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Elimination diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440626/alteration-of-diastereoisomeric-and-enantiomeric-profiles-of-hexabromocyclododecanes-hbcds-in-adult-chicken-tissues-eggs-and-hatchling-chickens
#1
Xiaobo Zheng, Lin Qiao, Run-XIa Sun, Xiaojun Luo, Jing Zheng, Qilai Xie, Yuxin Sun, Bi Xian Mai
The concentrations and enantiomer fractions (EFs) of α-, β-, and γ-hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) were measured in chicken diet sources (soil and chicken feed), home-raised adult chicken (Gallus domesticus) tissues, eggs during incubation, and hatchling chicken tissues. HBCD concentrations were nd-0.69 ng/g dry weight (dw) and 25.6-48.4 ng/g dw in chicken feed and soil, respectively. HBCDs were detected in all adult chicken tissues except the brain, at median levels of 13.1-44.0 ng/g lipid weight (lw). The proportions of α-HBCD in total HBCDs increased from 51% in soil to more than 87% in adult chicken tissues...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430170/current-management-of-gout-practical-messages-from-eular-2016-guidelines
#2
George Nuki, Michael Doherty, Pascal Richette
The European League Against Rheumatism published updated recommendations for the management of gout in 2016, comprising 3 overarching principles and 11 key recommendations for clinical practice. Patient education about the pathophysiology of gout and its comorbidities, as well as the existence of effective treatments are important, and understanding the principles of managing acute attacks and eliminating urate crystals by lifelong lowering of the serum urate (SU) below a target level are essential. Advice about lifestyle, diet, weight, and other risk factors, as well as the need to screen for, and manage, comorbidities is emphasized...
April 21, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424257/an-animal-source-food-supplement-increases-micronutrient-intakes-and-iron-status-among-reproductive-age-women-in-rural-vietnam
#3
Andrew G Hall, Tu Ngu, Hoang T Nga, Phi N Quyen, Pham T Hong Anh, Janet C King
Background: Few studies have examined the impact of local animal-source foods (ASFs) on the nutritional status of reproductive-age women in developing countries.Objective: We hypothesized that a midmorning snack of local ASF for 6 mo would reduce dietary micronutrient deficiencies [usual intake less than the estimated average requirement (EAR)] and improve blood biomarkers of iron, zinc, and vitamins A and B-12 status among nonpregnant, reproductive-age women in rural Vietnam.Methods: One hundred seventeen women, 18-30 y old, were randomly assigned to receive either an ASF (mean: 144 kcal, 8...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420945/controversies-and-recent-developments-of-the-low-fodmap-diet
#4
Peta Hill, Jane G Muir, Peter R Gibson
The low-fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet is a 2-phased intervention, with strict reduction of all slowly absorbed or indigestible short-chain carbohydrates (ie, FODMAPs) followed by reintroduction of specific FODMAPs according to tolerance. The efficacy of the elimination phase of the FODMAP diet is well established, but the success of maintaining this diet has been shown in only a few observational studies. How the efficacy of the low-FODMAP diet compares with that of other therapies has received limited attention, but recent studies have shown this diet to be comparable or superior to diets that address eating style and choice of food as well as to gut hypnotherapy...
January 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419309/influence-of-dietary-inclusion-of-untreated-or-heat-treated-jatropha-meal-on-productive-and-reproductive-performances-and-biochemical-blood-parameters-of-laying-japanese-quail
#5
M E Abd El-Hack, M Alagawany, S A A El-Sayed, J Fowler
Jatropha meal (JM) has been characterized as a potential animal feedstuff due to its high crude protein content and high levels of essential amino acids. However, it contains anti-nutritive and toxic compounds that may hinder its use. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a dietary inclusion of raw Jatropha meal (RJM) and heat-treated Jatropha meal on the growth and production of laying Japanese quail using productive, reproductive, and biochemical blood parameters. A total number of 180 mature Japanese quail at 2 months of age (120 females and 60 males) was randomly divided into 4 treatment groups: control (0% JM); 3...
April 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410921/a-randomized-trial-to-determine-the-impact-of-a-digestion-resistant-starch-composition-on-the-gut-microbiome-in-older-and-mid-age-adults
#6
Michelle J Alfa, David Strang, Paramjit S Tappia, Morag Graham, Gary Van Domselaar, Jessica D Forbes, Vanessa Laminman, Nancy Olson, Pat DeGagne, David Bray, Brenda-Lee Murray, Brenden Dufault, Lisa M Lix
BACKGROUND: The elderly often have a diet lacking resistant starch (RS) which is thought to lead to gut microbiome dysbiosis that may result in deterioration of gut colonocytes. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to assess if elderly (ELD; ≥ 70 years age) had microbiome dysbiosis compared to mid-age (MID; 30-50 years age) adults and then determine the impact of daily consumption of MSPrebiotic(®) (a RS) or placebo over 3 months on gut microbiome composition...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410620/resolution-of-recurrent-aphthous-ulcers-after-discontinuation-of-cow-s-milk-protein-intake
#7
Nita Chainani-Wu, Anuradha Nayudu
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Authors of published studies have reported elevated levels of circulating antibodies to cow's milk protein (CMP) in patients with recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAUs), and authors of case reports have described resolution of RAU after dairy elimination. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 10-year-old girl and an 11-year-old boy, both with 5-year histories of frequent RAU episodes, with multiple ulcerations, underwent dairy elimination trials. Both were free of oral ulcers within 2 weeks of discontinuing CMP and remained so with a CMP-free diet...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405625/resistance-to-hypertension-mediated-by-intercalated-cells-of-the-collecting-duct
#8
Johannes Stegbauer, Daian Chen, Marcela Herrera, Matthew A Sparks, Ting Yang, Eva Königshausen, Susan B Gurley, Thomas M Coffman
The renal collecting duct (CD), as the terminal segment of the nephron, is responsible for the final adjustments to the amount of sodium excreted in urine. While angiotensin II modulates reabsorptive functions of the CD, the contribution of these actions to physiological homeostasis is not clear. To examine this question, we generated mice with cell-specific deletion of AT1A receptors from the CD. Elimination of AT1A receptors from both principal and intercalated cells (CDKO mice) had no effect on blood pressures at baseline or during successive feeding of low- or high-salt diets...
April 6, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399134/an-improved-method-to-quantitate-mature-plant-microrna-in-biological-matrices-using-modified-periodate-treatment-and-inclusion-of-internal-controls
#9
Haiqiu Huang, Jamin Roh, Cindy D Davis, Thomas T Y Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) ubiquitously exist in microorganisms, plants, and animals, and appear to modulate a wide range of critical biological processes. However, no definitive conclusion has been reached regarding the uptake of exogenous dietary small RNAs into mammalian circulation and organs and cross-kingdom regulation. One of the critical issues is our ability to assess and distinguish the origin of miRNAs. Although periodate oxidation has been used to differentiate mammalian and plant miRNAs, validation of treatment efficiency and the inclusion of proper controls for this method were lacking in previous studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394404/comparing-immediate-type-food-allergy-in-humans-and-companion-animals-revealing-unmet-needs
#10
I Pali-Schöll, M De Lucia, H Jackson, J Janda, R S Mueller, E Jensen-Jarolim
Adverse food reactions occur in human as well as veterinary patients and systematic comparison may lead to improved recommendations for prevention and treatment in both. In this position paper, we summarize the current knowledge on immediate type food allergy versus other food-adverse reactions in companion animals, and compare this to the human situation. While the prevalence of food allergy in humans has been well studied for some allergens, this remains to be investigated for animal patients, where owner-reported as well as veterinarian-diagnosed food adverse reactions are on the increase...
April 10, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390715/effects-of-feeding-extruded-linseed-on-production-performance-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-in-dairy-cows-a-meta-analysis
#11
T Meignan, C Lechartier, G Chesneau, N Bareille
The objectives of this study were to quantify the effects on production performance and milk fatty acid (FA) profile of feeding dairy cows extruded linseed (EL), a feed rich in α-linolenic acid, and to assess the variability of the responses related to the dose of EL and the basal diet composition. This meta-analysis was carried out using only data from trials including a control diet without fat supplementation. The dependent variables were defined by the mean differences between values from EL-supplemented groups and values from control groups...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390394/hypovitaminosis-d-is-associated-with-negative-outcome-in-dogs-with-protein-losing-enteropathy-a-retrospective-study-of-43-cases
#12
K Allenspach, J Rizzo, A E Jergens, Y M Chang
BACKGROUND: Hypovitaminosis D has previously been shown to be prevalent amongst dogs with protein losing enteropathy (PLE). The hypothesis of this study was that Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) D) serum concentrations could be a risk factor for negative outcome in dogs with PLE. Forty-three dogs diagnosed with PLE (2005-2014) and which serum Vitamin D serum concentrations were collected and archived at -80 Degrees C were analyzed. Post-diagnostic communication with referring veterinarians was made to determine outcome of PLE dogss: Dogs which died due to PLE within 4 months after diagnosis (negative outcome group, n = 22) and dogs alive or which died due to another disease at the end point of the study (1 year after diagnosis, good outcome group, n = 21)...
April 8, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377401/cyp8b1-ablation-prevents-western-diet-induced-weight-gain-and-hepatic-steatosis-due-to-impaired-fat-absorption
#13
Enrico Bertaggia, Kristian K Jensen, Jose Castro-Perez, Yimeng Xu, Gilbert Di Paolo, Robin B Chan, Liangsu Wang, Rebecca A Haeusler
Bile acids (BAs) are cholesterol derivatives that regulate lipid metabolism, through their dual abilities to promote lipid absorption and activate BA receptors. However, different BA species have varying abilities to perform these functions. Eliminating 12α-hydroxy BAs in mice via Cyp8b1 knockout causes low body weight and improved glucose tolerance. The goal of this study was to determine mechanisms of low body weight in Cyp8b1(-/-) mice. We challenged Cyp8b1(-/-) mice with western type diet and assessed body weight and composition...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372163/abuse-of-anabolic-agents-in-beef-cattle-could-bile-be-a-possible-alternative-matrix
#14
Francesca Lega, Roberto Angeletti, Roberto Stella, Lorenzo Rigoni, Giancarlo Biancotto, Danilo Giusepponi, Simone Moretti, Giorgio Saluti, Roberta Galarini
European Union prohibited the use of anabolic agents in food producing animals since 1988. An efficient control of abuses is guaranteed not only by highly performing analytical methods, but also by knowledge of metabolic pathways, kinetics of elimination and tissue distribution. To obtain data concerning metabolites production and accumulation in bile, two typical growth promoting treatments are carried out in cattle. In the first study, sixteen beef cattle were implanted with trenbolone acetate and estradiol...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369383/no-role-for-patient-body-weight-on-renal-function-assessment-for-drug-dosing
#15
Robert E Ariano, Sheryl A Zelenitsky, Kristen R Poncsak, J Christine Davis, Lavern M Vercaigne
Objectives: To evaluate the ability of body-weight-driven renal function assessment (RFA) formulae to predict on-target elimination rate ranges for gentamicin in patients with varying degrees of renal function. Methods: A 6 year retrospective pharmacokinetic study was conducted at a university teaching hospital. Results: A total of 85 patients met the inclusion criteria and 127 pharmacokinetic files were analysed from patients on medical-surgical wards (53%) and medical-surgical ICUs (13%) receiving intravenous gentamicin for treatment, as well as those for patients receiving it for surgical prophylaxis (34%)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364696/differential-effects-of-liver-steatosis-on-pharmacokinetic-profile-of-two-closely-related-hepatoselective-no-donors-v-pyrro-no-and-v-proli-no
#16
Kamil Kus, Edyta Kus, Agnieszka Zakrzewska, Wojciech Jawien, Barbara Sitek, Maria Walczak, Stefan Chlopicki
PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of liver steatosis and obesity on pharmacokinetic profile of two structurally-related liver-selective NO-donors - V-PYRRO/NO and V-PROLI/NO. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were fed control or high-fat diet for 15 weeks to induced liver steatosis and obesity (HFD mice). Pharmacokinetics and renal elimination studies were conducted in vivo following iv dosing of V-PYRRO/NO and V-PROLI/NO (0.03mmol/kg). Hepatic clearance was evaluated ex vivo in the isolated perfused mice liver and in vitro with the use of liver microsomes...
February 2, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359060/growth-of-children-with-food-allergy%C3%A2
#17
Ivan Pavić, Sanja Kolaček
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of food allergy in children is increasing worldwide. Strict avoidance of identified allergens from the diet is still the cornerstone of the management of food allergies. There are widespread concerns that food allergy and elimination diet may predispose children to nutrient deficiencies and growth failure. AIM: The aim of this paper was to review the current evidence on growth of children suffering from food allergy. Summarised is literature on the effects of the number and type of offending allergens, the child's age and affected organ system, as well as the importance of supervision by a dietician/nutritionist...
March 30, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350555/apheresis-in-food-allergies
#18
Lamia Dahdah, Giovanna Leone, Mariacristina Artesani, Carla Riccardi, Oscar Mazzina
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of IgE-mediated food allergy and anaphylaxis has risen rapidly in developed countries, and countries with rapid industrialization may follow. Therapies include elimination diets, Oral ImmunoTherapy, and the administration of biologics, but high serum IgE levels may preclude their use. Consequently, decreasing IgE becomes a rational approach and could be obtained by immunoapheresis. The aim of this review is to evaluate the rationale and advantages of immunoapheresis...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345135/eliminating-cows-milk-but-not-wheat-barley-or-rye-increases-the-risk-of-growth-deceleration-and-nutritional-inadequacies
#19
Jetta Tuokkola, Päivi Luukkainen, Jaakko Nevalainen, Suvi Ahonen, Jorma Toppari, Jorma Ilonen, Riitta Veijola, Mikael Knip, Suvi M Virtanen, Minna Kaila
AIM: Our study examined the growth and nutritional intake of children on milk and, or, wheat, barley or rye elimination diets. METHODS: This was a nested case-control study within the Finnish Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention Study. It investigated 295 children born in the Tampere University Hospital area between 1997-2004 on a diet without cows' milk and, or, wheat, barley or rye due to food allergies and 265 matched controls. Nutritional intake was recorded with three-day food records at the ages of one, two and three years...
March 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337229/allergic-enteritis-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Mieczysława Czerwionka-Szaflarska, Ewa Łoś-Rycharska, Julia Gawryjołek
The gastrointestinal form of food allergy is very common in children. The most frequently observed types are allergic proctitis and proctocolitis. In most cases the symptoms subside within the first 2 months of life. The babies seem healthy, and the only abnormality is a small amount of blood in stool. Symptoms can also include small intestine inflammation and colitis. Patients may present with irritability, abdominal pain, flatulence, colic, postprandial vomiting, chronic diarrhoea, and hindered physical development...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
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