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ultrasonography of obstetrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003362/obstetric-risk-factors-for-early-onset-anal-incontinence
#1
Kristina Drusany Starič, Gregor Norčič
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to identify primiparous pregnant women with a higher risk for early anal incontinence (AI) after labour. METHODS: In the retrospective case control study, 133 primiparous women were questioned using the Wexner scoring system, and possible obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) were assessed using endoanal ultrasonography (EUS) 6-12 weeks after the labour. Obstetric characteristics (possible risk factors) for AI were collected from the maternal medical records...
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995717/polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
Ricardo Azziz
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a highly prevalent disorder, representing the single most common endocrine-metabolic disorder in reproductive-aged women. Currently there are four recognized phenotypes of PCOS: 1) hyperandrogenism+oligo-anovulation+polycystic ovarian morphology; 2) hyperandrogenism+oligo-anovulation; 3) hyperandrogenism+polycystic ovarian morphology; and 4) oligo-anovulation+polycystic ovarian morphology, each with different long-term health and metabolic implications. Clinicians should clearly denote a patient's phenotype when making the diagnosis of PCOS...
July 10, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989156/conservative-management-of-placental-invasion-anomalies-with-an-intracavitary-suture-technique
#3
Ali Acar, Fedi Ercan, Aybike Pekin, Adeviye Elci Atilgan, H Berkan Sayal, Osman Balci, Hüseyin Gorkemli
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of a new surgical suture technique for uterine preservation among patients with placental invasion anomalies. METHODS: The present prospective case series included women diagnosed with placental invasion anomalies undergoing cesarean deliveries who desired future fertility at the obstetrics department of a Turkish university hospital between January 10, 2013, and April 20, 2017. Patients were diagnosed with ultrasonography and Doppler ultrasonography; the type of placental invasion anomaly (placenta accreta, increta, or percreta) was confirmed intraoperatively...
July 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948172/association-between-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-and-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-evaluation-in-primiparous-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Glaucia Miranda Varella Pereira, Zilma Silveira Nogueira Reis, Beatriz Deoti E Silva Rodrigues, Kelly Cristine Lacerda Rodrigues Buzatti, Maria Cristina da Cruz, Marilene Vale de Castro Monteiro
PURPOSE: Disorders related to pelvic floor include urinary incontinence (UI), anal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, sexual dysfunction and pelvic pain. Because pelvic floor dysfunctions (PFD) can be diagnosed clinically, imaging techniques serve as auxiliary tools for establishing an accurate diagnosis. The objective is to evaluate the PFD in primiparous women after vaginal delivery and the association between clinical examination and three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a in tertiary maternity...
June 14, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944932/ultrasound-scoring-of-endometrial-pattern-for-fast-track-identification-or-exclusion-of-endometrial-cancer-in-women-with-postmenopausal-bleeding
#5
Margit Dueholm, Ina Marie Dueholm Hjorth, Katja Dahl, Estrid Stær Hansen, Gitte Ørtoft
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Risk of Endometrial Cancer (REC) scoring system for the prediction of high and low probability of endometrial cancer (EC) in women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB). DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). SETTING: Academic hospital. PATIENTS: Nine hundred and fifty consecutive patients with PMB underwent transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) and REC scoring between November 2013 and December 2015...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930433/-cornual-pregnancy-in-2-cases
#6
S Wang, Y Zhang, Y Y Zhao, S Lu
Cornual pregnancy is one of the diseases caused by embryo embedment at abnormal site. Since few women with cornual pregnancy continue to a middle or late gestation are at a relatively increased risk of uterus rupture,placenta accrete,postpartum hemorrhage and some other severe obstetric complications. We reported two cases of cornual pregnancy at the third trimester, including their clinical symptoms, diagnoses, treatments and obstetric outcomes. Patient 1 had regular prenatal examination. The ultrasound scan at the second trimester showed that the placenta was located at the right fundus of uterus and the myometrium was thin...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922012/fetal-cardiac-arrhythmias-current-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela, Luciane Alves Rocha, Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza, Edward Araujo Júnior
This article reviews important features for improving the diagnosis of fetal arrhythmias by ultrasound in prenatal cardiac screening and echocardiography. Transient fetal arrhythmias are more common than persistent fetal arrhythmias. However, persistent severe bradycardia and sustained tachycardia may cause fetal hydrops, preterm delivery, and higher perinatal morbidity and mortality. Hence, the diagnosis of these arrhythmias during the routine obstetric ultrasound, before the progression to hydrops, is crucial and represents a challenge that involves a team of specialists and subspecialists on fetal ultrasonography...
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914284/congenital-heart-defects-the-10-year-experience-at-a-single-center
#8
Emine Aydin, Ebru Aypar, Ahmet Oktem, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Murat Yurdakok, Murat Guvener, Metin Demircin, M Sinan Beksac
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate congenital heart disease (CHD) cases according to EUROCAT subgroup classification that were diagnosed during the prenatal period in our center. METHODS: CHDs that were prenatally diagnosed using ultrasonography and confirmed by fetal echocardiography were reviewed over a 10-year period. Subgroup classification was finalized at the post-partum period in terms of the EUROCAT guide 1.3. Congenital heart defect subtypes and obstetric outcomes (gestational week at delivery, birth weight, gender, extracardiac structural abnormalities, karyotype results if performed) were analyzed...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845692/choriocarcinoma-with-multiple-lung-metastases-from-complete-hydatidiform-mole-with-coexistent-fetus-during-pregnancy
#9
Yuto Maeda, Ruriko Oyama, Hirona Maeda, Yukihiro Imai, Shinya Yoshioka
Gestational trophoblastic neoplasm (GTN) is a serious morbidity of complete hydatidiform mole with coexistent fetus (CHMCF) and usually develops after termination of pregnancy. Here we report a case of choriocarcinoma derived from CHMCF during pregnancy. A 33-year-old multiparous woman with suspected CHMCF was admitted with a severe cough. Computed tomography revealed multiple lung metastases. Cesarean section and hysterectomy were performed at 31 weeks of gestation on diagnosis of high-risk GTN from International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) scoring...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844942/cesarean-scar-pregnancy-a-new-challenge-for-obstetricians
#10
REVIEW
Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wojciech Panek, Grzegorz Surkont
Diagnosis and treatment of ectopic cesarean scar pregnancy has become a challenge for contemporary obstetrics. With an increase in the number of pregnancies concluded with a cesarean section and with the development of transvaginal ultrasonography, the frequency of cesarean scar pregnancy diagnoses has increased as well. The aim of the study is to evaluate various diagnostic methods (ultrasonography in particular) and analyze effective treatment methods for cesarean scar pregnancy. An ultrasound scan, Doppler examination and magnetic resonance imaging are all useful in early detection of asymptomatic cesarean scar pregnancy, thus enabling effective treatment and preservation of fertility...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844941/current-knowledge-on-the-use-of-ultrasound-measurements-of-fetal-soft-tissues-for-the-assessment-of-pregnancy-development
#11
REVIEW
Aleksandra Warska, Anna Maliszewska, Anna Wnuk, Beata Szyszka, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski
Ultrasonography, with its detailed imaging of the fetus, is very widely used in obstetrics. The primary aim of ultrasound scanning in pregnancy is to limit the risk of obstetric complications by early detection of abnormalities, such as intrauterine growth restriction and macrosomia. Currently, morphometric formulae are used for estimating fetal weight. They utilize basic biometric parameters. However, Hadlock formula, used for fetal weight estimation, has an error rate of 20%. For this reason, researchers all over the world have been looking for other sonographic parameters correlating with fetal weight, with a higher predictive value...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792180/screening-for-congenital-fetal-anomalies-in-low-risk-pregnancy-the-kenyatta-national-hospital-experience
#12
Callen Kwamboka Onyambu, Norah Mukiri Tharamba
BACKGROUND: Congenital malformations contribute significantly to the disease burden among children globally. A study conducted in Kenya on understanding the burden of surgical congenital anomalies, highlights the need for Kenyan health systems to go beyond the medical dimensions of illness. This could be achieved by linking knowledge of the severe congenital anomalies (CAs) and their impact of varying disability to the delivery of local health services and public health program planning...
May 23, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718837/therapeutic-approach-for-the-cesarean-scar-pregnancy
#13
Li-Ping Fu
The aim of this study was to explore the pros and cons of different treatments of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP).We retrospectively studied 205 cases of CSP that were treated in our hospital from June 2013 to June 2014, 189 of which had surgical operation.The average age of the patients was (32.98 ± 4.56) years. Data from those 189 cases were analyzed.Two hundred five patients from Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital.One hundred eighty-nine cases who had operative treatment, 111 of which received curettage under hysteroscopy, 70 of which received curettage under ultrasonography, 8 of which received laparoscopic Cesarean scar resection...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700098/high-prevalence-of-iodine-deficiency-in-pregnant-women-living-in-adequate-iodine-area
#14
Verônica Carneiro Borges Mioto, Ana Carolina de Castro Nassif Gomes Monteiro, Rosalinda Yossie Asato de Camargo, Andréia Rodrigues Borel, Regina Maria Catarino, Sergio Kobayashi, Maria Cristina Chammas, Suemi Marui
OBJECTIVES: Iodine deficiency during pregnancy is associated with obstetric and neonatal adverse outcomes. Serum thyroglobulin (sTg) and thyroid volume (TV) are optional tools to urinary iodine concentration (UIC) for defining iodine status. This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the iodine status of pregnant women living in iodine-adequate area by spot UIC and correlation with sTg, TV and thyroid function. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-three pregnant women were evaluated at three trimesters...
May 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698511/skin-thickness-as-a-potential-marker-of-gestational-age-at-birth-despite-different-fetal-growth-profiles-a-feasibility-study
#15
Gabriela Luiza Nogueira Vitral, Regina Amélia P Lopes Aguiar, Ingrid Michelle Fonseca de Souza, Maria Albertina Santiago Rego, Rodney Nascimento Guimarães, Zilma Silveira Nogueira Reis
BACKGROUND: New methodologies to estimate gestational age (GA) at birth are demanded to face the limited access to obstetric ultrasonography and imprecision of postnatal scores. The study analyzed the correlation between neonatal skin thickness and pregnancy duration. Secondarily, it investigated the influence of fetal growth profiles on tissue layer dimensions. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In a feasibility study, 222 infants selected at a term-to-preterm ratio of 1:1 were assessed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673665/diminished-ovarian-reserve-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#16
Burcu Tuğrul Ayanoğlu, Elif Didem Özdemir, Onur Türkoğlu, Aslıhan Alhan
OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a multi-systemic chronic inflammatory skin disease. Previous data suggests that women with some chronic inflammatory diseases have diminished ovarian reserve. This study explores ovarian reserve in patients with psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 14 female patients with psoriasis and 35 healthy age and body mass index matched controls. An interview explored demographic characteristics, obstetrical history and menstrual characteristics...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564512/does-vaginal-delivery-cause-more-damage-to-the-pelvic-floor-than-cesarean-section-as-determined-by-3d-ultrasound-evaluation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Camila Carvalho de Araujo, Suelene A Coelho, Paulo Stahlschmidt, Cassia R T Juliato
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pregnancy and delivery are well-established risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD), but the physiopathology, such as the delivery route, is not well understood. This study evaluated the impact of delivery route on the pelvic floor muscles via 3D ultrasound. METHODS: This review is registered in the PROSPERO database. The criteria for inclusion were prospective studies with 3D translabial ultrasound assessment in primigravida women during pregnancy and postpartum published in English, Spanish or Portuguese between 1980 and 2016...
May 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502245/uncommon-obstetric-and-gynecologic-emergencies-associated-with-pregnancy-ultrasound-diagnosis
#18
Ashraf Talaat Youssef
INTRODUCTION: Many uncommon obstetric and gynecologic problems associated with pregnancy and the early postpartum period can lead to severe abdominal pain and be life-threatening. The patient will be in urgent need of a quick and accurate decision. The means of management will depend on the ability to differentiate between these problems to achieve an optimal diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 pregnant females attended a private obstetric ultrasound clinic with clinical picture of acute abdomen with pregnancy...
June 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482879/fetal-biometry-relevance-in-obstetrical-practice
#19
REVIEW
Bronius Žaliūnas, Daiva Bartkevičienė, Gražina Drąsutienė, Algirdas Utkus, Juozas Kurmanavičius
Ultrasound imaging in obstetrics and gynecology dates back to 1958 when The Lancet published the first article about the use of ultrasonography for fetal and gynecological assessments. It is now almost inconceivable, 60 years later, to think of effective performance in obstetrics and gynecology without the variety of ultrasound, for example, real time imaging, power and color Doppler, 3D/4D ultrasonography, etc. Such examinations facilitate the assessment of intrauterine fetal growth and development during pregnancy, provide alerts about the risk of pre-eclampsia and preterm birth, help identify anatomic reasons for infertility, diagnose ectopic pregnancies, uterine, ovary and tubal pathology...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455772/prenatal-diagnosis-of-congenital-heart-disease-a-review-of-current-knowledge
#20
REVIEW
Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Edward Araujo Júnior
This article reviews important features to improve the diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) by applying ultrasound in prenatal cardiac screening. As low and high-risk pregnancies for CHD are subject to routine obstetric ultrasound, the diagnosis of structural heart defects represents a challenge that involves a team of specialists and subspecialists on fetal ultrasonography. In this review, the images highlight normal anatomy of the heart as well as pathologic cases consistent with cardiac malposition and isomerism, septal defects, pulmonary stenosis/atresia, aortic malformations, hypoplastic left ventricle, conotruncal anomalies, tricuspid dysplasia, and Ebstein's anomaly, and univentricular heart, among other congenital cardiovascular defects...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
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