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polycystic ovary syndrome and drilling

Mohamed Kandil, Mohamed Rezk, Alaa Al-Halaby, Mohamed Emarh, Ibrahim Saif El-Nasr
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of ultrasound-guided transvaginal ovarian needle drilling (TND) versus laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) on ovarian reserve and pregnancy rate in patients with clomiphene citrate (CC)-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: A university hospital. PATIENTS: Of 644 patients who presented at an infertility clinic, 246 with CC-resistant PCOS were randomized for treatment...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Hatem Abu Hashim, Osama Foda, Mohamed El Rakhawy
PURPOSE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the effectiveness of unilateral vs. bilateral laparoscopic ovarian drilling (ULOD vs. BLOD) for improving fertility outcomes in infertile women with clomiphene-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as well as its effect on ovarian reserve. METHODS: Searches were conducted on PubMed, ScienceDirect,, and CENTRAL databases from January 1984 to January 2017. Only randomized trials comparing ULOD with BLOD were included...
April 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Emaduldin Seyam, Enas Hefzy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to investigate the value of laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) compared with GnRH antagonist flexible protocol combined with cabergoline (Cb), as a prophylaxis against the re-development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in women with clomiphene citrate-resistant polycystic ovary disease (CCR-PCOD) who had severe OHSS before in a previous ICSI cycle. STUDY DESIGN: It is a prospective controlled study, where 250 CCR-PCOD women (n = 250) with a history of severe OHSS before, had been recruited for the study...
January 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
T Chitra, Dasari Papa, Priyanka Sinha, H Nandeesha
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) on homocysteine levels and clinical outcomes in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted in JIPMER, Puducherry. Fifty PCOS subjects who were admitted for LOD were enrolled in the study. Serum homocysteine levels were estimated in all the subjects before and after LOD. Paired t-test was used to compare the homocysteine levels before and after LOD...
February 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Sam Lepine, Junyoung Jo, Mostafa Metwally, Ying C Cheong
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition, affecting approximately one in 10 women. PCOS is defined by two of three features: oligo- or anovulation, clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism or both, or polycystic ovaries.Women with PCOS can have a wide range of health problems, including infrequent and irregular periods, unwanted hair growth and acne, and subnormal fertility. Long-term health concerns include an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and the development of precancerous disease of the womb...
November 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
P Merviel, S Bouée, M Ménard, M-T Le Martelot, S Roche, C Lelièvre, J-J Chabaud, C Jacq, H Drapier, D Beauvillard
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a frequent pathology in the young woman, linking infertility to a metabolic disease. Initial support will include a plan (in the case of overweight or obesity) to lose at least 5 to 10% of the weight. Subsequently, clomiphene citrate is the first treatment for ovulation induction with pregnancy rates of 40 to 80% after 6 cycles. If there is resistance to clomiphene citrate, the choice will be between the ovarian drilling (50-60% of pregnancy in the year following, including the half spontaneous) or ovarian stimulation with gonadotropins...
October 31, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Yiping Yu, Lanlan Fang, Ruizhe Zhang, Jingyan He, Yujing Xiong, Xiaoyi Guo, Qingyun Du, Yan Huang, Yingpu Sun
The comparative efficacies of ovulation-induction treatments in patients with clomiphene citrate-resistant (CCR) polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are not well known. Therefore, we conducted a network meta-analysis to rank the reproductive efficacies of these treatments. We ultimately included 26 randomized clinical trials with 2722 participants and 9 types of therapies: clomiphene citrate (CC), metformin, letrozole, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG), unilateral laparoscopic ovarian drilling (ULOD), bilateral laparoscopic ovarian drilling (BLOD), the combination of metformin with letrozole (metformin+letrozole), and the combination of metformin with CC (metformin+CC)...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yuanlin He, Xiaoxu Peng, Tinghe Wu, Weijie Yang, Wenwen Liu, Jing Zhang, Yiping Su, Feifei Kong, Xiaowei Dou, Jing Li
In mammalian ovaries, primordial follicles remain in a quiescent state until activation by the surrounding microenvironment. Ovarian intervention, for example, ovarian cystectomy, ovarian wedge resection or laser drilling therapies for polycystic ovarian syndrome, has long been reported to change follicular development by an unknown mechanism(s). Herein, we established a murine model with partial ovarian resection of one ovary unilaterally, with the contralateral ovary undamaged. We found the injury accelerated follicular activation and development through the mTORC1 signaling pathway...
May 25, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
Pierluigi Giampaolino, Nicoletta De Rosa, Luigi Della Corte, Ilaria Morra, Antonio Mercorio, Carmine Nappi, Giuseppe Bifulco
Aim of our study was to assess the ovulation rate, with mid-luteal progesterone level and ultrasound follicles monitoring, in PCOS CC-resistant patients undergone transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy ovarian drilling. A prospective observational study was carried out in 123 PCOS, infertile, CC-resistant patients who undergone THL ovarian drilling. Each woman was evaluated by hormonal measurement, and ultrasound evaluation during 6 months follow-up. Progesterone serum levels were assessed on days 20-24 of the cycle after surgical treatment...
January 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Artur Bjelica, Jelena Bjelanović, Natasa Milić, Ljiljana Mladenović Segedi, Đorde Ilić, Jelena Dimitrijević
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most frequent endocrine disturbance in the reproductive period of women's life and the most frequent cause of anovulatory infertility. Ovulation and pregnancy in patients having polycystic ovary syndrome may be a result of a wide range of therapeutic options, and the treatment assumes a gradual approach--from simple noninvasive to expensive and demanding procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature survey concerning the efficiency of particular ovulation induction methods in respect of the reproductive outcome was carried out with the aim of establishing the algorithm for ovulation induction in infertile patients having polycystic ovary syndrome...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
Jiali Cai, Lanlan Liu, Lingbin Sun, Aiguo Sha, Xiaoming Jiang, Jianzhi Ren
OBJECTIVE: To determine if history of undergoing laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) was associated with changes in cumulative ongoing pregnancy rates following in-vitro fertilization in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: The present retrospective study was performed in an in vitro fertilization unit in Xiamen, China, between June 1, 2008 and December 31, 2012. Patient characteristics and in vitro fertilization treatment outcomes were compared between patients with PCOS and a history of LOD (LOD group), patients with PCOS without a history of LOD (no-LOD group), and age-matched patients without PCOS and with no history of LOD (age-matched group)...
September 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Pierluigi Giampaolino, Ilaria Morra, Luigi Della Corte, Stefania Sparice, Costantino Di Carlo, Carmine Nappi, Giuseppe Bifulco
Aim of the study was to asses and compare serum anti-Mullerian harmone (AMH) levels after laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) and transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) ovarian drilling in clomifene citrate (CC)-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients; secondary outcome was to evaluate postoperative pain to estimate the acceptability of procedures. A total of 246 patients with CC-resistant PCOS were randomized into two groups: 123 underwent LOD and 123 underwent THL ovarian drilling. AMH serum levels were evaluated before and after the procedure; moreover, women were asked to rate pain on a visual analog scale (VAS) from 0 (no pain, perfectly acceptable) to 10 (unbearable pain, completely unacceptable)...
January 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Maryam Eftekhar, Razieh Deghani Firoozabadi, Parisa Khani, Ehsan Ziaei Bideh, Hosein Forghani
BACKGROUND: Recently the laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) has been used as a surgical treatment for ovulation in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), although its mechanism and outcomes are still unclear. This study was undertaken to evaluate the in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes in clomiphene-resistant women with PCOS who were treated with LOD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed the medical records of 300 women between 20 to 35 years old with clomiphene-resistant PCOS who had an ovulatory infertility and who were nominated for IVF/ICSI...
April 2016: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Gautam N Allahbadia
Surgical ovarian wedge resection was the first established treatment for women with anovulatory polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) but was largely abandoned both due to the risk of postsurgical adhesions and the introduction of medical ovulation induction. Laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) is an alternative method to induce ovulation in PCOS patients with clomiphene citrate resistance instead of gonadotropins. Surgical therapy with LOD may avoid or reduce the need for gonadotropins or may facilitate their use...
April 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Cristina Kallás Hueb, João Antônio Dias Júnior, Maurício Simões Abrão, Elias Kallás Filho
INTRODUCTION: anovulation is a major cause of female infertility, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the leading cause of anovulation. While undergoing drug-induced ovulation, women with PCOS usually have a satisfactory response recruiting follicles, but some are unable to recruit follicles or often produce an excessive number of follicles, which can result in ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome and/or multiple pregnancy. Surgical laparoscopy with ovarian "drilling" may prevent or reduce the need for drug-induced ovulation...
November 2015: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Xiao-Hong Wang, Jun-Qing Wang, Yan Xu, Li-Ping Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Wendy Vitek, Kathleen Hoeger, Richard S Legro
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive disorder that can be diagnosed when two of the following three criteria are present: menstrual irregularity, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries. Factors such as the individual's body weight influence the severity of the phenotype and risk of metabolic comorbidities. While anovulatory infertility is a common issue among lean and obese reproductive-aged women with PCOS, obesity is associated with resistance to oral ovulation induction agents, lower pregnancy rates and a higher risk of pregnancy complications...
August 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
Mohamed Rezk, Tarek Sayyed, Said Saleh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of unilateral dose adjusted ovarian drilling (ULOD) compared to bilateral ovarian drilling (BLOD) on ovarian reserve and pregnancy rate. METHODS: This randomized clinical study included 105 patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Patients were assigned to two groups; group 1 (n = 52) underwent dose adjusted ULOD using 60 Joules/cm(3) applied to the larger ovary, while group 2 (n = 53) underwent BLOD with fixed doses of 1200 J...
2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Samer Tannus, Yechiel Z Burke, Shahar Kol
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. Infertility is a prevalent presenting feature of PCOS, and approximately 75% of these women suffer infertility due to anovulation. Lifestyle modification is considered the first-line treatment and is associated with improved endocrine profile. Clomiphene citrate (CC) should be considered as the first line pharmacologic therapy for ovulation induction. In women who are CC resistant, second-line treatment should be considered, as adding metformin, laparoscopic ovarian drilling or treatment with gonadotropins...
November 2015: Women's Health
Wei Liu, Shengnan Dong, Yumei Li, Lihong Shi, Wei Zhou, Yingling Liu, Jie Liu, Yazhong Ji
The aim of the present study was to compare the reproductive outcomes of letrozole and laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) in women with clomiphene citrate (CC)-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A total of 141 women with CC-resistant PCOS were enrolled and randomly allocated into groups A and B. Group A (n=71) received 2.5 mg letrozole from days 5 to 10 of menses for up to six cycles, and group B (n=70) underwent LOD. A 6-month follow-up was performed. No statistically significant difference was found in the baseline clinical characteristics and the major serum hormone profiles, including luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, estradiol and free testosterone, between the two groups...
October 2015: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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