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american journal of infection control

Brian J Morris, Sean E Kennedy, Alex D Wodak, Adrian Mindel, David Golovsky, Leslie Schrieber, Eugenie R Lumbers, David J Handelsman, John B Ziegler
AIM: To determine whether recent evidence-based United States policies on male circumcision (MC) apply to comparable Anglophone countries, Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Articles in 2005 through 2015 were retrieved from PubMed using the keyword "circumcision" together with 36 relevant subtopics. A further PubMed search was performed for articles published in 2016. Searches of the EMBASE and Cochrane databases did not yield additional citable articles. Articles were assessed for quality and those rated 2+ and above according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Grading System were studied further...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
James W Kazura
Onchocerciasis is one of the two filarial helminth "neglected tropical diseases" (the other being lymphatic filariasis) that has been targeted for geographically local elimination followed by global eradication. The last known areas of Onchocerca volvulus transmission in the Americas have recently been reported to be eliminated. In contrast, achieving metrics for interruption of O. volvulus transmission in Africa, thus removing the requirement for continued monitoring and mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin, has been more challenging...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Joan N Hebden, Denise Leaptrot, Angela Anttila, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Janet E Brooks, Cindy Gross, Eileen Scalise, Marc-Oliver Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Vera Lúcia Fonseca Andrade, Filipa Alexandra Veludo Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: to describe strategies used by health professionals on the implementation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for the prevention of urinary infection related to catheterism. METHOD: systematic review on literature based on data from CINAHL(r), Nursing & Allied Health Collection, Cochrane Plus Collection, MedicLatina, MEDLINE(r), Academic Search Complete, ACS - American Chemical Society, Health Reference Center Academic, Nursing Reference Center, ScienceDirect Journals and Wiley Online Library...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Tom Møller, Claus Moser, Lis Adamsen, Grith Rugaard, Mary Jarden, Tina S Bøtcher, Liza Wiedenbein, Lars Kjeldsen
Long-lasting neutropenia associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its treatment gives rise to a high risk of pneumonia. The use of broad-spectrum antibiotic prophylaxis during outpatient management has not completely protected patients against admission due to infections and neutropenic fever, emphasizing the need to approach infection protection with complementary efforts. In a randomized controlled design, we examined the applicability of patient-performed daily spirometry [forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)] as an early warning tool and explored the effectiveness of positive expiratory pressure (PEP) in preventing pneumonia among 80 AML patients...
March 2016: American Journal of Hematology
K Markakis, F L Bowling, A J M Boulton
In 2015, it can be said that the diabetic foot is no longer the Cinderella of diabetic complications. Thirty years ago there was little evidence-based research taking place on the diabetic foot, and there were no international meetings addressing this topic. Since then, the biennial Malvern Diabetic Foot meetings started in 1986, the American Diabetes Association founded their Foot Council in 1987, and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes established a Foot Study Group in 1998. The first International Symposium on the Diabetic Foot in The Netherlands was convened in 1991, and this was soon followed by the establishment of the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot that has produced useful guidelines in several areas of investigation and the management of diabetic foot problems...
January 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Cindy Gross, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Angela Anttila, Janet E Brooks, Joan N Hebden, Denise Leaptrot, Susan Morabit, Marc-Oliver Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2015: American Journal of Infection Control
Katherine Allen-Bridson, Angela Anttila, Janet E Brooks, Cindy Gross, Joan N Hebden, Denise Leaptrot, Susan Morabit, Marc-Oliver Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2015: American Journal of Infection Control
Olivia Rodríguez-Morales, Víctor Monteón-Padilla, Silvia C Carrillo-Sánchez, Martha Rios-Castro, Mariana Martínez-Cruz, Alejandro Carabarin-Lima, Minerva Arce-Fonseca
Chagas disease, or American trypanosomiasis, which is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is primarily a vector disease endemic in 21 Latin American countries, including Mexico. Although many vector control programs have been implemented, T. cruzi has not been eradicated. The development of an anti-T. cruzi vaccine for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes may significantly contribute to the transmission control of Chagas disease. Immune protection against experimental infection with T. cruzi has been studied since the second decade of the last century, and many types of immunogens have been used subsequently, such as killed or attenuated parasites and new DNA vaccines...
2015: Journal of Immunology Research
Fernanda C Lessa, Yi Mu, Wendy M Bamberg, Zintars G Beldavs, Ghinwa K Dumyati, John R Dunn, Monica M Farley, Stacy M Holzbauer, James I Meek, Erin C Phipps, Lucy E Wilson, Lisa G Winston, Jessica A Cohen, Brandi M Limbago, Scott K Fridkin, Dale N Gerding, L Clifford McDonald
BACKGROUND: The magnitude and scope of Clostridium difficile infection in the United States continue to evolve. METHODS: In 2011, we performed active population- and laboratory-based surveillance across 10 geographic areas in the United States to identify cases of C. difficile infection (stool specimens positive for C. difficile on either toxin or molecular assay in residents ≥ 1 year of age). Cases were classified as community-associated or health care-associated...
February 26, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Mohit Bhandari, P J Devereaux, Thomas A Einhorn, Lehana Thabane, Emil H Schemitsch, Kenneth J Koval, Frede Frihagen, Rudolf W Poolman, Kevin Tetsworth, Ernesto Guerra-Farfán, Kim Madden, Sheila Sprague, Gordon Guyatt
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures are a leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide, and the number of hip fractures is expected to rise to over 6 million per year by 2050. The optimal approach for the surgical management of displaced femoral neck fractures remains unknown. Current evidence suggests the use of arthroplasty; however, there is lack of evidence regarding whether patients with displaced femoral neck fractures experience better outcomes with total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hemiarthroplasty (HA)...
February 13, 2015: BMJ Open
Valerie Waters, Felix Ratjen
BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacteria are mycobacteria, other than those in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, and are commonly found in the environment. Nontuberculous mycobacteria species (most commonly Mycobacterium avium complex and Mycobacterium abscessus) are isolated from the respiratory tract of approximately 5% to 20% of individuals with cystic fibrosis; they can cause lung disease in people with cystic fibrosis leading to more a rapid decline in lung function and even death in certain circumstances...
December 3, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Edward Lebovics, Klara Czobor
Current initiatives focusing on hepatitis C (HCV) screening and diagnosis, together with the advent of oral interferon (IFN)-free treatment regimens have prompted Elsevier Multimedia Publishing and the American Journal of Medicine (AJM) to develop a novel, comprehensive, online Resource Center dedicated to providing both primary care providers and specialists with the latest information on the screening, diagnosis, treatment, and management of HCV. To date, only 25% of infected patients have been diagnosed and only 5% cured...
November 2014: American Journal of Medicine
Katrina Crist, Elaine Larson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: American Journal of Infection Control
Zhu-feng Peng, Lu Yang, Ting-ting Wang, Ping Han, Zhen-hua Liu, Qiang Wei
PURPOSE: We evaluate the efficacy and safety of sirolimus in the treatment of renal angiomyolipoma in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex or sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE®, Embase®, ACP (American College of Physicians) Journal Club, Cochrane CENTRAL (Central Register of Controlled Trials) and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was performed. A secondary hand search was performed in relevant journals, references and the grey literature...
November 2014: Journal of Urology
Annunziato Amendola
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes (reruptures and other complications, strength, and return to work) of open surgical repair of acute Achilles tendon ruptures with nonoperative management, by means of a meta-analysis of the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DATA SOURCES: The online search using words related to management of Achilles tendon rupture included MEDLINE, PubMed, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the American College of Physicians Journal Club...
January 2014: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
William O Shaffer, Jamie L Baisden, Robert Fernand, Paul G Matz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The North American Spine Society's (NASS) Evidence-Based Clinical Guideline on Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Spine Surgery provides evidence-based recommendations to address key clinical questions regarding the efficacy and the appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis protocol to prevent surgical site infections in patients undergoing spine surgery. The guideline is intended to address these questions based on the highest quality clinical literature available on this subject as of June 2011...
October 2013: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Katherine Allen-Bridson, Cindy Gross, Joan N Hebden, Gloria C Morrell, Marc-Oliver Wright, Teresa Horan
This is the second case study published in a series in AJIC since the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) surveillance definition update of 2013. These cases reflect some of the complex patient scenarios Infection Preventionists (IP) have encountered in their daily surveillance of health care-associated infections (HAI) using NHSN definitions. This is the first case utilizing the new NHSN Ventilator-associated Events (VAE) module and criteria.
November 2013: American Journal of Infection Control
Joan N Hebden, Angela Anttila, Kathy Allen-Bridson, Gloria C Morrell, Marc-Oliver Wright, Teresa Horan
This is the first in a series of case studies that will be published in American Journal of Infection Control following the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) surveillance definition update of 2013. These cases reflect some of the complex patient scenarios infection professionals encounter during daily surveillance of health care-associated infections using NHSN definitions. Answers to the questions posed and immediate feedback in the form of answers and explanations are available at: http://www...
October 2013: American Journal of Infection Control
Stuart M Lichtman
Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide. In 2008, 7.6 million deaths were attributable to cancer, representing 13% of all deaths. It is estimated that approximately 30% of cancer deaths are attributable to the five leading behavioral and dietary risks. These include high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, and tobacco and alcohol use. A number of viral infections, such as hepatitis B and C and HPV, are responsible for approximately 20% of cancer deaths. Approximately 70% of cancer deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries...
2013: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
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