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Bryan Josue Flores Robles, Beatriz Brea Álvarez, Abel Alejandro Sanabria Sanchinel, Robert Francis Andrus, María Espinosa Malpartida, Consuelo Ramos Giráldez, Ana Lerma Verdejo, Carolina Merino Argumanez, Jose Antonio Pérez Pimiento, Camen Bellas Menéndez, Luis Fernando Villa Alcázar, José Luis Andréu Sánchez, Mercedes Jiménez Palop, Hildegarda Godoy Tundidor, José Campos Esteban, Jesús Sanz Sanz, Carmen Barbadillo Mateos, Carlos María Isasi Zaragoza, Juan Bartolomé Mulero Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Sialodochitis fibrinosa is a rare disease which is characterized by recurring episodes of pain and swelling of the salivary glands due to the formation of mucofibrinous plugs. Analytic studies ascertain elevated levels of eosinophils and immunoglobulin E (IgE). Imaging studies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and sialography reveal dilation of the main salivary duct (duct ectasia). Treatment is initially supportive, consisting of compressive massages, and use of antihistamines and/or corticosteroids...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hirono Satokawa, Takashi Yamaki, Hirohide Iwata, Masahiro Sakata, Norihide Sugano, Toshiya Nishibe, Makoto Mo, Norikazu Yamada, Takehisa Iwai
Purpose: This study aimed at clarifying the changes in treatments for primary varicose veins in Japan. Methods: A questionnaire was mailed to the members of the Japanese Society of Phlebology. The contents of the survey covered the treatment and treatment strategy of varicose vein cases in 2013. The results were examined and compared with the results of previous surveys conducted by the aforesaid society in 1998, 2004 and 2009. Results: Of 36078 patients, 43958 limbs were reported from 201 institutions. Saphenous type was the most common type of varicose veins that developed in patients aged 70-79 years...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Stefan Nydahl
Modern management of varicose veins Chronic venous disease is a common medical condition and occurs in about one-third of the adult population. Reflux, and to a much lesser extent obstruction of the superficial and deep venous systems, generates venous hypertension. The goal of the treatment is to reduce venous hypertension in order to prevent complications, progression of venous disease and to improve patients' quality of life. Today we have a wide spectrum of different treatment options at our disposal. Management is based upon accurate clinical diagnosis and duplex imaging...
October 4, 2016: Läkartidningen
Onder Canguven, Raidh A Talib, Walid El-Ansari, Ahmed Shamsoddini, Mahmoud Salman, Abdulla Al-Ansari
BACKGROUND: Late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) presents with low serum testosterone (TT) levels and sexual and nonsexual symptoms. Erectile dysfunction affects a man's self-esteem and as a result partner relationship and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the andrological clinical profile outcomes of testosterone therapy (TTh) in men (n = 88) with symptomatic LOH complaints and symptoms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Erectile function was assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function-5 questionnaire at baseline and at 6 and 12 months of TTh...
October 1, 2016: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Omar Rodriguez-Acevedo, Kristen E Elstner, Kui Martinic, Aaron Zea, Jenny Diaz, Rodrigo T Martins, Fernando Arduini, Alexandra Hodgkinson, Nabeel Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Endovenous radio frequency ablation for small saphenous vein incompetence by and large appears to be superior and safer than conventional open surgery. Small saphenous vein ablation from approximately mid-calf to the point proximally where the small saphenous vein dives into the popliteal fossa is considered to be safe, as the sural nerve is in most cases separated from this segment of the small saphenous vein by the deep fascia. The outcome of the distal incompetent small saphenous vein remains unclear...
September 29, 2016: Phlebology
Mark B Taylor, Lisa Zaleski-Larsen, Timothy A McGraw
BACKGROUND: Successful treatment of acne scars is challenging. Many modalities have been used with marginal success. OBJECTIVE: The authors describe a combination of a superficial chemical peel, subcision, and fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser resurfacing in a single-treatment session as a novel treatment approach for rolling acne scars. METHODS: A total of 114 patients (75 women and 39 men) with predominantly rolling acne scars were treated with a 20% trichloracetic acid chemical peel, subcision with a novel dissecting instrument, and the CO2 laser under tumescent anesthesia...
September 14, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Yarah M Haidar, Sartaaj Walia, Ronald Sahyouni, Yaser Ghavami, Harrison W Lin, Hamid R Djalilian
Split-thickness skin graft (STSG) continues to be the preferred means of external auditory canal (EAC) reconstruction. We thus sought to describe our experience using skin from the posterior aspect of the auricle (SPAA) as a donor site in EAC reconstruction. Grafts were, on average, 5 × 10 mm in size and obtained with a No. 10 blade after tumescence injection. The cases of 39 patients who underwent 41 procedures were retrospectively reviewed. Of the 38 patients with both 3- and 6-month follow-ups, no postoperative stenosis or bony exposure occurred...
September 13, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Joshua J Goldman, Wei Z Wang, Xin-Hua Fang, Shelley J Williams, Richard C Baynosa
BACKGROUND: Our previous study demonstrated that lidocaine has a negative impact on adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) survival. Currently for large-volume liposuction, patients often undergo general anesthesia; therefore, lidocaine subcutaneous anesthesia is nonessential. We hypothesized that removing lidocaine from tumescent might improve stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and ASC survival from the standard tumescent with lidocaine. Ropivacaine is also a commonly used local anesthetic. The effect of ropivacaine on ASC survival was examined...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
B Ji, X-B Jin
We conducted this prospective comparative study to examine the hypothesis that varicocele was associated with hypogonadism and impaired erectile function as reflected in International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) scores as well as nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity (NPTR) parameters. From December 2014 to December 2015, a total of 130 males with varicocele complaining of infertility or scrotal discomfort and 130 age-matched healthy males chosen from volunteer healthy hospital staff as controls were recruited in this study...
September 5, 2016: Andrologia
Ilknur Keskin, Mustafa Sutcu, Hilal Eren, Mustafa Keskin
BACKGROUND: Lidocaine and epinephrine could potentially decrease adipocyte viability, but these effects have not been substantiated. The phosphorylation status of perilipin in adipocytes may be predictive of cell viability. Perilipin coats lipid droplets and restricts access of lipases; phospho-perilipin lacks this protective function. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated the effects of tumescent solution containing lidocaine and epinephrine on the phosphorylation status of perilipin in adipocytes...
September 2, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Alexandra Condé-Green, Vasanth Kotamarti, Kevin T Nini, Philip D Wey, Naveen K Ahuja, Mark S Granick, Edward S Lee
BACKGROUND: With the increasing demand for gluteal fat augmentation, reports of fatal complications have surfaced. Therefore, the authors proposed to analyze the published techniques and compare different protocols, to identify those of potential concern. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed with a search of 21 terms on the PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Scientific Electronic Library Online databases. Nineteen articles meeting our predetermined criteria were analyzed, and data from the different steps of the procedure were classified, allowing evaluation and comparison of techniques...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Clement C M Leung, Daniel Carradice, Tom Wallace, Ian C Chetter
BACKGROUND: Endovenous thermal techniques, such as endovenous laser ablation (EVLA), are the recommended treatment for truncal varicose veins. However, a disadvantage of thermal techniques is that it requires the administration of tumescent anaesthesia, which can be uncomfortable. Non-thermal, non-tumescent techniques, such as mechanochemical ablation (MOCA) have potential benefits. MOCA combines physical damage to endothelium using a rotating wire, with the infusion of a liquid sclerosant...
2016: Trials
Marissa L Gredler
An intromittent phallus is used for sperm transfer in most amniote taxa; however, there is extensive variation in external genital morphology within and among the major amniote clades. Amniote phalluses vary in number (paired, single, or rudimentary), spermatic canal morphology (closed tube or open sulcus), and mode of transition between resting and tumescent states (inflation, rotation, eversion, or muscle relaxation). In a phylogenetic context, these varying adult anatomies preclude a clear interpretation for the evolutionary history of amniote external genitalia; as such, multiple hypotheses have been presented for the origin(s) of the amniote phallus...
October 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
Dariush Nikkhah, Amir H Sadr, Mohammed Ali Akhavani
Technical steps to avoid incomplete proximal release of the carpal tunnel are described. Local anaesthesia is infiltrated as a subcutaneous bleb over the distal wrist crease and extending 2-3 cm over the forearm fascia. Tumescence of local anaesthesia into the subcutaneous plane helps create a pocket between the forearm fascia and subcutaneous tissues. Intraoperatively a subcutaneous pocket is made above the transverse carpal ligament and antebrachial fascia with blunt dissection. A retractor is placed under the pocket, which facilitates optimal visualization to allow reliable complete proximal release of compression...
June 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
S Y Jeong, T R Kwon, J Seok, K Y Park, B J Kim
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The growing demand for a youthful appearance, including a favorable body shape, has motivated recent developments in noninvasive body contouring techniques. Our aim was to investigate the efficacy and safety of a new version of a 4D handpiece-mounted cooling device for cryolipolysis with or without tumescent injections. METHODS: We conducted a side-by-side comparative study using two female porcine models. Two areas of each pig's left abdomen were treated using a conventional device and the new cooling device, and two areas of the right abdomen were also treated using the conventional and new cooling device, but both were combined with tumescent-solution injections...
July 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
Ali İhsan Tekin, Osman Nuri Tuncer, Mehmet Erdem Mehmetoğlu, Ümit Arslan, Ahmet Öztekin, Bayram Yağmur, Mahmut Biçer, Rıfat Özmen
METHODS: This is a single center prospective study of treatment of great saphenous vein incompatence in 62 patients with vein sealing system (Biolas VariClose(®) FG Group TURKEY) All cases were implemented under local anesthesia.Tumescent anesthesia was not required. Patients were not given any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug postoperatively only adviced to wear elastic bandages for one day and compression stockings was not offered. RESULTS: Treatment success was defined as complate occlussion of treated vein or recanalized segment shorter than 5 cm...
July 12, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Chun-Ye Chen, Min-Xia Zhang, Chun-Lan Huang, Qing-Qing Fang, Xiao-Wei Wang, Ji-Hua Xu, Chang-Qian Bao, Zi-Meng Xu, Wei-Qiang Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Mustafa Tok, Oktay Tüydeş, Ahmet Yüksel, Sefa Şenol, Serkan Akarsu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to present early-term outcomes of VariClose® Vein Sealing System, which is a novel, non-thermal, and non-tumescent percutaneous embolization technique for treatment of saphenous vein insufficiency. METHODS: Between March 2014 and July 2015, 189 saphenous veins in 141 patients were treated with Variclose Vein Sealing System containing n-butyl cyanoacrylate. Pre-, intra-, post-procedural, and follow-up data of patients were collected and retrospectively reviewed...
2016: Heart Surgery Forum
Cory A Donovan, Attiya P Harit, Alice Chung, Jean Bao, Armando E Giuliano, Farin Amersi
BACKGROUND: While nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) for the treatment of breast cancer is becoming more accepted, technical aspects are still evolving. Data regarding risk factors contributing to complications after NSM are limited. This study evaluated technical aspects on outcomes of NSM. METHODS: Review of our database identified 201 patients who had NSM during the period from January 2012 to June 2015. We compared the effect of operative techniques on surgical outcomes...
October 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Adrian Lim, Anthea Mulcahy
BACKGROUND: The hands are an important aesthetic feature that can reveal aging through surface pigmentary changes, loss of skin thickness and ectatic dorsal hand veins. Techniques addressing these changes already exists but are not routinely combined for optimum results. OBJECTIVE: The combination techniques of dorsal hand veins sclerotherapy and sub-dermal filler injections are described. METHODS: The dorsal hand veins are treated with sclerotherapy (0...
June 24, 2016: Phlebology
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