keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MRI depression

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777478/the-relationship-with-restless-legs-syndrome-fibromyalgia-and-depressive-symptoms-in-migraine-patients
#1
Zehra Akdag Uzun, Semiha Kurt, Hatice Karaer Unaldi
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate restless legs syndrome, depression, frequency of fibromyalgia and possible causes of its frequencies, and the relationships among these synergies and migraine's prodrome, aura, pain, and postdrome symptoms in patients with migraine. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study group included 200 patients previously or recently diagnosed with definite migraine and according to International Headache Society criteria and 200 healthy volunteers...
May 18, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768273/subcaudate-tractotomy-white-matter-anatomy-and-variability-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#2
Kartik D Bhatia, Luke A Henderson, Eugene Hsu, Mark Yim
BACKGROUND: Subcaudate tractotomy is a functional ablative procedure performed for treatment-resistant psychiatric disease, targeting the white matter tracts ventral to the head of the caudate nucleus. The white matter anatomy of this region has extensive interindividual variability, and this is thought to impact upon the treatment response to ablative and deep brain stimulation procedures. OBJECTIVE: We aim to assess in detail the white matter tract anatomy and topographic variability underlying subcaudate tractotomy...
May 16, 2018: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749006/predictors-of-recurrence-in-remitted-late-life-depression
#3
Yi Deng, Douglas R McQuoid, Guy G Potter, David C Steffens, Kimberly Albert, Meghan Riddle, John L Beyer, Warren D Taylor
BACKGROUND: Late-life depression (LLD) is associated with a fragile antidepressant response and high recurrence risk. This study examined what measures predict recurrence in remitted LLD. METHODS: Individuals of age 60 years or older with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual - IV (DSM-IV) diagnosis of major depressive disorder were enrolled in the neurocognitive outcomes of depression in the elderly study. Participants received manualized antidepressant treatment and were followed longitudinally for an average of 5 years...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743209/greater-depressive-symptoms-cognition-and-markers-of-brain-aging-northern-manhattan-study
#4
Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri, Michelle R Caunca, Juan Carlos Nobrega, Tali Elfassy, Ying Kuen Cheung, Noam Alperin, Chuanhui Dong, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ralph L Sacco, Charles DeCarli, Clinton B Wright
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether greater depressive symptoms were associated with domain-specific cognitive performance, change in cognition, and MRI markers of brain atrophy and subclinical cerebrovascular disease in a diverse sample of older adults from the Northern Manhattan Study. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the Northern Manhattan Study, a prospective cohort study of mostly Caribbean Hispanic, stroke-free, older adults. A total of 1,111 participants had baseline measures of depressive symptoms, measured as the Center of Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale, MRI markers, and cognitive function...
May 9, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740292/adolescent-gender-differences-in-cognitive-control-performance-and-functional-connectivity-between-default-mode-and-fronto-parietal-networks-within-a-self-referential-context
#5
Gabriela Alarcón, Jennifer H Pfeifer, Damien A Fair, Bonnie J Nagel
Ineffective reduction of functional connectivity between the default mode network (DMN) and frontoparietal network (FPN) during cognitive control can interfere with performance in healthy individuals-a phenomenon present in psychiatric disorders, such as depression. Here, this mechanism is studied in healthy adolescents by examining gender differences in task-regressed functional connectivity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a novel task designed to place the DMN-supporting self-referential processing (SRP)-and FPN-supporting cognitive control-into conflict...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740273/childhood-emotional-abuse-moderates-associations-among-corticomotor-white-matter-structure-and-stress-neuromodulators-in-women-with-and-without-depression
#6
Carlton P Frost, M Elizabeth Meyerand, Rasmus M Birn, Roxanne M Hoks, Erin C Walsh, Heather C Abercrombie
Adverse caregiving during development can produce long-lasting changes to neural, endocrine, and behavioral responses to stress, and is strongly related to elevated risk of adult psychopathology. While prior experience of adversity is associated with altered sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, the underlying neural pathways are not completely understood. In a double-blind crossover study, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine whether variation in white matter structure predicts differences in HPA-SNS interactions as a function of early adversity...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729390/advances-in-microstructural-diffusion-neuroimaging-for-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Ofer Pasternak, Sinead Kelly, Valerie J Sydnor, Martha E Shenton
Understanding the neuropathological underpinnings of mental disorders such as schizophrenia, major depression, and bipolar disorder is an essential step towards the development of targeted treatments. Diffusion MRI studies utilizing the diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) model have been extremely successful to date in identifying microstructural brain abnormalities in individuals suffering from mental illness, especially in regions of white matter, although identified abnormalities have been biologically non-specific...
May 2, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728904/high-angular-resolution-diffusion-imaging-correlates-of-depression-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-connectometry-study
#8
Farzaneh Ghazi Sherbaf, Kaveh Same, Mohammad Hadi Aarabi
Depression is a significant disabling feature in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the neuropathology of this comorbidity is still unclear. In fact, few studies have tried to elucidate the neural correlates of depression in PD and have mostly examined specific regions of interest. In this study, we applied diffusion MRI connectometry, a powerful complementary approach to investigate alterations in whole white matter pathways regarding the severity of depressive symptoms. Using a multiple regression model, the correlation of severity of depressive symptoms assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) with white matter connectivity was surveyed in 27 non-demented PD patients related to 26 age, sex, and educational level-matched healthy subjects...
May 4, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718880/various-clinical-features-of-patients-with-anti-hu-associated-paraneoplastic-neurological-syndromes-an-observational-study
#9
Jia Li, Weihong Lin
To describe and analyze the clinical features and prognosis of patients with anti-Hu associated paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS).The symptoms, MRI findings, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) changes, electroencephalogram (EEG) characteristics and prognoses of 9 well-diagnosed anti-Hu associated PNS patients were analyzed.The study enrolled 6 female and 3 male patients. Three patients presented with vertigo and 6 patients exhibited a depressed mood, numbness of the lower limbs, generalized pains, seizures, mental disturbances, and a temporary unilateral hand tremor on initial presentation...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707778/electroconvulsive-therapy-increases-brain-volume-in-major-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
K Gbyl, P Videbech
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this review was to synthesise evidence on ECT's effects on brain's structure. METHOD: A systematic literature review of longitudinal studies of depressed patients treated with ECT using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and meta-analysis of ECT's effect on hippocampal volume. RESULTS: Thirty-two studies with 467 patients and 285 controls were included. The MRI studies did not find any evidence of ECT-related brain damage...
April 29, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705816/brain-perfusion-defects-by-spet-ct-and-neurostat-semi-quantitative-analysis-in-two-patients-with-congenital-erythropoietic-porphyria
#11
Vincenzo Frusciante, Cristina Ferrari, Manuela Totaro, Guido Valle, Claudio Carmine Guida, Filippo Aucella, Paola Caputo, Giuseppe Rubini
BACKGROUND: Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited disorder with chronic and relatively stable presentation. Till now brain blood flow derangements have been described only in acute hepatic porphyrias. We describe the first findings of brain perfusion defects, studied by single photon emission tomography/computed tomography (SPET/CT), in two patients affected by CEP, by using a semi-quantification anatomic-standardized voxel-based program compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results...
January 2018: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705713/the-neural-markers-of-mri-to-differentiate-depression-and-panic-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Chien-Han Lai
Depression and panic disorder (PD) share the common pathophysiology from the perspectives of neurotransmitters. The relatively high comorbidity between depression and PD contributes to the substantial obstacles to differentiate from depression and PD, especially for the brain pathophysiology. There are significant differences in the diagnostic criteria between depression and PD. However, the paradox of similar pathophysiology and different diagnostic criteria in these two disorders were still the issues needing to be addressed...
April 26, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692969/emotional-stimuli-provoked-seizures-potentially-misdiagnosed-as-psychogenic-non-epileptic-attacks-a-case-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-with-amygdala-enlargement
#13
Hidetaka Tamune, Go Taniguchi, Susumu Morita, Yousuke Kumakura, Shinsuke Kondo, Kiyoto Kasai
The association between emotional stimuli and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is largely unknown. Here, we report the case of a depressed, 50-year-old female complaining of episodes of a "spaced out" experience precipitated by emotional stimuli. Psychogenic non-epileptic attacks were suspected. However, video-EEG coupled with emotional stimuli-provoked procedures and MRI findings of amygdala enlargement, led to the diagnosis of left TLE. Accurate diagnosis and explanation improved her subjective depression and seizure frequency...
2018: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673379/erythropoietin-as-an-add-on-treatment-for-cognitive-side-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lejla Sjanic Schmidt, Jeff Zarp Petersen, Maj Vinberg, Ida Hageman, Niels Vidiendal Olsen, Lars Vedel Kessing, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Kamilla Woznica Miskowiak
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment for severe depression, but its use is impeded by its cognitive side effects. Novel treatments that can counteract these side effects may therefore improve current treatment strategies for depression. The present randomized trial investigates (1) whether short-term add-on treatment with erythropoietin (EPO) can reduce the cognitive side -effects of ECT and (2) whether such effects are long-lasting. Further, structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be used to explore the neural underpinnings of such beneficial effects of EPO...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663848/evaluation-of-the-association-between-sexual-dysfunction-and-demyelinating-plaque-location-and-number-in-female-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#15
Volkan Solmaz, Hatice Kose Ozlece, Aydın Him, Ayfer Güneş, Christian Cordano, Durdane Aksoy, Yahya Çelik
Purpose To investigate the frequency of sexual dysfunction (SD) in female multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and to explore its association with the location and number of demyelinating lesions. Material and Methods We evaluated 42 female patients and 41 healthy subjects. All patients underwent neurological examination and 1.5 T brain and full spinal MRI. All subjects completed the female sexual function index (FSFI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Short-Form 36 Quality of Life Scale (SF-36)...
April 17, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660591/inverse-relationship-between-the-evans-index-and-cognitive-performance-in-non-disabled-stroke-free-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-population-based-study
#16
Oscar H Del Brutto, Robertino M Mera, Danielle Gladstone, María Sarmiento-Bobadilla, Kristen Cagino, Mauricio Zambrano, Aldo F Costa, Mark J Sedler
OBJECTIVE: The Evans Index (EI) is used for recognition of individuals with normal pressure hydrocephalus. However, recent studies suggest that the EI is not a reliable marker of this condition. Rather, the EI may be inversely correlated with cognitive performance, but information on this correlation is lacking. We aimed to assess the relationship between the EI and cognitive performance in community-dwelling older adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 314 non-disabled, stroke-free, individuals aged ≥60 years enrolled in the Atahualpa Project undergoing brain MRI and MoCA testing...
March 30, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656270/reduced-integrity-of-the-uncinate-fasciculus-and-cingulum-in-depression-a-stem-by-stem-analysis
#17
Kartik D Bhatia, Luke A Henderson, Eugene Hsu, Mark Yim
INTRODUCTION: The subgenual cingulate gyrus (Brodmann's Area 25: BA25) is hypermetabolic in depression and has been targeted successfully with deep brain stimulation. Two of the white matter tracts that play a role in treatment response are the uncinate fasciculus (UF) and the cingulum bundle. The UF has three prefrontal stems, the most medial of which extends from BA25 (which deals with mood regulation) and the most lateral of which extends from the dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex (concerned with executive function)...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656031/cerebral-small-vessel-disease-and-risk-of-incident-stroke-dementia-and-depression-and-all-cause-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
S P Rensma, T T van Sloten, L J Launer, C D A Stehouwer
MRI features of cerebral small vessel disease, i.e. white matter hyperintensities, lacunes, microbleeds, perivascular spaces, and cerebral atrophy, may be associated with clinical events, but the strength of these associations remains unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between these features and incident ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke, all-cause dementia and depression, and all-cause mortality. For the association with stroke, 36 studies were identified (number of individuals/events [n] = 37,987/4,087), for dementia 28 (n = 16,458/1,709), for depression nine (n = 9,538/1,746), and for mortality 28 (n = 23,031/2,558)...
April 12, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655586/non-motor-outcomes-of-subthalamic-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease-depend-on-location-of-active-contacts
#19
Haidar Salimi Dafsari, Jan Niklas Petry-Schmelzer, K Ray-Chaudhuri, Keyoumars Ashkan, Luca Weis, Till A Dembek, Michael Samuel, Alexandra Rizos, Monty Silverdale, Michael T Barbe, Gereon R Fink, Julian Evans, Pablo Martinez-Martin, Angelo Antonini, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle, Lars Timmermann
BACKGROUND: Subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) improves quality of life (QoL), motor, and non-motor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson's disease (PD). Few studies have investigated the influence of the location of neurostimulation on NMS. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of active contact location on NMS in STN-DBS in PD. METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, multicenter study including 50 PD patients undergoing bilateral STN-DBS, we collected NMSScale (NMSS), NMSQuestionnaire (NMSQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (anxiety/depression, HADS-A/-D), PDQuestionnaire-8 (PDQ-8), Scales for Outcomes in PD-motor examination, motor complications, activities of daily living (ADL), and levodopa equivalent daily dose (LEDD) preoperatively and at 6 months follow-up...
March 16, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652306/-assessment-of-clinical-manifestations-and-treatment-of-post-stroke-depression-in-young-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#20
M L Chukhlovina, A A Chukhlovin
AIM: To consider clinical manifestations and treatment of post-stroke depression in young patients with carotid ischemic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients, 24 women and 16 men, aged from 18 to 45 years old, diagnosed with ICD-10 post-stroke depression were examined. All patients underwent neurological examination, brain MRI and MR-angiography of cerebral vessels. The following psychometric tests were used: MMSE, Hamilton depression scale, CES-D depression scale, a questionnaire on nocturnal sleep assessment, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
keyword
keyword
109117
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"