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"Cardiovascular genetic risk"

Wisam Jasim Mohammed, Bassam Musa Sadik Al-Musawi, Christian Oberkanins, Helene Pühringer
Objective: The underlying molecular basis of ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) has not yet been studied among Iraqi people. This study determined the frequency and types of some cardiovascular genetic risk factors among Iraqi patients with IHDs. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study recruiting 56 patients with acute IHD during a 2-month period excluding patients >50 years and patients with documented hyperlipidemia. Their ages ranged between 18 and 50 years; males were 54 and females were only 2...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Jamie Jarmul, Mark J Pletcher, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Stephanie B Wheeler, Morris Weinberger, Christy L Avery, Daniel E Jonas, Stephanie Earnshaw, Michael Pignone
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether testing for novel risk factors, such as a cardiovascular genetic risk score (cGRS), improves clinical decision making or health outcomes when used for targeting statin initiation in the primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Our objective was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of cGRS testing to inform clinical decision making about statin initiation in individuals with low-to-intermediate (2.5%-7.5%) 10-year predicted risk of ASCVD...
April 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Speranza Rubattu, Sebastiano Sciarretta, Simona Marchitti, Franca Bianchi, Maurizio Forte, Massimo Volpe
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a cardiac hormone which plays important functions to maintain cardio-renal homeostasis. The peptide structure is highly conserved among species. However, a few gene variants are known to fall within the human ANP gene. The variant rs5065 (T2238C) exerts the most substantial effects. The T to C transition at the 2238 position of the gene (13-23% allele frequency in the general population) leads to the production of a 30-, instead of 28-, amino-acid-long α-carboxy-terminal peptide...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Raffaele Maletta, Nicoletta Smirne, Livia Bernardi, Maria Anfossi, Maura Gallo, Maria Elena Conidi, Rosanna Colao, Gianfranco Puccio, Sabrina A M Curcio, Valentina Laganà, Francesca Frangipane, Chiara Cupidi, Maria Mirabelli, Franca Vasso, Giusi Torchia, Maria G Muraca, Raffaele Di Lorenzo, Giuseppina Rose, Alberto Montesanto, Giuseppe Passarino, Amalia C Bruni
BACKGROUND: Several genetic variants playing a key role in cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and vascular dysfunction influence the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD). The many meta-analysis studies carried out on large numbers of samples in different populations have not provided clear results to date, because a trans-ethnic shift of risk genotypes in different populations is often observed. OBJECTIVES: To determine genotypes allele frequencies of the polymorphisms most frequently identified to be correlated with cardio-cerebrovascular disease and AD in a Southern Italy population and to investigate their possible association with dementia...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Nicola Martinelli, Oliviero Olivieri, Gong-Qing Shen, Elisabetta Trabetti, Francesca Pizzolo, Fabiana Busti, Simonetta Friso, Antonella Bassi, Lin Li, Ying Hu, Pier Franco Pignatti, Roberto Corrocher, Qing Kenneth Wang, Domenico Girelli
BACKGROUND: The R952Q variant in the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 8 (LRP8)/apolipoprotein E receptor 2 (ApoER2) gene has been recently associated with familial and premature myocardial infarction (MI) by means of genome-wide linkage scan/association studies. We were interested in the possible interaction of the R952Q variant with another established cardiovascular genetic risk factor belonging to the same pathway, namely apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon2/epsilon3/epsilon4 genotype, in modulating apolipoprotein E (ApoE) plasma levels and risk of MI...
May 13, 2009: BMC Medical Genetics
Ilan Goldenberg, Arthur J Moss, Daniel Ryan, Grzegorz Pietrasik, Wojciech Zareba, Scott McNitt, Shirley W Eberly
BACKGROUND: Previously identified atherosclerotic genetic factors have been studied mostly in case-control studies and in nonuniform ethnic populations, whereas data on the cumulative contribution of genetic factors to an earlier onset of a first myocardial infarction (MI) are limited. We hypothesized that several genetic atherosclerotic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may exert an additive effect on the earlier occurrence of coronary atherothrombotic disease after adjustment for clinical factors...
July 2008: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Gilles Pernod, Jean-Luc Bosson, Dela Golshayan, Claire Barro, Sandro Alloatti, Cécile Turc-Baron, Francesco Quarello, Alberto Jeantet, Beat Von Albertini, Michel Forêt, Guy Lauren, Daniel Cordonnier, Giuseppe Piccoli, Jean-Pierre Wauters et al.
BACKGROUND: Clinical and therapeutic characteristics of chronic dialysis patients vary widely at national and/or regional levels. Their increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality is not explained by traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors only. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate and compare the characteristics of patients starting dialysis in a homogeneous Alpin region and possibly to identify new biological parameters (phenotypes or genotypes), which eould be responsible for the increased CVD seen in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients...
January 2004: Journal of Nephrology
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