including medication nonadherence. OBJECTIVES: Applying the most current nationally representative data sources, our goal was to estimate the cost of prescription drug-related morbidity and mortality in the United States...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575989/financial-impact-of-oral-chemotherapy-wastage-on-society-and-the-patient
#9
Varun Monga, Chenise Meyer, Brandon Vakiner, Gerald Clamon
Background Targeted oral agents are now increasingly being utilized in cancer treatment, but are expensive. Changing the dose of these medications due to toxicity or discontinuation secondary to disease progression or death causes waste from unused medication. Limiting waste is an important goal, as waste has a substantial financial impact on patients and insurance companies. Methods Patients started on oral targeted agents' sunitinib, everolimus, axitinib, or vemurafenib between January 2012 and February 2015 who obtained their medications at Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center specialty pharmacy were included in the analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559866/intelligent-clinical-decision-support-to-improve-safe-opioid-management-of-chronic-noncancer-pain-in-primary-care
#10
Eboni G Price-Haywood, Wanda Robinson, Jewel Harden-Barrios, Jeffrey Burton, Todd Burstain
Background: Opioid prescription drug abuse is a major public health concern. Healthcare provider prescribing patterns, especially among non-pain management specialists, are a major factor. Practice guidelines recommend what to do for safe opioid prescribing but do not provide guidance on how to implement best practices. Methods: We describe the implementation of electronic medical record clinical decision support (EMR CDS) for opioid management of chronic noncancer pain in an integrated delivery system...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555641/affordability-and-availability-of-off-patent-drugs-in-the-united-states-the-case-for-importing-from-abroad-observational-study
#11
Ravi Gupta, Thomas J Bollyky, Matthew Cohen, Joseph S Ross, Aaron S Kesselheim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether off-patent prescription drugs at risk of sudden price increases or shortages in the United States are available from independent manufacturers approved in other well regulated settings around the world. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Off-patent drugs in the USA and approved by the Food and Drug Administration, up to 10 April 2017. STUDY COHORT: Novel tablet or capsule prescription drugs approved by the FDA since 1939 that were no longer protected by patents or other market exclusivity and had up to three generic versions...
March 19, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536096/prescription-drug-prices-in-the-us
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523139/an-assessment-of-the-malaria-related-knowledge-and-practices-of-tanzania-s-drug-retailers-exploring-the-impact-of-drug-store-accreditation
#13
Rebecca Thomson, Boniface Johanes, Charles Festo, Admirabilis Kalolella, Mark Taylor, Sarah Tougher, Yazoume Ye, Andrea Mann, Ruilin Ren, Katia Bruxvoort, Barbara Willey, Fred Arnold, Kara Hanson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: Since 2003 Tanzania has upgraded its approximately 7000 drug stores to Accredited Drug Dispensing Outlets (ADDOs), involving dispenser training, introduction of record keeping and enhanced regulation. Prior to accreditation, drug stores could officially stock over-the-counter medicines only, though many stocked prescription-only antimalarials. ADDOs are permitted to stock 49 prescription-only medicines, including artemisinin combination therapies and one form of quinine injectable...
March 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507533/higher-pharmaceutical-public-expenditure-after-direct-price-control-improved-access-or-induced-demand-the-colombian-case
#14
Sergio I Prada, Victoria E Soto, Tatiana S Andia, Claudia P Vaca, Álvaro A Morales, Sergio R Márquez, Alejandro Gaviria
Background: High pharmaceutical expenditure is one of the main concerns for policymakers worldwide. In Colombia, a middle-income country, outpatient prescription represents over 10% of total health expenditure in the mandatory benefits package (POS), and close to 90% in the complementary government fund (No POS). In order to control expenditure, since 2011, the Ministry of Health introduced price caps on inpatient drugs reimbursements by active ingredient. By 2013, more than 400 different products, covering 80% of public pharmaceutical expenditure were controlled...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501781/economic-and-practical-considerations-in-the-treatment-of-oral-mucosal-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease
#15
Sharon Elad, Kevin Zinchuk, Shuli Li, Corey Cutler, Jane Liesveld, Nathaniel Treister
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) frequently affects the oral mucosa and is generally responsive to topical immunomodulatory therapies. Clinicians may benefit from guidance in choosing the most appropriate therapy with respect to practicality and cost. To assess the economic considerations related to topical immunomodulatory treatments for management of oral mucosal cGVHD and their practical implications. Topical treatments used for management of oral cGVHD were obtained from the National Institutes of Health Consensus document for ancillary and supportive care...
March 2, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485950/estimating-the-direct-costs-of-outpatient-opioid-prescriptions-a-retrospective-analysis-of-data-from-the-rhode-island-prescription-drug-monitoring-program
#16
Hilary Aroke, Ashley Buchanan, Xuerong Wen, Peter Ragosta, Jennifer Koziol, Stephen Kogut
BACKGROUND: Overuse and misuse of prescription opioids is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and places a significant cost burden on health systems. OBJECTIVE: To estimate annual statewide spending for prescription opioids in Rhode Island. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of opioids dispensed from retail pharmacies using data from the Rhode Island Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) was performed. The study sample consisted of 651,227 opioid prescriptions dispensed to 197,062 patients between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2015...
March 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485949/use-of-prescription-assistance-programs-after-the-affordable-health-care-act
#17
Ghazala Khan, Patrick Karabon, Sarah Lerchenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Insurance coverage in the United States seems to be in a state of unrest. The 2010 passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act (ACA) extended health insurance coverage to roughly 32 million people. An increase in the number of people with health insurance benefits raised the question of whether prescription assistance programs (PAPs) would still be used after ACA implementation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of PAPs following the implementation of the ACA insurance mandate...
March 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442334/utilization-spending-and-price-trends-for-quinolones-in-the-us-medicaid-programs-25-years-experience-1991-2015
#18
Ziyad S Almalki, Xiaomeng Yue, Ying Xia, Patricia R Wigle, Jeff Jianfei Guo
BACKGROUND: Given that the quinolones is one of the antibacterial classes most frequently used to treat patients with bacterial infections in the United States, any change in prescribing patterns of quinolones will impact Medicaid medical expenditures. OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to examine trends in utilization, reimbursement, and prices of quinolone antibacterials for the US Medicaid population. METHODS: The publicly available Medicaid State Drug Utilization outpatient pharmacy files were used for this study...
June 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439078/new-mechanism-to-identify-cost-savings-in-english-nhs-prescribing-minimising-price-per-unit-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Richard Croker, Alex J Walker, Seb Bacon, Helen J Curtis, Lisa French, Ben Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Minimising prescription costs while maintaining quality is a core element of delivering high-value healthcare. There are various strategies to achieve savings, but almost no research to date on determining the most effective approach. We describe a new method of identifying potential savings due to large national variations in drug cost, including variation in generic drug cost, and compare these with potential savings from an established method (generic prescribing). METHODS: We used English National Health Service (NHS) Digital prescribing data, from October 2015 to September 2016...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338071/the-financial-burden-and-distress-of-patients-with-cancer-understanding-and-stepping-up-action-on-the-financial-toxicity-of-cancer-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Pricivel M Carrera, Hagop M Kantarjian, Victoria S Blinder
"Financial toxicity" has now become a familiar term used in the discussion of cancer drugs, and it is gaining traction in the literature given the high price of newer classes of therapies. However, as a phenomenon in the contemporary treatment and care of people with cancer, financial toxicity is not fully understood, with the discussion on mitigation mainly geared toward interventions at the health system level. Although important, health policy prescriptions take time before their intended results manifest, if they are implemented at all...
March 2018: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
keyword
keyword
109178
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"