Read by QxMD icon Read

Elimination diet

Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Elaine Fernandes Viellas, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Maria Helena Bastos, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Arthur Orlando Correa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: The participation of nurses and midwives in vaginal birth care is limited in Brazil, and there are no national data regarding their involvement. The goal was to describe the participation of nurses and nurse-midwives in childbirth care in Brazil in the years 2011 and 2012, and to analyze the association between hospitals with nurses and nurse-midwives in labor and birth care and the use of good practices, and their influence in the reduction of unnecessary interventions, including cesarean sections...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
Frank Zerbib
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a major cause of dysphagia and esophageal food impaction in young adults, although the diagnostic can be made in older patients. The diagnosis of eosinophilic esophagitis is suspected on endoscopic abnormalities of esophageal mucosa and confirmed by esophageal biopsy samples. Approximately 50% of patients with eosinophilic esophagitis do respond to proton pump inhibitors therapy. The first line therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis is proton pump inhibitor therapy. Ingested topical steroids represent a second-line therapy...
October 10, 2016: La Presse Médicale
Anna K Le Fevre, Marjorie M Walker, Amir Hadjiashrafy, Rani Bhatia, Joerg Mattes, Nicholas J Talley, Scott Nightingale
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the clinical and histopathological characteristics of children with EoE and elevated anti-transglutaminase (TTG Ab) with those with EoE and normal TTG Ab titres. METHODS: Single center chart and blinded histopathological review of patients diagnosed with EoE over a four-year period, who had esophageal and duodenal biopsies taken at time of endoscopy, and TTG Ab measured within 6 months of biopsy. Patients with histology-proven CD were excluded...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Gordon I Smith, Jun Yoshino, Shannon C Kelly, Dominic N Reeds, Adewole Okunade, Bruce W Patterson, Samuel Klein, Bettina Mittendorfer
High-protein (HP) intake during weight loss (WL) therapy is often recommended because it reduces the loss of lean tissue mass. However, HP intake could have adverse effects on metabolic function, because protein ingestion reduces postprandial insulin sensitivity. In this study, we compared the effects of ∼10% WL with a hypocaloric diet containing 0.8 g protein/kg/day and a hypocaloric diet containing 1.2 g protein/kg/day on muscle insulin action in postmenopausal women with obesity. We found that HP intake reduced the WL-induced decline in lean tissue mass by ∼45%...
October 11, 2016: Cell Reports
Emily C McGowan, Thomas A Platts-Mills
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a clinicopathologic condition characterized by symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and eosinophil-predominant inflammation. In adults, the three most common treatment options are swallowed steroids, elimination diets, and periodic esophageal dilations. Many different elimination diets have been studied in adults, including elemental diets, allergy testing-directed diets, and empiric elimination diets. This article will review the existing data on these dietary therapies and will propose an approach to dietary management in adult EoE...
November 2016: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Zoya Zaeem, Lily Zhou, Esma Dilli
Dietary triggers are commonly reported by patients with a variety of headaches, particularly those with migraines. The presence of any specific dietary trigger in migraine patients varies from 10 to 64 % depending on study population and methodology. Some foods trigger headache within an hour while others develop within 12 h post ingestion. Alcohol (especially red wine and beer), chocolate, caffeine, dairy products such as aged cheese, food preservatives with nitrates and nitrites, monosodium glutamate (MSG), and artificial sweeteners such as aspartame have all been studied as migraine triggers in the past...
November 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Michael E J Lean, Lisa Te Morenga
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar, specifically sugar-sweetened beverages, has been widely held responsible by the media for the global rise in Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). SOURCES OF DATA: Systematic reviews and dietary guidelines relating dietary sugars to T2DM. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Weight gain and T2DM incidence are associated with diet and lifestyle patterns characterized by high consumptions of any sweetened beverages. High sugar intakes impair risk factors for macrovascular complications of T2DM...
October 5, 2016: British Medical Bulletin
Seong Hee Kim, Jae Ho Lee, Sun Yung Ly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common pediatric chronic inflammatory skin diseases, and certain food allergens and nutrients are closely related to the development and severity of atopic dermatitis. While avoidance of the causative foods is considered the mainstay of treatment, unverified excessive restriction might induce unnecessary limitations in the food intake, consequently leading to nutritional deficiencies and poor growth. This study aimed to identify the characteristics and nutrient intake status in children with atopic dermatitis and to investigate the effects of individualized nutrition intervention...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Vincent T Martin, Brinder Vij
BACKGROUND: The role of diet in the management of the headache patient is a controversial topic in the headache field. OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence supporting the hypothesis that specific foods or ingredients within foods and beverages trigger attacks of headache and/or migraine and to discuss the use of elimination diets in the prevention of headache disorders METHODS: This represents part 1 of a narrative review of the role of diet in the prevention of migraine and other headache disorders...
October 2016: Headache
Kenneth L Miller
BACKGROUND: Patient Activation and Health confidence are constructs to assess patient engagement and are utilized to encourage patient engagement. A health care provider may increase patient engagement further by utilizing behavior change theories and models such as the trans-theoretical model of change (TTM), self-determination theory (SDT) and motivational interviewing (MI) to realize effective and lasting health behavior change by placing accountability increasingly on the patient/caregiver to choose to make changes in their health behavior on their terms...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
Ekaterini Politi, Aspasia Angelakopoulou, Dimitra Grapsa, Maria Zande, Kalliopi Stefanaki, Ioanna Panagiotou, Eleftheria Roma, Ekaterini Syrigou
OBJECTIVES: Previous data have suggested that filaggrin (FLG) and periostin (POSTN) genes may be dysregulated in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). We aimed to further evaluate the expression patterns of FLG and POSTN proteins in esophageal tissue samples of patients with EoE, as compared to those of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and normal controls. METHODS: A total of 61 prospectively collected cases, including 40 children with EoE and 21 children with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and a control group of 14 sex and age-matched healthy children were enrolled...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Kenton A Buck, Claire W Varian-Ramos, Daniel A Cristol, John P Swaddle
Mercury is a ubiquitous metal contaminant that negatively impacts reproduction of wildlife and has many other sub-lethal effects. Songbirds are sensitive bioindicators of mercury toxicity and may suffer population declines as a result of mercury pollution. Current predictions of mercury accumulation and biomagnification often overlook possible genetic variation in mercury uptake and elimination within species and the potential for evolution in affected populations. We conducted a study of dietary mercury exposure in a model songbird species, maintaining a breeding population of zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) on standardized diets ranging from 0...
2016: PloS One
L Polloni, E Ferruzza, L Ronconi, A Toniolo, F Lazzarotto, R Bonaguro, N Celegato, A Muraro
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate dietary eliminations may impair quality of life, affect children's growth and unnecessarily impact on healthcare costs. Previous retrospective studies reported that around 25% of children continue a food-avoidance diet despite a negative oral food challenge (OFC). A definite pattern has not been found yet for patients not reintroducing the food. This study aimed to examine the role of child's nutritional attitudes and maternal anxiety in reintroducing food after a negative OFC...
September 23, 2016: Allergy
Liang Xiao, Jordi Estellé, Pia Kiilerich, Yuliaxis Ramayo-Caldas, Zhongkui Xia, Qiang Feng, Suisha Liang, Anni Øyan Pedersen, Niels Jørgen Kjeldsen, Chuan Liu, Emmanuelle Maguin, Joël Doré, Nicolas Pons, Emmanuelle Le Chatelier, Edi Prifti, Junhua Li, Huijue Jia, Xin Liu, Xun Xu, Stanislav D Ehrlich, Lise Madsen, Karsten Kristiansen, Claire Rogel-Gaillard, Jun Wang
The pig is a major species for livestock production and is also extensively used as the preferred model species for analyses of a wide range of human physiological functions and diseases(1). The importance of the gut microbiota in complementing the physiology and genome of the host is now well recognized(2). Knowledge of the functional interplay between the gut microbiota and host physiology in humans has been advanced by the human gut reference catalogue(3,4). Thus, establishment of a comprehensive pig gut microbiome gene reference catalogue constitutes a logical continuation of the recently published pig genome(5)...
2016: Nature Microbiology
Aiko Kume, Dang Trinh Minh Anh, Mototada Shichiri, Noriko Ishida, Hiroshi Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has been adopted as national policy for the first-line treatment in large number of malaria-endemic regions. However, artemisinin-resistant parasites have emerged and are spreading, with slow-cleaning parasites being reported in patients treated with ACT. It means that more parasites are exposed to the partner drug alone and the risk of developing resistant parasites against the partner drug is increasing. Therefore, the development of a new method to enhance the effect of artemisinin is required...
2016: Malaria Journal
Sébastien de Maistre, Nicolas Vallée, Emmanuel Gempp, Pierre Louge, Claude H B Duchamp, Jean-Eric Blatteau
Introduction Massive bubble formation after diving can lead to decompression sickness (DCS) that can result in neurological disorders. In experimental dives using hydrogen as the diluent gas, decreasing the body's H2 burden by inoculating hydrogen-metabolizing microbes into the gut reduces the risk of DCS. In contrast, we have shown that gut bacterial fermentation in rats on a standard diet promotes DCS through endogenous hydrogen production. So we set out to test these experimental results in humans. Materials and methods 39 divers admitted into our hyperbaric center with neurological DCS (Affected Divers) were compared with 39 healthy divers (Unaffected Divers)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
N Wagner, D Dirk, A Peveling-Oberhag, I Reese, U Rady-Pizarro, H Mitzel, P Staubach
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CsU) is a frequent dermatological disease that might last for months or years with high impact on quality of life. Known causes are autoreactive phenomena, infections or intolerances, rarely IgE-mediated allergies. One-third of CsU patients benefit from a low-pseudoallergen diet. Additionally, it is often discussed, that reducing histamine ingestion alone might improve clinical symptoms and quality of life in CsU patients despite the uncertain role of the histamine-degrading enzyme diamine oxidase (DAO)...
September 13, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Mohannad Dugum, Kathy Barco, Samita Garg
A diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) has been found to significantly reduce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The diet is best implemented in two phases: initial strict elimination of foods high in FODMAPs, then gradual reintroduction based on symptoms. Further study of this diet's effect on intestinal microbiota is needed.
September 2016: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Yafei Deng, Qi Zhang, Hongqin Luo, Xianhua Chen, Qi Han, Fangjie Wang, Pei Huang, Wenjing Lai, Xiao Guan, Xiaodong Pan, Yan Ji, Wei Guo, Ling Che, Yuan Tang, Liangqi Gu, Jianhua Yu, Michael Namaka, Youcai Deng, Xiaohui Li
Growing evidence has demonstrated that maternal detrimental factors, including inflammation, contribute to the development of hypertension in the offspring. The current study found that offspring subjected to prenatal exposure of inflammation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge during the second semester showed significantly increased systolic blood pressure. In addition, these offspring also displayed augmented vascular damage and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in thoracic aortas when challenged with deoxycorticosterone acetate and high-salt diet (DOCA-salt)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Peter J Kahrilas, Kenneth W Altman, Anne B Chang, Stephen K Field, Susan M Harding, Andrew P Lane, Kaiser Lim, Lorcan McGarvey, Jaclyn Smith, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: We updated the 2006 ACCP clinical practice guidelines for management of reflux-cough syndrome. METHODS: Two PICO questions were addressed by systematic review: 1) can therapy for gastroesophageal reflux improve or eliminate cough in adults with chronic and persistently troublesome cough? and 2) are there minimal clinical criteria to guide practice in determining that chronic cough is likely to respond to therapy for gastroesophageal reflux? RESULTS: We found no high quality studies pertinent to either question...
September 7, 2016: Chest
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"