keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

artificial grass

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732403/ecosystem-service-trade-offs-and-their-influencing-factors-a-case-study-in-the-loess-plateau-of-china
#1
Qiang Feng, Wenwu Zhao, Bojie Fu, Jingyi Ding, Shuai Wang
Soil erosion control (SEC), carbon sequestration (CAS), and soil moisture (SMO) strongly interact in the semi-arid Loess Plateau. Since SMO has supportive effects on SEC and CAS, it can be considered as ecosystem service (ES), and there is an immediate need to coordinate the relationships among these ecosystem services (ESs) to promote the sustainability of vegetation recovery. In this study, we quantified the ESs, ES trade-offs, and the environmental factors in 151 sample plots in the Ansai watershed, and we used a redundancy analysis (RDA) to clarify the effects of environmental factors on these ESs and their trade-offs...
July 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717627/the-influence-of-playing-surface-on-injury-risk-in-italian-elite-rugby-players
#2
Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Domenico Lupariello, Teresa Venditto, Pierpaolo Rota, Matteo Guzzini, Antonio Vadalà, Attilio Rota, Andrea Ferretti
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in the use of artificial turf surfaces in rugby. In particular, artificial surfaces may be an useful means of increasing participation in the sport by allowing greater usage of a given pitch, especially in regions where natural turf pitches are difficult to maintain. METHODS: The incidence of site, nature, cause, and severity of training and match injuries was prospectively recorded in two professional teams (one equipped with World Rugby certified third generation artificial turf and the other with natural grass over the 2014-2015 season)...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688260/soil-aggregate-stability-and-size-selective-sediment-transport-with-surface-runoff-as-affected-by-organic-residue-amendment
#3
Pu Shi, Christian Arter, Xingyu Liu, Martin Keller, Rainer Schulin
Aggregate breakdown influences the availability of soil particles for size-selective sediment transport with surface runoff during erosive rainfall events. Organic matter management is known to affect aggregate stability against breakdown, but little is known about how this translates into rainfall-induced aggregate fragmentation and sediment transport under field conditions. In this study, we performed field experiments in which artificial rainfall was applied after pre-wetting on three pairs of arable soil plots (1...
July 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684897/influence-of-cleats-surface-interaction-on-the-performance-and-risk-of-injury-in-soccer-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Diogo C F Silva, Rubim Santos, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Rui Macedo, António Mesquita Montes, Andreia S P Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To review the influence of cleats-surface interaction on the performance and risk of injury in soccer athletes. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Web of science, PubMed, and B-on. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Full experimental and original papers, written in English that studied the influence of soccer cleats on sports performance and injury risk in artificial or natural grass. RESULTS: Twenty-three articles were included in this review: nine related to performance and fourteen to injury risk...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667402/phylogenetic-structural-and-functional-characterization-of-amt3-1-an-ammonium-transporter-induced-by-mycorrhization-among-model-grasses
#5
Sally Koegel, Delphine Mieulet, Sefer Baday, Odile Chatagnier, Moritz F Lehmann, Andres Wiemken, Thomas Boller, Daniel Wipf, Simon Bernèche, Emmanuel Guiderdoni, Pierre-Emmanuel Courty
In the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis, plants satisfy part of their nitrogen (N) requirement through the AM pathway. In sorghum, the ammonium transporters (AMT) AMT3;1, and to a lesser extent AMT4, are induced in cells containing developing arbuscules. Here, we have characterized orthologs of AMT3;1 and AMT4 in four other grasses in addition to sorghum. AMT3;1 and AMT4 orthologous genes are induced in AM roots, suggesting that in the common ancestor of these five plant species, both AMT3;1 and AMT4 were already present and upregulated upon AM colonization...
June 30, 2017: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658883/artificial-neural-network-ann-model-to-predict-depression-among-geriatric-population-at-a-slum-in-kolkata-india
#6
Arkaprabha Sau, Ishita Bhakta
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity among the geriatric population. Although, the aging brain is more vulnerable to depression, it cannot be considered as physiological and an inevitable part of ageing. Various sociodemographic and morbidity factors are responsible for the depression among them. Using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model depression can be predicted from various sociodemographic variables and co morbid conditions even at community level by the grass root level health care workers...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658077/pitch-size-and-game-surface-in-different-small-sided-games-global-indicators-activity-profile-and-acceleration-of-female-soccer-players
#7
Jorge López-Fernández, Leonor Gallardo, Álvaro Fernández-Luna, Victor Villacañas, Jorge García-Unanue, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez
The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of game surface and pitch size on the movement profile in female soccer players during Small-Sided-Games (SSGs) of 4 v 4. 16 women played three different 4-a-side (400 m, 600 m and 800 m) on three surfaces (ground [GR], artificial turf [AT] and natural grass [NG]). Time-motion variables were assessed through GPS devices (Spi Pro X, GPSports, Australia). GR had the worst outputs on most variables. NG achieved higher results than AT in terms of total distance [SSG 400 (+37...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632048/effects-of-structural-components-of-artificial-turf-on-the-transmission-of-impacts-in-football-players
#8
Alberto Encarnación-Martínez, Antonio García-Gallart, Ana M Gallardo, Juan A Sánchez-Sáez, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez
The third generation of artificial turf systems (ATS) has matched the mechanical behaviour of natural grass, but today a high heterogeneity at structural level and mechanical behaviour in the new ATS also exists. The objective was to analyse the effect of the structural components of ATS football pitches and running speed on the capacity of impact attenuation. A total of 12 athletes were evaluated at three speed conditions (3.33 m/s, 4 m/s and maximum speed) on four different ATS, classifying them by their components (length of fibre, type of in-fill and sub-base)...
February 24, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617627/effect-of-position-time-in-the-season-and-playing-surface-on-achilles-tendon-ruptures-in-nfl-games-a-2009-10-to-2016-17-review
#9
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Matthew L Krill, Timothy E Hewett
OBJECTIVES: Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures are a potentially career-altering and ending injury. Achilles tendon ruptures have a below average return-to-play rate compared to other common orthopaedic procedures for National Football League (NFL) players. The objective of this study was to monitor the incidence and injury rates (IR) of AT ruptures that occurred during the regular season in order to evaluate the influence of player position, time of injury, and playing surface on rupture rates...
June 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501336/bioethanol-production-from-recovered-napier-grass-with-heavy-metals
#10
Chun-Han Ko, Fan-Chun Yu, Fang-Chih Chang, Bing-Yuan Yang, Wen-Hua Chen, Wen-Song Hwang, Ta-Chih Tu
Using plants to absorb and accumulate heavy metals from polluted soil, followed by the recycling of explants containing heavy metals, can help achieve the goal of reverting contaminated soil to low heavy-metal content soil. However, the re-use of recovered explants can also be problematic. Meanwhile, bioethanol has become a popular energy source. In this study, napier grass was used for the remediation of soil contaminated with heavy metals (artificially contaminated soil). The influence of bioethanol production from napier grass after phytoremediation was also investigated...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477255/proposal-of-new-convenient-extractant-for-assessing-phytoavailability-of-heavy-metals-in-contaminated-sandy-soil
#11
Jolanta Korzeniowska, Ewa Stanislawska-Glubiak
The aim of the study was to compare the usefulness of 1 M HCl with aqua regia, EDTA, and CaCl2 for the extraction of phytoavailable forms of Cu, Ni, and Zn on coarse-textured soils contaminated with these metals. Two microplot experiments were used for the studies. Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea), maize (Zea mays), willow (Salix viminalis), spartina (Spartina pectinata), and miscanthus (Miscanthus × giganteus) were used as test plants. They were grown on soil artificially spiked with Cu, Ni, and Zn...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448065/construction-of-a-map-based-reference-genome-sequence-for-barley-hordeum-vulgare-l
#12
Sebastian Beier, Axel Himmelbach, Christian Colmsee, Xiao-Qi Zhang, Roberto A Barrero, Qisen Zhang, Lin Li, Micha Bayer, Daniel Bolser, Stefan Taudien, Marco Groth, Marius Felder, Alex Hastie, Hana Šimková, Helena Staňková, Jan Vrána, Saki Chan, María Muñoz-Amatriaín, Rachid Ounit, Steve Wanamaker, Thomas Schmutzer, Lala Aliyeva-Schnorr, Stefano Grasso, Jaakko Tanskanen, Dharanya Sampath, Darren Heavens, Sujie Cao, Brett Chapman, Fei Dai, Yong Han, Hua Li, Xuan Li, Chongyun Lin, John K McCooke, Cong Tan, Songbo Wang, Shuya Yin, Gaofeng Zhou, Jesse A Poland, Matthew I Bellgard, Andreas Houben, Jaroslav Doležel, Sarah Ayling, Stefano Lonardi, Peter Langridge, Gary J Muehlbauer, Paul Kersey, Matthew D Clark, Mario Caccamo, Alan H Schulman, Matthias Platzer, Timothy J Close, Mats Hansson, Guoping Zhang, Ilka Braumann, Chengdao Li, Robbie Waugh, Uwe Scholz, Nils Stein, Martin Mascher
Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is a cereal grass mainly used as animal fodder and raw material for the malting industry. The map-based reference genome sequence of barley cv. 'Morex' was constructed by the International Barley Genome Sequencing Consortium (IBSC) using hierarchical shotgun sequencing. Here, we report the experimental and computational procedures to (i) sequence and assemble more than 80,000 bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones along the minimum tiling path of a genome-wide physical map, (ii) find and validate overlaps between adjacent BACs, (iii) construct 4,265 non-redundant sequence scaffolds representing clusters of overlapping BACs, and (iv) order and orient these BAC clusters along the seven barley chromosomes using positional information provided by dense genetic maps, an optical map and chromosome conformation capture sequencing (Hi-C)...
April 27, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416382/isolation-pathogenicity-and-characterization-of-a-novel-bacterial-pathogen-streptococcus-uberis-from-diseased-mandarin-fish-siniperca-chuatsi
#13
Xia Luo, Xiaozhe Fu, Guoli Liao, Ouqin Chang, Zhibin Huang, Ningqiu Li
In recent years, mandarin fish had a high mortality rate associated with abnormal swimming, exophthalmia, corneal opacity and eye hemorrhage on a fish farm located at Foshan city, Guangdong province, China. Three isolates of Gram-positive, chain-forming cocci were recovered from moribund fish, and designated as SS131025-1, SS131025-2, and SS131025-3. These isolates were identified as Streptococcus uberis according to their morphologic and physio-biochemical characteristics as well as phylogenetic analysis based on their 16S rRNA and GapC gene sequences...
April 14, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389864/does-the-fifa-11-%C3%A2-injury-prevention-program-reduce-the-incidence-of-acl-injury-in-male-soccer-players
#14
Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Mario Bizzini, Amelia Arundale, Bert R Mandelbaum, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: The FIFA 11+ injury prevention program has been shown to decrease the risk of soccer injuries in men and women. The program has also been shown to decrease time loss resulting from injury. However, previous studies have not specifically investigated how the program might impact the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in male soccer players. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to examine if the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program can (1) reduce the overall number of ACL injuries in men who play competitive college soccer and whether any potential reduction in rate of ACL injuries differed based on (2) game versus practice setting; (3) player position; (4) level of play (Division I or II); or (5) field type...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376139/cryopreservation-of-nili-ravi-buffalo-bull-sperm-in-cryodiluent-supplemented-with-lolium-perenne-protein-preparations
#15
S Qadeer, M A Khan, M S Ansari, B A Rakha, R Ejaz, A U Husna, A Azam, N Ullah, V K Walker, S Akhter
BACKGROUND: Semen from the Nili-Ravi buffalo bull, Bubalus bubalis, shows poor survival after freeze storage compared to bovine (Bos taurus and Bos indicus) semen. Freeze-susceptibility distinctions in these two genera have been attributed to differences in sperm membranes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured the impact of protein preparations derived from a frost-resistant perennial grass, Lolium perenne, with ice recrystallization inhibition activity on the low temperature storage of B...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364378/stoichiometry-in-aboveground-and-fine-roots-of-seriphidium-korovinii-in-desert-grassland-in-response-to-artificial-nitrogen-addition
#16
Lei Li, Xiaopeng Gao, Dongwei Gui, Bo Liu, Bo Zhang, Xiangyi Li
Nitrogen (N) input by atmospheric deposition and human activity enhances the availability of N in various ecosystems, which may further affect N and phosphorus (P) cycling and use by plants. However, the internal use of N, P, and N:P stoichiometry by plants in response to N supply, particularly for grass species in a desert steppe ecosystem, remains unclear. In this work, a field experiment was conducted at an infertile area in a desert steppe to investigate the effects of N fertilizer addition rates on the stoichiometry of N and P in a dominant grass species, Seriphidium korovinii...
July 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358612/management-and-case-outcome-of-gastric-impaction-in-four-raptors-a-case-series
#17
Jeffrey R Applegate, Arnaud Van Wettere, Emily F Christiansen, Laurel A Degernes
Four captive raptors, an American kestrel ( Falco sparverius ), peregrine falcon ( Falco peregrinus ), golden eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos ), and barn owl ( Tyto alba ), were diagnosed with ventricular and/or proventricular foreign material impactions consisting of artificial turf substrate, paper and plastic substrate, grass, and newspaper. Partial or total anorexia was reported in all birds and decreased casting in 2 birds. Survey radiographs confirmed presence of gastric enlargement in all 4 birds. The kestrel and eagle were treated unsuccessfully with gastroscopy and gastric lavage, respectively, followed by surgical intervention to remove the ventricular impactions...
March 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287756/early-expression-of-manual-lateralization-in-bipedal-marsupials
#18
Andrey Giljov, Karina Karenina, Janeane Ingram, Yegor Malashichev
Robust lateralization in forelimb use has recently been found in bipedal, but not quadrupedal, marsupial mammals. The link between bipedality and handedness, occurring in both marsupials and primates, remains to be investigated. To shed light on the developmental origins of marsupial manual lateralization, infants of macropod marsupials were examined before and shortly after the acquisition of habitual bipedal posture and locomotion. Forelimb preferences were assessed in natural, not artificially evoked, behaviors of infant red-necked wallaby in the wild and infant eastern gray kangaroo in free-ranging captivity...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209569/injury-rates-in-recreational-tennis-players-do-not-differ-between-different-playing-surfaces
#19
Babette M Pluim, Benjamin Clarsen, Evert Verhagen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the prevalence of tennis injuries between the four most common court surfaces in the Netherlands, including hard court, clay, sand-fill artificial grass and red-sand-fill artificial grass. Natural grass was not included in this study. METHODS: This was a repeated cross-sectional study over 6 months, involving members of the Royal Netherlands Lawn Tennis Association (KNLTB). A monthly questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 20 000 KNLTB members, stratified by their club's playing surface...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145403/regulation-of-ft-splicing-by-an-endogenous-cue-in-temperate-grasses
#20
Zhengrui Qin, Jiajie Wu, Shuaifeng Geng, Nan Feng, Fengjuan Chen, Xingchen Kong, Gaoyuan Song, Kai Chen, Aili Li, Long Mao, Liang Wu
Appropriate flowering timing is crucial for plant reproductive success. The florigen, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), interacts with 14-3-3 proteins and the bZIP transcription factor FD, functioning at core nodes in multiple flowering pathways. There are two FT homologues, FT1 and FT2, in Brachypodium distachyon. Here we show that FT2 undergoes age-dependent alternative splicing (AS), resulting in two splice variants (FT2α and FT2β). The FT2β-encoded protein cannot interact with FD or 14-3-3s but is able to form heterodimers with FT2α and FT1, thereby interfering with the florigen-mediated assembly of the flowering initiation complex...
February 1, 2017: Nature Communications
keyword
keyword
109071
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"