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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143799/effect-of-a-partially-hydrolysed-whey-infant-formula-supplemented-with-starch-and-lactobacillus-reuteri-dsm-17938-on-regurgitation-and-gastric-motility
#1
Flavia Indrio, Giuseppe Riezzo, Paola Giordano, Maria Ficarella, Maria Paola Miolla, Silvia Martini, Luigi Corvaglia, Ruggiero Francavilla
Functional regurgitation (FR) is common in early infancy and represents a major drain on healthcare resources. This double-blind, randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of a formula containing partially hydrolysed, 100% whey protein, starch and Lactobacillus reuteri (DSM 17938) on gastric emptying rate (GErate) and regurgitation frequency in infants with FR. Enrolled infants were randomly allocated to receive either the test formula or a standard starter formula for four weeks. Ultrasound GErate assessment was performed at baseline (week 0) and at week 4; the number of regurgitations, feed volumes and potential adverse events were recorded in a daily diary...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128214/application-of-whey-protein-isolate-in-bone-regeneration-effects-on-growth-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-bone-forming-cells
#2
Timothy E L Douglas, Marta Vandrovcová, Nikola Kročilová, Julia K Keppler, Jana Zárubová, Andre G Skirtach, Lucie Bačáková
Recently, milk-derived proteins have attracted attention for applications in the biomedical field such as tissue regeneration. Whey protein isolate (WPI), especially its main component β-lactoglobulin, can modulate immunity and acts as an antioxidant, antitumor, antiviral, and antibacterial agent. There are very few reports of the application of WPI in tissue engineering, especially in bone tissue engineering. In this study, we tested the influence of different concentrations of WPI on behavior of human osteoblast-like Saos-2 cells, human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASC), and human neonatal dermal fibroblasts (FIB)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114510/effect-of-timing-of-whey-protein-supplement-on-muscle-damage-markers-after-eccentric-exercise
#3
Jooyoung Kim, Chulhyun Lee, Joohyung Lee
Whey protein is a nutritional supplement commonly ingested for recovery following exercise. However, the timing when whey protein supplement must be ingested after muscle-damaging exercise is debatable. Therefore, the present study investigated the effects of the timing of supplement ingestion on muscle damage markers after eccentric or muscle-damaging exercise. In total, 32 collegiate male students participated in this study; they were randomly assigned to control group (n=8), before supplement group (n=8), after supplement group (n=8), or before and after supplement group (n=8)...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106812/whey-protein-hydrolysate-supplementation-accelerates-recovery-from-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-in-females
#4
Meghan A Brown, Emma J Stevenson, Glyn Howatson
A number of different forms of protein and their analogues have been investigated for their efficacy in ameliorating exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and recovery. Preliminary data regarding whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) supplementation are promising. However, its efficacy beyond acute eccentric/resistance exercise bouts or longer-term training programmes are limited and all investigations have been conducted in male or mixed-sex groups. This study sought to elucidate whether the benefits of WPH previously reported can be demonstrated in females following repeated-sprint exercise...
November 6, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091479/case-study-the-effect-of-nutritional-intervention-on-body-composition-and-physical-performance-of-a-female-squash-player
#5
Christopher Rosimus
The body composition of a squash player may affect athletic performance as carrying excessive body fat may increase injury risk and impair agility and speed. This case study outlines the effect of a nutritional intervention on body composition, vitamin D status and physical performance of a female squash player. A structured, 6-week moderate energy-restricted diet (70-78% of Estimated Energy Requirement (EER) of 2300 kcal was implemented with weekly support. A daily supplement of vitamin D, omega 3 fatty acids, and a multivitamin/multimineral and whey protein was used...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083433/effect-of-structured-physical-activity-and-nutritional-supplementation-on-physical-function-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-vive2-randomized-trial
#6
R A Fielding, T G Travison, D R Kirn, A Koochek, K F Reid, Å von Berens, H Zhu, S C Folta, J M Sacheck, M E Nelson, C K Liu, A C Åberg, M Nydahl, M Lilja, T Gustafsson, T Cederholm
OBJECTIVES: The interactions between nutritional supplementation and physical activity on changes in physical function among older adults remain unclear. The primary objective of this study was to examine the impact of nutritional supplementation plus structured physical activity on 400M walk capacity in mobility-limited older adults across two sites (Boston, USA and Stockholm, Sweden). DESIGN: All subjects participated in a physical activity program (3x/week for 24 weeks), involving walking, strength, balance, and flexibility exercises...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072167/effect-of-whey-protein-supplementation-on-long-and-short-term-appetite-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Mehdi Mollahosseini, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Mohammad Hossein Rahimi, Kurosh Djafarian
Specific components of dairy, such as whey proteins may have beneficial effects on body composition by suppressing appetite, although the findings of existing studies have been inconsistent. Therefore, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was performed to investigate effect of whey protein supplementation on long and short term appetite. A systematic search was conducted to identify eligible publications. Means and SDs for hunger, fullness, satiety, desire to eat and prospective consumption of food, before and after intervention, were extracted and then composite appetite score (CAS) calculated...
August 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061179/effect-of-whey-protein-supplementation-on-levels-of-endocannabinoids-and-some-of-metabolic-risk-factors-in-obese-women-on-a-weight-loss-diet-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Fatemeh Haidari, Vahideh Aghamohammadi, Majid Mohammadshahi, Kambiz Ahmadi-Angali
BACKGROUND: Besides the effects of dietary long chain PUFA on circulating endocannabinoids concentrations, the impact of other nutrients on these system is not known and, whether changes in plasma endocannabinoids levels correlated with changes in body composition and biochemical metabolic risk factors in obese individuals, however, still remains to be characterized. METHODS: We will conduct a 2 months' open label, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of whey protein supplementation on levels of endocannabinoids, glycemic and lipid profile, inflammatory factors, adipocytokines and body composition in 60 premenopausal obese women on a weight-loss diet...
October 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053995/effects-of-a-whey-protein-supplementation-on-oxidative-stress-body-composition-and-glucose-metabolism-among-overweight-people-affected-by-diabetes-mellitus-or-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-pilot-study
#9
Chiara Flaim, Michael Kob, Angela M Di Pierro, Markus Herrmann, Lucio Lucchin
Obesity and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) are characterized by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress [Donath et al. 2013] and this leads to cardiovascular diseases [Hulsmans & Holvoet 2010]. Whey proteins (WP) have antioxidant [Chitapanarux et al. 2009], anti-inflammatory [Sugawara et al. 2012] and hypoglycemic activities [Mignone et al. 2015], while data on weight, body composition [Frestedt et al. 2008; Aldrich et al. 2011] and blood pressure are conflicting [Kawase et al. 2000; Lee et al. 2007]. WP have unpleasant taste and smell [Patel 2015], but a new WP isolate (ProLYOtin®) seems to be more palatable...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045254/nutritional-interventions-in-sarcopenia-where-do-we-stand
#10
Jean Woo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To document recent evidence regarding the role of nutrition as an intervention for sarcopenia. RECENT FINDINGS: A review of seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) alone on muscle loss in 147 adults showed greater muscle mass gain in the intervention group, but no benefit in muscle strength and physical performance measures. Three other review articles examined nutrition and exercise as combined intervention, and suggest enhancement of benefits of exercise by nutrition supplements (energy, protein, vitamin D)...
October 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033945/improved-efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-using-non-digestible-oligosaccharides-in-a-murine-cow-s-milk-allergy-model-a-potential-role-for-foxp3-regulatory-t-cells
#11
Marlotte M Vonk, Mara A P Diks, Laura Wagenaar, Joost J Smit, Raymond H H Pieters, Johan Garssen, Betty C A M van Esch, Léon M J Knippels
BACKGROUND: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising therapeutic approach to treat food allergic patients. However, there are some concerns regarding its safety and long-term efficacy. The use of non-digestible oligosaccharides might improve OIT efficacy since they are known to directly modulate intestinal epithelial and immune cells in addition to acting as prebiotics. AIM: To investigate whether a diet supplemented with plant-derived fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) supports the efficacy of OIT in a murine cow's milk allergy model and to elucidate the potential mechanisms involved...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031484/effects-of-leucine-enriched-essential-amino-acid-and-whey-protein-bolus-dosing-upon-skeletal-muscle-protein-synthesis-at-rest-and-after-exercise-in-older-women
#12
Daniel J Wilkinson, Syed S I Bukhari, Bethan E Phillips, Marie C Limb, Jessica Cegielski, Matthew S Brook, Debbie Rankin, William K Mitchell, Hisamine Kobayashi, John P Williams, Jonathan Lund, Paul L Greenhaff, Kenneth Smith, Philip J Atherton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Impaired anabolic responses to nutrition and exercise contribute to loss of skeletal muscle mass with ageing (sarcopenia). Here, we tested responses of muscle protein synthesis (MPS), in the under represented group of older women, to leucine-enriched essential amino acids (EAA) in comparison to a large bolus of whey protein (WP). METHODS: Twenty-four older women (65 ± 1 y) received (N = 8/group) 1.5 g leucine-enriched EAA supplements (LEAA_1...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026733/safety-of-a-new-synbiotic-starter-formula
#13
Yvan Vandenplas, Antonis Analitis, Chara Tziouvara, Athina Kountzoglou, Anastasia Drakou, Manos Tsouvalas, Antigoni Mavroudi, Ioannis Xinias
PURPOSE: Breastfeeding is the best way to feed all infants, but not all infants can be (exclusively) breastfed. Cow's milk based infant formula is the second choice infant feeding. METHODS: The safety of a new synbiotic infant formula, supplemented with Bifidobacterium lactis and fructo-oligosaccharides, with lactose and a whey/casein 60/40 protein ratio was tested in 280 infants during 3 months. RESULTS: The median age of the infants at inclusion was 0...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017872/anaerobic-digestion-of-cheese-whey-energetic-and-nutritional-potential-for-the-dairy-sector-in-developing-countries
#14
H Escalante, L Castro, M P Amaya, L Jaimes, J Jaimes-Estévez
Cheese whey (CW) is the main waste generated in the cheesemaking process and has high organic matter content and acidity. Therefore, CW disposal is a challenge for small to medium enterprises (SMEs) in the dairy industry that do not have any type of treatment plant. Anaerobic digestion (AD) is an attractive process for solving this problem. The aim of this research was to determine the biomethane and struvite precipitation potentials of CW from four dairy SMEs. First, changes in CW properties (organic matter and pH) were evaluated...
October 7, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992007/effects-of-diet-complexity-and-multicarbohydrase-supplementation-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-blood-profile-intestinal-morphology-and-fecal-score-in-newly-weaned-pigs
#15
B Koo, J W Kim, C F M de Lange, M M Hossain, C M Nyachoti
To study the effects of diet complexity and multicarbohydrase (MC) supplementation, 144 piglets (6.70 ± 0.81 kg of BW) weaned at 21 ± 2 d of age (1:1 male to female ratio) were assigned to 1 of 6 dietary treatments in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement based on diet complexity (complex1, complex2, and simple) and MC addition (0 vs. 0.1% of MC). Diets were provided in a 2-phase feeding program with phase I (d 1 to 14) and phase II diets (d 15 to 28). Complex1 was formulated to mimic a conventional weaner diet with blood plasma, fish meal, dried whey, and skim milk powder, whereas complex2 partially or totally replaced these ingredients with various plant-based ingredients...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977347/nutritional-supplementation-with-physical-activity-improves-muscle-composition-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-the-vive2-study-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Davis A Englund, Dylan R Kirn, Afsaneh Koochek, Hao Zhu, Thomas G Travison, Kieran F Reid, Åsa von Berens, Michael Melin, Tommy Cederholm, Thomas Gustafsson, Roger A Fielding
Background: Nutritional supplementation and physical activity have been shown to positively influence muscle mass and strength in older adults. The efficacy of long-term nutritional supplementation in combination with physical activity in older adults remains unclear. Methods: Mobility-limited (short physical performance battery [SPPB] ≤9) and vitamin D insufficient (serum 25(OH) D 9-24 ng/mL) older adults were recruited for this study. All subjects participated in a physical activity program...
July 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968216/exploitation-of-dark-fermented-effluent-of-cheese-whey-by-co-culture-of-rhodobacter-sphaeroides-and-bacillus-firmus-for-photo-hydrogen-production
#17
A Pandey, A Pandey
In this study photo-hydrogen production from cheese whey dark fermentation (DF) effluent by the co-culture of Rhodobacter sphaeroides -NMBL-01 and Bacillus firmus - NMBL-03 has been reported. The effect of pH, initial chemical oxygen demand (COD) and the concentration effect of FeSO4.7H2O on photo-hydrogen production have been investigated. The end products of dark fermentation effluent of cheese whey were mainly comprised of soluble organic acids, i.e. butyric acid and lactic acid. The batch process was carried out under light intensity of 2...
July 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928508/effect-of-%C3%AE-glucan-fortification-on-physico-chemical-rheological-textural-colour-and-organoleptic-characteristics-of-low-fat-dahi
#18
Dadi Bhaskar, Sunil Kumar Khatkar, Rekha Chawla, Harsh Panwar, Swati Kapoor
Fortified low fat functional dahi prepared by supplementing skimmed buffalo milk with β-glucan (0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0%) was assessed for physico-chemical, rheological, textural, colour and sensorial characteristics. Total solids in dahi increased significantly with the increase in β-glucan concentration, however, values of fat, protein and ash varied non-significantly upon β-glucan addition in dahi. β-glucan at 0.5% solids levels, produced low fat dahi with superior quality, less whey separation and good textural properties than the samples containing other levels...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910233/effects-of-supplementation-with-beef-or-whey-protein-versus-carbohydrate-in-master-triathletes
#19
Fernando Naclerio, Marco Seijo, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Nadia Ashrafi, Tatiana Christides, Bettina Karsten, Birthe V Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: The present study compares the effect of ingesting hydrolyzed beef protein, whey protein, and carbohydrate on performance, body composition (via plethysmography), muscular thickness, and blood indices of health, including ferritin concentrations, following a 10-week intervention program. METHODS: After being randomly assigned to one of the following groups-beef, whey, or carbohydrate-24 master-age (35-60 years old) male triathletes (n = 8 per treatment) ingested 20 g of supplement mixed with plain water once a day (immediately after training or before breakfast)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894506/a-cystine-rich-whey-supplement-immunocal%C3%A2-provides-neuroprotection-from-diverse-oxidative-stress-inducing-agents-in-vitro-by-preserving-cellular-glutathione
#20
Aimee N Winter, Erika K Ross, Vamsi Daliparthi, Whitney A Sumner, Danielle M Kirchhof, Evan Manning, Heather M Wilkins, Daniel A Linseman
Oxidative stress is a principal mechanism underlying the pathophysiology of neurodegeneration. Therefore, nutritional enhancement of endogenous antioxidant defenses may represent a viable treatment option. We investigated the neuroprotective properties of a unique whey protein supplement (Immunocal®) that provides an essential precursor (cystine) for synthesis of the endogenous antioxidant, glutathione (GSH). Primary cultures of rat cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs), NSC34 motor neuronal cells, or HT22 hippocampal cells were preincubated in medium containing Immunocal and then subsequently treated with agents known to induce oxidative stress...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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