keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

melanoma prostate cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543886/human-hairless-protein-roles-in-skin-hair-and-emerging-connections-to-brain-and-other-cancers
#1
Anas Maatough, G Kerr Whitfield, Lemlem Brook, David Hsieh, Patricia Palade, Jui-Cheng Hsieh
The mammalian hairless protein (HR) is a 130 kDa nuclear transcription factor that is essential for proper skin and hair follicle function. Previous studies have focused on the role of HR in skin maintenance and hair cycling. However, hairless gene (HR) is also expressed in brain and other tissues, where its role remains poorly understood. HR has been reported to contain functional domains that potentially serve in DNA binding, histone demethylation, nuclear translocation signal, and protein-protein interactions...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542476/functional-interaction-between-co-expressed-mage-a-proteins
#2
Julieta E Laiseca, María F Ladelfa, Javier Cotignola, Leticia Y Peche, Franco A Pascucci, Bryan A Castaño, Mario D Galigniana, Claudio Schneider, Martin Monte
MAGE-A (Melanoma Antigen Genes-A) are tumor-associated proteins with expression in a broad spectrum of human tumors and normal germ cells. MAGE-A gene expression and function are being increasingly investigated to better understand the mechanisms by which MAGE proteins collaborate in tumorigenesis and whether their detection could be useful for disease prognosis purposes. Alterations in epigenetic mechanisms involved in MAGE gene silencing cause their frequent co-expression in tumor cells. Here, we have analyzed the effect of MAGE-A gene co-expression and our results suggest that MageA6 can potentiate the androgen receptor (AR) co-activation function of MageA11...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537896/5t4-oncofoetal-glycoprotein-an-old-target-for-a-novel-prostate-cancer-immunotherapy
#3
Federica Cappuccini, Emily Pollock, Stephen Stribbling, Adrian V S Hill, Irina Redchenko
The tumour-associated antigen 5T4 is an attractive target for cancer immunotherapy. However to date, reported 5T4-specific cellular immune responses induced by various immunisation platforms have been largely weak or non-existent. In the present study, we have evaluated a heterologous prime boost regime based on the simian adenovirus ChAdOx1 and modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) expressing 5T4 for immunogenicity and tumour protective efficacy in a mouse cancer model. Vaccination-induced immune responses were strong, durable and attributable primarily to CD8+ T cells...
May 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525996/cancer-risks-in-a-population-based-study-of-70-570-agricultural-workers-results-from-the-canadian-census-health-and-environment-cohort-canchec
#4
Linda Kachuri, M Anne Harris, Jill S MacLeod, Michael Tjepkema, Paul A Peters, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: Agricultural workers may be exposed to potential carcinogens including pesticides, sensitizing agents and solar radiation. Previous studies indicate increased risks of hematopoietic cancers and decreased risks at other sites, possibly due to differences in lifestyle or risk behaviours. We present findings from CanCHEC (Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort), the largest national population-based cohort of agricultural workers. METHODS: Statistics Canada created the cohort using deterministic and probabilistic linkage of the 1991 Canadian Long Form Census to National Cancer Registry records for 1992-2010...
May 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512032/cytotoxic-triterpene-diglycosides-from-the-sea-cucumber-stichopus-horrens
#5
Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Le Thi Vien, Le Hoang, Tran Thi Hong Hanh, Do Thi Thao, Nguyen Van Thanh, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Do Cong Thung, Phan Van Kiem, Chau Van Minh
Using various chromatographic separation techniques, eight triterpene diglycosides (1-8), including four new compounds namely stichorrenosides A-D (1-4), were isolated from a methanol extract of the Vietnamese sea cucumber S. horrens. Their structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic analyses, including HR ESI MS, 1D and 2D NMR. Their in vitro cytotoxic activity against five human cancer cell lines, Hep-G2 (hepatoma cancer), KB (epidermoid carcinoma), LNCaP (prostate cancer), MCF7 (breast cancer), and SK-Mel2 (melanoma), was evaluated using SRB methods...
May 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492039/skin-cancer-concerns-particular-to-women
#6
REVIEW
Z Al-Dujaili, M Henry, A S Dorizas, N S Sadick
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer has reached epidemic proportions, with more new cases diagnosed annually than the combined incidence of cancers of the breast, prostate, lung, and colon. Estimates show 2 to 3 million new cases of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) every year, and, among women, it is the young (younger than 45 years) who are disproportionately affected. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to address questions and concerns pertinent to skin cancer in a woman-centric way...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488582/pras40-signaling-in-tumor
#7
REVIEW
Dan Lv, Lianying Guo, Ting Zhang, Lin Huang
The proline-rich Akt substrate of 40 kDa (PRAS40) is a substrate of Akt and a component of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). Locating at the crossroad of the PI3K/Akt pathway and the mTOR pathway, PRAS40 is phosphorylated by growth factors or other stimuli, and regulates the activation of these signaling pathways in turn. PRAS40 plays an important role in metabolic disorders and multiple cancers, and the phosphorylation of PRAS40 is often associated with the tumor progression of melanoma, prostate cancer, etc...
April 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487463/male-breast-cancer-as-a-second-primary-cancer-increased-risk-following-lymphoma
#8
Deborah E Farr, Alexandra Thomas, Seema Ahsan Khan, Mary C Schroeder
BACKGROUND: Male breast cancer (MBC) as a second primary cancer (SPC) has a known association with prior MBC. However, its association with non-breast index malignancies, relative to population risk, has not been previously reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (9 catchment area) data, we identified MBCs diagnosed from 1973-2012 as their SPC. Information regarding the index malignancy was also obtained. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) of MBC as SPC were estimated, along with incidence rates and trends...
May 9, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483457/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-pharmacology-of-nxt629-a-novel-and-selective-ppar%C3%AE-antagonist
#9
Karin J Stebbins, Alex R Broadhead, Geraldine Cabrera, Lucia D Correa, Davorka Messmer, Richard Bundey, Christopher Baccei, Yalda Bravo, Austin Chen, Nicholas S Stock, Peppi Prasit, Daniel S Lorrain
Peroxisome-proliferator activated receptors (PPAR) are members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily which regulate gene transcription. PPARα is a key regulator of lipid homeostasis and a negative regulator of inflammation. Under conditions of metabolic stress such as fasting or glucose deprivation, PPARα is upregulated in order to control gene expression necessary for processing alternate fuel sources (e.g. fatty acid oxidation) and thereby promote maintenance of cell viability. Clinically, PPARα expression is upregulated in diseased tissues such as melanoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, ovarian and prostate cancer...
May 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480500/cancer-survivors-reported-discussions-with-health-care-providers-about-follow-up-care-and-receipt-of-written-care-plans
#10
Sarah C Reed, Rod Walker, Rebecca Ziebell, Borsika Rabin, Stephanie Nutt, Jessica Chubak, Larissa Nekhlyudov
Prior studies reveal gaps in cancer survivors' discussions with health care providers about follow-up care and receipt of care plans; however, whether survivorship care planning may vary by cancer type is not known. We surveyed 615 survivors of breast, colorectal, prostate, lung cancer, and melanoma enrolled in three health plans to examine cancer survivors' self-reported discussions of follow-up care, including the need for surveillance, late and long-term effects, emotional needs, and health behaviors. We assessed whether cancer survivors received a written treatment summary and post-treatment care instructions...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476381/unusual-asymptomatic-presentation-of-bladder-cancer-metastatic-to-the-penis
#11
Francesca Giunchi, Francesco Vasuri, Vagnoni Valerio, Ilaria Montagnani, Federico Nelli, Michelangelo Fiorentino, Maria Rosaria Raspollini
Penile metastasis is an extremely rare event and mainly originate from primary pelvic tumor sites such us urinary bladder, gastro-intestinal tract and prostate and more rarely from respiratory system, bone tumors and melanoma. Here we describe the unusual presentation of two bladder urothelial cancer metastatic to the penis with no relevant clinical symptoms. Namely, a 69 years-old man with a warthy lesions of the foreskin and the glans misunderstood for a condylomata that at histological and immunohistochemical analysis showed a bladder urothelial carcinoma; and a 71 years-old man with reddish skin lesion of the glans, a previous history of bladder and urethral carcinoma and histological pagetoid spread of urothelial cancer to the glans...
December 2, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457417/incidence-and-mortality-by-cancer-in-patients-after-lung-transplantation-in-a-brazilian-institution
#12
M Schettini-Soares, O G Júnior, H F Costa, L M Fernandes, L G Abdalla, S V Campos, R H O B Teixeira, M N Samano, P M Pêgo-Fernandes
BACKGROUND: The first human lung transplantation was performed by James Hardy in 1963 due to lung cancer. Currently, malignancy has its importance in the follow-up of transplanted patients because cancer risk is higher in this population and the main risk factor for this augmentation is immunosuppression. The most common types of cancer are non-melanoma skin cancer and post-transplantation lymphoproliferative diseases. The objective of this study is to measure the cancer incidence and its related mortality in lung-transplanted patients of a Brazilian institution...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448269/circulating-cell-free-micrornas-as-clinical-cancer-biomarkers
#13
REVIEW
Virginie Armand-Labit, Anne Pradines
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding small RNAs that are master regulators of genic expression and consequently of many cellular processes. But their expression is often deregulated in human tumors leading to cancer development. Recently miRNAs were discovered in body fluids (serum, plasma and others) and their levels have often been reported to be altered in patients. Circulating miRNAs became one of the most promising biomarkers in oncology for early diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic response prediction. Here we describe the origins and roles of miRNAs, and summarize the most recent studies focusing on their usefulness as cancer biomarkers in lung, breast, colon, prostate, ovary cancers and melanoma...
April 27, 2017: Biomolecular Concepts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444227/incidence-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-brain-metastases-at-diagnosis-of-systemic-malignancy-a-population-based-study
#14
Daniel N Cagney, Allison M Martin, Paul J Catalano, Amanda J Redig, Nancy U Lin, Eudocia Q Lee, Patrick Y Wen, Ian F Dunn, Wenya Linda Bi, Stephanie E Weiss, Daphne A Haas-Kogan, Brian M Alexander, Ayal A Aizer
Background: Brain metastases are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Population-level data describing the incidence and prognosis of patients with brain metastases are lacking. The aim of this study was to characterize the incidence and prognosis of patients with brain metastases at diagnosis of systemic malignancy using recently released data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program. Methods: We identified 1,302,166 patients diagnosed with non-hematologic malignancies originating outside of the central nervous system between 2010-2013 and described the incidence proportion and survival of patients with brain metastases...
April 24, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439153/supraclavicular-metastases-from-distant-primary-solid-tumours-a-retrospective-study-of-41%C3%A2-years
#15
Keyvan Sagheb, Asina Manz, Stefan B Albrich, Katherine J Taylor, Georg Hess, Christian Walter
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 1 % of all malignant solid tumours of the head and neck area are metastases from primary tumours beneath the clavicles. The aim of this study was to analyse the distribution of primary tumours since meta-analyses might have been biased due to the usually extraordinary character of case reports. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patient files from 1970 to 2012 from the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery unit at a University Hospital were analysed regarding the existence of metastases to the head and neck area from distant primaries...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434095/patient-reported-outcomes-in-cancer-survivors-a-population-wide-cross-sectional-study
#16
Michael Jefford, Andrew C Ward, Karolina Lisy, Karen Lacey, Jon D Emery, Adam W Glaser, Hannah Cross, Mei Krishnasamy, Sue-Anne McLachlan, Jim Bishop
PURPOSE: There is a lack of robust population-based data regarding the lived experience of cancer survivors. This study assessed the quality of life (QoL) of survivors of breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma or melanoma 1, 3 and 5 years post-diagnosis. Associations between various demographic and disease-related factors and QoL were assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey was undertaken. Eligible participants were identified from a population-based cancer registry...
April 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431765/immune-modulation-by-vitamin-d-special-emphasis-on-its-role-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Franco Pandolfi, Laura Franza, Claudia Mandolini, Pio Conti
PURPOSE: Vitamin D has been known to be involved in mineral and bone homeostasis for many years. In the past its main use was in treating osteoporosis and rickets. In recent years it was found that vitamin D is an immune-modulating agent and may also have a role in several diseases, including autoimmune diseases. The immune-modulating effects appear to be mediated by vitamin D interaction with the vitamin D receptor (VDR) that has transcriptional effects and is expressed on various cell types, especially those of the immune system...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428642/-technology-and-prevention-in-the-era-of-mobile-health-applications-for-cancer-screening-programs
#18
Fabrizio Bert, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Salvatore Clemente, Giulia Villa, Roberta Siliquini
The Italian national health system provides screening to detect breast, colorecatal and cervical cancers, however, population adherence is not as high as expected. Smartphones and their applications (apps) could be used as a tool to communicate with the population and to help improve adherence. The aim of this study was to analyze the features and functions of smartphone applications aimed at secondary prevention of oncological diseases. In February 2016, we reviewed online app stores, using specific key-words, to search for available apps for cancer screening...
January 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426539/the-effect-of-cancer-patients-and-their-family-caregivers-physical-and-emotional-symptoms-on-caregiver-burden
#19
Safora Johansen, Milada Cvancarova, Cornelia Ruland
BACKGROUND: Although there is significant evidence that the family caregivers (FCs) of cancer patients can experience significant caregiver burden and symptoms, less is known about the relationships between FCs and patient characteristics that influence caregiver burden. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of cancer patients' and FCs' symptoms and demographic characteristics on caregiver burden at initiation of the patients' radiation treatment...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423659/targeting-hox-pbx-dimers-in-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Richard Morgan, Mohamed El-Tanani, Keith D Hunter, Kevin J Harrington, Hardev S Pandha
The HOX and PBX gene families encode transcription factors that have key roles in establishing the identity of cells and tissues in early development. Over the last 20 years it has become apparent that they are also dysregulated in a wide range of solid and haematological malignancies and have a predominantly pro-oncogenic function. A key mode of transcriptional regulation by HOX and PBX proteins is through their interaction as a heterodimer or larger complex that enhances their binding affinity and specificity for DNA, and there is growing evidence that this interaction is a potential therapeutic target in malignancies that include prostate, breast, renal, ovarian and lung cancer, melanoma, myeloma, and acute myeloid leukaemia...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
109097
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"