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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169104/reconciling-ethical-and-economic-conceptions-of-value-in-health-policy-using-the-capabilities-approach-a-qualitative-investigation-of-non-invasive-prenatal-testing
#1
Mia Kibel, Meredith Vanstone
When evaluating new morally complex health technologies, policy decision-makers consider a broad range of different evaluations, which may include the technology's clinical effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and social or ethical implications. This type of holistic assessment is challenging, because each of these evaluations may be grounded in different and potentially contradictory assumptions about the technology's value. One such technology where evaluations conflict is Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT)...
November 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168960/using-the-internet-to-access-health-related-information-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-new-zealand-secondary-school-students
#2
Jennifer Utter, Mathijs Lucassen, Simon Denny, Terry Fleming, Roshini Peiris-John, Terryann Clark
Objective To determine if secondary school students in New Zealand who report greater health concerns (e.g. significant depressive symptoms) are more likely to use the Internet to access health-related information. Methods A nationally representative health and wellbeing survey was undertaken in 2012 (n = 8500). Multiple regression models were used to examine the associations between students' use of the Internet to access health-related information and selected outcomes or indicators. Results Over 90% of students used the Internet on a daily basis, with 15...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168948/development-and-evaluation-of-an-educational-training-package-to-promote-health-and-wellbeing
#3
Emily Gartshore, Lydia Briggs, Holly Blake
BACKGROUND: supporting the health and wellbeing of healthcare employees is a national priority in the UK. AIMS: to design, deliver and evaluate an educational package to promote health and wellbeing for nurses and midwives. METHODS: an online training package was developed and administered in two ways: online (HAWN-online) or in a face-to-face workshop (HAWN-contact). A mixed methods evaluation was used to assess usability and acceptability of HAWN training...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167041/efficacy-of-an-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-training-in-women-with-idiopathic-preterm-labor-a-randomized-controlled-intervention-study
#4
Corinne Urech, Sandra Scherer, Martina Emmenegger, Jens Gaab, Sibil Tschudin, Irène Hoesli, Thomas Berger, Judith Alder
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating the efficacy of an internet-based cognitive behavioral stress management program (IB-CBSM) for pregnant women with preterm labor (PTL) on birth outcome and stress-related psychological and biological parameters. METHODS: 93 pregnant women with PTL (gestational age 18-32) were assigned to either the IB-CBSM (n=50) or a control group (CG) based on distraction (n=43). Participants in both groups worked through six weekly modules...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167034/body-awareness-training-in-the-treatment-of-wearing-off-related-anxiety-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ires Ghielen, Erwin E H van Wegen, Sonja Rutten, Cees J T de Goede, Marieke Houniet-de Gier, Emma H Collette, Ingrid A L Burgers-Bots, Jos W R Twisk, Gert Kwakkel, Kees Vermunt, Bep van Vliet, Henk W Berendse, Odile A van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: In Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, fluctuations in symptoms commonly occur after many years of dopamine replacement therapy. The so-called wearing-off phenomenon exists of both motor and non-motor symptoms, such as rigidity and anxiety. Current treatment options are limited and an integrated approach is needed to address the complex interactions between motor and non-motor symptoms. Since wearing-off is eventually inevitable, treatment needs to focus on coping, acceptance and self-efficacy...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165173/health-and-well-being-benefits-of-spending-time-in-forests-systematic-review
#6
Byeongsang Oh, Kyung Ju Lee, Chris Zaslawski, Albert Yeung, David Rosenthal, Linda Larkey, Michael Back
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported that spending time in nature is associated with the improvement of various health outcomes and well-being. This review evaluated the physical and psychological benefits of a specific type of exposure to nature, forest therapy. METHOD: A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, and ProQuest databases and manual searches from inception up to December 2016. Key words: "Forest" or "Shinrin -Yoku" or "Forest bath" AND "Health" or "Wellbeing"...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164726/functional-connectivity-changes-following-interpersonal-reactivity
#7
A L Krause, L Colic, V Borchardt, M Li, B Strauss, A Buchheim, D Wildgruber, P Fonagy, T Nolte, M Walter
Attachment experiences substantially influence emotional and cognitive development. Narratives comprising attachment-dependent content were proposed to modulate activation of cognitive-emotional schemata in listeners. We studied the effects after listening to prototypical attachment narratives on wellbeing and countertransference-reactions in 149 healthy participants. Neural correlates of these cognitive-emotional schema activations were investigated in a 7 Tesla rest-task-rest fMRI-study (23 healthy males) using functional connectivity (FC) analysis of the social approach network (seed regions: left and right Caudate Nucleus, CN)...
November 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164511/effect-of-partners-disgust-responses-on-psychological-wellbeing-in-cancer-patients
#8
Haffiezhah A Azlan, Paul G Overton, Jane Simpson, Philip A Powell
The aim of this study was to explore quantitatively the relationship between disgust responses in cancer patients and their partners, and in turn their relationship to patients' psychological well-being. We recruited 50 participants with heterogeneous cancer diagnoses and their partners from cancer-related groups (e.g., charities). Patients completed questionnaires to determine levels of disgust propensity, disgust sensitivity, self-disgust, and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Disgust propensity and sensitivity were also assessed in their partners...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163132/the-influence-of-negative-emotion-on-cognitive-and-emotional-control-remains-intact-in-aging
#9
Artyom Zinchenko, Christian Obermeier, Philipp Kanske, Erich Schröger, Arno Villringer, Sonja A Kotz
Healthy aging is characterized by a gradual decline in cognitive control and inhibition of interferences, while emotional control is either preserved or facilitated. Emotional control regulates the processing of emotional conflicts such as in irony in speech, and cognitive control resolves conflict between non-affective tendencies. While negative emotion can trigger control processes and speed up resolution of both cognitive and emotional conflicts, we know little about how aging affects the interaction of emotion and control...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162952/oral-health-status-and-fertility-treatment-including-ivf
#10
REVIEW
Sunali Sundeep Khanna, Prita A Dhaimade, Shalini Malhotra
Oral health is extremely important for the general wellbeing of the individual. From a number of research articles, it is established that there is a definitive connection between periodontal health and many systemic diseases, like type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and even preterm labor and low birth weight of babies. The significant rate of failure in the treatment of infertility and IVF (in vitro fertilization) even with multiple advancements in the last decade has made scientist take interest in newer parameters of health, an important one among them being periodontal health...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162513/homeostatic-effect-of-laughter-on-diabetic-cardiovascular-complications-the-myth-turned-to-fact
#11
REVIEW
Mohamed H Noureldein, Assaad A Eid
AIMS: Laughter has been used for centuries to alleviate pain in morbid conditions. It was not until 1976 that scientists thought about laughter as a form of therapy that can modulate hormonal and immunological parameters that affect the outcome of many serious diseases. Moreover, Laughter therapy was shown to be beneficial in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by delaying the onset of many diabetic complications. Laughter is also described to influence the cardiovascular and endothelial functions and thus may protect against diabetic cardiovascular complications...
November 18, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162111/the-role-of-primary-care-in-adult-weight-management-qualitative-interviews-with-key-stakeholders-in-weight-management-services
#12
David N Blane, Sara Macdonald, David Morrison, Catherine A O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Primary care has a key role to play in the prevention and management of obesity, but there remain barriers to engagement in weight management by primary care practitioners. The aim of this study was to explore the views of key stakeholders in adult weight management services on the role of primary care in adult weight management. METHODS: Qualitative study involving semi-structured interviews with nine senior dietitians involved in NHS weight management from seven Scottish health boards...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160737/community-singing-groups-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-participant-perspectives
#13
Ann Skingley, Stephen Clift, Sadie Hurley, Sonia Price, Lizzi Stephens
AIM: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health issue which is irreversible and progressive, but previous research suggests that singing may have beneficial effects. The aim of this study was to establish the views of participants with COPD taking part in a singing for better breathing programme. METHODS: This was a descriptive qualitative study nested within a single-cohort feasibility study which included measures of lung function and wellbeing...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160489/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-filial-responsibility-protocol-for-use-in-brazil
#14
Marines Aires, Fernanda Laís Fengler Dal Pizzol, Duane Mocellin, Idiane Rosset, Eliane Pinheiro de Morais, Lisiane Manganelli Girardi Paskulin
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a cross-cultural adaptation of the Filial Responsibility protocol for use in Brazil with adult child caregivers for elderly parents. METHOD: A methodological study that included the steps of initial translation, synthesis of translations, back-translation, committee of experts, pre-test, evaluation of psychometric measures and submission to authors. The protocol comprises a qualitative step, closed questions and seven scales: Filial Expectation, Subsidiary Compassion, Caregiver burden, Life Satisfaction, Personal Well-being and Quality of Relationships...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159882/cardiotocography-versus-intermittent-auscultation-of-foetal-heart-on-admission-to-labour-ward-for-assessment-of-foetal-wellbeing
#15
Amanda Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159861/promoting-high-standards-of-care-for-women-living-with-hiv-position-statement-from-the-women-against-viruses-in-europe-working-group
#16
J D Kowalska, K Aebi-Popp, M Loutfy, F A Post, M J Perez-Elias, M Johnson, F Mulcahy
OBJECTIVES: Gender-related factors can influence management decisions, treatment outcomes and the overall long-term wellbeing of people living with HIV (PLWH). The Women Against Viruses in Europe (WAVE) Working Group was established to promote the health and wellbeing of women living with HIV (WLWH). WAVE is part of the European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS) and organizes annual workshops to discuss different issues in the management of WLWH. METHODS: In 2016, 34 WAVE members including community representatives, HIV clinicians and researchers met to discuss standards of care for WLWH and to review current guidelines...
November 21, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158118/measuring-physiological-responses-to-the-arts-in-people-with-a-dementia
#17
REVIEW
George E C Thomas, Sebastian Crutch, Paul M Camic
The dementias are a group of progressive symptoms that have multiple causes, usually caused by disease or injury of the brain, affecting higher brain functions such as language, perception, memory, reasoning and mood; they can also be associated with changes in personality. Arts interventions and interaction with the arts can create meaningful, positive experiences for people with a dementia, as well as improve quality of life. Qualitative research in particular, has been able to describe the emotional responses the arts can produce, but quantifiable changes have not been well documented...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157638/high-school-start-times-after-8-30-am-are-associated-with-later-wake-times-and-longer-time-in-bed-among-teens-in-a-national-urban-cohort-study
#18
Nicole G Nahmod, Soomi Lee, Orfeu M Buxton, Anne-Marie Chang, Lauren Hale
OBJECTIVES: High school start times are a key contributor to insufficient sleep. This study investigated associations of high school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed among urban teenagers. DESIGN: Daily-diary study nested within the prospective Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. SETTING: Twenty US cities. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirteen teenagers who completed ≥1 daily diary report on a school day...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157354/identification-of-vulnerability-within-a-child-and-family-health-service
#19
Katarina Kimla, Dania Nathanson, Susan Woolfenden, Karen Zwi
Objective The aims of the present study were to describe the prevalence of vulnerability in a cohort of newborns, identify the factors that increase the risk of vulnerability and examine whether those who are most vulnerable are receiving home visits.Methods A prospective cross-sectional study was performed using data collected from questionnaires completed by child and family health nurses and obstetric discharge summaries for each mother-baby dyad. Descriptive frequencies and percentages are used to describe the proportions of children who were vulnerable, offered services and had risk factors for vulnerability...
November 21, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156416/the-natural-context-of-wellbeing-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-the-influence-of-nature-and-daylight-on-affect-and-stress-for-individuals-with-depression-levels-varying-from-none-to-clinical
#20
Femke Beute, Yvonne A W de Kort
This paper explores how everyday encounters with two natural phenomena -natural elements and daylight- influence affect and stress levels for people differing in mental health. Nature and daylight exposure both have well-documented beneficial effects on mental health and affect but to what extent their exposure has beneficial effects in daily life is currently under investigated, as is the question whether lower mental health would make one more, or instead, less responsive. To this end, an ecological momentary assessment protocol was employed for a period of 6 days...
November 17, 2017: Health & Place
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