Read by QxMD icon Read

Veterinary Orthopedics

Margaret E Gruen, Marcela Alfaro-Córdoba, Andrea E Thomson, Alicia C Worth, Ana-Maria Staicu, B Duncan X Lascelles
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Accelerometry is used as an objective measure of physical activity in humans and veterinary species. In cats, one important use of accelerometry is in the study of therapeutics designed to treat degenerative joint disease (DJD) associated pain, where it serves as the most widely applied objective outcome measure. These analyses have commonly used summary measures, calculating the mean activity per-minute over days and comparing between treatment periods. While this technique has been effective, information about the pattern of activity in cats is lost...
2017: PloS One
Nick S Rappa, Robert M Radasch
This study classified and determined the post-operative complication rate associated with stabilization of cranial (CCL) ligament deficient stifles in small- to medium-sized dogs with the Arthrex Canine Cranial Cruciate Ligament Repair Anchor System (CCLRAS). Eighty-five medical records from 2009 to 2012 from 1 institution were evaluated. Complications were classified according to previously proposed definitions for orthopedic studies in veterinary medicine. Fifty-two owners were contacted by telephone at least 6 months after surgery and given a questionnaire to classify complications related to the implant...
August 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Lee B Meakin, Oliver P Gilman, Kevin J Parsons, Neil J Burton, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of colored indicator gloves affects perforation detection rate and to identify risk factors for glove perforation during veterinary orthopedic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SAMPLE POPULATION: 574 double pairs of gloves worn during 300 orthopedic surgical procedures (2,296 gloves). METHODS: Primary and assistant surgeons double-gloved for all orthopedic surgical procedures...
August 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Nicole M Scherrer, Mary Lassaline, Dean W Richardson, Darko Stefanovski
OBJECTIVE To determine interval (1-year) prevalence of and factors associated with colic in horses hospitalized for ocular or orthopedic disease. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 105 horses with ocular disease and 197 horses with orthopedic disease admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital between July 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed to determine whether colic (abnormal behavior prompting abdominal palpation per rectum or nasogastric intubation) was observed during hospitalization...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Pierre Trencart, Kate Alexander, Julie De Lasalle, Sheila Laverty
OBJECTIVE: To measure the minimal joint space width (mJSW) in caudocranial radiographic views of orthopedically normal femorotibial joints of horses, to compare the accuracy of measurements with those of a software program designed for humans, and to identify the ideal caudocranial radiographic projection angle for mJSW measurement. ANIMALS 12 healthy mares (22 femorotibial joints) and 3 equine cadavers (6 stifle joints). PROCEDURES: Caudocranial views of femorotibial joints were acquired in the proximodistal plane at 5°, 10°, and 15° (caudo-5°-proximal-craniodistal oblique, 10°, and 15°) and lateromedial plane (caudo-10°-proximo-5°-lateral-craniodistomedial oblique and caudo-10°-proximo-5°-medial-craniodistolateral oblique)...
February 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Justin Shmalberg, Mushtaq A Memon
Integrative veterinary medicine, the combination of complementary and alternative therapies with conventional care, is increasingly prevalent in veterinary practice and a focus of clinical instruction in many academic teaching institutions. However, the presenting complaints, therapeutic modalities, and patient population in an integrative medicine service have not been described. A retrospective analysis of 5,195 integrative patient treatment sessions in a veterinary academic teaching hospital demonstrated that patients most commonly received a combination of therapeutic modalities (39% of all treatment sessions)...
2015: Veterinary Medicine International
Andras Polyak, Lívia Naszályi Nagy, Eszter Drotár, Gabriella Dabasi, Róbert P Jóba, Zita Pöstényi, Renata Mikolajczak, Attila Bóta, Lajos Balogh
The present article describes the preparation of β-emitter lutetium-177-labeled zirconia colloid and its preliminary physicochemical and biological evaluation of suitability for local radionuclide therapy. The new (177)Lu-labeled therapeutic radiopharmaceutical candidate was based on the synthesis mode of a previously described zirconia nanoparticle system. The size and shape of the developed radiopharmaceutical compound were observed through a scanning electron microscope and dynamic light scattering methods...
December 2015: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Elizabeth G Arthur, Gerald L Arthur, Matthew R Keeler, Jeffrey N Bryan
OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate whether open fracture fixation is a significant risk factor for latent osteosarcoma development. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Dogs undergoing open fracture repair and dogs diagnosed with osteosarcoma. METHODS: Records were retrieved from the Veterinary Medical Database VMDB (1970-2000) for dogs undergoing surgical repair of a fracture and dogs diagnosed with osteosarcoma...
January 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Alexandra G Raftery, Ruth A Morgan, Paul D MacFarlane
OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative trends in plasma colloid osmotic pressure (COP) between horses undergoing orthopedic and colic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study September 2009-January 2011. SETTING: Veterinary university teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-three healthy, client-owned horses presenting for orthopedic surgery (non-GI) and 85 client-owned horses presenting for emergency exploratory celiotomy (GI, gastrointestinal)...
January 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Kristina M Kiefer, Timothy D O'Brien, Elizabeth G Pluhar, Michael Conzemius
INTRODUCTION: Stem cell therapy used in clinical application of osteoarthritis in veterinary medicine typically involves intra-articular injection of the cells, however the effect of an osteoarthritic environment on the fate of the cells has not been investigated. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Assess the viability of adipose derived stromal cells following exposure to osteoarthritic joint fluid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adipose derived stromal cells (ASCs) were derived from falciform adipose tissue of five adult dogs, and osteoarthritic synovial fluid (SF) was obtained from ten patients undergoing surgical intervention on orthopedic diseases with secondary osteoarthritis...
2015: Veterinary Record Open
Jarrod R Troy, Mary Sarah Bergh
Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) is the most common cause of pelvic limb lameness in dogs. CCLR results in palpable stifle instability secondary to cranial translation of the tibial relative to the femur, and it can be diagnosed during the orthopedic exam using the cranial drawer test (CDT) and tibial compression test (TCT). Accurate diagnosis of CCLR depends on the efficacy in performing these tests. In this study, two three-dimensional canine pelvic limb models were developed: one simulating a normal stifle and one simulating CCLR...
2015: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Barbara Bruno, Cristiana Maurella, Sara Falco, Alberto Tarducci, Renato Zanatta, Paola Gianella, Antonio D'Angelo, Lisa Piras, Andrea Di Bella, Antonio Borrelli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate blood coagulation using thromboelastometry in dogs following orthopedic surgery. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-four adult client-owned dogs. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Dogs undergoing elective or emergency orthopedic surgery had whole blood collected before (T0), at 24 hours (T1), and 1 week (T2) after surgery...
May 2015: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
M Aleman, D C Williams, A Guedes, J E Madigan
BACKGROUND: An overdose of pentobarbital sodium administered i.v. is the most commonly used method of euthanasia in veterinary medicine. Determining death after the infusion relies on the observation of physical variables. However, it is unknown when cortical electrical activity and brainstem function are lost in a sequence of events before death. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in the electrical activity of the cerebral cortex and brainstem during an overdose of pentobarbital sodium solution for euthanasia...
March 2015: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Miranda J Aiken, Thomas K Hughes, Ralph H Abercromby, Mark A Holmes, Angus A Anderson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether extending prophylactic antimicrobial administration into the postoperative period would decrease the surgical site infection (SSI) rate in clean canine orthopedic surgery associated with a metal implant. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Consecutive procedures (n = 400) on dogs that had clean orthopedic surgery using a metal implant. METHODS: Cases were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 groups...
July 2015: Veterinary Surgery: VS
S Pinna, A Grandis, A Spadari
The tuberositas glutaea is a rudimentary structure in the dog's os femoris. It gives attachment to the superficial gluteal muscle, and is known by veterinary anatomists and orthopedic surgeons as trochanter tertius. We report an atypical eminence exposed through a surgical approach on a Cane Corso Dog. Anatomic and radiographic investigations led us to recognize this eminence as an abnormally grown tuberositas glutaea.
2015: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
A E Nutt, P Garcia-Fernandez, F San Roman, T Parkin, I Calvo
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively identify factors that predispose to tibial tuberosity (TT) fracture after tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) in dogs. METHODS: The medical records and radiographs of a group of control dogs (n = 212) that had TTA surgery (n = 241 procedures) and did not sustain a fracture between 2008 and 2013, and those of 12 dogs that did sustain a fracture (n = 13 procedures) between 2008 and 2013 at two veterinary teaching hospitals were evaluated to determine the effect of signalment, body weight and surgical inaccuracies on TT fracture...
2015: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Susanne M Stieger-Vanegas, Sri Kumar Jamie Senthirajah, Sarah Nemanic, Wendy Baltzer, Jennifer Warnock, Katelyn Hollars, Scott S Lee, Gerd Bobe
OBJECTIVE: To determine, using 3 groups of evaluators of varying experience reading orthopedic CT studies, if 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) provides a more accurate and time efficient method for diagnosis of canine sacral and pelvic fractures, and displacements of the sacroiliac and coxofemoral joints compared with 2-dimensional computed tomography (2D-CT). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical and prospective study. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 23): 12 dogs with traumatic pelvic fractures, 11 canine cadavers with pelvic trauma induced by a lateral impactor...
August 2015: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Meagan Walker, Ameet Singh, Joyce Rousseau, J Scott Weese
This prospective study investigated bacterial contamination of surgical gloves during small animal surgical procedures and factors associated with glove contamination. The outer surface of surgical gloves was sampled and cultured after completion of surgical procedures. Bacterial presence and numbers were recorded. Of 78 gloves sampled from 39 surgical procedures, bacterial contamination was noted in 16/78 (21%) gloves from 12/39 (31%) procedures. There was no difference in contamination of left or right hand glove [7/39 (18%) versus 9/39 (23%)], respectively (P = 0...
December 2014: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Rick Wall
In dogs, muscles make up 44%-57% of total body weight and can serve as source of both pain and dysfunction when myofascial trigger points are present. However, rarely is muscle mentioned as a generator of pain in dogs, and even less mentioned is muscle dysfunction. The veterinary practitioner with interest in pain management, rehabilitation, orthopedics, and sports medicine must be familiar with the characteristics, etiology, and precipitating factors of myofascial trigger points. Additionally, the development of examination and treatment skill is needed to effectively manage myofascial trigger points in dogs...
June 2014: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Marti G Drum, Barbara Bockstahler, David Levine, Denis J Marcellin-Little
Cats have orthopedic problems, including osteoarthritis, fractures, and luxations that are positively impacted by physical rehabilitation. Most cats have an independent behavior that requires using a tactful approach to rehabilitation. Cats often do well with manual therapy and electrophysical modalities. Feline rehabilitation sessions may be shorter than canine rehabilitation sessions. Cats do best with therapeutic exercises when these exercises are linked to hunting, playing, or feeding.
January 2015: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"