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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928508/effect-of-%C3%AE-glucan-fortification-on-physico-chemical-rheological-textural-colour-and-organoleptic-characteristics-of-low-fat-dahi
#1
Dadi Bhaskar, Sunil Kumar Khatkar, Rekha Chawla, Harsh Panwar, Swati Kapoor
Fortified low fat functional dahi prepared by supplementing skimmed buffalo milk with β-glucan (0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0%) was assessed for physico-chemical, rheological, textural, colour and sensorial characteristics. Total solids in dahi increased significantly with the increase in β-glucan concentration, however, values of fat, protein and ash varied non-significantly upon β-glucan addition in dahi. β-glucan at 0.5% solids levels, produced low fat dahi with superior quality, less whey separation and good textural properties than the samples containing other levels...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910233/effects-of-supplementation-with-beef-or-whey-protein-versus-carbohydrate-in-master-triathletes
#2
Fernando Naclerio, Marco Seijo, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Nadia Ashrafi, Tatiana Christides, Bettina Karsten, Birthe V Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: The present study compares the effect of ingesting hydrolyzed beef protein, whey protein, and carbohydrate on performance, body composition (via plethysmography), muscular thickness, and blood indices of health, including ferritin concentrations, following a 10-week intervention program. METHODS: After being randomly assigned to one of the following groups-beef, whey, or carbohydrate-24 master-age (35-60 years old) male triathletes (n = 8 per treatment) ingested 20 g of supplement mixed with plain water once a day (immediately after training or before breakfast)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894506/a-cystine-rich-whey-supplement-immunocal%C3%A2-provides-neuroprotection-from-diverse-oxidative-stress-inducing-agents-in-vitro-by-preserving-cellular-glutathione
#3
Aimee N Winter, Erika K Ross, Vamsi Daliparthi, Whitney A Sumner, Danielle M Kirchhof, Evan Manning, Heather M Wilkins, Daniel A Linseman
Oxidative stress is a principal mechanism underlying the pathophysiology of neurodegeneration. Therefore, nutritional enhancement of endogenous antioxidant defenses may represent a viable treatment option. We investigated the neuroprotective properties of a unique whey protein supplement (Immunocal®) that provides an essential precursor (cystine) for synthesis of the endogenous antioxidant, glutathione (GSH). Primary cultures of rat cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs), NSC34 motor neuronal cells, or HT22 hippocampal cells were preincubated in medium containing Immunocal and then subsequently treated with agents known to induce oxidative stress...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878590/enzymatically-modified-isoquercitrin-supplementation-intensifies-plantaris-muscle-fiber-hypertrophy-in-functionally-overloaded-mice
#4
Akiko Kohara, Masanao Machida, Yuko Setoguchi, Ryouichi Ito, Masanori Sugitani, Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Hiroyuki Inagaki, Tatsuhiko Ito, Naomi Omi, Tohru Takemasa
BACKGROUND: Enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ) is produced from rutin using enzymatic hydrolysis followed by treatment with glycosyltransferase in the presence of dextrin to add glucose residues. EMIQ is absorbed in the same way as quercetin, a powerful antioxidant reported to prevent disused muscle atrophy by targeting mitochondria and to have ergogenic effects. The present study investigated the effect of EMIQ on skeletal muscle hypertrophy induced by functional overload. METHODS: In Study 1, 6-week-old ICR male mice were divided into 4 groups: sham-operated control, sham-operated EMIQ, overload-operated control, and overload-operated EMIQ groups...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877893/randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-impact-of-early-life-intervention-with-bifidobacteria-on-the-healthy-infant-fecal-microbiota-and-metabolome
#5
Monika Bazanella, Tanja V Maier, Thomas Clavel, Ilias Lagkouvardos, Marianna Lucio, Maria X Maldonado-Gòmez, Chloe Autran, Jens Walter, Lars Bode, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Dirk Haller
Background: Early-life colonization of the intestinal tract is a dynamic process influenced by numerous factors. The impact of probiotic-supplemented infant formula on the composition and function of the infant gut microbiota is not well defined.Objective: We sought to determine the effects of a bifidobacteria-containing formula on the healthy human intestinal microbiome during the first year of life.Design: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of newborn infants assigned to a standard whey-based formula containing a total of 10(8) colony-forming units (CFU)/g of Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, B...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877767/feeding-broilers-with-dry-whey-powder-and-whey-protein-concentrate-affected-productive-performance-ileal-digestibility-of-nutrients-and-cecal-microbiota-community
#6
C Pineda-Quiroga, A Camarinha-Silva, D Borda-Molina, R Atxaerandio, R Ruiz, A García-Rodríguez
Dietary interventions are a common practice in the poultry industry to promote optimal performance and health of animals. Here, we aim at assessing the influence of supplementing broiler diets with dry whey powder (DWP) and whey protein concentrate (WPC) on nutrient coefficient of apparent ileal digestibility (CAID) and productive performance. Cecal microbiota composition was also determined using Illumina amplicon sequencing. Dietary treatments were control diet (no supplementation of DWP or WPC), 60-DWP (60 g/kg of DWP), and 80-WPC (80 g/kg of WPC)...
September 7, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875201/ginseng-panax-ginseng-meyer-oligopeptides-regulate-innate-and-adaptive-immune-responses-in-mice-via-increased-macrophage-phagocytosis-capacity-nk-cell-activity-and-th-cells-secretion
#7
Li-Xia He, Jin-Wei Ren, Rui Liu, Qi-He Chen, Jian Zhao, Xin Wu, Zhao-Feng Zhang, Jun-Bo Wang, Giuseppe Pettinato, Yong Li
Traditionally used as a restorative medicine, ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer) has been the most widely used and acclaimed herb in Chinese communities for thousands of years. To investigate the immune-modulating activity of ginseng oligopeptides (GOP), 420 healthy female BALB/c mice were intragastrically administered distilled water (control), whey protein (0.15 g per kg body weight (BW)), and GOP 0.0375, 0.075, 0.15, 0.3 and 0.6 g per kg BW for 30 days. Blood samples from mice were collected from the ophthalmic venous plexus and then sacrificed by cervical dislocation...
September 6, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871832/adding-fish-oil-to-whey-protein-leucine-and-carbohydrate-over-a-6-week-supplementation-period-attenuates-muscle-soreness-following-eccentric-exercise-in-competitive-soccer-players
#8
Jordan D Philpott, Chris Donnelly, Ian H Walshe, James Dick, Stuart D R Galloway, Kevin D Tipton, Oliver C Witard
Soccer players often experience eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage given the physical demands of soccer match-play. Since long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFA) enhance muscle sensitivity to protein supplementation, dietary supplementation with a combination of fish oil-derived n-3PUFA, protein and carbohydrate may promote exercise recovery. This study examined the influence of adding n-3PUFA to a whey protein, leucine and carbohydrate containing beverage over a 6 week supplementation period on physiological markers of recovery measured over 3 days following eccentric exercise...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869573/effects-of-whey-soy-or-leucine-supplementation-with-12-weeks-of-resistance-training-on-strength-body-composition-and-skeletal-muscle-and-adipose-tissue-histological-attributes-in-college-aged-males
#9
C Brooks Mobley, Cody T Haun, Paul A Roberson, Petey W Mumford, Matthew A Romero, Wesley C Kephart, Richard G Anderson, Christopher G Vann, Shelby C Osburn, Coree D Pledge, Jeffrey S Martin, Kaelin C Young, Michael D Goodlett, David D Pascoe, Christopher M Lockwood, Michael D Roberts
We sought to determine the effects of L-leucine (LEU) or different protein supplements standardized to LEU (~3.0 g/serving) on changes in body composition, strength, and histological attributes in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Seventy-five untrained, college-aged males (mean ± standard error of the mean (SE); age = 21 ± 1 years, body mass = 79.2 ± 0.3 kg) were randomly assigned to an isocaloric, lipid-, and organoleptically-matched maltodextrin placebo (PLA, n = 15), LEU (n = 14), whey protein concentrate (WPC, n = 17), whey protein hydrolysate (WPH, n = 14), or soy protein concentrate (SPC, n = 15) group...
September 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867864/stability-of-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-incorporated-in-edible-films-impact-of-anionic-biopolymers-and-whey-protein-concentrate
#10
Christos Soukoulis, Solmaz Behboudi-Jobbehdar, William Macnaughtan, Christopher Parmenter, Ian D Fisk
The incorporation of probiotics and bioactive compounds, via plasticised thin-layered hydrocolloids, within food products has recently shown potential to functionalise and improve the health credentials of processed food. In this study, choice of polymer and the inclusion of whey protein isolate was evaluated for their ability to stabalise live probiotic organisms. Edible films based on low (LSA) and high (HSA) viscosity sodium alginate, low esterified amidated pectin (PEC), kappa-carrageenan/locust bean gum (κ-CAR/LBG) and gelatine (GEL) in the presence or absence of whey protein concentrate (WPC) were shown to be feasible carriers for the delivery of L...
September 2017: Food Hydrocolloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863074/interval-walking-training-and-nutritional-intake-to-increase-plasma-volume-in-elderly
#11
Koji Uchida, Yoshi-Ichiro Kamijo, Shigeki Ikegawa, Koichiro Hamada, Shizue Masuki, Hiroshi Nose
PURPOSE: Aerobic training-induced plasma volume (PV) expansion improves thermoregulation, and carbohydrate (CHO) + whey protein supplementation enhanced the effects in older people; however, these were suggested by studies on gym-based cycling training but not on home-based interval walking training (IWT). Moreover, long-term walking training effects on PV remain unknown. METHODS: Seventeen male and 10 female subjects (~69 yr), having performed IWT for ≥24 months before the study, were used...
August 31, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860783/does-whey-protein-supplementation-affect-blood-pressure-in-hypoalbuminemic-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#12
Kamal Hassan, Fadi Hassan
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension and hypoalbuminemia are common risk factors for cardiovascular complications in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Data are limited regarding the effects of whey protein consumption on blood pressure in this population. The aim of the present study was to examine if whey protein supplementation for 12 weeks to hypoalbuminemic PD patients affects their blood pressure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective randomized study included 36 stable PD patients with serum albumin levels <3...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836117/using-goat-s-milk-barley-flour-honey-and-probiotic-to-manufacture-of-functional-dairy-product
#13
Magdy Mohamed Ismail, Mohamed Farid Hamad, Esraa Mohamed Elraghy
Stirred yogurt manufactured using probiotic culture which usually called Rayeb milk in the Middle East region is one of the most important functional fermented milk products. To increase the health and functionality properties to this product, some ingredients like fruits, cereal, and whey protein are used in production. This study was carried out to prepare functional Rayeb milk from goat's milk, barley flour (15%) and honey (4%) mixtures using ABT culture. Also, vanilla and cocoa powder were used as flavorings...
August 23, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835387/supplementing-breakfast-with-a-vitamin-d-and-leucine-enriched-whey-protein-medical-nutrition-drink-enhances-postprandial-muscle-protein-synthesis-and-muscle-mass-in-healthy-older-men
#14
Audrey Chanet, Sjors Verlaan, Jérôme Salles, Christophe Giraudet, Véronique Patrac, Véronique Pidou, Corinne Pouyet, Nordine Hafnaoui, Adeline Blot, Noël Cano, Nicolas Farigon, Anke Bongers, Marion Jourdan, Yvette Luiking, Stéphane Walrand, Yves Boirie
Background: A promising strategy to help older adults preserve or build muscle mass is to optimize muscle anabolism through providing an adequate amount of high-quality protein at each meal.Objective: This "proof of principle" study investigated the acute effect of supplementing breakfast with a vitamin D and leucine-enriched whey protein medical nutrition drink on postprandial muscle protein synthesis and longer-term effect on muscle mass in healthy older adults.Methods: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study was conducted in 24 healthy older men [mean ± SD: age 71 ± 4 y; body mass index (in kg/m(2)) 24...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831956/effect-of-acid-whey-fortified-breads-on-caecal-fermentation-processes-and-blood-lipid-profile-in-rats
#15
Małgorzata Wronkowska, Maria Soral-Śmietana, Zenon Zduńczyk, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Monika Jadacka, Anna Majkowska, Fabian J Dajnowiec
Two types of diet - standard and atherogenic - were used to study the effect of wheat or wheat-rye breads supplemented with 20 % acid whey concentrate after ultrafiltration on the physiological response of growing rats. The acid whey concentrate after ultrafiltration used in rat diets caused reduced weight gain (for atherogenic diet with wheat bread); growth of caecum tissue and digesta weight; a decrease in the pH of caecum digesta (for atherogenic diet); reduced activity of bacterial glycolytic enzymes; and a significant increase in total SCFA for both types of diet with wheat-rye breads containing acid whey concentrate...
August 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816922/nil-whey-protein-effect-on-glycaemic-control-after-intense-mixed-mode-training-in-t2d
#16
Kim A Gaffney, Adam Lucero, Lee Stoner, James Faulkner, Patricia Whitfield, Jeremy Krebs, David S Rowlands
While intense endurance and resistance exercise training and whey protein supplementation have both been shown to independently improve glycaemic control, no known studies have examined the effect of high-intensity mixed-mode interval training (MMIT) and whey supplementation in adults with Type-2 diabetes (T2D). PURPOSE: To determine if peri-training whey protein supplementation combined with MMIT can improve glycaemic control. METHODS: In a double-blind randomised controlled trial, 24 men (55...
August 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804009/effects-of-timing-of-whey-protein-intake-on-appetite-and-energy-intake-in-healthy-older-men
#17
Caroline Giezenaar, Zoé Coudert, Abdul Baqeri, Caroline Jensen, Trygve Hausken, Michael Horowitz, Ian Chapman, Stijn Soenen
BACKGROUND: Protein-rich supplements are used widely to prevent and manage malnutrition in older adults. We previously showed that 30 g whey protein ingestion, 3 hours before a buffet meal, suppressed energy intake in young, but not in older men. Information about the impact of the timing of ingestion of protein drinks on the suppression of energy intake in older adults is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of the timing of whey protein ingestion on appetite and subsequent ad libitum energy intake in healthy older men...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800398/a-13-week-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-low-glycemic-load-diet-and-lifestyle-modification-program-combining-low-glycemic-load-protein-shakes-and-targeted-nutraceuticals-improved-weight-loss-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-over-a-low-glycemic-load-diet-alone
#18
Clinton J Dahlberg, Joseph J Ou, John G Babish, Joseph J Lamb, Sarah Eliason, Holly Brabazon, Wei Gao, Mohan R Kaadige, Matthew L Tripp
An open label, randomized, exploratory study comprising 44 healthy, overweight subjects with cardio-metabolic syndrome (CMS) risk factors was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability and efficacy of a proprietary lifestyle modification program without (DIET) and with (PROG) targeted nutraceutical supplementation including soy, pea and whey proteins, phytosterols, antioxidants, probiotics, fish oil and berberine over 13-weeks. Key metrics were recorded at baseline, weeks 9 and 13. For DIET and PROG compliance was 85% and 86%, respectively, with no adverse events related to the diet or supplements...
August 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761664/glucose-lowering-effect-of-whey-protein-depends-upon-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Rogelio U Almario, Wendy M Buchan, David M Rocke, Sidika E Karakas
OBJECTIVE: Whey protein (WP) intake has been shown to reduce postprandial glycemia. Majority of WP research in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) involved acute challenge or weight loss studies. It is not known if WP supplementation can provide sustained glucose lowering. Our goal was to investigate the effects of WP on glycemia comprehensively by using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) while avoiding the confounding effects of variable food intake through controlled feeding. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This double-blinded and placebo (PL)-controlled study included 22 patients with T2DM patients (11 male, 11 female; age 57...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747330/effects-of-randomized-whey-protein-loads-on-energy-intake-appetite-gastric-emptying-and-plasma-gut-hormone-concentrations-in-older-men-and-women
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Caroline Giezenaar, Laurence G Trahair, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh, Trygve Hausken, Scott Standfield, Karen L Jones, Kylie Lange, Michael Horowitz, Ian Chapman, Stijn Soenen
Background: Protein- and energy-rich supplements are used widely for the management of malnutrition in the elderly. Information about the effects of protein on energy intake and related gastrointestinal mechanisms and whether these differ between men and women is limited.Objective: We determined the effects of whey protein on energy intake, appetite, gastric emptying, and gut hormones in healthy older men and women.Design: Eight older women and 8 older men [mean ± SEM age: 72 ± 1 y; body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 25 ± 1] were studied on 3 occasions in which they received protein loads of 30 g (120 kcal) or 70 g (280 kcal) or a flavored water control drink (0 kcal)...
September 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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