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Adenomyosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454459/expression-of-cxcl12-and-its-receptor-cxcr4-in-patients-with-adenomyosis
#1
Juan Li, Geping Yin, Ming Chen, Shujun Yang, Aifang Wu, Jing Liang, Zheng Yuan
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12) and its receptor, chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 (CXCR4) in the pathogenesis of adenomyosis (AD). Immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis were used to measure the protein and mRNA expression of CXCL12 and CXCR4 in eutopic endometrial and ectopic foci tissue samples. Samples from a total of 36 patients with AD (study group) were compared with endometrial tissue samples from 33 patients who underwent uterine fibroids surgery (control group) during the same period...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454372/distinguishing-between-intramural-pregnancy-and-choriocarcinoma-a-case-report
#2
Shan Su, Devendra Chavan, Kun Song, Dennis Chi, Guiyu Zhang, Xiaohui Deng, Li Li, Beihua Kong
Intramural pregnancy is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy with an unclear etiology. It may be associated with uterine wall injury and/or abnormal uterine conditions, such as adenomyosis, in certain cases. In the present report, a case of intramural pregnancy associated with adenomyosis is discussed. The patient was 34 years old and presented with amenorrhea for 40 days. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mixed echogenic mass located within the posterior wall of the uterine fundus with abundant blood flow...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454369/overexpression-of-erythropoietin-producing-hepatocyte-receptor-b4-and-ephrin-b2-is-associated-with-estrogen-receptor-expression-in-endometrial-adenocarcinoma
#3
Ling-Dan Dong, Xiang-Lin Cheng, Long Zhou, Qing Huang, Jun-Chuan Li, Cun-Jian Yi
Endometrial adenocarcinoma (EC) is one of the most frequently diagnosed types of endometrial cancer and is typically a consequence of continuous estrogen receptor stimulation. Erythropoietin-producing hepatocyte receptor B4 (EphB4) and its ligand ephrin-B2 have been reported to be overexpressed in EC cells; however, the function in EC remains unclear. The present study aimed to elucidate the role of EphB4 and ephrin-B2 in EC. The protein expression pattern of EphB4 and ephrin-B2 was analyzed through immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis in endometrium with adenomyosis or simple endometrial hyperplasia, atypical endometrial hyperplasia, double-positive estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR) EC and double-negative ER/PR EC...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444512/endometrial-cancer-arising-in-adenomyosis-versus-endometrial-cancer-coexisting-with-adenomyosis-are-these-two-different-entities
#4
Hiroko Machida, Midori Maeda, Sigita S Cahoon, Christopher A Scannell, Jocelyn Garcia-Sayre, Lynda D Roman, Koji Matsuo
PURPOSE: While adenomyosis is one of the most common benign histologic findings in hysterectomy specimens of endometrial cancer, demographics of endometrial cancer arising in adenomyosis (EC-AIA) has not been well elucidated. The aim of this study is to evaluate histopathological findings and disease-free survival (DFS) of EC-AIA in comparison to endometrial cancer coexisting with adenomyosis (EC-A). METHODS: EC-AIA cases were identified via a systematic literature search (n = 46)...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438065/reduced-expression-of-eukaryotic-translation-initiation-factor-3-subunit-e-and-its-possible-involvement-in-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-endometriosis
#5
Xianjun Cai, Minhong Shen, Xishi Liu, Sun-Wei Guo
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is now well documented to be involved in the development of endometriosis through the promotion of invasion and fibrogenesis. To date, several factors have been reported to be involved in EMT in endometriosis. The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit e (eIF3e) protein is a component of the multisubunit eIF3 complex essential for cap-dependent translation initiation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether eIF3e is involved in EMT in endometriosis...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437003/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-for-the-treatment-of-adenomyosis-selection-criteria-efficacy-safety-and-fertility
#6
Lian Zhang, Fangwen Rao, Raymond Setzen
Adenomyosis is a disorder of uterus in which endometrial glands and stroma are present within the uterine musculature. The main clinical manifestations are dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia. Adenomyosis has a great impact on both the quality of life and fertility of women. The treatment of adenomyosis remains an immense challenge MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant articles were searched through MEDLINE, Pubmed between 2000 and March 2017. The search terms of adenomyosis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of adenomyosis, high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), Ultrasound-guided HIFU and MRgFUS were used...
April 24, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416935/juvenile-cystic-adenomyoma-mimicking-a-uterine-anomaly-a-report-of-two-cases
#7
Vatsla Dadhwal, Aparna Sharma, Kavita Khoiwal
Juvenile cystic adenomyoma is a rare form of adenomyosis and described as a new type of mullerian anomaly in literature. We are presenting two cases of juvenile cystic adenomyoma which were misdiagnosed preoperatively as unicornuate uterus with haematometra in a non-communicating rudimentary horn. The mainstay of treatment is complete resection of lesion.
February 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406930/eutopic-ectopic-endometrial-apoptosis-initiated-by-bilateral-uterine-artery-occlusion-a-new-therapeutic-mechanism-for-uterus-sparing-surgery-in-adenomyosis
#8
Li Chen, Caixia Li, Jing Guo, Ning Luo, Xiaoyan Qu, Le Kang, Mingmin Liu, Zhongping Cheng
The objective of the present study was to investigate differences in the expression of apoptosis-related factors in the eutopic and ectopic endometrium (EuE/EE) in women with adenomyosis before and after laparoscopic bilateral uterine artery occlusion (LUAO). Ten patients with uterine adenomyosis who received LUAO were selected as the research subjects, from whom EuE and EE tissues were obtained before and after LUAO and detected for the expression of apoptosis-related molecules in EuE and EE by PT-PCR and Western blot, and changes in the mitochondrial structure by electron microscopy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403918/trauma-and-endometriosis-a-review-may-we-explain-surgical-phenotypes-and-natural-history-of-the-disease
#9
M Canis, N Bourdel, C Houlle, A-S Gremeau, R Botchorishvili, S Matsuzaki
OBJECTIVE: The study was performed to evaluate whether trauma is an initial event of development of endometriosis. METHOD: Using Medline database from January 1960 up to December 2014, a systematic review was made of all published studies using the keywords trauma, healing, injury, infection, hyperperistaltism, stretch and endometriosis, adenomyosis and trauma. Studies and review articles written in French and/or in English related to the topic were included and reviewed independently by two authors...
March 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397200/impact-of-pelvic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-the-indication-of-uterine-artery-embolization-in-the-treatment-of-myoma
#10
Norma Maria Tenório Brito Pires, Emmanuelle Tenório Godoi, Dinaldo Cavalcanti Oliveira, Simone Cristina Soares Brandão, Carlos Coutinho Abath, Pedro Pires, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in the indication for uterine-artery embolization in women with fibroids, as well as the correlation between MRI and ultrasound (US) examinations for diagnosing adenomyosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed through the analysis of the medical records of 263 women referred for uterine-artery embolization as treatment for fibroids after undergoing US and MRI examinations...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395325/interaction-of-macrophages-and-endometrial-cells-induces-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-like-processes-in-adenomyosis%C3%A2
#11
Min An, Dong Li, Ming Yuan, Qiuju Li, Lu Zhang, Guoyun Wang
Adenomyosis is a nonneoplastic condition characterized by the benign invasion of ectopic endometrium into the myometrium. Macrophages play significant roles in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and adenomyosis. An EMT associated with adenomyosis has been extensively studied. This study investigated the process by which the interaction of macrophages with endometrial cells induces EMT in Ishikawa cells and epithelial cells of adenomyosis. Specimens were collected after hysterectomy or resection of adenomyosis lesions from women with adenomyosis and curettage from women without adenomyosis or endometriosis...
January 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389633/leonurine-attenuates-hyperalgesia-in-mice-with-induced-adenomyosis
#12
Jichan Nie, Xishi Liu
BACKGROUND Adenomyosis, defined as the invasion of endometrial glands and stroma into the myometrium, is a common gynecological disorder. In the present study we report on the effect of leonurine on ICR mice with adenomyosis induced by neonatal tamoxifen. MATERIAL AND METHODS After being treated with tamoxifen for 4, 8, and 12 weeks, we assessed body weight and pain modulation in mice in hotplate tests. The mice were divided into 5 groups: a low-dose leonurine treatment group, a high-dose leonurine treatment group, a valproic acid (VPA) treatment group, a vehicle only treatment group, and a blank control group...
April 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377357/-role-of-estrogen-estrogen-receptors-and-aromatase-in-the-pathogenesis-of-uterine-adenomyosis
#13
Yu-Yan Zeng, Yong-Ge Guan, Kun-Yin Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of estrogen (E2), estrogen receptor (ER) and aromatase (P450arom) in the pathogenesis of uterine adenomyosis. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded specimens of the uterine tissue from patients with uterine adenomyosis and patients with cervical lesions (CIN; control) were examined for expressions of E2, ER and P450arom by immunohistochemistry and ELISA. The cells isolated from the lesions of patients with adenomyosis were cultured in vitro, and the changes in cell growth in response to treatments with E2, ER inhibitor, ER inhibitor + E2, estrogen deprivation, and estrogen deprivation+ ICI182780 were assessed using CCK-8 method...
March 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342392/value-of-the-68-ga-dotatate-pet-ct-in-the-diagnosis-of-endometriosis-a-pilot-study
#14
M Fastrez, C Artigas, N Sirtaine, Z Wimana, M Caillet, S Rozenberg, P Flamen
OBJECTIVE: The non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis remains challenging. Recent data suggested that somatostatin might be involved in its pathogenesis. High sensitive visualization of somatostatin receptors expression is possible using PET-CT imaging after the administration of a (68)Ga-labeled somatostatin analog (DOTATATE) that will bind to the somatostatin receptor sub-types 2 and 5. The aim of the present study was to assess the usefulness of (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET-CT in the diagnosis of endometriosis...
May 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339446/pulsed-radiofrequency-ablation-of-pudendal-nerve-for-treatment-of-a-case-of-refractory-pelvic-pain
#15
Vadim Petrov-Kondratov, Avneesh Chhabra, Stephanie Jones
Pudendal neuralgia (PN) is a result of pudendal nerve entrapment or injury, also called "Alcock syndrome." Pain that develops is often chronic, and at times debilitating. If conservative measures fail, invasive treatment modalities can be considered. The goal of this case report is to add to a small body of literature that a pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) ablation can be effectively used to treat PN and to show that high resolution MR neurography imaging can be used to detect pudendal neuropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 51-year-old woman with 5 years of worsening right groin and vulva pain...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331289/transcriptome-analysis-of-endometrial-tissues-following-gnrh-agonist-treatment-in-a-mouse-adenomyosis-model
#16
Song Guo, Xiaowei Lu, Ruihuan Gu, Di Zhang, Yijuan Sun, Yun Feng
PURPOSE: Adenomyosis is a common, benign gynecological condition of the female reproductive tract characterized by heavy menstrual bleeding and dysmenorrhea. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists are one of the medications used in adenomyosis treatment; however, their underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Moreover, it is difficult to obtain endometrial samples from women undergoing such treatment. To overcome this, we generated an adenomyosis mouse model, which we treated with an GnRH agonist to determine its effect on pregnancy outcomes...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289589/polymorphism-of-the-il13-gene-may-be-associated-with-uterine-leiomyomas-in-slovenian-women
#17
J Krsteski, S Jurgec, M Pakiž, I But, U Potočnik
Uterine leiomyomas (ULM) are a common cause of solid pelvic tumors in women. Their etiopathogenesis remains unclear. Interleukins (ILs) and their receptors can influence tumor biology of ULM. The aim of this study was to evaluate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) exhibited in the genes IL4 (rs2070874), IL4R (rs1801275), IL12RB1 (rs11575934), IL12B (rs6887695), IL13 (rs20541) and IL23R (rs7517847) as risk factors for ULM in Slovenian women and to identify associations between corresponding clinical parameters and the analyzed SNPs...
December 1, 2016: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267526/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-treatment-of-adenomyosis-the-relationship-between-the-features-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-on-t2-weighted-images-and-the-therapeutic-efficacy
#18
Chunmei Gong, Raymond Setzen, Zhongqiong Liu, Yunchang Liu, Bin Xie, Aixingzi Aili, Lian Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between the features of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on T2 weighted images (T2WI) and the therapeutic efficacy of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) on adenomyosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2011 to November 2015, four hundred and twenty-eight patients with symptomatic adenomyosis were treated with HIFU. Based on the signal intensity and the number of hyperintense foci in the adenomyotic lesions on T2WI, the patients were classified into groups...
April 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238590/the-current-status-of-hormonal-therapies-for-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#19
REVIEW
Oskari Heikinheimo, Ian Fraser
Hormonal treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), especially bleeding related to endometrial causes (AUB-E), ovulatory dysfunction (AUB-O) and coagulopathy (AUB-C), and to some extent, uterine leiomyomas and adenomyosis, has become the first-line evidence-based management strategy during recent years. Hormonal treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is also endorsed as the first line of treatment in several international guidelines. In the present article, we review the efficacy of the commonly used and widely available hormonal treatments of AUB-O, AUB-E and AUB-C...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197875/mri-us-or-real-time-virtual-sonography-in-the-evaluation-of-adenomyosis
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Valeria Vinci, Matteo Saldari, Maria Eleonora Sergi, Silvia Bernardo, Giuseppe Rizzo, Maria Grazia Porpora, Carlo Catalano, Lucia Manganaro
PURPOSE: Real-time virtual sonography (RVS) allows displaying and synchronizing real-time US and multiplanar reconstruction of MRI images. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and ability of RVS to assess adenomyosis since literature shows US itself has a reduced diagnostic accuracy compared to MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted over a 4-month period (March-June 2015). We enrolled in the study 52 women with clinical symptoms of dysmenorrhea, methrorragia and infertility...
May 2017: La Radiologia Medica
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