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Pravin J Mishra, Debabrata Banerjee
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells and exhibit two main characteristics that define stem cells: self-renewal and differentiation. MSCs can migrate to sites of injury, inflammation, and tumor. Moreover, MSCs undergo myofibroblast like differentiation, including increased production of α-SMA in response to transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a growth factor commonly secreted by tumor cells to evade immune surveillance. Based on our previous finding hMSCs become activated and resemble carcinoma-associated myofibroblasts upon prolonged exposure to conditioned medium from MDAMB231 human breast cancer cells...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Hudhaifah Shaker, Hannah Harrison, Robert Clarke, Goran Landberg, Nigel J Bundred, Henri H Versteeg, Cliona C Kirwan
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subpopulation of cells that can self-renew and initiate tumours. The clotting-initiating protein Tissue Factor (TF) promotes metastasis and may be overexpressed in cancer cells with increased CSC activity. We sought to determine whether TF promotes breast CSC activity in vitro using human breast cancer cell lines. TF expression was compared in anoikis-resistant (CSC-enriched) and unselected cells. In cells sorted into of TF-expressing and TF-negative (FACS), and in cells transfected to knockdown TF (siRNA) and overexpress TF (cDNA), CSC activity was compared by (i) mammosphere forming efficiency (MFE) (ii) holoclone colony formation (Hc) and (iii) ALDH1 activity...
December 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Bridget T Kreger, Eric R Johansen, Richard A Cerione, Marc A Antonyak
The generation and release of membrane-enclosed packets from cancer cells, called extracellular vesicles (EVs), play important roles in propagating transformed phenotypes, including promoting cell survival. EVs mediate their effects by transferring their contents, which include specific proteins and nucleic acids, to target cells. However, how the cargo and function of EVs change in response to different stimuli remains unclear. Here, we discovered that treating highly aggressive MDAMB231 breast cancer cells with paclitaxel (PTX), a chemotherapy that stabilizes microtubules, causes them to generate a specific class of EV, namely exosomes, that are highly enriched with the cell survival protein and cancer marker, Survivin...
December 9, 2016: Cancers
Kirtee Wani, Nilesh Shah, Asmita Prabhune, Arun Jadhav, Prabhakar Ranjekar, Ruchika Kaul-Ghanekar
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed among women and is the second leading cause of cancer death. Homeopathic medicines are part of the alternative medicines that are given as a supportive therapy in breast cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate the anticancer activity of commercially available homeopathic preparations of Terminalia chebula (TC) and evaluate their nanoparticulate nature. METHODS: Mother tincture (MT) and other homeopathic preparations (3X, 6C and 30C) of TC were tested for their effect on the viability of breast cancer (MDAMB231 and MCF7) and non-cancerous (HEK 293) cell lines by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
November 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Séverine Mollard, Raphaelle Fanciullino, Sarah Giacometti, Cindy Serdjebi, Sebastien Benzekry, Joseph Ciccolini
This study aimed at evaluating the reliability and precision of Diffuse Luminescent Imaging Tomography (DLIT) for monitoring primary tumor and metastatic spreading in breast cancer mice, and to develop a biomathematical model to describe the collected data. Using orthotopic mammary fat pad model of breast cancer (MDAMB231-Luc) in mice, we monitored tumor and metastatic spreading by three-dimensional (3D) bioluminescence and cross-validated it with standard bioluminescence imaging, caliper measurement and necropsy examination...
November 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
Vijesh J Bhute, Yan Ma, Xiaoping Bao, Sean P Palecek
Breast tumors are characterized into subtypes based on their surface marker expression, which affects their prognosis and treatment. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors have shown promising results in clinical trials, both as single agents and in combination with other chemotherapeutics, in several subtypes of breast cancer patients. Here, we used NMR-based metabolomics to probe cell line-specific effects of the PARP inhibitor Veliparib and radiation on metabolism in three breast cancer cell lines...
November 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
P Gómez-Contreras, J M Ramiro-Díaz, A Sierra, C Stipp, F E Domann, R J Weigel, G Lal
ECM1 overexpression is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in primary breast carcinomas, however the mechanisms by which ECM1 affects tumor progression have not been completely elucidated. ECM1 was silenced in the triple-negative breast cancer cell lines Hs578T and MDAMB231 using siRNA and the cells were evaluated for changes in morphology, migration, invasion and adhesion. Actin cytoskeleton alterations were evaluated by fluorescent staining and levels of activated Rho GTPases by pull down assays. ECM1 downregulation led to significantly diminished cell migration (p = 0...
January 2017: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Luciana G Naso, Iker Badiola, Joana Marquez Clavijo, María Valcarcel, Clarisa Salado, Evelina G Ferrer, Patricia A M Williams
The anticancer and antimetastatic behavior of the flavonoid luteolin and its oxidovanadium(IV) complex [VO(lut)(H2O)2]Na·3H2O (VOlut) has been investigated. Considering that the complex displayed strong anticancer activity on MDAMB231 human breast cancer cell line we herein determined through in vitro assays that the complex would probably reduce breast cancer cell metastasis in a higher extent than the natural antioxidant. In the CT26 colon cancer cell line a stronger anticancer effect has also been determined for the complex (IC50 0...
September 24, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Nuno Mendes, Francisco Tortosa, Andreia Valente, Fernanda Marques, António Matos, Tânia S Morais, Ana Isabel Tomaz, Fátima Gärtner, M Helena Garcia
BACKGROUND: Ruthenium-based anti-cancer compounds are proposed as viable alternatives that might circumvent the disadvantages of platinum-based drugs, the only metallodrugs in clinical use for chemotherapy. Organometallic complexes in particular hold great potential as alternative therapeutic agents since their cytotoxicity involves different modes of action and present reduced toxicity profiles. OBJECTIVE: During the last few years our research group has been reporting on a series of organometallic ruthenium(II)- cyclopentadienyl complexes with important cytotoxicity against several cancer cell lines, surpassing cisplatin in activity...
2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Rashmi Holur Kadirareddy, Sujana Ghanta Vemuri, Uma Maheswari Devi Palempalli
Conjugated linoleic acid, a functional lipid, produced from Lactobacillus plantarum (LPCLA), has been demonstrated to possess apoptotic activity. The antiproliferative and apoptotic potential of LPCLA was here evaluated in vitro using the MDAMB231 human breast cancer cell line as a model system. Proliferation of MDA MB231 cells was inhibited with increasing concentrations of LPCLA with altered morphological features like cell detachment, rounding of cells and oligonucleosomal fragmentation of DNA. Flow cytometry confirmed the apoptotic potential of LPCLA by ANNEXIN V/PI double staining...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
JeongHee Lee, Hana Jin, Won Sup Lee, Arulkumar Nagappan, Yung Hyun Choi, Gon Sup Kim, JinMyung Jung, Chung Ho Ryu, Sung Chul Shin, Soon Chan Hong, Hye Jung Kim
Morin, a flavonoid found in figs and other Moraceae species, displays a variety of biological actions, exerting antioxidant, antiinflammatory and anticarcinogenic effects. Here, we investigated the anticancer activity of morin focusing on antiadhesive influence. We performed experiments with MDAMB231 human breast cancer cells. Morin inhibited TNFinduced cancer cell adhesion to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) without showing any toxicity. It further inhibited the expression of VCAM1 on MDAMB231 cells as well as HUVECs...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Siti Nur Hasyila Muhammad, Noor Fatmawati Mokhtar, Nik Soriani Yaacob
Reports indicate that 15deoxydelta12,14prostaglandinJ2 (15dPGJ2) has anticancer activities, but its mechanisms of action have yet to be fully elucidated. We therefore investigated the effects of 15dPGJ2 on the human breast cancer cell lines, MCF7 (estrogen receptor ERα+/ERβ+) and MDAMB231 (ERα/ERβ+). Cellular proliferation and cytotoxicity were determined using the 3(4,5dimethylthiazol2yl)2,5diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assays while apoptosis was determined by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry using annexin Vpropidium iodide (PI) staining...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Wojciech G Lesniak, Samit Chatterjee, Matthew Gabrielson, Ala Lisok, Bryan Wharram, Martin G Pomper, Sridhar Nimmagadda
The programmed death protein 1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) pair is a major immune checkpoint pathway exploited by cancer cells to develop and maintain immune tolerance. With recent approvals of anti-PD-1 and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies, there is an urgent need for noninvasive detection methods to quantify dynamic PD-L1 expression in tumors and to evaluate the tumor response to immune modulation therapies. To address this need, we assessed [(64)Cu]atezolizumab for the detection of PD-L1 expression in tumors...
September 21, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Bridget T Kreger, Andrew L Dougherty, Kai Su Greene, Richard A Cerione, Marc A Antonyak
Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes and microvesicles (MVs), have emerged as a major form of intercellular communication, playing important roles in several physiological processes and diseases, including cancer. EVs generated by cancer cells contain a variety of proteins and RNA species that can be transferred between cancer cells as well as between cancer and non-transformed (normal) cells, thereby impacting a number of aspects of cancer progression. Here we show how oncogenic transformation influences the biogenesis and function of EVs using a mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cell line that can be induced to express an oncogenic form of diffuse B cell lymphoma (Dbl)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Luciana Naso, Valeria R Martínez, Luis Lezama, Clarisa Salado, María Valcarcel, Evelina G Ferrer, Patricia A M Williams
The natural antioxidant flavonoid diosmin, found in citric fruits, showed low antioxidant properties among other flavonoids due to its structural characteristics and low cytotoxicity against lung (A549) and breast (T47D, SKBR3 and MDAMB231) cancer cell lines. The anticancer behavior has been improved by the metal complex generated with the flavonoid and the oxidovanadium(IV) ion. This new complex, [VO(dios)(OH)3]Na5·6H2O (VOdios), has been synthesized and characterized both in solid and solution states. The interaction of the metal ion through the sugar moiety of diosmin precluded the improvement of the antioxidant effects...
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
C Fourgeaud, S Derieux, S Mirshahi, S Besbes, J Chidiac, I Mahé, G Contant, M Pocard, J Soria, M Mirshahi
INTRODUCTION: Gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (GSRC) is a distinct entity among of other gastric cancer. With unknown etiopathology, their incidence is increasing and it presents a low sensitivity to chemotherapy. AIM: Here, we studied the expression of the heparanase (HPA) in cancer tissues from GSRC patients and several cancer cell lines. HPA is an endo-β-D-glucuronidase, capable of cleaving the lateral chains of heparan sulfate on cell surfaces and the extracellular matrix at acidic pH...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
H Shaker, A S Rothmeier, C C Kirwan, W Ruf
INTRODUCTION: Tissue Factor (TF) promotes apoptosis-resistance and facilitates haematogenous metastasis. Cancer cells release TF-bearing microparticles (TF-MP) which have pro-coagulant activity. TF-MPs from cancer cells induce increase in TF expression and procoagulant activity of recipient endothelial cells. Drug resistance microparticles transfer between cancer cells, resulting in induction of recipient cell drug resistance, however transfer of TF-MPs between cancer cells has not been demonstrated...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
Célia Fernandes, Sofia Monteiro, Ana Belchior, Fernanda Marques, Lurdes Gano, João D G Correia, Isabel Santos
INTRODUCTION: Radiolabeled bisphosphonates (BPs) have been used for bone imaging and delivery of β(-) emitting radionuclides for bone pain palliation. As a β(-) emitter, (188)Re has been considered particularly promising for bone metastases therapy. Aimed at finding innovative bone-seeking agents for systemic radiotherapy of bone metastases, we describe herein novel organometallic compounds of the type fac-[(188)Re(CO)3(k(3)-L)], (L=BP-containing chelator), their in vitro and in vivo stability, and their cellular damage in MDAMB231 cells, a metastatic breast cancer cell line...
February 2016: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Samit Chatterjee, Wojciech G Lesniak, Matthew Gabrielson, Ala Lisok, Bryan Wharram, Polina Sysa-Shah, Babak Behnam Azad, Martin G Pomper, Sridhar Nimmagadda
Antibodies targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint lead to tumor regression and improved survival in several cancers. PD-L1 expression in tumors may be predictive of response to checkpoint blockade therapy. Because tissue samples might not always be available to guide therapy, we developed and evaluated a humanized antibody for non-invasive imaging of PD-L1 expression in tumors. Radiolabeled [111In]PD-L1-mAb and near-infrared dye conjugated NIR-PD-L1-mAb imaging agents were developed using the mouse and human cross-reactive PD-L1 antibody MPDL3280A...
March 1, 2016: Oncotarget
Luciana G Naso, Luis Lezama, María Valcarcel, Clarisa Salado, Patricia Villacé, Danel Kortazar, Evelina G Ferrer, Patricia A M Williams
Chemotherapy using metal coordination compounds for cancer treatment is the work of the ongoing research. Continuing our research on the improvement of the anticancer activity of natural flavonoids by metal complexation, a coordination compound of the natural antioxidant flavone luteolin (lut) and the oxidovanadium(IV) cation has been synthesized and characterized. Using different physicochemical measurements some structural aspects of [VO(lut)(H2O)2]Na·3H2O (VOlut) were determined. The metal coordinated to two cis-deprotonated oxygen atoms (ArO(-)) of the ligand and two H2O molecules...
April 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
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