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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314302/kras-mutant-status-may-be-associated-with-distant-recurrence-in-early-stage-rectal-cancer
#1
Michail Sideris, Jane Moorhead, Salvador Diaz-Cano, Amyn Haji, Savvas Papagrigoriadis
BACKGROUND/AIM: Total mesorectal excision combined with neo-adjuvant chemoradiotherary (CRT) and adjuvant chemotherapy, has been the standard treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Although TNM (Tumor, Node, Metastasis) classification for malignant Tumors is still the cornerstone in rectal cancer staging, there has been an effort to identify molecular biomarkers with additional prognostic or predictive value. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed molecular biomarkers on prospectively collected histological specimens and clinical data from a cohort of 135 consecutive rectal cancer cases who underwent radical excision in a tertiary center between 2011-2014 (males=87, females=48, age range=22-89 years, mean=64,67 years, SD=13...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282999/critical-decision-making-in-radiotherapy-for-early-stage-breast-cancer-in-a-neo-adjuvant-treatment-era
#2
Francesca De Felice, Mattia Falchetto Osti, Vitaliana De Sanctis, Daniela Musio, Vincenzo Tombolini
Introduction In breast cancer management, the role of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) has been the subject of intense controversy over the past several years, due to the improvement in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) prescription. One of the most controversial questions regarding indication for adjuvant RT is whether or not RT is essential in patients with early stage disease at diagnosis. The value of adjuvant RT remains highly debatable in those patients with clinically negative nodes at the completion of NACT...
March 10, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272009/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-a-new-standard-for-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#3
Nabil Ismaili
Bladder cancer is the seventh most common cancer and the ninth most common cause of cancer deaths for men worldwide. Cystectomy with pelvic lymph nodes dissection is the standard local treatment of muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) (T2-T4). In the last decade, the management of MIBC had become multidisciplinary involving peri-operative chemotherapy (neo- or adjuvant chemotherapy). Randomized trials and meta-analyses confirmed the survival benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy before local treatment (surgery and/or radiotherapy)...
January 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258786/treatment-recommendations-for-older-women-with-breast-cancer-a-survey-among-surgical-radiation-and-medical-oncologists
#4
V C Hamelinck, A M Stiggelbout, C J H van de Velde, G-J Liefers, E Bastiaannet
PURPOSE: As older women with breast cancer (BC) are underrepresented in trials, it is often unclear what represents the best treatment option for this patient group. To understand how oncologists approach the management of BC in older patients, we assessed their treatment recommendations. METHODS: In an online survey, 106 surgical, 37 radiation and 31 medical oncologists provided a treatment recommendation for hypothetical patients aged >70 years. Scenarios included loco-regional therapy with patient age varying at 76 and 84 years; systemic therapy with Karnofsky performance score varying at 90 and 50%; neo-adjuvant therapy; and adjuvant chemotherapy in triple-negative BC...
February 20, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251360/role-of-3d-in-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#5
Alexandros Charalabopoulos, Bruno Lorenzi, Ali Kordzadeh, Cheuk-Bong Tang, Sritharan Kadirkamanathan, Naga Venkatesh Jayanthi
PURPOSE: Two-stage minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has gained popularity in the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer. MIE's limitation is embedded in the construction of intrathoracic anastomosis. Various anastomotic techniques have been reported; however, the mechanical one remains the most commonly adopted. This pilot study aims to describe an efficient, safe, and reproducible way of performing a hand-sewn intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomosis in conjunction with short-term results using 2D and 3D thoracoscopic approaches...
March 1, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245287/study-of-association-and-molecular-analysis-of-human-papillomavirus-in-breast-cancer-of-indian-patients-clinical-and-prognostic-implication
#6
Saimul Islam, Hemantika Dasgupta, Anirban Roychowdhury, Rittwika Bhattacharya, Nupur Mukherjee, Anup Roy, Gautam Kumar Mandal, Neyaz Alam, Jaydip Biswas, Shyamsundar Mandal, Susanta Roychoudhury, Chinmay Kumar Panda
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes tumors primarily Cervical cancer. Recently, inconsistent reports came up in Breast cancer (BC) too. In India, despite treatment 70,218 BC patients die each year. So, we explored the association of HPV, if any, with BC prognosis in Indian pre-therapeutic (PT) and Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) patients with subsequent analysis of HPV profile. METHODS: HPV prevalence was checked and analysis of physical status, copy number, genome variation, promoter methylation and expression (mRNA and protein) of the prevalent subtype was done...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217830/relationship-between-alcohol-metabolism-and-chemotherapy-induced-emetic-events-in-breast-cancer-patients
#7
Toshitaka Uomori, Yoshiya Horimoto, Kaoru Mogushi, Joe Matsuoka, Mitsue Saito
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) can negatively affect quality of life and treatment compliance in breast cancer patients. Habitual alcohol consumption reportedly shows an inverse correlation with CINV, though the underlying mechanism is unknown. Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), one of the two ALDH isozymes, is reportedly the major factor among several genetic polymorphisms possibly affecting alcohol metabolism. More than 40% of Japanese have ALDH2 mutations, while almost all Westerners have the wild type...
February 20, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208865/adult-neuroblastoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Vishwapriya Mahadev Godkhindi, Maheboob M Basade, Kamran Khan, Kiran Thorat
Neuroblastoma is the most common solid malignant neoplasm in the paediatric age group; accounting for 7% of all childhood malignancies, but neuroblastoma in adult, is a rare occurrence, finding mention in aeons of medical literature with an overall incidence of 1 in 10 million adults/year. We report the case of a 24-year-old male patient presenting with the complaints of progressive abdominal distention of 2 months duration. Multiple Detector Computed Tomography (MD-CT) of abdomen revealed a huge enhancing mass in the retroperitoneum abutting the left kidney, and a subsequent CT-guided biopsy and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of ganglioneuroblastoma...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203424/a-phase-iii-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-of-neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-paclitaxel-plus-cisplatin-versus-surgery-alone-for-stage-iia-iiib-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
Yan Zheng, Yin Li, Xianben Liu, Ruixiang Zhang, Zongfei Wang, Haibo Sun, Shilei Liu
BACKGROUND: The survival benefits of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for esophagus squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains controversial. The surgical procedure was not well defined in NAC strategy, in past trials. The different surgical procedure and different levels of lymphadenectomy may decrease the survival benefits from NAC. The new chemotherapy regimen with paclitaxel is promising. The purpose of this study is to confirm the superiority of paclitaxel, cisplatin and McKeown esophagectomy with total two-field lymphadenectomy compared with surgery alone for ESCC...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191807/neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-a-retrospective-analysis-from-tertiary-care-centre
#10
Deepti Sharma, Garima Singh
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in India. The incidence of LABC is 30%-40% in developing countries as compared to developed countries, lack of awareness and screening programmes in developing countries are supposed to be main contributor of this increase incidence. The use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced breast cancer has shown benefits in down staging of tumors, and increases the rate of breast conserving surgeries. AIM: The aim was to compare response rate (clinical and pathological), the disease free survival, and overall survival in two chemotherapy regime...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191695/breast-cancer-in-pregnancy-avoiding-fetal-harm-when-maternal-treatment-is-necessary
#11
Christina N Cordeiro, Mary L Gemignani
The management of breast cancer during pregnancy poses unique challenges and requires a multi-disciplinary approach. In this review, we discuss the treatment of breast cancer in pregnancy and recent updates regarding the safety of surgical and chemotherapeutic treatments, including both oncologic and fetal outcomes. The treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy mirrors that outside of pregnancy, with a few important differences dictated by the balance of maternal versus fetal health. Overall, surgical treatment, neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, and/or adjuvant chemotherapy are feasible in most women during pregnancy...
March 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187858/impact-of-the-c-reactive-protein-to-albumin-ratio-on-long-term-outcomes-after-hepatic-resection-for-colorectal-liver-metastases
#12
Koichiro Haruki, Hiroaki Shiba, Takashi Horiuchi, Taro Sakamoto, Takeshi Gocho, Yuki Fujiwara, Kenei Furukawa, Takeyuki Misawa, Katsuhiko Yanaga
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the association C-reactive protein to albumin (CRP/Alb) ratio, a novel inflammation based prognostic score, and long-term outcomes among patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) after hepatic resection. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 106 patients who underwent hepatic resection for CRLM and explored the relationship between CRP/Alb ratio and long-term outcomes. RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, more than 4 lymph node metastases (p = 0...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185173/ovarian-function-suppression-in-premenopausal-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Matteo Lambertini, Lucia Del Mastro, Giulia Viglietti, Noam F Pondé, Cinzia Solinas, Evandro de Azambuja
Breast cancers arising in young women are biologically more aggressive, and most of these patients are candidates to receive aggressive treatments that include the use of chemotherapy. As most of these tumors express the hormone receptors (i.e., luminal disease), these patients are also candidates to adjuvant endocrine therapy. Chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea showed to be prognostic in young patients with luminal breast cancer. However, the role of ovarian function suppression (OFS) in addition to standard adjuvant treatments has been largely debated over the past years...
January 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174294/trastuzumab-in-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-positive-early-breast-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-noninterventional-study-on-routine-treatment-between-2006-and-2012-in-germany
#14
Peter Dall, Thorsten Koch, Thomas Göhler, Johannes Selbach, Andreas Ammon, Jochen Eggert, Nidal Gazawi, Daniela Rezek, Arthur Wischnik, Carsten Hielscher, Stella Keitel, Ursula Cirrincione, Axel Hinke, Gabriele Feisel-Schwickardi
PURPOSE: Trastuzumab is part of the standard treatment in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive early breast cancer in addition to (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy. This German prospective noninterventional study, which included major patient cohorts underrepresented in the pivotal randomized studies, examined the generalizability of the results of those studies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2012, 4,027 patients were enrolled and treated with trastuzumab; they were unselected regarding age or concomitant/sequential adjuvant chemotherapy...
February 7, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164759/neoadjuvant-therapy-for-her2-positive-breast-cancer
#15
Rachel Wuerstlein, Nadia Harbeck
In HER2-positive early breast cancer, neoadjuvant treatment with a combination of sequential chemotherapy and HER2-targeted therapy is currently the standard of care. This is followed by breast surgery, radiotherapy (if indicated), completion of 12 months of HER2-directed therapy, and -depending on the tumor biology - endocrine adjuvant therapy, and ultimately follow up. 10-year survival rates in the HER2-positive subgroup of breast cancer do reach now more than 75% with the introduction of first adjvuant and later neoadjuvant HER2-targeted therapies over the last 15 years...
February 2, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152687/feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy-of-a-proactive-telephone-intervention-to-improve-toxicity-management-during-chemotherapy
#16
Cassandra McKay, Heekyung Han, Sonal Gandhi, Nicole Beatrice Laferriere, Clare Atzema, Kelvin K Chan, Doris Howell, Vishal Kukreti, Yvonne Leung, Aliya Pardhan, Sandy Mitchell, Marla Nayer, Mark Pasetka, Jane Yao, Erin Redwood
105 Background: Chemotherapy (chemo) is associated with a significant risk of toxicity, which often peaks between ambulatory visits. Consequently, effective remote symptom management support is essential to optimize self-management and resource use, including emergency department visits and hospitalizations (ED+H) during chemo. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability and effects of a telephone management intervention on symptomatic toxicity and resource use during chemo for early stage breast cancer (EBC)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133218/-a-patient-with-a-pathological-complete-response-to-neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer-followed-by-recurrence-after-six-months
#17
Keiko Hayashi, Mina Waraya, Takeyoshi Habiro, Satoshi Hosoya, Norihiko Sengoku, Hirokazu Tanino, Kazushige Hayakawa, Madoka Inukai, Makoto Saegusa, Masahiko Watanabe
The patient was a 68-year-old woman who received neo-adjuvant chemotherapy(4 courses of weekly paclitaxel plus bevacizumab and 4 courses of 5-fluorouracil epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide)for cT1N1M0, Stage II A right-sided triplenegative breast cancer(TNBC). Right breast-conserving surgery with axillary lymph-node dissection was performed. The postoperative pathological diagnosis was a complete response. Six months after surgery, the patient developed lower and right-sided back pain. Detailed examination revealed multiple metastases to the liver, bone, lymph nodes of the mediastinum, and bile duct...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127175/management-of-bilateral-wilms-tumor-our-experience
#18
Raghunath Bv, Vinay Jadhav, Gowri Shankar, Narendrababu M, Ramesh S
Management of bilateral Wilms' tumor is particularly challenging, considering the chances of recurrence and long-term renal function for affected patients. Aggressive surgical resection to prevent recurrence must be balanced with the desire to preserve renal function. We evaluated our experience in the management of bilateral Wilms' tumor stressing the challenges encountered in decision making and the role of nephron sparing surgery. We had four children presenting with bilateral Wilms' tumor. All of them were appropriately staged and given standard chemotherapy as per NWTS-5 guidelines...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109404/how-could-breast-cancer-molecular-features-contribute-to-locoregional-treatment-decision-making
#19
REVIEW
Pelagia G Tsoutsou, Marie-Catherine Vozenin, André-Dante Durham, Jean Bourhis
Systemic treatments are tailored to breast cancer (BC) heterogeneity, which is not yet taken into account for radiotherapy (RT) personalization. The primary objective of this review is to summarize existing data suggesting BC subtypes and genetic assays are prognostic and predictive biomarkers useful for RT decision-making and to provide implications for their incorporation into future translational and clinical research. The evidence suggesting that BC subtypes also exhibit distinct "locoregional recurrence (LRR)" patterns is retrospective but consistent and validated in over fifteen studies...
February 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104942/accuracy-of-mri-for-prediction-of-response-to-neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-compared-to-other-subtypes-of-breast-cancer
#20
Gaurav J Bansal, Divya Santosh
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the prediction of response to neo-adjuvant chemotherapy in triple negative (TN) breast cancer, with respect to other subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were a total of 1610 breast cancers diagnosed between March 2009 and August 2014, out of which 82 patients underwent MRI before and after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy but just before surgery. TN cancers were analyzed with respect to others subtypes...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
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