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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546984/the-comparison-of-printed-resources-bacterial-contamination-in-libraries-of-al-zahra-hospital-and-sciences-faculty-of-isfahan-university-and-the-determination-of-their-antibiotic-sensitivity-pattern
#1
Hosein Rafiei, Mostafa Chadeganipour, Rezvan Ojaghi, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Rasool Nouri
INTRODUCTION: During the library loan process, the printed resources can be a carrier of pathogenic bacteria. In this study, it was tried to compare the Bacterial Contamination Rates and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern in printed resources of a hospital and a non-hospital library. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Returning books from the Al-Zahra hospital library and library of Sciences faculty of Isfahan University provides the research community...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546981/nurses-commitment-to-respecting-patient-dignity
#2
Zahra Raee, Heidarali Abedi, Mohsen Shahriari
BACKGROUND: Although respecting human dignity is a cornerstone of all nursing practices, industrialization has gradually decreased the attention paid to this subject in nursing care. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate nurses' commitment to respecting patient dignity in hospitals of Isfahan, Iran. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted in hospitals of Isfahan. Overall, 401 inpatients were selected by cluster sampling and then selected simple random sampling from different wards...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546975/the-effect-of-electronic-education-on-knowledge-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Soheila Mohamadirizi, Vahid Shaygannejad, Shahla Mohamadirizi, Zahra Tolou-Ghamari
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) could be considered as one of the most common chronic disorders of the central nervous system. However, patient education tasks in this group are a challenge for health care provider team but due to increase in the incidence of MS, a new category of contact, care, and education seems to be useful. Hence, the aim of this study was to compare the effect of electronic education and illustrated booklet on knowledge of patients with MS. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental research was carried out on 120 patients with MS from January 2013 to July 2013...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546952/time-dependency-of-morphological-remodeling-of-endothelial-cells-in-response-to-substrate-stiffness
#4
Zahra Goli-Malekabadi, Mohammad Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Ali Tamayol, Ehsan Seyedjafari
Introduction: Substrate stiffness regulates cellular behavior as cells experience different stiffness values of tissues in the body. For example, endothelial cells (ECs) covering the inner layer of blood vessels are exposed to different stiffness values due to various pathologic and physiologic conditions. Despite numerous studies, cells by time span sense mechanical properties of the substrate, but the response is not well understood. We hypothesized that time is a major determinant influencing the behavior of cells seeded on substrates of varying stiffness...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546819/the-effectiveness-of-counseling-in-reducing-anxiety-among-nulliparous-pregnant-women
#5
Parisa Parsa, Nafiseh Saeedzadeh, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Ghodratallah Roshanaei
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of counseling in reducing anxiety of nulliparous pregnant women. Materials and methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 nulliparous pregnant women were selected out of all pregnant women referring to Fatemieh Hospital in Hamadan, Iran. Then, the subjects were divided into two groups in experimental and control (55 women in each). The data were collected through a questionnaire covering demographic and obstetric characteristics and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544067/vitamin-d3-alters-the-expression-of-toll-like-receptors-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#6
Esmaeil Yazdanpanah, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Maryam Sahebari, Zahra Rezaieyazdi, Seyed-Alireza Esmaeili, Nafiseh Tabasi, Soheila Jaberi, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Maryam Rastin
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by production of inflammatory cytokines and autoreactive antibodies due to the loss of immune tolerance. Recognition of self-nucleic acids by intracellular Toll-like receptors (TLRs) can overactivate immune responses and this abnormal activation of TLRs contributes to the pathogenesis of the disease. In recent years, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VitD3) on the immune system has received particular attention...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543858/survival-improvement-in-human-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells-via-fas-receptor-targeting-by-mir-374a
#7
Nooshin Tasharrofi, Fatemeh Kouhkan, Masoud Soleimani, Zahra-Sheila Soheili, Mahboubeh Kabiri, Mohaddeseh Mahmoudi Saber, Farid Abedin Dorkoosh
Oxidative conditions of the eye could contribute to retinal cells loss through activating the Fas-L/Fas pathway. This phenomenon is one of the leading causes of some ocular diseases like age-related macular degeneration (AMD). By targeting proteins at their mRNA level, microRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate gene expression and cell function. The aim of the present study is to investigate Fas targeting by miR-374a and find whether it can inhibit Fas-mediated apoptosis in primary human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells under oxidative stress...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543050/effects-of-carrot-pomace-powder-and-a-mixture-of-pectin-and-xanthan-on-the-quality-of-gluten-free-batter-and-cakes
#8
Mahsa Majzoobi, Zahra Vosooghi Poor, Gholamreza Mesbahi, Jalal Jamalian, Asgar Farahnaky
Carrot pomace powder (CPP) is a valuable by-product of carrot processing containing nutrients and fibre and can be utilized for enrichment of gluten-free products. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effects of various levels of CPP (0, 10, 20 and 30%) and a mixture of hydrocolloids (HC) including pectin and xanthan (1.5% of each) on the quality of batter and gluten-free cakes. With increasing the level of CPP and inclusion of HC the viscosity of the batter increased significantly from 87 mPas for the control to > 7000 mPas for 30%CCP+HC sample...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541955/synthesis-of-the-modified-nanofiber-as-a-nanoadsorbent-and-its-dye-removal-ability-from-water-isotherm-kinetic-and-thermodynamic
#9
Niyaz Mohammad Mahmoodi, Zahra Mokhtari-Shourijeh, Asieh Ghane-Karade
In this paper, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanofiber was prepared and modified by diethylenetriamine (DETA) and ethylenediamine (EDA) in the presence of glutaraldehyde (GA). Dye removal ability of the modified nanofiber (PVA/DETA/EDA/GA) as a nanoadsorbent from water was studied. Fourier transform Infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to investigate the characteristics of the modified nanofiber. Direct Red 23 (DR23) and Direct Blue (DB78) were used. The effect of operational parameters such as pH, initial dye concentration, contact time, temperature and adsorbent dosage on dye removal was studied...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541827/brain-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-are-involved-in-stress-induced-potentiation-of-nicotine-reward-in-rats
#10
Parastoo Javadi, Ameneh Rezayof, Maryam Sardari, Zahra Ghasemzadeh
The aim of the present study was to examine the possible role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of the dorsal hippocampus (CA1 regions), the medial prefrontal cortex or the basolateral amygdala in the effect of acute or sub-chronic stress on nicotine-induced conditioned place preference. Our results indicated that subcutaneous administration of nicotine (0.2 mg/kg) induced significant conditioned place preference. Exposure to acute or sub-chronic elevated platform stress potentiated the response of an ineffective dose of nicotine...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540895/pattern-of-acute-glomerulonephritis-in-adult-population-in-dubai-a-single-center-experience
#11
Amna K Alhadari, Fakhriya J Alalawi, Ayman Aly Seddik, Kaneez Zahra, Dileep Kumar, Hussain Yousif, Hind Alnour, Michael Jansen, Mohammad J Railey
Epidemiological data of renal diseases have great geographic variability throughout the world. Due to the lack of a national renal data registry system, there is no information on the prevalence rate, clinical and pathological features of various glomerulonephritis (GN) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In a retrospective cross-sectional study, we analyzed 158 renal biopsies done in Dubai Hospital, UAE, between the years of 2005 and September 2014, with an aim to determine the prevalence rate and frequency of different pathological patterns of GN in adult patients who presented with proteinuria ± hematuria...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540274/identification-of-a-novel-mutation-in-the-pah-gene-in-an-iranian-phenylketonuria-family-a-case-report
#12
Masoumeh Razipour, Daniz Kooshavar, Elaheh Alavinejad, Seyede Zahra Sajedi, Neda Mohajer, Aria Setoodeh, Saeed Talebi, Mohammad Keramatipour
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of amino acid metabolism with an autosomal recessive inheritance caused in most cases by mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene. PKU has wide allelic heterogeneity. Here we report a novel heterozygous substitution (c.1223G>T (p.Arg408Leu)) in the PAH gene in an Iranian PKU family. The patient was 19-yr-old female with diagnosis of moderate PKU referred to Department of Medical Genetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran for genetic counseling/analysis in April 2015...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540268/effects-of-high-and-low-doses-of-folic-acid-on-the-soluble-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-ligand-osteoprotegerin-ratio-during-pregnancy
#13
Nazila Fathi Maroufi, Amir Ghorbanihaghjo, Manizheh Sayyah Melli, Maryam Vaezi, Zohreh Hekmati Azar Mehrabani, Maryam Bannazadeh Amirkhiz, Nadereh Rashtchizadeh
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy Associated Osteoporosis (PAO) can lead to serious difficulties such as fragility fractures, elongated back pain and height loss in affected women. Soluble Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-Kappa B ligand (sRANKL) to Osteoprotegerin (OPG) ratio is chosen as a bone metabolism equation in many bone diseases characterized by bone resorption, such as post-menopausal osteoporosis and would be modified with folic acid supplementation. This study was done to compare the effects of high dose (5mg/day) and low dose (0...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540007/anterior-chamber-depth-change-following-cataract-surgery-in-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#14
Mohammad Reza Fallah Tafti, Hossein Abdollah Beiki, S Farzad Mohammadi, Golshan Latifi, Elham Ashrafi, Zahra Fallah Tafti
PURPOSE: To assess the pseudophakic anterior chamber depth (PP-ACD) or effective lens position (ELP) change after cataract surgery in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX). METHODS: Consecutive eyes with PEX and cataract underwent standard phacoemulsification and were implanted with single-piece acrylic posterior chamber intraocular lenses (IOLs). Eyes with severe PEX and with axial length (AL) greater than 24 mm or less than 22 mm were not included. Eyes with capsular complication or unstable bags that needed capsular tension ring insertion were excluded...
April 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539679/the-association-of-pathergy-reaction-and-active-clinical-presentations-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#15
Shirin Assar, Bahar Sadeghi, Fereydoun Davatchi, Seyyedeh Zahra Ghodsi, Abdolhadi Nadji, Farhad Shahram, Farimah Ashofte, Seyyedeh Roghieh Larimi, Masoud Sadeghi
OBJECTIVES: The pathergy skin test is a hypersensitivity reaction to a prick skin trauma caused by a pin or a needle, which is considered as a specific presentation in Behçet's disease (BD) and the precise mechanism of this test is not well elucidated. This study was designed to evaluate the association of pathergy reaction (PR) with the active clinical manifestations of BD patients, to assess the clinical importance of PR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cohort study on 1675 BD patients who fulfilled the entry criteria based on the International Criteria for Behçet's Disease (ICBD) from 1975 to 2011...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538377/time-distribution-of-injury-related-in-hospital-mortality-in-a-trauma-referral-center-in-south-of-iran-2010-2015
#16
Hamidreza Abbasi, Shahram Bolandparvaz, Mahnaz Yadollahi, Mehrdad Anvar, Zahra Farahgol
In Iran, there are no studies addressing trauma death timing and factors affecting time of death after injuries. This study aimed to examine time distribution of trauma deaths in an urban major trauma referral center with respect to victims' injury characteristics during 2010 to 2015.This was a cross-sectional study of adult trauma-related in-hospital deaths resulting from traffic-related accidents, falls, and violence-related injuries. Information on injury characteristics and time interval between admission and death was extracted from 3 hospital databases...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538219/molecular-alterations-in-patients-with-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-presenting-with-malignant-pleural-effusion-at-the-first-diagnosis
#17
Erika F Rodriguez, Maryam Shabihkhani, Jamal Carter, Zahra Maleki
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report cytologic and molecular features of pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients presenting with a malignant pleural effusion at the first diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who had a cytopathologic diagnosis conclusive for lung adenocarcinoma for the first time on their pleural fluid specimen, and molecular testing done, were studied. The control group consisted of patients with a malignant pleural effusion that developed during disease progression...
May 25, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538104/wnt5a-regulates-the-expression-of-ror2-tyrosine-kinase-receptor-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#18
Ghamartaj Hossein, Somayeh Arabzadeh, Zahra Salehi-Doulabi, Zeynab Dehghani-Ghobadi, Yasaman Heidarian, Maryam Talebi-Juybari
Wnt5A and Receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 (ROR2) proteins both regulate developmental processes, cell movement, and cell polarity. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate a possible regulatory role of Wnt5A on ROR2 expression in human ovarian cancer cell lines. Moreover, the expression of Wnt5A and ROR2 mRNA and protein levels were assessed in human epithelial serous ovarian cancer (HSOC) specimens. ROR2 was strongly decreased in cells treated with siRNA against Wnt5A compared to scramble-treated or lipofectamine-treated cells (P<0...
May 24, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537521/the-water-drinking-test-revisited-an-analysis-of-test-results-in-subjects-with-glaucoma
#19
M Reza Razeghinejad, Zahra Tajbakhsh, M Hossein Nowroozzadeh, Shane J Havens, Deepta Ghate, Vikas Gulati
PURPOSE: The Water-Drinking Test (WDT) has been shown to predict the diurnal IOP change. This study evaluates the factors that may affect the WDT results. METHODS: This study was conducted on 203 glaucoma patients who had undergone trabeculectomy (53) or tube surgery (31), or had a medically controlled open-angle (82) or closed-angle (37) glaucoma. IOP was measured at baseline and then every 15 minutes over a one-hour period after drinking water. The main outcome measures were IOP change (increase in IOP from baseline) at all measurement time points, IOP peak (highest IOP after drinking water), IOP fluctuation (difference between IOP peak and baseline), and assessing the association of these IOPs with a patient's demographic and management modalities...
May 24, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537197/saffron-carotenoids-crocin-and-crocetin-binding-to-human-serum-albumin-as-investigated-by-different-spectroscopic-methods-and-molecular-docking
#20
Moslem Jafarisani, S Zahra Bathaie, Mir F Mousavi
Therapeutic effects of saffron ingredients were studied in some diseases. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of these ingredients were also studied, but their transport mechanism is not clearly known. Serum albumin has been known as the most important transporter of many drugs in the body that affects their disposition, transportation and bioavailability. Here, we investigated the interaction of crocin (Cro) with HSA, for the first time, and compared with the crocetin (Crt)-HSA interaction. UV and fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism (CD) and molecular docking was applied to investigate the possibility and mechanism of binding of HSA with these natural carotenoids...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
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