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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627378/practical-risk-score-for-5-10-and-20-year-prediction-of-dementia-in%C3%A2-elderly-persons-framingham-heart-study
#1
Jinlei Li, Matthew Ogrodnik, Sherral Devine, Sanford Auerbach, Philip A Wolf, Rhoda Au
INTRODUCTION: With a rapidly aging population, general practitioners are confronting the challenge of how to determine those who are at greatest risk for dementia and potentially need more specialized follow-up to mitigate symptoms early in its course. We created a practical dementia risk score and provided individualized estimates of future dementia risk. METHODS: Using the Framingham Heart Study data, we built our prediction model using Cox proportional hazard models and developed a point system for the risk score and risk estimates...
June 13, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620545/cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-women-with-self-reported-infertility
#2
Shruthi Mahalingaiah, Fangui Sun, J Jojo Cheng, Erika T Chow, Kathryn L Lunetta, Joanne M Murabito
BACKGROUND: Amongst women with certain types of ovulatory disorder infertility, the studies are conflicting whether there is an increased risk of long-term cardiovascular disease risk. This paper evaluates the associations of several CVD risk factors among Framingham women with self-reported infertility. METHODS: Women who completed the Framingham Heart Study Third Generation and Omni Cohort 2 Exam 2 (2008-2011), and reported on past history of infertility and current cardiovascular disease status were included in this cross-sectional study...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611898/utility-of-the-history-and-physical-examination-in-the-detection-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-emergency-department-patients
#3
REVIEW
Zachary Dw Dezman, Amal Mattu, Richard Body
Chest pain accounts for approximately 6% of all emergency department (ED) visits and is the most common reason for emergency hospital admission. One of the most serious diagnoses emergency physicians must consider is acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This is both common and serious, as ischemic heart disease remains the single biggest cause of death in the western world. The history and physical examination are cornerstones of our diagnostic approach in this patient group. Their importance is emphasized in guidelines, but there is little evidence to support their supposed association...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610624/normal-limits-of-the-electrocardiogram-derived-from-a-large-database-of-brazilian-primary-care-patients
#4
Daniel M F Palhares, Milena S Marcolino, Thales M M Santos, José L P da Silva, Paulo R Gomes, Leonardo B Ribeiro, Peter W Macfarlane, Antonio L P Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the normal limits of the electrocardiogram (ECG) is mandatory for establishing which patients have abnormal ECGs. No studies have assessed the reference standards for a Latin American population. Our aim was to establish the normal ranges of the ECG for pediatric and adult Brazilian primary care patients. METHODS: This retrospective observational study assessed all the consecutive 12-lead digital electrocardiograms of primary care patients at least 1 year old in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, recorded between 2010 and 2015...
June 13, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608963/relationship-between-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-risk-scores-including-framingham-risk-score-and-acc-aha-risk-score
#5
Bora Lee, Sang Wook Lee, Hye Rim Kang, Dae In Kim, Hwa Yeon Sun, Jae Heon Kim
AIMS: This study attempted to investigate the association between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and CVD risk scores and to overcome the limitations of previous relevant studies. METHODS: A total of 2994 ostensibly healthy males, who participated in a voluntary health check in a health promotion center from January 2010 to December 2014, were reviewed. CVD risk scores were calculated using Framingham risk score and American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) score...
June 13, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606059/observed-versus-predicted-cardiovascular-events-and-all-cause-death-in-hiv-infection-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Giacomo Pucci, Franco Baldelli, Giuseppe Schillaci
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the applicability of an algorithm predicting 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) generated in the setting of the Framingham Heart Study to a real-life, contemporary Italian cohort of HIV-positive subjects. METHODS: The study was an observational longitudinal cohort study. The probability for 10-year CVD events according to the Framingham algorithm was assessed in 369 consecutive HIV-positive participants free from overt CVD enrolled in 2004, who were followed for a median of 10...
June 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605427/residential-proximity-to-major-roadways-fine-particulate-matter-and-hepatic-steatosis-the-framingham-heart-study
#7
Wenyuan Li, Kirsten S Dorans, Elissa H Wilker, Mary B Rice, Michelle T Long, Joel Schwartz, Brent A Coull, Petros Koutrakis, Diane R Gold, Caroline S Fox, Murray A Mittleman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600367/development-and-validation-of-a-risk-stratification-model-for-prediction-of-disability-and-hospitalisation-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-study-protocol
#8
Luis García-Olmos, Francisco Rodríguez-Salvanés, Maurice Batlle-Pérez, Río Aguilar-Torres, Carlos Porro-Fernández, Alfredo García-Cabello, Montserrat Carmona, Sergio Ruiz-Alonso, Sofía Garrido-Elustondo, Ángel Alberquilla, Luis María Sánchez-Gómez, Ricardo Sánchez de Madariaga, Elena Monge-Navarrete, Luis Benito-Ortiz, Nicolás Baños-Pérez, Amaya Simón-Puerta, Ana Belén López Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel Martínez-Álvarez, María Ángeles Velilla-Celma, María Isabel Bernal-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) reduces quality of life and causes hospitalisation and death. Identifying predictive factors of such events may help change the natural history of this condition. AIM: To develop and validate a stratification system for classifying patients with CHF, according to their degree of disability and need for hospitalisation due to any unscheduled cause, over a period of 1 year. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Prospective, concurrent, cohort-type study in two towns in the Madrid autonomous region having a combined population of 1 32 851...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597569/cross-sectional-relations-of-whole-blood-mirna-expression-levels-and-hand-grip-strength-in-a-community-sample
#9
Joanne M Murabito, Jian Rong, Kathryn L Lunetta, Tianxiao Huan, Honghuang Lin, Qiang Zhao, Jane E Freedman, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Daniel Levy, Martin G Larson
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression with emerging data suggesting miRNAs play a role in skeletal muscle biology. We sought to examine the association of miRNAs with grip strength in a community-based sample. Framingham Heart Study Offspring and Generation 3 participants (n = 5668 54% women, mean age 55 years, range 24, 90 years) underwent grip strength measurement and miRNA profiling using whole blood from fasting morning samples. Linear mixed-effects regression modeling of grip strength (kg) versus continuous miRNA 'Cq' values and versus binary miRNA expression was performed...
June 8, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593120/addition-of-estimated-cardiorespiratory-fitness-to-the-clinical-assessment-of-10-year-coronary-heart-disease-risk-in-asymptomatic-men
#10
Jennifer C Gander, Xuemei Sui, James R Hébert, Carl J Lavie, Linda J Hazlett, Bo Cai, Steven N Blair
The Framingham Risk Score (FRS) was developed to quantify a patient's coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Non-exercise estimated CRF (e-CRF) may provide a clinically practical method for describing cardiorespiratory fitness. We computed e-CRF and tested its association with the FRS and CHD. Male participants (n = 29,854) in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) who completed a baseline examination between 1979-2002 were followed for 12 years to determine incident CHD defined by self-report of myocardial infarction, revascularization, or CHD mortality...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566229/-cardiovascular-risk-and-cardiovascular-events-in-the-general-population-of-the-sanitary-area-of-toledo-ricarto-study
#11
G C Rodríguez-Roca, L Rodríguez-Padial, F J Alonso-Moreno, A Segura-Fragoso, A Villarín-Castro, M L Rodríguez-García, A Menchén-Herreros, G A Rojas-Martelo, J A Fernández-Conde, L M Artigao-Rodenas, J A Carbayo-Herencia, C Escobar-Cervantes, J Hernández-Moreno, J Fernández-Martín
INTRODUCTION: The main aim of this study is to ascertain the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF), target organ damage (TOD), cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as life habits (physical exercise, alcohol consumption, and Mediterranean diet) in the population of a Health Area in Toledo, Spain, to assess cardiovascular risk (CVR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Epidemiological and observational study that will analyse a sample from the general population aged 18 years or older, randomly selected from a database of health cards, and stratified by age and gender...
May 26, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559398/prevalence-correlates-and-prognosis-of-healthy-vascular-aging-in-a-western-community-dwelling-cohort-the-framingham-heart-study
#12
Teemu J Niiranen, Asya Lyass, Martin G Larson, Naomi M Hamburg, Emelia J Benjamin, Gary F Mitchell, Ramachandran S Vasan
Hypertension and increased vascular stiffness are viewed as inevitable parts of aging. To elucidate whether the age-related decrease in vascular function is avoidable, we assessed the prevalence, correlates, and prognosis of healthy vascular aging (HVA) in 3196 Framingham Study participants aged ≥50 years. We defined HVA as absence of hypertension and pulse wave velocity <7.6 m/s (mean+2 SD of a reference sample aged <30 years). Overall, 566 (17.7%) individuals had HVA, with prevalence decreasing from 30...
May 30, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558776/association-between-epicondylitis-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-pooled-occupational-cohorts
#13
Kurt T Hegmann, Matthew S Thiese, Jay Kapellusch, Andrew Merryweather, Stephen Bao, Barbara Silverstein, Eric M Wood, Richard Kendall, James Foster, David L Drury, Arun Garg
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of lateral epicondylitis (LE) is unclear. Recent evidence suggests some common musculoskeletal disorders may have a basis in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Thus, we examined CVD risks as potential LE risks. METHODS: Workers (n = 1824) were enrolled in two large prospective studies and underwent structured interviews and physical examinations at baseline. Analysis of pooled baseline data assessed the relationships separately between a modified Framingham Heart Study CVD risk score and three prevalence outcomes of: 1) lateral elbow pain, 2) positive resisted wrist or middle finger extension, and 3) a combination of both symptoms and at least one resisted maneuver...
May 30, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546848/estimation-of-maximal-oxygen-consumption-and-heart-rate-recovery-using-the-tecumseh-sub-maximal-step-test-and-their-relationship-to-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#14
Alun D Hughes, Nish Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: Maximum aerobic capacity (VO2max) is associated with lower cardiovascular and total mortality. Step tests can be used to provide an estimate of (VO2max) in epidemiological or home-based studies. We compared different methods of estimation of VO2max and heart rate recovery and evaluated the relationship of these estimates with cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Data were analysed from 2286 participants in the Tecumseh Community Health Study (>16y and <70y) who performed a step test...
June 2017: Artery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536154/gastric-bypass-surgery-produces-a-durable-reduction-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-reduces-the-long-term-risks-of-congestive-heart-failure
#15
Peter N Benotti, G Craig Wood, David J Carey, Vishal C Mehra, Tooraj Mirshahi, Michelle R Lent, Anthony T Petrick, Christopher Still, Glenn S Gerhard, Annemarie G Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Obesity and its association with reduced life expectancy are well established, with cardiovascular disease as one of the major causes of fatality. Metabolic surgery is a powerful intervention for severe obesity, resulting in improvement in comorbid diseases and in cardiovascular risk factors. This study investigates the relationship between metabolic surgery and long-term cardiovascular events. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cohort of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) patients was tightly matched by age, body mass index, sex, Framingham Risk Score, smoking history, use of antihypertension medication, diabetes mellitus status, and calendar year with a concurrent cohort of nonoperated control patients...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535172/invited-commentary-the-framingham-offspring-study-a-pioneering-investigation-into-familial-aggregation-of-cardiovascular-risk
#16
JoAnn E Manson, Shari S Bassuk
Launched in 1948, the Framingham Heart Study was a seminal prospective cohort study of 5,209 adult residents of Framingham, Massachusetts, that was designed to uncover the determinants and natural history of coronary heart disease. Data from this original cohort established the cardiac threat posed by high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, diabetes, and other factors. In the late 1960s, investigators conceived the innovative idea of assembling a second cohort that comprised the adult children of the original study population (and these children's spouses)...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526763/self-reported-stroke-risk-stratification-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-study
#17
George Howard, Leslie A McClure, Claudia S Moy, Virginia J Howard, Suzanne E Judd, Ya Yuan, D Leann Long, Paul Muntner, Monika M Safford, Dawn O Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The standard for stroke risk stratification is the Framingham Stroke Risk Function (FSRF), an equation requiring an examination for blood pressure assessment, venipuncture for glucose assessment, and ECG to determine atrial fibrillation and heart disease. We assess a self-reported stroke risk function (SRSRF) to stratify stroke risk in comparison to the FSRF. METHODS: Participants from the REGARDS study (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) were evaluated at baseline and followed for incident stroke...
May 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521775/genome-wide-association-study-of-subclinical-interstitial-lung-disease-in-mesa
#18
Ani Manichaikul, Xin-Qun Wang, Li Sun, Josée Dupuis, Alain C Borczuk, Jennifer N Nguyen, Ganesh Raghu, Eric A Hoffman, Suna Onengut-Gumuscu, Emily A Farber, Joel D Kaufman, Dan Rabinowitz, Karen D Hinckley Stukovsky, Steven M Kawut, Gary M Hunninghake, George R Washko, George T O'Connor, Stephen S Rich, R Graham Barr, David J Lederer
BACKGROUND: We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of subclinical interstitial lung disease (ILD), defined as high attenuation areas (HAA) on CT, in the population-based Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Study. METHODS: We measured the percentage of high attenuation areas (HAA) in the lung fields on cardiac CT scan defined as voxels with CT attenuation values between -600 and -250 HU. Genetic analyses were performed in MESA combined across race/ethnic groups: non-Hispanic White (n = 2,434), African American (n = 2,470), Hispanic (n = 2,065) and Chinese (n = 702), as well as stratified by race/ethnicity...
May 18, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507654/cost-effectiveness-of-pharmacist-care-for-managing-hypertension-in-canada
#19
Carlo Marra, Karissa Johnston, Valerie Santschi, Ross T Tsuyuki
BACKGROUND: More than half of all heart disease and stroke are attributable to hypertension, which is associated with approximately 10% of direct medical costs globally. Clinical trial evidence has demonstrated that the benefits of pharmacist intervention, including education, consultation and/or prescribing, can help to reduce blood pressure; a recent Canadian trial found an 18.3 mmHg reduction in systolic blood pressure associated with pharmacist care and prescribing. The objective of this study was to evaluate the economic impact of such an intervention in a Canadian setting...
May 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500036/heritability-and-risks-associated-with-early-onset-hypertension-multigenerational-prospective-analysis-in-the-framingham-heart-study
#20
Teemu J Niiranen, Elizabeth L McCabe, Martin G Larson, Mir Henglin, Neal K Lakdawala, Ramachandran S Vasan, Susan Cheng
Objective To determine the role of early onset versus late onset hypertension as a risk factor for hypertension in offspring and cardiovascular death.Design Multigenerational, prospective cohort study.Setting Framingham Heart Study.Participants Two generations of community dwelling participants with blood pressure measurements performed at serial examinations spanning six decades: 3614 first generation participants with mortality data and 1635 initially non-hypertensive second generation participants with data available on parental blood pressure...
May 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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