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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938204/natural-outdoor-environments-and-mental-health-stress-as-a-possible-mechanism
#1
Margarita Triguero-Mas, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Antònia Valentín, David Martínez, Graham Smith, Gemma Hurst, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Daniel Masterson, Magdalena van den Berg, Albert Ambròs, Tania Martínez-Íñiguez, Audrius Dedele, Naomi Ellis, Tomas Grazulevicius, Martin Voorsmit, Marta Cirach, Judith Cirac-Claveras, Wim Swart, Eddy Clasquin, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Jolanda Maas, Michael Jerret, Regina Gražulevičienė, Hanneke Kruize, Christopher J Gidlow, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Better mental health has been associated with exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE). However, comprehensive studies including several indicators of exposure and outcomes, potential effect modifiers and mediators are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We used novel, objective measures to explore the relationships between exposure to NOE (i.e. residential availability and contact) and different indicators of mental health, and possible modifiers and mediators...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935007/an-international-survey-of-approaches-to-chair-restraint-of-nonhuman-primates
#2
Jennifer L McMillan, Mollie A Bloomsmith, Mark J Prescott
Specifically designed restraint chairs are the preferred method of restraint for research studies that require NHP to sit in place for sustained periods of time. In light of increasing emphasis on refinement of restraint to improve animal wellbeing, it is important to have a better understanding of this potentially stressful procedure. Although chair restraint is used internationally, very little published information is available on this subject. We developed a survey to obtain an overview of equipment, procedures, and plans for improvement regarding chair restraint...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935005/sequelae-of-occult-aggression-disqualifying-young-socially-housed-female-new-zealand-white-rabbits-oryctolagus-cuniculus-from-participation-in-dermal-toxicology-studies
#3
Jeffrey D Wyatt, Diane M Moorman-White, Donnalee Ventura, Brett W Schneider, Thomas W Bittner
International animal welfare organizations and federal, regional, and institutional oversight bodies encourage social housing of gregarious species, such as New Zealand white rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus), to promote animal wellbeing in research, teaching, testing and farming settings. At our institution, 2 groups of female New Zealand white rabbits (approximate age, 11 wk; mean weight, 2.35 kg), compatibly paired at the vendor for 5 wk, were paired in caging or group-housed in a floor pen. The rabbits appeared compatible, demonstrating primarily affiliative behaviors throughout 6 wk of daily observations...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934636/museum-based-programs-for-socially-isolated-older-adults-understanding-what-works
#4
Carolyn Todd, Paul M Camic, Bridget Lockyer, Linda J M Thomson, Helen J Chatterjee
This paper presents research findings that help to understand how museum programs created opportunities to enhance wellbeing and health, and changed experiences of social isolation in older adults. The research conceptualized how program elements enabled both individual experiences and relational processes to occur. These components operated within a context that was enriched by the museum as a place to support wellbeing and enhance social interaction. To meaningfully support socially isolated older people as part of local public health strategies, museums need to be accessible and engaging places that purposively support social interaction by involving people and objects, participating in multiple sessions over time, that are facilitated by skilled and knowledgeable staff...
September 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933608/the-psychological-impact-of-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness-on-caregivers-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-studies
#5
Sonja M Soeterik, Sarah Connolly, E Diane Playford, Sophie Duport, Afsane Riazi
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of the nature, frequency and severity of psychological experiences of people who have a close relationship with a person with a prolonged disorder of consciousness. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PsycINFO, PubMed, Embase(®), MEDLINE(®), Allied and Complementary Medicine™, were searched from inceptions until December 2016 with additional hand searching of reference lists of included articles. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included that used quantitative methodologies and psychological measures to investigate experiences...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931145/medical-and-psychological-problems-faced-by-young-australian-gap-year-travellers
#6
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Deborah Mills, Sarah Sheridan, Colleen Lau
Background: Gap year travellers can potentially be exposed to many infectious diseases and other travel-related health problems including injuries and psychological problems. Currently, there is little information on health and wellbeing of this particular group of travellers. Methods: Participants were recruited from an organization that specialized in organising international gap year placements. Gap year travellers were asked to complete a pre-departure survey on demographics, placement destination and duration, previous travel experience, hobbies, risk taking behaviour, anticipated problems during the placement, and pre-travel preparations...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930670/post-migration-employment-changes-and-health-a-dyadic-spousal-analysis
#7
Annie Ro, Rachel E Goldberg
Prospective studies have found unemployment and job loss to be associated with negative psychological and physical health outcomes. For immigrants, the health implications of employment change cannot be considered apart from pre-migration experiences. While immigrants demonstrate relative success in securing employment in the United States, their work is often not commensurate with their education or expertise. Previous research has linked downward employment with adverse health outcomes among immigrants, but with gender differences...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929523/follow-up-protocol-was-useful-for-children-whose-parents-attended-emergency-departments-after-partner-violence-substance-abuse-or-a-suicide-attempt
#8
Eva M M Hoytema van Konijnenburg, Maj Gigengack, Arianne H Teeuw, Tessa Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Boudien C Flapper, Ramón J L Lindauer, Johannes B van Goudoever, Johanna H van der Lee
AIM: This was a one-year follow up of families referred to support services after the parents visited the emergency department due to intimate partner violence, substance abuse or a suicide attempt. Its aim was to evaluate the wellbeing of any children. METHODS: Data on families identified a year earlier by the Amsterdam Protocol were gathered from child protective services and parent and child self-reports in two Dutch regions from 2012-2015. RESULTS: We included 399 children (52%) boys with a median age of eight years (range 1-18) in the study using child protective services data...
September 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929413/accessing-support-before-or-after-a-parent-dies-from-cancer-and-young-people-s-current-wellbeing
#9
A Varathakeyan, F E J McDonald, P Patterson, K Nicholson Perry, K R Allison
PURPOSE: To examine differences in distress and unmet needs between bereaved adolescent and young adult (AYA) offspring who accessed support before and after being bereaved by parental cancer, and to explore aspects of their cancer experience that influenced their help-seeking. METHODS: Phase 1: Surveys completed by AYAs (11-26 years) bereaved by parental cancer were subjected to analysis of covariance examining differences in distress and unmet needs between those who accessed support before (n = 159) and after (n = 212) parental bereavement...
September 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928678/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-as-a-standalone-intervention-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-mixed-traumatic-events-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#10
Meike Müller-Engelmann, Susanne Wünsch, Marina Volk, Regina Steil
Objectives: There is promising evidence that mindfulness-based interventions are effective in reducing the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, until now, studies have often lacked a full clinical PTSD assessment, and interventions are often administered in addition to other interventions. This study examined the feasibility of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) as a standalone intervention in patients with PTSD who have experienced mixed traumatic events. Method: Fourteen patients participated in 8 weeks of MBSR...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927651/health-and-wellbeing-after-cancer
#11
EDITORIAL
Serge Rozenberg, Angela Maas, Marian Mourits, Caroline Antoine, Margaret Rees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927389/follow-up-care-after-treatment-for-prostate-cancer-protocol-for-an-evaluation-of-a-nurse-led-supported-self-management-and-remote-surveillance-programme
#12
Jane Frankland, Hazel Brodie, Deborah Cooke, Claire Foster, Rebecca Foster, Heather Gage, Jake Jordan, Ines Mesa-Eguiagaray, Ruth Pickering, Alison Richardson
BACKGROUND: As more men survive a diagnosis of prostate cancer, alternative models of follow-up care that address men's enduring unmet needs and are economical to deliver are needed. This paper describes the protocol for an ongoing evaluation of a nurse-led supported self-management and remote surveillance programme implemented within the secondary care setting. METHODS/DESIGN: The evaluation is taking place within a real clinical setting, comparing the outcomes of men enrolled in the Programme with the outcomes of a pre-service change cohort of men, using a repeated measures design...
September 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926990/implementing-a-health-and-wellbeing-programme-for-children-in-early-childhood-a-preliminary-study
#13
Karen Munday, Megan Wilson
In New Zealand, there is a high prevalence of childhood poverty and food insecurity, which can impact a family's ability to provide high quality, nutrient dense foods for their children. In an attempt to increase the quality of the food consumed by children attending a decile two (low socio-economic) kindergarten and to address food insecurity issues, an educational health and wellness initiative, in conjunction with a free lunch programme, was introduced. The impact of the lunches and the effectiveness of the programme were evaluated...
September 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923521/why-do-people-with-mental-distress-have-poor-social-outcomes-four-lessons-from-the-capabilities-approach
#14
Richard Brunner
Macro level data indicate that people experiencing mental distress experience poor health, social and economic outcomes. The sociology of mental health has a series of dominant competing explanations of the mechanisms at personal, social and structural levels that generate these poor outcomes. This article explains the limitations of these approaches and takes up the challenge of Hopper (2007) who in this journal proposed the capabilities approach as a means of normatively reconceptualising the experiences of people with mental distress, with a renewed focus on agency, equality and genuine opportunity...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923328/mutation-frequency-of-three-neurodegenerative-lysosomal-storage-diseases-from-screening-to-treatment
#15
Ana Joana Duarte, Diogo Ribeiro, Pedro Oliveira, Olga Amaral
BACKGROUND: The ascertainment of mutation frequencies in the general population may have impact on the population's wellbeing and respective healthcare services. Furthermore, it may help define which approaches will be more effective for certain patients based on the genetic cause of disease. AIM OF THE STUDY: Determine the frequency of three mutations, known to be a major cause of three distinct Lysosomal Storage Diseases (LSDs). METHODS: The following pre-requisites were met: each mutation accounted for over 55% of the disease alleles among previously reported unrelated patients, all three diseases were among the most prevalent LSDs in the population under study, they all involved devastating deterioration of the nervous system, lacked curative treatment and may be fatal in childhood or adolescence...
April 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922295/spiritual-needs-of-patients-with-cancer-in-palliative-care-an-integrative-review
#16
Ana Cláudia Mesquita, Érika de Cássia Lopes Chaves, Guilherme Antônio Moreira de Barros
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The experience of a life crisis, such as the experience of end-of-life terminality whenever facing cancer can make the spiritual needs of patients clear. The goal of this revision was to synthesize the existing evidence regarding the spiritual needs of patients with cancer in palliative care. RECENT FINDINGS: An integrated revision of the literature was conducted regarding the database sources from PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS and Scopus, without publishing year restrictions...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920887/the-chronic-and-evolving-neurological-consequences-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
REVIEW
Lindsay Wilson, William Stewart, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Lindsay Horton, David K Menon, Suzanne Polinder
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have lifelong and dynamic effects on health and wellbeing. Research on the long-term consequences emphasises that, for many patients, TBI should be conceptualised as a chronic health condition. Evidence suggests that functional outcomes after TBI can show improvement or deterioration up to two decades after injury, and rates of all-cause mortality remain elevated for many years. Furthermore, TBI represents a risk factor for a variety of neurological illnesses, including epilepsy, stroke, and neurodegenerative disease...
October 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920052/the-effect-of-intravenous-magnesium-sulfate-versus-intravenous-sufentanil-on-the-duration-of-analgesia-and-postoperative-pain-in-patients-with-tibia-fracture
#18
Ali Reza Olapour, Ahmad Reza Mohtadi, Mansour Soltanzadeh, Ali Ghomeishi, Reza Akhondzadeh, Maryam Jafari
BACKGROUND: In the recent decades controlling postoperative pain has become a popular topic as it leads to the patients' wellbeing and improved life quality, while it reduces the costs for both patients and medical facilities. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at comparing intravenous magnesium sulfate versus intravenous sufentanil on the duration of analgesia and postoperative pain in patients undergoing tibia fracture surgery. METHODS: This double blind clinical trial study was performed on 70 candidates of tibia fractures between the ages of 18 and 55 years with American society of anesthesiologists (ASA) class I and II...
April 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919553/social-evaluative-threat-with-verbal-performance-feedback-alters-neuroendocrine-response-to-stress
#19
Jenny M Phan, Ekaterina Schneider, Jeremy Peres, Olga Miocevic, Vanessa Meyer, Elizabeth A Shirtcliff
Laboratory stress tasks such as the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) have provided a key piece to the puzzle for how psychosocial stress impacts the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, other stress-responsive biomarkers, and ultimately wellbeing. These tasks are thought to work through biopsychosocial processes, specifically social evaluative threat and the uncontrollability heighten situational demands. The present study integrated an experimental modification to the design of the TSST to probe whether additional social evaluative threat, via negative verbal feedback about speech performance, can further alter stress reactivity in 63 men and women...
September 15, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918761/quality-of-life-in-bipolar-disorder-towards-a-dynamic-understanding
#20
E Morton, G Murray, E E Michalak, R W Lam, S Beaulieu, V Sharma, P Cervantes, S V Parikh, L N Yatham
BACKGROUND: Although quality of life (QoL) is receiving increasing attention in bipolar disorder (BD) research and practice, little is known about its naturalistic trajectory. The dual aims of this study were to prospectively investigate: (a) the trajectory of QoL under guideline-driven treatment and (b) the dynamic relationship between mood symptoms and QoL. METHODS: In total, 362 patients with BD receiving guideline-driven treatment were prospectively followed at 3-month intervals for up to 5 years...
September 18, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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