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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334618/exploring-masculinities-sexual-health-and-wellbeing-across-areas-of-high-deprivation-in-scotland-the-depth-of-the-challenge-to-improve-understandings-and-practices
#1
Karen Lorimer, Lesley McMillan, Lisa McDaid, Dona Milne, Siân Russell, Kate Hunt
Within and across areas of high deprivation, we explored constructions of masculinity in relation to sexual health and wellbeing, in what we believe to be the first UK study to take this approach. Our sample of 116 heterosexual men and women age 18-40 years took part in individual semi-structured interviews (n = 35) and focus group discussions (n = 18), across areas in Scotland. Drawing on a socio-ecological framework, findings revealed experience in places matter, with gender practices rooted in a domestically violent milieu, where localised, socio-cultural influences offered limited opportunities for more egalitarian performances of masculinity...
January 12, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333764/education-is-the-strongest-socioeconomic-predictor-of-smoking-in-pregnancy
#2
Juho Härkönen, Matti Lindberg, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson, Noora M Scheinin
AIMS: To investigate socioeconomic disparities in smoking in pregnancy (SIP) by the mother's education, occupational class, and current economic conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis with linked survey and register data. SETTING: South-Western Finland. PARTICIPANTS: 2,667 pregnant women (70% of the original sample (N=3,808)) from FinnBrain, a prospective pregnancy cohort study. MEASUREMENTS: The outcome was smoking during the first pregnancy trimester, measured from the Finnish Medical Birth Register...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332589/validation-of-an-arabic-version-of-the-obesity-related-wellbeing-orwell-97-questionnaire-in-adults-with-obesity
#3
Leila Itani, Simona Calugi, Dima Kreidieh, Germine El Kassas, Dana El Masri, Hana Tannir, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Aya Harfoush, Marwan El Ghoch
BACKGROUND: No specific questionnaire that evaluates Health-Related Quality Of Life (HRQOL) in individuals with obesity is available in the Arabic language. The aim of this study was therefore to propose and examine the validity and reliability of an Arabic language version of the ORWELL 97, a validated obesity-related HRQOL questionnaire. METHODS: The ORWELL 97 questionnaire was translated from English to Arabic language and administered to 318 Arabic-speaking participants (106 from clinical and 212 from community samples), and underwent internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct and discriminative validity analysis...
January 10, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332051/the-impact-of-music-on-the-self-in-dementia
#4
Amee Baird, William Forde Thompson
In this review, we consider how the onset and progression of dementia can disrupt one's sense of self, and propose that music is an ideal tool for alleviating this distressing symptom. Various aspects of the self can be impaired in people with dementia, depending on how the self is defined. There are anecdotal reports that music can 'bring people back to themselves' in the face of dementia, but there have been scarce empirical investigations of this topic. Motivated by a consideration of the existing literature, we outline a novel theoretical framework that accounts for the relationship between music and the self in people with dementia...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331247/a-biopsy-of-breast-cancer-mobile-applications-state-of-the-practice-review
#5
G Giunti, D H Giunta, E Guisado-Fernandez, J L Bender, L Fernandez-Luque
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. The use of mobile software applications for health and wellbeing promotion has grown exponentially in recent years. We systematically reviewed the breast cancer apps available in today's leading smartphone application stores and characterized them based on their features, evidence base and target audiences. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to characterize breast cancer apps from the two major smartphone app stores (iOS and Android)...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331083/variation-in-reproductive-outcomes-of-women-with-histories-of-bulimia-nervosa-anorexia-nervosa-or-eating-disorder-not-otherwise-specified-relative-to-the-general-population-and-closest-aged-sisters
#6
Jennifer Tabler, Rebecca L Utz, Ken R Smith, Heidi A Hanson, Claudia Geist
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to examine the long-term reproductive consequences of eating disorders (ED), to assess variation in reproductive outcomes by ED type, and to examine reproductive differences between women with previous ED diagnosis and their discordant sisters. METHOD: Using a sample of women with previous ED diagnosis generated by the Utah Population Database, this study compares the fecundity (parity) and age at first birth of women by ED subtype (bulimia nervosa [BN], anorexia nervosa [AN], and ED not otherwise specified [EDNOS]) (n = 1,579)...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329567/modified-pilates-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-physiotherapy-care-for-urinary-incontinence-a-mixed-methods-pilot-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Adi Lausen, Louise Marsland, Samantha Head, Joanna Jackson, Berthold Lausen
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a distressing condition affecting at least 5 million women in England and Wales. Traditionally, physiotherapy for UI comprises pelvic floor muscle training, but although evidence suggests this can be effective it is also recognised that benefits are often compromised by patient motivation and commitment. In addition, there is increasing recognition that physical symptoms alone are poor indicators of the impact of incontinence on individuals' lives...
January 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329540/children-with-albinism-in-african-regions-their-rights-to-being-and-doing
#8
Anita Franklin, Patricia Lund, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Albinism is an inherited condition with a relatively high prevalence in populations throughout sub-Saharan Africa. People with oculocutaneous albinism have little or no pigment in their hair, skin and eyes; thus they are visually impaired and extremely sensitive to the damaging effect of the sun on their skin. Aside from the health implications of oculocutaneous albinism, there are also significant sociocultural risks. The impacts of albinism are particularly serious in areas that associate albinism with legend and folklore, leading to stigmatisation and discrimination...
January 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329526/definitions-measurements-and-prevalence-of-fear-of-childbirth-a-systematic-review
#9
C Nilsson, E Hessman, H Sjöblom, A Dencker, E Jangsten, M Mollberg, H Patel, C Sparud-Lundin, H Wigert, C Begley
BACKGROUND: Fear of Childbirth (FOC) is a common problem affecting women's health and wellbeing, and a common reason for requesting caesarean section. The aims of this review were to summarise published research on prevalence of FOC in childbearing women and how it is defined and measured during pregnancy and postpartum, and to search for useful measures of FOC, for research as well as for clinical settings. METHODS: Five bibliographic databases in March 2015 were searched for published research on FOC, using a protocol agreed a priori...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325517/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-daily-mile-on-childhood-obesity-and-wellbeing-the-birmingham-daily-mile-protocol
#11
Katie Breheny, Peymane Adab, Sandra Passmore, James Martin, Emma Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a public health priority. Children spend a large proportion of their waking time in school; therefore this is an appropriate setting to implement obesity prevention initiatives. Anecdotal reports suggest that implementing The Daily Mile in schools has had positive effects on childhood obesity, academic attainment and wellbeing. This trial aims to measure the effectiveness of The Daily Mile for improving health and wellbeing. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) in 40 primary schools located in Birmingham, UK...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325443/moving-upstream-in-health-promoting-policies-for-older-people-with-early-frailty-in-england-a-policy-analysis
#12
Vari Drennan, Kate Walters, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Claire Goodman, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe
Objectives Globally, populations are rapidly ageing and countries have developed health promotion and wellbeing strategies to address increasing demand for health care and old-age support. The older population is not homogeneous however, and includes a large group in transition between being active and healthy to being frail, i.e. with early frailty. This review explores the extent to which policy in England has addressed this group with a view to supporting independence and preventing further progression towards frailty...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322473/pharmaceutical-care-and-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-over-the-past-25%C3%A2-years-have-we-measured-dimensions-that-really-matter
#13
REVIEW
Mohammed A Mohammed, Rebekah J Moles, Timothy F Chen
Background Several measures of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) have been used to evaluate Pharmaceutical Care (PC) interventions in the past decades. However, their suitability for evaluation of PC services has not been comprehensively evaluated. Aim of the review The aim of this review was to perform content analysis of HRQoL measures used in PC studies to gain an insight into their suitability for evaluation of PC services. Method PC studies evaluating HRQoL as a primary or secondary outcomes were retrieved based on a literature search of articles published from 1990 to 2015, on Medline, Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, Cinahl, HealthStar, Cochrane Library, AUSThealth, Australian Medical Index, and Current content...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320900/societal-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-ireland
#14
Peter Carney, Derek O'Boyle, Aidan Larkin, Chris McGuigan, Killian O'Rourke
AIMS: This paper evaluates the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Ireland and estimates the associated direct, indirect, and intangible costs to society based on a large nationally representative sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed to capture the demographics, disease characteristics, healthcare use, informal care, employment, and wellbeing. Referencing international studies, standardised survey instruments were included (e.g., CSRI, MFIS-5, EQ-5D) or adapted (EDSS) for inclusion in an online survey platform...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320522/do-systematic-reviews-address-community-healthcare-professionals-wound-care-uncertainties-results-from-evidence-mapping-in-wound-care
#15
Janice Christie, Trish A Gray, Jo C Dumville, Nicky A Cullum
BACKGROUND: Complex wounds such as leg and foot ulcers are common, resource intensive and have negative impacts on patients' wellbeing. Evidence-based decision-making, substantiated by high quality evidence such as from systematic reviews, is widely advocated for improving patient care and healthcare efficiency. Consequently, we set out to classify and map the extent to which up-to-date systematic reviews containing robust evidence exist for wound care uncertainties prioritised by community-based healthcare professionals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320477/a-global-map-of-travel-time-to-cities-to-assess-inequalities-in-accessibility-in-2015
#16
D J Weiss, A Nelson, H S Gibson, W Temperley, S Peedell, A Lieber, M Hancher, E Poyart, S Belchior, N Fullman, B Mappin, U Dalrymple, J Rozier, T C D Lucas, R E Howes, L S Tusting, S Y Kang, E Cameron, D Bisanzio, K E Battle, S Bhatt, P W Gething
The economic and man-made resources that sustain human wellbeing are not distributed evenly across the world, but are instead heavily concentrated in cities. Poor access to opportunities and services offered by urban centres (a function of distance, transport infrastructure, and the spatial distribution of cities) is a major barrier to improved livelihoods and overall development. Advancing accessibility worldwide underpins the equity agenda of 'leaving no one behind' established by the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations...
January 10, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320417/social-support-religious-endorsement-and-career-commitment-a-study-on-saudi-nurses
#17
Mohammad T Azim, Mazharul M Islam
The present study investigates the effect of perceived social support (PSS) and perceived religious endorsement (PRE) on career commitment (CC) of Saudi nurses. The investigation also extends to the moderating role of different demographic and organizational factors in the extent of PSS, and career commitment these nurses report. Data required for meeting these study objectives were collected from male and female Saudi nurses through a structured questionnaire. Multiple regressions using Partial Least Squares based Structural Equation Model, Smart-PLS version 3...
January 10, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318339/-e-health-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-mental-disorders-will-therapists-soon-become-superfluous
#18
REVIEW
Stefan Lüttke, Martin Hautzinger, Kristina Fuhr
Digital media, online programs, and electronic health systems are available and easily accessible for diagnostic, prevention, and intervention of somatic and psychiatric disorders. These modern tools can assess objective as well as subjective information about acute symptoms, wellbeing, life quality, sleep, physiological indicators, etc. Wearables and apps collect data over days and weeks in the real world of subjects. This information can be used to document baselines as well as changes over time influenced by events or interventions...
January 9, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317065/nature-exposure-sufficiency-and-insufficiency-the-benefits-of-environmental-preservation
#19
John R Reddon, Salvatore B Durante
Increasing industrialization, urbanization, and a failure of many world leaders to appreciate the consequences of climate change are deleteriously impacting quality of life as well as diminishing the prospects for long term survival. Economic competitiveness and corporate profitability often pre-empt environmental concerns. The calving of an iceberg in Antarctica and the hurricane activity in the Caribbean during 2017 are unfortunate illustrations of the continuing escalation of environmental issues. We provide historical and current evidence for the importance of Nature Exposure (NE) and introduce the continuum Nature Exposure Sufficiency (NES) and Insufficiency (NEI)...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316909/the-health-impact-of-residential-retreats-a-systematic-review
#20
Dhevaksha Naidoo, Adrian Schembri, Marc Cohen
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles are a major factor in the development and exacerbation of many chronic diseases. Improving lifestyles though immersive residential experiences that promote healthy behaviours is a focus of the health retreat industry. This systematic review aims to identify and explore published studies on the health, wellbeing and economic impact of retreat experiences. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychINFO databases were searched for residential retreat studies in English published prior to February 2017...
January 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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