keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anorectal dysfunction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097524/pubovisceralis-muscle-fiber-architecture-determination-comparison-between-biomechanical-modeling-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#1
Sofia Brandão, Marco Parente, Elisabete Silva, Thuane Da Roza, Teresa Mascarenhas, João Leitão, João Cunha, Renato Natal Jorge, Rita Gouveia Nunes
Biomechanical analysis of pelvic floor dysfunction requires knowledge of certain biomechanical parameters, such as muscle fiber direction, in order to adequately model function. Magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provides an estimate of overall muscle fiber directionality based on the mathematical description of water diffusivity. This work aimed at evaluating the concurrence between pubovisceralis muscle fiber representations obtained from DTI, and the maximum principal stress lines obtained through the finite element method...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062871/-chronic-diarrhea-in-the-diabetic-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Juan Sebastián Frías Ordoñez, William Otero Regino
The association of diarrhea with diabetes mellitus has been known for more than 70 years. In diabetic patients its prevalence is around 20%.Its clinical manifestations are diverse, and represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.There are certain diagnoses of higher prevalence in diabetic patients than in the general population.The different related etiologies can be adequately diagnosed through the clinical history and complementary diagnostic tests.The medications used by the diabetic patient to manage their disease often cause chronic diarrhea, so the pharmacological background should be studied at the time of the study of diarrhea...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058590/sphincter-saving-resection-by-cluneal-arched-skin-incision-for-a-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-gist-of-the-lower-rectum-a-case-report
#3
Hirofumi Tazawa, Yuzo Hirata, Yoshio Kuga, Toshihiro Nishida, Hideto Sakimoto
BACKGROUND: Planning the surgical strategy for a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) at the posterior wall of the lower rectum is difficult, as the procedures for the lower rectum are hampered by poor visualization and may cause anal dysfunction or discomfort. We report a novel procedure to resect a submucosal tumor of the rectum. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old woman presented with metrorrhagia. Endovaginal ultrasonography showed a low echoic tumor. Computed tomography showed an enhanced tumor, measuring 5...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042962/analysis-of-recurrent-sacrococcygeal-teratoma-in-children-clinical-features-relapse-risks-and-anorectal-functional-sequelae
#4
Yi Wang, Yeming Wu, Lifeng Wang, Xiaojun Yuan, Mawei Jiang, Yuhua Li
BACKGROUND Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is a relatively uncommon tumor. Recurrence with poor survival and anorectal dysfunction are the 2 leading problems for patients. Here, we would review the clinic features of patients with SCTs in our hospital to identify risk factors of recurrent SCTs and to analyze anorectal functional sequelae. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective review of all patients with SCTs in our center between 2007 and 2013 was performed. We analyzed the recorded data on each patient and performed follow-up through phone calls...
January 2, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040503/are-interferential-electrical-stimulation-and-diaphragmatic-breathing-exercises-beneficial-in-children-with-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction
#5
Vesna D Zivkovic, Ivona Stankovic, Lidija Dimitrijevic, Mirjana Kocic, Hristina Colovic, Marina Vlajkovic, Andjelka Slavkovic, Milica Lazovic
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of interferential current (IC) stimulation and diaphragmatic breathing exercises (DBE) in children with bladder and bowel dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine children with dysfunctional voiding and chronic constipation who were failures of primary care interventions were included in the prospective clinical study. All the children were checked for their medical history regarding LUTS and bowel habits. Physical examination including abdominal and anorectal digital examination were performed...
December 28, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013205/clinical-correlates-of-faecal-incontinence-in-systemic-sclerosis-identifying-therapeutic-avenues
#6
Nicolas Richard, Marie Hudson, Geneviève Gyger, Murray Baron, Evelyn Sutton, Nader Khalidi, Janet E Pope, Nathalie Carrier, Maggie Larché, Alexandra Albert, Paul R Fortin, Carter Thorne, Ariel Masetto
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to establish the prevalence and severity of faecal incontinence (FI) in SSc, its association with other intestinal manifestations and potential predictors of FI, and its impact on quality of life. METHODS: A multicentre, cross-sectional study of 298 SSc subjects followed in the Canadian Scleroderma Research Group cohort was performed using validated questionnaires: Jorge-Wexner score (an FI severity scale), Bristol stool scale (a visual scale of stool consistency) and FI Quality-of-Life scale...
December 24, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000186/-value-of-anorectal-manometry-in-defecation-disorders-and-its-clinical-interpretation
#7
Shuqing Ding
Bowel dysfunction affected by functional factors, mechanical factors or surgical damage may lead to constipation, fecal incontinence and other overlapped symptoms, which is only the tip of the iceberg. Anorectal manometry can provide combined dysfunction information of four subtypes, including sphincter dysfunction, dyssynergic defecation, sensory disability and insufficient rectal expel force, which are underlying pathophysiology of defecation dysfunction. Anorectal manometry can be helpful in optimizing protocol or predicting success in pelvic floor dyssynergic syndrome of defecation, fecal incontinence or anorectal pain, stoma closure and pediatric intractable constipation...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894710/bowel-dysfunction-after-anastomotic-leakage-in-laparoscopic-sphincter-saving-operative-intervention-for-rectal-cancer-a-case-matched-study-in-46-patients-using-the-low-anterior-resection-score
#8
Elisabeth Hain, Gilles Manceau, Léon Maggiori, Cécile Mongin, Justine Prost À la Denise, Yves Panis
BACKGROUND: After sphincter-saving operation for rectal cancer, the impact of anastomotic leakage on function has been well studied. The purpose of the present work was to assess the influence of symptomatic and asymptomatic anastomotic leakage on bowel function and health-related quality of life using the Low Anterior Resection Syndrome score and the disease-specific questionnaire European Organization for Research and Treatment of Quality of Life Questionnaire for Colorectal Cancer...
November 25, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861223/gastrointestinal-and-urologic-sphincter-dysfunction-in-stiff-person-syndrome
#9
Oana M Dumitrascu, Evgeny I Tsimerinov, Richard A Lewis
OBJECTIVES: Stiff person syndrome is a neurologic disorder characterized by axial rigidity leading to progressive disability, with broad clinical spectrum. METHODS: We report 2 cases with unique clinical presentation. RESULTS: Two young men suffered progressive urinary retention requiring bladder catheterization, anorectal spasms and constipation, complicated subsequently with lower extremity trigger-induced spasms, and gait instability. Associated symptoms revealed brainstem involvement (vertigo, diplopia, and cranial neuropathies) and dysautonomia (abnormal sweating and orthostatic hypotension)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843572/utility-of-high-resolution-anorectal-manometry-and-wireless-motility-capsule-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-chronic-constipation
#10
Andrew Su, Rita Gandhy, Carrolee Barlow, George Triadafilopoulos
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of constipation in Parkinson's disease remains poorly understood. Defaecatory dyssynergia, anal sphincter spasticity and slow transit constipation may, individually or collectively, play a role. AIMS: In this retrospective cohort analysis of patients with Parkinson's disease and chronic constipation, we determined the utility of high-resolution anorectal manometry, balloon expulsion and wireless motility capsule testing in defining the underlying aetiology for constipation...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824705/correlation-between-echodefecography-and-3-dimensional-vaginal-ultrasonography-in-the-detection-of-perineal-descent-in-women-with-constipation-symptoms
#11
Sthela M Murad-Regadas, Francisco Sergio Pinheiro Regadas, Lusmar V Rodrigues, Adjra da Silva Vilarinho, Guilherme Buchen, Livia Olinda Borges, Lara B Veras, Mariana Murad da Cruz
BACKGROUND: Defecography is an established method of evaluating dynamic anorectal dysfunction, but conventional defecography does not allow for visualization of anatomic structures. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the use of dynamic 3-dimensional endovaginal ultrasonography for evaluating perineal descent in comparison with echodefecography (3-dimensional anorectal ultrasonography) and to study the relationship between perineal descent and symptoms and anatomic/functional abnormalities of the pelvic floor...
December 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774569/an-international-urogynecological-association-iuga-international-continence-society-ics-joint-report-on-the-terminology-for-female-anorectal-dysfunction
#12
Abdul H Sultan, Ash Monga, Joseph Lee, Anton Emmanuel, Christine Norton, Giulio Santoro, Tracy Hull, Bary Berghmans, Stuart Brody, Bernard T Haylen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The terminology for anorectal dysfunction in women has long been in need of a specific clinically-based Consensus Report. METHODS: This Report combines the input of members of the Standardization and Terminology Committees of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted on Committee by experts in their fields to form a Joint IUGA/ICS Working Group on Female Anorectal Terminology...
January 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770550/an-international-urogynecological-association-iuga-international-continence-society-ics-joint-report-on-the-terminology-for-female-anorectal-dysfunction
#13
Abdul H Sultan, Ash Monga, Joseph Lee, Anton Emmanuel, Christine Norton, Giulio Santoro, Tracy Hull, Bary Berghmans, Stuart Brody, Bernard T Haylen
INTRODUCTION: The terminology for anorectal dysfunction in women has long been in need of a specific clinically-based Consensus Report. METHODS: This Report combines the input of members of the Standardization and Terminology Committees of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted on Committee by experts in their fields to form a Joint IUGA/ICS Working Group on Female Anorectal Terminology...
January 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712641/anorectal-and-pelvic-pain
#14
REVIEW
Adil E Bharucha, Tae Hee Lee
Although pelvic pain is a symptom of several structural anorectal and pelvic disorders (eg, anal fissure, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease), this comprehensive review will focus on the 3 most common nonstructural, or functional, disorders associated with pelvic pain: functional anorectal pain (ie, levator ani syndrome, unspecified anorectal pain, and proctalgia fugax), interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome, and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. The first 2 conditions occur in both sexes, while the latter occurs only in men...
October 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676967/neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-translation-and-linguistic-validation-to-classical-arabic
#15
Atika Mallek, Salma Jeribi, Sourour Yaiich, Habib Eleuch, Sameh Ghroubi
OBJECTIVE: To translate and linguistically validate in classical Arabic the French version of the neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Arabic translation was obtained using the "forward translation/backward translation" method. Multiple sclerosis patients and spinal cord injury patients were included. Clinical measures involved the evaluation of the intestinal and anorectal dysfunction. Patients were asked to respond to a questionnaire twice within a 15-day interval...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647462/the-importance-of-a-high-rectal-pressure-on-strain-in-constipated-patients-implications-for-biofeedback-therapy
#16
Y Mazor, R Hansen, G Prott, J Kellow, A Malcolm
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with chronic constipation display a relatively high manometric rectal pressure on strain. We hypothesized that these patients represent a unique phenotype of functional defecatory disorder (FDD) and would benefit from undergoing anorectal biofeedback (BF). METHODS: Of 138 consecutive patients with chronic constipation and symptoms of FDD, 19 were defined as having a high rectal pressure on strain, using a statistically derived cut-off of 78 mm Hg...
September 20, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629783/repair-of-transperineal-recto-urethral-fistula-using-a-fibrin-sealant-haemostatic-patch
#17
Giuseppe Giuliani, Francesco Guerra, Diego Coletta, Marco La Torre, Giorgio Franco, Costantino Leonardo, Aldo Infantino, Filippo La Torre
AIM: Rectourethral fistula (RUF) is a rare complication of radical prostatectomy. We report a trans-perineal approach using a fibrin sealant haemostatic patch. METHOD: Five consecutive patients who developed RUF following radical prostatectomy had a direct transperineal repair with a haemostatic patch (TachoSil(®) ) and were assessed at a median follow up of 35.5 (21-45) months. RESULTS: There were no early postoperative complications. The average length of hospital stay was 5 (4-7) days...
September 15, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568405/-anatomical-consideration-for-the-technique-of-nerve-sparing-during-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervical-cancer
#18
V Balaya, C Ngo, L Rossi, C Cornou, C Bensaid, R Douard, A S Bats, F Lecuru
Radical hysterectomy (RH) is an effective treatment for early-stage cervical cancer IA2 to IIA1 but RH is often associated with several significant complications such as urinary, anorectal and sexual dysfunction due to pelvic nerve injuries. Pelvic autonomic nerves including the superior hypogastric plexus (SHP), hypogastric nerves (HN), pelvic splanchnic nerves (PSN), sacral splanchnic nerves (SSN), inferior hypogastric plexus (IHP) and efferent branches of the IHP. We aimed to precise the neuroanatomy of the female pelvis in order to provide key-points of surgical anatomy to improve NSRH for cervical cancer...
September 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544626/sexual-function-fertility-and-quality-of-life-after-modern-treatment-of-anorectal-malformations
#19
Kristiina Kyrklund, Seppo Taskinen, Risto J Rintala, Mikko P Pakarinen
PURPOSE: Sexual dysfunction and impaired quality of life due to fecal incontinence are common after classic operations for anorectal malformations. We hypothesized that modern repairs may result in improved outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following ethical approval for this single institution cross-sectional study, all patients 16 years or older treated for rectourethral, vestibular or perineal fistula from 1983 onward were sent detailed postal questionnaires on sexual function and quality of life...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464594/a-predictive-model-to-identify-patients-with-fecal-incontinence-based-on-high-definition-anorectal-manometry
#20
Ali Zifan, Melissa Ledgerwood-Lee, Ravinder K Mittal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Three-dimensional high-definition anorectal manometry (3D-HDAM) is used to assess anal sphincter function; it determines profiles of regional pressure distribution along the length and circumference of the anal canal. There is no consensus, however, on the best way to analyze data from 3D-HDAM to distinguish healthy individuals from persons with sphincter dysfunction. We developed a computer analysis system to analyze 3D-HDAM data and to aid in the diagnosis and assessment of patients with fecal incontinence (FI)...
December 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
keyword
keyword
10915
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"