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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918314/empirical-research-evaluating-the-effects-of-non-traditional-approaches-to-enhancing-sleep-in-typical-and-clinical-children-and%C3%A2-young-people
#1
REVIEW
Karyn G France, Laurie K McLay, Jolene E Hunter, Madeline L S France
This paper examines the effects of non-traditional (non-behavioural and non-prescription pharmaceutical) approaches to sleep in children and young people (0-18 y). A systematic search identified 79 studies that met inclusion criteria. Seventeen percent of the studies were rated as having a conclusive level of evidence, forty-two percent with preponderant evidence and forty-one percent with only suggestive evidence. There were promising indications, with certain populations only, for aromatherapy, ketogenic diets, an elimination diet (few foods diet), elimination of cow's milk, avoidance of caffeine, tryptophan with adenosine and uridine, omega-3 and omega-6, valerian, music, osteopathic manipulation and white noise...
July 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905722/calculation-of-glucose-dose-for-intraperitoneal-glucose-tolerance-tests-in-lean-and-obese-mice
#2
Mikkel S Jørgensen, Kristina S Tornqvist, Henning Hvid
Glucose tolerance tests are used frequently in nonclinical research with laboratory animals, for example during characterization of obese phenotypes. Despite published standard operating procedures for glucose tolerance tests in rodents, how glucose doses should be calculated when obese and lean animals are compared is not well documented. Typically the glucose dose is calculated as 2 g/kg body weight, regardless of body composition. With this approach, obese mice receive larger glucose doses than do lean animals, potentially leading to overestimation of glucose intolerance in obese animals...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904866/imm-h007-a-new-therapeutic-candidate-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-improves-hepatic-steatosis-in-hamsters-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#3
Huijie Shi, Qingchun Wang, Liu Yang, Shouxia Xie, Haibo Zhu
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common chronic liver disease in humans, is characterized by the accumulation of triacylglycerols (TGs) in hepatocytes. We tested whether 2',3',5'-tri-acetyl-N6-(3-hydroxylaniline) adenosine (IMM-H007) can eliminate hepatic steatosis in hamsters fed a high-fat diet (HFD), as a model of NAFLD. Compared with HFD-only controls, IMM-H007 treatment significantly lowered serum levels of TG, total cholesterol, and free fatty acids (FFAs) in hamsters fed the HFD, with a prominent decrease in levels of serum transaminases and fasting insulin, without affecting fasting glucose levels...
September 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904280/food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-due-to-ingestion-of-mikan-citrus-unshiu
#4
Yutaka Tanaka, Marie Sugihara, Shuntaro Tsumagari, Nobue Takamatsu, Kazuyuki Kurihara
A 12-year-old girl was referred to our hospital owing to repeated anaphylactic reactions induced by exercise after meals. Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIAn) was suspected. However, sequential tests of typical foods, including egg, milk, soy, and wheat, in combination with exercise, were all negative.The results of the skin prick test (SPT) for Citrus unshiu and specific IgE test for orange and grapefruit were positive. Although no symptoms were noted after an exercise challenge combined with the ingestion of only Citrus unshiu, an anaphylactic reaction was induced by additional acetyl-salicylic acid...
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903794/effect-of-dietary-nutrients-on-ileal-endogenous-losses-of-threonine-cysteine-methionine-lysine-leucine-and-protein-in-broiler-chicks
#5
S Cerrate, S K Vignale, R Ekmay, J England, C Coon
An isotope dose technique was utilized (i) to determine endogenous amino acid (AA) and protein losses and (ii) to propose adjusted values for AA requirements. The endogenous flow rate was calculated from the pool of enrichment in plasma AA, assuming similitude to enrichment of endogenous AA. In experiment 1, chicks were orally administered D4-lysine at 2% of estimated lysine intake from 16 to 24 days to find the isotopic steady state of the atom percent excess (APE) of lysine for plasma and jejunal and ileal digesta...
September 14, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895388/probiotic-strains-as-the-element-of-nutritional-profile-in-physical-activity-%C3%A2-new-trend-or-better-sports-results
#6
Joanna Smarkusz, Lucyna Ostrowska, Katarzyna Witczak-Sawczuk
A diet, individually customized to the needs of sportsmen and sportswomen prepares them better for competition and achievement of better sports results. However, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and frequently recurrent upper respiratory tract infections pose a common problem observed among athletes of disciplines such as triathlon, cycling and marathon. Diarrhea, splashing in the intestines or gastrointestinal bleeding make it difficult to start and win in the race. Recently researchers have paid special attention to the therapeutic effect of probiotic strains on the human body...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895370/eosinophilic-esophagitis-current-evidence-based-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-children-and-adults
#7
Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a disease caused by an immune response to food antigens in contact with the esophageal mucosa that has arisen as a common disorder in current clinical practice. Its diagnosis is defined by the combination of symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and inflammation of the esophageal mucosa predominantly by eosinophils. Its chronic course and frequent progression to subepithelial fibrosis leading to strictures and narrow-caliber esophagus indicate the need for treatment. Information provided by recent clinical trials and systematic reviews allowed for the development of new clinical guidelines, endorsed by several European scientific societies...
September 11, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892150/hepatic-inflammation-caused-by-dysregulated-bile-acid-synthesis-is-reversible-by-butyrate-supplementation
#8
Lili Sheng, Prasant Kumar Jena, Ying Hu, Hui-Xin Liu, Nidhi Nagar, Karen M Kalanetra, Samuel William French, Samuel Wheeler French, David A Mills, Yu-Jui Yvonne Wan
Dysregulated bile acid (BA) synthesis or reduced farnesoid x receptor (FXR) levels are found in patients having metabolic diseases, autoimmune hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis or cancer. The objective of this study was to establish the relationship between butyrate and dysregulated BA synthesis-induced hepatitis as well as the effect of butyrate in reversing the liver pathology. Wild type (WT) and FXR knockout (KO) male mice were placed on control (CD) or Western diet (WD) for 15 months. In the presence or absence of butyrate supplementation, feces obtained from 15-month-old WD-fed FXR KO mice, which had severe hepatitis and liver tumors, were transplanted to 7-month-old WD-fed FXR KO for 3 months...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889029/veterinary-antibiotics-in-food-drinking-water-and-the-urine-of-preschool-children-in-hong-kong
#9
Na Li, Keith W K Ho, Guang-Guo Ying, Wen-Jing Deng
Due to the harmful effects of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) residues in food on children's health, urine samples from 31 preschool and primary school children were analyzed for 13 common VAs. Samples of raw and cooked pork, chicken, fish, milk and drinking water from the children's living areas were also analyzed for residual VAs. Urinalysis revealed one to four target antibiotics in 77.4% of the sample group, with concentrations as high as 0.36ng/mL. Norfloxacin and penicillin had the highest detection rates (48...
September 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884902/the-role-of-elimination-diets-in-atopic-dermatitis-a-comprehensive-review
#10
REVIEW
Neil R Lim, Mary E Lohman, Peter A Lio
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Diet is a common concern for individuals with atopic dermatitis (AD) and their families. Studies regarding the effect of dietary interventions on AD exist, but many are limited by small size and poor design. Conflicting results present a challenge to clinicians seeking to counsel patients. The aim of the current review is to examine the published literature and generate helpful conclusions for clinicians faced with dietary questions in AD. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed focusing on dietary interventions for AD in children and adults through July 2016...
September 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877359/food-elimination-diets-are-effective-for-long-term-treatment-of-adults-with-eosinophilic-oesophagitis
#11
C C Reed, C Fan, N T Koutlas, N J Shaheen, E S Dellon
BACKGROUND: Limited data describe the long-term efficacy of dietary elimination in eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE). AIM: To assess the long-term outcomes of food elimination diets for treatment of adults with EoE. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at our centre analysing all EoE patients receiving a food elimination diet without concomitant steroids. Baseline data were abstracted using standardised collection forms. Follow-up data from a mean 24...
September 6, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874358/soluble-interleukin-13r%C3%AE-1-a-circulating-regulator-of-glucose
#12
Inbal Rachmin, Caitlin C O'Meara, Elisabeth M Ricci-Blair, Yilin Feng, Emily M Christensen, Jeanne F Duffy, Kirsi M Zitting, Charles A Czeisler, James R Pancoast, Christopher P Cannon, Michelle L O'Donoghue, David A Morrow, Richard T Lee
Soluble IL-13 receptor alpha 1, or sIL13rα1, is a soluble protein that binds to Interleukin 13 (IL-13) and that has been previously described in mice. The function of sIL13rα1 remains unclear, but it has been hypothesized to act as a decoy receptor for IL-13. Recent studies have identified a role for IL-13 in glucose metabolism, suggesting that a decoy receptor for IL-13 might increase circulating glucose levels. Here we report that delivery of sIL13rα1 to mice by either gene transfer or recombinant protein decreases blood glucose levels...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870530/abnormal-responses-to-local-esophageal-food-allergen-injections-in-adult-patients-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#13
Marijn J Warners, Ingrid Terreehorst, René M van den Wijngaard, Jaap Akkerdaas, Betty C A M van Esch, Ronald van Ree, Serge A Versteeg, Andreas J P M Smout, Albert J Bredenoord
Skin tests and measurement of serum levels of immunoglobulin E do not accurately identify foods for elimination from the diets of patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). We investigated whether an esophageal prick test (EPT), in which the esophageal mucosa is challenged by local injection of allergen extracts, could identify individuals with esophageal sensitization. During endoscopy 6 allergens were injected in the esophagus of 8 patients with EoE and 3 patients without EoE (controls). A second endoscopy was performed after 24 hrs to evaluate delayed responses...
September 1, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865084/eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-children-under-the-age-of-5-years-clinical-characteristics
#14
Ravi W Sun, Juliana Bonilla-Velez, Robert D Pesek, Adam B Johnson, Mario A Cleves, Gresham T Richter
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To delineate clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in the youngest of children. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A 7-year retrospective chart review of children with clinicopathologic diagnosis of EoE was performed with specific analysis of patients under 5 years old. EoE was defined as the presence of symptoms of esophageal dysfunction with pathologically proven eosinophilic inflammation (≥15 eosinophils per high-power field [EOS/HPF]) unresponsive to reflux therapy...
September 2, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861640/bone-mineral-density-in-boys-diagnosed-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-case-control-study
#15
Kelly Barnhill, Lucas Ramirez, Alan Gutierrez, Wendy Richardson, C Nathan Marti, Amy Potts, Rebeca Shearer, Claire Schutte, Laura Hewitson
This study compared bone mineral density (BMD) of the spine obtained by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), nutritional status, biochemical markers, and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in 4-8 year old boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with a group of age-matched, healthy boys without ASD. Boys with ASD had significantly lower spine BMD compared to controls but this was not correlated with any biochemical markers, dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D, elimination diet status, or GI symptomology...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861216/simultaneous-estimation-of-diet-composition-and-calibration-coefficients-with-fatty-acid-signature-data
#16
Jeffrey F Bromaghin, Suzanne M Budge, Gregory W Thiemann, Karyn D Rode
Knowledge of animal diets provides essential insights into their life history and ecology, although diet estimation is challenging and remains an active area of research. Quantitative fatty acid signature analysis (QFASA) has become a popular method of estimating diet composition, especially for marine species. A primary assumption of QFASA is that constants called calibration coefficients, which account for the differential metabolism of individual fatty acids, are known. In practice, however, calibration coefficients are not known, but rather have been estimated in feeding trials with captive animals of a limited number of model species...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858071/efficacy-of-the-autoimmune-protocol-diet-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Gauree G Konijeti, NaMee Kim, James D Lewis, Shauna Groven, Anita Chandrasekaran, Sirisha Grandhe, Caroline Diamant, Emily Singh, Glenn Oliveira, Xiaoyun Wang, Bhuvan Molparia, Ali Torkamani
INTRODUCTION: Data suggest dietary modification can improve clinical responses in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The goal of this study was to determine the efficacy of an autoimmune protocol diet in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. METHODS: We enrolled adults with active IBD (Harvey-Bradshaw index ≥ 5 or partial Mayo score ≥3 and erosions on endoscopy and/or elevated fecal calprotectin). For the autoimmune protocol, patients underwent 6-week elimination followed by 5-week maintenance phase...
August 29, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854915/critically-appraised-topic-on-adverse-food-reactions-of-companion-animals-4-can-we-diagnose-adverse-food-reactions-in-dogs-and-cats-with-in-vivo-or-in-vitro-tests
#18
Ralf S Mueller, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: The gold standard to diagnose adverse food reactions (AFRs) in the dog and cat is currently an elimination diet with subsequent provocation trials. However, those trials are inconvenient and client compliance can be low. Our objective was to systematically review the literature to evaluate in vivo and in vitro tests used to diagnose AFR in small animals. RESULTS: We searched three databases (CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE and Web of Science) for pertinent references on September 16, 2016...
August 30, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854891/cancer-related-risk-factors-and-incidence-of-major-cancers-by-race-gender-and-region-analysis-of-the-nih-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#19
Tomi Akinyemiju, Howard Wiener, Maria Pisu
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in the incidence of major cancers may be attributed to differences in the prevalence of established, modifiable risk factors such as obesity, smoking, physical activity and diet. METHODS: Data from a prospective cohort of 566,398 adults aged 50-71 years, 19,677 African-American and 450,623 Whites, was analyzed. Baseline data on cancer-related risk factors such as smoking, alcohol, physical activity and dietary patterns were used to create an individual adherence score...
August 30, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854656/attempt-to-develop-cost-effective-rearing-of-amblyseius-swirskii-acari-phytoseiidae-assessment-of-different-artificial-diets
#20
Elham Riahi, Yaghoub Fathipour, Ali Asghar Talebi, Mohammad Mehrabadi
Commercial production of Amblyseius swirskii Athias-Henriot based on storage mites needs both space and labor to maintain large cultures of these prey, and also may lead to health problems for workers. Therefore, the accessibility of a suitable artificial diet could eliminate the mentioned problems; however, the artificial diets must support the persistent production of high quality progeny. This study endeavored to find a more easily available and cheaper nutrient that may further reduce the cost of diet production for A...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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