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paraoxonase 1

George Awuku Asare, Sabina Ekua Andam, Henry Asare-Anane, Seth Ammanquah, Yvonne Anang-Quartey, Daniel K Afriyie, Iddis Musah
Background: Oxidative stress and antioxidants have been implicated in many diseases including prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Lipid peroxidation contributes to oxidative stress. However, new and emerging antioxidants such as paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and arylesterase (ARE) associated with lipoprotein peroxidation have not been examined in BPH patients. PON1 and ARE, a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol-bound enzyme system of antioxidants, protect low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and HDL from oxidation by hydrolysis...
March 2018: Prostate International
D Liao, H Yu, L Han, C Zhong, X Ran, D Wang, L Mo
PURPOSE: Evidences showed that paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene polymorphism has an impact on women's susceptibility to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) by influencing the expression and activity of PON1. However, the effects of three PON1 polymorphisms (- 108 C>T, L55M and Q192R) on the incidence of PCOS have generated inconsistent results. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between PON1 polymorphisms and PCOS risk. METHODS: All eligible trials were identified via systematic searches of multiple literature databases...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Juliana Brum Moraes, Michael Maes, Chutima Roomruangwong, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, George Anderson, Marta Kubera, Andre F Carvalho, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
Early life trauma (ELT) may increase the risk towards bipolar disorder (BD) and major depression (MDD), disorders associated with activated neuro-oxidative and neuro-nitrosative stress (O&NS) pathways. It has remained elusive whether ELTs are associated with O&NS and which ELTs are associated with distinct affective disorder phenotypes. This case-control study examined patients with BD (n = 68) and MDD (n = 37) and healthy controls (n = 66). The Child Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) was used to assess specific ELT...
March 14, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
Asokan Devarajan, Feng Su, Victor Grijalva, Meghna Yalamanchi, Ashna Yalamanchi, Feng Gao, Hannah Trost, Josephine Nwokedi, Gina Farias-Eisner, Robin Farias-Eisner, Alan M Fogelman, Srinivasa T Reddy
Ovarian cancer (OC) is most lethal malignancy among all gynecological cancer. Large bodies of evidences suggest that mitochondrial-derived ROS play a critical role in the development and progression of OC. Paraoxonase 2 (PON2) is a membrane-associated lactonase with anti-oxidant properties. PON2 deficiency aggravates mitochondrial ROS formation, systemic inflammation, and atherosclerosis. The role of PON2 in cancer development remains unknown. In this report, in human, we identified that PON2 expression is higher in early stages (but not in late stages) of OC when compared to normal tissue...
March 12, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Joaquim Rovira, Anna Hernández-Aguilera, Fedra Luciano-Mateo, Noemí Cabré, Gerard Baiges-Gaya, Martí Nadal, Vicente Martín-Paredero, Jordi Camps, Jorge Joven, José L Domingo
Oxidative stress and inflammation are candidate mechanisms to explain the potential role of exposure to metals and reduced activity of paraoxonase-1 (PON1) in age-related diseases. Both may be risk factors contributing to atherosclerosis. In the present study, inductively coupled mass spectrometry was used to explore multiple trace elements, while in-house methods were employed to measure PON1-related variables in patients with lower extremity artery disease (LEAD). Healthy controls were matched for sex, age, body weight, and relevant genotype variants...
March 10, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Mustafa Keleşoğlu, Fuat Kızılay, Burcu Barutçuoğlu, Güneş Başol, Fulden Saraç, Işıl Mutaf, Bülent Semerci
Objective: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) which is believed to play a role in atherosclerotic inflammatory process due to its function in hydrolysis of phospholipids and release of pro-inflammatory products, is considered as a novel biomarker for vascular risk. In this study we aimed to investigate the alterations in Lp-PLA2 and its relationship with other cardiovascular risk factors in patients with testosterone deficiency. Material and methods: Forty hypogonadic male and 30 healthy male aged between 18-50 years were enrolled in this study...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Fouad Affane, Sabrine Louala, Nour El Imane Harrat, Fatima Bensalah, Hadjera Chekkal, Amine Allaoui, Myriem Lamri-Senhadji
AIMS: Fish by-products valorization on account of their richness in bioactive compounds may represent a better alternative to marine products with a view to economic profitability and sustainable development. In this study, we compared the effect of sardine by-product proteins (SBy-P), with those of the fillets (SF-P) or casein (Cas), on growth parameters, serum leptin level, lipids disorders, lipid peroxidation and reverse cholesterol transport, in diet-induced obese rats. MAIN METHODS: Obesity was induced by feeding rats a high-fat diet (20% sheep fat), during 12 weeks...
March 2, 2018: Life Sciences
Solomon Oladapo Rotimi, Isaacson Bababode Adelani, Goodness Esther Bankole, Oluwakemi Anuoluwapo Rotimi
Naringin, a citrus-derived flavonoid with antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic, and antioxidant properties, is reported to be a useful nutraceutical in the management of diabetes and its complications. This study investigated the mechanism of antiatherogenic properties of naringin in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) using high fat-low streptozocin rat model of T2DM. Rats were treated daily with 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg naringin orally for 21days. Levels of biomarkers of T2DM, lipid profile and activity of paraoxonase (PON) were assayed spectrophotometrically...
March 1, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Aída J Velarde-Salcedo, Evelyn Regalado-Rentería, Rodrigo Velarde-Salcedo, Bertha I Juárez-Flores, Alberto Barrera-Pacheco, Elvira González de Mejía, Ana P Barba de la Rosa
BACKGROUND/AIM: Amaranth is a source of several bioactive compounds, among which peptides with inhibitory activity upon dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) have been reported. However, there is no information about the action of amaranth DPP-IV-inhibitory peptides using in vivo models. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of amaranth consumption on plasma and kidney DPP-IV activity as well the changes in plasma proteome profile of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
Zhengjun Wang, Shiqiao Chen, Mei Zhu, Wenlong Zhang, Haizhou Zhang, Hongxin Li, Chengwei Zou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have examined the associations between the single nucleotide polymorphism in the Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene and development of calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS). The association between functional SNP in 3'UTR of PON1 and the risk of CAVS, however, is unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of SNP in the regulation of PON1 expression via miR-616, as well as the association of SNP with the risk of CAVS. METHODS: Two hundred and sixteen patients with CAVS and 243 CAVS-free participants were recruited in this study...
February 15, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Pinar Karakaya, Bahar Ozdemir, Meral Mert, Yildiz Okuturlar
AIM: The sodium-sparing effect of insulin leads to increase in total sodium pool of the body which is a chronic stimulus for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). In our study we aimed to determine the relationship between ANP and microvascular complications of diabetes. METHODS: 60 patients, 30-70 years old, with the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are enrolled into the study. Patients with a chronic disease other than DM are excluded. Blood samples for routine biochemical tests are taken after at least 12 h fasting at 8-9 am...
February 14, 2018: Obesity Facts
Simone Cristina Pinto Matheus Fischer, Simone Pires Pinto, Lívia Campos do Amaral Silva Lins, Henrique Tria Bianco, Carlos Manoel de Castro Monteiro, Luiz Fernando Muniz Pinheiro, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Izar
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a condition that, when associated with ischemic heart disease and cardiovascular events, can be influenced by genetic variants and determine more severe coronary atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the contribution of genetic polymorphisms to the extension and severity of coronary disease in subjects with MS and recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Patients (n = 116, 68% males) aged 56 (9) years, with criteria for MS, were prospectively enrolled to the study during the hospitalization period after an ACS...
February 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
M Igde, P Baran, B G Oksuz, S Topcuoglu, G Karatekin
AIM: We studied the relationship between plasma concentrations of oxidative system markers, vitamin D, and respiratory functions in children with asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety one children aged 6-17 years with stable asthma seen in the clinic had the serum concentrations of oxidative system markers [total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidative status (TOS), paraoxonase-1 activity (PON-1), and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3] and respiratory functions were measured...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Khung-Keong Yeo, Ehrin J Armstrong, Javier E López, Debbie C Chen, Gregory G Westin, Chin-Shang Li, David Anderson, Amy Hua, Anil Singapuri, Ezra A Amsterdam, Nipavan Chiamvimonvat, John R Laird
OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to examine the prevalence and genetic predictors of aspirin and clopidogrel high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HoTPR), and associated adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). BACKGROUND: The association of aspirin and clopidogrel HoTPR with outcomes in PAD remains unclear. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients with angiographically documented PAD involving carotid and lower extremity arteries...
February 7, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Panneerselvam Gomathi, Anandi Chandramouli Iyer, Ponniah Senthil Murugan, Sundaresan Sasikumar, Nancy Bright Arul Joseph Raj, Divya Ganesan, Sivagnanam Nallaperumal, Maruthamuthu Murugan, Govindan Sadasivam Selvam
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Insulin resistance plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Recently, paraoxonase-1(PON1) is reported to have an ability to reduce insulin resistance by promoting glucose transporter-4 (GLUT-4) expression in vitro. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in PON1 is associated with variability in enzyme activity and concentration. Based on this we aimed to investigate the association of PON1 (Q192R and L55M) polymorphisms with the risk of developing insulin resistance in adult South Indian population...
January 31, 2018: Gene
Carlos Moya, Salvador Máñez
Atherosclerosis is one of the leading causes of death in Western countries, with high-density lipoproteins (HDL) playing an important protective role due to their ability to inhibit oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), thus relieving vascular subendothelial damage. One of the proteins constituting HDL particles is paraoxonase-1 (PON1), an enzyme able to hydrolyze aryl esters, lactones, and organophosphates. Other closely related paraoxonases are designated as PON2, which is a protein localized inside many different kinds of cells, and PON3, not only present in HDL but also in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum, as well...
February 6, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Knut Tore Lappegård, Christian Abendstein Kjellmo, Stefan Ljunggren, Karin Cederbrant, Maritha Marcusson-Ståhl, Monica Mathisen, Helen Karlsson, Anders Hovland
Lipoprotein apheresis and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors are last therapeutic resorts in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). We explored changes in lipoprotein subclasses and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) function when changing treatment from lipoprotein apheresis to PCSK9 inhibition. We measured the levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and HDL particle subclasses, serum amyloid A1 (SAA1), paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity and cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) in three heterozygous FH patients...
January 4, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Denis Pavăl, Bogdan Nemeș, Răzvan L Rusu, Eleonora Dronca
Objective: Recent studies suggest a possible involvement of low paraoxonase 1 (PON1) enzyme activities in the association between schizophrenia, treatment with atypical antipsychotics and increased cardiovascular (CVD) risk. In the present study, we aimed at investigating the PON1 status in a group of schizophrenic patients treated with either olanzapine or other antipsychotic, as compared to a group of healthy control participants. Methods: We assessed the arylesterase (AREase) and paraoxonase (POase) activities of PON1, as well as three common polymorphisms of PON1 gene (Q192R, L55M, -108C>T)...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Igrid García-González, Roger Iván López-Díaz, José Reyes Canché-Pech, Alberto de Jesús Solís-Cárdenas, Jorge A Flores-Ocampo, Renán Mendoza-Alcocer, Luis Fernando Herrera-Sánchez, Marco Antonio Jiménez-Rico, Adrián Alejandro Ceballos-López, María E López-Novelo
OBJECTIVE: Epistasis is a type of genetic interaction that could explain much of the phenotypic variability of complex diseases. In this work, the effect of epistasis of metabolic genes and cardiovascular risk on the susceptibility to the development of ischemic heart disease in Yucatan was determined. METHODS: Case-control study in 79 Yucatecan patients with ischemic heart disease and 101 healthy controls matched by age and origin with cases. The polymorphisms -108CT, Q192R, L55M (paraoxonase 1; PON1), C677T, A1298C (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase; MTHFR), and the presence/absence of the glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) gene were genotyped...
January 28, 2018: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
Serena Benedetti, Simona Catalani, Federica Peda, Francesca Luchetti, Roberto Citarella, Serafina Battistelli
The impact of the 24-h ultramarathon race on homocysteine (Hcy) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) levels, two well-recognized cardiovascular risk factors, has not been deeply investigated. Similarly, no information exists on paraoxonase 1 (PON1), an antioxidant enzyme associated with high-density lipoproteins, which may detoxify oxLDL and Hcy-thiolactone, hence preventing their proatherogenic action. Taking this into account, a competitive 24-h ultramarathon race was organized in Reggio-Emilia (Italy) recruiting professional runners (n = 14) from the Italian Ultramarathon and Trail Association...
2018: PloS One
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