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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409598/stability-of-vitamin-b12-with-the-protection-of-whey-proteins-and-their-effects-on-the-gut-microbiome
#1
Huanhuan Wang, Yikai Shou, Xuan Zhu, Yuanyuan Xu, Lihua Shi, Shasha Xiang, Xiao Feng, Jianzhong Han
Cobalamin degrades in the presence of light and heat, which causes spectral changes and loss of coenzyme activity. In the presence of beta-lactoglobulin or alpha-lactalbumin, the thermal- and photostabilities of adenosylcobalamin (ADCBL) and cyanocobalamin (CNCBL) are increased by 10-30%. Similarly, the stabilities of ADCBL and CNCBL are increased in the presence of whey proteins by 19.7% and 2.2%, respectively, when tested in gastric juice for 2 h. Due to the limited absorption of cobalamin during digestion, excess cobalamin can enter the colon and modulate the gut microbiome...
March 15, 2019: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383283/dietary-arginine-supplementation-affects-intestinal-function-by-enhancing-antioxidant-capacity-of-a-nitric-oxide-independent-pathway-in-low-birth-weight-piglets
#2
Ping Zheng, Yi Song, Yihang Tian, Hao Zhang, Bing Yu, Jun He, Xiangbing Mao, Jie Yu, Yuheng Luo, Junqiu Luo, Zhiqing Huang, Gang Tian, Hong Chen, Daiwen Chen
Background: Low-birth-weight (LBW) neonates are susceptible to intestinal dysfunction. Furthermore, the antioxidant capacity of LBW neonates is significantly lower compared with that of normal-birth-weight (NBW) neonates both at birth and at weaning. In LBW neonates, dietary supplementation with arginine has shown beneficial effects on intestinal function. Objective: The present study explored the potential mechanisms of arginine-induced protective effects against intestinal dysfunction in LBW piglets...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358153/resistance-training-and-protein-supplementation-increase-strength-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jean-Michel Oppert, Alice Bellicha, Celina Roda, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Adriana Torcivia, Karine Clement, Christine Poitou, Cecile Ciangura
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity and dietary regimens to optimize health outcomes after bariatric surgery are not well known. This study aimed to determine whether resistance training with dietary protein supplementation is effective in maintaining body composition and physical fitness after obesity surgery. METHODS: Seventy-six women with obesity undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were randomly assigned at the time of surgery to receive either usual care (controls [CON], n = 22), usual care and additional (whey) protein intake (PRO, n = 31), or usual care, additional protein intake, and supervised strength training for 18 weeks (PRO+EX, n = 23)...
November 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30340819/oral-exposure-to-the-free-amino-acid-glycine-inhibits-the-acute-allergic-response-in-a-model-of-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-mice
#4
Jeroen van Bergenhenegouwen, Saskia Braber, Reinilde Loonstra, Nicole Buurman, Lieke Rutten, Karen Knipping, Paul J Savelkoul, Lucien F Harthoorn, Frode L Jahnsen, Johan Garssen, Anita Hartog
The conditionally essential amino acid glycine functions as inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. Moreover, it has been shown to act as an anti-inflammatory compound in animal models of ischemic perfusion, post-operative inflammation, periodontal disease, arthritis and obesity. Glycine acts by binding to a glycine-gated chloride channel, which has been demonstrated on neurons and immune cells, including macrophages, polymorphonuclear neutrophils and lymphocytes. The present study aims to evaluate the effect of glycine on allergy development in a cow's milk allergy model...
October 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322051/bovine-milk-oligosaccharides-with-sialyllactose-for-preterm-piglets
#5
Karina Obelitz-Ryom, Amalie Katrine Rendboe, Duc Ninh Nguyen, Silvia Rudloff, Anne Bladt Brandt, Dennis Sandris Nielsen, Anne Birgitte Heckmann, Maciej Chichlowski, Per Torp Sangild, Thomas Thymann, Stine Brandt Bering
Oligosaccharides support gut development and bacterial colonization in term infants, but it is unknown if they benefit preterm infants. Using preterm pigs, we investigated effects of bovine milk supplements enriched with oligosaccharides to improve gut development and colonization. Caesarean-delivered preterm pigs (n = 57) were reared for 19 days. The pigs were fed bovine milk supplemented with an oligosaccharide-enriched whey containing sialyllactose, or a heterogeneous oligosaccharide ingredient. To evaluate the influence of artificial rearing, near-term, vaginally born pigs raised by their sow (n = 12) were compared with artificially reared, caesarean-delivered near-term pigs (n = 14)...
October 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319437/a-moderate-supplementation-of-native-whey-protein-promotes-better-muscle-training-and-recovery-adaptations-than-standard-whey-protein-a-12-week-electrical-stimulation-and-plyometrics-training-study
#6
Sebastian Garcia-Vicencio, Sébastien Ratel, Céline Gryson, Aurélie Masgrau, Enzo Piponnier, Jacqueline Brasy, Pascale Le Ruyet, Marion Bucas, Nicolas Barachon, Victoire Visseaux, Yann Connan, Florence Montel, Clément Lahaye, Yves Boirie, Vincent Martin
The purpose of this study was to assess if native whey protein (NW) supplementation could promote recovery and training adaptations after an electrostimulation (ES) training program combined to plyometrics training. Participants were allocated into three groups, supplemented 5 days/week, either with 15 g of carbohydrates + 15 g of NW ( n = 17), 15 g of carbohydrates + 15 g of standard whey protein (SW; n = 15), or placebo (PLA; 30 g of carbohydrates; n = 10), while undergoing a 12-week ES training program of the knee extensors...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306546/dietary-modifications-for-infantile-colic
#7
REVIEW
Morris Gordon, Elena Biagioli, Miriam Sorrenti, Carla Lingua, Lorenzo Moja, Shel Sc Banks, Simone Ceratto, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is typically defined as full-force crying for at least three hours per day, on at least three days per week, for at least three weeks. This condition appears to be more frequent in the first six weeks of life (prevalence range of 17% to 25%), depending on the specific location reported and definitions used, and it usually resolves by three months of age. The aetiopathogenesis of infantile colic is unclear but most likely multifactorial. A number of psychological, behavioural and biological components (food hypersensitivity, allergy or both; gut microflora and dysmotility) are thought to contribute to its manifestation...
October 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289425/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-impact-of-protein-supplementation-on-leg-lean-mass-and-integrated-muscle-protein-synthesis-during-inactivity-and-energy-restriction-in-older-persons
#8
Sara Y Oikawa, Chris McGlory, Lisa K D'Souza, Adrienne K Morgan, Nelson I Saddler, Steven K Baker, Gianni Parise, Stuart M Phillips
Background: In older persons, muscle loss is accelerated during physical inactivity and hypoenergetic states, both of which are features of hospitalization. Protein supplementation may represent a strategy to offset the loss of muscle during inactivity, and enhance recovery on resumption of activity. Objective: We aimed to determine if protein supplementation, with proteins of substantially different quality, would alleviate the loss of lean mass by augmenting muscle protein synthesis (MPS) while inactive during a hypoenergetic state...
October 4, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30285802/dietary-supplement-use-among-undergraduate-male-students-in-health-and-non-health-cluster-colleges-of-a-public-sector-university-in-dammam-saudi-arabia
#9
Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Abdullah Abdul Wahid Elewi, Ayman Hussain AlAwa, Moayed Jafar Alasiri
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplements (DS) are nutraceuticals that improve overall health and well-being of an individual as well as reduce the risk of diseases. Evidence indicates a rising prevalence of these products worldwide especially among college students. Studies have reported an increasing use of supplements among Saudi students. However, the scope of those researches was limited to prevalence data. Hence, the aim of our study was to document the prevalence, opinions, attitudes, reasons for use and monthly cost attributed to dietary supplement use...
October 1, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258413/whey-protein-isolate-supplemented-beverage-fermented-by-lactobacillus-casei-bl23-and-propionibacterium-freudenreichii-138-in-the-prevention-of-mucositis-in-mice
#10
Bárbara F Cordeiro, Emiliano R Oliveira, Sara H da Silva, Bruna M Savassi, Leonardo B Acurcio, Luisa Lemos, Juliana de L Alves, Helder Carvalho Assis, Angélica T Vieira, Ana M C Faria, Enio Ferreira, Yves Le Loir, Gwénaël Jan, Luiz R Goulart, Vasco Azevedo, Rodrigo D de O Carvalho, Fillipe L R do Carmo
Mucositis is a clinically important gastrointestinal inflammatory infirmity, generated by antineoplastic drugs cytotoxic effects. The inflammatory process caused by this disease frequently leads to derangements in the alimentary tract and great malaise for the patient. Novel strategies are necessary for its prevention or treatment, as currently available treatments of mucositis have several limitations in relieving its symptoms. In this context, several research groups have investigated the use of probiotic bacteria, and in particular dairy bacterial strains...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257402/effects-of-whey-protein-and-conjugated-linoleic-acid-on-acrolein-induced-cardiac-oxidative-stress-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-dyslipidemia-in-rats
#11
Birsen Aydın, Zülal Atlı Şekeroğlu, Vedat Şekeroğlu
Acrolein is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant. Whey protein and conjugated linoleic acid are widely used weight-loss supplements. We aimed to evaluate blood lipid profiles, oxidative stress and mitochondrial bioenergetics function in hearts of rats treated with acrolein and/or the weight-loss supplements. The animals were orally gavaged with acrolein, whey protein, conjugated linoleic acid, acrolein + whey protein or acrolein + conjugated linoleic acid for six days per week during 30 days. Acrolein caused dyslipidemia and oxidative stress in red blood cells and haert mitochondria...
November 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255024/effects-of-graded-whey-supplementation-during-extreme-volume-resistance-training
#12
Cody T Haun, Christopher G Vann, Christopher B Mobley, Paul A Roberson, Shelby C Osburn, Hudson M Holmes, Petey M Mumford, Matthew A Romero, Kaelin C Young, Jordan R Moon, L Bruce Gladden, Robert D Arnold, Michael A Israetel, Annie N Kirby, Michael D Roberts
We examined hypertrophic outcomes of weekly graded whey protein dosing (GWP) vs. whey protein (WP) or maltodextrin (MALTO) dosed once daily during 6 weeks of high-volume resistance training (RT). College-aged resistance-trained males (training age = 5 ± 3 years; mean ± SD) performed 6 weeks of RT wherein frequency was 3 d/week and each session involved 2 upper- and 2 lower-body exercises (10 repetitions/set). Volume increased from 10 sets/exercise (week 1) to 32 sets/exercise (week 6), which is the highest volume investigated in this timeframe...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248987/ingestion-of-insect-protein-isolate-enhances-blood-amino-acid-concentrations-similar-to-soy-protein-in-a-human-trial
#13
Mathias T Vangsoe, Rebekka Thogersen, Hanne C Bertram, Lars-Henrik L Heckmann, Mette Hansen
BACKGROUND: Increased amino acid availability stimulates muscle protein synthesis (MPS), which is critical for maintaining or increasing muscle mass when combined with training. Previous research suggests that whey protein is superior to soy protein in regard to stimulating MPS and muscle mass. Nevertheless, with respect to a future lack of dietary protein and an increasing need for using eco-friendly protein sources it is of great interest to investigate the quality of alternative protein sources, like insect protein...
September 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241407/review-of-the-clinical-experiences-of-feeding-infants-formula-containing-the-human-milk-oligosaccharide-2-fucosyllactose
#14
REVIEW
Elizabeth J Reverri, Amy A Devitt, Janice A Kajzer, Geraldine E Baggs, Marlene W Borschel
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are the third most abundant solid component in human milk after lactose and lipids. Preclinical research has demonstrated that HMOs and specifically 2'-fucosyllactose (2'-FL) are more than a prebiotic and have multiple functions, including immune, gut, and cognition benefits. Previously, human milk has been the only source for significant levels of HMOs. The most abundant HMO in most mothers' breast milk is 2'-FL. Recently, 2'-FL has been synthesized and shown to be structurally identical to the 2'-FL found in human milk...
September 21, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238798/maximizing-recovery-and-growth-when-treating-moderate-acute-malnutrition-with-whey-containing-supplements
#15
Heather Stobaugh
BACKGROUND: Much debate exists about the utility of dairy ingredients in the supplementary foods used to treat childhood moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence regarding the effectiveness of dairy-containing supplements, particularly specially formulated foods containing whey permeate and whey protein concentrate, in treating children with MAM. METHODS: A summary of a conference presentation regarding an overview of current evidence behind the use of whey in supplementary foods, including results of a randomized double-blinded clinical effectiveness trial involving 2259 Malawian children treated for MAM using either a soy ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) or a novel whey RUSF treatment...
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181493/lactoferrin-a-critical-player-in-neonatal-host-defense
#16
REVIEW
Sucheta Telang
Newborn infants are at a high risk for infection due to an under-developed immune system, and human milk has been shown to exhibit substantial anti-infective properties that serve to bolster neonatal defenses against multiple infections. Lactoferrin is the dominant whey protein in human milk and has been demonstrated to perform a wide array of antimicrobial and immunomodulatory functions and play a critical role in protecting the newborn infant from infection. This review summarizes data describing the structure and important functions performed by lactoferrin in protecting the neonate from infection and contributing to the maturation of the newborn innate and adaptive immune systems...
September 4, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166185/evaluation-of-five-commercial-non-saccharomyces-yeasts-in-fermentation-of-soy-tofu-whey-into-an-alcoholic-beverage
#17
Jian-Yong Chua, Yuyun Lu, Shao-Quan Liu
Soy (tofu) whey is a nutritious liquid substrate that is often discarded by tofu manufacturers. Recent research has shown that tofu whey can be converted into a soy alcoholic beverage using Saccharomyces yeasts. In this study, five commercially available non-Saccharomyces yeasts (Torulaspora delbrueckii; Lachancea thermotolerans; Metschnikowia pulcherrima; Pichia kluyveri and Williopsis saturnus) were evaluated in tofu whey fermentation and each of the yeasts showed different growth kinetics and fermentation performance...
December 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165581/the-role-of-whey-on-the-performance-and-campylobacteriosis-in-broiler-chicks
#18
V Tsiouris, E Economou, T Lazou, I Georgopoulou, E Sossidou
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the whey on broiler chicks' performance, welfare, and caecal Campylobacter counts under experimental and field conditions. In the experimental study, 120-d-old broiler chicks were randomly allocated to four treatment groups, as described below: group A, which served as negative control; group B, fed with a diet supplemented with 1% whey; group C, challenged with Campylobacter jejuni; and group D, supplemented with 1% whey and challenged with C...
August 27, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157103/no-difference-between-spray-dried-milk-and-native-whey-supplementation-with-strength-training
#19
Håvard Hamarsland, Vilde Handegard, Mauritz Kåshagen, Haakon B Benestad, Truls Raastad
BACKGROUND: A rapid digestibility and high leucine content are considered important for maximal stimulation of muscle protein synthesis. Consequently, with these properties, native whey may hold greater anabolic potential than milk, when supplemented in combination with strength training. Our aim was to compare the effects of supplementation with milk or native whey, during a 12-week strength training period, on gains in muscle mass and strength in young adults. METHODS: In this double-blinded, randomized, controlled study a total of 40 untrained young men and women received two daily servings of either milk or native whey containing 20 g of protein, during a 12-week strength training intervention...
August 28, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154356/whey-protein-concentrate-wpc-80-intensifies-glycoconjugate-catabolism-and-induces-oxidative-stress-in-the-liver-of-rats
#20
Marta Żebrowska-Gamdzyk, Mateusz Maciejczyk, Anna Zalewska, Katarzyna Guzińska-Ustymowicz, Anna Tokajuk, Halina Car
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of whey protein concentrate (WPC-80) on glycoconjugate catabolism, selected markers of oxidative stress and liver inflammation. The experiment was conducted on male Wistar rats ( n = 63). The animals from the study group were administered WPC-80 at a dose of 0.3 or 0.5 g/kg body weight for 7, 14 or 21 days, while rats from the control group received only 0.9% NaCl. In liver homogenates, we assayed the activity of N-acetyl-β-D-hexosaminidase (HEX), β-glucuronidase (GLU), β-galactosidase (GAL), α-mannosidase (MAN), α-fucosidase (FUC), as well as the level of reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)...
August 28, 2018: Nutrients
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