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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905540/the-effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-an-animal-model-of-tinnitus
#1
Wilhelmina H A M Mulders, Vanessa Vooys, Kalina Makowiecki, Alex D Tang, Jennifer Rodger
Tinnitus (phantom auditory perception associated with hearing loss) can seriously affect wellbeing. Its neural substrate is unknown however it has been linked with abnormal activity in auditory pathways. Though no cure currently exists, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to reduce tinnitus in some patients, possibly via induction of cortical plasticity involving brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). We examined whether low intensity rTMS (LI-rTMS) alleviates signs of tinnitus in a guinea pig model and whether this involves changes in BDNF expression and hyperactivity in inferior colliculus...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903049/associations-between-time-spent-in-green-areas-and-physical-activity-among-late-middle-aged-adults
#2
Bart Dewulf, Tijs Neutens, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Steven Broekx, Carolien Beckx, Nico Van de Weghe
Physical activity is an important facilitator for health and wellbeing, especially for late middle-aged adults, who are more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases. Physical activity performed in green areas is supposed to be particularly beneficial, so we studied whether late middle- aged adults are more active in green areas than in non-green areas and how this is influenced by individual characteristics and the level of neighbourhood greenness. We tracked 180 late middle-aged (58 to 65 years) adults using global positioning system and accelerometer data to know whether and where they were sedentary or active...
November 16, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899477/mental-health-coverage-in-needs-assessments-and-associated-opportunities
#3
Jonathan Campion, Claire Coombes, Neel Bhaduri
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders account for almost a third of UK disease burden. Cost effective public mental health interventions have broad public health relevant impacts. Since coverage of such interventions is low, assessment of local coverage is important. METHODS: A total of 23 Joint Strategic Needs Assessments (JSNAs) around London were assessed for different mental health intelligence. RESULTS: Mental health was poorly covered and difficult to locate in JSNAs...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899094/research-protocol-for-a-digital-intervention-to-reduce-stigma-among-males-with-a-personal-experience-of-suicide-in-the-australian-farming-community
#4
Alison J Kennedy, Vincent Lawrence Versace, Susan A Brumby
BACKGROUND: Australian farming communities have up to twice the suicide rate of the general population. Men, particularly, demonstrate debilitating self- and perceived-stigma associated with an experience of suicide. The Ripple Effect is aimed to reduce suicide stigma within the social, cultural, geographical and psychological contexts in which it occurs. METHODS: A mixed-method design with multi-level evaluation will be effected following the development and delivery of a personalised website experience (combining shared stories, education, personal goal setting and links to resources) to farming men, aged 30-64 years, with an experience of suicide...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899059/lessons-learned-from-trait-self-control-in-wellbeing-making-the-case-for-routines-and-initiation-as-important-components-of-trait-self-control
#5
Denise De Ridder, Marleen Gillebaart
It seems common knowledge that trait self-control helps people to achieve the things they find important in their lives by not being distracted by immediate pleasures and temptations. Initial evidence suggests that trait self-control is important in wellbeing as well, with people high in self-control experiencing more positive momentary affect, life satisfaction, and happiness. Whereas it is not so difficult to imagine why effortful inhibition of impulses would benefit continued striving for long-term personal goals, it is more challenging to understand why self-control would make people happier and more satisfied with their lives...
November 29, 2016: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898313/wellbeing-in-the-aftermath-of-floods
#6
Kate Walker-Springett, Catherine Butler, W Neil Adger
The interactions between flood events, their aftermath, and recovery leading to health and wellbeing outcomes for individuals are complex, and the pathways and mechanisms through which wellbeing is affected are often hidden and remain under-researched. This study analyses the diverse processes that explain changes in wellbeing for those experiencing flooding. It identifies key pathways to wellbeing outcomes that concern perceptions of lack of agency, dislocation from home, and disrupted futures inducing negative impacts, with offsetting positive effects through community networks and interactions...
November 26, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898311/premature-mortality-resilience-and-wellbeing-within-urban-m%C3%A4-ori-communities
#7
Andrew M Waa, Amber L Pearson, John L Ryks
Māori (the indigenous peoples of Aotearoa New Zealand) experience of colonisation has negatively affected access to many of the resources (e.g. income, adequate housing) that enable health and well-being. However Māori have actively responded to the challenges they have faced. With the majority of the Māori population now living in urban settings this exploratory study aimed to understand factors contributing to mortality resilience despite exposure to socio-economic adversity with reference to Māori well-being...
November 26, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898142/sv%C3%A3-ra-samtal-med-patienter-tr%C3%A3-nas-p%C3%A3-kurs-med-sk%C3%A3-despelare-en-medveten-strategi-hj%C3%A3-lper-b%C3%A3-de-l%C3%A3-kare-och-patient
#8
Anders Danielsson, Hanna Dahlstrand, Franziska Edvinsson, Mattias Tranberg, Anna Wrangsjö, Carl-Johan Fürst
The physician's communication skill influences the patient's mental and physical wellbeing, as well as the physician's own experience of stress. Most patients wish to be informed about their disease, by physicians who are honest, gives time, sustains hope, listens and shows compassion and empathy. Even though there are established guidelines on how to break bad news, the physician must find out and respond to the unique reactions and needs of each individual, in order to communicate successfully. There is no consensus on how to construct and evaluate communication skills training programs for physicians, and more RCT-studies are requested...
November 22, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896539/why-health-and-social-care-support-for-people-with-long-term-conditions-should-be-oriented-towards-enabling-them-to-live-well
#9
Vikki A Entwistle, Alan Cribb, John Owens
There are various reasons why efforts to promote "support for self-management" have rarely delivered the kinds of sustainable improvements in healthcare experiences, health and wellbeing that policy leaders internationally have hoped for. This paper explains how the basis of failure is in some respects built into the ideas that underpin many of these efforts. When (the promotion of) support for self-management is narrowly oriented towards educating and motivating patients to adopt the behaviours recommended for disease control, it implicitly reflects and perpetuates limited and somewhat instrumental views of patients...
November 28, 2016: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894015/examining-associations-between-area-level-spatial-measures-of-housing-with-selected-health-and-wellbeing-behaviours-and-outcomes-in-an-urban-context
#10
Hannah Badland, Sarah Foster, Rebecca Bentley, Carl Higgs, Rebecca Roberts, Christopher Pettit, Billie Giles-Corti
Adequate and affordable housing is a major social determinant of health; yet no work has attempted to conceptually map and spatially test area-level measures of housing with selected health and wellbeing outcomes. Sourcing data from 7,753 adults from Melbourne, Australia, we tested associations between area-level measures of housing density, tenure, and affordability with individual-level measures of neighbourhood safety, community satisfaction, and self-rated health. Compared with the reference groups, the odds of: feeling unsafe was higher for residents living in areas with less affordable housing; community dissatisfaction was ~30% higher in those living in areas with >36% residential properties assigned as rentals, and was significantly higher in the least affordable areas (OR =1...
November 25, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#11
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890777/psychological-wellbeing-in-survivors-of-cardiac-arrest-and-its-relationship-to-neurocognitive-function
#12
Siân E Davies, Megan Rhys, Sarah E Voss, Rosemary Greenwood, Matthew Thomas, Jonathan R Benger
OBJECTIVE: To characterise psychological wellbeing in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and examine its relationship to cognitive function. PATIENTS: Forty-one highly functioning cardiac arrest survivors were drawn from the follow-up cohort of a randomised controlled trial of initial airway management in OHCA (ISRCTN:18528625). DESIGN: Psychological wellbeing was assessed with a self-report questionnaire (the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale; DASS) and cognitive function was examined using the Delayed Matching to Samples (DMS) test from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB)...
November 24, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890750/the-use-of-social-media-communications-in-brain-aneurysms-and-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-mixed-method-analysis
#13
Naif M Alotaibi, Nardin Samuel, Justin Wang, Christopher S Ahuja, Daipayan Guha, George M Ibrahim, Tom A Schweizer, Gustavo Saposnik, R Loch Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of a ruptured or unruptured brain aneurysm has a significant impact on patients' quality of life and their psychosocial wellbeing. As a result, patients and caregivers may resort to social media platforms for support and education. The aim of this report is to evaluate the current use of social media and the online communications regarding brain aneurysms. METHODS: Three social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter and YouTube) were assessed for public content pertaining to brain aneurysms in March 2016...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889217/the-sight-questionnaire-a-novel-assessment-tool-for-satisfaction-in-genital-hypospadias-treatment
#14
Peter U Ardelt, Marco Cederqvist, Michael Barth, Alexander Frankenschmidt
PURPOSE: Psychosexual development is currently underrepresented in hypospadias outcome research. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire addressing psychosexual long-term satisfaction, specifically of adolescent patients, after hypospadias repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multistep participative design we identified key interests of adolescent patients with hypospadias. Next, a questionnaire addressing specifically the psychosexual satisfaction of adolescents after hypospadias repair was established...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888677/assessing-positive-emotional-memories-with-peers-the-early-memories-of-warmth-and-safeness-with-peers-scale-for-adolescents
#15
Marina Cunha, Cláudia Ferreira, Cristiana Duarte, Diogo Andrade, Joana Marta-Simões, José Pinto-Gouveia
Research on the association between early positive relational experiences and later psychosocial adjustment is growing. The quality of peer relationships may have a particularly important effect on adolescents' wellbeing and mental health. The current study aimed at examining a measure of personal emotional memories of peer relationships characterized by warmth, safeness and affection, which occurred in childhood and adolescence (EMWSSPeers-A). Distinct samples (N = 584) of adolescents aged between 12 and 18 were used to assess the EMWSSPeers-A' factorial structure through a Principal Component Analysis and a Confirmatory Factor Analysis, and to analyse the scale's psychometric properties...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888279/predictors-of-liver-transplant-patient-survival-a-critical-review-using-a-holistic-framework
#16
Lisiane Pruinelli, Karen A Monsen, Cynthia R Gross, David M Radosevich, György J Simon, Bonnie L Westra
OBJECTIVE: Liver transplantation is a costly and risky procedure, representing 25 050 procedures worldwide in 2013, with 6729 procedures performed in the United States in 2014. Considering the scarcity of organs and uncertainty regarding prognosis, limited studies address the variety of risk factors before transplantation that might contribute to predicting patient's survival and therefore developing better models that address a holistic view of transplant patients. This critical review aimed to identify predictors of liver transplant patient survival included in large-scale studies and assess the gap in risk factors from a holistic approach using the Wellbeing Model and the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement...
November 25, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887806/a-comparison-of-two-psychological-interventions-for-newly-diagnosed-gynecological-cancer-patients
#17
Sharon L Manne, Shannon Myers Virtue, Melissa Ozga, Deborah Kashy, Carolyn Heckman, David Kissane, Norman Rosenblum, Mark Morgan, Lorna Rodriquez
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the efficacy of two psychological interventions, a coping and communication-enhancing intervention (CCI) and supportive counseling (SC), in reducing depressive symptoms, cancer-specific distress, fear of recurrence, and emotional well-being of women diagnosed with gynecological cancer. Demographic, medical, and psychological moderators of intervention effects were evaluated. METHODS: Three hundred fifty-two women with gynecological cancer were randomly assigned to eight sessions of CCI, eight sessions of SC, or usual care (UC)...
November 22, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886625/culturally-construed-beliefs-and-perceptions-of-nursing-students-and-the-stigma-impacting-on-people-living-with-aids-a-qualitative-study
#18
David Pickles, Lindy King, Sheryl de Lacey
BACKGROUND: Since HIV and AIDS were discovered, studies have demonstrated that negative perceptions and reluctance to provide care to affected people persist among nursing students throughout the world. This leads to poor quality care. OBJECTIVES: To report on a study that explored socio-cultural influences on the perceptions of international nursing students toward caring for people living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive research design, guided by stigma theory, was utilised...
November 16, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886591/gambling-machine-annexes-as-enabling-spaces-for-addictive-engagement
#19
Peter J Adams, Janine Wiles
The widespread proliferation of electronic gambling machines and improvements to their design have contributed to rising levels of gambling-related harm including harms associated with addictive behaviour and other impacts on health and wellbeing. Research into their addictive potential has focused mainly on the interface between gamblers and the machines themselves. We shift the focus onto the spatial contexts, the rooms and the venues, in which gambling machines are positioned. By examining a series of common layouts we identify the division of venues into two main areas: one for the main social activities of the venue (the "main hall") and the other a partitioned area (the "annex") in which gambling machines are tightly clumped in ways that discourage social interaction...
November 22, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#20
Laura Polloni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Emilia Ferruzza, Roberta Bonaguro, Francesca Lazzarotto, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Antonella Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological wellbeing. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared to healthy peers, and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
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