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Elimination diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773698/protocol-for-the-validation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-cow-s-milk-related-symptom-score-comiss-against-open-food-challenge-in-a-single-blinded-prospective-multicentre-trial-in-infants
#1
Yvan Vandenplas, Rajat Mukherjee, Christophe Dupont, Philippe Eigenmann, Arne Høst, Mikael Kuitunen, Carmen Ribes-Koninkx, Neil Shah, Hania Szajewska, Andrea von Berg, Ralf G Heine, Zheng-Yan Zhao
INTRODUCTION: The symptoms of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infancy can be non-specific which may delay a correct diagnosis and cause adverse clinical outcomes. The diagnosis of non-IgE-mediated CMPA is particularly complex as it involves a 2 to 4 week elimination diet followed by oral food challenge (OFC). The Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score (CoMiSS) is a clinical resource for primary healthcare providers which aims to increase awareness of CMPA symptoms to facilitate an earlier diagnosis...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773687/the-role-of-intercalated-cell-nedd4-2-in-bp-regulation-ion-transport-and-transporter-expression
#2
Masayoshi Nanami, Truyen D Pham, Young Hee Kim, Baoli Yang, Roy L Sutliff, Olivier Staub, Janet D Klein, Karen I Lopez-Cayuqueo, Regine Chambrey, Annie Y Park, Xiaonan Wang, Vladimir Pech, Jill W Verlander, Susan M Wall
Background Nedd4-2 is an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that associates with transport proteins, causing their ubiquitylation, and then internalization and degradation. Previous research has suggested a correlation between Nedd4-2 and BP. In this study, we explored the effect of intercalated cell (IC) Nedd4-2 gene ablation on IC transporter abundance and function and on BP. Methods We generated IC Nedd4-2 knockout mice using Cre-lox technology and produced global pendrin/ Nedd4-2 null mice by breeding global Nedd4-2 null ( Nedd4-2-/- ) mice with global pendrin null ( Slc26a4-/- ) mice...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764234/the-role-of-diet-in-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-focus-on-fodmaps
#3
Russell Dolan, William D Chey, Shanti Eswaran
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common condition that negatively impacts quality of life and results in significant health care expenditures. The vast majority of IBS patients associate their symptoms with eating. Numerous randomized, controlled trials suggest that restriction of dietary FODMAPs improves overall symptoms, abdominal pain, bloating and quality of life in more than half of IBS sufferers. There is emerging data which suggests that other diets (gluten free, guided elimination diets) might also be of benefit to IBS patients...
May 15, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756968/the-bfmnu-method-as-an-alternative-to-the-methods-in-use-based-on-energy-study-of-the-correlation-between-food-energy-and-body-mass
#4
Greta Rondini, Beatrice Olearo, José Miguel Soriano Del Castillo, Pietro Marco Boselli
INTRODUCTION: to establish slimming guidelines and any other changing treatments is useful to know the individual's energy expenditure due to the fact that, nowadays, the incidence of many diseases related to the loss of lean mass and the accumulation of adipose tissue has increased. The dietary treatments are carried out on calculating the energy contained in food, and then put in relation to the total energy expended by the body in order to produce changes in body mass. OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the food energy and body mass of different subjects in various pathophysiological conditions...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755021/a-single-center-experience-of-post-transplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-ptld-cases-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-incidence-outcomes-and-association-with-food-allergy
#5
Zeren Barış, Figen Özçay, Özlem Yılmaz Özbek, Nihan Haberal, Faik Sarıalioğlu, Mehmet Haberal
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We evaluated our 16-year single-center experience of pediatric post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) cases who underwent liver transplantation between 2001 and 2017. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 236 pediatric patients who underwent liver transplantation between 2001 and 2017, the clinical and laboratory data of eight patients diagnosed with PTLD were reviewed. The pre-transplant Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status of 172 patients was also recorded...
May 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753831/medical-and-dietary-management-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#6
REVIEW
Quan M Nhu, Seema S Aceves
OBJECTIVE: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a disease of chronic, allergen-driven, T-helper 2 (Th2) immune-mediated inflammation that progresses to fibrostenosis of the esophagus if left untreated. There are currently no FDA-approved drugs for the treatment of EoE. This review focuses on medical and dietary management of EoE. DATA SOURCES: Manuscripts on EoE treatments are identified on PubMed. STUDY SELECTIONS: Original research, randomized control trials, retrospective studies, meta-analyses, case series, and on occasions, case reports of high relevance, are selected and reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747160/targeting-liver-cancer-and-associated-pathologies-in-mice-with-a-mitochondrial-vdac1-based-peptide
#7
Srinivas Pittala, Yakov Krelin, Varda Shoshan-Barmatz
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most lethal cancer worldwide. Despite progress in identifying risk factors, the incidence of HCC is increasing. Moreover, therapeutic options are limited and survival is poor. Therefore, alternative and innovative therapeutic strategies are urgently required. R-Tf-D-LP4, a cell-penetrating peptide derived from the mitochondrial multifunctional protein the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC1), is identified here as a highly effective liver cancer treatment. Recently, we demonstrated that R-Tf-D-LP4 induced apoptosis and inhibited tumor growth in mouse models...
May 7, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740891/effects-of-gut-microbiota-and-time-of-treatment-on-tissue-levels-of-green-tea-polyphenols-in-mice
#8
Anna B Liu, Siyao Tao, Mao-Jung Lee, Qi Hu, Xiaofeng Meng, Yong Lin, Chung S Yang
The previous studies have shown that tea polyphenols are metabolized by gut microbiota. This study investigated the effect of gut microbiota on the bioavailability, tissue levels, and degradation of tea polyphenols. Mice were treated with antibiotics (ampicillin/sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim) in drinking water and the control mice received water for 11 days, and they were given an AIN93M diet enriched with 0.32% of Polyphenon E. The levels of catechins and their metabolites (if present) in the serum, liver, urine, and fecal samples were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography...
May 8, 2018: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737799/identifying-errors-in-meals-provided-to-and-sourced-by-patients-on-therapeutic-diets-in-hospital
#9
Megan Rattray, Ben Desbrow, Shelley Roberts
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients requiring therapeutic diets in hospital are at risk of exposer to dietary errors that may pose an acute threat to their safety. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of meal-related errors among hospitalised patients prescribed therapeutic diets, following the implementation of an electronic foodservice system (EFS). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This observational study involved six wards in a tertiary metropolitan hospital that used an EFS for meal ordering and plating...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734181/which-fruits-and-vegetables-should-be-excluded-from-a-low-salicylate-diet-an-analysis-of-salicylic-acid-in-foodstuffs-in-taiwan
#10
Hui-Ling Chiang, Carina Venter, Pai-Chi Syue, Kuo-Lung Ku, Cheng-Han Wu
BACKGROUND: Eliminating pseudoallergens is an important element of managing chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Salicylic acid (SA) is a primary pseudoallergen in plant-based foodstuffs. Current dietary recommendations are not applicable in East Asia because data on the SA content of many vegetables and fruits commonly consumed in this region are lacking. METHODS: We therefore determined the concentration of free SA in 79 popular vegetables and fruits frequently consumed in Taiwan using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
May 7, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733398/pre-pregnancy-fast-food-and-fruit-intake-is-associated-with-time-to-pregnancy
#11
Jessica A Grieger, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Tina Bianco-Miotto, Tanja Jankovic-Karasoulos, Lisa J Moran, Rebecca L Wilson, Shalem Y Leemaqz, Lucilla Poston, Lesley McCowan, Louise C Kenny, Jenny Myers, James J Walker, Robert J Norman, Gus A Dekker, Claire T Roberts
STUDY QUESTION: Is preconception dietary intake associated with reduced fecundity as measured by a longer time to pregnancy (TTP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lower intake of fruit and higher intake of fast food in the preconception period were both associated with a longer TTP. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several lifestyle factors, such as smoking and obesity, have consistently been associated with a longer TTP or infertility, but the role of preconception diet in women remains poorly studied...
May 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732296/histologic-improvement-after-6-weeks-of-dietary-elimination-for-eosinophilic-esophagitis-may-be-insufficient-to-determine-efficacy
#12
Hamish Philpott, Evan Dellon
Background: Elimination diets are used to treat eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), with success (remission) defined at endoscopy and oesophageal biopsy as fewer than 15 eosinophils per high power field (HPF). Response is assessed after 6 weeks of treatment by convention, but we have observed that this period of time may be insufficient. Objective: To characterise a subset of patients with EoE who require prolonged (>6 weeks) of dietary therapy to achieve histologic remission...
April 2018: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730438/model-to-determine-the-optimal-dietary-elimination-strategy-for-treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#13
Tiannan Zhan, Ayman Ali, Jin G Choi, Minyi Lee, John Leung, Evan S Dellon, John J Garber, Chin Hur
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Elimination diets are effective treatments for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), but foods that activate esophagitis are identified empirically, via a process that involves multiple esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGDs). No optimized approach has been developed to identify foods that activate EoE. We aimed to compare clinical strategies to provide data to guide treatment. METHODS: We developed a computer-based simulation model to determine the optimal empiric elimination strategy based on reported prevalence values for foods that activate EoE...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729504/new-food-approaches-to-reduce-and-or-eliminate-increased-gastric-acidity-related-to-gastroesophageal-pathologies
#14
Ciro Langella, Daniele Naviglio, Marina Marino, Armando Calogero, Monica Gallo
OBJECTIVE: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is very common in industrialized countries and rapidly and significantly increasing even in developing countries. The approach in this study is one not commonly found to date in the scientific literature. To assess the ability of reduced-carbohydrate diets and foods that are enriched with acid potential of hydrogen (pH; lemon and tomato) to quickly and exponentially reduce symptoms that are related to conditions such as gastritis and gastroesophageal reflux and unrelated to Helicobacter pylori...
March 22, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722132/a-comparison-of-food-habits-and-prey-preferences-of-amur-tiger-panthera-tigris-altaica-temminck-1844-at-the-southwest-primorskii-krai-in-russia-and-hunchun-in-china
#15
Jiayin Gu, Lan Yu, Yan Hua, Yao Ning, Bao Heng, Jinzhe Qi, Zexv Long, Mingyuan Yao, Chong Huang, Zhilin Li, Jianming Lang, Guangshun Jiang, Jianzhang Ma
A small, isolated Amur tiger population is living at the southwest Primorskii Krai in Russia and Hunchun in China region. Many of them with "dual nationality" cross the border frequently. Formulating effective conservation strategies requires a clear understanding of tiger food requirements in both Russia and China sides, while Russia side already have clear results of it. We used scat analysis combined with data on the abundance of four prey species to estimate Amur tiger diet and prey preferences in Hunchun...
May 3, 2018: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721287/the-effect-of-gut-microbiota-elimination-in-drosophila-melanogaster-a-how-to-guide-for-host-microbiota-studies
#16
Chloe Heys, Anne Lizé, Frances Blow, Lewis White, Alistair Darby, Zenobia J Lewis
In recent years, there has been a surge in interest in the effects of the microbiota on the host. Increasingly, we are coming to understand the importance of the gut microbiota in modulating host physiology, ecology, behavior, and evolution. One method utilized to evaluate the effect of the microbiota is to suppress or eliminate it, and compare the effect on the host with that of untreated individuals. In this study, we evaluate some of these commonly used methods in the model organism, Drosophila melanogaster ...
April 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720174/early-life-diet-conditions-the-molecular-response-to-post-weaning-protein-restriction-in-the-mouse
#17
Amy F Danson, Sarah J Marzi, Robert Lowe, Michelle L Holland, Vardhman K Rakyan
BACKGROUND: Environmental influences fluctuate throughout the life course of an organism. It is therefore important to understand how the timing of exposure impacts molecular responses. Herein, we examine the responses of two key molecular markers of dietary stress, namely variant-specific methylation at ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and small RNA distribution, including tRNA fragments, in a mouse model of protein restriction (PR) with exposure at pre- and/or post-weaning. RESULTS: We first confirm that pre-weaning PR exposure modulates the methylation state of rDNA in a genotype-dependent manner, whereas post-weaning PR exposure has no such effect...
May 2, 2018: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710769/the-food-specific-serum-igg-reactivity-in-major-depressive-disorder-patients-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-and-healthy-controls
#18
Hanna Karakula-Juchnowicz, Mirosława Gałęcka, Joanna Rog, Anna Bartnicka, Zuzanna Łukaszewicz, Pawel Krukow, Justyna Morylowska-Topolska, Karolina Skonieczna-Zydecka, Tomasz Krajka, Kamil Jonak, Dariusz Juchnowicz
There is an increasing amount of evidence which links the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with food IgG hyperreactivity. Some authors have suggested that food IgG hyperreactivity could be also involved in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of this study was to compare levels of serum IgG against 39 selected food antigens between three groups of participants: patients with MDD (MDD group), patients with IBS (IBS group) and healthy controls (HC group). The study included 65 participants (22 in the MDD group, 22 in the IBS group and 21 in the HC group)...
April 28, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704914/celiac-disease-and-non-celiac-gluten-or-wheat-sensitivity-and-health-in-later-life-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Eirini Bathrellou, Meropi D Kontogianni, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Celiac disease (CD) and non-gluten (or wheat) sensitivity (NCGS) are two gluten-related disorders, the treatment of which relies on dietary withdrawal of gluten (absolute and lifelong in the case of CD patients). However, these conditions differ in their pathophysiology and impact on health. CD is an autoimmune disorder of the intestine, and is associated with a wide range of disorders, pre- and post-diagnosis. Its autoimmune and inflammatory nature raises concerns about its potential effects on mortality and morbidity...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700117/sterol-carrier-protein-2-deficiency-attenuates-diet-induced-dyslipidemia-and-atherosclerosis-in-mice
#20
Honglaing He, Jing Wang, Paul J Yannie, Genta Kakiyama, William J Korzun, Shobha Ghosh
Intracellular cholesterol transport proteins move cholesterol to different sub-cellular compartments and thereby regulate its final metabolic fate. In hepatocytes, for example, delivery of high density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated cholesterol for bile acid synthesis or secretion into bile facilitates cholesterol elimination from the body (anti-atherogenic effect), whereas delivery for esterification and subsequent incorporation into apolipoprotein B-containing atherogenic lipoproteins (e.g., very low density lipoprotein [VLDL]) enhances cholesterol secretion into the systemic circulation (pro-atherogenic effect)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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