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Veterinary Orthopedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110219/results-of-a-survey-of-veterinary-orthopedic-society-members-on-the-preferred-method-for-treating-cranial-cruciate-ligament-rupture-in-dogs-weighing-more-than-15-kilograms-33-pounds
#1
Dirsko J F von Pfeil, Michael P Kowaleski, Mathieu Glassman, Loïc M Dejardin
OBJECTIVE To determine which method (lateral fabellotibial suture [LFS], tibial plateau leveling osteotomy [TPLO], tibial tuberosity advancement [TTA], or tightrope-like braided multifilament suture secured with metallic buttons [TR]) Veterinary Orthopedic Society (VOS) members preferred for treating cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) in dogs weighing > 15 kg (33 lb), identify factors associated with this preference, and assess concerns related to surgical implant material used. DESIGN Cross-sectional study...
September 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051470/modification-of-the-metal-endoprosthesis-limb-salvage-procedure-for-excision-of-a-large-distal-radial-osteosarcoma-in-a-dog-a-case-report
#2
Brandan G Wustefeld-Janssens, Mary Lafferty, Bernard Séguin
OBJECTIVE: To report modification of the endoprosthesis surgical limb-salvage technique to treat a locally extensive osteosarcoma in a dog and associated functional outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: One client-owned dog. METHODS: A 9-year-old dog was presented for treatment of a locally extensive distal radial osteosarcoma. A limb-salvage surgery was performed with a second-generation Veterinary Orthopedic Implants (VOI) endoprosthesis to reconstruct the radial segmental and carpal osseous defect...
August 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782037/multiloculated-solitary-unicameral-bone-cyst-in-a-young-dog
#3
Sarah C Roode, Heather R Shive, Willemijn Hoorntje, Jennifer Bernard, Devorah M Stowe, Roy R Pool, Carol B Grindem
A 20-month-old female spayed Staffordshire Terrier (22.3 kg) presented to the Orthopedic Surgery Service at North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation of a 6-week history of toe-touching to nonweight-bearing lameness in the right hind limb. Radiographs of the right stifle revealed a multiloculated lytic lesion of the distal femur, with a large open lytic zone centrally, numerous osseous septations peripherally, and focal areas of cortical thinning and loss. An aspirate of the right distal femoral lesion yielded mildly cloudy serosanguineous fluid...
September 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525233/small-animal-massage-therapy-a-brief-review-and-relevant-observations
#4
REVIEW
Maira Rezende Formenton, Marco Aurélio Amador Pereira, Denise Tabacchi Fantoni
Massage therapy is becoming increasingly popular in human and animal physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Wider application of the technique led to research efforts aimed at providing scientific support to anecdotal beneficial effects, particularly pain relief. Recent studies have shown that massage therapy alters dopamine and serotonin levels, decreases noradrenaline levels, and modulates the immune system. Psychological effects such as reduction of stress and anxiety, with improvement of depressive patients, have been reported in humans...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525232/why-owners-choose-an-orthosis-over-stifle-surgery-for-canine-cranial-cruciate-ligament-deficiency
#5
Gina E Bertocci, Nathan P Brown, Patrice M Mich
The objective of this study was to describe the patient population of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) deficiency that were prescribed a stifle orthosis. A total of 215 client-owned dogs with previously diagnosed CrCL deficiency were prescribed a stifle orthosis at a veterinary pain management and mobility clinic. Patient intake data collected included dog signalment, chief medical complaint, home environment and activity description, medical and surgical history, and diagnosing veterinarian. An orthopedic examination was conducted to assess pelvic limb function and determine pelvic limb morphologic measures...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295577/attitudes-of-veterinary-teaching-staff-and-exposure-of-veterinary-students-to-early-age-desexing-with-review-of-current-early-age-desexing-literature
#6
Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming
Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5-6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth America reveal that only a minority of veterinarians routinely perform early age desexing (EAD) of cats or dogs, suggesting they are not graduating with these skills. This study aimed to describe the attitudes of veterinary teaching staff in Australian and New Zealand universities towards EAD, and to determine if these changed from 2008 to 2015...
December 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035662/treatment-of-medial-shoulder-joint-instability-in-dogs-by-extracapsular-stabilization-with-a-prosthetic-ligament-39-cases-2008-2013
#7
Erica M O'Donnell, Sherman O Canapp, James L Cook, Fred Pike
OBJECTIVE To investigate clinical outcomes for dogs surgically treated for medial shoulder joint instability (MSI) by extracapsular stabilization with a prosthetic ligament. DESIGN Retrospective multicenter case series. ANIMALS 39 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES Medical records of 3 veterinary medical centers were searched to identify dogs with MSI diagnosed by clinical examination and arthroscopic assessment and treated by extracapsular stabilization with a prosthetic ligament. A minimum 6-month follow-up period was required for study inclusion...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817693/clinical-signs-profound-acidemia-hypoglycemia-and-hypernatremia-are-predictive-of-mortality-in-1-400-critically-ill-neonatal-calves-with-diarrhea
#8
Florian M Trefz, Ingrid Lorenz, Annette Lorch, Peter D Constable
Profound acidemia impairs cellular and organ function and consequently should be associated with an increased risk of mortality in critically ill humans and animals. Neonatal diarrhea in calves can result in potentially serious metabolic derangements including profound acidemia due to strong ion (metabolic) acidosis, hyper-D-lactatemia, hyper-L-lactatemia, azotemia, hypoglycemia, hyperkalemia and hyponatremia. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the prognostic relevance of clinical and laboratory findings in 1,400 critically ill neonatal calves with diarrhea admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386583/the-demographics-of-canine-hip-dysplasia-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#9
Randall T Loder, Rory J Todhunter
Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is a common problem in veterinary medicine. We report the demographics of CHD using the entire hip dysplasia registry from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, analyzing differences by breed, sex, laterality, seasonal variation in birth, and latitude. There were 921,046 unique records. Each dog was classified using the American Kennel Club (AKC) and Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) systems. Statistical analysis was performed with bivariate and logistic regression procedures...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283074/vertical-force-distribution-in-the-paws-of-sound-labrador-retrievers-during-walking
#10
N Schwarz, A Tichy, C Peham, B Bockstahler
In contrast to gait analysis in humans, where pedobarography is an integral part of biomechanical studies, veterinary researchers have rarely investigated vertical force distribution (VFD) in the paws of dogs. The aim of this study was to investigate the VFD of peak of vertical force (PFz), vertical impulse (IFz) and time of occurrence of PFz during stance phase (TPFz) in 20 sound, adult Labrador retrievers walking normally on a pressure plate. A technique was used that divided the canine paw prints into quadrants...
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099449/the-use-of-functional-data-analysis-to-evaluate-activity-in-a-spontaneous-model-of-degenerative-joint-disease-associated-pain-in-cats
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Margaret E Gruen, Marcela Alfaro-Córdoba, Andrea E Thomson, Alicia C Worth, Ana-Maria Staicu, B Duncan X Lascelles
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Accelerometry is used as an objective measure of physical activity in humans and veterinary species. In cats, one important use of accelerometry is in the study of therapeutics designed to treat degenerative joint disease (DJD) associated pain, where it serves as the most widely applied objective outcome measure. These analyses have commonly used summary measures, calculating the mean activity per-minute over days and comparing between treatment periods. While this technique has been effective, information about the pattern of activity in cats is lost...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493284/post-operative-complications-associated-with-the-arthrex-canine-cranial-cruciate-ligament-repair-anchor-system-in-small-to-medium-sized-dogs-a-retrospective-analysis-2009-2012
#12
Nick S Rappa, Robert M Radasch
This study classified and determined the post-operative complication rate associated with stabilization of cranial (CCL) ligament deficient stifles in small- to medium-sized dogs with the Arthrex Canine Cranial Cruciate Ligament Repair Anchor System (CCLRAS). Eighty-five medical records from 2009 to 2012 from 1 institution were evaluated. Complications were classified according to previously proposed definitions for orthopedic studies in veterinary medicine. Fifty-two owners were contacted by telephone at least 6 months after surgery and given a questionnaire to classify complications related to the implant...
August 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412490/colored-indicator-undergloves-increase-the-detection-of-glove-perforations-by-surgeons-during-small-animal-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lee B Meakin, Oliver P Gilman, Kevin J Parsons, Neil J Burton, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of colored indicator gloves affects perforation detection rate and to identify risk factors for glove perforation during veterinary orthopedic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SAMPLE POPULATION: 574 double pairs of gloves worn during 300 orthopedic surgical procedures (2,296 gloves). METHODS: Primary and assistant surgeons double-gloved for all orthopedic surgical procedures...
August 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308887/interval-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-colic-in-horses-hospitalized-for-ocular-or-orthopedic-disease
#14
Nicole M Scherrer, Mary Lassaline, Dean W Richardson, Darko Stefanovski
OBJECTIVE To determine interval (1-year) prevalence of and factors associated with colic in horses hospitalized for ocular or orthopedic disease. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 105 horses with ocular disease and 197 horses with orthopedic disease admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital between July 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed to determine whether colic (abnormal behavior prompting abdominal palpation per rectum or nasogastric intubation) was observed during hospitalization...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27027705/radiographic-evaluation-of-the-width-of-the-femorotibial-joint-space-in-horses
#15
Pierre Trencart, Kate Alexander, Julie De Lasalle, Sheila Laverty
OBJECTIVE: To measure the minimal joint space width (mJSW) in caudocranial radiographic views of orthopedically normal femorotibial joints of horses, to compare the accuracy of measurements with those of a software program designed for humans, and to identify the ideal caudocranial radiographic projection angle for mJSW measurement. ANIMALS 12 healthy mares (22 femorotibial joints) and 3 equine cadavers (6 stifle joints). PROCEDURES: Caudocranial views of femorotibial joints were acquired in the proximodistal plane at 5°, 10°, and 15° (caudo-5°-proximal-craniodistal oblique, 10°, and 15°) and lateromedial plane (caudo-10°-proximo-5°-lateral-craniodistomedial oblique and caudo-10°-proximo-5°-medial-craniodistolateral oblique)...
February 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798552/a-retrospective-analysis-of-5-195-patient-treatment-sessions-in-an-integrative-veterinary-medicine-service-patient-characteristics-presenting-complaints-and-therapeutic-interventions
#16
Justin Shmalberg, Mushtaq A Memon
Integrative veterinary medicine, the combination of complementary and alternative therapies with conventional care, is increasingly prevalent in veterinary practice and a focus of clinical instruction in many academic teaching institutions. However, the presenting complaints, therapeutic modalities, and patient population in an integrative medicine service have not been described. A retrospective analysis of 5,195 integrative patient treatment sessions in a veterinary academic teaching hospital demonstrated that patients most commonly received a combination of therapeutic modalities (39% of all treatment sessions)...
2015: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26683134/lu-177-labeled-zirconia-particles-for-radiation-synovectomy
#17
Andras Polyak, Lívia Naszályi Nagy, Eszter Drotár, Gabriella Dabasi, Róbert P Jóba, Zita Pöstényi, Renata Mikolajczak, Attila Bóta, Lajos Balogh
The present article describes the preparation of β-emitter lutetium-177-labeled zirconia colloid and its preliminary physicochemical and biological evaluation of suitability for local radionuclide therapy. The new (177)Lu-labeled therapeutic radiopharmaceutical candidate was based on the synthesis mode of a previously described zirconia nanoparticle system. The size and shape of the developed radiopharmaceutical compound were observed through a scanning electron microscope and dynamic light scattering methods...
December 2015: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26595882/risk-of-osteosarcoma-in-dogs-after-open-fracture-fixation
#18
Elizabeth G Arthur, Gerald L Arthur, Matthew R Keeler, Jeffrey N Bryan
OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate whether open fracture fixation is a significant risk factor for latent osteosarcoma development. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Dogs undergoing open fracture repair and dogs diagnosed with osteosarcoma. METHODS: Records were retrieved from the Veterinary Medical Database VMDB (1970-2000) for dogs undergoing surgical repair of a fracture and dogs diagnosed with osteosarcoma...
January 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26397385/perioperative-trends-in-plasma-colloid-osmotic-pressure-in-horses-undergoing-surgery
#19
Alexandra G Raftery, Ruth A Morgan, Paul D MacFarlane
OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative trends in plasma colloid osmotic pressure (COP) between horses undergoing orthopedic and colic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study September 2009-January 2011. SETTING: Veterinary university teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-three healthy, client-owned horses presenting for orthopedic surgery (non-GI) and 85 client-owned horses presenting for emergency exploratory celiotomy (GI, gastrointestinal)...
January 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26392889/canine-adipose-derived-stromal-cell-viability-following-exposure-to-synovial-fluid-from-osteoarthritic-joints
#20
Kristina M Kiefer, Timothy D O'Brien, Elizabeth G Pluhar, Michael Conzemius
INTRODUCTION: Stem cell therapy used in clinical application of osteoarthritis in veterinary medicine typically involves intra-articular injection of the cells, however the effect of an osteoarthritic environment on the fate of the cells has not been investigated. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Assess the viability of adipose derived stromal cells following exposure to osteoarthritic joint fluid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adipose derived stromal cells (ASCs) were derived from falciform adipose tissue of five adult dogs, and osteoarthritic synovial fluid (SF) was obtained from ten patients undergoing surgical intervention on orthopedic diseases with secondary osteoarthritis...
2015: Veterinary Record Open
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